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Vol. 82, No. 1 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

January 1991 

175th Annual Convention opens 

Shadowed by disheartening news of war 
in the Middle East and the military re- 
pression of budding democratic govern- 
ments in the Baltic republics, the 175th 
Annual Convention of the Episcopal 
Diocese of North Carolina was sched- 
uled to convene Thursday, January 24, at 
the Omni Hotel and Convention Center 
in Durham. 

Featured speakers for the Friday morn- 
ing business session and the following 
Hunger Luncheon will be Jerry Levin, 
former Cable News Network Beirut, 
Lebanon, bureau chief, who was held 
captive there by terrorists for almost a 
year in 1984-1985, and his wife Sis, 
whose tireless advocacy helped lead to 
his freedom. 

The Durham Convocation is hosting 
the Convention, which will continue 
with a full day of proceedings Friday 
and Friday evening, January 25, and 
conclude at the close of the afternoon 
business session Saturday, January 26. 

Levin, a radio and television journalist 

Sis Levin, author of Beirut Diary, will 
speak at the Hunger Luncheon. 

for over 30 years, accepted a transfer 
from CNN's Chicago bureau and arrived 
in Beirut on December 23, 1983, setting 
out to cover a country that because of its 
eight-year-long civil war was probably 
more chaotic and anarchic than any 
other place on earth. Eleven weeks later 
he was kidnapped. He managed to 
escape on February 14, 1985. 

Of Jewish background, Levin consid- 
ered himself an atheist before his capture 
but became a believer while a hostage. 
His wife, Sis, is an Episcopalian born in 

Sis, now a self-proclaimed feminist, 
grew up in a conservative, traditional 
family that objected strongly to her reli- 
giously-mixed marriage with Levin. She 
has written a successful book, Beirut 
Diary, describing her experiences in 
negotiating with Syrian, Palestinian, and 
Lebanese factions in attempting to gain 
her husband's freedom and the frustra- 
tion she experienced in seeking real help 
from official United States sources. 

The Levins have been occupied full- 
time in hostage-related and Middle 
Eastern affairs since Jerry's escape. 

The fourth annual Hunger Luncheon, 
at which Sis will be the speaker, will be 
held in the Urban Ministries Center. Her 
talk will be held just across the parking 
lot at St. Philip's Church. Focus of the 
luncheon this year is on hunger in the 
Middle East. 

Mr. and Mrs. Levin will both address 
the public at 7:30 P.M. Friday evening at 
Meredith College in Raleigh. Sis will 
autograph copies of her book at 7:45 
A.M. Saturday in the Exhibits and Book 
Store area of the Convention. Both will 
be at St. Paul's, Louisburg, on Sunday 

Convention delegates, as usual, will 
consider a variety of business, including 
approval of budgets, elections, resolu- 
tions, and the Bishop's address. 

Registration of clergy, delegates, and 
guests will begin at 2 P.M. Thursday, 
and the exhibits and book store will open 
at the same time in Hall A of the Con- 
vention Center. Registration will be in 
the foyer. 

Hearings and committee meetings will 
be held 4:30-5:45 P.M. in Omni Hotel 
meeting rooms. The hotel and conven- 
tion center are adjoining. 

The Convention committees are Social 
Concerns, Faith and Morals, National 
and International Affairs, Administration 
of the Diocese, Program of the Church, 
and Constitution and Canons. Hearings 
on the 17 resolutions submitted prior to 
Convention will be held by these com- 
mittees, to whom the resolutions will be 
assigned on the basis of subject matter. 
Parliamentary procedure also makes it 
possible for further resolutions to be 
introduced at the first business session. 

At convocation meetings in early 
January, the resolutions that have drawn 
the most comment have been Number 1 
(On Exclusionary Clubs), Number 9 (On 
Providing a Diocesan Sex Education 
Program), Number 10 (On Evangelism 
and Religious Pluralism), Number 15 
(On Revealing Sources of Financial Sup- 

Jerry Levin, a former hostage in Lebanon, will address the Convention. 

port for Diocesan Officials and Employ- 
ees), and Number 17 (On Implementing 
Environmental Guidelines for Diocesan 
Institutions and Individual Churchmem- 
bers). A controversial 18th resolution, 
calling for the resignation of the Rev. 
Jim Lewis, diocesan Director of Chris- 
tian Social Ministries, was withdrawn by 
its sponsor. 

Delegates will be asked to approve a 
budget shaped in a controversial debate 
this past fall when the prospect of re- 
duced revenues resulted in a decision to 
eliminate three full-time diocesan staff 
positions, those of archivist Michelle 
Francis, communications officer John 
Justice, and archdeacon the Rev. Neff 
Powell, who managed diocesan pro- 

In a new procedure this year, hearings 
will be resumed at 9 P.M. after a light 
supper at 6 P.M. provided by the Episco- 
pal Church Women of the convocation, 
to be held at nearby Trinity Methodist 
Church, and followed there at 7:30 P.M. 
by Holy Eucharist and, the Bishop's 

On Friday, January 25, registration 
will continue from 7 A.M. until 5 P.M. 
Exhibits and the book store will be open 
from 8 A.M. until 7 P.M. Morning Pray- 
er, followed by the first business session, 
begins at 8 A.M. Noonday Prayer is 
scheduled for 11:15 A.M., to be followed 
by the Hunger Luncheon. 

The Friday afternoon business session 
is scheduled to run from 1:30-4:30, con- 
cluding with Evening Prayer. A clergy 
and delegate spouse event is set for 4 

P.M. at Brightleaf Square. 

Evening events get underway ut coU 
with a reception and cash bar in the 
Omni Ballroom. The banquet starts at 
7:30 P.M., with a dance featuring the 
Steve Cunningham Trio afterward. 

Saturday morning the exhibits and 
book store open at 8 A.M. and will re- 
main open until 3 P.M. 

At 8 A.M. Morning Prayer will pre- 
cede the business session, which is sche- 
duled to end at 11:30 A.M. with Noon- 
day Prayer, followed by lunch. The 
afternoon business session gets under- 
way at 12:30 and will continue until 

The Durham Convocation has arrang- 
ed for child care to be available through- 
out the Convention, but people who live 
nearby are encouraged to attempt to 
make their own childcare arrangements. 

The Convention Office will be in 
Room 108. A Prayer Room, Room 107, 
will be available after 7 A.M. Friday, 
according to convention planner Eleanor 
Upton. • 

Note to readers 

It is hoped that this issue of The Com- 
municant will arrive at your homes a few 
days prior to the beginning of the Dioce- 
san Convention, to be held January 24- 
26 in Durham. Inside you will find lists 
of nominees for diocesan offices and 
boards, resolutions, and reports. To ex- 
press your wishes on these matters, 
please contact the convention delegates 
from your parish or mission. 

Around the diocese 

Assessment, Quota explained 

Editor's Note: The following clearly 
written explanation was composed by the 
Rev. Keith Matthews, rector of Trinity 
Church, Scotland Neck, for her parish 
newsletter, and with thanks to the author 
it is herewith reprinted. 

There has been some confusion about 
exactly what the Episcopal Maintenance 
Assessment and Program Budget Quota 
monies support. The following informa- 
tion comes from Letty Magdanz, the 
treasurer of the diocese: 

The Episcopal Maintenan*.*, Assess- 
ment (required of all churches) suj ports 
items required by national and diocesan 
canon: the bishops' offices and salaries, 
officers of the diocese, the work of the 
Diocesan Council, Standing Committee, 
and other diocesan commissions and 
committees required by canon, the Dio- 
cesan House, and the General Conven- 
tion assessment. 

The Church Budget Quota (optional, 
but required to maintain parish status) 
supports all programs of the diocese, the 
youth coordinator and youth programs, 
Christian Social Ministries, the college 
program, mission church assistance, the 
church loan program (which supplied 
funds for building Trinity's parish house), 
commissions and committees set up by 
Diocesan Convention (Stewardship, Al- 
coholism Evangelism, etc.), the Confer- 
ence Center at Browns Summit, APSO, 
North Carolina Council of Churches 
(Bishop Estill is president), and the na- 
tional church assessment (which sup- 
ports the Presiding Bishop, the national 
offices at "815," and the administrators 
for things like the Presiding Bishop's 
Fund for World Relief). The great ma- 
jority of this money stays in the diocese. 

Note: The diocese pays 4.5% of its 
Episcopal Maintenance budget to sup- 
port General Convention and 33% of its 
Quota Budget to support the National 
Church, all required by national canon. 
In California, the local parish amount to 
support the diocese was approximately 
18% of the parish's budget; in Texas, 
approximately 15%; in West Virginia, 
25%; in central New York, 22 %; in this 
diocese (North Carolina), approximately 

ECW worship retreat 

The deadline for registration for the 
Episcopal Church Women's annual wor- 
ship retreat is January 21. The session 
this year, to be held at the Camp and 
Conference Center at Browns Summit, 
will be led by Bishop Estill, whose 
theme will be "Caring for God's Cre- 
ation." The retreat will begin at noon, 
February 5, and conclude at noon the 
next day. A registration fee of $43 will 
be charged, which includes double room, 
all meals, and full service. Checks 

should be made to ECW Worship 
Retreat and mailed to Nell Finch, 2110 
St. Mary's Street, Raleigh, N.C. 27608, 
(919) 782-0686. A registration form was 
printed in The Communicant's Decem- 
ber number. 

Lenten retreat in Cary 

Father Paul Wessinger, SSJE, of St. 
John's House in Durham will lead a 
Lenten Quiet Day entitled "Praying with 
Scripture" on Saturday, February 16, at 
St. Paul's, Cary. 

The day will begin at 9:00 A.M. with 
registration and coffee and end at 3:15 
P.M. Father Paul will offer two periods 
of instruction, each followed by a quiet 
period for meditation, prayer, and 
reading. Participants should bring 
Bibles and writing materials. 

Each person is asked to bring a bag 
lunch. St. Paul's will provide beverages 
and fruit. 

A free will offering will be collected 
for St. John's House, a retreat house of 
the Society of St. John the Evangelist, 
the oldest Anglican religious order for 
men. St, John's House offers a variety 
of programs for guests, including one- 
day workshops and individual or group 

For more information, please call 
Shannon Bailey at (919) 834-9419. 

Harvest from Seed Money 

Forty-five members of the Messiah Epis- 
copal Church of Mayodan turned $10 
bills, given to them the previous fall for 
seed money, into a harvest of something 
over $2,500 which they returned to the 
church last Easter Sunday to help meet 
the increased financial burdens of a new 
furnace, an air conditioning unit, and a 
full-time minister's salary. 

Parishioners undertook a variety of 
projects. One member, known in the 
community for her delicious cakes, used 
the initial $10 to invest in the ingredients 
and returned not only the original invest- 
ment, but ten times that, just as the faith- 
ful steward in the biblical parable did. 
Nine others pooled their money and 
among their several projects was the 
creation of sweat shirts with holiday 
motifs. These sold faster than the maker 
could fill the orders. Bread was baked 
and sold, a bake sale held by another 
group who joined together, and coffee 
mugs with the picture of the church on 
them yielded rich rewards. Another 
member, known in the community for 

her homemade butter mints, was able to 
return a sizable profit on her investment, 
too. Jellies and folk art, Christmas bells, 
earrings, and craft items were evidence 
of talents that have been identified and 
used, to the glory of God. 

The seed money was taken from the 
offering given the new vicar at her ordi- 
nation. The original $450 was returned 
to the Discretionary Fund, and will be 
available again to any requesting it for 
another try. As of this writing, eleven 
members of the congregation are putting 
their seed money to work again. 

Editor's note 

If your parish does not already send a 
copy of its newsletter to the Communi- 
cant office, please add us to your mail- 
ing list today. Your diocesan newspaper 
wants to know what you are doing and 
from time to time would like to share 
some of your local news with the entire 
diocesan family. 

N.C. Council of Churches 
opposes U.S. military action 

CHARLOTTE-The Executive Board of the 
North Carolina Council of Churches, 
meeting here December 14, adopted by 
unanimous vote a statement on the Per- 
sian Gulf crisis which strongly opposes 
the United States-led mobilization for 
offensive military action against Iraq and 
all moves toward war in the region. The 
Board expressed alarm that U.S. policy 
is leading the U.S. and other nations 
headlong into a devastating and tragic 
military encounter. Recalling Christmas 
themes and stories and Biblical words 
about peace, the church representatives 
said they were "horrified that our coun- 
try seems on the verge of initiating an 
atrocious, unnecessary, and immoral mil- 
itary adventure which would be tragical- 
ly contrary to God's will for human life." 

The statement calls for a halt to the 
military build-up and for a phased with- 
drawal of U.S. troops from the Gulf 
region, except those that might be re- 
quested to be part of a United Nations 
peacekeeping force. It also calls for the 
continued application of sanctions 
against Iraq until Iraq complies with 
United Nations demands to withdraw 
from Kuwait. Finally, the Board mem- 
bers urged churches to make peace in the 
Middle East an urgent matter for prayer, 
study, and action. 

Ecumenical service, New Years 
party advocate peace 

Bishop Estill was the preacher for an 
"Ecumenical Service for Peace" at 4:00 
p.m. on December 23 at Church of the 
Good Shepherd in Raleigh attended by 
between 200 and 300 people and spon- 
sored by the Episcopal, Roman Catholic, 

Lutheran, Disciples of Christ, United 
Church of Christ, United Methodist, 
Baptist, and Moravian churches. 

According to the Rev. Jim Lewis, 
"Bishop Estill preached a fine sermon 
and we marched over to the capitol 
grounds with candles. It managed to 
gather people, many of whom would not 
have attended a rally or vigil under 
different circumstances." 

On New Year's Eve, a small but dedi- 
cated group of peace supporters, feeling 
that the ordinary celebratory type of 
observance was inappropriate this year, 
held an alternative New Year's Party for 
Peace at Diocesan House in Raleigh. 

News of other dioceses 

Richmond, Va.-Sl Catherine's School 
and St. Christopher's School, two single- 
sex schools located in Richmond and 
owned by the Episcopal Diocese of Vir- 
ginia, have announced that they are con- 
sidering the possibility of a merger. The 
boards of governors of each school must 
decide independently if they wish to 
merge. If both agree, the matter would 
then be presented to the board of trustees 
of Church Schools in the Diocese of Vir- 
ginia (CSDV). Officials predict a 
decision by February. 

Richmond, VA.-The 141,000-member 
Roman Catholic Diocese of Richmond 
has joined the Virigina Council of 
Churches, which includes 14 Protestant 
and Orthodox denominations. The 
Council was founded in 1944, with the 
Episcopal Diocese of Virginia as one of 
its charter members. 

The Communicant is published bimonthly, 
in January, March, May, July, September, 
and November, by the Episcopal Diocese of 
North Carolina. 


The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop 

The Rt. Rev. Huntington Williams Jr. 


E. T. Malone Jr. 

Art Director 

Mary Catherine Sox 

Non-diocesan subscriptions are $10.00. Sub- 
missions are welcome; they are due in the 
10th of the month for the issue dated the 
following month. 

Please send letters and address changes to: 
The Communicant, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, 
NC, 27619. Phone: (919) 787-6313. 

The Communicant is a member of the 
Associated Church Press and the Association 
of Episcopal Communicators. Second-class 
postage paid at Raleigh, North Carolina, and 
at additional post offices. Publication num- 
ber: USPS 392-580. 


This & that, from all over 

Dr. William Anderson, formerly a 
member of the Chapel of the Cross in 
Chapel Hill and now a communicant of 
Trinity Church, Charlottesville, Virginia, 
was one of a three-person team that 
visited South Africa recently as dele- 
gates from the Episcopal Church's 
Standing Commission on Peace. 

-St. Andrew's, Rocky Mount, held 
an informal "Blessing of the Toys" at 
11 A.M. on Christmas Day, with chil- 
dren, cousins, grandchildren, and lost 
relatives invited. Newly elected to the 
vestry at St. Andrew's are Jeanette 
Holland, Don Mucci, Neil Nelson, and 
Kay Tyndall. 

-The Episcopal Church Women of St. 
Thomas', Reidsviile, worked particu- 
larly hard on their Country Store and 
luncheon held October 26 and made 
$4,400, the largest total ever for those 

-St. Luke's, Salisbury, has a "West 
Virginia" project, in which the church 
has entered into a companion parish 
relationship with a small parish, the 
Church of the Heavenly Rest, in Mc- 
Dowell County, West Virginia. Letters 
and prayers are exchanged, and on De- 
cember 16 the St. Luke's choir traveled 
to the Church of the Heavenly Rest and 
conducted a service of Christmas 
Lessons and Carols. 

-Sylvia Wall, former organist at St. 
Ambrose, Raleigh, performed during 
Smith College's annual Christmas Ves- 
pers held in John M. Greene Hall on 
December 2. Ms. Wall opened the pro- 
gram with two organ voluntaries on the 
Austin Organ, Opus 279 (1910), four 
manuals, sixty ranks. She also played a 
choral prelude on "God Rest Ye Merry 
Gentlemen" by Roland Diggle and a 
"Noel-votre bonte grand dieu" by Claude 
Balbastre. Ms. Wall, who received an 
educational grant from the Sisters of 
Transfiguration, Glendale, Ohio, is an 
Ada Comstock Scholar at Smith College, 
and her primary interest is the theologi- 
cal basis of music in contemporary li- 
turgical practice. She served as organist 
at St. Ambrose Episcopal Church in 
Raleigh in 1985 and is a member of St. 
Andrew's Episcopal Church in Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. Smith College, located in 
Northampton, Massachusetts, is the 
largest private liberal arts college for 
women in the United States. 

-Jesuit Father William G. Kelly, 69, 
pastor of St. Therese Church in Moores- 
ville, died November 3 of a stroke, the 
North Carolina Catholic reports. 

-For the past eight years, David Rolfe, 
a member of St. Paul's, Winston- 
Salem, and a photographer on the staff 
of the Winston-Salem Journal, has given 

oMis unique time and talent to provide a 
special cover photograph for the Christ- 
mas issue of "Parish Life," the church 

-Someone ran up between $300 and 
$400 in telephone calls to "900" num- 
bers one Sunday night recently at one 
church in this diocese. Lamenting this 
evil deed, and speculating on who might 
be the culprit, the parish newsletter 
commented: "The EYC did not meet on 
that Sunday." Apparently, a case for 
Sherlock Holmes. 

-The ECW's "fund-raising, fun- 
raising" craft fair at Good Shepherd, 
Rocky Mount, in November netted 
around $4,300, according to ECW Presi- 
dent Linda Sewell. 

-Congratulations to Nancy Nye, 
parishioner at Chapel of the Cross, 
Chapel Hill, who received one of the 
eight 1990 Governor's Awards for Ex- 
cellence for state employees. Nancy 
manages the Department of Biochemis- 
try at UNC-Chapel Hill. 

-Contributions to the ministry of the 
Order of the Holy Cross, which operates 
Holy Savior Priory in South Carolina, 
may be sent to Order of the Holy Cross, 
West Park, New York 12493. 

-The new board of directors for 
Common Ground in Charlotte includes 
the Rev. Robert Lee Haden Jr., chair- 

Sylvia Wall, former St. Ambrose 

man; the Rev. Lyonel Gilmer, executive 
director; two therapists, Patricia Dunton 
and Ginny Wright; Henry Lomax as 
lawyer and business person; and Dr. Bob 
Farnham, parishioner, St. John's Church. 

-CROP Walk collections amounted to 
nearly $3,600 at St. John's, Charlotte, 
the highest level of donations ever in 
that parish, where a portion of the mon- 
ey will go to help support the local 
Loaves and Fishes and Crisis Assistance 

-Generous donations of furniture and 
volunteer decorating talent have helped 
create a pleasant working environment 
in the new church offices at St. Barna- 
bas', Greensboro. • 

News of the National Church 

General Convention still 
scheduled for Phoenix 

The Episcopal church will hold its Gen- 
eral Convention in Phoenix this summer 
despite Arizona's rejection of a Martin 
Luther King Jr. holiday. The convention 
will begin July 10 with a rally led by 
South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu. 

Unlike the National Football League, 
which is pulling the 1993 super Bowl out 
of Phoenix, Presiding Bishop Edmond L. 
Browning said, "We do not have that 
choice. We are in this for the long haul." 

Sewanee D.Min. program begins 
seventeenth year 

Sewanee, TENN.-The Doctor of Ministry 
Program of the University of the South 
begins its seventeenth year this summer. 
The Doctor of Ministry program is one 
of the few in the United States which op- 
erates only during the summer months. 
This means that clergy can participate in 
the program without a major interruption 
in their parish responsibilities. It affords 
an opportunity for students to study in an 

Episcopal seminary in a university 

The program stresses the relationship 
between the practice of ministry, and 
biblical, historical, and theological 
knowledge. A Master of Sacred Theol- 
ogy program focusing on research skills 
is also available. The programs usually 
take three or four summers to complete. 

The D.Min. program consists of 30 
semester hours. Students are required to 
complete a major project, which is a 
study of some dimension of one's minis- 
try or the ministry of the Church. 

Courses offered this summer will be 
"Ministry Seminar" by Dr. Donald 
Armentrout; "Pastoral Care and Chris- 
tian Identity in the Early Church" by Dr. 
Philip Culbertson; "The Church in the 
New Testament" by Dr. Reginald Fuller; 
"Christian Initiation, the Catechume- 
nate, and Evangelism" by Dr. Marion 
Hatchett and Mr. Raymond Glover; and 
"Preaching in the Context of Liturgy" 
by Dr. William Hethcock. 

The dates for the summer of 1991 are 
June 26-July 31. The course on "Chris- 
tian Initiation, the Catechumenate, and 

Evangelism" runs from July 1-July 12, 
meeting for three hours each afternoon. 
It is designed for clergy, organists, and 
choir directors. 

Inquiries about the program should be 
addressed to the Director's Office, 
D.Min. Program, School of Theology, 
Sewanee, Tennessee 37375-4001. 

Sewanee's Dean Patterson 
returns to teaching 

Sewanee TENN.-Vice-Chancellor and 
President of the University of the South, 
Dr. Samuel R. Williamson, announced 
December 6, 1990, that Dr. W. Brown 
Patterson, dean of the university's Col- 
lege of Arts and Sciences, has decided to 
return to his full-time faculty position in 
the Department of History. 

Los Angeles diocese rejects 
'holy union"resolution 

Delegates to the December 1 convention 
of the Diocese of Los Angeles defeated a 
resolution that asked them to "affirm that 
the church does act appropriately and for 

the good of the people of God when it 
upholds and celebrates, in the name of 
Jesus Christ, any two persons who are 
willing to make a lifelong covenant of 
fidelity and love with each other." 

The resolution, proposed by Integrity, 
the organization for gay and lesbian 
Episcopalians, passed 91-55 in the cler- 
gy order but was clearly defeated by the 
laity in an uncounted standing vote. 

The Living Church 

Perry now at Berkeley 

The Very Rev. Charles A. Perry, who 
was for 12 years provost at the National 
Cathedral in Washington, is now presi- 
dent and dean of the Church Divinity 
School of the Pacific, the "Episcopal 
Seminary of the Pacific Rim," in Berke- 
ley, California. Perry, who left the ca- 
thedral in September, was in 1984 one of 
the leading candidates for bishop coad- 
jutor of the diocese of Virginia, in an 
election eventually won by the Rev. 
Peter James Lee of the Diocese of North 
Carolina. • 


LARC conference: moral dilemmas 

By Ed Devany 

The Trinity Center at Salter Path was 
the scene of the East V LARC (Luther- 
ans, Anglicans, and Roman Catholics) 
Ecumenical Conference, November 27 
and 28. Similar ecumenical efforts un- 
der the LARC heading-although not 
officially interconnected-have been 
taking place around the country the past 
7 years. Only 10 days earlier, at a LARC 
conference in Lynchburg, Virginia, a his- 
toric trilateral covenant listing 20 ways 
of increasing cooperation between the 
groups was signed by five Episcopal 
bishops, two Lutheran bishops, and three 
Catholic bishops, plus over 150 clergy 
and lay leaders. Dr. John Westerhoff, 
professor of theology at Duke Divinity 
School, who led the conference in ex- 
ploring the nature, making, and keeping 
of covenant, said, "This is very impor- 
tant. . . the first of its kind in the United 
States. . . and it could very well spread to 
other states." 

At Trinity Center, located in Carteret 
County on the Atlantic coast, LARC 
East V dealt primarily with problems 
shared by churches today as they face 
ever-increasing moral and ethical dilem- 
mas. Featured speaker Dr. Timothy F. 
Sedgewick, professor of Christian Ethics 
and Moral Theology at Seabury-Western 
(Episcopal) Seminary in Illinois, sees 
these problems rising out of rapidity of 
change, the mass media's outpouring of 
information, and diverse groups with 
diversity of understanding as to what is 
required by the moral life, with all of 
these elements fueled by pluralism. Dr. 
Sedgewick sees pluralism, which has 
overtaken the individualism of the past, 
as both a blessing (through increased 
acknowledgement of, and respect for, 
minorities) and a curse (in that it tends to 
undermine and erode authority). 

Ecumenical forces noted 

These common problems, met with 
varying strategies, are actually another 
ecumenical force, as viewed by Dr. 
Sedgewick: (1) scholarship in Christian 
Ethics at various divinity schools is very 
ecumenical today; (2) the way we make 
moral decisions is similar; and, (3) as we 
look across other traditions, our perspec- 
tives widen when we discover that our 
problems, and even our despairs, are not 
unique; (4) new insights are often found 
in reaction to other traditions. This last 
was effectively brought home in the 
number of clergywomen conducting, or 
participating in, the Episcopal services 
of Morning, Noonday, and Evening 
Prayer, and Compline. The Rev. Eliza- 
beth Grant from St. Luke's, Durham, the 
Rev. Jane Bruce, Good Shepherd, Rocky 
Mount, and the Rev. Keith Mathews of 

Trinity Parish, Scotland Neck, had a 
visibly positive effect on other confer- 
ence participants. 

In the three plenary sessions, Dr. 
Sedgewick spoke of understanding moral 
law from three perspectives-religious, 
civil, and pedagogical. 

Viewing moral law from the religious 

perspective revolves around the concepts 
of sin (i.e. wrong-doing, breaking the 
law), repentance, confession, forgive- 
ness, and reconciliation. Historically, 
the differences between the three com- 
munions were mostly differences of 
grammar and politics. The common 
ground was, and is, that God forgives 
without qualification. 

Changing definitions of sin 

But, defining sin changes with time. 
For example, usury (the lending of mon- 
ey for profit) was considered immoral in 
the Middle Ages, but now is considered 
an essential ingredient to capitalism 
(credit card, mortgages, etc.). The death 
penalty, once considered necessary is 
now widely considered unnecessary, 
while masturbation (once considered 
wrong) is now routinely considered part 
of normal sexual development, he 

In the discussion groups following, led 
by Bishops Williams (Episcopal, Suffra- 
gan, Diocese of North Carolina), Goss- 
man (Roman Catholic, Raleigh), and 
McDaniel (Lutheran, Salisbury), there 
was much frustration expressed over the 
changing definitions of sin. 

"Why should you repent something 
psychology tells you you can't help?" 
was one reaction. Another was how to 
forgive without condoning; and, in the 
face of mindless acts such as "wilding," 
which nobody seems to want to judge, 
"Where is the voice of the church?" 

Reflecting this same feeling, another 
group noted how people tended to dress 
up for church, but take their real lives to 
programs like 12-Step (where, one per- 
son noted, they're more likely to en- 
counter what the early church offered). 
"Perhaps liturgical rites are not reflecting 
reality," someone suggested. 

Reports summing up the groups' con- 

clusions expressed frustration over the 
loss of a sense of sin in modern society, 
a lack of evangelism about God's good- 
ness, a sense of failure as clergy (espe- 
cially in the area of teaching) and the 
difficulty of providing a moral stance, 
with society shifting so rapidly. 

Separating church and state 

In session two, dealing with the civil 
applications of moral law, Dr. Sedge- 
wick noted that years ago the church was 
assumed to be the soul of a nation and 
thus, for Christians, moral law had a ci- 
vil function. But now, with separation of 
church and state, people are no longer 
born into a church (as nationals). Church- 
es are voluntary associations which must 
appeal to people and reflect the values of 
the world at large. 

Responses to this situation range from 
evangelical fundamentalists on the right 
to secular humanists on the left. From 
the 1960's on, the fundamentalists have 
seen civil rights, gay and lesbian acti- 
vists, and other popular fronts, as attacks 
on the family and rebellion against God. 
It has pushed them into political activity, 
usually in direct confrontation with the 
left, where such groups as Unitarians and 
Jews place great value on acceptance 
and tolerance. In between these two 
forces are the magisterial (governed by 
bishops, etc.) churches-Lutherans, An- 
glicans, and Roman Catholics, made up 
of mixed memberships from both the left 
and the right. Often, the magisterial 

churches are influenced by this move 
from catholic to congregational (more 
separate, off to itself) worship, or toward 
"aesthetic sacramentalism" (worship 
built around mystery and relaxation, and 
a more personal relationship with God). 
Whatever, a void is created, into which 
come partisan voices taking ideological 
stances which create further disunity. 
The magisterial churches need to rethink 
how they relate to people today, whether 
to stress a sense of belonging (the church 

as a community of support) or of mean- 
ing. But, more than anything else, the 
church needs to teach. 

This latter led into the pedagogical 
approach to moral law, an area in which 
Anglicans are presently lacking, the 
speaker noted. Citing two Roman Cath- 
olic Pastorals from the 1980's, on peace 
and on economics, Dr. Sedgewick noted 
how the church effectively addressed 
key issues, both theologically and moral- 
ly. These teaching documents-put to- 
gether by teams of government, military, 
public, educational, and religious schol- 
ars-informed conscience and developed 
specific moral criteria, enlarging vision, 
and opening public debate. The very 
process of drafting these papers accom- 
plished more than any final statement 
ever could. 

The Lutherans, too, have addressed 
divisive issues for over 25 years- 1964, 
Employment; 1966, Poverty; 1972, Eco- 
logy; 1978, Aging, Older Adult; 1980, 
Economic Justice-in which they inform 
public debate. 

Politicizing the church 

The Episcopal Church, Dr. Sedgewick 
pointed out, tends to react after the fact. 
With the bishops bearing the burden of 
initiating reform to permit teaching, the 
House of Bishops needs to set up cor- 
porate studies, focus on fewer issues, 
while the national staff needs to support 
the bishops, instead of creating its own 
agenda. In Bishop Williams's group, 
Anglicans complained of overloaded 
agendas, and the politicizing of the 
church. "If you don't vote with the ma- 
jority, you're considered uninformed 
theologically," was one observation. 

"The secular world doesn't react be- 
cause we scatter-shot," Rev. John Arm- 
field noted, "People have gotten tired of 
our resolutions on everything." 

Bishop Williams recalled, "Back in 
the 1960's (Episcopal) pastoral letters 
helped race relations, but today pastorals 
are too big, and mostly ignored." 

Catholic clergy admitted that while 
they had stronger teaching authority, 
they had problems with dissent. On the 
other hand, a New York diocesan con- 
vention was so torn apart by dissent, 
they were driven to praying for their 
agenda and referring to scripture in order 
to dispel what had become an ugly, non- 
productive atmosphere. 

Agreeing with Dr. Sedgewick 's re- 
peated admonitions not to bring closure 
to issues too hurriedly, Bishop Williams 
told how Presiding Bishop Browning had 
kept two issues-whether to ordain ho- 
mosexuals, and whether to bless same 
sex unions-from coming to a vote for 6 
years, to keep dialogue going. 

"The conflict will increase," Dr. 
Sedgewick concluded. "The divisive- 





The Commission on 
Constitution and Canons 

The Commission is pleased by the corrected texts of 
the Constitution, Canons and Rules of Order as they 
now appear in the 1990 Journal. 

Amendments that will be proposed to the 1991 
Convention include the following: 

-Canon 12: To change the membership of the 
Constitution and Canons Commission by the 
addition of one lay member. 

-Canon 19: To revise the Canon so as to specify 
the manner in which vacancies in mission vestries 
shall be filled. 

-Canons 19 and 22: To add the provision that at 
least one week's notice is required for special 
congregational meetings of missions and parishes. 

Hunt Williams, Chair 

Commission on Historic 
St. Andrew's, Woodleaf 

The Sesquicentennial anniversary of St. Andrew's 
was observed during 1990. The annual Homecom- 
ing was held on the last Sunday in August to mark 
the 150th Anniversary of the Consecration of the 
Church in August, 1840, by Bishop Levi Silliman 
Ives, the second Bishop of North Carolina. The 
celebrant was the Rt. Rev. Huntington Williams, Jr. 
assisted by the Rev. Willis Rosenthal and the Rev. 
Claude Collins. Approximately 250 people at- 
tended and enjoyed a picnic lunch following the 

In the continuing celebration of St. Andrew's 
150 years the Rt. Rev. Robert Estill was present for 
the service of Evening Prayer in October. Follow- 
ing this service the Order of Holy Baptism was 
administered by Bishop Estill and The Rev. Claude 
Collins, rector of St. George's Church, Woodleaf. 
The candidate for Baptism was a fifth generation 
descendant of Cathew Rice, one of the founders of 
St. Andrew's. 

A book, St. Andrew's Episcopal Church, The 
Sesquicentennial, 1840-1990, has been written by a 
member of the St. Andrew's Commission. 

Guy Etheridge, Chair 

Armed Forces Commission 

Copies of the new edition of A Prayer Book for the 
Armed Forces (1988) are available without charge 
for distribution to parishioners serving in the uni- 
formed services of the United States. This edition, 
published for the Bishop for the Armed Forces, the 
Episcopal Church, is copyrighted by the Domestic 
and Foreign Missionary Society of the Episcopal 

The forms for Daily Devotions, the celebration 
of the Sacraments, the Psalms, and many of the 
other services and prayers in this book are reprinted 
from the Book of Common Prayer of the Episcopal 
Church. The corresponding material in Spanish is 
taken from El Libro de Oracion Comun, copyright 
1982 by the Church Pension Fund, and is used by 
permission. Other prayers are adaptations by the 
editor of prayers from earlier editions of this book 
and from other sources. The Bible Readings are 
adapted from the Revised Standard Version of the 
Bible, copyright 1946, 1952, 1957, and 1973 by the 


&&* a? 1! ~ -r - n — - 

Division of Christian Education of the National 
Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A. 
Hymns have been selected primarily for use in pri- 
vate devotion, rather than in public worhsip. Since 
they are intended to be used as prayers, instead of 
being sung, no music is provided. 

Five clergy requested nine copies of this shirt 
pocket size Prayer Book to send to their people on 
active duty. 

Walter D. Edwards, Jr. Chaplain, Major, USAF, 

Parish Grant Commission 

The Parish Grant Commission was established in 
1972 to encourage congregations of this diocese to 
become involved in social outreach programs in 
local communities. The intent was to provide con- 
gregations with seed money to initiate such pro- 
grams with special emphasis on congregational 
participation and ecumenical cooperation. 

The Commission meets four times during the 
year. At the end of the third quarter of 1990, the 
Commission has received thirteen applications and 
awarded eight grants. Congregations of all sizes 
submitted these application forms which are avail- 
able from the Diocesan House. The guidelines for 
the program indicate clearly that the vestry of the 
church must give approval to the program and then 
must submit a year-end evaluation of the program. 
The guidelines further stipulate that innovative pilot 
projects are particularly encouraged and that 
assurances are to be given that future funding has 
been considered. The Commission studies each 
application carefully to make certain that the 
program meets the criteria that has been set by the 

During the past year the Commission has been 
encouraged by the interest of the various congrega- 
tions that have applied for grants and the innovative 
programs which these congregations are beginning. 
It is obvious that the Episcopal churches are seeking 

to minister to the needs of their communities. 

The following grants have been made in 1990: 

"Caswell Parish Smoke Detector Project" $3,000 
St. Luke's, Yanceyville 

"Soup Kitchen" 
St. Thomas', Sanford 

"Young Life of Statesville' 
Trinity, Statesville 



"Emmanuel Stay-in-School Program" $3,000 

Emmanuel, Warrenton 

"Children's Place Day Care Center" $2,000 

St. David's, Laurinburg 

"Educational Strategies for Success" $3,000 

St. Ambrose, Raleigh 

"Project Open Door" 
St. Timothy's, Wilson 


"Person County Home Health and Hospice" $3,000 
St. Mark's, Roxboro 

The Reverend I. Mayo Little, Chairman 

AIDS Committee 

The AIDS Committee of the Diocese continues to 
marshal the love and pastoral concern of our 
congregations for persons affected by AIDS. In the 
year past we have focussed our energy in the 
following ways: 

-Retreats for persons with AIDS or HIV positive 

-The publication of a diocesan newsletter, "A 
Time for Healing" 

-Strengthening the network of Episcopal AIDS 
Committees in our convocations and parishes. 

-Planning several future conferences, including: 
-A retreat for professional caregivers who 

work with persons with AIDS (Fall, 1991) 
-A conference on housing options for persons 

with AIDS (Summer, 1991) 

-A conference on AIDS for youth, being 

studied in conjunction with the diocesan Youth 


As I reach the three-year mark of my work with 
this extraordinary committee, I am very grateful for 
the gifts and compassion of our committee 
members. I salute as well, the many persons in this 
Diocese who give of themselves to serve Christ in 
our sisters and brothers who are suffering with 
AIDS. The need is increasingly urgent and 

Yours faithfully, 

Henry N. Parsley, Chairperson 

Christian Social Ministries 

Christian Social Ministries is constituted to enable 
and advise parishes and missions around the Dio- 
cese in regard to doing Christian social ministry; to 
represent the Diocese in ecumenical and com- 
munity activity centered around peace and justice 
issues; to do direct advocacy work on behalf of the 
poor; to advise and counsel the Bishops, Diocesan 
staff, various Diocesan commissions and commit- 
tees regarding Christian social ministry; to act upon 
Episcopal Church USA and Diocesan Convention 
resolutions pertaining to Christian social ministry; 
and to hold up, at all times, the needs of the poor 
and disenfranchised in a prophetic way to the 
Church and to the world. 

The Christian Social Ministries Commission is 
comprised of the chair or a representative from each 
committee or commission related to Christian social 
ministry: Aging, AIDS, Peace Initiatives, Pastoral 
Concerns on Homosexuality, Farmworkers, 
Housing, Children's Issues, Legislative Lobbying, 
Economic & Criminal Justice, Central America, 

Hunger, Women's Issues, Alcohol & Drug, 

The Commission met nine times in 1990. 
Members of the Christian Social Ministries Com- 
missions of the three North Carolina dioceses met 
twice this year to share information and to work 
together on issues that face all three dioceses. 

A number of conferences, workshops, vigils and 
events were held throughout the year to advocate 
and educate for the needs of the poor and 

Ann Thompson, Chair 

''.' ') N 

D I O 


R T 

The Board of Directors of the 
Conference Center - 1990 

The year 1990 was a year of transition for the Camp 
& Conference Center - for its staff and for its Board 
of Directors. We began the year with our 
completed facility and a sizeable deficit. 

In February, Dick Hord resigned as Executive 
Director. The Board also met that month with a 
management consultant. We were immediately 
confronted with a number of policies and 
procedures that needed revision and change. At this 
meeting we developed a Mission Statement that 
says -"The Camp & Conference Center expresses 
the Mission and Ministry of the Diocese of North 
Carolina as a self-sustaining, hospitable community 
for all who come here." 

There may be some revision to this statement 
ahead, but basically it says what the board wants the 
center to be and it has served as a guide to all our 
decisions over the past year. At the writing of this 
report the Board of Directors is at work with 
revisions and additions to the Center's policies and 

A search committee for an Executive Director 
was appointed and spent several months screening 
applicants. John C. Koch began work at the Center 
on August 27, 1990, following the unanimous 
approval of the Board of Directors. 

The staff, under the supervision of the Rev. Fred 
Warnecke, carried on admirably during the six 
months we were without a director and the Board 
thanks each of them for their loyalty. 

During the past year, hundreds of our young 
people have attended one or more of the planned 
programs of the Youth Commission. The adult 
facilities have also been sufficiently used to bring 
the occupancy status to a near break-even position 
several months. With the aid of the Diocesan 
Supplement, we ended the year with an improved 
financial position. The Board feels we are on the 
road upward. More complete financial reports are 
available in other sections of the Journal. 

Our Executive Director and the Marketing & 
Sales Committee are exploring new avenues of pro- 
gramming. We still need the support of the people 
of the Diocese. We need each of you to serve in 
your congregations and communities as ambassa- 
dors of the Camp & Conference Center. You are on 
the scene when suggestions are made for a group to 
go off for a conference, business or sales meeting 
and we need to have you suggest our facility. Bear 
in mind our central location in the Diocese and the 
saving of gasoline in this high cost time. 

It is the goal of the Camp & Conference Center 
to become self-sustaining, but until that time we 
continue to have many needs that are not met by 
our budget. The new facilities were furnished with 
the barest essentials and we need to add to this 
equipment. V/e are also facing the need to refurbish 
our original facilities after ten years of use. Our 
Board of Visitors, which meets annually, has been 
generous with its gifts and has pledged $25,000.00 
to set up an open-ended endowment for the Center. 
The interest is to be administered at the discretion of 
the Board. 

It is exciting to see the changes taking place at 
Brown's Summit and I hope each of you will have 
the opportunity to attend an event there in the 
months ahead. 

In closing, I would like to express the thanks of 
the board to those members who rotate off this year. 
They are Frances Moser, Susan Smitherman, 
William Short, Larry Brown, Donald Fishbourne 
and George Holmes. 

Rose C. Flannagan, Vice-Chairman 

Thompson Children's Home 

The story of Thompson Children's Home is one of 
hope and love, a story made of building lives. But 
Thompson's story is sad, too. We would not exist 
at all were it not for some of society's worst ills, 
visited on its most innocent victims. 

The orphanage many of us knew years ago is 
gone forever, swallowed up by these newer diseases 

f 8B&7 / Sffir^ 


of neglect, abuse, and abandonment. Perhaps an 
alumnus said it best: '•Thompson no longer serves 
children orphaned by the death of their parents. 

The children today are usually orphaned by the 
behavior of their parents." 

To respond to the new needs of children in North 
Carolina, Thompson now operates child care pro- 
grams on two campuses. In Charlotte, we offer 
residential treatment for emotionally disturbed boys 
and girls ages five to 12. We offer afterschool and 
summer day camp programs for children whose 
parents work outside the home and weekend respite 
care for mentally retarded youth and youth adults. 
In addition, Thompson operates a group home in 
Goldsboro for preteen and teenage boys. 

In 1990, Thompson served a total of 225 
children and families, a 25% increase over recent 

The year has seen major program changes: 

-New Program Director Steve Sally implemented 
24-hour awake coverage in three cottages on our 
Charlotte campus and new staffing patterns on both 
the Charlotte and Goldsboro campuses. 

-There is now a comprehensive treatment plan 
for each child in our care, carefully monitored by a 
treatment team of professional staff. 

-The recreation program has been expanded to 
include more planned activities after school. There 
is a new Thompson basketball team called The 
Tigers, new crocheting and art classes. 

-Religious training remains an integral part of the 
children's healing process. St. Clare's Church 
(which worships in Thompson's Chapel of the Holy 
Family) and Thompson have joined together to 
search for a priest who can serve as rector for St. 
Clare's and chaplain for Thompson children and 
their families. Representing Thompson on the 
Search Committee are Charlotteans Ann Elliot (St. 
Martin's), the Rev. Henry Parsley (Christ Church), 
Julie Keith (St. Peter's), Henry Pharr (St. John's) 
,and William B. Moore, Thompson's Executive 

-Thompson has also become more active in the 
North Carolina Child Care Association. And, there 
has been increased emphasis on staff training in 
crisis intervention and other specialized services to 
troubled children. 

Volunteer recruitment and involvement were 
also high priorities in 1990. In the summer, Christ 
Church, Raleigh, issued a challenge grant of 
$16,840 which allowed Thompson to begin refur- 
bishing its 20-year-old Charlotte facilities. Painting 
in the cottages has been completed, and new fur- 
niture for the children's bedrooms is on the way. 
The new Bishop Thomas A. Fraser Activities Field 
is near completion. 

Thompson remains committed to meeting the 
needs of our state's children. Ted Rast (St. John's, 
Charlotte) leads a Long Range Planning Committee 
of our Board which is working to assess child care 
needs in North Carolina and to determine how 
Thompson can help meet these needs. 

We are limited only by the funds available to us. 
In 1990, voluntary giving accounted for 36% of our 
budget. This is, of course, a very volatile source of 
income. Due to the uncertainty of today's econ- 
omy, we have already cut expenses; but any further 
retrenchment will require a cutback in services. 
Yet, according to the North Carolina Advocacy In- 
stitute, 10,000 children are on a waiting list for 
admission to agencies like Thompson. 

Some things at Thompson remain unchanged. 
We are still a ministry of the Episcopal Church in 
North Carolina. Thompson is still a place where a 
child who thinks he can't do anything right, can. 
It's a place for contributors, volunteers, staff and 
children to come together to build a future, one 
child at a time. 

Evangelism and Renewal 

The Decade of Evangelism has begun-and the most 
common reaction may be-"so what?" We are very 
pleased to report that the Decade is real, and is 
having an impact. During 1990 we have received 
more requests for information than in any previous 
year. Programs were presented at nine churches 
within our diocese. Programs are already planned 
at three churches during 1991. Attendance at the 
various events has been excellent. Our fall 1990 

conference was attended by over 45 people from 
many congregations. 

Even with those favorable statistics it is essential 
to remember that we are not after numbers. Our 
primary concern must be spiritual growth. Conse- 
quently the very high interest level at these events is 
more important than the simple numbers. Episco- 
palians are asking about "evangelism" and "re- 
newal." Most Episcopalians are very leery of those 
words and very concerned that the church they love 
does not change into something else. They are 
excited to hear that evangelism is something that 
can be done by Episcopalians without becoming 
someone else. They are excited to hear that what 
we have to offer is exactly what God wants us to 
share, and exactly what many people in our com- 
munity are looking for. Our challenge is not to 
change the Episcopal church, but to become better 
at sharing it with others. And we must meet that 
challenge while always remembering that evange- 
lism is helping people become closer to Jesus 
Christ, and is not about making Episcopalians. 

The Evangelism and Renewal Commission has 
prepared a number of resources to assist individuals 
and congregations, including: 

- a 3-ring notebook with information about 20 
programs which is being distributed to all rectors 
and vicars; 

- the Evangelism Consulting Team who will help 
any congregation develop its unique ministries; 

- the well received Evangelism for Episcopalians 

- a manual on Nonverbal Communication, 
written by the Rev. John Campbell and available to 
all churches; 

- a sampling of church brochures which is 
available for loan; 

- the Family Enrichment Weekend materials 
(developed by Education and Training); 

- the excellent workshop, A PowerHouse of 
Prayer, which is offered by the Anglican Fellowship 
of Prayer. 

In addition to these new resources, a number of 
well known programs have continued their out- 
standing service to our diocese. 

Faith Alive has been extremely active this year 
and weekends are already planned for next year. 

Cursillo, New Beginnings, and Happening have 
held weekends which were full and frequently had 
waiting lists. 

The SSJE community at St John's House has 


been a source of strength and refreshment for many 

Other groups such as Daughters of the King, 
Brotherhood of St. Andrew, and Marriage 
Encounter provide important support opportunities. 

All of these programs would be impossible 
without many very fine people who do the neces- 
sary work. Serving with those on the Evangelism 
and Renewal Commission has been a great joy and 
will remain a very fond memory. 

Kenneth C. Kroohs, Chair 


D I O 

O N V 

N T I O N 

Church Deployment 

In 1990, the Church Deployment Commission ' 
continued to assist clergy in registering and up- 
dating with the Church Deployment Office (CDO) 
at the Episcopal Church Center in New York. In 
addition, full-time professional, especially musi- 
cians, Christian educators, and youth leaders, were 
the focus of the Commission's registration efforts. 

The Diocesan Deployment Officer worked with 
16 congregations in 1990 as they underwent search 
processes. The assistance provided by the North 
Carolina Episcopal Consultant Network has made 
congregations increasingly sophisticated as they 
attempt to call clergy; inevitably, this has led some 
individual clergy to experience the search process 
as tedious and adversarial. The same phenomenon 
is observed throughout the Episcopal Church, and 
interested parties await with anticipation the Church 
Deployment Board's report to General Convention 
on this subject in 1991. 

The Commission looks forward to continuing its 
assistance to the clergy and lay people of the 
Diocese in 1991. 

The Rev. William E. Smyth, Chair 

Commission on the Diaconate 

With the growth of the number of ordained deacons 
in the Diocese, the Commission on the Diaconate 
continues to oversee more and more activities. 
Harriette Sturgis became our 14th deacon trained in 
this diocese when she was ordained at St. Paul's 
Episcopal Church in Louisburg in June. 

The Deacon's Formation Program now includes 
two members from the Diocese of Southern 
Virginia who join our six members for study. One 
of the exciting changes in this program is the 
addition of a course in the final year taught by 
deacons on the ministry of the diaconate. We are 
very pleased that Earl Brill, who is retiring as 
chaplain at Duke University, will continue to serve 
as director of the Formation Program. 

An innovation to the deacons' duties has been 
the opportunity to travel with the Bishop as he 
makes his yearly visitations. The deacons perform 
their diaconal functions at the churches, reading the 
gospel, preparing the table, and giving the dis- 
missal. It is hoped these visits will give churches an 
opportunity to see deacons in action and to find out 
a little more about the diaconate program. 

Ordained deacons have also planned continuing 
education programs with Tom Feamster, who has 
joined them quarterly for a time of reflection and 
retrospection. They have also organized and 
attended a deacon-spouse weekend led by Bill and 
Cathy Coolidge. 

The Commission has tried to become more 
intentional in its support of the participants in the 
Formation Program. Each of the participants is 
paired with a member of the commission and has 
monthly contact with them. By becoming more 
aware of their needs and concerns, we will be able 
to bring them to the attention of the Commission. 

We are continuing to explore a spiritual 
development program for those who are in their 
internship year which would also be made available 
to other members of the Diocese. Some of the dea- 
cons will also be attending the biennial International 
Conference on the Diaconate which will be held in 
Spokane, Washington, in June of next year. 

The Rev. Patsy Walters, Chair 

Pastoral Concerns Committee 
on Homosexuality 

In 1990, the Pastoral Concerns Committee on 
Homosexuality concentrated its efforts in develop- 
ing its mission and objectives. This report ad- 
dresses that work. Our mission is " foster better 
understanding, dispel myths and prejudices about 
homosexuality, to provide pastoral support, and to 
give life to the claim of homosexual persons upon 
the love, acceptance and pastoral concern of the 

Church." These words come from the 1986 
Diocesan Convention resolution which created the 

Some myths about homosexuality reach back 
into antiquity; others are recent, but all of them need 
to be brought into the light of day. To this end, the 
Pastoral Concerns Committee: (a) provides outreach 
opportunities to the diocese whereby lesbian and 
gay persons share their life stories with parish fami- 
lies and other church groups and answer questions 
about the struggles of being both homosexual and 
Christian; (b) confers with the diocesan bookstore 
to make a selection of printed resources available; 
(c) submits articles by gay and lesbian persons to 
diocesan publications; and, (d) participates in 
diocesan functions in order to provide information 
and to provide support to those who request it. 

The Committee provides pastoral support to the 
Church and its clergy, and also to the gay/lesbian 
community: (a) while not affiliated with Integrity 
(the lesbian/gay ministry of the Episcopal Church), 
the Committee supports their goal of full inclusion 
within the church family and has provided them 
with the opportunity to have chaplains; (b) sponsors 
retreats and conferences involving speakers of 
national prominence; (c) provides lists of lay and 
clergy human resources throughout the diocese who 
can assist gay/lesbian persons and their friends and 
families with pastoral needs. 

The section of our mission "...and to give life to 
the claim of homosexual persons upon the love, 
acceptance, and pastoral concerns of the Church" 
entails practical applications of morality, sexuality, 
and spirituality. Instead of orthodoxy, it denotes 
orthopraxies. Gay and lesbian Christians are con- 
cerned with the same ultimate question of sexual 
morality as are heterosexual Christians: "What is 
the most moral and faithful way to express emotion- 
al and physical intimacy between two persons?" 
The church has long provided marriage as the an- 
swer for heterosexual persons. The members of this 
Committee, while not speaking on behalf of our 
Bishops or on behalf of our Diocese, firmly believe 
that when a union between two people of the same 
gender is based on mutual commitment-Jesus 
Christ being the center, source, and strength of the 
bond-with the intent that the commitment be life- 
long and exclusive of other persons, that it is a 
moral and Christian union, worthy of the love, ac- 
ceptance, and pastoral support of the church. The 
Committee believes that such unions should be 
recognized and fostered as responsible expressions 
of the variety of human love and nurturing with 
which the Creator has blessed us. We further be- 
lieve that any comparison of same gender relation- 
ships with heterosexual promiscuity or permissive- 
ness is patently unethical unless and until there is a 
sanctioned method of sexual expression between 
two persons of the same gender. 

The call to give life to the claim of homosexual 
persons upon the love, acceptance, and pastoral 
concerns of the church also calls upon the church to 
ordain "practicing" lesbian women and gay men as 
bishops, priests, and deacons. Just as black people 
and women needed black and female clergy to be 
"effective examples in word and action, in love and 
patience, and in holiness of life," so same-sex 
oriented people need clergy with whom they can 
identify. The implication of the current General 
Convention resolution on the ordination of 
homosexual persons is that the only way to be gay 
and be called is to be celibate for life. It attempts to 
dictate whom God can call. In the absence of a true 
vocation to celibacy, the resolution promotes a 
sexual repression which is just as psychologically 
unhealthy for clergy as for laity. 

These are unsettled questions. But rather than 
simply sitting back and waiting for answers, the 
members of this church have been challenged to 
actively "study, pray, listen to and share their 
convictions and concerns, their search for stable, 
loving and committed relationships, and their 
journey toward wholeness and holiness." (1988 
General Convention resolution D-120) 

Please join the Pastoral Concerns Committee in 
this pilgrimage of faith. 

Kent A. Otto, Chair 

Trustees of the Diocese of 
North Carolina 

March 6, /990: 

The Trustees of the Diocese executed on behalf 
of St. Barnabas Episcopal Church, 1300 Jefferson 
Road, Greensboro, North Carolina, a contract with 
Crest Construction Company, Inc., for the 
construction of a new administration building for St. 
Barnabas Episcopal Church at a contract price of 

The Trustees of the Diocese executed a 
Quitclaim Deed, upon the recommendation of the 
Chancellor of the Diocese, to Mr. Roldan conveying 
a tract of land in Monroe, North Carolina, which 
was conveyed to a former priest acting as Priest-in- 
Charge of St. Paul's Mission, Monroe, North 

March 23, 1990: 

The Trustees of the Diocese executed an appli- 
cation for a conditional use permit for a day care 
center at St. Christopher's Episcopal Church in 
Garner, North Carolina. 

With the written consent of the Bishop, the 
Trustees of the Diocese executed a letter to the 

Carolina, for construction of the Episcopal Farm- 
workers Ministry and Daycare Center for the sum of 

July 31, 1990: 

The Trustees of the Diocese listed the Rectory at 
1200 Raynor Street, Durham, for sale with Tom 
Hampton, Realtor, for a period of six months from 
March 19, 1990 for a price of $46,000 subject to the 
payment of the usual real estate commissions and 
closing cost. 

The Trustees of the Diocese agreed to sell to Mr. 
and Mrs. Fletcher King at a price of $44,000 cash 
subject to real estate commissions and closing cost 
Mission property at 1 109 Raynor Street, Durham, 
North Carolina. 

A. L. Purrington Jr. 

Hunger Commission 

Nineteen-ninety has been a year of transition, pro- 
gression, and soul searching for members of the 
Hunger Commission. Many members have ceased 
to be a functional part of the body, while the com- 

ip)B i. 

Charlotte Mecklenburg Hospital Authority con- 
senting to the sale by the Authority at a fair market 
value of the property on which formerly stood the 
Good Samaritan Hospital and on which, with the 
prior consent of the Diocese, the Authority has been 
operating a nursing or rest home with the agreement 
of the Authority to apply the proceeds of said sale 
to the acquisition and improvement of land in 
Huntersville, North Carolina, and to relocate the 
nursing or rest home there for the purposes or uses 
set forth in the definition of "hospital facilities" 
contained in General Statutes 130E-16(15) or 
"health care facilities" contained in North Carolina 
General Statutes 131A-3(4). 

April 26, 1990: 

The Trustees of the Diocese gave their permis- 
sion to the congregation of All Saint's Church, 
Warrenton, North Carolina, to reestablish and oper- 
ate the Child's Care Center that had been closed. 
This permission is given with the understanding that 
the Church now has people with the proper creden- 
tials to operate the Center and that it will be operat- 
ed under the laws of the State of North Carolina and 
the Canons of the Episcopal Diocese of North 

May 8, 1990: 

The Trustees of the Diocese executed a Lease 
Agreement with Tara Waynene Mattison to operate 
a day care center upon parts of the Mission Parish 
House and yard in Garner, North Carolina, at a 
monthly rental of $700 for the first year with future 
rent to be agreed upon. 

July 24, 1990: 

The Trustees of the Diocese executed a contract 

dated the day of June, 1990, between the 

Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina and J. L. 
Brown Builders of Route 4, Box 126, Dunn, North 

mitment and dedication of others has waned. As we 
come to the close of this year, we are able to reflect 
on both moments and events of joy and sadness. 

We began the year on a note of joyous 
thanksgiving, a very positive plane, with the sharing 
of the convention luncheon where more than 450 
delegates came together to listen to Mrs. Annie 
Sherrill Brown give us a message on love, and 
suffering of the homeless and the hungry, not only 
locally but also on global level. 

Our newsletter, "Food for Thought," was 
published and brought varied responses from its 
circulation around the diocese. One fellow com- 
mission member helped establish a "Soup Kit- 
chen" in Sanford. The Commission helped to co- 
sponsor a dynamic conference, "Beyond Charity," 
in Winston-Salem. Many members participated in 
local projects and programs related to hunger and 
the nourishment of the flock. 

After our overnight in February at Browns 
Summit, we made plans for our projects and goals 
throughout the year. We considered our need to 
communicate with other commissions and com- 
mittees to see if we could be of use or support in 
any of their programs. Members of our commission 
have volunteered their services to these various 

Our Diocese is doing a great deal of work to 
assist in the fight against hunger and to devise 
effective ways in which each parishioner may help 
daily in the fight against hunger. 

Presently, we are working on fine-tuning the 
convention luncheon, which will be held in Durham 
in January. We have lined up guest speakers and a 
friend of the speakers who is in our area to intro- 
duce them. The luncheon theme this year will 
center around problems of hunger in the Middle 

The sad note of our commission is that we have 
lost to other commitments not only our fearless and 
tireless chairperson of long standing but several 
other very enthusiastic and hard working persons. 


D I O 

A N 

O N V 

N T I O N N 

R T 

We wish them well in their present endeavors, but 
their contributions to the commission are sorely 

The working commission at present is still 
dedicated to educating and enlightening the general 
public to the extent of hunger at home and abroad. 
We encourage people everywhere to do what they 
can to combat hunger and eradicate this problem. 
We could all learn to eat less, share more, and find 
ways and ideas to help. Much is being done, but an 
even greater amount must be done before a sizable 
dent can be seen in this worldwide problem. 

Julia Williams Davis 

Communications Commission 

With the stated purpose of providing direction to 
communications efforts in the Diocese that enhance 
and spread the work of the church in Jesus Christ, 
and of supporting the work of the Diocesan Com- 

bishops, between Episcopalians and the Diocese. It 
is vital because it is the major vehicle for communi- 
cating the church's ministries. It has been a news- 
paper of high quality, winning six awards from the 
Associated Church Press and one from the Episco- 
pal Communicators this year. 

So it was with great shock and sorrow that we 
were informed of the elimination of the full-time 
job of Diocesan Communications Officer at the 
September budget meeting of the Department of 
Mission and Outreach. The plan was to combine 
the role of Communicant editor with the job of pro- 
gram director, making the editorship a part-time 
job. John Justice left the Diocesan office in Octo- 
ber. At that time. Commission member Ted Malone 
became interim editor, to oversee publication of The 
Communicant until a permanent arrangement could 
be made. 

At its meeting in November, the Commission 
discussed its future role with Bishop Estill. The 
Bishop charged the group with compiling sugges- 
tions for a job description for Communicant editor. 
We submitted to him and Diocesan Council a 

munications Officer, the Communications Com- 
mission met five times during the year at Diocesan 
House in Raleigh. We began the year with eleven 
members, including the Communications Officer. 

Responding to requests for improved communi- 
cation in the Diocese that were expressed at a 
meeting of the Mission and Outreach Department in 
September 1989, the Commission began the year 
with a look at the overall communication tools of 
the Diocese, including the many publications that 
are sent out in addition to The Communicant. Work 
was begun on a survey of The Communicant's 
readership, with the help of a professional market- 
ing and research company. A questionnaire was 
drawn up and revised and a cover letter and 
reminder card were prepared. 

Several other issues were discussed and 
considered during the year: 

- the introduction of brief commission reports 
and of a liturgical column as regular features of The 
Communicant, as part of John Justice's continuing 
improvement of communication through the news- 

- the possibility of accepting advertising in The 

- i pilot communications program that John 
Justice and Trinity Parish in New York were con- 
sidering, to use computers and other technology to 
strengthen communications in North Carolina 

- a consultant's recommendations for improving 
procedures used in publishing the Diocesan Journal; 

- videotaping of Diocesan functions, which the 
Communications Commission has done in the past 
but which we felt would now be better managed by 
another group; 

- producing an audio tape of Bishop Estill's 
Lenten series on what Episcopalians believe, which 
would be duplicated for distribution to new 

The Commission considers The Communicant to 
be a vital unifying element in this Diocese. It is the 
only publication that goes to the homes of all mem- 
bers, and it is the primary connection, besides the 

statement of purpose for communications and 
suggestions for the editorial position. As we looked 
ahead, we realized that, though The Communicant 
may not achieve its past levels of excellence with a 
part-time editor, it does have the potential to help 
the Diocese become an informed and lively 
community of Christians. We hope to continue our 
work in support of that goal. 

Judy Lane, Chairperson 

Committee of Friends of 
St. Mary's Chapel 

Services: On Sunday, January 20, 1989, the St. 
Mary's Open House was a very significant occur- 
rence and marked the beginning of a new era; it 
marked and celebrated the completion of the resto- 
ration of the interior of St. Mary's Chapel-an ac- 
complishment 37 years in the making! It was in 
1952 that the St. Mary's Grange initiated the annual 
homecoming that has been held each year since and 
that started the chain of events that brought about 
this historical accomplishment. With this achieve- 
ment entered the era of services being possible at 
any time-a goal of long-standing. Since the interior 
restoration has been completed the following events 
and services have taken place: 

March 30, 1989 - North Carolina Natural History 
Association Tour 

May 25, 1989 - St. Mary's Country Day School 

September 23, 1989 - Historians of the Episcopal 
Diocese of North Carolina Toured 

October 1, 1989 - Homecoming 

October 14, 1989 - Wedding 

October 15, 1989 - Christening 

December 23, 1989 - Christening - Burns 

May 24, 1990 - St. Mary's Country Day School 

October 14, 1990 - Homecoming 

Financial Activity and Contributions: From 
1967 to 1980, Friends of St. Mary's gave approxi- 
mately $15,000. In 1980, contributions slightly 
exceeded $21,000. In 1981, The Chapel fund 
received from the Diocese the proceeds of the sale 
of land to the St. Mary's Country Day School, at an 
earlier date, in the amount of $5,900. Receipts from 
a fund-raising letter and the annual homecoming 
service in 1981 were approximately $2,500. During 
1982, through Homecoming Day, receipts were 
about $5,000. In June of 1983, an anonymous do- 
nor offered to contribute $2,500 if matching money 
was contributed by others. This goal was met and 
resulted in a little over $5,000 being contributed. In 
1984 contributions were $2,880, and a total of 
$2,021 was received in 1985. 1986-1989 contribu- 
tions were approximately $5,000, plus memorial 
contributions to the Wallace Bacon Fund of $1,700 
in 1988. One other significant source of funds for 
more recent restoration work was from proceeds of 
a $500 Webb Trust established in 1937. This $500 
gift has been "at work" in the Diocesan invest- 
ments over the years and made a $5,000 contribu- 
tion to the last major phase of work on the interior 
of the Chapel. 

Progress and Proposed Goals: With the interior 
restoration complete, attention has turned again to 
goals outside the Chapel building. Appropriately, 
the St. Mary's Committee approved that the memo- 
rial funds honoring Wallace Bacon be used to build 
brick steps with iron rails. Projects pertaining to the 
roadway, the cemetery, the yard, and the outside of 
the building will be pursued in the months ahead. 

Mrs. Wallace Bacon, Chair & Dr. Polly Roberts, 
Vice Chair 

Stewardship Committee 

When money is your god, you are never going to be 
fulfilled, you are never going to be happy because 
no matter how much you have, it is not enough. 
- Ted Turner 

Each of us will one day be judged by our 
standard of life - not by our standard of living; by 
our measure of giving - not by our measure of 
wealth; by our simple goodness - not by our 
seeming greatness. - William Arthur Moore 

The Stewardship Commission has built upon the 
considerable work done in earlier years of its exis- 
tence. Participation on our Commission has been 
rich and widespread. Membership has been far 
more demanding than would be the case with an 
advisory board. Everyone has contributed to the 
expanding and deepening endeavors of this 

We have moved effectively through transitions 
of leadership and membership. Departures of the 
chair last year and of the Archdeacon this year have 
been negotiated, not without discomfort, yet with 
commitment and enthusiasm for our tasks. The 
linking of Land Stewardship with our Commission 
has spawned a broadening of our focus. This 
perspective on stewardship has enriched our work 
and is now denoted under the heading of "environ- 
mental concerns." We have geared ourselves to 
two major assignments that will be published early 
next year. Two members - Norm Wood and Lape 
Smith - have generated most of the content for a 
North Carolina Plan for Stewardship. Drawing 
from plans birthed by other dioceses and from 
extensive experience and reflection on the subject, 
they have provided our Commission with the sub- 
stance that will be born as our own plan. Three 
other members - John Akers, Scott Evans, Steve 
Van Westendorp - have composed a draft of envi- 
ronmental guidelines for the diocese and congrega- 
tions. Their creation will soon be shaped and honed 
by the entire Commission from which will come a 

document that we hope will carry the force of 
Diocesan endorsement and acceptance throughout 
the churches. 

We have boldly stated the important place we 
assume in the Diocese. It is imperative that the 
Church move aggressively into the arena of the en- 
vironment and that the Church continue to address 
the seductions of comfort and money. Both em- 
phases we discern to be in keeping with the witness 
of Scripture and the life of Jesus. 

In addition to these new ventures under way we 
have sustained the practice of providing guidance 
and resources. From the Diocesan House to the 
Commission itself, members have given teaching 
and led training designed to support a spirit of 
generous stewardship. The annual stewardship 
conference offered regionally at three different sites 
received for the most part rave reviews. We are 
already excited about the conference upcoming 
when the genius of Bob Bonner from the national 
stewardship office of our Church is ours March 1-2, 
1991, at the Conference Center. A day event en- 
titled "Preaching the Every Member Canvas" was 
held last fall. It too was accorded acclamation by 
participants who numbered many more than 

Primarily this commission is not so much about 
checkbooks and waste disposal as it is about con- 
version. We are convinced that establishing a 
climate wherein hearts and minds can be changed 
through the working of the Holy Spirit will suffice 
toward the resolution of financial and environ- 
mental issues. Money and sound ecological be- 
havior proceed from and emerge during conversion. 
Workshops and conferences this commission has 
sponsored are intended to achieve this goal. We 
have been enlivened by our service for this Diocese. 
We trust that others have been also. 

Every day I live 1 am more convinced that the 
waste of life lies in the love we have not given, the 
powers we have not used, the selfish prudence that 
will risk nothing and which, shirking pain, misses 
happiness as well. - Mary Chomondeley 

W. Verdery Kerr, Chair 


C I A L 

A N 

C O N V 

N T I O N 

Youth Commission 

The Youth Commission, and young people through- 
out the Diocese of North Carolina, have experi- 
enced another exciting year in 1990. We are in a 
period of growth that is healthy and challenging, 
and we are thankful for the overwhelming 
enthusiasm, support, and hard work fork from all 
over the Diocese that makes this growth possible. 

Frances Payne, our Coordinator for Youth 
Ministries, became full-time in her position during 
1990. The office for Youth Ministries moved out of 
her living room and into Cranmer House in Dur- 
ham. Both of these changes have served to 
strengthen our youth program. 

In 1989, we moved into the new Youth Facility 
at the Conference Center; in 1990 it became 
"home," and it already feels like a very special 
place to many of our young people. 

Our first summer of a full camp program was 
very successful. Children and young people from 
fourth through twelfth grade, for a total of 212 
participants, attended the first sessions of Junior 
Camp, Middlers Camp, and Senior Camp, and the 
return of Choir Camp, H.U.G.S., and Urban Plunge. 
Each session was led by a volunteer clergy director 
who was assisted by a team of young people and 
adults. Four paid counselors were an indispensable 
part of the summer personnel. This first summer 
was a real learning experience for all involved. 
Because of the great demand placed on the paid 
staff in 1990, next year we plan to expand the staff 
to ten paid people, including a Camp Coordinator 
and a Camp Nurse. 

The conference program during the school year 
saw growth and change as well. Conferences 
offered during 1990 included the Winter Confer- 
ence and Fall Conference for grades 9-12, Middlers 
Conference for grades 6-8, and the Spring Confer- 
ence for grades 6-12, as well as two work week- 
ends. The participation in these events has expand- 
ed to touch more people in the middle grades, a 
wider number of congregations represented, more 
minority participation, and an increasing number of 
"first-timers" at each conference. With more than 
2300 names on the mailing list, many lives are 
being touched by these programs. Next year's 
conference calendar will look a little different than 
in the past. It will include a Winter and a Fall 
Conference for Middlers only, a Winter and Fall 
Conference for Senior High only, the Bishop's Ball 
and Spring Conference for grades 6-12, and two 
work weekends. 

There are many adults and young people who 
participated in Youth Ministry events beyond the 
borders of our Diocese. Eighteen people attended 
the E.Y.E. (Episcopal Youth Event) at the Univer- 
sity of Montana in August. Sara Atkins is serving as 
the Youth Representative from our Diocese to the 
Province IV Youth Ministry Network. And many 
young people and adults have served on the staffs 
and been participants at the Junior and Senior 
Young People's Conferences, Winterlight, and 
Adults Who Work With Youth Conference at 
Kanuga. There were also youth trips to Honduras 
and Belize during the summer. 

Young people are involved in many aspects of 
the life of our Diocese. There are youth representa- 
tives to several Diocesan commissions, and young 
people are serving on vestries and as delegates to 

Another exciting development is the growth in 
the number of full- and part-time professional 
Youth Ministers being employed by congregations 
in our Diocese. The Youth Ministry Professionals 
have begun meeting as a group for support, net- 
working, training, and exchanging ideas. 

The future of Youth Ministry in the Diocese of 
North Carolina is bright. We will strive to continue 
to provide quality programming during the school 
year and the summer, to be a resource and support 
to the youth ministry programs at the congrega- 
tional level, and to challenge young people to 
discover and develop their ministries and their 
rightful place in the Body of Christ. 

Kat Hardy, Chair 


Central American Commission 

The Central American Commission again this year 
concentrated its work in the southwestern part of 
Honduras - the tip of Honduras that is between 
Nicaragua and El Salvador. 

We are continuing to work with several small 
farm cooperatives. Two groups went to the area 
this year, an adult trip in March and a youth trip in 
July. The adult trip was headed by Dr. Jeff Boyer, 
an anthropology professor at Appalachian State 
University. Prior trips into this area enabled this 
group to be prepared to get right to work with the 
campesinos. Checking on a women's co-op store 
that we had funded the creation of the year before, 
they found the store to be small but growing and 
filling a great community need. Libby Evans of 
Southern Pines took donated sewing supplies and 
material. Utilizing sewing machines that were 
already in the villages, she was able to teach the 
women of two co-ops how to make dresses. The 
dresses were sold in Choluteca to purchase more 
fabric. Thus the creation of two new cottage 
industries. Nancy Hillman, a nurse from Pittsboro, 
took medical supplies and assisted the co-ops with 
their medical needs. Margo Tesch also from 
Pittsboro assisted the leaders of the co-ops with 
their bookkeeping skills. This was another project 
started in previous trips. The adult group also left 
money to assist the co-ops in extending the time 
necessary to sell their cash crops therefore enabling 
the farmers to get a better price. All these are an 
effort to assist the co-ops in breaking their cycle of 

The youth trip was led by Meredith Patterson of 
Burlington and the Rev. Verdery Kerr of Reidsville. 
This group spent a week in El Corpus where each 
lived with a Honduran family. Even though lan- 
guage was a barrier, by the end of the week close 
relationships had developed. Working with 
Honduran youth and adults, this group painted a 
school and cleared a field for the school's future 
recreational use. The youth took donated medicine 
and medical supplies to the hospital in Choluteca 
and gave money to a church in Guasaule to help 
with finishing their building. After this group 
returned home, they sent money back to Honduras 
for a lifesaving operation for a young girl whom 
they had met. 

Both groups took much needed Spanish lan- 
guage school books and supplies, clothing, sewing 
materials and recreation equipment. 

We feel we must place a warning to parents who 
are thinking of sending their children on such a trip. 
It has been reported that the youth return with a 
different set of priorities and an outlook on life that 
affects the rest of their lives. They have even been 
known to question their parents' lifestyle. For your 
own protection, join one of our adult trips. Who 
knows what might happen? 

William Bryant 

Secretary of the Diocese 

The principal duties of the Secretary of the Diocese 
are to record the proceedings of the annual Con- 
vention; to prepare and edit the Journal of Conven- 
tion and ready it for publication; to record and 
distribute the minutes of all Council meetings; to 
distribute all the pre-Convention notices required by 
the canon. 

This first year of the job was made less 
problematical for me because the Reverend Neff 
Powell was a gracious and patient mentor in 
teaching me the ropes. Annette Hemmer was both 
indispensable and indefatigable in keeping the data 
bank current and in producing the tons of paper- 
work required. John Justice, the consummate 
editor, did the lion's share of readying the Journal 
for the printer, and always behind the scenes was 
the quiet work of our wizard of graphic design, 
Mary Sox. 

The primary procedural change instituted this 
year was to request that Rectors, Vicars, or Senior 
Wardens-in-charge of congregations compute the 
number of lay delegates for Convention according 
to the formula outlined in Canon One, Section 2. 
The result was to locate responsibility for this task 
at the local level, closest to the sources of accurate 

Meetings of the Council were held on February 
11-12 (Camp and Conference Center); April 2 
(Diocesan House); June 1 1 (Camp and Conference 
Center); October 8 (Camp arid Conference Center); 
and December 3 (Diocesan House). The Secretary 
attended all but the June meeting when he was 
away on sabbatical study leave and was ably 
replaced by Letty J. Magdanz as amanuensis. 

William S. Brettmann 


During the calendar year 1990, the Chancellor 
attended and acted as parliamentarian at the Dio- 
cesan Annual Convention; served throughout the 
year on the Commission on Constitution and Can- 
ons; prepared the required request to the various 
Standing Committees of the Church for their con- 
sent to the consecration of the Suffragan Bishop; 
participated in his consecration service; revised the 
document of approval of the sale by Charlotte of the 
downtown site of Good Samaritan Hospital and its 
relocation to Huntersville as a nursing or rest home; 
advised a priest as to a subpoena that if answered 
might compromise his clergy/parishioner confi- 
dential relationship; advised an inquiring parish- 
ioner the rights of the Rector vis a vis Vestry; ex- 
pressed my opinion that Thompson Orphanage 
should comply with the Bishop and Standing Com- 
mittee consent provisions of the canons in real 
estate matters; monitored the conclusion of a trust 
under the will of Carol S. Mayer and the receipt by 
the Diocese of assets therefrom; advised the Epis- 
copal Farmworker Ministries Committee against 
efforts to incorporate separately its work; at the 
Bishop's request corresponded with the Diocese of 
Chicago concerning canons on marriage, divorce 
and annulment; at the Bishop's request examined 
and approved revised bylaws of a parish; examined 
and suggested revisions of a proposed donation 
document for use by The Opportunity Fund bene- 
fiting the Conference Center; consulted with and 
advised members of the Conference Center Board 
and of the Department of Property Management 
concerning (1) liability insurance for the Confer- 
ence Center "ropes" course and (2) my opinion 
that the terms and conditions of employment of 
Conference Center personnel is the responsibility of 
the Conference Center Board and need not be 
identical with those of Diocesan House employees; 
monitored the caveat proceeding against the will of 
Winslow W. Smith under which the Diocese is a 
beneficiary; at various other times conferred with 
and gave advice to the Bishop, the Suffragan Bish- 
op, the Diocesan Business Administrator, other 
Diocesan officials, clergy and lay people on a great 
many matters, both legal and otherwise, arising in 
the administration of Diocesan and parochial 

Joseph B. Cheshire Jr., Chancellor 

The Commission on 
Ecumenical Relations 

National Highlights 

At the first meeting of the COCU Enablers in Chi- 
cago on February 27, Christopher Agnew, Associ- 
ate Ecumenical Officer, reported that the 1991 
General Convention would most likely be asked to 
call for a study of Churches in Covenant Commun- 

A meeting of the North American Anglican-Old 
Catholic Dialogues was held from February 12-14, 
1990. The Dialogues reviewed the implications of 
the planned ordination of women by the German 
Old Catholic Church and the implications of the 
Eucharistic hospitality between the Episcopal 
Church and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in 

The Standing Commission on Ecumenical 
Relations (SCER) met Feb 21-23 and discussed 
possible goals for the next Triennium: studies of the 
COCU documents, study of a new document on 
Mutual Recognition and Reconciliation of 
Ministries from the Lutheran-Episcopal Dialogues, 
and consideration on a Study on the Validity of 
Anglican Orders from ARC. 

At this year's National Workshop on Christian- 
Jewish Relations in November, members of the 
SCER and Evangelism and Renewal Commission 
addressed concerns expressed that the Decade of 
Evangelism might be used to proselytize Jews. 

Local Highlights 

The Diocese of North Carolina was well represent- 
ed at the National Workshop on Christian Unity. 
The Episcopal Diocesan Ecumenical Officers 


A N 

O N V 


R T 

EDEO) 16th Annual Meeting, the National Work- 
shop on Jewish- Relations, and at the Annual Meet- 
ing of the Synod of the Mid-Atlantic, Presbyterian 
Church, USA (at their invitation and fully funded 
by the Mid-Atlantic Synod). 

The Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina and the 
Roman Catholic Diocese of Raleigh continue to 
explore the possibility of establishing one or more 
shared parishes to be located in the fast-growing 
areas of North Raleigh and environs. Several 
inquiries have suggested the initiation of studies 
which might demonstrate the need for the formation 
of several Lutheran -Episcopal parishes around the 

The fifth in a series of Lutheran/Anglican/Roman 
Catholic overnight conferences was held in late 
November at Trinity Conference Center, Salter Path 
(subject: Moral Decision-Making as a basis for 
Ecumenical Dialogue-Dr. Timothy Sedgwick, 

The Commission on Ecumenical Relations is 
also responsible for our relationship with the North 
Carolina Council of Churches, of which the diocese 
is a member. 

The commission invites your inquiries and 
questions about ecumenical affairs and concerns. 
Speakers on the current ecumenical scene are 
available upon request. Inquiries may be addressed 
to the Ecumenical Officer, 200 Hayes Rd., Chapel 
Hill, NC 27514. 

The Rev. Timothy E. Kimbrough, Ecumenical 

Commission on Liturgy 

January 13. Sponsored Workshop on Supplemental 
Liturgical Texts at Church of the Good Shepherd, 
Asheboro, attended by some 90 persons from 20 
congregations. Workshop leaders were Byron 
Stuhlmann and Victoria Jamieson Drake. 

January 25-27. Planned and assisted with daily 
services and convention Eucharist at the Adams 
Mark Hotel, Charlotte, for the 174th Annual Con- 
vention. A choir of singers from Charlotte area 
churches sang the opening Evensong. 

January 29. Represented at evaluation session 
of executive board of ADLMC (Association of 
Diocesan Liturgy and Music Commissions) at Perth 
Amboy, New Jersey. 

February 9. Winter meeting at the Conference 
Center, Browns Summit. 

March 20-21. Assisted with liturgies at Clergy 
Retreat, at Browns Summit. 

April 28. Planned and assisted with the Con- 
secration to the Episcopate of Huntington Williams 
Jr., at Duke University Chapel, Durham. 

April 29. In cooperation with the 200th Anni- 
versary Planning Committee, planned and assisted 
with the Festival Service at Calvary Church, Tar- 
boro. The Presiding Bishop was the preacher, and 
all the Bishops in North Carolina participated in the 

May 21. In cooperation with the steering com- 
mittee, assisted with planning of the Altar Guild 
Festival held at the Conference Center, and planned 
and assisted with the Ascension Day Eucharist cele- 
brated by the Bishop. 

June 9. Planned and assisted with the Diocesan 
Ordination Service of Harriette Sturges, as a 
Deacon, at Saint Paul's Church, Louisburg. 

June 17-22. Sponsored the annual Worship and 
Music Camp for Children at Browns Summit, with 
some 60 children attending. Leaders of choir camp 
were the Rev. Timothy E. Kimbrough, director, the 
Rev. Richard H. Callaway, assistant director, the 
Rev. Thomas J. Garner, chaplain. Directors of the 
music program were James H. Padgett and Sister 
Helena Marie, CHS. 

October 1-3. Assisted with services at the annual 
clergy conference at The Conference Center. 

October 9. Held its regular autumn meeting at 
The Conference Center. 

October 13. In consultation with the Bishop and 
the Youth Commission, planned and assisted with 
the annual Acolytes Festival Eucharist at Duke 
University Chapel. The Rt. Rev. Huntington 
Williams Jr. was the preacher. 

November 5-8. Commission was represented at 
the annual meeting of ADLMC at New Brunswick, 
New Jersey. 

Throughout the year the Commission has con- 
sulted with clergy and congregations about litur- 
gical and musical concerns. These have included 
addresses, classes and workshops, and assistance 
with planning for services of ordination to the 
diaconate and priesthood, the celebration of a new 
ministry, and the visitation of the bishop. The 
Commission has also contributed a monthly 
column, "Asked at the Church Door." to The 
Communicant, as a forum for liturgical questions 
and concerns. 

The Rev. Philip R. Byrum. Chair 

The Episcopal Church Women 

Headlining this report are newsworthy events from 
the ECW calendar year 1990: 

1. Our first 1-day Annual Meeting was well 
received both as a feasible format and as an option 
for future use. 

2. Our Executive Board made the decision to 
offer our usual Spring Seminars for Service as an 
adjunct to the traditional 2-day Annual Meeting this 
coming spring. This is an experiment with possible 
implications for the future. 

3. We made our first pledge payment to our own 
national ECW organization and offered to this dio- 
cese for the first time an educational seminar devel- 
oped by the national ECW - "Women of Vision." 

4. In May we sponsored a successful Altar Guild 
Festival for the "liturgical enrichment" of the 
diocese. Over 150 attended this 1-day event at the 
Camp and Conference Center. We hope to offer 
this every third year in the future. 

5. We had a modest but certifiable increase in 
the number of ECW Branches in this diocese and in 
the number of women attending same. 

6. ECW Branches in the Diocese of North Caro- 
lina donated over $300,000.00 to the approximately 
180 different recipients listed in our Yearbook. 
These gifts were made across the street as well as 
across the globe. 

7. We budgeted less than $10,000.00 for the 
maintenance and administration of our diocesan 
organization. We will still end 1990 with surplus 
funds, which will be used for additional outreach. 
We are fully funded by our membership. 

An awkward aspect of an ECW report at cal- 

endar year end is that our organizational year runs 
from Annual Meeting in April to the next April. 
Our fiscal year, however, is the calendar year. Any 
specific financial information contained herein is 
from 1989, for which we have a complete and 
audited statement. 

From our ECW diocesan budget, we gave over 
$10,000.00 in this diocese to: The Thompson 
Home, Penick Home, St. Augustine's and St. 
Mary's Scholarship Funds, Youth Scholarship 
Funds for use at the Camp and Conference Center. 
Farmworkers' Day Care Center, Blue Cross/Blue 
Shield Caring Program for Children, and the Lex 
Mathews' Scholarship Fund - with the Commission 
on Women's Issues we happily announce the 
awarding of 1 1 scholarships this year. And from 
two of the oldest agencies affiliated with ECW, 
United Thank Offering and Church Periodical Club, 
funds were received. Both UTO grant requests, an 
Intergenerational Day Care Center sponsored by the 
Penick Home and "Books as Bridges" sponsored 
by Motheread, Inc., submitted by Bishop Estill, who 
was assisted by an ECW committee in grant eval- 
uation, were funded. CPC disbursed $1,942.00 to 
seminarians and vocational diaconate students. 

Additionally and traditionally the ECW of the 
Diocese of N.C., in 1990: 

1. Selected as its theme "As the Father has sent 
me, so I am sending you" (John 20:21B), thereby 
supporting the Decade of Evangelism decreed for 
all Episcopalians. 

2. Introduced this theme at our annual ECW 
Worship Retreat in Feb. conducted by the Rev. 
Anna Louise Pagano at the Camp and Conference 

3. Developed theme at Spring Seminars, held in 
four locations in the diocese. 

4. Heard Bishop Don A. Wimberly's treatment 
of theme at Annual Meeting in Burlington at the 
Church of the Holy Comforter. 

5. At Annual Meeting we formally resolved that 
we would make "healing and caring for God's 
creation to be a top priority for the decade of the 

6. Sent 6 delegates to the Province IV Women's 
Conference, and 1 to the Provincial Altar Guild 
meeting, in June at Kanuga. There Scott Evans was 
the keynote speaker on "Caring for God's cre- 
ation" and June Gregory was one of the principals 
in planning. 

7. Sponsored our annual Fall Seminar with guest 
lecturer, Dr. James Efird, who presented "The 
Church In/Versus the World. . . A study of 1st 

8. In the fall, most of the convocations held their 
required annual business meeting. 

9. Published, and distributed - 4 issues, of Patch- 
work, to app. 1,000 recipients - and app. 500 copies 
of our Yearbook, which includes numerous contacts 
in 122 parishes. With no permanent paid clerical 
staff, this in itself is an impressive accomplishment. 

The ECW has worked this year with the N.C. 
Council of Women's Organizations, Church Wom- 
en United, these diocesan commissions - Education 
and Training, Social Ministries, Renewal and 
Evangelism, Youth - and the Pastoral Concerns 
Committee on Homosexuality, in addition to those 
groups already mentioned. 

In these ways, in 1990, Episcopal Church Wom- 
an in this diocese have worked "to carry on Christ's 
work of reconciliation, mission and ministry in the 
community, nation, and the world and to take their 
place in the life, governance, and worship of the 
church." (from our Constitution and Bylaws) 

Trustees of the Francis J. 
Murdoch Memorial Society 

The Francis J. Murdoch Society was founded by 
Margaret Murdoch to honor her brother, the Rev. 
Francis J. Murdoch, late rector of St. Luke's, Salis- 
bury. The society makes loans to persons preparing 
for the ordained ministry of the Episcopal Church, 
the loan being converted to a non-repayable grant 
when the recipient is ordained. 

Application forms for loan/grants from the 
society may be obtained from the convener of the 
trustees, whose name appears in the Journal of 
Convention. During 1990, the society received no 
requests for loan/grants and, consequently, made 

The income from the fund in not great and loan/ 
grants are quite small in comparison with the cost of 
theological education, but the fund is a resource and 

should be used. The diocese is in need of a greatly 
expanded financial base for the support of those 
studying for the ordained ministry. The Murdoch 
Society stands ready to assist in such an expansion. 

Fred L. Thompson, Convener 



D I O 

A N 

O N V 

N T I O 

R T 

Investment Committee 

The Investment Committee is responsible for the 
investment of the Common Trust Fund of the dio- 
cese and for a fund managed for the benefit of the 
Thompson Home. The Common Trust Fund con- 
sists of a combination of trusts and bequests that 
have been made to the diocese over a long period of 
time. The title to these funds rests in the name of 
the Trustees of the diocese. The Investment Com- 
mittee supervises the investment of these funds. 
The income generated by these funds is disbursed 
in accordance with the trust or bequest as directed 
by the donor; or if no designation of income is 
made by the donor, the income is disbursed as 
directed by the Diocesan Convention, Diocesan 
Council, or the Trustees. 

The primary goal of our investment policy is the 
preservation of capital with a secondary goal of 
achieving sufficient capital appreciation to offset 

the erosion of economic inflation. Our specific 
investment objectives, which are reviewed regular- 
ly, are to obtain a real compound rate of total return 
(current income plus capital appreciation or depre- 
ciation) of 4%, measured over the most recent five- 
year period. This real return is the sum of the actual 
return achieved, less a factor for inflation as mea- 
sured by the CPI. These funds are not invested in 
the securities of companies doing business in South 
Africa unless that company has signed the State- 
ment of Principles for South Africa. These funds 
are actively managed by the trust department of the 
North Carolina National Bank and the fund's in- 
vestment results have exceeded the guidelines over 
the most recent five-year period. 

Listed below is a comparison of the market value 
and income on each share of the Common Trust 
Fund for the last five years as of each September 






Number of shares 






Net Annual Income 



$354,277 • 



Net Income per share 






Market Value per share 






Income Yield per share 






At September 30, 1989, the asset mix of this 
fund, based on market value, was 52.6% equities, 
40.9% fixed-income securities, and 6.5% cash 
equivalents. The total return for the fund for the 
year ending Sept. 30 was 3.9%. The total return of 
3.9% on the fund, in the context of generally 

Diocesan Common Trust Fund: 

Principal Cash 

Revolving Note 

Government Bonds 

Corporate Bonds 

Episcopal Church Building Fund Bond 

Mortgage Backed Securities 

Common Stocks 


Fund for the Benefit of Thompson Home: 

unfavorable financial markets, was satisfactory. For 
the past five years the fund has enjoyed an annu- 
alized total return of 13.2%, which is in the top 25% 
of all Balanced Funds for that period. 

As of Sept 30, 1990, the funds supervised by the 
Investment Committee were invested as follows: 

Pincipal Cash 
Revolving Note 
Government Bonds 

John W. Red Jr., Chairman 

Carrying Value 











Market Value 











Committee on Ministry 
with the Deaf 

The Committee on Ministry with the Deaf met 
immediately following Diocesan Convention 1990. 
The committee voted to work on a five year plan to 
outline its needs and objectives. 

The Committee is aware of ministry offered to 
deaf persons in the following congregations: St. 
Paul's, Winston-Salem; St. Mark's, Huntersville; St. 
Clare's, Mint Hill; and the Church of the Nativity, 

Deaf delegates to the Diocesan Convention have 
represented the larger deaf community in the Dio- 
cese for two years. Interpreters for the deaf are 
present at all major diocesan events. 

Those wishing assistance with ministry to deaf 
individuals are invited to contact the chair of the 
committee by telephone or TTY. 

The Reverend Diane B. Corlett, Chair 

Department of Property 

The Department of Property Management spent 
most of its time and efforts in three particular 
projects in 1990. 

(1) The newly formed committee on Social 
Responsibility in Investments met with NCNB and 
Wachovia Banks to be assured our investments 
were handled in a socially responsible manner. Both 
banks assured the committee that our investments 
were in compliance with socially responsible guide- 
lines, and that as corporate citizens they were also 
complying. The committee developed a written 
program outlining objectives, guidelines and 
operating policy. 

The committee appointed for 3 years consists of 
William McCrary, Mrs. Scott Evans, Mahlon 
DeLoatch, Steve Griffith, Letty Magdanz, the Rev. 
Robert Haden, and Larry Tomlinson. 

(2) Considerable time was spent on an estate that 
was willed to the Diocese but contested by some 
family members. It appears a settlement is about to 
be reached. 

(3) A Real Estate Committee chaired by Watts 
Carr was appointed to study possible usages of part 
of the Diocese House property. A land use plan 
will be presented to Council early in 1991. 

Many thanks to A.H.A. Williams, Letty Magdanz 
and others involved with these activities. 

Larry Tomlinson, Chairman 

Small Church Commission 

Your small Church Commission met together 
several times and gave additional time to consulting 
with several congregations. We held meetings in 
Louisburg and at St. Michael & All Angels, Char- 
lotte. Commission consultations have sought to 
help churches or clergy with specific needs and to 
assist new congregations in their de v '<-lcpmeut. We 
have been responsible to oversee the budget and 
program of aided congregations This task receives 
more detailed and thorough study each year as we 
try to be responsible stewards of funds allocated for 
small churches and help support those churches in 
wise use of their resources. We are grateful to the 
majority of congregations receiving aid which were 
able to reduce their asking by 10% this year. 

Evening Prayer service was held for the churches in 
the region to gather and meet Bishop Huntington 
Williams. The lessons and carols service in Decem- 
ber was a candlelight service for the community. 

On the second Sunday in October St. John's held 
its annual service and lunch on the lawn. Congre- 
gations of the area joined together for a Eucharist in 
which the Reverend Gardiner Shattuck was cele- 
brant and guest preacher. Father Shattuck is a 
historian and author on American Church history. 

The commission has overseen property and 
building maintenance so that this historic church 
remains preserved for continued use. We invite 
churches and church members in the diocese to visit 
and use St. John's for a summer parish outing, or 
for their Confirmation instruction in church history. 

The Rev. Harrison T Simons. Chairperson 

Standing Committee 

The Standing Committee in 1990, through Novem- 
ber 19, 1990, held twelve meetings; performed its 
canonical duties in regard to the consecration of the 
Suffragan Bishop; acted as a Council of Advice to 
the Bishop and/or the Suffragan Bishop on three 



We assisted eight congregations to send teams to 
the Virginia-Carolinas Small Church Conference at 
Trinity Center; and represented this diocese in the 
APSO Intramont work on diaconate ministry. We 
have a task force developing regional workshops 
for small church ministry in 1991. The commission 
continues to carry on a supportive ministry to our 
small churches. We emphasized this with a team of 
small churches which met with St. Anna's and St. 
Alban's, Littleton, to share ideas; and in encourag- 
ing intern training in small churches. 

We are excited for new mission churches in 
rapidly growing areas, and concerned for older con- 
gregations in areas of limited population growth. 
Both are important to the ongoing life of the church. 

The Rev. Harrison T. Simons, Chairperson 

Commission on Historic St. 
John's, Williamsboro 

This Commission is responsible for the oldest colo- 
nial frame church in the state and diocese. Standing 
in a rural community near the northern border it is 
without a congregation but with an active Commis- 
sion. Since we do not believe it should remain a 
closed museum we have, with help from Guild 
members, kept it open on summer Sunday after- 
noons to visitors. 

We offered four special services during the past 
year. An evening Eucharist on Ascension has be- 
come an annual event. A summer picnic and 

occasions; conferred with both Bishops on other 
occasions; consented to eighteen Episcopal 
elections or consecrations; reiterated its policy of 
requiring biographical data before acting on such 
consent requests; interviewed and recommended 
the admission of ten postulants to be candidates for 
Holy Orders, six candidates to be ordained Deacon, 
and three Deacons to be ordained Priest; inter- 
viewed two others whose documentation was not 
complete; dealt with and advised the Bishop to give 
his consent to real estate transactions of sale, mort- 
gage or lease, involving St. Andrew's, Charlotte; St 
Andrew's, Durham; St. Luke's, Salisbury; Penick 
Home; St. Michael's for its Mission, the Church of 
the Nativity, Raleigh; St. Stephen's, Erwin; St. 
Christopher's, Garner; Episcopal Farmworker 
Ministries Committee; St. Thomas, Sanford; Christ 
Church, Rocky Mount; St. Luke's, Durham; St. 
Mark's, Roxboro; Trinity, Scotland Neck; adopted 
new procedures for future handling of Coalition for 
Human Needs applications; compiled its own 
policies and procedures adopted between 1967 and 
1989; recommended that the Bishop interpose no 
objection to six Coalition for Human Needs 
applications and declined so to recommend in one 
case because guidelines had not been followed; 
attended to its canonical duties in regard to 
delinquencies in audit requirements; expressed to 
the Bishop its concern about the Title III Canon 9 
route to the ordained ministry. 

Joseph B. Cheshire Jr., Secretary 


D I O 

A N 

O N V 

N T I N 

R T 

Proposed 1991 Budget: Episcopal Maintenance Fund 


Budget % 






No. Title 





1 Bishop Salary/Housing 

$ 76,449 

$ 80,271 

$ 3,822 


2 Bishop's Travel 





*3 Suffragan Salary/Housing 





4 Suffragan Bishop's Travel 





5 Secretary of Diocese 




6 Treas/Business Admin. Salary 





7 Treas/Bus Admin Travel/Prof Exp. 





8 Archivist Salary 



( 15,607) 


9 Archivist Travel 


( 2,250) 


10 Archives Special Supplies 



( 350) 


11 Support Staff 





12 Pension/Social Security 





13 Life/Medical/Dental Insurance 





14 Support Staff Prof. Training 



.000% . 

16 Telephone Expense 





17 Utility Expense 




18 Office Supplies 



( 2,000) 


19 Postage 




20 Equipment Repair/Replacement/New 





20b Bishop's Portrait 




21 Computer Service 



( 650) 


22 Maintenance 





23 Building Repairs/Renovations 



( 4,000) 


24 Business Insurance 





25 Journal 



( 1,166) 


26 Audit 





27 Diocesan Council 




28 Standing Committee 



( 775) 


29 Chancellor Expense 




30 Constitution & Canons 




31 Admission of Congregations * 




32 Convocation Deans/Wardens Exp. 





33 Commission on Ministry 




34 Convention Expense 




37 General Convention Assessment 





38 General Convention Deputies 




39 Diocesan Car Depreciation 




40 Contingent Fund 



( 2.000) 



$ 673.588 

$ 737.437 

$ 63.849 


* 1990 figures were for partial year and also included benefits. 


Church Assessments 

$ 645,899 

$ 696,420 

Long-Term Investment Income 



Other Trust Income 










$ 673,588 


Proposed 1991 Budget: Church 

's Program Fund 


Budget % 






No. Title 





1 Christian Soc. Min. Dir. Sal/Hsg. 

$ 39,928 

$ 41,924 

$ 1,996 


2 Christian Soc. Min. Dir's. Travel 




3 C.S.M. Program Funds 



( 1,200) 


4 Program Director Salary/Housing 



( 26,698) 


5 Program Director Travel 


( 6,000) 


6 Other Program Funds 





7 Communications Officer Salary 



( 23,108) 


8 Communications Officer Travel 


( 3,700) 


9 Publication: "The Communicant" 





10 Ass't to the Bishop for Miss. & Prog.-Salary 




11 Ass't to the Bishop for Miss. & Prog.-Travel 




12 Youth Co-ordinator - Salary 





13 Youth Co-ordinator - Travel 




14 Youth Program Funds 





15 Support Staff 





16 Program Fund Pension/Social Security 





17 Life/Medical/Dental Insurance 





18 UNC-Greensboro Chaplain Sal/Housing 

19 UNC-Greensboro Support Staff 

20 UNC-Greensboro Pension/Insurance 

21 UNC-Greensboro Program Funds 

22 UNC-Greensboro Operating Expense 

Total UNC-Greensboro Funds 

23 NC State Univ. Chaplain Sal/Housing 

24 NC State Univ. Pension/Insurance 

25 NC State Univ. Program Funds 

Total NC State Univ. Funds 

26 Duke Chaplain Salary/Housing 

27 Duke Pension/Insurance 

28 Duke Program Funds 

29 Duke Operating Expense 

Total Duke Funds 

30 W/S Chaplain Salary/Housing 

31 W/S Chaplain Pension/Insurance 

32 W/S Program Funds/Travel 

Total Winston-Salem Funds 

33 Charlotte Chaplain Salary/Housing 

34 Charlotte Pension/Insurance 

35 Charlotte Program/Travel 

Total Charlotte Funds 


$ 35,648 S 













( 1,092) 






62,524 $ 65.723 








$ 51.042 $ 52.608 $ 1,566 

$ 54.887 

$ 32,731 

$ 52.959 

$ 31,928 

$ 51,153 




















Total Ministry in Higher Edu. Budget $ 317.042 $ 311.450 $ ( 5,592) 

43 Mission Church Ass't. 

43b Miss. Church "89 Contingent Fund Bal. 

Commission and Committees: 

46 Alcohol & Drug Abuse 

47 Overseas Ministry 

48 Christian EducationATrng 

49 Church Deployment 

50 Communications 

51 Continuing Education 

51b Continuing Edu. Trust Fund Offset 

52 Companion Diocese 

53 Deacons Training Program 

54 Ecumenical Relations 

55 Evangelism & Renewal 

57 Worship 

58 Planned Giving 

59 Small Church 

60 Stewardship 

61 Women's Issues 

62 N.C. Episcopal Church Foundation 

63 Parish Grant 
63b Trust Fund Offset 

64 Miscellaneous Committee Expense 

65 Moving Clergy 

66 Conference Center 

67 Appalachian People's Svc. Organ. 

68 N.C. Council of Churches 

69 Province IV Assessment 

70 National Church Program 

71 Contingent 



$ 174,560 
( 6,360) 

$ 173,662 

$ ( 898) 

Church Quotas . $ 1,584,994 

$ 1,520,759 

Long-Term Investment Income 16,464 


Other Trust Income 10,000 



Prior Year Undesignated Program fund Bal. 







$ 16,685 

$( 18,686) 




( 2,448) 








( 600) 


$ ( 20.484) -37.32% 








UNC-Chapel Hill 

$ 34,227 $ 37,959 $ 3,732 



A & T State University 





Bennett College 





St. Andrew's College 





NC Central University 





College Chaplains' Conference 



( 240) 




























( 6,000) 

( 6,000) 















































( 12,000) 





































$ 1.611.458 

$ 1.600.061 

$( 11,397) 



$ 1.611.458 $ 1.600.061 



D I O 

A N 

O N V 


Department of Records and 

The Department of Records and History success- 
fully planned the service to commemorate the First 
Convention of the North Carolina churchmen held 
in Tarboro in 1790. This service was held at 
Calvary Church, Tarboro, on April 24, 1990. The 
Presiding Bishop, the bishops of three dioceses and 
clergy of the area provided a colorful procession. 
The Presiding Bishop Edmond Browning was the 
preacher, reminding us of the importance of this 
historical event in the formation of our national 

The Church Historians meeting was held in 
Warrenton on September 22 with the Rev. Vickie 
Wesen and Emmanuel Church as hosts. Miss 
Michelle Francis presented the program on church 
cemeteries and the importance of their preservation. 
A tour was taken of Good Shepherd, Ridgeway, in 
the afternoon. Miss Francis reported that 104 per- 
sons representing 90 churches are included in the 
Diocesan Church Historians. 

Plans are going forward for the National 
Episcopal Historians Association meeting in June 
1991 at Browns Summit. Mrs. Jane House has been 
appointed to continue plans and arrangements for 
this meeting since Michelle Francis is no longer on 
the staff. 

The Department is concerned about the 
maintenance and availability of the Archives since 
we do not have a professional on staff. Trained 
volunteers need to be recruited to continue this 

Eileen S. Greenwood, Chair 

The Penick Home 

The Penick Home continues in its ministry with 
older adults in such a way as to guarantee their per- 
sonhood. Each resident is treated as an individual 
who deserves our respect and supportive encour- 
agement, as a means of enhancing their quality of 

The Penick Home seeks to fulfill the spirit of its 
founder, the Rt. Reverend Edwin A. Penick, "...that 
no one be turned away for lack of funds." The 
Development and Public Information Committee 
has continued to develop a long range program to 
attract contributions for the Endowment Fund. A 
strong program of planned giving and information 
sharing will be undertaken during 1991, with a long 
range goal of having over $5,000,000 in the en- 
dowment fund. 

The purpose of the Fund is for the earnings to 
provide money to care for residents who lack the fi- 

health, social, recreational, spiritual, and mainte- 
nance services. The Home has the ability to con- 
tinue the construction of these apartments on a 
demand basis. 

The waiting list still has over 270 people con- 
firmed, with a high interest in suites and existing 
apartments on an indefinite time schedule. So, in 
spite of the long list, new applications, especially 
for single rooms, can be admitted within a few 

The new intergenerational day care center was 
opened in August in modular units for 10 adults and 
30 preschool children. The adult section is at full 
capacity and the child care unit at 2/3 capacity, with 
priority being given to employees' children. A de- 
veloping program of interaction between residents 
and children has brought new activity and balance 
to the quality of life, especially for residents in our 
nursing units. 

The Friends of Penick, the volunteer organiza- 
tion for the Home, under the leadership of Mrs. Ann 
Taws, continues to provide volunteers— both adults 
and teenagers-who are windows of light for our 
residents. In addition, the Friends of Penick have 
provided through these fund raising efforts, over 
$20,000 for the extra niceties that benefit our 


g f 

nancial resources to pay for their care. The Home 
spent over $300,000 in 1990 to provide this type of 
supportive care, with about $45,000 coming from 
the earnings of the Endowment Fund. The need is 
great, and the growth of the Endowment Fund will 
strengthen the Home's ability to do this ministry in 
the name of the Episcopal Church. 

The Home has increased its capacity through the 
completion of eight (8) new duplex apartments, 
each of which contains a minimum of 1,350 square 
feet. Each apartment provides the resident the 
privacy of living within the setting of support of 

residents. The Friends of Penick is seeking to at- 
tract members throughout the diocese, in the special 
volunteer gift of love and caring. 

The Penick Home has been approved by the N.C. 
Board of Nursing as a clinical site for the nursing 
program of the Sandhills Community College for 
students in the LPN and RN programs. Three of the 
Home's registered nurses have been certified in 
gerontology through training and testing sponsored 
by the National Board of Nursing. 

The resident life remains active with its involve- 
ment in all aspects of the Home. The Resident 
Council and its numerous committees provide many 

opportunities for self-direction and expression. 
This truly adds to the quality of their lives. They 
have had trips to the mountains of North Carolina, 
the Museum of Art, and the Governor's Mansion in 
Raleigh. The continuing education programs, 
sponsored by the Sandhills Community College, 
continue to enrich their lives. In addition, the 
spiritual program of the Home, under the direction 
of our chaplain, the Rev. Edward Conklin, provides 
study, prayer, eucharist, and wholesome fellowship 
on a regular basis. 

The Penick Home stands ready to serve the 
needs of older adults in the diocese through its life 
care community, its community outreach program, 
its day care services, and the other ways in which it 
might be called upon to serve. 

The Board of Directors, residents, and staff are 
deeply appreciative of the opportunity they have 
had this year to serve the needs of older adults. All 
of Penick Home herein expresses its deep apprecia- 
tion for all the support of its friends through gifts of 
money, time, and prayers. Thanks so much. 

Robert G. Darst, President 

Commission on Ministry 

The Commission on Ministry had a very busy and 
encouraging year, meeting seven times, all at the 
Conference Center. All but one of our meetings 
were "overnights." 

The Commission faced several longtime con- 
cerns this year, and made recommendations about 
them to the Bishop, which he has accepted. The 
first concerns the sometimes short amount of time 
between an aspirant's initial meeting with the 
Bishop and the interview with the Commission on 
Ministry. In order to give the aspirant more time to 
accomplish the many tasks necessary during that 
time and to give the Commission more time to 
adequately prepare, aspirants must now have met 
with the Bishop before Dec. 31 of a given year, in 
order to be interviewed by the Commission the 
following February. If an aspirant meets with the 
Bishop in January of 1991, for example, he or she 
would not interview with the Commission until 
February of 1992. 

The larger issue has been the role of the local 
parish in the whole discernment process. The Com- 
mission has found that sometimes there is not 
enough discernment at the local level; an opportu- 
nity is being missed (for the good of both the 
aspirant and the parish) to involve the parish more. 

Accordingly the Bishop has mandated one more 
step to the process: After the Rector has met with an 
aspirant and determined that there Is at least a 
strong possibility of a call to ordination here, she or 
he must appoint a parish discernment committee (or 
refer the aspirant to an ongoing committee if there 
is one) to further discern the call. (Guidelines for 
such a committee are available from the Diocesan 
Office.) After the Rector has received a written 
report back from the committee, then he or she may 
write a letter to the Bishop recommending the aspi- 
rant, enclosing the report. 

The Commission feels that these two changes 
will strengthen our Diocese's already healthy ordi- 
nation process and make it more supportive for 
those involved. 

One other aspect of the Commission's work this 
year has been to work more closely with the Stand- 
ing Committee. At each stage of the process where 
one preparing for ordination is to meet with the 
Standing Committee-i.e., candidacy, ordination as a 
deacon, and (where applicable) ordination as a 
priest-we are now, at the Standing Committee's 
request, providing them with a written report on 
each person. 

We are very excited by the quality of the men 
and women in our Diocese who are preparing for 
ordination. We look forward to working with them 
on your behalf in the future. 

Stephen J. Elkins-Williams, Chairman 

Diocesan Council Planning and 
Review Department 

The Planning and Review Department spent the 
better part of the year setting up the mechanics for 
undertaking a major Diocesan Long Range plan- 
ning Process. 

Bishop Estill requested in his 1990 address at 
Diocesan Convention that he wished the Planning 
and Review Department to undertake such a task. 

As 1990 came to a close and after working with 
several clergy and laity of the Diocese including 
Bishops Estill and Williams on an ad hoc basis, a 
professional consultant had been hired, a rough 
outline of a schedule had been agreed upon and a 
broad purpose had been discussed and reviewed. 

The design of the long range planning process, 
which will be funded by a trust account with the 
diocese supplemented by undesignated reserves, 
will make it possible for every parishioner of the 
diocese to participate in all phases of the process. 

The first phase which will last through 1991 will 
focus on gathering information. In order to gather 
information, the long range planning committee will 
encourage people to talk with each other throughout 
the diocese - dealing first with basic questions such 
as, "What makes you and me the church people 
that we are?" "What enables me to do what I do 
with my life?" There will also be surveys and 
review of demographic changes throughout the 
diocese during this phase. 

In 1992, the people of the diocese will clarify its 
mission statement and begin to look toward goals 
and objectives for the next three to four years. 

This process is ambitious but if carried out in a 
way which will involve as many people in the 
diocese as possible, it should have long term posi- 
tive effects on what kind of ministry the Diocese of 
North Carolina will be doing through the end of this 

David R. Williams 

The North Carolina Association 
of Episcopal Schools 

The North Carolina Association of Episcopal 
Schools has been able to realize a number of goals 
during the calendar year. Bishop Estill designated 
Sunday, April 29 as Episcopal Schools' Day in our 
diocese. Several schools planned activities prior to 
the event in celebration of their shared ministry with 
the church. We were encouraged with the support 
and recognition of our Episcopal schools in the 



O N V 

N T 1 N IN 

5 E 

At a meeting in January with Bishop Estill goals 
and concerns of our association were discussed. 
Funds were made available through a trust that will 
allow our organization to cover the expenses of a 
volunteer executive director for a two year period. 
The purpose of this position is to aid the develop- 
ment of our association and to assist individual 
schools with their needs. Joanne Marshall was 
named as Executive Director. 

The North Carolina Association of Episcopal 
Schools was well represented at the Triennial Con- 
ference of the National Association of Episcopal 
Schools in Washington. D.C., in November. Our 
delegation included sixteen: school heads, teachers, 
clergy, board chairman, and the Executive Director. 
Speaker sessions and workshops focused on educa- 
tion and religion in today's environment. We were 
informed that "the only aspect of the Church's 
work that continues to grow in total numbers and in 
almost every part of the country is in enrollment in 
Episcopal schools." That presents an ongoing 
challenge for excellence and a renewed commit- 
ment to this unique part of the ministry of the 
church through our own Episcopal schools. 

Joanne Marshall 

Commission on Alcohol and 

During this year, the Commission on Alcohol and 
Drugs is reviewing the present status of the Diocese 
regarding implementation of the resolution passed 
by the 1982 Diocesan Convention. In this regard, 
we aren't doing very well. Included in the 1982 
resolution are the following: 1. Every parish and 
diocesan institution is requested to have stated 
policies relating to the use of alcoholic beverages 
on their properties and at their functions; 2. Edu- 
cation programs are to be developed at all levels of 
parish and diocesan life; 3 The diocese is to esta- 
blish an Employee Assistance Program: 4. Training 
in prevention, recognition, and treatment of alco- 
holism and oilier chemical dependency be made 
available for all active clergy and candidates for 
Holy Orders of the Diocese. 

The good news is that there are several very 
active and vital parish commissions. These are 
doing outstanding work and have made a valued 
contribution to the life and ministry of the church. 
Several parishes have requested assistance in 
developing both a commission and educational 
programs. Members of the Commission are pleased 
to serve in consultative roles when such requests are 
made. The bad news is that the majority of our 
churches have neither a policy nor a commission to 
address this concern. 

Again this year, the Diocese participated in 
Alcohol and Drug Awareness Sunday. The theme 
"The Quiet Revolution: The Family of God" 
stressed the critical role that our families play in 
chemical health issues. This material was sent to all 
parishes and missions in the diocese. Reports from 
those using the materials affirm that the material 
was relevant and helpful. 

Our diocese continues to participate in the 
National Episcopal Coalition on Alcohol and Drugs 
(NECAD). In addition, we are also members of the 
Interfaith Network on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse. 
This is an ecumenical effort which carries promise 
in the areas of information sharing and cooperation 
across denominational lines within the state of 
North Carolina. 

While we have not yet attained the goals of the 
1982 resolution, we have made some progress as is 
evidenced by these various programs and activities. 
Those who work in the field of Chemical Depend- 
ency know that the most difficult thing to overcome 
is the denial of the patient and the family. Perhaps 
we will have to overcome institutional denial before 
we will make significant progress implementing a 
comprehensive program. May that be our prayer 
for 1991. 

The Rev. John E. Shields 

Department of Finance and 
Business Methods 

Canon 15 directs the Department of Finance and 
Business Methods of the Diocesan Council to 
"direct, coordinate, and administer the business 
affairs of the diocese not vested by Canon in other 
officers and agencies and not otherwise assigned by 
the Council." In furtherance of this directive, the 
department reports the following activities in 1990. 

1. On April 2, 1990, the Council, on recommen- 
dation of this department, took the following 
actions with respect to designated gifts to the ACTS 
campaign and accrued interest thereon: 

a. Ordered that interest accrued on invested 
funds of the Acts campaign be distributed propor- 
tionately among all designated accounts other than 
the Conference Center in accordance with the ba- 
lances of those accounts as of December 31, 1989. 

b. Ordered that the principal amount of gifts to 
the ACTS campaign designated by the donor for the 
Lex Mathews Scholarship, Parish Grants, and 
Minority Education be invested in shares of the 
diocesan common trust fund. 

c. Ordered that the principal amount of gifts to 
the ACTS campaign designatedby the donor for 
Diocesan Disaster Relief. World Disaster Relief, 
New Programs, and Emergencies be transferred to 
the Custodian Fund. 

2. On June 11, 1990, the Council, on recommen- 
dation of this department, ordered that the proceeds 
from the sale of the Duke Rectory being held in the 
Custodian Fund be invested in shares of the dioce- 
san common trust fund with the income therefrom 
to be used for upkeep of Cranmer House. 

3. On October 8, 1990, the Council, on 
recommendation of this department, amended the 
diocesan policy on health insurance coverage for 
retired members of the clergy and retired diocesan 
employees to make it clear that the diocese will pay 
the entire cost of such coverage upon normal 
retirement or disability retirement but that in the 
case of early retirement, the diocese will pay the 
premium reduced by the same percentage reduction 
as applies to retirement benefits from the Church 
Pension Fund or the Lay Employees Pension Fund, 
as appropriate. The Council also provided that this 
clarification would take effect as of January 1, 
1991, to be applicable to all affected individuals as 
of that date without regard to the date of retirement. 
Before this amendment, the policy simply referred 

to "employees who retire" without further 

4. On December 3, 1990, the Council, on 
recommendation of this department, reaffirmed its 
action of October 8 with respect to eligibility for 
health insurance coverage notwithstanding the fact 
that this action would result in co-payments in 1991 
and future years by two members of the clergy who 
took early retirement in 1990 before the clarifica- 
tion of the policy. The Council took note of the fact 
that when the original policy was adopted, there 
was no provision for early retirement under the 
Church Pension Fund and that the amendment 
therefore clarified the original intent of the policy 
and did not introduce a retroactive change in its 

Joseph S. Ferrell, Chair 

place at St. Mary's House which is adjacent to the 
campus and to participate in funding the new 
facility were costly. Diocesan Council voted and . 
approved the status quo for the UNC-Greensboro 

The Department discussed the possibility of the 
Diocese supporting the chaplaincy at St. Mary's 
College. In our discussions it became clear that the 
Diocese would not be able to provide any signi- 
ficant amount of money for a new chaplaincy in 

Chapel of the Cross in Chapel Hill called the 
Rev. Stephen R. Stanley to become its new Associ- 
ate for Campus Ministry. One of the Department's 
members, Harriette Sturges, served on the Search 
Committee for this vacancy. She kept the Depart- 
ment informed on the progress and about the 
process of hiring the new associate. 

The Rev. Dr. Earl H. Brill, chaplain at Duke 
University, retired December 31, 1990. An interim 
chaplain is there for the 1990 spring semester. For 
several months, Dr. Brill, especially, and other 
members of the Department talked with members of 
St. Joseph's Parish about the possibility of St. 
Joseph's becoming a Parish-Based Ministry at 
Duke. This was presented to Diocesan Council and 
accepted by this body. St. Joseph's has to call a 
rector before the Department begins talks with 
members of the parish about the chaplain-to-be for 
Duke University. 

A document called "An Evaluation of Campus 
Ministries" was drafted by the chaplains and 
refined by the members of the Department during 
the past year. This will be used by members as a 
basic foundation upon which to build yearly 
evaluation reports for the chaplaincies. 

For two years, the Department has worked hard 
setting up administrative procedures and now it 
looks forward to carrying tnese out with more ease 
It also looks forward to deepening its appreciation 
of campus ministry by reading and discussing 
books related to campus problems and successful 

Priscilla Swindell. Chair 

Appalachian People's Service 
Organization (APSO) 

APSO is celebrating 25 years of mission and min- 
istry in the Appalachian region, having been 
founded as part of the Episcopal Church's response 
to the War on Poverty. As we head into our 26th 
year, we are undergoing a process of re-evaluation 


Department of Ministry in 
Higher Education 

1990 was a very busy year for the Department of 
Ministry in Higher Education. It worked with the 
UNC-G chaplaincy in its consideration of parti- 
cipating in funding a new religious center at the 
University. To maintain the UNC-G chaplaincy in 

and reassessment. The Rev. R. Baldwin Lloyd, our 
Executive Director for 21 years, will retire at the 
end of 1991. A consultant has been engaged to 
work with the Board of Governors in setting 
priorities and goals. 

Playing an integral part in this will be the APSO 
Committee in each of the member dioceses as they 



D I O 

A N 

O N V 


R T 

develop a process of creative interaction between 
the needs of the dioceses and the resources APSO 
can offer, to provide for better communications, to 
see where APSO fits into diocesan mission strate- 
gies, and to see where dioceses fit into APSO's 
regional strategy for mission and ministry. These 
diocesan committees are comprised of all repre- 
sentatives to the APSO Board and ministry units 
and those persons in the diocese involved in 
ministries of service evangelism and advocacy. 
Such a committee helps keep everyone informed 
and knowledgeable about what resources are 

APSO carries out its work through three ministry 

Intramont focuses on congregational develop- 
ment and training for clergy and lay leaders. The 
unit oversees the Appalachian Ministry Education 
and Training Project (AMET). AMET is a joint 
venture of APSO, the Dioceses of Tennessee and 
Southwestern Virginia, the Hispanic Pastoral 
Instituto in New York, and Jubilee. Representatives 
from four communities and small congregations, 
the Instituto and Intramont gather for training and 
Bible Study on a regular basis. 

Leadership Development works through two task 
forces: Youth and Women. Both task forces em- 
phasize training, leadership development, and 
personal growth. The Youth Task Force sponsors 
one leadership training event annually. After attend- 
ing the training, youth are encouraged and support- 
ed as they develop work projects in their home 
community. Young people from outside the com- 
munity are then free to participate with the local 
community in their summer project. In the sum- 
mers of 1989 and 1990 the Youth Task Force spon- 
sored Video Work Projects in West Virginia. Both 
tapes are available from the APSO office. The 1989 
video, Northfork/Key stone: The Days Gone By, 
deals with issues the young people felt were impor- 
tant to them and their community: drug abuse, vio- 
lence, teen pregnancy, and unemployment. The 
1990 video project was hosted by the Ivanhoe Civic 
League in Ivanhoe, Virginia. That tape, Who Will 
Lead the New Beginning, is also available. The 
young people making the video tell the story of 
their community and begin to search for solutions to 
what they identify as the needs of the youth of the 

The Women's Task Force sponsored the "first 
annual" retreat for young women last spring and 
published Mountain Women 's Journal with a grant 
from the Episcopal Church Women of North Caro- 
lina. The Task Force has received letters from all 
over the country from women who have been 
touched by stories in the Journal. One ECW will 
be using the Journal as their program material for 
the year. Another woman wrote to say she had set 
one of the poems to music. An Appalachian de- 
velopment project is using the Journal as part of the 
curriculum for community-based education classes. 
The Task Force again thanks the ECW of North 
Carolina for making this possible. 

Both Leadership Development task forces have 
representation from dioceses and community 

The Urban Ministry Unit helps parishes and 
dioceses respond to the plight of the urban poor, 
particularly Appalachians who have migrated to the 
cities in search of jobs. The Migrant Program being 
undertaken by the Dioceses of North Carolina and 
West Virginia is using APSO as a resource. 

APSO is the Episcopal representative on the 
Commission on Religion in Appalachia (CORA), a 
seventeen-denomination planning and coordinating 
group. As the Episcopal representative, APSO 
advocates for denominational funds for grassroots 
projects screened and selected by CORA's Appa- 
lachian Development Projects Committee (ADPC). 
The 1990 ADPC projects in the diocese are the 
North Carolina Occupational Safety and Health 
Project in Durham and the Southern Empowerment 
Project, which is headquartered in Maryville, Ten- 
nessee, but has associated organizations in North 

The Diocese of North Carolina contributed 
$7,000 for the support of APSO in 1990. Other 
support came from St. John's, Charlotte; Chapel of 

the Cross, Chapel Hill; the ECW of the Chapel of 
the Cross, Chapel Hill; and Emmanuel, Southern 

Persons from the Diocese of North Carolina 
serving APSO are Bishop Williams and Laura 
Hooper, Board of Governors; Beth McKee, Urban; 
and the Rev. Harrison Simons, Intramont. Laura 
Hooper is a CORA Commissioner representing 
APSO and also serves on the CORA Board. 

Laura L. Hooper 

North Carolina Episcopal 
Church Foundation 

The North Carolina Episcopal Church Foundation, 
Inc., was established in 1955 for the purpose of 
aiding the expansion of the church in the diocese. 
Funds are available to parishes and missions and to 
other institutions owned by the diocese for erection 
of buildings, acquisitions of buildings and property, 
and repairs, renovations, and improvements to 
existing facilities. 

Low-interest loans are available to parishes and 
missions up to a maximum of $60,000 per borrow- 
er, repayable over 10 years. For wholly owned 
diocesan institutions, the maximum limit per loan is 
$300,000. Grants are available also up to a maxi- 
mum of $5,000 each for the same purposes. Fund- 
ing decisions are based on the need for the project 
and funds available. Currently the interest rate for 
parishes and institutions is six percent and for 
missions five percent. 

During the past year, the board of directors of the 
foundation approved the following: 

Loans approved and distributed: 

St. Thomas, Reidsville 

$ 27,000 

St. Barnabas, Greensboro 


St. Stephen's, Winston-Salem 


Good Shepherd, Asheboro 


St. Luke's, Salisbury 


St. Mark's, Roxboro 


Church of the Saviour, Jackson 




St. John's House, Durham 

$ 3,000 

Trinity. Fuquay-Varina 


St. Stephen's, Winston-Salem 


St. Christopher's, Garner 


St. Mark's, Roxboro 


St. Mark's, Wilson 


St. Barnabas, Greensboro 


St. Alban's, Littleton 


$ 33,600 

The Wachovia Bank and Trust Company, NA., 
serves as fiscal agent and treasurer. The foundation 
enjoys a sound financial condition; as of October 
31, 1990, the balance due on loans amounted to 
$1,103,176. Total assets at market value and their 
current yield as of October 31, 1990, are: 



Cash & Equivalents 

$ 96,907 


Common Stocks 






Balance Due on Loans 






In order that the foundation be maintained and 
grow, it must look to bequests and gifts from 
individuals or corporations in the diocese. At this 
time, 74% of our total assets is committed in loans. 
At the present rate of approvals, the foundation 
could easily face a shortage of funds and not be 
able to assist further expansion in our diocese. 
The foundation welcomes inquiries from parishes, 
missions and wholly owned diocesan institutions. 

Roger Gant Jr., Chairman 

The Education and Training 

The E&T Commission met seven times in 1990 at 
the Diocesan Camp and Conference Center. The 
Commission has eighteen members. Nine of the 
members are representatives from committees or 
organizations and nine are members-at-large. The 
E&T commission serves as support and a resource 
for strengthening Christian Education in the Dio- 
cese. The Marriage Committee has sponsored the 
Affirming Marriage Seminar and tested the curri- 
culum for the Family Enrichment Weekend. EFM 
has 25 active groups across the Diocese and has 
held two overnight workshops to train or certify 
Mentors to lead these groups. More than thirty 
persons were newly certified or recertified as men- 
tors at these workshops. 

MATC has had eleven ot our reduced rate spaces 
used this year for Leadership Skills Development 
training. Some partial funding was also provided for 
these persons. 

Our representative from ECW has compiled a 
resource list of available programs for Christian 
Education at the local level. Included are names of 
persons who are available to conduct programs int 
the local churches. The list is available to anyone 
responsible for CE in his or her church. 

Plans are underway to enlarge and organize the 
Diocesan Resource Center at Diocesan House. 

Scholarship money has been provided for several 
persons to attend conferences and training events. 


On Exclusionary Clubs 

The Professional Golfers Association (PGA) 
announced in August 1990 that henceforth no PGA 
tournaments will be held at any golf or country club 
that, in either policy or practice, is exclusionary 
with respect to race, gender, or religion. 

The Committee on the Judiciary of the United 
States Senate strongly recommends that all Presi- 
dential nominees seeking Sentorial confirmation by 
committee, e.g. nominees to the federal judiciary 
and to senior posts in the Department of Justice, 
resign from or agree not to join, as the case may be, 
any clubs that in either policy or practice, are exclu- 
sionary with respect to race, gender, or religion. 

In matters of moral leadership, the Episcopal 
Church ought to keep pace at least with the PGA 
and the Senate. 

Accordingly, the 175th annual convention of the 
Diocese of North Carolina resolves that: 

A. No person in the historic four orders of ministry 
in the Church as defined in the Catechism, i.e., lay 
persons, bishops, priests, and deacons, shall belong 


to develop skills to be used in the Diocese. 

A day for Christian Ed. programmers is sche- 
duled for January 12, 1991, at Education/Liturgy 
Resources in Oxford. Participants will be exposed 
to a variety of resources and given a chance to 
explore many different curricula. 

A design team composed of representatives from 
ED/Training, Evangelism and Renewal, and ECW 
has begun work developing the plans for a major 
conference to be held in October, 1991. The theme 
will be different types of families and meeting their 
needs. The Conference will be focused on the local 
church and how it can best support differing types 
of families. 

The E&T Commission has undergone almost 
total reorganization in the past year. We are now a 
more active service group and continue to look for 
ways in which to support and strengthen Christian 
Education in our Diocese. It has been an exciting 
and challenging year for me, as a new Commission 
Chair, and I look forward with great anticipation to 
1991 and continued work with this group of 
talented and dedicated people. 

Ellyn Easterling, Chair 

to any country club or other social club that, in 
policy or practice, is exclusionary with respect to 
race, gender, or religion. 

B. No official or quasi-official Church function 
shall be held at such an exclusionary institution. 

The Rev. James B. Craven III 
The Rev. E. James Lewis 

On Unspoken Messages 

Whereas, this Diocese has joined with the General 
Convention and Lambeth Convention to call for the 
1990's to be a Decade of Evangelism in the 
Episcopal Church; and. 

Whereas, one important element of this process is 
reaching out to unchurched or marginally churched 
people; and. 

Whereas, the decision by unchurched people to 
visit a church can be partially dependent on what 
they see, sense, and perceive as well as what they 
hear; and. 



O C E 3 AN C O N V 


Whereas, these unspoken messages include such 
basic elements as signage, bulletin design, etc.; and, 

Whereas, a manual designed to help us understand 
the unspoken messages we send and receive has 
been developed by the Rev. Dr. John Campbell and 
is now available to our congregations without 
charge from the Evangelism and Renewal Com- 
mission; and, 

Whereas, the Evangelism and Renewal Commis- 

On Encouraging the Provision 
of Large Print Worship 

Whereas, a significant and increasing percentage of 
the American population has difficulty reading 
regular size print; and, 

Whereas, the call for a Decade of Evangelism 
should be seen as a call to reach out to all segments 


sion is prepared to assist any congregation in 
evaluating their unspoken messages. 

Now therefore be it resolved, by this the 175th 
Convention of the Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina, that all parishes and missions are strongly 
encouraged to evaluate the unique, unspoken 
messages they send and make any appropriate 
improvements, using the aforesaid manual and 
other resources. 

Evangelism and Renewal Commission, 
Kenneth C. Kroohs, Chair 

On the Israeli-Palestinian 

Whereas: The Israeli-Palestinian conflict continues 
to explode in the streets of Jerusalem, Gaza, and the 
West Bank, and 

Whereas: The situation threatens peace, not only in 
the Middle East, but around the world, 

Therefore be it resolved: That this 175th Annual 
Convention of the Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina go on record in su pport of an international 
conference convened to help resolve the conflict, 
and that all parties involved be included, including 
the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and 

Be it further resolved: That the U.S. government 
deliver a clear message to the government of Israel 
opposing unnecessary violence being employed by 
Israel against the Palestinian people in the Occupied 
Territories, and 

Be it further resolved: that the Episcopal Church- 
es, throughout the Diocese of North Carolina, be 
encouraged to take an active interest in the events 
taking place in the Middle East, through study 
programs, sponsoring forums and workshops and 
through regular prayer and 

Be it further resolved: That a copy of this resolu- 
tion be sent to the President, Secretary of State, N.C. 
members of Congress and the Presiding Bishop, 

And be it further resolved: That this resolution be 
forwarded to the General Convention of this 
Church, meeting in Phoenix, July, 1991, as a 

The Rev. Robert L. Sessum 

of our populations; and, 

Whereas, making large print Prayer Books and 
Sunday bulletins available is a relatively easy and 
inexpensive form of evangelism. 

Now, therefore be it resolved, by this the 175th 
Convention of the Diocese of North Carolina that 
all parishes and missions be encouraged to provide 
an appropriate number of large print Prayer Books; 

Be it further resolved, that all parishes and 
missions be encouraged to provide an appropriate 
number of large print Sunday bulletins as soon as 
their printing procedures make that possible; and, 

Be it further resolved, that large print Prayer 
Books be made available at the Conference Center 
and all Diocesan functions. 

Evangelism and Renewal Commission, Kenneth C. 
Kroohs, Chair & Commission on Liturgy, The Rev. 
Philip R. Byrum, Chair 

Memorial to the 70th General 
Convention to Establish a 
Standing Commission on 
Environment and Sustainable 

Resolved that the 175th Convention of the Diocese 
of North Carolina meeting in Durham, North 
Carolina, January 24-26, 1991, memorializes the 
70th General Convention to amend Canon 1.1.2 to 
establish a Standing Commission on Environment 
and Sustainable Development. 

The Rev. W. Verdery Kerr, Chair 
Stewardship Commission 

On Expressing Support for 
Legislation to Require Parental 
Consent prior to Adolescent 

Whereas the 1988 Episcopal General Convention 
Resolution on Abortion states: "All human life is 
sacred, hence, it is sacred from its inception until 

Whereas the performance of an abortion poses a 
substantial risk to the physical and psychological 
health of adolescents, but currently does not require 
any parental consent under the laws of North 

Whereas there are medically safe procedures which 
pose less substantial risks to adolescents and do 
require parental consent for such procedures under 
the laws of North Carolina; 

Whereas adolescent pregnancies are occurring at 
alarming rates in North Carolina; 

Whereas statistics show that teenage pregnancies in 
Minnesota declined significantly after passage of a 
law requiring parental notification prior to abortion 
on their minor children; 

Whereas the practice of performing abortions on 
adolescents without parental involvement or con- 
sent bypasses and generally undermines parental 

Whereas The practice of performing abortions on 
adolescents without parental involvement or con- 
sent violates the Biblically based belief of many 
Christian parents in the sanctity of human life; 

Therefore we of the Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina urge the Legislature and the Governor to 
expeditiously enact legislation requiring parental 
consent, or a judicial bypass in unusual circum- 
stances, prior to adolescent abortion; 

Be it further resolved that we urge all Episcopali- 
ans and all North Carolinians to contact their state 
legislators to request their support and votes for 
legislation requiring parental consent, or a judicial 
bypass in unusual circumstances, prior to 
adolescent abortion; 

Be it finally resolved that a copy of this resolution 
be sent to the Governor and Lieutenant Governor of 
North Carolina, the Speaker of the House of Repre- 
sentatives of the General Assembly, and the chair- 
man of committees considering such legislation. 

George G Rose, St. John's Charlotte, Chair, 
Charlotte NOEL & Steve Onxley, St. Margaret's, 

On Support of Alternatives 
to Abortion 

Whereas the 1988 General Convention Resolution 
on Abortion states: "We regard all abortion as 
having a tragic dimension" and "We emphatically 
oppose abortion as a means of birth control, family 
planning, sex selection, or any reason of mere 

Whereas the 1988 General Convention Resolution 
on Abortion further states that "Whenever 
members of the Church are consulted with regard to 
a problem pregnancy, they are to explore with grave 
seriousness, ...alternatives to abortion.."; 

Whereas the 1988 General Convention Resolution 
on Abortion further states that "It is the responsibil- 
ity of members of this Church, especially the clergy, 
to become aware of local agencies and resources 
which will assist those faced with problem pregnan- 

Whereas the 173rd (Jan.89) North Carolina 
Episcopal Diocesan Convention passed a resolution 
encouraging congregations to use and support 
existing agencies that provide alternatives to 

Whereas Crisis Pregnancy Centers are local 
Christian agencies that provide "alternatives to 
abortion" services such as counseling, referral care, 
and material support; 

Be it resolved that the 175th Diocesan Convention 
of North Carolina affirms the work of the Crisis 
Pregnancy Centers, urges the Diocese of North 
Carolina to provide financial support for these 
centers, and furthermore urges individual parishes 
to provide financial and volunteer support through 
their outreach programs. 

George G. Rose, St. John's Charlotte, Chair, 
Charlotte NOEL & Steve Onxley, St. Margaret's, 

On Providing a Diocesan Sex 
Education Program 

Whereas pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, 
and abortion are occurring at alarming rates among 
adolescents in this diocese as well as throughout the 
United States, 

Whereas the 1988 General Convention Resolution 
on Abortion states that "It is the responsibility of 
our congregations to assist their members in be- 
coming informed concerning the spiritual, physio- 
logical, and psychological aspects of sex and 

Whereas recent studies have shown that sex 
education for adolescents emphasizing the Biblical 
norm of sexual abstinence outside of marriage has 
been an effective means for reducing the incidence 
of teenage pregnancy, abortion, and sexually 
transmitted diseases; 

Be it resolved that the Diocese of North Carolina, 
through its Education and Training Commission, 

M ATTtfew i_t- —4 — """ ,-. 

develop and provide a parish sex education 
program that emphasizes the positive values of the 
traditional, Biblical sexual norms of abstinence 
outside of marriage and includes the teaching of 
"refusal technics"; 

Be it further resolved that the Diocese of North 
Carolina also provide programs to congregations 




designed for adults, and in particular, to parents, 
that will enable them to understand and communi- 
cate these positive values and refusal technics to 
their youth. 

George G. Rose, St. John's Charlotte, Chair, 
Charlotte NOEL, & Steve Onxley, St. Margaret's, 

On Evangelism and Religious 

Whereas, the General Convention of this Church 
declared the 1990's to be a Decade of Evangelism, 
calling upon the whole membership of our church 
to dedicate itself to "the presentation of Jesus 
Christ in the power of the Holy Spirit in such ways 
that persons may be led to Him as Savior and follow 
Him as Lord within the fellowship of His Church," 

Whereas our Church exists within a pluralistic 
society, in which God is worshipped and obeyed in 
a variety of God's self-revelations, and 

Whereas, our Anglican tradition has always been 
particularly respectful of God's Truth as it exists 
outside of Christianity, yet without compromising 
our devotion to Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior, and 

Whereas, the Standing Commission on Evangelism 
and the Presiding Bishop's Committee on Christian- 
Jewish Relations have undertaken together a dis- 
cussion of the person and work of Jesus Christ 
within a pluralistic society, 

Therefore be it resolved, that this Convention of 
the Diocese of North Carolina affirm and support 
that joint effort in a letter to the Standing Commis- 
sion and the Presiding Bishop's Committee. This 
letter would include a reaffirmation of our 
commitment to the fullness of God's revelation to 
humankind in Jesus Christ, and a statement of our 
awareness that the Gospel in a pluralistic society 
also teaches us to be aware of the significance of 
God's self-revelation outside of Christianity, and 

Furthermore be it resolved, that even as we seek 
new opportunities to share our Christian faith with 
those who do not know Christ, we also affirm our 
willingness to cherish continuing opportunities to 
learn more of God from those whose perception of 
God's mystery differs from our own. 

The Rev. Virginia Herring 

On our Companion Diocese 

Whereas the Diocese of North Carolina has been in 
a companion diocese relationship with the Diocese 
of Belize since 1984, 

And, whereas Brother Desmond Smith has been the 
Bishop of Belize since 1988 and the relationship 
has continued with the Diocese of Belize and is in 
its eighth year, 

And, whereas the Diocese of Georgia has also 
entered into a relationship with the Diocese of 

And, whereas we are called on to "go forth into the 
world, rejoicing in the power of the Spirit," 

Be it resolved that the people in the Diocese of 
North Carolina maintain the last two years of our 
relationship with the Diocese of Belize by learning 
about the Diocese of Belize and its programs, 
continuing to support the exchange of people and 
ideas, giving of our monetary gifts and remember- 
ing Brother Desmond and the people of Belize in 
our prayers. 

Martha B. Alexander 

Chairman, Companion Diocese Commission 

On Domestic Violence and 
Sexual Assault 

Whereas, in the United States a woman is beaten 
every 12 seconds and four women are beaten to 
death each day; 

Whereas, 16,689 women were housed in North 
Carolina shelters for battered women in a one-year 
period, and thousands more could not be sheltered 
for lack of space and funding; 

Whereas, last year Sexual Assault programs in 
North Carolina served 6,032 new adult victims and 
received reports of 1,217 new cases of child sexual 

Whereas, every congregation in our diocese in- 
cludes members who have been abused physically, 
emotionally, sexually, financially by another family 
member; and 

Whereas, the Church is struggling to acknowledge 
where and how it has failed to minister to the vic- 
tims of domestic violence and sexual assault; 

Therefore be it resolved, that the 175th Convention 
of the Diocese of North Carolina, aware of the 
budget difficulties of these times, urges the North 
Carolina General Assembly to continue and in- 
crease funding for Domestic Violence and Sexual 
Assault programs. 

The Rev. Anne Hodges-Copple 

On Expressing Appreciation for 
Service of Historiographer 

Whereas in January 1987 Dr. Frank Leslie Grubbs, 
Jr. was appointed Historiographer of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the Diocese of North Carolina 
by the Right Reverend Robert W. Estill; and 

Whereas he served untiringly in the gathering, 
preserving, and publishing historical material and 
records; and 

Whereas his assistance was of vital importance in 
the editing of the History of the Diocese of North 
Carolina in the Colonial Period; and 

Whereas he initiated the project to have a short 
history prepared for each Parish and Mission in the 
Diocese and compiled in a booklet and he having 
personally researched and written many of them; 

Now therefore be it resolved that the 1991 Annual 
Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
the Diocese of North Carolina express deep appre- 
ciation and gratitude for these faithful and success- 
ful efforts by Frank Leslie Grubbs, Jr. and further, 
that it extend to him best wishes for continued 
health and service. 

George Elliot London, for the Department of 
Records & History 

On Clergy Professional Expenses 

Whereas: In the exercise of their ministry, parochial 
clergy incur professional expenses which may not 
always be deductible for tax purposes; and 

Whereas: Such expenses generally result in a 
benefit to the employing parish or mission, either 
directly or indirectly; and 

Whereas: Discretionary funds may be inappropri- 
ate for such expenses; now therefore be it 

Resolved: By this 175th Convention of the Diocese 
of North Carolina that parishes and missions be 
strongly encouraged to include a line item in their 
annual budgets for payment of professional 
expenses of their clergy. 

The Rev. Anna Louise Reynolds Pagano, The Rev. 
Jay Alan Hobbs for the North Carolina Episcopal 
Clergy Association 

On Revealing Sources of 
Financial Support for Diocesan 
Officials and Employees 

Whereas: The officers and employees of the 
Diocese of North Carolina at the Diocesan House 
represent all Episcopalians serving God in the 
Diocese of North Carolina, and 

Whereas: Some of those officials and employees 
may be receiving financial support from outside the 
official financial support voted by the Diocese 
through its annual Convention, and 

Whereas: The sources of financial support for any 
officer or employee of the Diocese impacts the 
reputation and ministry of the entire Diocese. 

Therefore be it resolved: That this 175th Conven- 
tion of the Diocese of North Carolina requires that 
henceforth the sources of any and all financial 
contributions, donations, and honoraria to officers 
and employees of the Diocese of North Carolina be 
reported in writing to the delegates of the annual 
Convention of the Diocese. 

John C. Boling Jr., St. Margarets Church. Charlotte 

Memorial to the 70th General 
Convention to Establish a 
Standing Commission on 
Environment and Sustainable 

Resolved that the 175th Diocesan Convention of the 
Diocese of North Carolina meeting in Durham, 
North Carolina, January 24-26. 1991, memorializes 
the 70th General Convention to amend Canon 1.1.2 
to establish a Standing Commission on Environ- 
ment and Sustainable Development. 


This Memorial to the General Convention supports 
The Presiding Bishop's Consultation on Environ- 
ment and Sustainable Development who have 
called for this new Standing Commission. The 
issue is so complex and so demanding that no 
present Standing Commission is able to address it 
with the depth and knowledge that is required. The 
Consultation calls for the appointment of persons 
who will be able to help design program and action 
and also work with congregations and dioceses. 

The Rev. W. Verdery Kerr 
Chair Stewardship Commisssion 

On Implementing 
Environmental Guidelines for 
Diocesan Institutions and 
Individual Church members 

Resolved that Diocesan House, churches, diocesan 
institutions, Diocesan Convention and diocesan- 
sponsored events become models of stewardship of 
God's creation by implementing the following 
actions by the 176th Diocesan Convention: 

1. Have recycling bins for aluminum cans, glass, 
plastic, office papers and newspapers, taking 

.collected items to collection sites, or serve as a 
drop-off point. 

2. Use china, glassware, silver when serving food or 
drinks, use no polystyrene or hard plastic (Paper 
products acceptable.) 

3. Use recycled computer, office papers, and 

4. Use only white paper, no colored paper. 

5. Photocopy both sides of paper when possible. 

6. Cease use of chemical sprays on church lawns, 
use nutrients prudently; cease chemical spraying of 
church buildings. 

7. Adopt energy-efficient methods as set forth in the 
Diocesan Environmental Guidelines. 

8. Establish earth stewardship committees in all 



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9. Incorporate environmental education into all 
Christian education programs. 

10. Encourage members to work for local and 
national legislation to renew, and to prevent envir- 
onmental damage to our fragile and ill planet. 

11. Exercise responsible stewardship in all facets of 
daily activities at home, work, or play as set forth in 
the Diocesan Environmental Guidelines and recom- 
mended by the Presiding Bishop's Consultation on 
Environment and Sustainable Development. 

Be it further resolved that this Convention 
commend the congregations that have already 
begun programs of education and action, and be it 

Resolved that individual members of this church be 
guided by these same principles of stewardship in 
their personal and business lives. 


Since the environmental crisis is intrinsically a 
religious issue and since leading scientists through- 
out the world warn us that the nineties may be our 
last chance to reverse the trend of destruction to life 
on the planet as we know it, the church is called to 
respond immediately to the plight of planet Earth. 

Scott T. Evans 


Conference Center Board 

Lay Order: 3 to be elected 

Ira J. Folsom. City or town: Charlotte. Congrega- 
tion: St. John's. Occupation: Retired- Volunteer 
Staff at St. John's. How long confirmed: 41 years. 
Congregational or diocesan offices, current or past: 
Vestry; Junior Warden; Buildings & Grounds 
Supervisor; Diocesan Credentials Committee; 
Liaison, Penick Home; Liturgical Committee; 
Evangelism Committee; Outreach Committee. 
Nominator: William A. Short. 

James E. Grogan. City or town: Davidson. Con- 
gregation: St. Alban's. Occupation: Duke Power 
Co. How long confirmed: 18 years. Congregational 
or diocesan offices, current or past: Delegate to 
Diocesan Convention; Cursillo Team; Vestry - 
Senior Warden, Lay Reader, Chalice Bearer. 
Nominator: Wilson M. Sadler. 

Alice Herring. City or town: Wilson. Congrega- 
tion: St. Timothy's. Occupation: Real Estate Broker. 
How long confirmed: 20 years. Congregational or 
diocesan offices, current or past: Past President, 
ECW; Past Secretary, Devotional Life; Past Secre- 
tary of College Work and Christian Ministries; 
Chairman, Altar Guild; Member, Parish Commis- 
sion on Newcomers and Church Growth; Member, 
Worship Committee; Past Chairman, Treasurer, 
Member, Committee on Working Women, Member, 
Restructure Committee, ECW Rocky Mount; 
Member, Diocesan Commission on Women's 
Issues; Member, Lex Mathews' Scholarship Fund 
Committee; 6-time Diocesan Convention Delegate. 
Nominator: Wyndham K. Barnes. 

Franklin M. Montgomery. City or town: Salisbury. 
Congregation: St. Luke's. Occupation: Superior 
Court Judge. How long confirmed: 14 years. Con- 
gregational or diocesan offices, current or past: 
Congregational Offices: Vestry, Lay Reader, 
Chalice Bearer; Church School Teacher (Youth & 
Adult), EYC Advisor, Choir Member, EMC Leader. 
Diocesan Offices: Youth Commission, Diocesan 
Council, Standing Committee. Nominator: The Rev. 
I. Mayo Little. 


William Short. City or town: Charlotte. Congrega- 
tion: St. John's. Occupation: Vice-President, MIS. 
How long confirmed: 37 years. Congregational or 
diocesan offices, current or past: Congregational 
Offices: Delegate, St. John's - 3 years; Director of 
Acolytes; Every Member Canvass Chair; Liturgy 
and Finance Committee; ACTS Campaign Chair. 
Diocesan Offices: Chair, Finance Committee, Con- 
ference Center Board. Nominator: The Diocesan 
Council Committee for Conference Center 

C.A. "Bo" Newcomb. City or town: Raleigh. 
Congregation: Church of the Good Shepherd. 
Occupation: Air conditioning contractor. How long 
confirmed: 34 years. Congregational or diocesan 
offices, current or past: Congregational Offices: 
Senior & Junior Warden. Diocesan Offices: Board 
of Visitors, Conference Center and Kanuga; Trustee 
of the Francis J. Murdoch Memorial Society. Nomi- 
nator: The Diocesan Council Committee for Con- 
ference Center Nominations. 

Clerical Order: 3 to be elected 

The Rev. Robert R. McGee. City or town: 
Winston-Salem, Winston-Salem Area Colleges. 
Position: Campus Minister. Number of years since 
ordination: 15. Number of years in the Diocese: 11. 
Diocesan offices, current or past: Diocesan Youth 
Coordinator, 1983-86; Dept. of Higher Education, 
1988-present. Nominator: The Diocesan Council 
Committee for Conference Center Nominations. 

Diocesan Council 

Lay Order: 3 to be elected 

John Drew Elliot, Jr. City or town: Charlotte. 
Congregation: St. Martin's. Occupation: Chemical 
Manufacturer. How long confirmed: 31 years. Con- 
gregational or diocesan offices, current or past: 
Acolyte; teacher; layreader; chalice bearer; lay eu- 
charistic minister; archivist; parish council: com- 
munications chairman, worship chairman; vestry: 
assistant treasurer, treasurer, budget director. 
Nominator: Eileen S. Greenwood. 

Mrs. John Neal (Nancy). City or town: Hamlet. 
Congregation: All Saints. Occupation: Housewife/ 
Volunteer. How long confirmed: 1 1 years. Congre- 
gational or diocesan offices, current or past: Vestry; 
Stewardship Chair, 3 years; Browns Summit "Spe- 
cialist"; Alternate Delegate, Annual Convention; 
Delegate, Annual Convention; Parish Rep., Dioce- 
san Aging Commission; Parish Rep., Diocesan 
Women's Issues Commission; Acolyte; Lay Read- 
er; Alter Guild; Peace Initiative Network member; 
Represented the Diocese at the 5th Annual Aging 
Conference; President, ECW. Nominator: Lucy C. 

Charles F. Blanchard. City or town: Raleigh. 
Congregation: St. Michael's. Occupation: Attorney. 
How long confirmed: 36 years. Congregational or 
diocesan offices, current or past: Member, Episco- 
pal Foundation, Diocese of North Carolina; Visita- 
tion Board, Browns Summit; Vestry, St. Michael's; 
Delegate to Diocesan Convention four times; 
Former Senior Warden; Former President, Laymen 
of the Diocese, 1963-64. Nominator: The Rev. 
Lawrence K. Brown. 

Thomas P. Dillon. City or town: Monroe. Congre- 
gation: St. Paul's. Occupation: President, Monroe 
Hardware, Retired. How long confirmed: 30 years. 
Congregational or diocesan offices, current or past: 
Chairman, Every Member Canvass; Vestry; Jr. 
Warden; Sr. Warden; Delegate to Diocesan Con- 
vention; Treasurer of the Parish; Parish Search 
Committee; Served on several diocesan committees. 
Nominator: The Rev. Robert L. Sessum. 

Edward L. Embree, III. City or town: Durham. 
Congregation: St. Philip's. Occupation: Attorney. 
How long confirmed: 30 years. Congregational or 
diocesan offices, current or past: Vestry, 1987- 
1989; Sr. Warden 1988-89; Convention Delegate, 
1989-1991; Convention Co-Chairman, 1991. 
Nominator: The Rev. C. Thomas Midyette, III. 

James H. Hardison, Jr. City or town: Wadesboro. 
Congregation: Calvary. Occupation: President, 
Wadesboro branch, Southern National Bank. How 
long confirmed: 49 years. Congregational or 
diocesan offices, current or past: Senior Warden, 
Junior Warden, Treasurer. Lay Reader, Endowment 
Trustee. Nominator: The Rev. Fred L. Thompson. 

John C. Boling, Jr. City or town: Charlotte. Con- 
gregation: St. Margaret's. Occupation: Teacher. 
How long confirmed: 25 years. Congregational or 
diocesan offices, current or past: Chairman, Evan- 
gelism Commission of St. John's; Member, Dio- 
cesan Evangelism/Renewal Commission; Delegate 
from St. John's; Lay Reader at St. John's; Delegate 
from St. Margaret's; Lay Reader at St. Margaret's; 
Chalice Bearer. Nominator: The Rev. F. W. 
Pinkston, Jr. 

Clerical Order: 2 to be elected 

The Rev. Diane Bishop Corlett. City or town: 
Cleveland. Position: Rector, Christ Church. Number 
of Years Since Ordination: 4 1/2. Number of Years 
in the Diocese: 4 1/2. Diocesan Offices. Current or 
Past: Chair, Committee on Ministry with the Deaf; 
Commission on St. Andrew's, Woodleaf; Commis- 
sion on Liturgy and Music; Commission on 
Christian Social Ministries. Nominator: The Rev. 
Timothy E. Kimbrough. 

The Rev. Thomas L. Ehrich. City or town: Char- 
lotte. Position: Rector, St. Martin's. Number of 
Years Since Ordination: 14. Number of Years in 
the Diocese: 2 1/2. Diocesan Offices, Current or 
Past: Long Range Planning Committee; Communi- 
cations Commission; Board of Directors, Thompson 
Children's Home. Nominator: Eileen S. Green- 

N. Brooks Graebner, Ph.D. City or town: Hills- 
borough. Position: Rector, St. Matthew's. Number 
of Years Since Ordination: 3. Number of Years in 
the Diocese: 4. Diocesan Offices, Current or Past: 
Instructor in Church History, Vocational Deacons' 
Training Program (1987-present); Trustee, Murdoch 
Memorial Society (1988-present); Department of 
Ministry in Higher Education (1990-present); Com- 
mission on St. Mary's Chapel, Orange County 
(1990-present). Nominator: Priscilla Swindell. 

Penick Home Board of Directors 

10 to be elected 

Anna S. "Frankie" DuBose. City or town: Dur- 
ham. Congregation: St. Stephen's. Occupation: 
Full-time Volunteer. How long confirmed: 40 years. 
Congregational or diocesan offices, current or past: 
Vestry member (2 terms); Senior Warden, 1987; 
President, St. Stephen's ECW; Altar Guild; Lector 
(present); Hospital Ministry from St. Stephen's to 
Duke Hospital; Delegate, Diocesan Convention 
(many times); Director and Teacher of St. Stephen's 
Pre-school; Sunday School Teacher (many years). 
Nominator: The Rev. Mark House. 

W. Clary Holt. City or town: Burlington. Congre- 
gation: Church of the Holy Comforter. Occupation: 
Attorney. How long confirmed: 65 years. Congre- 
gational or diocesan offices, current or past: Lay 
reader; Church Vestry - Sr. Warden, Jr. Warden; 
Church School Teacher; Diocesan Council; Presi- 
dent, Laymen's Association of the Diocese; Board 
of Directors, Penick Home. Nominator: The Rev. 
Mark House. 

Laura L. Hooper. City or town: Winston-Salem. 
Congregation: St. Stephen's. Occupation: Retired 
Teacher. How long confirmed: 54 years. Congrega- 
tional or diocesan offices, current or past: Sunday 
School Teacher; Delegate to Diocesan Convention; 
ECW Treasurer; ECW Secretary of Missions; Appa- 
lachian People's Service Organization (APSO); 
Ecumenical Relations Commission; Nominating 
Committee for Coadjutor Bishop, 1979; Nominat- 
ing Committee for Suffragan Bishop, 1989; NC 
Council of Churches; Board of Directors, Penick 



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Wome- Vice Chairman, ECW Greensboro; Vice 

■ui.ii., ECW Winston-Salem. Nominator: The 
Rev. Mark House. 

A. Zachary Smith, III. City or town: Charlotte. 
Congregation: Christ Church. Occupation: Attor- 
ney. How long confirmed: 37 years. Congregational 
or diocesan offices, current or past: Vestry, Secre- 
tary, Treasurer; Chairman, Every Member Canvass; 
Diocesan Council; Delegate or Alternate to Dio- 
cesan Conventions, 1981 - present; Committee on 
Structure and Organization of the Diocese; Board of 
Directors, Penick Home. Nominator: The Rev. 
Mark House. 

Barbara S. Jester. City or town: Vass. Congrega- 
tion: Emmanuel, Southern Pines. Occupation: 
Homemaker. How long confirmed: 53 years. Con- 
gregational or diocesan offices, current or past: 
Diocesan Council; Board of Directors, Penick 
Home; Commission on Ministry; Delegate to 
Convention; Committee to Elect a Bishop; Vestry- 
Jr. Warden; Lay Reader & Chalice Bearer; Lay 
reader at Penick Home; President of ECW; Sunday 
School Teacher. Nominator: The Rev. Mark House. 

Thomas R. Payne. City or town: Charlotte. Con- 
gregation: St. Martin's. Occupation: Attorney. How 
long confirmed: 36 years. Congregational or dio- 
cesan offices, current or past: Vestry, Jr. Warden; 
Thompson Home-Board & President; Former Presi- 
dent, St. Peter's Hospital Foundation; Treasurer, 
Penick Home Board (current). Nominator: The Rev. 
Mark House. 

Philip M. Russell. City or town: Greensboro. Con- 
gregation: Holy Trinity. Occupation: Retired. How 
long confirmed: 48 years. Congregational or dio- 
cesan offices, current or past: Sr. Warden (twice); 
Vestry member (4 3-year terms); Board Member, 
Penick Home (15 years). Nominator: The Rev. 
Mark House. 

Charles M. Shaffer. City or town: Chapel Hill. 
Congregation: Chapel of the Cross. Occupation: 
Retired. How long confirmed: 50 years. Congrega- 
tional or diocesan offices, current or past: Sr. 
Warden; Jr. Warden; Chr. Every Member Canvass; 
Lay Reader; Supt. of Sunday School; Acolyte 
Advisor; Usher; Board of Directors, Penick Home 
(current); Board of Directors, NC Episcopal Church 
Foundation, Inc. (past President, current); Conven- 
tion Delegate. Nominator: The Rev. Mark House. 

Steven F. Techet. City or town: Raleigh. Congre- 
gation: St. Michael's. Occupation: Attorney/Real 
Estate Developer. How long confirmed: 33 years. 
Congregational or diocesan offices, current or past: 
Vestry and Sr. Warden; Chairman, St. Michael's 
Endowment Fund; Chairman, ACTS campaign for 
St. Michael's; Chairman, Building & Grounds Com- 
mittee; Board Member, Penick Home; Delegate, 
Diocesan Convention. Nominator: The Rev. Mark 

The Rev. Mark House. City or town: Charlotte. 
Position: Rector, St. Andrew's. Number of years 
Since Ordination: 20. Number of years in the 
Diocese: 12. Diocesan Offices. Current or Past: 
Director, Penick Home Board (1981 -present); 
Spiritual Advisor Cursillo Secretariat; Member, 
Education Training Comm.; Member, Diocesan 
Council; Member, Vocational Diaconate Task Force 
and Steering Committee; Member, Commission on 
Ministry (current). Nominator: The Rev. Mark 

Standing Committee 

Lay Order: 2 to be elected 

William Kearns Davis. City or town: Winston- 
Salem. Congregation: St. Paul's. Occupation: 
Attorney. How long confirmed: 37 years. Congre- 
gational or diocesan offices, current or past: Stand- 
ing Committee, 1981-84; Chairman of Diocesan 
Committee to Elect Suffragan Bishop, 1984-85; 6- 
time Delegate to Diocesan Convention; Sr. Warden; 
Jr. Warden; 3 terms on Vestry; Every Member 
Canvass Chairman; Christian Education Committee 
Chairman. Nominator: John D. Hunter. 

Harold G. Hall. City or town: Raleigh. Congrega- 
tion: St. Michael's. Occupation: Attorney. How 
long confirmed: 28 years. Congregational or 
diocesan offices, current or past: Vestry, 1970-72, 
77-79, 84-86; Junior Warden, 1972; Choir member, 
choir liaison to the Vestry; Building & Grounds 
Chair; Stewardship Chair, "78; Long Range 
Planning Chair; Christian Education Co-Chair; 
Trustee, St. Michael's Endowment Fund. Nomina- 
tor: Janet C. Watrous. 

Alfred Purrington, III. City or town: Raleigh. 
Congregation: Christ Church. Occupation: Attor- 
ney. How long confirmed: 45 years. Congregational 
or diocesan offices, current or past: Vestry-Clerk, 
Jr. Warden, Sr. Warden; Chair, Christian Social 
Ministries; Secretary, Standing Committee; Dioce- 
san Council; Chair, ACTS Campaign; Nominating 
Committee for Bishop Coadjutor; Conference 
Center Committee; Conference Center Board of 
Directors; Board of Directors, Penick Home. 
Nominator: Louis C. Melcher, Jr. 

Thomas B. Metzloff. City or town: Durham. 
Congregation: St. Philip's. Occupation: Law Pro- 
fessor, Duke University. How long confirmed: 8 
years. Congregational or diocesan offices, current 
or past: Co-Chairman, 175th Diocesan Convention, 
1991; Vestry, 1987-1990; Delegate, Diocesan 
Convention, 1990-91; Stewardship Chairman, 
1989; Evangelism Chairman, 1990; Stewardship 
Committee Member, 1984. Nominator: The Rev. C. 
Thomas Midyette, III. 

Dr. Prezell R. Robinson. City or town: Raleigh. 
Congregation: St. Augustine's Chapel. Occupation: 
President, St. Augustine's College. How long 
confirmed: 50 years. Congregational or diocesan 
offices, current or past: Member, Standing 
Committee; Member, Diocesan Council; Member, 
Committee on Institutions; Deputy to General 
Convention, Minneapolis, MN; Member, Church 
Pension Fund; Lay Reader; Sr. Warden; Chairman, 
Episcopal Church Fund Committee; Financial 
Consultant, United Black Episcopalians. Nomina- 
tor: Dr. Thelma Johnson Roundtree. 

University of the South, 1970-77; Executive 
Council, 2 terms, Diocese of E. Carolina; 
Chairman, Dept. of Christian Education, 1976-78; 
Board of Governors, Episcopal Child Care Center 
in Charlotte, 1976-80. Nominator: The Rev. Earl H. 

Fred Warnecke. City or town: Greensboro. 
Position: Rector, St. Francis'. Number of Years 
Since Ordination: 32. Number of Years in the 
Diocese: 5 1/2. Diocesan Offices, Current or Past: 
Alternate to the General Convention; Board of the 
Camp and Conference Center; Dispatch of 
Business Committee, Commission on Constitution 
and Canons. Nominator: The Rev. Glenn E. Busch. 

W. Verdery Kerr. City or town: Reidsville. 
Position: Rector, St. Thomas'. Number of Years 
Since Ordination: 15. Number of Years in the 
Diocese: 12. Diocesan Offices, Current or Past: 
Chair, Stewardship Committee; Member, Long 
Range Planning Commission; Member, Continuing 

Fred J. Williams. City or town: Durham. Congre- 
gation: St. Titus. Occupation. Attorney. How long 
confirmed: 27 years. Congregational or diocesan 
offices, current or past: Junior Warden. Nominator: 
Vivian R. Patterson. 

Clerical Order: 1 to be elected 

Philip R. Byrum. City or town: Albemarle. 
Position: Rector, Christ Church. Number of Years 
Since Ordination: 24. Number of Years in the 
Diocese: 24. Diocesan Offices, Current or Past: 
Chair, Commission on Liturgy; Standing Commit- 
tee, 1983-85; Board of the Camp & Conference 
Center; Assistant Secretary of the Diocese, 1970- 
85; Task Force on Anglican, Roman Catholic 
Dialogues. Nominator: The Rev. Fred L. Th- 

C. Thomas Midyette, III. City or town: Durham. 
Position: Rector, St. Philip's. Number of Years 
Since Ordination: 24. Number of Years in the 
Diocese: 13. Diocesan Offices,. Current or Past: 
Diocesan Council, 1987-89; 1988 Chairman, Dept. 
of Mission & Outreach, Member, 1986-present; 
Dean of the Durham Convocation, 1986-92; Board 
of Visitors at Kanuga, 1988-91; Chairman, 
Murdoch Memorial Fund, 1982-85; Deputy to Gen- 
eral Convention, 1978; Chair, Dept. of Camps & 
Conferences, 1976-77 (Dio. of E. Caro.) Chair, 
Stewardship for the Diocese of East Carolina, 1973- 
74; Chair, Finance Committee, 1973; Trustee, 

Education Grants Committee; Board Member, 
Christian Social Ministries; Chair, Hunger 
Commission, 1986-89; Adult leader. Diocesan 
Youth Trip to Honduras, 1989-90; Executive 
Committee Member, Clergy Association of North 
Carolina, 1986-87; Board Member, Conference 
Center of the Diocese, 1985-88. Nominator: The 
Rev. Fielder Israel. 

Trustees of the University 
of the South 

Clerical Order: 1 to be elected 

Dwight Ogier. City or town: Raleigh. Position: 
Associate Rector, St. Michael's. Number of Years 
Since Ordination: 19. Number of Years in the 
Diocese: 4. Diocesan Offices, Current or Past: 
Penick Home Board; Committee on Marriage; 
Evangelism and Renewal Commission; Trustee, 
University of the South. Nominator: The Rev. 
Louis C. Melcher, Jr. 



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1991 Convention Committees 
(Per Canon 13) 

On Administration of the Diocese 

The Rev. Keith Mathews, Chair 

The Rev. John T. Broome 

Connie Sessum 

The Rev. I. Mayo Little 

W.O. Warner 

Cyrus D. Hogue, III 

A.L. Purrington, III 

Lloyd Childers 

On Credentials 

Jane House, Chair 

The Rev. Edward King 

Florence Trevor 

The Rev. David Sweeney 

Philip Smith 

The Rev. Joan Grimm 

Ronald Stephens 

Brent Morehouse 

On Elections 

The Rev. Robert Dannals, Chair 
The Rev. Diane Corlett 
Thomas K. Gibson 
Marian Thorne 
G.W. Etheridge 
Olivia Hardin 
Ann Delamar 
James Revis 

On Faith and Morals 

Elizabeth Hargrave, Chair 

The Rev. Edmund Pickup, Jr. 

Steven Techet 

The Rev. Jay Hobbs 

Harry Harding 

The Rev. Anne Hodges-Copple 

Caroline Goodwin 

Luthenia Harris 

On National and International Affairs 

William Bryant, Chair 
The Rev. Anne Pugh 
Howell Roberts, Jr. 
The Rev. Wilson Carter 
Dr. Prezell Robinson 
The Rev. Dudley Colhoun 
Judy Lane 
Donna J. Hicks 

On The Program of the Church 

Edward Hardison, Chair 

The Rev. William Poulos 

Kathy Hykes 

The Rev. Thomas Ehrich 

Carol Long 

The Rev. B. Daniel Sapp 

Samuel Tallman, Jr. 

Dr. Jan Freeman 

On Social Concerns 

The Rev. Patricia Shoemaker, Chair 

The Rev. Henry Parsley, Jr. 

John Hunter 

The Rev.Steve Elkins- Williams 

Helen Disher 

Christine Houpe 

Thomas Metzloff 

Nicholas Long 


Thursday, January 24 

2 pm - 10 pm 

Registration of clergy, delegates and 


Convention Center foyer 


Exhibitor Registration 

2 pm 

Exhibits and bookstore open 

Convention Center - Hall A 

4:30 pm - 5:45 pm 

Hearing and committee meetings 
Omni Hotel meeting rooms 

Social Concerns 

Faith and Morals 

National and International Affairs 

Administration of the Diocese 

Program of the Church 

Constitution and Canons 

6 pm - 7:30 pm 

Light Supper provided by Church 

Women of the parishes in the Durham 


Trinity Methodist Church 

7:30 pm 

Holy Eucharist and bishop's address 
Trinity Methodist Church 

9 pm 

New delegate orientation by the Very 

Rev. Robert Sessum, dean of Charlotte 


Omni Hotel Ballroom 

9 pm - 10 pm 

Hearings continued 

Friday, January 25 

8 am - 7 pm 

Exhibits and bookstore open 
Convention Center - Hall A 

7 am - 5 pm 

Registration of delegates, visitors and 


Convention Center Foyer 

8 am - 11:15 am 

Morning Prayer followed by business 


Convention Center Halls B & C 

11:15 am 

Noonday Prayer 

Noon - 1:15 pm 

Fourth Annual Hunger Luncheon 

Sissy Levin 

Urban Ministries Center and St. Philip's 


1:30 pm - 4:30 pm 

Afternoon business session followed by 

Evening Prayer 

Convention Center Halls B & C 

4 pm 

Clergy and delegate spouse event 
Brightleaf Square 

6:30 pm 

Reception with cash bar 
Omni Ballroom 

7:30 pm 

Banquet and dancing to the Steve 
Cunningham Trio 
Omni Ballroom 

Saturday, January 26 

8 am - 3 pm 

Exhibits and bookstore open 
Convention Center - Hall A 

8 am - 11:30 am 

Morning Prayer followed by business 


Convention Center - Halls B & C 

11:30 am 

Noonday Prayer followed by lunch 
Dining Room and Ballroom 101 

12:30 pm 

Afternoon business session 
Convention Center - Halls B & C 

Adjournment of Convention 

Childcare available throughout the 

Convention office, Room 108 

Prayer Room, Room 107 (available only 
after 7 a.m. Friday) 



New books, religious and general 

Architecture volume features 
many Episcopal Churches 

North Carolina's Episcopal churches are 
well represented in a significant new 
study of statewide architecture recently 
published by the University of North 
Carolina Press. 

North Carolina Architecture, a 532- 
page oversized volume, contains 490 
duotone photographs and 18 color plates, 
most of which were made by Tim 

The text was written by Catherine W. 
Bishir, an architectural historian with the 
Division of Archives and History. As 
survey coordinator for the division's His- 
toric Preservation Office, Bishir proba- 
bly knows the nuances and character of 
the state's architecture better than almost 
anyone else. Together she and Buchman 
traveled throughout the state researching 
buildings for the book. Buchman esti- 
mates that he put 44,000 miles on his car 
while working on the project. Chosen 
from a pool of applicants, he is a photo- 
grapher and associate with Rick Alexan- 
der and Associates, Inc., an architectural 
photography firm in Charlotte. 

There are 17 photographs or plans 
of the interiors and exteriors of some of 
the state's most interesting Episcopal 
churches built prior to 1940, the upward 
date of the study, which begins with the 
colonial period and covers all phases of 
North Carolina architecture, from simple 
outbuildings to the most elaborate 
mansions and public buildings. 

Published for the Historic Preservation 
Foundation of North Carolina to com- 
memorate its 50th anniversary, North 
Carolina Architecture sells for $59.95. 

The bat and the bishop: 
a history in stories 

Did you know that theological reform 
was born out of a small inn in Cam- 

St. Matthew's Church, Hillsborough, constructed 1825-1826, as pictured In 
Catherine W. Blshlr's new book, North Carolina Architecture. 

bridge, England? And that an ax-wield- 
ing young priest was responsible for con- 
gregational participation as we know it? 
Why were the balconies removed from 
Anglican churches in the early 20th 

century? And what became of the bish- 
op who had a bat interrupt his election? 
Robert Prichard, a professor of church 
history at Virginia Seminary in Alexan- 
dria, collected these nuggets of knowl- 

edge and notables over years of study 
and research. Always fond of a good 
story, Prichard began sharing them with 
his students. He noticed that they appre- 
ciated them and responded to them as 
well. He discovered that retelling the 
stories was "an important meeting point 
for the interested amateur and the pro- 
fessional academic." These fascinating- 
-often funny-accounts of religious his- 
tory have worked to help bridge gaps 
between students and teachers as well as 
between priests and their congregations. 

From these stories we learn that many 
established customs, ideas, and obser- 
vances of the Church originated from 
relatively obscure incidents. We gain 
new insights into well-known historical 
figures and we better understand the 
evolution of the Church. 

Originally written as separate columns 
for the monthly newspaper, The Virginia 
Episcopalian, Prichard's volume, The 
Bat and the Bishop, is a selection of 54 
of his most interesting anecdotes. The 
book should prove an excellent resource 
for lectures and sermons. PS. The su- 
perstitious voters believed the bat, not 
the bishop. This new 132-page volume 
sells for $7.95 and is published in pa- 
perback by Morehouse Publishing of 
Wilton, Connecticut. 

AAM publishes handbook 
for church musicians 

The Association of Anglican Musicians 
(AAM) has recently published the Hand- 
book for the Selection, Employment and 
Ministry of Church Musicians. This 
handbook will be useful to churches 
seeking to hire a musician and also to 
those currently employing a musician. 
Copies may be obtained by sending a 
check for $5 to the AAM Communica- 
tions Office, Trinity Cathedral, 310 W. 
17th Street, Little Rock, Arkansas 
72206. • 

ness will increase. Will the churches 
provide some grace in the midst of 

In their final responses, Bishop 
Williams spoke of being "stimulated by 
the readiness to listen in the smaller 
groups," but had been hoping for more 
discussion of "areas of disagreements- 
abortions, rights of women, Third World 
overpopulation. ..I'm enjoying the 
agreement but miss the debates with the 
Catholics on final judgments." Bishop 
McDaniel reported, "Bob Schriber 
(conference coordinator) says attendance 
is falling off-maybe we need new 
formats, excitement." Bishop Gossman 
felt, "These are very important meetings 

because we become familiar with each 
other (I don't think strangers do anything 
important). We are only at the begin- 
ning. The Christian endeavor is a com- 
mon endeavor. In our disagreements, 
there are things common. To make con- 
nection between our faith and human 
behavior is helpful. We have to encour- 
age and foster discussion." 

A missing metaphor 

At the conclusion, there was a sense of 
incompletion among some participants 
as if something had been left undone, or 
had turned out to be not quite what they 
expected. A missing metaphor, perhaps, 
or that sense of closure Dr. Sedgewick 

had repeatedly recommended be post- 
poned in order to keep dialogue going. 
But, people feel more comfortable with 

Actually, perhaps without realizing it, 
the metaphor at least was there, all 
around them. The drive along Bogue 
Banks, the island on which Trinity Cen- 
ter is located, is lined with live oaks, 
unlike any most of us have seen. Under 
year around prevailing southerly winds 
blowing fiercely across the narrow is- 
land, the live oaks have been bent down 
and shaped into sculptures of incredible 
beauty, like larger versions of the ex- 
quisite miniature Japanese Bonsai trees. 
Or, perhaps, like the Church Triumphant 

bending under the endless winds of his- 
torical change, the church challenged to 
preserve the integrity of faith while at 
the same time honoring individual con- 
science, the church teaching while at the 
same time listening. 

There is a deepening of faith to be 
found in moral decision. The winds won't 
go away, but neither will the trees. • 

Ed Devany is a freelance writer and 
visiting artist/theater teacher for the 
North Carolina Arts Council and the 
N.C. Department of Community colleges. 
An associate of the Society of St. John 
the Evangelist, he is currently a member 
of the Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill. 




On fire with religion 

John Justice and I like a little humor and 
he was kind enough to publish two arti- 
cles of mine-one of that category. I'll 
miss him! 

Thought this would tickle our readers- 
-"Many a true word is spoken (written) 
in jest." It was sent to me as is, proba- 
bly "contributed": 

During an ecumenical gathering, 
somebody rushed in and shouted, "The 
building is on fire!" 

The Methodists gathered in a corner 
and prayed; 

The Baptists cried, "Where's the 

The Christian Scientists agreed there 
was no fire; 

The Fundamentalists shouted, "It's 
the vengeance of God!"; 

The Lutherans posted a notice on the 
door declaring the fire was not justified; 

The Quakers quietly praised God for 
the blessings that fire brings; 

The Jews posted symbols on the door 
hoping the fire would pass over; 

The Roman Catholics took up a sec- 
ond collection; 

The Congregationalists and Southern 
Baptists shouted, "Every man for him- 

The Presbyterians appointed a chair- 
person who was to appoint a committee 
to look into the matter; 

The Unitarians roasted marshmallows; 
and the Episcopalians formed a pro- 
cession and marched out in grand style! 

(Mrs. E.E.) Mariane O. Ross 
Good Shepherd, Raleigh 

Reader opposes "pedantic" 
view of liturgical changes 

The pedantic answer to the question of 
variations in the liturgy, in the December 
1990 Communicant's "Asked at the 
Church Door" column, in these days of 
awareness of non-inclusive language 
disturbs me. The church recognizes the 
need for change by offering supplemen- 
tal liturgies such as those presented for 
use in the spring of 1990. These are 
being revised and prepared for use. 
Through suggestions and a variety of 
efforts we'll come to a more understand- 
able use of language in worshipping 
God. Both Testaments describe lives of 
strong women such as Sarah, Esther, 
Mary Magdalene, and Priscilla to name a 
few. I think it is inappropriate to call for 
letter of the law on the current wording. 
Our unity comes through the Holy Spirit 
and the Grace of God. I am thankful for 
the wisdom found in the Book of Com- 
mon Prayer and look for liturgies similar 
to those available in the supplemental 
liturgies to be available again. 

Cathy Milner Markatos 
St. Bartholomew's, Pittsboro 

Editor's note: "Asked at the Church 
Door " is a column sponsored by the 
diocesan Commission on Liturgy and 
Music and written by one of the Commis- 
sion members. Readers are encouraged 
to submit questions on liturgical matters, 
or customs and practices of the Episco- 
pal Church in general, to "Asked at the 
Church Door, " c/o The Communicant, 
P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, N.C. 27619. 

"Lewis doesn't speak for me," 
says Smithfield priest 

Prior to leaving on his well-publicized 
trip to Iraq, the Rev. Jim Lewis, Director 
of Christian Social Ministries for the 
Diocese of North Carolina, sent the cler- 
gy an open letter. It seems that while 
some people around the Diocese flat- 
tered him for his outspoken views-even 
calling him a prophet-others were very 
critical of him for those same views, ap- 
parently in some unkind ways. Jim's 
letter seemed to me to be both angry 
and defensive. I wondered at the time 
whether he thought people with outspo- 
ken views on controversial issues would 
ever be free from criticism and rebuttal. 

I know Jim Lewis, and I try to read the 
letters he sends me. I don't think he is a 
"false prophet" (i.e., one who tells the 
king and the people what they want to 
hear); and I doubt that he is a true proph- 
et, for (to the best of my knowledge) he 
neither prefaces his views with any sense 
of being called by God to express them 
nor does he anchor his views in some 
relevant Christian teaching. He seems to 
me to be a man who is moved much 
more deeply than most people by suffer- 
ing and injustice of any kind. Like Lara 
said of Dr. Zhivago in the famous film, 
"his heart is paper thin"; it bleeds easily. 
What I don't like about Jim's views on 
the possibility of armed conflict with 
Iraq is the complete absence of any men- 
tion of the consequences of not acting, 
of not standing up to Iraq's ruthless pil- 
lage of Kuwait. If you recall, the justi- 
fication for using atomic weapons on 

Japan in 1945 that has stood the test of 
time in our history books is expressed in 
terms of how much more costly it would 
have been for everyone involved not to 
have used them. Similarly, how much 
more costly will it be to us and the other 
nations aligned against Iraq when Sad- 
dam Hussein adds nuclear weapons to 
his biological and chemical arsenal. 
And, who can doubt his willingness to 
use these weapons on potential enemies 
when he has already used them on his 
own people. 

The only cost Jim seems to take note 
of is the immediate cost in terms of 
human suffering and death. Yet, as we 
all must know, while war is full of tragic 
consequences and human misery, both 
our religion and our nation were born in 
its troubled waters, baptized in its vio- 
lence, and confirmed again and again in 
the blood and tears of brave men and 
women who were willing to fight and 
die for what they believed, and who 
were willing to trust in their national 

Contrary to what some may think, the 
clergy have no lock on moral vision. In 
my recent copy of "National and Inter- 
national Religion Report" (a religious 
news service), I read that our Presiding 
Bishop Edmund Browning visited Presi- 
dent Bush at the White House recently 
and "implored him not to resort to war 
to force Iraq out of Kuwait." According 
to Bishop Browning, President Bush (a 
tithing Episcopalian, by the way) re- 
plied, "How can we morally not do any- 
thing?" The President's moral vision 
might be sharper and keener than that of 
the rest of us since he bears so much 
more personal responsibility for the 
consequences of what happens in the 
Persian Gulf. 

I don't know anyone in his right mind 
who wants war. But as the moral theolo- 
gians tell us in their somewhat ponder- 
ous way, "if the evil produced by the 
war isn't out of proportion with the evil 
the war aims to prevent, then the war is 
just." "Just" wars aren't something I 
want to defend in any way. But I do 
believe that a ruthless dictator armed 
with, and willing to use, loathsome bi- 
ological and chemical weapons must be 
confronted by some nation-or combina- 
tion of nations-who have both the armed 
might and the moral resolve to do so. 
Who else but America can do this? And, 
if we don't do it, how do we morally 
justify our inaction-as our President 
asked our Presiding Bishop. 

Who in the church today will take the 
President's question seriously enough to 
frame a thoughtful reply. Presiding 
Bishop Browning? Jim Lewis? Let me 
try using words President Bush and his 
advisors have used again and again. We 
must pursue every diplomatic and poli- 
tical solution imaginable, but we must 
also stand firm on the bottom line that 
Iraq must restore to Kuwait its freedom. 

The idea of peace through military 
strength and firm resolve doesn't square 
very well with those in the church who 
give us a lopsided view of "sweet Jesus, 
meek and mild" who turns the other 
cheek when slapped and who forgives 7 
x 77 times. But, peace through strength 
and firm resolve makes a lot of sense to 
anyone who has been harassed and 
menaced by a bully. The simple truth is 
that dictators, despots, bullies, and thugs 
have no respect for either our gospel 
truths or .those who proclaim them. 
Jesus knew this! In that great line from 

Matthew 16, he sent the disciples out as 
sheep in the midst of wolves, urging 
them to be "wise as serpents and harm- 
less as doves." He was urging them to 
keep their motives clean and pure but to 
never, ever lose sight of how things 
really are in the world and with "the 
sons of darkness" who rule the world. I 
fear Jim Lewis has lost sight of the real 
world and the "sons of darkness" who 
rule it. His message comes down to this 
impeccable moralism: "It shouldn't 
ought to be this way." And, he is right! 
It shouldn't ought to be. But it is! 

The burden fellows like Jim Lewis 
impose on the rest of us is one in which 
undifferentiated feelings drown out 
measured thought and balanced judg- 
ments. All too often, people like Jim 
deal in powerful images and moving 
"sound bites," reminding us of such grim 
realities as that of our servicemen and 
women "shipped home in body bags" or 
showing us touching pictures of such 
victims of violence as a starving child or 
a grieving mother. Their "bleeding 
hearts" (and I do not use that expression 
in a pejorative sense ) seem to blind 
them to questions of how costly or moral 
their positions might be in the long haul. 
In fact, as far as I can tell, they don't 
address the long haul at all. 

Jim Lewis doesn't speak for me on 
matters of war and peace in the troubled 
Mid-East, and I doubt he speaks for that 
many others in either the Diocese or the 
nation. He is a warm-hearted man who 
cares deeply about the human suffering 
in the world; but, in my opinion, he is 
neither a prophet (false or true) nor one 
whose moral vision is any greater than 
the President's or yours or mine. 

The Rev. Robert K. Pierce 
St. Paul's, Smithfield 


Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends: . 

It*s hard to think about anything else but 
the situation in the Persian Gulf. I hope 
you will continue to pray for peace as 
well as for those leaders who make the 
decisions. I know too that our prayers 
are offered for the men and women gath- 
ered in the desert and for their families 
they have left behind. And, as our Lord 
taught us, we pray for our enemies. That 
may be the hardest part. 

In the midst of world affairs we go on 
with the work of the Church and, as this 
issue shows, we are on the verge of 
another Diocesan Convention, this time 
in Durham. World issues will be raised 
there along with various diocesan ma- 
tters. We will worship, pray, play (one 
night is designated for a banquet and 
dance), and set the directions and priori- 
ties for the year ahead. I hope you will 
identify your representatives and insist 
that they bring back a report to you and 
to your congregation. 

Many of our members either ignore or 
are ignorant of the basic teachings of the 
Episcopal Churc' . I hope the clergy and 
those responsible for adult education 
have taken my request seriously over the 
past year and have offered courses and 
seminars on the basic teachings of the 

Episcopal Church. Whether we are a- 
mong the majority who have come to the 
Episcopal Church from other churches, 
or are "cradle Episcopalians," I believe 
we need refresher courses in the basic, 
essential things that make up our church. 
No "Decade of Evangelism" can be 
effective unless we know who we are 
and where we come from in our particu- 

lar fellowship and communion. 

All of that, as "churchy" as it might 
sound in the midst of the world's turmoil 
and needs, does, nonetheless, have to do 
with life itself. It has to do with our 
baptismal vows which we took or which 
were taken in our name, and with the 
new life we were given there through 
God's action and grace. 

The New Year is a good time to read 
the Baptismal Covenant. It is a good 
time to resolve again to "continue in 
the apostles' teaching and fellowship, in 
the breaking of the bread, and in the 
prayers." A good time to "persevere in 
resisting evil, and whenever you fall into 
sin, repent and return to the Lord." A 
good time to "proclaim by word and 
example the Good News of God in 
Christ." When we do that, we can, God 
helping us, "seek and serve Christ in all 
persons, loving (our) neighbor as" we do 
ourselves and can then, "strive for jus- 
tice and peace among all people, and 
respect the dignity of every human 

That brings us full circle, doesn't it? 

Faithfully yours, 
Robert W. Estill 

Bishop's visitation schedule 

January 27 

St. Mark's, Raleigh 10:30 a.m. 

February 3 

St. Timothy's, Winston-Salem 11:00 a.m. 

St. Luke's, Salisbury 3:00 p.m. 

February 10 

Church of the Nativity, Raleigh 9:00 a.m. 
Church of the Good Shepherd, Raleigh 
11:00 a.m. 

February 17 

Holy Innocents, Henderson 10:00 a.m. 

St. Ambrose, Raleigh 3:00 p.m. 

March 3 

Church of the Good Shepherd, 

Cooleemee 9:30 a.m. 

Church of the Ascension, Fork 11:15 a.m. 

St. Clements, Clemmons 3:00 p.m. 

March 6 

Church of the Good Shepherd, Raleigh - 

Lenten Service 6:00 p.m. 

March 10 

St. Mary's, High Point 11:00 a.m. 

St. Joseph's, Durham 3:00 p.m. 

Suffragan Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends in Christ, 

The approach of the 175 th Annual Dio- 
cesan Convention comes to me as some- 
thing of a jolt. Can it be a year since my 
being elected at the last convention? A 
whole year ago? Only a year ago? It 
seems like such a short time and also 
like a far longer time than this. I wonder 
how it can be both. 

I guess that time goes quickly when 
you are having fun. And I certainly have 
been having fun. No two days the same, 
a huge variety within each day, and so 
much to learn and from so many dedi- 
cated people. I've learned the wisdom 
of Bishop Estill's advice to take at least 
a year to settle in and find my way, for 

But in some strange way the opposite 
is also true. It feels like I've been here 
for as long as I can remember. I guess 
that's what comes from being so long a 
member of the Diocese. 

In any case I surely feel that I belong 
here, even though my present role is a 
recent one for me. And though I've been 
learning a lot, a good deal of that has 
been the rediscovery and the confirma- 
tion of things that I seem always to have 
. known. 

For instance, I've sensed a loyalty to 
the Diocese that I run into almost every 
day-from people who have traveled far 
to come to meetings that they care 
about, and where they try to give their 
very best. Or I've sensed their pride in 
their local congregation and their readi- 
ness to share its material and spiritual 
resources beyond themselves. These are 
evidences of a surprising, and yet a fa- 
miliar Reality that holds us all together. 

I suspect that we can look forward to 
encountering this same sort of Reality 
when we gather at Convention, coming 
out of our distinctive separatenesses and 
into the unity that we not only have long 
since known but have learned to trust is 
there, beneath whatever may be dividing 
us on the surface. 

Look for the unity of the Spirit and the 
bond of peace that God is giving us to 
rediscover and to live and work within. 
It is there. 

Hunt Williams 

Suffragan Bishop's visitation schedule 

January 20 

St. Matthias, Louisburg 9:00 a.m. 

St. Paul's, Louisburg 11:00 a.m. 

January 27 

All Saints, Greensboro 10:00 a.m. 
Church of the Redeemer, Greensboro 
3:00 p.m. 

February 10 

St. Clare's, Charlotte 10:00 a.m. 

St. Catherine's, Charlotte 2:00 p.m. 

St. Christopher's, Charlotte (Celebration of 

new ministry, Geoffrey Schmitt) 5:00 p.m. 

February 17 

St. Michael's. Raleigh 9:00 & 11:15 a.m. 

February 24 

Holy Comforter, Charlotte 8:00 a.m. & 

10:00 a.m. 

March 3 

Good Shepherd, Asheboro 10:30 a.m. 

Trinity, Fuquay-Varina 10:30 a.m. 

March 10 

St. Margaret's, Charlotte 10:30 a.m. 


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Vol. 82, No. 2 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

March 1991 

War overshadows Convention 

By E. T. Malone Jr. 

Preoccupation with the ongoing Persian 
Gulf War made it difficult for the 438 
delegates registered at the 175th Annual 
Convention of the Episcopal Diocese of 
North Carolina to concentrate on more 
routine business. Nevertheless, they list- 
ened to four major addresses, endorsed a 
sheaf of resolutions, elected representa- 
tives to numerous boards and councils, 
passed a "hold-the-line" budget, and 
struggled to locate an elusive consensus 
regarding the Christian perspective on 
our nation's role in a vast, horrifying yet 
enthralling military conflict. 

The Convention was conducted Jan- 
uary 24-26 in Durham. 

Bishop's address 

Diocesan Bishop Robert W. Estill, in 
an 11 -page convention. address delivered 
at the opening Thursday night eucharist, 
held at Trinity Methodist Church in 
downtown Durham, told delegates that 

those countries being bombed," he 
urged. He asked his hearers to pray for 
one another, especially for those with 
whose opinions they differed. "I urge 
you to avoid personal attacks on each 
other," he said. 

Faced with the appalling list of our 
nation's domestic problems and econom- 
ic woes, Bishop Estill argued that the 
Church can avoid irrelevance by being 
"radical" in its knowledge of Jesus Christ. 
The Church, he declared, "ought to be 
in the thick of the issues that face us in 
the world." 

The bishop said that he knows of "no 
other diocese in the Episcopal Church 
which has more going on in Christian 
Social Ministries and outreach," and he 
praised the particular outreach efforts of 
several urban parishes that operate soup 
kitchens, shelters, and housing programs. 

Being like Jesus means staying in 
trouble, he noted, adding that "We must 
not lose our sense of outrage or our will- 
ingness to be involved." He commend- 
ed the Rev. Jim Lewis, diocesan director 

A capacity crowd attended the annual Hunger Luncheon. 

the war had created divisions at home 
and killing abroad. "Those of us who 
hoped there would be a longer time for 
sanctions and embargoes to work, and 
those who felt we should not be there at 
all, are faced with the reality of the 
war," he noted. 

He called on North Carolina Episcopa- 
lians to pray for all participants in the 
war and their families, as well as for the 
victims of the war. 

"I want to call you to follow our 
Lord's command, and pray for our 
enemies as well as for the civilians in 

of Christian Social Ministries, for his 
commitment and energy. 

In other areas, Bishop Estill noted that 
the Companion Diocese Commission 
will be renamed the "Overseas Commis- 
sion"; diocesan investments are being 
examined with regard to South Africa 
and other criteria suggested by the Na- 
tional Church; cutbacks in diocesan staff 
have required difficult redesigning of 
staff responsibilities and job descriptions 
-a new position called assistant to the 
bishop for ministry and program has been 
created, and editorship of the diocesan 

newspaper is now a part-time job; pub- 
lication of the newspaper has been 
reduced to six issues per year; he praised 
Frances Payne for her outstanding work 
as youth coordinator; he said that he felt 
encouraged by the employment of John 
Koch as director of the Camp and Con- 
ference Center and the recovering finan- 
cial situation at the facility; he informed 
the delegates of the important work of 
the Diocesan Council's department of 
planning and review, chaired by the Rev. 
David Williams, in establishing a long 
range planning process as called for by 
the 1990 Convention; the Evangelism 
and Renewal Commission under new 
chairman Jim Godfrey will be moving 
into the first phase of its plan for the "De- 
cade of Evangelism"; he promised that 
structured opportunities will be provided 
for dialogue with our diocesan deputies 
to General Convention. 

Sis and Jerry Levin 

Sis Levin, wife of a former American 
hostage in Lebanon, brought a strong 
anti-war message to the Convention. 
Speaking at St. Philip's Church follow- 
ing the annual Hunger Luncheon, held 
this year at the Urban Ministries Center, 
she called the United States a "dysfunc- 
tional" society that refuses to face the 
real consequences of war. She said that 
she and other peace activists have felt 
their "numbness" changing to anger 
since fighting broke out with Iraq. 

Mrs. Levin is author of the book 
Beirut Diary, recently made into a tele- 
vision movie featuring Mario Thomas. It 
relates her frustrations in dealing with 
American authorities while attempting to 
free her husband, Jerry Levin, former 
Cable News Network bureau chief in 

Jerry Levin, additionally, addressed 
the Convention's morning business 
session Friday, January 25, at the Omni 
Hotel. Americans had hoped for "pa- 
tient, fair-minded negotiations" prior to 
the outbreak of war, he said. "Now our 
hopes are overwhelmed with monumen- 
tal anxiety," he added, as the United 
States and most of the world seek to 
restore order but not peace to the Middle 
East. He predicted that the United States 
would win the military conflict, but find 
itself faced with an unstable, chaotic 
situation in the region afterwards. 

[Complete transcripts of the Levins' 
speeches and a videotape of Mrs. Levin's 
talk at St. Philip's are available from the 
diocesan office of Christian Social Min- 
istries in Raleigh.] 

Bill Harrison, St. Philip's, Durham, 
calls war "defensible." 

Suffragan bishop 's address 

Suffragan Bishop Hunt Williams, 
speaking to the Convention's Friday 
afternoon business session, outlined his 
vision of the most important program of 
the Diocese: developing people in the 
body of Christ. 

Describing how he has moved in the 
past year from viewing the Diocese from 
the perspective of a parish priest to that 
of a bishop, he said that also, since the 
last convention, "I find myself with a 
fresh perspective on the program of the 
church in this diocese." 

The diocesan program, he said, in a 
real sense includes all of the good things 
that are done in local congregations, 
where people see each other frequently 
and work together directly, exercising 
more direct control over what goes on. 
Other aspects of program, however, 
don't seem to be as appropriate for local 
congregations to try to undertake by 

Beginning at the level of youth work, 
and on into college, where the individual 
young person typically moves away 
from family and congregational influ- 
ence and is more affected by peer inter- 
action, the investment of the Church in 
diocesan youth activities and college 
chaplaincy work becomes crucial, he 
said. Their development as people with- 
in the body of Christ proceeds as they 
rediscover the richness of worshiping 
and continuing to learn of the ways that 
God loves and saves and calls His people. 

He pointed out the Education for 
Ministry (EFM) program for adults as 
See Convention, page 4 

Around the diocese 

Harris delivers keynote talk at 
St. Augustine's convocation 

The Rt. Rev. Barbara C. Harris, suffra- 
gan bishop of the Diocese of Massachu- 
setts, was keynote speaker at the 124th 
Founders' Convocation at St. Augus- 
tine's College in Raleigh on January 29, 
during ceremonies held in the college's 
Emery Gymnasium. The Convocation 
was part of St. Augustine's Founders' 
Day and Home- coming activities, which 
continued with a president's reception on 
Friday, February 1, a Founders' Day 
banquet on February 2, and a concluding 
worship service in the college chapel the 
following morning. 

Wardens' conference set 

The diocese will conduct its ninth annual 
Wardens' Conference on Saturday, April 
6, at the Camp and Conference Center at 
Browns Summit. In a change from pre- 
vious procedures, the conference will be 
open this year to junior wardens as well 
as to senior wardens. 

In a general letter sent February 14 to 
parishes and missions across the diocese, 
Bishop Estill noted: "These meetings 
are especially valuable to our Diocese 
and to me. I hope they are to you. We 
need to have some time together each 
year in order to share our concerns, pro- 
grams, and goals." He urged wardens 
who will be unable to attend to send a 
vestry member in their place. 

The conference will begin with 
registration and coffee at 9:45 a.m. and 
adjourn promptly at 3:00 p.m. Lunch 
will be provided. Questions regarding 
the wardens' conference may be directed 
to the Rev. William S. Brettmann, 
assistant to the bishop for ministry and 
program (919) 787-6313. 

New parish house blessed at 
St. Luke's, Durham 

On the Feast of the Epiphany, January 6, 
the Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill officiated 
at the blessing of the new parish house at 
St. Luke's Church in Durham. The new 
structure is the result of more than three 
years of planning, fund-raising, and 
construction, and was carefully designed 
architecturally to complement St. Luke's 
existing church and educational buildings. 

The new parish house, like other St. 
Luke's buildings, is barrier-free and 

The new building contains a large all- 
purpose room for meetings, meals, fel- 
lowship, and coffee hour; classrooms; 
vesting rooms; nursery; kitchen; and 
bathrooms. Even before being blessed 
by the bishop, the parish house accom- 
modated St. Luke's annual charity ba- 
zaar, all proceeds from which are given 
to outreach ministries in the community; 
and since the bishop's blessing, it has 

hosted the pre-convention convocation 
meeting and the annual parish meeting 
and dinner; and has been the site of a 
six-week Lenten lecture series by Bishop 
Estill sponsored by the congregations of 
Durham and Orange counties. 

The bishop's prayer of dedication 
included the following: 

"Mercifully accept and bless this 
Parish House, in the Name of the Father 
and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit; 
and grant that this building may be 
found worthy through your blessing to 
magnify your Name. 

May tasty food for the nourishment of 
bodies be prepared here. 

May loving hospitality for the nurture 
of souls be enjoyed here. 

May friendships be born and strength- 
ened here. 

May your Word be taught and lived 

May prayers and praises be offered 
here, from generation to generation, 
through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives 
and reigns with you in the unity of the 
Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. 
AMEN. " 

The clergy of St. Luke's are Robert C. 
Johnson Jr., Anne Hodges-Copple, and 
Elizabeth W. Grant; the architect is 
Frank A. DePasquale; and the chairman 
of the building committee is Paul S. 

Holy Week walk begins in 
Roanoke Rapids 

The Carolina Task Force on Central 
America is sponsoring a series of Lenten 
events across the state, entitled "The Pil- 
grimage for Peace and Life." Part of 
this series will be a walk from Roanoke 
Rapids to Raleigh during Holy Week, 
March 24-30, to conclude with a reli- 
gious service on Saturday in Raleigh 
calling for "a new, life-giving way of 
life." Walkers will stop for lunch and 
prayers at noon and in the evenings stop 
at local churches who will provide pot- 
luck suppers and overnight rest. Walkers 
will pass through Enfield, Rocky Mount, 
Spring Hope, and Louisburg. For further 
information contact Ann Thompson, 112 
Yorkshire Drive, Cary, N.C. 27511, 
(919) 467-7248, or Sara Arnold, 8200 
Hillside Drive, Raleigh, N.C. 27612, 
(919) 781-0762. 

Applications solicited for 
Mathews scholarship 

The Commission on Women's Issues has 
announced that applications for 1991 
Lex Mathews Scholarships are now 
available at the office of Christian Social 
Ministries at Diocesan House in Raleigh. 
The scholarships provide study funds for 
the mature woman who has been out of 
the work force for a period of time, or 
who needs to upgrade her skills or edu- 

Twenty-one foursomes spent the morning playing cards and then enjoyed a 
luncheon together recently as the ECW of Emmanuel, Southern Pines, held its 
annual benefit Luncheon-Card Party. The group donated profits of $500 to Pine- 
tree Enterprises, a non-profit center that provides employment for physically and 
mentally handicapped adults. From left are kitchen helpers Dona Webster, Ann 
Pratt, ECW president Joanne Kilpatrick, Connie Burkhardt, and Mary Helen 

cation to advance her career opportuni- 
ties. The stipends depend on the course 
of study and needs of the recipient. 

Any female, 35 years of age or older, 
an Episcopalian (may be waived), who 
can outline a course of study, make a 
quality proposal, and show financial 
need is eligible for consideration. Funds 
will not permit every applicant to be 
awarded a scholarship. The number of 
scholarships will depend on the level of 
interest income from the fund, estab- 
lished in 1985 and supported by dona- 
tions from throughout the diocese. 

Application deadline is June 15, and 
awards will be announced by July 15. 
To write for an application address: Lex 
Mathews Scholarship Fund, Office of 
Christian Social Ministries, Diocesan 
House, P. O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 

Members of the Lex Mathews Schol- 
arship Committee are Eloise S. Cofer, 
chair, Hennie Gregory, Alice Herring, 
and Marian Safriet. 

Habitat house built by St. 
Mary's, High Point . 

What does a Habitat Home cost? In High 
Point this past fall St. Mary's Church 
found the answer: 60 days, $25,000 
cash, and all kinds of volunteer work. 
One parish family donated the lot, others 
the legal work, some did yard work, car- 
pentry, painting. Some brought Saturday 
picnics to workers. 

Although the house had other commu- 
nity volunteers, the financial cost was St. 
Mary's alone, and this was a first in 
High Point. 

Moving into its new three-bedroom 
home in time for Christmas, the Habitat 
family is paying about $225 per month 
(including taxes and insurance) on its 
15-year no-interest loan. Habitat re- 
ceives the payment, with extra money 
going into a fund for other home start-up 

Conference on ministry of men 
and women together 

The Commission on Women's Issues 
will sponsor a conference on "Men and 
Women Together in Ministry: A Vision 
of Collegiality" beginning at 5:30 p.m. 
on Friday, April 19, and concluding at 
4:00 p.m. Saturday, April 20, at the Con- 
ference Center at Browns Summit. Fur- 
ther details will be available about the 
conference, which is open both to clergy 
and lay people. The leaders will be two 
United Methodist Church ministers, 
Jeanne Finley of Harrisonburg, Virginia, 
and Richard B. Faris of Charlottesville, 
Virginia, who conduct workshops, re- 
treats, and consultations on collegiality 

The Communicant is published bimonthly, 
in January, March, May, July, September, 
and November, by the Episcopal Diocese of 
North Carolina. 


The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop 

The Rt. Rev. Huntington Williams Jr. 


E. T Malone Jr. 

Art Director 

Mary Catherine Sox 

Non-diocesan subscriptions are $10.00. Sub- 
missions are welcome; they are due in the 
10th of the month for the issue dated the 
following month. 

Please send letters and address changes to: 
The Communicant, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, 
NC, 27619. Phone: (919) 787-6313. 

The Communicant is a member of the 
Associated Church Press and the Association 
of Episcopal Communicators. Second-class 
postage paid at Raleigh, North Carolina, and 
at additional post offices. Publication num- 
ber: USPS 392-580. 


This & that, from all over 

Elected to 3-year terms on the vestry at 
St. Paul's, Louisburg, at its January 13 
annual meeting were Paul Hensley, Lee 
Holt, and William Hinton. The parish 
also approved conceptual plans for a 
parish house complex. 

-St. Timothy's, Raleigh, is seeking a 
name for its newsletter. It is reported 
that someone suggested "Hale-fellow, 

-The Solo Flight conference for 
singles, originally scheduled for Febru- 
ary at Kanuga Conference Center, is 
being rescheduled for the fall. The new 
dates are Thursday evening, October 31, 
through Sunday, November 3. Bro- 
chures will be available in the late 
spring. For further information, tele- 
phone the conference coordinator, Kay 
Collier-Slone, at (606) 252-6527, or 
write Solo Flight/Life Force Enterprises, 
P.O. Box 24041, Lexington, Kentucky 

-All across the Diocese, we hear 
admonitions such as that expressed by 
the Rev. Grayson Clary, vicar of St. 
Mary Magdalene's, Troy, in his news- 
letter for February: "We will now be ob- 
serving Lent with war as a reality 

Strive, with God's help, to make this a 
meaningful Lent. Develop your own 
plan for a spiritual journey which will 
lead to a deeper understanding of God's 

love as revealed on Good Friday, and to 
the joy of new life in the risen Lord on 

-Bishop James Parker Dees, 75, who 
resigned from the priesthood of the Epis- 
copal Church in 1963 and subsequently 
played a guiding role in founding the 
Anglican Orthodox Church, a racially 
segregated denomination based in 
Statesville, died on Christmas Day in 
Winston-Salem of heart failure. 

-The Rt. Rev. Barbara Harris was 
awarded an honorary degree during a 
special ceremony at St. Augustine's 
College in Raleigh on January 29. 

-About 40 women attended the ECW 
Worship Retreat led by Bishop Estill at 
Browns Summit on February 5-6 on the 
topic of "Restoring God's Creation to 

-Samuel E. Anderson has been elect- 
ed clerk of the vestry for 1991 at Cal- 
vary Parish, Tarboro. 

-Holy Trinity, Greensboro, is look- 
ing for the blueprints to its chapel, con- 
ducted in 1921. The parish contacted 
the American Institute of Architects, as 
well as the family of the architect Hobart 
B. Upjohn, without success. 

-New president of the Episcopal 
Church Women at All Saints, Concord, 
for 1991 is Sara Beth Cook. 

-Heifer Project International, an 

international development agency which 
has been the recipient of mite box do- 
nations in many of our parishes, received 
the Presidential End Hunger Award on 
World Food Day 1990. The agency helps 
impoverished rural families become 
more self-sufficient by providing them 
with livestock and tools. 

-Richard W. Turner, 57, of Spring 
Hope, a Charlotte native who was an 
Episcopal priest from 1958 to 1981, was 
ordained to the diaconate in the Roman 
Catholic Church on February 16 by 
Bishop Joseph Gossman of Raleigh. 
Turner will be ordained to the Catholic 
priesthood March 23. His ordination 
will bring to about 50 the number of 
married men, all former Episcopal 
priests, to be ordained in the past 10 
years to the Catholic priesthood, the 
North Carolina Catholic reports. 

-The vestry at the Chapel of the 
Cross, Chapel Hill, passed by acclama- 
tion a vote of thanks to Brooke Allan for 
her years of service as assistant treasurer. 

-"Who Are We Episcopalians?" is the 
title of a series of lectures by Bishop 
Estill that will continue on the last two 
Thursdays of Lent, March 21 and 28, at 
7:30 p.m. at St. Luke's, Durham, lo- 
cated at 1737 Hillandale Road. 

-The Church of the Holy Family, 
Chapel Hill, will offer to the community 

the third program in its ongoing series, 
"Christianity and the Arts," on Palm 
Sunday, March 24, at 7:30 p.m. "The 
Voices of Peace," an African-American 
gospel choir of Peace Missionary Baptist 
Church, Durham, will perform. Children 
are especially welcome. The church is 
located at 200 Hayes Road. 

-Representatives of the Episcopal Di- 
vinity School in Cambridge, Massachu- 
setts, will not attend the General Con- 
vention scheduled in July at Phoenix, 
Arizona. At a formal meeting recently 
of the faculty and student executive 
committee, a decision was made to con- 
tribute funds budgeted for members of 
the school community to attend the con- 
vention-about $6,000-to the Absalom 
Jones Scholarship Fund, which provides 
financial aid to African-American semi- 
narians preparing for ordination in the 
Episcopal Church. 

-Blackwell P. Robinson, who wrote 
the chapter on Bishop Levi S. Ives for 
the history of the Episcopal Church in 
North Carolina published in 1987, died 
February 25 in Greensboro. 

-The Christian Social Ministries 
Committees of the three North Carolina 
Episcopal dioceses met in Greensboro on 
March 1 and 2. A tri-diocesan Christian 
Social Ministries Conference is planned 
for sometime during the spring of 1992. • 

Peete to address ECW convention 

By Cackie Kelly 

The environment. The word is on every- 
one's lips, concern for it is pervasive. 
Mail-order catalogues tout that they are 
printed on recycled paper. Shoppers 
take their brown paper sacks back to the 
grocery store for re-use. A sixth-grade 
science class studies the book 50 Simple 
Things Kids Can Do to Save the Earth. 
A housewife no sooner figures out recy- 
cling than she is introduced to the con- 
cept of PREcycling. Global warming, 
CFC's, ozone, PETE, HDPE, landfill 
usage fee-such is the vocabulary of the 

It is befitting, in this time of environ- 
mental awareness, that the theme of the 
109th Annual Meeting of the Episcopal 
Church Women of the Diocese of North 
Carolina is "Caring for God's Creation 
.. .The earth is the Lord's and the full- 
ness thereof, the world and they that 
dwell therein" (Ps.24:l KJV). Browns 
Summit Conference Center will be the 
location of the event on Tuesday and 
Wednesday, April 16 and 17. An an- 

nouncement of the Annual Meeting, 
mailed in January to branch ECW 
presidents, notes that Browns Summit 
". . .provides a perfect setting for cele- 
brating God's creation away from the 
distractions of daily tasks, traffic, and 

Mittie Landi, diocesan ECW presi- 
dent, announces that the keynote speaker 
will be the Rev. Canon Nan Arrington 
Peete, Canon to the Ordinary, Diocese of 
Atlanta. Landi describes this very UN- 
ordinary woman and her ministry in 
these words: "We are indeed blessed to 
have an opportunity to hear this brave 
and able sister who was the first black 
woman to be ordained priest in the 
Diocese of Los Angeles; the first woman 
priest in an anglo-catholic parish; and a 
consultant to the 1988 Lambeth Confer- 

Added to the agenda for the Annual 
Meeting are Spring Seminars for Ser- 
vice, which in past years have been held 
around the diocese each March. In an 
attempt to increase participation in these 
valuable workshops, they will be held on 
Tuesday morning, April 16, prior to the 

The Rev. Canon Nan A. Peete. 

official opening of the convention. Dio- 
cesan ECW officers will conduct the 2- 
hour seminars for their branch counter- 
parts, an excellent opportunity for shar- 
ing ideas, hands-on learning (Hanna 
Kitchin, diocesan chairman for Altar 

Work, hopes to focus on flower arrang- 
ing with audience participation), and 
generally discussing the "ropes" of 
ECW leadership roles. It is hoped that 
all ECW branch officers will attend the 
Spring Seminars and stay on for the 
Annual Meeting. 

Also scheduled for the two-day event 
are business sessions, a panel presenta- 
tion focusing on environmental con- 
cerns, opportunities for socializing and 
fellowship, and a closing Eucharist with 
Bishop Estill giving the sermon. During 
this service, the United Thank Offering 
will be presented. 

The host churches for the 109th An- 
nual Meeting are Church of the Epiph- 
any, St. Luke's, and St. Mary's by-the- 
Highway, all of Eden, and St. Thomas', 
Reidsville. More information concern- 
ing the schedule of events, along with 
registration material, is available from 
branch ECW presidents. • 

Cackie (Mrs. Charles) Kelly, secretary 
of promotions for the diocesan Episcopal 
Church Women, is a communicant of 
Emmanuel Church, Southern Pines. 

MARCH 1991 

Delegates aid planning process 

Convention delegates provided a variety 
of interesting responses to two questions 
presented to them by a representative of 
the Diocesan Council's Long Range 
Planning Process. 

The Rev. David Williams, chairman of 
the planning and review department of 
the Diocesan Council, has prepared a 
summary of the responses that the dele- 
gates made to the following questions: 
(1) What is the first word that comes to 
mind when you hear the word "Dio- 
cese"? and (2) What question do you 
want addressed in a Long Range Plan- 
ning Process? 

The questions were distributed to dele- 
gates seated on the floor of the conven- 
tion during a business session. They 
were given a few minutes to write their 
responses, and then the answers were 
collected by pages. 

In the word association question, two 
nouns got the most attention: bishop, and 
church (or congregation, parish). Ap- 
proximately equal numbers of people 
indicated "bishop" and "the church" as 
the word first associated with "Diocese." 

Many adjectives surfaced from hear- 
ing the word "Diocese." Some exam- 
ples include "pressure," "detached," 
'support," "chaos," "turmoil," "stag- 
nant," "good," "aloof," "boring," 
"big," "liberal," "diverse," and "weak." 
Also mentioned were other nouns: mon- 

ey, home, family, overseer. 

The answers to the "What question do 
you want addressed . . .?" question were 
in several categories: communication, 
evangelism, outreach, stewardship, and 
structure purpose. 

Communications questions revolved 
around diocese-to-parish, parish-to- 
diocese, and parish-to-parish. Some ex- 
amples: "More intercommunication 
needed among parishes/convocations"; 
"Greater communication between the 
Bishop/Administration and small 

churches"; and "How can we make 
more and better use of convocations as a 
communications vehicle within the 

Evangelism questions focused on 
growth of the church: "What do we 
need to be doing to be more attractive 
and relevant to others and be better for 
those of us already in the church in an 
evangelical process?" "How do you 
plan to recruit people to the church, es- 
pecially minorities, and how do you deal 
with existing prejudices in the Dio- 

cese?" "The churches need to hear how 
they can serve God and the church/ 
Diocese." "The churches need to know 
how to grow, especially how to attract 
youth and younger people." "We seem 
unable to speak about the church to 

Concerning stewardship, typical com- 
ments included: "How can we best use 
our money so each parish is not strapped 
for funds?" "We need to fund new 
mission churches." "How can we get 
financial assistance for small churches?" 

Examples of outreach questions in- 
cluded: "From headquarters (Diocese), 
how do we really help the needy?" "Not 
just hit or miss." "Racism is an issue." 

Questions around the diocesan 
structure and purpose: "The Diocese and 
the congregations are out of touch with 
each other." "Diocesan House seems far 
removed from and not responsive to 
messages from the people." "The Dio- 
cese is deep on hierarchy and feels the 
need for the Diocese to filter down aid 
and resources to the parishes and 
missions, rather than vice-versa." 

According to the Rev. Williams S. 
Brettmann, assistant to the bishop for 
ministry and program, the Diocesan 
Council projects an extensive informa- 
tion gathering process throughout the 
diocese in the coming months as it con- 
tinues to meet and plan for the future. • 

Convention, from page 1 

another crucial developmental activity 
within the diocese, and noted that only 
the Diocese of Texas has more EFM 
groups than does North Carolina. 
Outreach projects that involve 
Episcopal congregations with commu- 
nity or ecumenical groups also provide a 
way for our communicants to see their 
faith at work, he added. 


At the Friday afternoon session, the 
Convention's 168 clerical and 270 lay 
delegates passed a resolution on the Pa- 
lestinian-Israeli conflict, calling on the 
United States government to discourage 
Israel and the Palestinians from violence 
against each other. Delegates, seeming- 
ly reluctant to engage in divisive debate, 
tabled several resolutions related to the 
Persian Gulf war. They tabled a resolu- 
tion supporting legislation to require 
parental consent prior to adolescent 
abortions but passed a controversial 
resolution urging toleration for religious 
pluralism, as "God's self-revelation 
outside Christianity." 

Perhaps the most hotly-debated resolu- 
tion was that regarding so-called "Exclu- 

sionary Clubs," which was approved 
Saturday morning. In its finally-approv- 
ed form, the resolution calls on all Epis- 
copalians not to join any country club 
that is exclusionary with respect to race, 
gender, or religious practice. Amend- 
ments attempting to expand the content 
of the resolution failed. The resolution 
further stipulates that no official or 
quasi-official church function shall be 
held at such a club. 

Other resolutions passed included ones 
calling for prayer and support for 
American forces engaged in combat, 
continued legislative support for 
programs to aid battered women and 
children, and various environmental 

Diocesan 1991 budget passed 

Mrs. Letty J. Magdanz, diocesan busi- 
ness administrator and treasurer, present- 
ed the 1991 budget, which at $1,624,061 
represents a less than 1 percent increase 
over 1990. She said that the Conference 
Center board reports an excess of in- 
come over expenditures for 1990. Be- 
cause of unpaid accepted quotas from 
several parishes, however, Joseph Ferrell, 
finance and business methods depart- 
ment chair for the Diocesan Council, 

said, "This is a deficit budget-for one 
year. I don't want to see another deficit 
budget in 1992. We are dependent on 
parishes for our support." While some 
delegates lamented that Episcopalians 
are not meeting their financial responsi- 
bilities, others complained of increased 
contributions to the National Church. 

Discussion of the war 

On Saturday morning, Bishop Estill 
provided a 40-minute period for open 
discussion of questions concerning the 
Gulf War, responding to complaints that 
a "morass of parliamentary procedure" 
had prevented a free exchange of ideas 
on Friday. Vivian Patterson, St. Titus, 
Durham, called on all to hear each other. 
Bill Harrison, St. Philip's, Durham, said 
Americans are well-intentioned but 
naive about other cultures. War, he said, 
may be defensible "as a final, tragic 
method to face bullies." "This war hurts 
me and this war is wrong," answered the 
Rev. Anne Hodges-Copple, St. Luke's, 
Durham. Other speakers pointed out 
various social problems in America that 
in their eyes "dwarf the problem of the 
war," which they saw as a "red her- 
ring." Said the Rev. Willis Rosenthal of 
Cooleemee, "We're having war because 

there hasn't been peace." "Blessed are 
the peacemakers," said one man. "If 
Jesus had made this statement yesterday 
it would have been amended three times 
and then tabled." 

Other business 

Among the hits of the Convention 
were two college students, Amy Rust 
of Duke and Desrie Nesbitt of UNC- 
Greensboro, who related what the Epis- 
copal presence on their campuses had 
meant to their spiritual lives. 

New congregations admitted to union 
with the Convention were two missions, 
the Church of the Nativity and the Church 
of the Holy Cross, both in Raleigh. 

Praise was given to the Convention 
co-chairmen, Ed Embree and Tom 
Metzloff, both of St. Philip's, Durham. 
Convention pages were provided by St. 
Mark's, Roxboro. A special guest at the 
Convention was the Rt. Rev. Alpha F. 
Mohamed, bishop of Mount Kilaman- 
jaro, Tanzania, who briefly addressed the 
Friday morning business session. 
Winston-Salem will be the site of the 
1992 Convention. • 

E. T. M alone Jr. is editor of The Com- 


Elected at Convention 

Elections and appointments filled the 
following positions on diocesan boards, 
commissions, and other bodies at the 
175th Annual Convention of the Episco- 
pal Diocese of North Carolina, January 
24-26, in Durham. 

Standing Committee 

Three persons, two lay and one clergy, 
were elected to the Standing Committee: 
Alfred Purrington III, Christ Church, 
Raleigh; Prezell R. Robinson, president, 
St. Augustine's College, also represent- 
ing St. Augustine's Chapel, Raleigh; and 
the Rev. Philip R. Byrum, rector, Christ 
Church, Albemarle. 

Conference Center Board 

Six persons, three lay and three clergy, 
were elected to the Conference Center 

Board. In the lay order, those chosen 
were Alice Herring, St. Timothy's, Wil- 
son; Franklin M. Montgomery, St. 
Luke's, Salisbury; and C. A. "Bo" New- 
comb, Good Shepherd, Raleigh. Clergy 
winning election were the Rev. Robert 
R. McGee, chaplain of Winston-Salem 
area colleges; the Rev. Jay Hobbs, rector. 
Good Shepherd, Asheboro; and the Rev. 
C. Thomas Midyette III, rector, St. 
Philip's, Durham. 

Diocesan Council 

Five persons, three lay and two clergy, 
were elected to the Diocesan Council. In 
the lay category, the three chosen were 
Nancy (Mrs. John) Neal, All Saints, Ham- 
let; Charles F Blanchard, St. Michael's, 
Raleigh; and Edward L. Embree III, St. 
Philip's, Durham. Clergy elected were 

the Rev. Diane B. Corlett, rector, Christ 
Church, Cleveland; and the Rev. N. 
Brooks Graebner, rector, St. Matthew's, 

University of the South 

The Rev. Dwight Ogier, associate rector. 
St. Michael's, Raleigh, was elected a 
trustee of the University of the South, 
Sewanee, Tennessee. 

Penick Home Board 

Ten persons were elected to the board of 
directors of the Penick Home in South- 
ern Pines: Anna S. "Frankie" DuBose, 
St. Stephen's, Durham; W. Clary Holt, 
Holy Comforter, Burlington; Laura L. 
Hooper, St. Stephen's, Winston-Salem; 
A. Zachary Smith III, Christ Church, 
Charlotte; Barbara S. Jester, Emmanuel, 

Southern Pines; Thomas R. Payne, St. 
Martin's. Charlotte; Philip M. Russell, 
Holy Trinity, Greensboro; Charles M. 
Shaffer, Chapel of the Cross, Chapel 
Hill; Steven F. Techet, St. Michael's, 
Raleigh; and the Rev. Mark House, rec- 
tor, St. Andrew's, Charlotte. 

Secretary, Historiographer 

The Convention confirmed the ap- 
pointments by Bishop Estill of the Rev. 
Dwight Ogier, associate rector, St. 
Michael's. Raleigh, as secretary of the 
diocese, and of the Rev. Dr. Richard W. 
Pfaff, professor of history at the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina at Chapel 
Hill, as historiographer of the diocese. 
The Rev. Dr. Pfaff is a nonstipendiary 
priest associate at Chapel of the Cross, 
Chapel Hill. • 

A call to the churches 

Editor's Note: The following statement 
was released simultaneously on February 
14 in New York City, Washington, D.C., 
and Canberra, Australia, at the 7th As- 
sembly of the World Council of Church- 
es. It has been signed by the heads of 
communions and other church leaders 
who have been active in peacemaking 
efforts before and since the outbreak of 
war including the Most Rev. Edmond L. 
Browning, presiding bishop of the Epis- 
copal Church in the United States of 

The churches have been at the forefront 
of those urging peaceful alternatives to 
war in the Middle East. We said,"War is 
not the answer." We have wrestled with 
our varied theological traditions, re- 
turning to fundamental questions of the 
Christian faith. We agreed that the 
stakes in human lives were so high, and 
the potential for catastrophe in a Middle 
East war so great, that military confron- 
tation had to be averted. Even in 
victory, there would be no winers in this 
war. War would bring nothing but loss 
to us all and unleash violence that would 
only multiply and reverberate around the 
region and the world in the days ahead- 
and likely even for generations to come. 
We have insisted that there are alterna- 
tives to war and have indicated what 
they could be. 

But now the nation is at war-a war 
that should have been avoided. And a 
great human tragedy of yet unknown 
proportions has begun to unfold. When 
Gabriel Habib, general secretary of the 
Middle East Council of Churches, was re- 
cently asked by a BBC reporter, "Whose 

side is God on in this war?" his response 
was, "God is on the side of the suffering." 

Already many people are suffering: 
young American servicemen and women 
being sent into battle and their fearful 
families at home; people of color who 
are a disproportionate number of those 
doing the fighting, even while many of 
their families still fight for survival at 
home; Kuwaitis enduring brutal occupa- 
tion; Iraqi families living under the daily 
rain of bombardment; Israeli parents put- 
ting gas masks on their children under 
the terror of missile attack; Palestinians 
and other Arabs who see their hopes for 

dignity and freedom dimmed by the 
clouds of war; prisoners of war paraded 
on our television screens; Iraqi draftees 
being carpet-bombed in the desert; the 
thousands of refugees who are already 
fleeing for their lives. 

It is for the sake of these-and the 
many more who will follow-that we 
opposed this war on moral grounds and 
remain opposed to it now. On their be- 
half we call for a halt to the fighting-a 
cease-fire-and a fresh effort to find a 
diplomatic solution. 

We call upon our churches across the 
country to open their doors and their 

hearts in a time of national trauma and 
to reach across international boundaries 
to our brothers and sisters in the Middle 
East who are also in great crisis. 

Let our churches reach out in a spirit 
of dialogue and seek ways to bring Mus- 
lims, Christians, and Jews together to ad- 
dress our fears, concerns, and hopes for 

Let our churches exercise their pas- 
toral and prophetic ministry by becom- 
ing places of comfort and calm santuary 
in the midst of the "Desert Storm" of 
war, thus reclaiming the historic tradi- 
tion of providing "safe shelter" in times 
of trouble. 

Let our churches be havens of prayer, 
silence, and meditation throughout the 
week for those who seek the peace of 
Christ in the midst of media bombard- 
ment and the political noise that sur- 
rounds us. 

Let our churches offer prayers of inter- 
cession for wisdom and compassion on 
the part of political leaders on all sides 
of this conflict, and for mercy and jus- 
tice for war's many victims. 

Let our churches provide pastoral 
support for military personnel, comfort 
and hope for their families, friends, and 
communities as they grapple with their 
fear, confusion, and grief. 

Let our churches stand ready to help 
those returning from war with physical, 
psychologic!, economic, and spiritual 
wounds and needs. 

Let our churches offer support and 
assistance to conscientious objectors 
who are refusing military service for 
reasons of faith and conscience, and to 
those who cannot obey military orders 

that conflict with the church's teachings 
on the sacredness of human life. 

Let our churches become places for 
reasoned discussion and spiritual dis- 
cernment for those wrestling with the 
moral issues at stake in this crisis, and 
for those seeking both a deeper under- 
standing of the Middle East and a 
Christian response to modern warfare. 

Let our churches speak clearly their 
historic teachings on war and peace, and 
provide moral guidance for soldiers, 
citizens, and political leaders. 

Let our churches give voice to the 
cries for justice of those silenced by 
grinding poverty and inequality in our 
own society, of those who will pay the 
price of this war not only in dreams de- 
ferred but in the denial of basic human 

Let our churches embrace the be- 
reaved, maimed, and homeless of the 
Middle East through a generous response 
to the ministry of compassion. 

Let our churches become centers for 
nonviolence, preparing people to act and 
to respond to conflict in ways that take 
seriously the Gospel mandate to love one 

Let Christians help build a disciplined, 
morally based nonviolent movement in 
response to the war in the Gulf and in re- 
sponse to poverty and suffering through- 
out the world. 

The words of the Gospel cannot be 
reconciled with what is now happening 
in the Gulf. It is on Jesus' call to be 
peacemakers that we are united and will 
take our stand. 

We, the undersigned, make this call. 
We invite others to join. • 

MARCH 1991 

Love and rice krispies 

By Anne C. Pugh 

A hand gently shakes my shoulder. 
"Anne, time to get up." Ruth, the night 
volunteer who's coming off her shift, 
waits a moment to make sure I'm awake, 
then leaves the women's lounge, closing 
the door softly. I look at the digital clock 
on the table. It reads 3:40 a.m. and I'm 
groggy with sleep. I get up from the cot, 
tuck my shirttail in my jeans, put my 
Reeboks back on, then go out to the 
front desk. After the dark lounge the 
light makes me blink.. Somewhere, 
someone is gently snoring. 

"No problems, everybody's in and it's 
been very quiet," says Ruth, yawning. 
"Don't forget Sally has to be up by 5, and 
you need to wake David at 4:30 so he 
can be at work by 5." I nod, and head 
for the kitchen to make myself a cup of 
tea. It's very quiet and peaceful at the 
Ark Shelter. A part of the Urban 
Ministry Center of Raleigh, the Ark is 
full tonight. There are 25 men and 10 
women (we call them guests) in the 

As I slide the mug of hot water into 
the microwave I glance down at my 
jeans. My clothes, even my socks and 
shoelaces, are still covered with green 
splotches. I am the victim of a broccoli 
attack! I smile as I remember the even- 
ing before. 

At 7:15 we realized that the church 
group scheduled to bring the evening 
meal wasn't coming. We-four night 
volunteers and the intake supervisor- 
would have to find something to feed the 
guests their evening meal. From the 
depths of the refrigerator and freezer we 
unearthed leftovers and frozen casse- 
roles. Ruth found a large container of 
broccoli casserole (somewhat on the 
liquid side, but it would do). By that 
time it was past 7:30 and the guests, 
used to eating by 7, were tired and hun- 
gry. Some of them hadn't eaten all day. 
Supper would be late. 

With five of us working as fast as we 
could and the microwave going non- 
stop, it was crowded and hot in the tiny 
kitchen, but we managed. Finally sup- 
per was ready. Ruth retrieved the broc- 
coli casserole from the microwave and 
turned to hand it to me. Somehow it 
slipped out of her hands, and fell to the 
floor. Broccoli casserole splattered me 
from head to toe. Bits of broccoli clung 
to my hair and my clothes. I cleaned up 
as best I could, but green stains remain- 
ed. Ruth grabbed some cans of green 
beans and quickly heated them. With no 
other clothes and no time to go home, I 
slung a dishtowel over my shoulder to 
cover up some of the green and headed 
out to the dining room with the iced tea. 
"Lady, you sure are a sight!" said one 

of the guests with a smile as I poured 
iced tea. "It's not easy being green," I 
told him. "I have a lot of sympathy with 
Kermit the Frog." Everybody started 
laughing and the tension evaporated. 
Supper tasted pretty good. We even had 
enough for seconds. 

I dunk my teabag in the hot water. A 
good meal has always been one of the 
most important ways we can show others 
that we care. Of course, you don't always 
have to wear broccoli to get the idea 
across. Last night after-^p^e^xyomtg^, 
girl leaned on the pass-through shelf and-., .„,, 
talked about her mother's kitchen while 
I was getting out- the breakfast things. I 
don't Jc^bw'vyh'y she's here. The number 
of women heeding shelter has been in- 
creasing. If more than ten women need 
a place t0 stay, beds have to be taken 

morning besides donuts and coffee. May- 
be we can make a few sandwiches with 
these leftovers." 

"Couldn't we fix some cereal and 
milk-maybe add some orange juice?" I 
asked as I cut bread wrappers in half to 
wrap sandwiches. "That's a good basic 
breakfast and it'd be nutritious, too." 

"From my apartment I can see a con- 
duction site down the block," comment- 
ed the intake supervisor, a former Ark 
guest who had come back to hejp hyhj? 
shelter, "and when the lunchCwagon 
', co'Jntes around, if our people 
been-p§Mvyet and don't have s 
money, triey^tsLeo around"' 
and wait until lunch is ovejt'jl 
day without food." ^**s_ 

"Some of us could try serving the 
cereal, juice, and milk, and if it works, 

from the men's dormitory. Transitional 
housing would help to solve the problem. 

I go out to the darkened dining room 
to drink my tea and take inventory for 
breakfast. Might as well start the coffee- 
-it takes a while to perk. I'll need to 
wake Keith so he can go get the donuts, 
a huge bag, donated by a local shop. 
Coffee and donuts were standard break- 
fast fare at the Ark for a long time. The 
cereal boxes on the table-Rice Krispies, 
Cheerios, and Wheaties-remind me of 
the beginning of the breakfast program. 

One night in April as we were clean- 
ing up in the kitchen, I asked Marie 
Mason, a friend and coworker from 
Meredith who was training me to be a 
night volunteer, how she became in- 
volved with the Ark. 

"I was an early version of Meals on 
Wheels," she explained, rummaging in 
the refrigerator. "When I was about 10 
or 11, and anybody was sick in my 
neighborhood, my mother would fix a 
plate for their lunch and send me over 
with it. I've always fed hungry people, 
one way or another. I wish we had 
something to give these folks in the 

we'll ask all the night volunteers to 
help," said Marie. 

"It'll work," I said, "and I know I can 
count on St. John's to get us started." 

At a meeting of the St. John's, Wake 
Forest, Episcopal Churchwomen in Sep- 
tember, I asked for support for the pro- 
ject. "The Ark Shelter is part of Raleigh's 
Urban Ministries," I said. "Shelter 
Director Dot Ellis stresses that the Ark is 
primarily an emergency shelter, helping 
'the new homeless.' These are people 
who have been caught in lay-offs, or 
work in seasonal jobs. Some have men- 
tal problems, but there's no place for 
them in the hospitals. Others can't read 
or write. Some of the Ark guests are 
working but haven't been paid yet, and 
others are trying to save up for a deposit 
on a room or apartment. Housing is ex- 
pensive in Raleigh. Many spend the day 
on the street. They need something nour- 
ishing in the morning that'll carry them 
through the day," I explained. "Some 
of us who are night volunteers have been 
serving a trial breakfast this summer of 
cereal, milk, and juice. The guests say it 
really makes a difference. These are 

some of our Lord's least ones, and they 
need to be fed. Now we want to be able 
to serve breakfast every day, and we 
need St. John's help to begin our 
breakfast fund." 

St. John's ECW voted to support the 
project. Two parishioners, Carol Smith 
and Kenille Prosser, became night volun- 
teers, joining Ed McLean, who had been 
an Ark volunteer for a number of years. 
Along with Marie and Bill Wade from 
Meredith College, they helped to imple- 
ment the trial breakfast. By October 1, 
we knew the breakfast plan would work 
and we were ready to go. St. John's was 
the first "Church of the Month" team to 
shop once or twice a week for fresh 
milk, and check on juice and other sup- 
plies, bought by volunteers Almeta and 
James Revis, of St. Ambrose, from the 
food bank. The other night volunteers 
joined right in. Kathy Isley and John 
Rich from St. John's came on board as 
night volunteers. Vivien Keys of Meals 
on Wheels contributed her enthusiasm 
and expertise, and other St. John's 
parishioners donated money, cereal, and 

The Meredith College team became 
the "Church of the Month" for Novem- 
ber, followed by St. Timothy's Episcopal 
Church in December. In reponse to a 
letter sent to all the churches that served 
an evening meal, several other churches 
of different denominations volunteered 
donations or shoppers for the breakfast. 
A continuing supply of Rice Krispies 
was assured, and, most important of all, 
people were getting involved and learn- 
ing how to help the homeless. 

I glance at my watch. Almost time to 
wake David. He has an indoor job, so 
the weather won't keep him from work 
today. Breakfast is ready. The bowls 
and cups are stacked on the table. There's 
over a gallon of fresh milk in the refri- 
gerator for the cereal, and the orange 
juice has been poured into the pitchers. 
Someone's donated some bananas, so 
this morning there'll be a little extra for 
breakfast. Yesterday an elderly woman 
was brought to the shelter. She'd gotten 
on the bus in Washington, D.C. and 
come to Raleigh but can't remember 
why. I hope she'll eat something before 
Dot takes her to the social worker. 

I finish my tea. As I pass the front 
door I glance outside. It's raining again. 
I worry about the man with the bad cold. 
He shouldn't be outside today. Soon I'll 
leave the Ark, and go home to get ready 
for work. The guests will leave, too, but 
where can they go, what will they do on 
this cold, rainy day? • 

Anne C. Pugh, a deacon, was reassigned 
from St. John 's Episcopal Church, Wake 
Forest, in January to the Church of the 
Good Shepherd, Raleigh. 


Asked at the church door 

Copies and communicants 

Our choir director distributes photo- 
copies of music, to save money, I sup- 
pose. Didn't I recently read some- 
where that this is a bad thing to do? 

It is illegal to reproduce copyrighted 
works without permission. That may 
have been what you read recently. From 
a Christian standpoint, even if it weren't 
illegal, it is unjust to reproduce the work 
of another without either the other per- 
son's reimbursement or at least permis- 

Common practice has long been to 
make as many homemade copies as nec- 
essary of a given piece of music. This is 
both convenient and cost effective. Peo- 
ple have reproduced choral pieces, new- 
ly written hymns and spiritual songs, 
even items found in the Episcopal 
Hymnal, 1982. 

Seen from the letter of the law, this is 
stealing. A Christian musician may de- 
pend upon royalties to finance his or her 
ministry. To purchase a single copy of 
that work, with the intention of making 
additional photostats, deprives the musi- 
cian's ministry of income. 

Seen from the perspective of the 
Christian life, the practice perpetuates 
injustice. The Lord has given some a 
wonderful gift of music. In reproducing 
music, not only are royalties lost but 
frequently credit to the writers is 
missing, too. 

Write to the source of a piece if you 
wish to reproduce a piece of Christian 
music. Request particulars for permis- 
sion to reproduce the music, or just the 
words, or whatever. Include, also, the 
purpose of the request: a Diocesan wor- 
ship event, a choir festival, whatever. 
Be prepared to pay royalties, purchase 
sufficient quantities, whatever. But be 
prepared, as well, for the pleasant sur- 
prise that, when asked, many musicians 
are willing to give limited permission to 
reproduce their work. 

We have many visitors to the parish, 
some of whom I know are not Episco- 
palians. If they wish to join the parish, 
how can we transfer them in? 

Your question is partly administrative. 
Whenever individuals ask to transfer 
their membership, regardless of their 
past denomination, we begin by contact- 
ing their previous congregation. Very 
often, a previous pastor will send a trans- 
fer letter of some sort, saying that the 
newcomer is entrusted to the spiritual 
care of the new pastor and congregation. 

To be a confirmed communicant, 
the newcomer should join an inquirer's 
class to learn about the Episcopal 
church. Subsequently, she or he should 
receive the laying on of hands by a Bish- 
op. This may take the form of Confir- 
mation or the form of Reception (both of 

which are in the service of Confirmation, 
beginning on page 412 in the Prayer 

Discuss the two options with your 
priest, if you are unsure which is more 
appropriate to a given situation. With 
the Bishop's consent, either rite qualifies 
as "confirmation" for purposes of mem- 
bership status. 

What qualifies a person to receive 
Communion in our Church? 

The formal answer to this question 
comes from General Convention some 
years ago. Any baptized person who 

accepts the true presence of the body and 
blood of Christ and who is welcomed to 
receive communion in his or her own 
church, is welcome to receive commun- 
ion in the Episcopal Church. 

Let's explore that just a little bit. The 
true presence of the body and blood of 
Christ does not simple mean "transub- 
stantiation." This is one of many philo- 
sophical explanations of how the bread 
and wine becomes the body and blood. 
Not all Episcopalians wonder how this 
happens (though some have asked that 
question, of course); more significant is 
the faith that this happens. 

One also must be welcomed to receive 
communion at one's home church. This 
is a direct link to our own standards in 
the Anglican tradition. If in doubt about 
what those standards are, please refer to 
page 316 in the Book of Common 

"Any baptized person" assumes 
baptism in the name of the triune God, 
with water and the Holy Spirit. For 
instance, some obscure group may 
baptize with water, but not in the name 
of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. 
Such a baptism is not valid and could 
not be accepted. 

People who are unsure of whether they 
were baptized can be conditionally 
baptized, in keeping with the rubrics on 
page 313 of the Prayer Book. Baptism 
need never be repeated, hence "condi- 
tional baptism" is used when in doubt. 

Anyone wishing to join a congregation 
is expected, in the fullness of time, to 
receive Confirmation and take full part 
in the life of the congregation. • 

Report: Commission on the State of the Church 

Editor's Note: The following report of a diocesan 
commission was submitted on time but inadvertently 
omitted from the 1990 Annual Report in the 
January Communicant. 

This year there has been a slight growth in the 
number of pledging units and communicants in the 
Diocese. This growth is pale in comparison to the 
number of new residents in some areas of the Dio- 
cese. The few new missions in past years are cer- 
tainly not in keeping with the large growth. Often 
these new residents either find no churches or those 
that they do find are so large that they are unattrac- 
tive to those seeking a new church. 

Pledging units in 1989 were 12,620; in 1990 
there were 14,116. The amount pledged per house- 
hold in 1989 was $1,024.92; in 1990, $950.27. What 
do these figures tell us? Are we cutting back, grow- 
ing in lower pledging families or something else? 

There is concern throughout the Diocese regard- 
ing communications. At present our basic commu- 
nication tool is The Communicant. Would it be 
possible to have a more diocesan and parochial tone 
to it-a Communicant which would include "Events 
that Stimulate," "What's New," "A Wish List Be- 
yond Budget Opportunities." What about "What Is 
Such-and-such Parish Doing"? What about re- 
marks about conferences, attendance, and special 
events at Browns Summit? There needs to be know- 
ledge of college chaplains and their work. What is 
going on in Christian social ministry? Opportuni- 
ties could be enumerated thus inviting and stimulat- 
ing churches and missions to participate. We sug- 

gest that a list of resource materials on topics such 
as Christian education and liturgical innovation be 
included. We need to be kept constantly aware of 
the finances of the Diocese, including congrega- 
tions as well as Diocesan. A listing of pledges and 
payments to the Diocese should be included in The 

The issues of the Church need to be clearly 
stated. How decisions are made is important for 
a healthy diocese. Clearly and constantly our mis- 
sion must be kept before us. Bishop Estill has 
spelled out the priorities of the Diocese-the Con- 
ference Center, college work, and Christian social 
ministries-as Diocesan goals for the foreseeable 

It is hoped that the congregations of the Diocese 
would direct their energies and resources toward an 
increase in outreach and service. This is seen by 
this commission as an integral part of the Gospel 
and therefore of the life of the Church. Here we list 
some concerns and issues to which we believe the 
Gospel message and the energies of the Church 
must be directed in the '90s: 

1. World Peace 

2. Racism, Sexism, Powerlessness 

3. Poverty. Housing, Hunger, Unemployment 

4. Drug Abuse 

5. Violence 

6. AIDS 

7. Economic Justice 

8. Consumerism 

9. Privatism/Elitism 

We rejoice that we have the resources to address 

these concerns and ills and the power to act to 
correct them. We invite the people of the Diocese 
of North Carolina to enter prayerfully and actively 
into the process in which we can bring into actuality 
at least a portion of our Baptismal vows when we 
promised to renounce. .."the spiritual forces of 
wickedness that rebel against God; and the evil 
powers which corrupt and destroy the creatures of 

We are pleased that the Conference Center 
continues to be used more and more. Through the 
Center, the Diocese is doing an admirable job of in- 
troducing more youth to the Church. The new 
eighty-person youth facility was filled to overflow- 
ing at the first Youth Conference. Events such as 
these conferences can help prepare young people to 
be contributing members and leaders of the Church 

College work is one of the largest items in the 
Diocesan budget. Do we get our full benefit? How 
well are the various systems working? Does a 
successful program at one school necessarily work 
at another? A case in point: Will the Chapel of the 
Cross program necessarily work at St. Joseph's in 
Durham? The largest ministries have good support 
while the small colleges have little. How do we 
develop a vision as a whole? A college chaplains 
ministry is to the entire school - faculty, students, 
and administrators. How is this to be accomplished? 
What do chaplains do? Is there greater ecumenical 
cooperation? Is there a greater sense of commu- 
nity? What are the racial needs? More cooperation 
is needed between the Diocese and the chaplains to 

further the overall vision and to work toward the 
best way to express God's calling. In this decade of 
Evangelism the Episcopal Church's greatest gap is 
among those between eighteen and thirty years of 
age. If we are serious we need to look at not losing 
a generation of folks. Sixty percent of the Episco- 
pal Church's communicants are not of Episcopal 
backgrounds. Over half of that sixty percent have 
come into the church through campus ministry. 
Over one-half of our clergy have come into the 
church as a result of campus ministry. Those two 
facts alone say how important this ministry is to our 
church. Let us build on these opportunities. 

There is serious concern in the Diocese over the 
whole position the church takes on its relationship 
to practicing homosexuals. This issue must be dealt 
with most carefully. Although a highly emotional 
issue the church must be faithful to its beliefs and 
be unafraid to stand for morals which it has taught 
in the past, yet at the same time be understanding of 
those in need. 

We pray that the financial support of all our 
people will increase. Should this occur our mission 
will come closer to realization. It would become un- 
necessary ever again for our bishop to dismiss those 
of the diocesan staff who have contributed much to 
the various programs of the Diocese. We pray for 
healing in this Diocese and in the national church. 
We also pray for bishops, clergy, and peoples of the 
Diocese of North Carolina in our efforts to spread 
the Gospel of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. 

Marv Arthur Stoudemire. Chairman 

MARCH 1991 





Other diocesan news 

Anti-violence organization 
gets grant from diocese 

The Episcopal Diocese of North Caro- 
lina has awarded a grant of $10,000 to 
an organization called North Carolinians 
Against Racist and Religious Violence, 
in support of its pilot Police-Community 
Relations Project, according to the Rev. 
Jim Lewis, diocesan director of Christian 
Social Ministries. Christina Davis- 
McCoy, NCARRV director, described 
the project as "a learning model and. . . 
follow-up" to the group's April 1990 
special report on police use of excessive 
force, particularly in African-American 

communities, and ensuing cycles of 
citizen-police violence. 

Secretaries' conference 

A Church Secretaries' Conference will 
be held beginning at 4:00 p.m., Sunday, 
April 7, and concluding following lunch 
on Monday, April 8, at the Conference 
Center at Browns Summit. Included on 
the program are Mrs. Letty Magdanz, 
diocesan treasurer and business adminis- 
trator, who will discuss "Lay Benefits," 
and the Rev. William S. Brettmann, as- 
sistant to the bishop for ministry and 
program, who will speak on "Time Man- 

agement." For registration information, 
contact the Rev. Mr. Brettmann 's office 
at (919) 787-6313. Registration deadline 
is April 1. 

Clergy association meets 
April 11 in Lexington 

The annual meeting and election of 
officers for the North Carolina Episcopal 
Clergy Association will take place on 
Thursday, April 11, at Grace Church, 
Lexington. Clergy planning to attend 
should notify the Rev. Wilson Carter at 
(704) 249-7211 by Monday, April 8. 
Lunch will be served. 

The Rt. Rev. Alpha F. Mohamed, Bishop 
of Mount Kilamanjaro, Tanzania, told 
the convention, "We have been chal- 
lenged afresh as to whether we can 
bring our living Lord into this dark 

News of the National Church 

St. John's, Savannah, withholds 
funds from national church 

Savannah, GA.-The vestry of St. John's 
Episcopal Church here has voted to 
withhold $11,250 of its diocesan quota 
that would have been forwarded to sup- 
port the programs of the General Con- 
vention and the executive offices of the 
Episcopal Church, and will instead con- 
tribute the money to the Episcopal 
Synod of America. In a letter to Diocese 
of Georgia Bishop Harry W. Shipps, the 
St. John's vestry said that their con- 
science forbade them "to appear in 
passive compliance" with the national 
church, and that they felt it imperative to 
support the position of the bishops of the 
Episcopal Synod, who, they said "have 
unequivocally embraced the ordered 
tradition of ministry, liturgy, and morali- 
ty in our Communion." Bishop Shipps, 
in a published reply, refused to accept 
the 10 percent of its diocesan quota that 
the parish offered to pay and told the 
vestry that its action was in violation of 
diocesan constitution and canons and the 
oath of vestry members, according to a 
report published in the January issue of 
the Diocese of Georgia newspaper. 

Native Americans 'hand over' 
new bishop of Alaska 

American Indian leaders representing 18 
dioceses in the Episcopal Church and 17 
tribes across the United States concluded 
the third gathering of Winter Talk, a four- 
day leadership conference, with a "hand- 
ing over" ceremony of Bishop-Elect 
Steven Charleston to participants from the 
Diocese of Alaska, where he will serve. 
The group met in February on ances- 
tral Seminole Indian land in Oklahoma. 

A native of Oklahoma and a member 
of the Choctaw Nation, Charleston has 
annually led the winter gathering of 
Indian Episcopalians. 

"From the Maori people of New 
Zealand, who several of us visited last 
summer, we have learned of their custom 
to accompany one of theirs who travels 
far to a new assignment," said Owanah 
Anderson, staff officer for Native Ameri- 
can Ministries of the Episcopal Church 
and a member of the Choctaw Nation. 
'The Maori accompany their tribesman 
to 'settle him in.' Unfortunately, not all 
of us can travel to Alaska in March for 
Steve's consecration; therefore, here, in 
his native state, we Oklahoma Indians 
ask that you from 17 other dioceses join 
us to give our son our blessings and good 
wishes as we hand him over to his new 
spiritual family, the Alaskans." 

The Oklahomans then led the bishop- 
elect to the Alaskans. "The Choctaw is 
a matrilineal society, and in our tradi- 
tion, I am Steve's mother," said Ander- 
son. "As a Choctaw grandmother, I 
charge you to look after our son and to 
support him and nurture him and his 

Jeremy Rifkin highlights 
conference on ecology 

HENDERSONviLLE-Author and activist 
Jeremy Rifkin will highlight the "Ecol- 
ogy Conference: God's Planet Earth" on 
April 14-18 at Kanuga Conference Cen- 
ter near here. The purpose of the con- 
ference is to examine biblical, theologi- 
cal, and spiritual assumptions and focus 
participants to make a unique contribu- 
tion in protecting and preserving created 
Rifkin, author of eleven books, has 

been actively involved in environmental 
issues, science and technology policy for 
nearly two decades. He has been nation- 
ally recognized as one of 150 people in 
the United States who have the most 
influence in shaping federal government 

Joining Rifkin are several other ex- 
perts in this area. Sister Miriam MacGil- 
lis, a Dominican Sister from Caldwell, 
New Jersey, is director of Genesis Farm. 
This small, organic farm explores land 
stewardship, sustainable agriculture, bio- 
regionalism, simplicity of life, and 
education for effective world order 

The Rev. Dr. H. Paul Santmire, pastor 
of Grace Lutheran Church in Hartford, 
Connecticut, has written six books, most 
of which concentrate on ecology and 
nature. His book, The Travail of Nature, 
helps people to understand public atti- 
tudes toward ecology and how religion 
shapes those attitudes. 

New to the conference is Dr. Martin 
Brokenleg, associate professor of Native 
American Studies, Augustana College, 
Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Enrolled as a 
member of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe, Dr. 
Brokenleg will present the topic of crea- 
tion from the view of Native Americans. 

Other keynoters include the Rev. Dr. 
W. Lee Humphreys, director of the 
Learning Research Center at the Univer- 
sity of Tennessee, and Sue Monk Kidd, a 
writer and best-selling author of five 
books in the area of spirituality. 

Liturgist for the conference is the Rev. 
Susan Sherard, Mars Hill, North Caro- 
lina; musician is Bill Stokes, Asheville, 
North Carolina; the Rev. Dr. J. Carleton 
Hayden, Sewanee, Tennessee, will give 
the summary address; and the Rt. Rev. 
Bennett J. Sims will celebrate the open- 

ing and closing Eucharists. 

Cost of the five-day conference is 
$345. Detailed information and a re- 
gistration form may be obtaine from 
Kanuga Conferences, Postal Drawer 250, 
Hendersonville, N.C. 28793, or tele- 
phone (704) 692-9136. 

Priory to close 

Brother William Sibley, Superior of the 
Order of the Holy Cross, and the Rev. 
Bede Thomas Mudge, Holy Cross ad- 
ministrator and former Holy Savior 
Prior, have announced that the Order 
will no longer be able to operate the 
Holy Savior Priory in Pineville, South 
Carolina, according to a report published 
in the March issue of Jubilate Deo, news- 
paper of the Episcopal Diocese of South 

The letter announcing the closing 
states that everything possible was done 
"to see that Holy Savior Priory continued 
to serve the needs of the Church in the 
Southeast, but we are simply not able to 
continue with insufficient staff and 

The past year has been a time of 
transition for the Priory. A shortage of 
monks resulted in those at the Priory 
being transferred to other monasteries. 
Programs have continued under the 
direction of the Rev. Elizabeth Canham, 
who has been program director for the 
past few years. Unfortunately, the guest 
business did not bring in enough revenue 
to support the Priory. 

Programs will continue through 
Easter, and the last of the staff will 
depart by May 1. Mother Canham is 
moving to the Diocese of Western North 
Carolina where she plans to begin a new 
community. • 


Lutherans, Episcopalians negotiate 

By James E. Solheim 

The presiding bishop of the Episcopal 
Church in the United States and the bish- 
op of the Evangelical Lutheran Church 
in America (ELCA) released details of 
an unprecedented proposal that would 
initiate steps toward "full communion" 
between the two churches. 

After dialogues spanning two decades, 
a team of theologians completed a report 
and a Concordat of Agreement at a his- 
toric meeting in Delray Beach, Florida, 
on January 6. The documents now go to 
the churches for study and then to the 
Episcopal General Convention and the 
Lutheran Churchwide Assembly for final 
action, probably in 1994 and 1995. 

A joint statement issued by the two 
bishops at a press conference at St. 
Peter's Lutheran Church in New York on 
January 18 said the documents "are not 
to be taken lightly for they are rooted in 
the confessional and liturgical teachings 
and practice of both the Anglican and 
Lutheran traditions. They offer a prac- 
tical and imaginative solution to a his- 
toric impasse that has kept Episcopalians 
and Lutherans from claiming the unity 
that is a gift from God." 

Taking its definition from a 1983 
report on Anglican-Lutheran relations, 
full communion between Lutherans and 
Episcopalians would mean that the 
"churhes become interdependent while 
remaining autonomous," establish a 
special relationship that "recognizes the 
catholicity and apostolicity of the other," 
and now seek a common witness based 
on that mutual understanding. 

In practical terms, the Concordat of A- 
greement builds on an evolving consen- 
sus in previous dialogues on matters of 
faith and specifically on the understand- 
ing of episopal ministry-the role of bish- 
ops. It proposes complete interchangea- 
bility of ordained clergy between the two 
churches. In the future, bishops of one 
church would always participate in the 
consecration of bishops in the other 
church so that eventually both churches 
will share the historic episcopate. 

That will mean some changes for 
Lutherans. In the future, bishops of the 
ELCA would be ordained for life, and 
all bishops, whether or not they are ac- 
tive, would be regular members of the 
Conference of Bishops. In another 
change, only bishops would preside at 
ordinations of clergy. 

For Episcopalians the Concordat of 
Agreement would mean recognition of 
the full authenticity of ordained ELCA 
clergy and their acceptance for Ministry 
in the Episcopal Church. The Episcopal 
Church also endorses the ELCA's affir- 
mation that the historic episcopate must 
serve the Gospel and agrees to establish 

the means for periodic review of its 
episcopal ministry. 

Full communion would be fully real- 
ized when all active bishops of the two 
churches are incorporated into the his- 
toric episcopate by common joint ordi- 
nations. The clergy of the two churches 
would be interchangeable. 

Some question historic episcopate 

The issue of historic episcopate, pro- 
viding a ministry in the church in an un- 
broken line back to the early church, has 
proven to be a controversial element for 
Lutherans participating in the dialogue. 
Lutheran bishops in the United States do 
not claim consecration in the historic 
episcopate, and some Lutheran theologi- 
ans oppose the new relationship with 
Episcopalians because they believe such 
a practice is not essential to the unity of 
the church. 

In a Dissenting Statement also releas- 
ed January 25, two Lutheran profesors 
argue that the Concordat of Agreement 
insists that "the historic episcopate is 
made to be a necessity for church fel- 
lowship and thus essential to the unity of 
the church." Ordaining Lutheran bish- 
ops into the historic episcopate "through 
the Anglican succession" is making ^ 
somethig not essential into a "matter of 

While cherishing "the fellowship now 
existing between the Episcopal Church 
and the ELCA," Prof. Robert Goeser of 
Berkeley and Prof. Paul Berge of St. Paul 
said that introducing the historic episco- 
pate into the ELCA "could needlessly 
jeopardize a treasured friendship as well 
as endanger the collaboration in the 
Gospel and the table fellowship we now 
enjoy. We believe it could also provoke 
controversy and division among the con- 
gregations and ministers of the ELCA." 

A third Lutheran member of the dia- 
logue, the Rev. Edward Schneider of 
Illinois, voted against the final report 

11 It proposes complete 
interchangeability of 
ordained clergy between 
the two churches. " 

and agreement but did not sign the Dis- 
senting Statement. Since he chairs the 
ELCA's Office for Ecumenical Affairs 
Standing Committee, his vote is seen by 
some as a signal that the agreement 
could face stiff opposition from some 
quarters in the ELCA. 

The five Lutheran members of the 
dialogue who signed the Concordat of 
Agreement issued an Assenting Report 
in which they challenged the interpreta- 
tion of their dissenting colleagues, parti- 
cularly on the "future participation of 
ELCA bishops in the historic episcopal 
succession." They called attention to a 
Lutheran report on th historic episcopate 
that said "it may be accepted as a sym- 
bol of the church's unity and continuity 
throughout the centuries provided that it 
is not viewed as necessity for the valid- 
ity of the church's ministry." They also 
expressed hopes that "the controversy 
and division which our colleagues fear 

clergy, theological education, and a re- 
sponse to urban and rural crisis as areas 
where the two churches could cooperate 

Participants in the dialogue pointed 
out that the agreement represents the end 
of one process and the beginning of 
another. Churchwide meetings of both 
communions this summer are expected 
to authorize study of the documents on a 
regional and congregational level, in 
seminaries, by ecumenical partners, an 
on the international level by members of 
the Anglican and Lutheran communions. 
Bishops Browning and Chilstrom report- 
ed on progress of Lutheran-Episcopal 

Episcopal Presiding Bishop Edmond Browning, center, discusses Lutheran- 
Episcopal Concordat of Agreement with the Episcopal Church's ecumenical 
officer, the Rev. William Norgren, left, Lutheran Bishop Herbert Chilstrom, right, 
and Lutheran ecumenical officer the Rev. William Rusch, far right. 

not be incited by those who are deter- 
mined in advance to resist full commun- 
ion between our churches and to oppose 
full collegiality among our bishops." 

What happens now? 

Bishop Chilstrom of the ELCA ac- 
knowledged at the press conference that 
"we have our work cut out for us" in pre- 
senting the agreement to the ELCA. "It 
will be harder for us because you Epis- 
copalians already know what you mean 
by ministry and the role of bishops." 
The ELCA is involved in a major study 
of ministry, and Chilstrom said the Lu- 
theran-Episcopal dialogue may "com- 
plement" that study. 

In answer to a question, Chilstrom 
said he hopes that, despite the division 
among Lutherans, the discussion would 
avoid extremes. "Let's debate it in 
love," he said. 

Presiding Bishop Edmond L. Brown- 
ing of the Episcopal Church said the 
agreement would "free us up like never 
before, encouraging us to do more to- 
gether." He mentioned deployment of 

dialogues to the Church of England and 
the Lutheran state churches in the 
Nordic countries on a joint trip in early 

Both churches are involved in dia- 
logues with other denominations, includ- 
ing Roman Catholics, but the Lutheran- 
Episcopal dialogue represents a unique 
breakthrough, according to theologians 
who shaped the Concordat of Agree- 
ment. It is not clear yet how the pro- 
posal will affect those conversations. 

Most observers suggest that the Con- 
cordat of Agreement between Lutherans 
and Episcopalians was successful be- 
cause of a close theological affinity. 
Both emphasize the witness of Scripture 
and continuity with the apostolic faith 
and mission of the church through the 
centuries. Both appreciate the Reforma- 
tion as a renewal movement within the 
church catholic rather than the establish- 
ment of a new church. And both are 
marked by esteem for sacramental life 
and liturgical forms of worship.* 

Episcopal News Service 

MARCH 1991 

Why do we fail as peacemakers? 

By Sankey L. Blanton 

Monday, 11 February 1991: the news 
this morning is dismal. Four people were 
murdered with handguns somewhere in 
the state, a local woman was beaten to 
death by her husband, a university stu- 
dent was killed by a hit-and-run driver, 
there was yet another rape and who 
knows how many deaths due to drugs or 
drunken driving. Meanwhile, in the 
Persian Gulf, only one pilot is reported 
missing from a whole weekend of sort- 
ies. I have been promising myself to 
write this essay for weeks, but I guess 
the Lord wasn't ready for it yet. 

Before I go a step farther, let me tell 
you who I am so you will know my 
personal bias. I watched the "Town 
Meeting" with Charles Kuralt from the 
Morehead Planetarium; I heard of the 
utter confusion at the annual convention 
in Durham; and I have asked myself why 
the lessons of our collective history seem 
to be so quickly forgotten or discarded. 
I am a husband and the father of a won- 
derful one-year-old. I am an usher, lay 
reader, and adult education leader of my 
church, and about once a month, I am an 
officer in the Naval Reserve. I also won- 
der: Why do we fail as peacemakers? 

Is it that we are not sincere, or do we 
just fail to understand the obvious truth 
that assaults us in our everyday life. We 
are members of a violent community 
that worships the false gods of power, 
greed, lust, and violence-we are all too 
clearly human and full of human fail- 
ings. The events in the news are a re- 
flection of the general condition of our 
society. The actions of our government 
are very much in keeping with the norms 
of that society. We fail to establish jus- 
tice and peace in our daily lives and 
communities; how can we expect the 
actions of our government to be other- 
wise? The basic two commandments on 
which hang all the law are the very ones 
we violate so frequently. 

The saddest comment of all is a de- 
mand that our government refuse to en- 
gage in impersonal violence while we 
continue to wage war on both our neigh- 
bors at home and ourselves spiritually. 
The use of military force by the govern- 
ment of the United States is a natural 
continuum of the way Americans, and 
Episcopalians, treat each other in their 
daily lives. I think we are sincere when 
we wish "things" weren't as they are; 
however, until we change our way of life 
at the personal level, we cannot expect 
our government to do otherwise. 

How do you really change the way a 
community or a society thinks. This has 
been the puzzle of the civil rights move- 
ment. Forced busing led to white flight, 
the degradation of most public school 

systems, and a neo-nazi backlash. How 
do we practice peace in the midst of 
daily personal conflicts? During the first 
week of this war, my church initiated a 
noonday prayer service. The average 
attendance that week was nearly 70 per 
day. Attendance has leveled off after 
this first month to about 20, plus or mi- 
nus 5. The various community peace 
groups, which truly are leftovers from a 
differenct conflict in a different place 
and time, have been organizing protests 
and marches since last October, but now 
only on Saturday. 
I am bothered by the "protest" con- 

Peace President of the 21st century? 

Even that is getting the cart before the 
horse. A minor sidebar in the recent 
Newsweek special on the Gulf conflict 
assured us that the scripts of three B- 
grad movies had been hastily rewritten 
to change their story from the Good Guy 
Americans vs. "generic baddies" to 
rock'em, sock'em, anti-Iraqi flicks. The 
next generation of American children 
will soon have macho-stars to replace 
Rambo (who, you'll remember, has only 
fought Pigs, Gooks, and Ruskies). How 
many protest marches and picket lines 
will form outside the theaters when 

cept. First, I consider it an ineffective 
media grab (catchy phrases do make nice 
sound bites) and second, the very nature 
of a protest, march, or rally is that of an 
aggressive, confrontational activity. You 
cannot practice peace by applications of 
aggression or confrontation. Christ may 
have driven the money changers out of 
the temple, but he only did it once, and 
then to emphasize a specific point. We 
don't have a day on the church calendar 
to celebrate that action, because it was 
only part of the greater purpose. We do 
celebrate the triumphal entry of Palm 
Sunday, but only in preparation for the 
stark contrast of Good Friday. 

It seems to me that a more effective 
way of establishing peace and justice in 
America demands directed and purpose- 
ful political action. Forget the petitions 
to stop the shooting in this war and work 
your heart out to prevent the conflicts of 
the next decade. This requires a lot more 
effort than a hastily scribbled poster and 
a casual gathering at the court house to 
remember how it was back in the 1970's. 
Is there part of our Constitution which 
needs to be reviewed and changed? Who 
will be the peace candidates for next 
year's congressional elections? How can 
we groom a political leader to be the 

productions finally get released? How 
about the video stores? 

Finally, I must note with dismay an ar- 
ticle in the Wall Street Journal which re- 
ported the major toy manufacturers 
gearing up to release a whole new line of 
"Desert Storm" toys in time for the 
markets next fall. That just about sums 
it up in my mind: "Get your son a toy 
gun for Christmas, now available in 
desert camouflage." Dear brothers and 
sisters in Christ, if we want to change 
the world, we had better start in our own 
hearts and in our own home towns. We 
must work against the programming of 
children with aggressive role models. 
We must examine the very fabric of our 
whole society, and we must be prepared 
to accept the personal sacrifices, no 
matter how significant, to live a just 
peace with our neighbors. 

This won't be easy. We may have to 
let go of our own rice bowl and carve up 
the sacred cows which we have fed for 
so long. It also won't be quick. The civil 
rights movement is now in its second 
generation, and it still has a long way to 
go. There may be a choice between 
putting some of our time and effort into 
civil rights or into building a peaceful, 
just society. In the long run, civil rights 

goals will be facilitated, but there will 
be some initial accusations of abandon- 
ment. The same is true for the women's 
movement, environmental issues, the 
homeless, and many other singular 
stands. Yes they are important, but 
won't they all be served by a balanced, 
peaceful, productive, and just society. I 
believe that real social changes take at 
least three generations— fifty to eighty 
years; are we prepared to make the 

I assure you, a political system which 
won't outlaw Saturday Night Specials 
and Assault Rifles will be hesitant about 
nuclear and chemical disarmament, or 
curtailing the use of force as an alterna- 
tive to diplomacy. Likewise, a genera- 
tion which is trained and molded by 
games of violence and role models of 
power, greed, sex, force, or fear will 
practice the same in their interpersonal 
relationships. The communities, socie- 
ties, and governments of such humans 
will be reflections of their souls. It is 
time to prepare the way of the Lord! 

I guess I could ramble on ad nauseam, 
so I'll wrap it up. We are challenged, as 
Episcopalians, or just plain Christians, 
to take positive action and assist in the 
building of the Kingdom of God here in 
this creation. I hope that the events of 
this conflict have encouraged us to get 
out of our spiritual ruts and to consider, 
prayerfully, what our reponse should be 
to the intellectual, emotional, and physi- 
cal demands that "the world" is once 
again making on us. If we are sincere in 
trying to bring change to our world, or 
just to our government, we had better 
have a good understanding of who we 
are collectively, and what real changes 
are required at what basic levels. • 

Sankey L. Blanton is a communicant of 
the Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill. 

A "changed" man 

Prior to the Convention in Durham I sent 
to the Committee on National and Inter- 
national Affairs a resolution suggesting 
that the use of force in the Middle East 
was necessary and proper and calling on 
Episcopalians to pray that our troops be 
given courage and perseverance. 

The resolution that the committee re- 
ported out onto the floor of the Conven- 
tion, still bearing my name, called for an 
immediate cessation of hostilities! My 
friends have been mystified by my sud- 
den change of position, and I have been 
busy explaining that church conventions, 
like Middle Eastern politics, are full of 

John P. Kennedy Jr. 
St. Matthew's, Hillsborough 





Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends, 

At this writing it would seem that the 
war in the Persian Gulf has ended, and 
the difficult work of securing the peace 
and restoring the devastated environment 
has begun. The response to the call for 
prayers during the conflict was out- 
standing, and I hope you will continue to 
pray for the safe return of those involved 
and for the families of those who will 
not return. As we do every Sunday, we 
should continue to pray for our President 
and the leaders of the nations, especially 
as they go about the complicated task of 
addressing the Palestinian situation and 
the deeper problems of the Middle East. 

I hope you will continue to pray for 
our Presiding Bishop, Edmund Browning. 
His role as a spokesman for the National 
Church and his relationship with the 
President and the Secretary of State have 
been matters of concern, and in some 
cases misunderstanding. 

Bishop Browning, spoke for the 
General Convention of the Episcopal 
Church, the House of Bishops, and the 
worldwide Anglican Communion when 
he urged our country to seek every possi- 
ble means for a peaceful settlement. He 
was then and is now a respected and 
valued pastor to the President and Secre- 
tary Baker, both of whom are Episcopa- 
lians, and they have remained in contact. 

The great prayer service at the Wash- 
ington Cathedral several nights before 
the war broke out was to assure all 
concerned that we were united in our 
prayers for peace, and that we were 
praying for guidance for our leaders. 
When the war started, the Presiding 

Bishop, through Bishop Keyser, Episco- 
pal Bishop of the Armed Forces, reached 
out to our chaplains and through them to 
the women and men in the Gulf. 

His recent call for assistance through 
the Presiding Bishop's Fund for World 
Relief for the families of service per- 
sonnel and for aid to the innocent people 
caught up in the war in Iraq, Israel, and 
Kuwait, is one which we should heed. 

Bishop Browning said in a recent 
letter to all diocesan bishops, "We must 
leave behind all hatred and enmity. Our 
faith gives us an understanding of God's 
grace transforming the pain of our lives. 
It is time to move on.." Secretary of 
State Baker also said, "We are chal- 
lenged (now) to resume the search for a 
just peace and real reconciliation for 
Israel, the Arab states, and the Palestini- 
ans." He said that by reconciliation he 
did not mean simply peace as the ab- 
sence of war but "A peace based on 
enduring respect, tolerance, and mutual 

As we move beyond the agony of the 
cross into the realization of the Easter 
Resurrection, my prayer is that a similar 

"resurrection" will take place in the 
world. The cost in lives has been enor- 
mous as has been the sacrifice many 
have made over these last months. From 
the dark recesses of Lent the Easter light 
shines forth once again. You and I, as 

"Easter Christians," can help spread that 
light in the world that needs it so badly. 

Faithfully yours, 
Robert W. Estill 

Bishop Estill delivers convention address. 

Bishop's visitation schedule 

March 10 

St. Mary's, High Point 11:00 a.m. 

St. Joseph's, Durham 4:00 p.m. 

March 1 7 

Holy Spirit, Greensboro 11:00 a.m. 

St. Francis, Greensboro 2:00 p.m. 

March 24 

Christ Church, Raleigh 9:00 a.m. 

March 31 

Trinity, Mount Airy 11:00 a.m. 

Galloway Memorial, Elkin 2:00 p.m. 

April 7 

St. Thomas, Reidsville 11:00 a.m. 

Christ Church, Cleveland, with St. James, 

Iredell County and St. George's, Wood- 
leaf 3:00 p.m. 

April 14 

Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill 9:00 & 

11:00 a.m. 

April 21 

Christ Church, Walnut Cove, with St. 

Philip's, Germanton 3:00 p.m. 

April 28 

Emmanuel, Southern Pines 9:00 & 

11:00 a.m. 

St. David's, Laurinburg 3:00 p.m. 

May 1 

All Saints, Hamlet 6:00 p.m. 

The Church of the Messiah, Rockingham 

7:30 p.m. 

Suffragan Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends in Christ, 

As I write this the echoes of the Dio- 
cesan Convention in Durham are re- 
ceding. We are well into Lent's special 
activities. And we are looking forward 
to this year's early Holy Week and 

In a context different from the 
Church's story, though, what story will 
the world be writing in this time ahead? 
How much will we have moved toward 
circumstances within which peace may 
be waged? 

Or, will the effects of the bombing and 
of our impending ground war-on num- 
bers of casualties and on our economy- 
set us back from what we must have the 
heart to do to live in peace again? 

It is hard to know what to be looking 
for, and hoping for, unless we believe 
that these two stories are joined together 
in a single story under God. 

That single story is about human sin 
and our share in it as we have taken the 
needs of others for granted and ignored 
their aspirations. 

It is about the willingness to sacrifice 
what is most important to us in hopes 
that paying such a price shall not be in 

It is about our trust in God to want to 
use His power to create a final outcome 
that is victorious over the tragedy of 
every human defeat. 

That story is God's Story, written in 
the life of His Son, in whom God gave 
up His most important possession on the 
Cross, in order for us to recognize and to 
choose His Peace to live within. 

And that Story is true. 

Hunt Williams 

Suffragan Bishop's visitation schedule 

March 10 

St. Margaret's, Charlotte 10:30 a.m. 

March 17 

St. John's, Battleboro 9:15 a.m. 

The Advent, Enfield 11:00 a.m. 

March 24 

St. Mary's-By-The-Highway, Eden 

9:00 a.m. 

The Epiphany, Eden 11:00 a.m. 

April 14 

Trinity, Statesville 11:00 a.m. 

April 21 

The Messiah, Mayodan 2:30 p.m. 

April 28 

Calvary, Tarboro 11:00 a.m. 

St. Andrew's, Rocky Mount 3:00 p.m. 

MARCH 1991 


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Vol. 82, No. 3 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

May 1991 

Committee accepting grant applications 

ACTS Campaign begins distributions 

By E. T. Malone Jr. 

Large sums of money contributed to the 
ACTS Campaign, plus the interest that the 
donated funds have earned so far, are now 
being disbursed or are ready for disbursal, 
diocesan treasurer and business manager 
Letty J. Magdanz has announced. 

Additionally, chairman Shara Partin of the 
ACTS Campaign Committee said thaf all 
organizational work of her group has been 
completed and that the committee is ready to 
receive applications for grants. 

The ACTS Committee has responsibility 
for making grants in the areas of World 
Relief, Diocesan Relief, Emergencies, and 
Diocesan New Programs. Deadlines for 
applications for 1991 grants are July 12 and 
October 11. 

General distributions 

Through March 31, about 79 percent of 
all ACTS pledges have been paid, said Mrs. 
Magdanz. To that date $3,791,849 had been 
collected out of total pledges of $4,737,055. 

Of that amount, according to priorities set 
forth in the campaign, $2.9 million has been 
disbursed to the Camp and Conference 
Center at Browns Summit. 

The Lex Mathews Scholarship Fund has 
received $32,169 for its principal, as well as 
$3,902 in earned interest that is now avail- 
able for distribution. 

The Minority Education Fund, to be 
administered by the diocesan bishop for the 
theological education of persons of minority 
background, received $20,776 for its princi- 
pal, as well as $3,122 in earned interest now 
available for distribution. 

The Parish Grant Trust Fund received 
$44,323 for its principal, as well as $6,441 in 
interest available for distribution. 

The Trust Fund for Mission Church 
Expansion has received $54,373 plus $6,397 
in available interest. 

The North Carolina Episcopal Church 
Foundation has received $107,135 for its 
principal, plus $10,070 in earned interest 
available for distribution. "The majority of 
this amount was donated by the Purrington 
family in honor of their father Alfred 
Purrington Jr., who was a member of the 
North Carolina Episcopal Church Foundation 
and a former chancellor of the diocese," Mrs. 
Magdanz said. 

Also, a direct distribution of $42,014 was 
made to the Church of the Nativity in 
Raleigh, for mission expansion, as designated 
by the donor. By a similar arrangement, 
$1,000 was distributed for direct mission 
expansion to St. Catherine's, Charlotte. 

ACTS Committee jurisdiction 

The ACTS committee consists of one 
member, Shara Partin, appointed by the 
Department of Mission and Outreach, who 
serves as chairman, and seven other persons 
elected by the convocations at their 
November meetings. 

"We are different from Parish Grants in 
that programs do not have to be parish-based 
in order to qualify," Mrs. Partin said. 
"Community-based groups with strong 
Episcopal ties, diocesan committees and 
commissions, or even national groups are eli- 
gible to apply." 

In these categories, the Diocesan Disaster 
Relief Fund received $80,924 for its princi- 
pal, as well as $3,681 in interest; the World 
Disaster Relief Fund (for anything outside 
the diocese) received $22,330 for its princi- 
pal, plus $3,215 interest; the Emergency 
Fund received $41,715, plus $5,203 interest; 
and Diocesan New Programs received 
$52,526, plus $4,568 interest. Applications 

N.C. 4th diocese in U.S. 
in theological giving 

New York, April 11— Figures just released by the Episcopal Church's Board of Theological 
Education show that the Diocese of North Carolina was fourth highest in the United States in its 
1989 percentage of participation by parishes of allotting 1 percent of their annual budgets for the- 
ological education. Over 79 percent of parishes in the diocese met this standard. 

North Carolina was fourth highest, also, in actual dollars given to seminaries, with its 
$1 18,610 trailing only the dioceses of New York, Texas, and Virginia. 

East Carolina Diocese contributed $34,449, and the Diocese of Western North Carolina gave 
$25,085 for the same period 

Overall giving to seminaries in 1989, the most recent year for which figures are available, was 
$3,011,959. down slightly from the $3,079,907 contributed in 1988. 

may be obtained from the Rev. William S. 
Brettmann at Diocesan House in Raleigh 

Participation still possible 

Some people have fallen behind on their 
pledges, Mrs. Magdanz cautioned. "And 
ACTS is still accepting new pledges," she 
added, "from people who for various reasons 
have not yet pledged, or who were given no 
opportunity in their parishes to participate in 
the ACTS Campaign." 

Some principal has been distributed for 

professional campaign expenses. 

"The members of the Committee have 
worked long and hard to move along quickly 
but carefully. We are each convinced, I think, 
of the potential value this holds for the 
Diocese," Mrs. Partin said. 

Other members of the Committee and 
their convocations include Lane Drew, 
Charlotte; I. W. Murfree, Durham; Gail 
Stroud, Greensboro; Bill Harmon, Raleigh; 
the Rev. John Steed, Rocky Mount; Dr. Bill 
Goodwin, Sandhills; and John Hunter, 

Lutherans getting cold feet? 

The Conference of Bishops of the 
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America 
(ELCA) expressed doctrinal and practical 
concerns about the recent proposal for steps 
toward full communion with the Episcopal 

By a vote of 45 to 12, the bishops recom- 
mended to the mid- April ELCA Church 
Council meeting that "no action be taken by 
the ELCA until there is agreement that the 
doctrine and practice of this church are not 
compromised." The steps proposed by the 
recent Lutheran-Episcopal dialogue for full 
communion between the two churches "pre- 

Carolyn Darst was installed as new 

president of the diocesan Episcopal 

Church Women during the ECW's 

annual convention in April at Browns 


(See story on page 3) 

sent to the ELCA confessional matters of fun- 
damental magnitude which require investiga- 
tion of doctrine and practice." 

During the March 7-1 1 meeting in New 
Orleans, the bishops expressed concern about 
the timing of the recommendations in relation 
to a major study of ministry now underway in 
the ELCA. 

Episcopal News Service 

planning group 
to conduct survey 

RALEIGH-The Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina's long-range planning committee 
has embarked on a survey of all church mem- 
bers that will reflect the opinions and hopes 
they hold for the church's future. 

The long-range planning group began 
work last year and the survey marks the 
group's first active external move. The sur- 
vey will begin with focus groups in several 
cities within the diocese that stretches from 
Scotland Neck to Statesville. 

Other phases of the survey will include a 
telephone canvass and forms that will be sent 
to more than 15,000 parishioners across the 

North Carolina Bishop Robert W. Estill 
initiated the long range planning early last 
year when he appointed the Rev. David 
Williams of Burlington to lead the group. The 
committee includes several other clergy and 

The survey is being conducted by Dr. Al 
Stuart of the UNC-Charlotte faculty. Dr. 
Stuart said the survey will give the long range 
planning committee basic facts and ideas 
from which they can formulate plans and pro- 

Around the diocese 

1991 Summer Peace Camp 
planned at Camp New Hope 

The Center for Peace Education is holding 
the 2nd annual Summer Peace Camp, June 
17-21, Monday through Friday, from 8:30 to 
5 p.m. for children ages 6-14. The Summer 
Peace Camp will be held at Camp New Hope 
on Highway 86 between Chapel Hill and 

The goals of the Peace Camp are to create 
a fun and stimulating environment where 
young people can learn conflict resolution 
skills; multi-cultural appreciation; co-opera- 
tive acuon and personal, interpersonal, and 
environmental responsibility. The program 
for Peace Campers will also include swim- 
ming, crafts, hiking, cooperative games, 
music, puppetry, and dance. There will be 
inter-age group time as well as activities 
arranged for campers ages 6-9 and 10-14. 

The returning counselors for this year's 
camp arc Ginger Rcddick, Margot Gyorgy, 
and Arthur Schcrcr, all of whom have exten- 
sive experience as teachers and peace educa- 
tors. There will be additional counselors, 
interns, and specialty teachers assisting in the 
daily activities. 

Up to 50 children will be accepted to the 
Summer Peace Camp. Preregistration is 
required. The cost for attending is $125. 
Limited partial scholarships are available on a 
first come-first served basis, and all interested 
families arc encouraged to apply. A S25 non- 
refundable deposit will reserve a spot. 
Carpool information will be assisted by the 
Center for Peace Education. 

To receive a Camp Brochure, registration 
jform, Intern Application, or for more infor- 
mation on the Center for Peace Education call 
;<919) 929-9821 or write the Center at 214 
*ittsboro St., Chapel Hill, NC 27516. 


Lewis, Stanley, Askren 
win press awards 

St Louis, Mo. — The Associated Church 
Press, a 204-publication group of church- 
related newspapers and magazines throughout 
the United States and Canada, held its 
Diamond Jubilee convention here April 29- 
May 2 and presented writing and editing 
awards to several publications or individuals 
associated with the Episcopal Diocese of 
North Carolina. 

The Rev. Jim Lewis, diocesan director of 
Christian Social Ministries, wrote an article 
reflecting on his October visit to Iraq. 
Published in the November issue of The 
Witness, the article won an Award of Merit, 
Jic ACP's highest award. 

The Rev. Stephen R. Stanley, associate for 
campus ministry at Chapel of the Cross, 
Chapel Hill, wrote a two-part article titled "A 
Theology for Campus Ministry," which was 
published in the November and December 
numbers of The Communicant, and for which 
the newspaper won an Honorable Mention 
(equivalent of 3rd place among 35 entries) in 
the Theological Reflection category. 

Carter Askren, a communicant of Chapel 
of the Cross, Chapel Hill, edits Duke Divinitv 

School News & Notes, which received an 
Honorable Mention (the equivalent of 4th 
place among 24 entries) for magazine graph- 

The Communicant received a rating from 
University of Missouri School of Journalism 
judges that placed it 4th among 19 entries in 
the Newspaper General Excellence category. 
The top three scores in this category went to 
Episcopal News (Diocese of Los Angeles), 
Episcopal Life (national), and Anglican 
Journal (Canadian national). 

Liturgical Commission plans 
music workshop in August 

The Liturgical Commission is planning a 
workshop at the Conference Center on 
August 30 and 3 1 . The theme will be "With 
Hearts and Hands and Voices," and will be 
directed to parish musicians and clergy. 

Dr. Sam Batt Owens will be the workshop 
leader. He is currently music director of 
Christ Church Cathedral, Louisville, 
Kentucky. Dr. Owens will lead an exploration 
of the following areas: 1. Pastoral Issues con- 
fronting clergy and musicians; 2. The 
Reluctant Organist, Singer, and Choir 
Director (materials and resources, developing 
and improving skills); 3. Recruitment of choir 
members, and developing commitment. 

The cost for the workshop will be $47, 
and includes overnight lodging, as well as 
meals and workshop materials. Participants 
should bring a Prayer Book and Hymnal. 

Information on the workshop will be 
mailed to all churches in the diocese. Further 
information may be obtained from Anne 
Scoggin (919) 496-3758, or the Rev. Phil 
Byrum, Saint Timothy's Church, Wilson 

Balloons for Belize 

The Lower School Student Council at St. Timothy's School in Raleigh sponsored a 
balloon sale on Valentine's Day that cleared $1,300. For the fourth consecutive 
year, the money will be sent to St. Andrew's School in Belize to purchase school 
supplies and other necessary items. Belize, prior to its independence known as 
British Honduras, is located in Central America and has been for several years a 
companion diocese to the Diocese of North Carolina. Pictured are Ellie Childs, left, 
and George Cheely, both of St. Timothy's. 

Diocesan House staff makes 'Town Meeting 1 visits 

Chapfx Hill, April 23-A crowd of slightly over 100 persons from the Durham and Raleigh con- 
vocations attended the third of a series of five regional information-gathering visits being made by 
Bishops Estill and Williams and all the full-time executive staff of the Diocese here tonight. 
The Church of the Holy Family hosted the gathering in its nave and parish house. " 

The main purpose of these regional visits is for the bishops and their staff to listen to the peo- 
ple of the diocese, to hear from them regarding how they see the diocese-what concerns, ques- 
tions, and suggestions they have," said the Rev. William S. Brettmann, assistant to the bishop for 
program and mission. 

Previous meetings were held April 17 at Browns Summit for the Greensboro and Winston- 
Salem convocations and on April 22 at St. Martin's Church in Charlotte for the Charlotte 

Present at the Holy Family session were both bishops, the Rev. Mr. Brettmann, diocesan trea- 
surer and business manager Letty Magdanz, director of Christian Social Ministeries the Rev. Jim 
Lewis, Camp and Conference Center director John Koch, youth coordinator Frances Payne, and 
Communicant editor Ted M alone, a part-time employee. 

In preparation for these meetings an initial mailing was sent in March to clergy and wardens in 
charge of vacant cures, with the request that they share its contents with convention delegates. 
Responses to its two questions-what do you celebrate and what are you concerned about in the 
life of the diocese?-were returned to Diocesan House before the visits began. Over 200 people 
replied, according to Brettmann. 

It is hoped that there will be good attendance at the two final meetings, on Monday, June 10, at 
7:30 p.m. at St. Andrew's, Rocky Mount (Rocky Mount Convocation) and on Wednesday, June 
12, at 7:30 p.m. at Emmanuel Church, Southern Pines (Sandhills Convocation). Later in June, 
Bishop Estill plans to mail out a summary document containing "what we learned from what you 
had to say." 

The Communicant is published bimonthly, 
in January, March, May, July, September, 
and November by the Episcopal Diocese of 
North Carolina. 


The Rt.. Rev. Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop 

The Rt. Rev. Huntington Williams Jr. 


E.T. Malone Jr. 

Non -diocesan subscriptions are $10.00. 
Submissions are welcome; they are due in the 
10th of the month for the issue dated die fol- 
lowing month. 

Please send letters and address changes to: 
The Communicant, P.O. Box 17025, 
Raleigh, NC, 27619. Phone: (919) 787-6313. 

The Communicant is a member of die 
Associated Church Press and the Association 
of Episcopal Communicators. Second-class 
postage paid at Raleigh, North Carolina, and 
at additional post offices. Publication num- 
ber: USPS 392-580. 


This & that, from all over 

New vestry members at St. Philip's, 
Durham, to serve through 1993 are Neil 
Boothby, Lib Steele, Don Corry, and E. K. 

-The Rev. Robert W. Orvis, a retired 
Charlotte priest, died on March 22. 

-St. Timothy's, Winston-Salem, at its 
annual meeting elected Wiggy Box, Tom 
McAllister, and Edna Ragon to 3 -year vestry 
terms. Dr. John Hodges was elected to a one- 
year term created by the resignation of Ron 

-Ches Johnston is a new lay reader and 
chalice bearer at Trinity, Scotland Neck. 

-The Steering Committee of Habitat for 
Humanity of Johnston County is continuing 
monthly meetings begun last summer in an 
effort to bring this outreach program to 
Smithfield, the newsletter of St. Paul's, 
Smithfield, reports in its April issue. 

-The Rev. Nelson Hodgkins, interim 
vicar, writes in a recent number of the St. 
Anne's, Winston-Salem, newsletter: "How 
hard it is to be a Christian in modern 
America. Our enemies. . . see our country as 
rich and effete, self-centered, incapable of 
self -discipline or self-sacrifice." "It is not 
easy to reconcile self-indulgence with the 
scriptures or early traditions of the Christian 
church," he continues. "The danger in child- 
hood, and the reason we need good adult role 
models, is that we are tempted not to grow 
up. The adult faces a similar danger, the dan- 
ger of being seduced by the habits and plea- 
sures of life and forgetting God's call to grow 
into spiritual maturity. And where is that dan- 

Coalition issues 
urgent appeal 
for funds, space 

DURHAM, April 15 — An urgent appeal for 
assistance has been issued by the North 
Carolina Coalition Against Domestic 
Violence (NCCADV), our state's only pri- 
vately funded umbrella group focused on 
issues of battering and domestic violence. 
The organization is out of money and has 
been unable to obtain additional grants. 

Renee Stephens, director of the Coalition, 
has written more than 35 grant applications in 
recent months, but to no avail. Across the 
nation, funding for 'women's issues' is at an 
all-time low, she said. 

"The Coalition's excellent resource center 
is used by shelters, advocates, and other 
groups for information and programs. Given 
our state's grim statistics in this area, I 
believe it would be disastrous for this office 
to close," commented the Rev. Virginia 
Herring of St. Luke's, Salisbury. 

Maintaining office space is a primary 
expense, and anyone who may know of space 
in the Durham, Chapel Hill, or Raleigh area 
that could be donated is asked to contact Ms. 
Stephens at (919) 490-1467. 

In addition, the Coalition is trying to meet 
funding needs through a membership drive. 
Individual memberships are $15 and organi- 
zational ones are $35. Checks made out to 
NCCADV may be mailed to N.C. Coalition 
Against Domestic Violence, P.O. Box 51875, 
Durham, N.C. 27717-1875. 

ger more evident than here in 20th-century 
American, where our wealth makes self- 
denial seem unnatural, and the media offer us 
so few examples of mature adult behavior?" 

-St. Catherine's, Charlotte, has a new 
cross hanging on the wall above the altar. 
Designer and builder of the cross was Carl 
Scharstrom, with assistance from Clyde 

-The first Education for Ministry (EFM) 
group of the Chapel of the Cross, Chapel 
Hill, has completed the four-year course. The 
members included Tom Bloom, Jane Dyer, 
Janet Francis, Mary Lycan, Brad Mullis, and 
Larry Rowan. 

-Ikhana is the name of a newsletter on 
American Indian/ Alaska native ministry pub- 
lished by the Episcopal Church Center, 815 
Second Ave., New York, N.Y. 10017, under 
the oversight of Owanah Anderson. 

-Ron Sigrist was commissioned on April 
14 as a lay eucharistic minister at St. Anne's, 

-Holy Comforter, Burlington, which 
recently acquired new choir and acolyte 
robes, decided to share its old robes with 
New Friendship Presbyterian Church in 
Huntersville. Both churches had their "new" 
robes in time for Easter Day. 

-Deacon Harriette Sturges of St. Paul's, 
Louisburg, will be in France on special grant 
June 26- July 20, studying and living with a 
French family. In addition to her duties as a 
deacon, she teaches French at Louisburg 

-Word has been received that the Rev. 
Edwin Wappler, former rector of St. Paul's, 
Louisburg, died April 1. 

-Beverly Jordan and David Wilson are 
serving as senior and junior wardens, respec- 
tively, at St. Paul's, Smithfield, this year. 

ECW resolution 
against battering 

On the Church's Response to Domestic 
Violence (Passed at the Episcopal Church 
Women's annual meeting in April) 

WHEREAS, in the United States a 
woman is battered in her home once 
every 12 seconds; and 

WHEREAS, physical, sexual, emo- 
tional, and economic abuse is increasing- 
ly prevalent in our society; and 

WHEREAS, our concern as church- 
women is "to carry on Christ's work of 
reconciliation in the world" (BCP, p. 

that the local Episcopal Church Women's 
chapters be urged to the following 

1. Take initiative toward the imple- 
mentation of the resolution passed at the 
1991 Diocesan Convention; and 

2. Consider becoming an organiza- 
tional member of the North Carolina 
Coalition Against Domestic Violence; 

3. Encourage other members of their 
ECW chapters and congregations to take 
out individual memberships in same. 

Preparing for workshop 

Diocesan ECW boardmembers, from left, Shirley Sadler, Gail McKenzie, and 
Hennie Gregory review plans for the variety of morning workshops offered at the 
group's convention at Browns Summit recently. 

ECW annual meeting 
focuses on ' environments' 

By Cackie Kelly 

Delegates from around the diocese gathered 
at the Camp and Conference Center at 
Browns Summit during two bucolic days in 
mid April for the Annual Meeting of the 
Episcopal Church Women of the Diocese of 
North Carolina.Workshops, budget review, 
election of officers, and speakers were all on 
the agenda, presided over by President Mittie 

Legions of energetic women from nearby 
ECW branches supplied hospitality under 
cloudless Duke-blue skies and warm spring 
breezes. Host ECWs were from St. Thomas, 
Reidsville, and three Eden parishes — St. 
Luke's, Church of the Epiphany, and St. 
Mary's by-the-Highway. 

Reminder of 'human 

The meeting's theme was "Caring for God's 
Creation . . . The Earth is the Lord's and the 
Fullness Thereof, the World and They That 
Dwell Therein." Keynote speaker the Rev. 
Canon Nan Arrington Peete, from the 
Diocese of Atlanta, reflected on our under- 
standing of God's creation and admonished 
against, in our eagerness to be good stewards 
of God's physical environment, ignoring the 
"human environment." 

"How do we address, from both sides of 
the street, its lack of beauty and joy?" she 
reminded the group. 

Noteworthy during the business session 
was passage of a resolution addressing 
domestic violence and intended to be an 
accompaniment to the resolution on the same 
topic passed in January by the Diocesan 

Diocesan ECW board members elected by 
the delegates and installed by Bishop Estill 

for three-year terms include Carolyn Darst, 
president; Mina Hampton, vice-president; 
May Sherrod, president-elect; Susie Small, 
Christian education; and Boyd Harris, promo- 
tions. Alice Rice was appointed and installed 
as secretary, Dottie Holme as chairman of the 
Greensboro Convocation, Joanne Marshall as 
Church Periodical Club liaison, and Anne 
Stowe as conference center altar guild chair- 

Surplus funds distributed 

The delegates approved a motion to dis- 
tribute $3,000 of surplus 1990 funds to seven 
recipients: Healing Hands Project, for a 
newsletter for poultry workers; Farmworkers' 
Ministry, for a HeadStart program; 
Thompson Children's Home for furniture; 
Caring Program for Children, by Blue Cross- 
Blue Shield; the Penick Home; Mission Child 
Care Center in Hillsborough, to provide child 
care so that teen parents can return to high 

ECW approved a 1992 budget of $27, 100, 
which includes $17,200 in outreach grants. 

During the closing Eucharist, United 
Thank Offering monies were presented. 
Sandy Fussell, UTO coordinator, stated in her 
annual report that the UTO Fall Ingathering 
in our diocese totalled $32,820. Deadline for 
the Spring Ingathering is June 1. 

Delegates praised Conference Center 
director John Koch and his staff for providing 
"a serene environment and culinary delights." 

The 1 10th Annual Meeting will be at 
Emmanuel Church in Southern Pines in 
April, 1992. 

Cackie Kelly is immediate past secretary of 
promotions for the diocesan Episcopal 
Church Women. 

MAY 1 99 1 

N.C. deputies to 1991 General Convention 

Are you one of those proverbial people 
"in the pews" who feel that your wishes are 
not represented when the General 
Convention of the Episcopal Church meets 
every three years? According to The Living 
Church, this perception of not being repre- 
sented is a frequent criticism of the Episcopal 
Church's legislative process. For those peo- 
ple who feel out of touch with General 
Convention, which meets in July of this year, 
now is the time to do something about it. 

Episcopalians who are concerned about 
particular issues should contact deputies in 
their dioceses and let their opinions be heard. 
In order to expedite this process, The 
Communicant is providing the following list 
of General Convention deputies and alternate 
deputies for the Diocese of North Carolina. 


— The Rev. Robert Sessum, All Saints' 
Parish, 525 Lake Concord Road NE, 
Concord, N.C. 28025 (704) 782-2024, office. 

—The Rev. Dudley Colhoun, St. Paul's 
Church, 520 Summit Street, Winston-Salem, 
N.C. 27101, (919) 7234391, office. 

— The Rev. Kenneth Henry, Holy 
Comforter Church, 2701 Park Road, 
Charlotte, N.C. 28209, (704) 332-4171, 

—The Rev. Janet Watrous, Saint Mary's 
College, 900 Hillsborough Street, Raleigh, 
N.C. 27609, (919) 828-2521, office. 

—Scott Evans, 3818 Regent Road, 
Durham, N.C. 27707, (919) 4892721, home. 

—Joseph Cheshire, P.O. Box 10096, 

Raleigh, N.C. 27605-0096, (919) 783-6400, 

— Anne Tomlinson, 1330 Scotland 
Avenue, Charlotte, N.C. 28207, (704) 372- 
3728, home. 

—Cecil Patterson, 409 Lawson Street, 
Durham, N.C. 27707, (919) 683-6100, home. 

Alternate deputies 

—The Rev. Glenn Busch, St. Mary's 
Church, 108 West Farriss Avenue, High 
Point, N.C. 27262, (919) 886-4756, office. 

—The Rev. Frederick Warnecke, St. 
Francis' Church, 3506 Lawndale Drive, 
Greensboro, N.C. 27408, (919) 288-4721, 

—The Rev. Blair Both, St. Michael's, 

1520 Canterbury Road, Raleigh, N.C. 27608, 
(919) 782-5085, office. 

—Jane House, Box 116, Louisburg, N.C. 
27549, (919) 4964806, home. 

—Anne Thompson, 1123 Yorkshire 
Drive, Cary, N.C. 27511, (919) 4677248, 

— Letty Magdanz, Diocesan House, P.O. 
Box 17025, Raleigh, N.C. 27619-7025, (919) 
787-6313, office. 

—Julia Elsee, Route 4, Box 130, 
Smithfield, N.C. 27577, (919) 9346340, 

The Rev. Neff Powell, who was elected a 
deputy at the 1990 diocesan convention, is 
moving to Oregon and has been replaced by 
the first alternate, the Rev. Kenneth Henry. 

General Convention to receive report 

Group proposes ordination for gays, 
blessing of relationships of gay couples 

After threk years of study and delibera- 
tions, the Standing Commission on Human 
Affairs will present a resolution to this sum- 
mer's General Convention recommending 
that the ordination of gay candidates to the 
priesthood should be left to the discretion of 
local bishops. 

If the resolution is adopted in Phoenix, "I 
would hope it would depoliticize those deci- 
sions to some degree," said Bishop George 
Hunt of Rhode Island, choir of the commis- 
sion, in an interview with the Pittsburgh 

The proposed resolution says that "each 
diocese of this church. fully competent to 
determine whom best to ordain.. .in the light 
of the qualifications presented for ordinations 
in the Book of Common Prayer. ..and in 
accordance with national and local canons 
and longstanding practice, the Ecclesiastical 
Authority in each diocese determines which 
clergy may be received or licensed to offici- 
ate with the respective diocese." 

Local bishops would decide 

"What the resolution does is simply affirm 
the practice of the church throughout its his- 
tory in the United States, of leaving those 
decisions to diocesan bishops and their stand- 
ing committees," Bishop Hunt told the Press. 

The commission's resolution comes after 
the House of Bishops voted in September 
1990 to disassociate itself from the ordination 
of an openly gay priest in the Diocese of 
Newark in 1989. Yet, in spite of the vote, 
there is still lingering debate in the church 
about the binding authority of a 1979 General 
Convention resolution that said ordination on 
noncelibate homosexuals was "not appropri- 

"My own personal opinion is that passage 
of the [proposed] resolution would negate the 
1979 resolution," Bishop Hunt said in a tele- 
phone interview. "If General Convention 

wants to legislate additional standards for 
ministry, it will have to be done with a canon 

A proposal to amend the canons to explic- 
itly prohibit the ordination of homosexuals is 
expected to be presented to the convention. 

Urges blessing for couples 

In a separate section of its report, the com- 
mission will recommend that the church con- 
sider blessing the relationships of committed 
gay and lesbian couples. 

"A strong majority of this commission 
believes that it is possible and desirable for 
Christian communities fully to support mar- 
riages of men and women and their families, 
to bless, safeguard and strengthen them, with- 
out withholding support and blessing from 
persons of the same sex who are in faithful, 
committed relationships, seeking in them the 
characteristics of sacrificial love and abiding 
care for the other," the report said. 

Bishop Hunt reported that the majority of 
the commission was in favor of such bless- 
ings, yet it would offer a recommendation 
rather than a resolution, because "the com- 
mission recognized that this issue hasn't had 
thorough treatment by the church." He said 
that the commission felt that another commis- 
sion should consider the issue, and keep it in 
front of the church. 

The commission will recommend that the 
Standing Liturgical Commission "study the 
theological and liturgical issues involved in 
affirming and blessing these covenants.. .and 
begin the process for developing liturgical 
forms for them." 

"We don't ask the convention to approve 
or reject our report," Bishop Hunt said. "This 
is where we are at the moment, and we do not 
know whether the recommendation will be 
considered or ignored by the convention." 

"I think we heard from virtually every 

perspective available on the subject," Bishop 
Hunt continued. Although the committee was 
not unanimous in its conclusions, Bishop 
Hunt said that he believes the commission 
operated with an attempt to arrive at consen- 
sus. "I feel that this commission is the best 
one I've ever worked on. It has taken an enor- 
mous amount of time, but I think we have 
produced good, solid work," he said. 
"Being divided ourselves on such key 

issues," the report said, "we recognize that 
some of our recommendations will strike 
many people in the church as not going far 
enough, that they will strike many others as 
going too far.... We offer them as a starting 
point for continued discussion at every level 
of the church." 

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News of the National Church 

Bishop proposes binding canon on morality of clergy 

By Jeffrey Perm 

It is time for the Episcopal Church to define 
its expectations of the clergy in the area of 
sexual morality, according to a prominent 
bishop who will introduce a new canon at the 
General Convention in Phoenix. 

Bishop William Frey has announced that 
he will propose a canon saying that "all mem- 
bers of the clergy of this church.. .shall be 
under the obligation to abstain from sexual 
relations outside of Holy Matrimony." 

Frey, former bishop of Colorado who 
serves as dean of the Trinity Episcopal School 
for Ministry in Ambridge, Pennsylvania, said 
in an interview that his proposal "would bring 
clarity to the church's position on sexuality 

The Frey proposal would not require a 
vow of chastity on the part of clergy, but 
would, in effect, obligate them to such a 
lifestyle based on their promise at ordination 
"to uphold the doctrine [and] discipline" of 
the church." I believe that Holy Matrimony is 
the biblical sexual ethic. Anything else is out- 
side the bounds of the church's position," 
Frey said. 

In a letter to bishops seeking cosponsors 
of his proposal, Frey asserted that the canon 
would recognize an existing "double stan- 
dard" between expectations in the church of 
laity and clergy. "Clergy are expected to pro- 
vide 'effective examples in word and action.' 

In other words, they are to be role models," 
he wrote. 

Frey said that his proposal would address 
the need to establish clear standards for defin- 
ing sexual misconduct by clergy in the face of 
a rising number of lawsuits. Frey is a defen- 
dant in a case concerning a priest under his 
supervision, dating from the time when he 
was bishop of Colorado. "I admit that a canon 
will not solve our problems, but I believe it 
will lessen our liability and exposure in those 
cases where sexual misconduct is alleged," 
Frey said. 

Also address debate on 

Frey said that his proposal would also 
address the debate in the church on the sub- 
ject of homosexuals in the clergy. 
"Homosexuals would be included in my pro- 
posal. I'm not in favor of ordaining [nonceli- 
bate] homosexual people. I have no trouble 
with them if they lead a celibate life," he said. 

Frey acknowledged that his proposal 
would be pitted against a resolution of the 
Standing Commission on Human Affairs that 
would leave the question of fitness of all can- 
didates to be ordained — including homosexu- 
als — to local bishops and Commissions on 
Ministries. "If nothing else were being pro- 
posed, I might not propose this," Frey said. 
He added that an earlier proposal offered by 
Bishop John Howe of Central Florida "would 
likely be withdrawn." 

As many as 15 bishops have told Frey that 
they would cosponsor his canon proposal. 
Frey reported that he received "many expres- 
sions of support" when he presented his pro- 
posal at a recent meeting of the Iranaeus fel- 
lowship, an informal study group of 60 bish- 
ops who support traditional teachings of the 
church. "I haven't kept a count, but I estimate 
that 40 to 45 bishops have expressed support 
for the canon," he said. 

Not sure how it will be enforced 

Frey admitted that he was not sure how 
his canon might be enforced throughout the 
church. "I'm not interested in witch hunts, 
and I never have been. I am not trying to add 
another cause for deposition," Frey said. "But 
I think we must state what the ideal is. We 
need to announce the ideal whether we are 
able to live up to it or not. This [proposal] is a 
brief canonical expression of what we said in 

Although the 1979 General Convention 
adopted a resolution saying that it was "not 
appropriate" to ordain nqncelibate homosexu- 
als, 44 bishops subsequently signed a public 
statement of dissent saying that they would 
not be bound by the resolution. 

In December 1989, on of the dissenting 
bishops, the Rt. Rev. John Spong of Newark 
(New Jersey), ordained a noncelibate homo- 
sexual to the priesthood. Although the House 
of Bishops voted in its annual meeting in 
Washington, DC, last fall to "disassociate" 

itself from the ordination, the question 
regarding the binding authority of the 1979 
resolution was a major bone of contention. 

'A n act of ecclesiastical 

Frey was clear that his proposal would 
bind the bishops who had publicly dissented 
from the 1979 resolution. "i think it would 
bind everybody who vows to obey the consti- 
tution and canons of the church," he said. If 
his proposal is adopted by the convention, 
Frey said that future ordinations of nonceli- 
bate homosexuals would be an "act of eccle- 
siastical disobedience." 

Although the new canon would be binding 
on the church, Frey denied that it would stifle 
discussion on the matter of human sexuality. 
"Dialogue is going to continue as long as 
there are people in the church. The fact that a 
certain issue is under discussion does not 
mean that the previous resolution is therefore 
out of bounds while we discuss it," he said. 

Frey added that he hoped the adoption of 
his proposed canon would help move the 
church on to subjects other than sexuality. 
'The sexuality tail is wagging the dog. I'd 
like to see other issues come to the fore," he 
said. "Let's get on with sharing the Gospel to a 
a hurting world." 

Episcopal News Service 

New dean of the School of 
Theology at the University of the 
South in Sewanee, Tennessee, is 
the Rev. Dr. Guy Fitch Lytle III, an 
Alabama native and Phi Beta Kappa 
Princeton graduate who is currently 
a professor at the Church Divinity 
School of the Pacific and at the 
Graduate Theological Union in 
Berkeley, California. 

Delays 'alternative' parishes proposal 

ESA grapples with church reform plans 

By Nan Cobbey 

Repeating a contention that they are not 
threatening to leave, but to stay," delegates to 
the Episcopal Synod of America's (ESA) leg- 
islative session continued to seek ways to 
reform the Episcopal Church from within— 
but also laid plans to work outside the struc- 
tures if their efforts fail. 

During a three-day meeting in Chicago, 
April 18-20, ESA delegates reaffirmed their 
original intent to form a "church within a 
church" to oppose what they perceive as lib- 
eral trends in the Episcopal Church. "We are 
trying to redeem the church," said Bishop 
Clarence Pope of Fort Worth and president of 
the ESA. 

In his opening address Pope said, "We 
must lay plans to achieve [reforms] within 
the existing institutions, but we must also 
make contingency plans so that if they cannot 
be achieved within those institutions, they 
may be achieved outside them, though I hope 
still in communion with orthodox Anglicans 

'Spiritual gas chambers' 

"We have been artificially trapped within 
geographical boundaries that for many have 
become spiritual gas chambers," Pope said. 

He spoke of ESA's idea for a 10th province, 
which would have a theological rather than a 
geographical base. That proposal, adopted at 
the synod's meeting in Denver last year, met 
with no support from either Presiding Bishop 
Edmond Browning or the House of Bishops 
meeting last September. 

The ESA delegates called for creation of 
an "ecclesial entity" to hear appeals from 
ESA congregations that believe they are suf- 
fering from injustices "for their theological 
convictions." The proposal, written by retired 
Bishop Donald Parsons of Peoria, Illinois, 
also called for monitoring "instances in 
which ESA bishops believe they must cross 
jurisdictional lines to minister to congrega- 
tions with ESA convictions." Parson's pro- 
posal will be introduced as a resolution to 
General Convention in July. 

Alternative parishes for 
disaffected Episcopalians 

One proposal likely to provoke controver- 
sy was a report that was eventually referred 
to the ESA's Synodical Council that would 
establish "alternative" traditionalist parishes 
to current Episcopal churches around the 
country for disaffected Episcopalians. 

"It is our duty to provide an alternative," 

said the Rev. Richard Cantrell, chairman of 
the ESA Task Force on New Parishes, as he 
presented a report to the 1 19 traditionalist lay 
and clergy delegates and 1 1 bishops. Cantrell 
spelled out the scope of his proposal, 'The 
ESA will begin as quickly as the bishops 
deem it timely to establish congregations in 
the larger population centers that have no tra- 
ditionalist parishes at present, and in other 
places where the opportunity presents 
itself.... We will do this with the permission 
of the ordinary where possible, but without it 
if it is not available." 

According to Cantrell, the ESA should 
begin to recruit priests, provide episcopal 
oversight, and "consecrate missionary bish- 
ops without waiting for canonical authority." 

Cantrell's report acknowledged the dan- 
gers of such action: "Priests and bishops 
must be ready to accept the possibility of 
deposition, and the ESA active ordinaries 
must be ready to continue recognizing them 
and supporting them." Cantrell also suggest- 
ed that the ESA should develop an alterna- 
tive to the Church Pension Fund "as quickly 
as possible." 

Nan Cobbey is features editor of 
Episcopal Life. 
Episcopal News Service 

MAY 1 99 1 

Presiding Bishop's Fund aids Kurdish refugees 

By Katerina K. Whitley 

Tire world is watching with horror the des- 
perate flight of 3 million Kurds — to the 
mountains of Northern Iraq, to southeast 
Turkey and to Iran. Such abandonment of 
hordes of fleeing people has not been wit- 
nessed since WWII. 

The Kurds have been victims before, but 
never to such an extent. In the second week 
of April, the message is clear: if help doesn't 
reach the Kurds within days there will be 
thousands of deaths. Already 1,500 have died 
at the border of Iraq and Turkey. 

The Presiding Bishop's Fund for World 
Relief sent an emergency grant of $25,000 to 
the Middle East Council of Churches on 
April 8, 1991, to be used immediately for 
food and medicine by the families of Kurds 
fleeing the armies of Iraq. The food and 
medicine will be purchased in Istanbul and 
will be delivered by volunteers from the 
churches in Turkey and the Middle East 
Council of Churches. As of this writing, two 
Christian priests from Istanbul arc on a fact 
finding trip to the refugee camps. Whenever ■ 
aid is sent by the churches, a team from the 
Ecumenical Relief Services accompanies the 
shipment and helps the Red Crescent delivei 
it to the people. 

The Presiding Bishop's Fund for World 
Relief has kept in close touch with the bish- 

ops of Jerusalem, the Gulf and the Middle 
East. With the approval of the presiding bish- 
op of the area, the Rt. Rev. Samir Kafity, and 
his fellow bishops in.Cyprus, in Amman and 
in Egypt, and in cooperation with the Middle 
East Council of Churches, the Fund has sent 
emergency grants to deal with the refugee cri- 
sis in Jordan and other parts of the Middle 
East that resulted from the invasion of 
Kuwait and the subsequent war. 

Money has gone to Bishop Elias Khoury 
in Amman for the needs of the refugees who 
fled Iraq and Kuwait; it has been sent to 
Bishop Kafity for the needs of the 
Palestinians who, because of the strictly 
imposed Israeli curfew, lost wages and 
income; it has been administered by Bishop 
Charles Keyser of the Armed Forces for the 
need of dependent families of the U.S. mili- 
tary. Nothing to date, however, can compare 
to the plight of the Kurds who need a massive 
infusion of aid by the international communi- 
ty in order to survive. The Christian churches, 
under the auspices of the Middle East 
Council of Churches, have struggled to keep 
abreast of the situation. They performed with 
near miraculous speed in setting up camps in 
Amman, Jordan, when the first huge exodus 
began from Kuwait and Iraq. Now they are 
trying to come to the aid of the Kurds. This 
has nothing to do with the refugees' religious 
affiliation. It is interesting to note, however, 
that of 'he nearly 8,000 who had registered 

A Palestinian's perspective 

"New World Order" 
seen as real problem 

By E.T. Malone Jr. 

Raleigh, April 10-The Palestinian problem 
has become diminished in a greater prob- 
lem — one of global dimensions — the so- 
called "New World Order" proclaimed by 
America's President George Bush — a 
Christian Palestinian lawyer told a group 
meeting at Diocesan House. 

Jonathan Kuttab, an Anglican who attends 
St. George's Cathedral in Jerusalem and is a 
graduate of the University of Virginia law 
school, was in this country visiting friends 
and political leaders when he stopped in 
Raleigh to address a group of Arab- American 
supporters and members of the Episcopal 
Peace Fellowship. Kuttab, who spoke pas- 
sionately and without notes for over two 
hours, is a member of the West Bank 
Advisory Committee of Middle East Witness. 

"This New World Order has already been 
inaugurated. If it succeeds in establishing 
itself, in the foreseeable future it is going to 
be a very dangerous thing, for those con- 
cerned with human values," he maintained. 

"Never before in the history of humankind 
have we seen anything on this scale. We are 
seeing now Pax Americana on a worldwide 
basis. Never before has there been such fire- 
power at the disposal of an empire — an 
empire on all levels: military, economics, 

communications. All international organiza- 
tions are being subverted for the purposes of 
this empire," he argued. 

"It has a communications order in which 
news is dictated to the world. Cable News 
Network, ABC, NBC, and CBS have estab- 
lished themselves internationally, globally as 
the arbiters of what is true, what is the facts. 
What these television networks say, operating 
at the level of perception rather than facts, 
that is what goes. Add to this probably three 
major newspapers — the New York Times, the 
Los Angeles Times, and the Washington Post, 
plus the Associated Press (AP) and United 
Press International (UPI) and you see that this 
is where most people, including all the Third 
World countries, get their news," he said . 

"Management techniques have been 
methodically, systematically put to work for 
this empire. The overwhelming destruction of 
Iraq was inevitable. I think Iraq was just an 
example to the world," Kattub declared. 

He remarked that in a conversation with 
an American official before the invasion of 
Kuwait by Iraq, the American told him: 
"When we look out from Washington, we see 
that there is no longer any competition. What 
we say goes." 

The collapse of the Eastern Bloc made 
United States hegemony inevitable, Kattub 
observed. "But what is frightening is that this 

(Continued on page 10) 

with Turkish authorities by April 5, the 
majority were Chaldean Catholics, Syrian and 
Armenian Orthodox or had other religious 
affiliations. Most of the migrating Kurds are 
young adults with a large number of children, 
the most vulnerable in the disaster. 

The Presiding Bishop's Fund has sent over 
$125,000 to the people directly affected by 
the crisis in the Middle East. It has also sent 
out an appeal letter by Bishop Furman C. 
Stough, Deputy for the Fund, along with three 
reproduceable bulletin inserts to inform con- 
gregations of the needs in the Gulf. If you 
have not seen these bulletin inserts ask your 
rector to include them in the worship leaflet 
as soon as possible. The Presiding Bishop's 
Fund is every Episcopalian's immediate 
response to the needs of abandoned people in 
the world. 

In its April meeting the Board of Directors 
of the Fund approved the following grants 

directly related to the current crisis: 

* $50,000 to the Diocese of Jerusalem and 
the Middle East through the Middle East 
Council of Churches; 

* $20,000 to same diocese for refugee 
relief in Iran; 

* $14,879 for relief efforts in the Province 
of Jerusalem and the Middle East; 

* $16,663 to the Diocese of Cyprus and 
the Gulf for relief within the diocese; 

* $25,000 for refugee relief in the Persian 
Gulf through Church World Service; 

* $28,773 for refugee relief in Iran 
through Church World Service; and 

* $44,785 for relief efforts in the Persian 
Gulf to be released by the Deputy. 

Katerina K. Whitley is a member of the staff 
of the Presiding Bishop's Fund for World 

Children never asked for war 

Touching scenes of children being hugged by their soldier parents return- 
ing from the war bring a lump in the throat. And then we remember thai 
there are other children who will never see theirparents because they were 
killed in the war. Tears of joy become tears of sorrow. 

There are thousands of children in Iraq who have no clean water to drink 
and very little food is available to them and to their mothers. 30,000 
children are in need of medical help in Iraq. Medicine is inadequate, 
or non-existent, and the lack of electricity endangers all the vaccines. In 
the camps of Jordan and Egypt, filled with refugee families, there are 
many little children and babies. Urgent needs are for baby food and 
high-protein food for the mothers. 

We ask your help for all these children. Send your check to The Presiding 
Bishop's Fund for World Relief and designate it, for the children of the 
camps or for the children in Iraq. All your contributions mil be 
administered through the Middle East Council of Churches and the 
Anglican Church in the Middle East. 

All gifts are welcome, but 
your gift of $29.00 or more 
will provide medicine and 
feed a young child for a 
month. Send gifts to: 

The Presiding 
Bishop's Fund for 

World Relief 

815 Second Ave. 

New York, NY 10017 

This refugee child 

needs clean water and 

safe vaccines and medicines. 





Carey in Procession at Enthronement, Canterbury Cathedral 

The Most Rev. and Rt. Hon. George L. Carey was greeted by more than 2,000 people in procession during his enthronement as 103rd archbishop of Canterbury and primate of all 
England. International religious leaders, British political leaders, and members of the royal family were among the guest at the ceremony on April 19, 1991. Carey wore specially 
designed, cream-colored vestments embroidered with bright red and orange flames 

Carey enthroned as 103rd archbishop of Canterbury 

By James Solheim 

In a service that blended the modem and the 
medieval, George Leonard Carey was formal- 
ly enthroned April 19 as the 103rd archbishop 
of Canterbury in the full glare of national 
television and a crowd of 2,200 jammed into 
Canterbury Cathedral. While the curious 
waited behind police barricades in the blus- 
tery spring weather that included both sun- 
shine and sleet, hundreds of political and reli- 
gious leaders from around the world gathered 
for the stately procession into the cathedral. 
When all were in their seats, Princess Diana 
and Princess Margaret, representing the royal 
family, took their places in the choir. 

After reading the official mandate of elec- 
tion, the dean and members of the chapter 
paraded to the west door of the cathedral to 
welcome the archbishop to his cathedral 
church. Three sharp raps on the door echoed 
throughout the hushed cathedral, and Carey 

entered to a stirring trumpet fanfare, offering 
his blessing "upon this house and upon this 
company." With all the pageantry that the 
English church can muster, Carey moved to 
the altar where he knelt for prayers. 

Facing the people, resplendent in his vest- 
ments incorporating the flame of the Holy 
Spirit in red and gold, the new archbishop 
took his oath of office on the Canterbury 
Gospels. By tradition, the books were given 
by Pope Gregory the Great to Augustine, his 
missionary bishop to England in the sixth 
century and the first archbishop of 

Five of the international church leaders, 
including Presiding Bishop Edmond 
Browning, led the intercessions, praying for 
the church's role in seeking peace and unity 
in its witness to the world. 

After Carey was installed as the archbish- 
op in the Province of Canterbury, he took his 
seat in the ancient chair of St. Augustine to 
underscore his role as leader of the world's 

70 million Anglicans. He received a blessing 
from Archbishop Manasses Kuria of Kenya, 
senior primate of the Anglican Communion. 

Acknowledging his evangelical back- 
ground, Carey selected modern music during 
the passing of the peace that included a saxo- 
phone and a synthesizer. The African beat of 
one song drew appreciative applause from the 
dignified congregation. 

In a strong voice filled with passion and 
conviction, Carey's sermon gave the clearest 
indication yet that he plans to lead a mission- 
ary church that will speak for the poor and 
oppressed — and not avoid involvement in 

'The cross of Jesus Christ firmly roots us 
in human concerns and needs — and places us 
alongside the oppressed, the dispossessed, the 
homeless, the poor, and the starving millions 
of this planet," he said. Therefore, the church 
can't avoid "political comment when free- 
dom, dignity, and worth are threatened." 

Carey also had some blunt words for his 

own flock when he attacked the "doubt and 
secularism of much of our nation" but added 
that the church also faces "challenges that will 
test us deeply." He cited the ordination of 
women as one of those challenges but "also 
the challenge to live with and accept grateful- 
ly the diverse traditions that make up the 
breadth of Anglicanism." 

"From St. Augustine's chair, I ask that we 
set about our divisions the urgency of witness- 
ing to our nation that there is a God who cares 
and loves all people," Carey said. 

Clearly relieved and overjoyed, Carey 
stepped into the sunshine and greeted the hun- 
dreds who had waited patiently outside during 
the two-hour-long service. The newly 
enthroned archbishop waded into the crowd, 
greeted the people gathered outside the cathe- 
dral, kissed a few babies, and chatted with 
school groups who displayed their eagerness 
to participate in a piece of history. 

Episcopal News Service 

MAY 1 99 1 

Visit to homeless shelter stirs anger in student 

By Margaret Ellington 

The face of the man silting across from mc 
was weathered and worn. His cheeks sagged 
and his eyelids drooped as if the great weight 
of years and years of too much alcohol and 
too little sleep had forced them to close auto- 
matically at any chance of rest. The comers 
of these eyes had wrinkles much like the ones 
on his hands. He was haggard, and his back 
slouched and gave the impression that he had 
had a long, difficult existence. The only 
aspect of him which made it possible to con- 
sider him more than just a lifeless body was 
his eyes. There was a sparkle in them that 
matched the gold in his teeth; and even 
though they were bloodshot, the contrast 
against his dirty skin was stark. 

The man was speaking in the slurred 
tongue of drunkenness about his ex-wife and 
how she took him for all he was worth. She 
took everything but the clothes he had on and 
the sofa which did not match her and her 
boyfriend's new apartment. He had long 
since pawned the decrepit piece of furniture 
and the trumpet that he used to play from 
time to time. He told mc that he used to play 
in a band with James Brown and that he was 
mad that James was in jail and couldn't prac- 
tice with "da' boys" anymore. He seemed not 
to notice the doubt 1 was trying to keep from 
showing on my face. He went on telling mc 
many more stories about himself, some 
believable, some far from it. He did not know 
that 1 wasn't in need of being impressed, that 
anything that had happened to him seemed 

more interesting than my life. 

He went off on a kick for a while about 
how all women were wretched human beings 
and their sole purpose on this earth was to 
cause men grief. His mood switched violently 
and he began to see me for a person, a girl, 
not just someone to talk at, but someone who 
was listening to him speak and paying atten- 
tion, and caring. All of a sudden, he got a 
peaceful look on his face and his eyes glazed 
over. He began a long list of compliments to 
me. He spoke of my youthfulness, how he 
thought 1 was even more beautiful than his 
wife and he added, "that bitch." He spoke of 
how I was not like other women he knew, but 
nice and sweet. 

He stopped abruptly in mid-compliment 
and stated that I must leave because he did 
not trust himself around such an innocent 
creature. And as I stood up, he looked at me 
with envy, jealous of my naivete about the 
harshness of the world. I left the table and 
walked towards the kitchen. I looked back 
once and saw that he was talking to himself, 
laughing and smiling at some happy memory 
or maybe a joke that he remembered. I won- 
dered if he had even known that I was there 
or what an impact he had made on me. 

While I was walking through the crowded 
dining room of this sleazy, dirty, soup 
kitchen, I ran into a man accidentally. He pro- 
fessed his sorrow in having maybe hurt me 
and proceeded to tell me how he had been 
clean for two days now. It seems he was a 
heavy crack user, but he had talked to an 
evangelist on the street two days earlier and 
was trying to come clean so that the good 

Second summer of camps 
begins at Browns Summit 

Tin; second summer of camp at Browns Summit, which will run from June 16 through August 9, 
offers a wide variety of opportunities for young people in grades 4-12, according to diocesan 
youth coordinator Frances Payne. 

Although this is only the second full summer of camps held at the Conference Center, there is 
a long tradition of camping in the Diocese of North Carolina, she said. 

A talented camp staff, the youth facility, the pool, the lake, and the beauty of Browns Summit 
provide the setting for Choir Camp, Junior Camp, Middlcrs Camp, Senior Camp, Urban Plunge, 

'The camps provide children and young adults with fun, fellowship, and an exciting chance to 
grow in a Christian community," Frances commented. 

Choir Camp, set for June 16-21, is for rising fourth through graduated sixth graders. "This 
year's Choir Camp will explore the joys and mysteries of music and liturgy through song, nature, 
games, crafts, prayer, and sheer fun," Frances explained. 

Junior Camp, also for grades 4-6, is scheduled for June 22-July 5. 

Middlcrs Camp, intended for grades 6-8, will be July 7-12; and Senior Camp, for grades 9-12, 
is July 14-19. 

"We will play and work together physically, emotionally, and spiritually. These summer days 
are filled with sunshine, singing, swimming, running, reflection, worship, sharing, creating, and 
eating!" Mrs. Payne said. 

Urban Plunge, for grades 9-12, will be July 28- August 2. Led by the Rev. Kermit Bailey, a 
deacon from Holy Trinity, Greensboro, participants will get a close-up look at problems of 
hunger, poverty, and homelcssncss. 

H.U.G.S. (Helping Understand God by Sharing) is a camp session, running August 4-9, for 
grades 6-1 2, in which teens with physical or mental differences are brought together with others 
in a community of fellowship and love. 

All young people — rising fourth graders through 1991 high school graduates — arc invited to 
participate in the youth programs of thcDioccsc of North Carolina regardless of religious affilia- 
tion, sex, race, or handicapping conditions. Scholarship money is available for most camps. 

For further information, interested persons should contact Frances Paynes, P.O.Box 61447, 
Durham, N.C. 27715, (919) 286-0305. 

A brochure inserted in this issue of The Communicant contains more details about who is 
leading the camp sessions, costs, and general registration information. 

"Urban Plunge" participants 

Author Margaret Ellington poses last summer with other participants in 

the "Urban Plunge" camp session at Browns Summit. The plight of the 

homeless made her angry and sent her looking for ansewrs to difficutl 


Lord would take him when he came upon his 
deathbed. He went on to tell me about being 
fired from his job at a fast food restaurant, 
while dropping hints of his affinity for homo- 
sexuality and bestiality. He then did some- 
thing much in the same manner that the other 
man did. He stopped abruptly, stating that he 
was terribly sorry for whatever he had just 
said, that it was probably the leftover effects 
of the bottle he drank earlier. He begged for- 
giveness from God for soiling such an inno- 
cent, pure, naive child of His by exposing her 
to the stories of his evil existence. The young 
man was only a little taller than me and not 
much older. His dirty and tattered clothes 
clung to his smelly, sweaty body. I remember 
wanting to faint from his stench. The smells 
of cheap alcohol and urine surrounded him, 
and his horrifying bad breath almost knocked 
me down. 

I looking around, leaning against a dirty 
wall for support. The stench of decay, hope- 
lessness, and desperation that permeated the 
place was pulling at me, coaxing me, taunting 
me. I thought about my life as I leaned there 
unable to move. I thought about how 1 
seemed so untouched, pure, a virgin to the 
kind of lives these people here tonight led. I 
wondered why I was here, somewhere I had 
no right to be. I had come to a homeless shel- 
ter in Greensboro, North Carolina with a 
church group to fix tonight's dinner. Part of 
me wanted to run and hide in the closet and 
not come out until the group was to leave, 
and the other part of me resented like hell that 
I felt this way. 

I never considered myself a person who 
had an easy life. I've been through more that 
my fair share of unfairness and hardship. I 
was never taught that life was fair or that 
everything came easily, but I always had food 
to eat, a warm home in which to live, and a 
loving family to be there for me. I realize 

now that most everyone has something in his 
life that is really hard on him, something that 
changes him dramatically. I thought I had my 
fair share of experience, but that summer 
working at Greensboro Urban Ministries 
showed me how innocent and lucky I have 
been in ways I took for granted. I still have 
no personal experience with homelessness or 
hunger, but I have taken a serious look. I can- 
not ignore it, and I no longer feel innocent. 

I had come to the shelter feeling good 
about helping people who were less fortunate 
than I. The rest of the group I was with left 
feeling good about themselves, but all I felt 
was rage and inadequacy. I was angry, so 
angry that I felt I would explode. I was angry 
that this had to exist, that there were more 
fortunate people who could have bought din- 
ner for all these people for one hundred years, 
and didn't. And I felt unworthy, inadequate 
because I could no nothing to help them. 
Dinner one night, money, free clothes — no 
handouts would help make this problem 
extinct. These people were victims of a 
flawed system. 

Perhaps my anger has been productive in 
that it makes me want to expose others to the 
harshness and unfairness of this world and 
show them that there must be something done 
to help this situation. Maybe, by working 
together, we can find answers to rid the world 
of this malady of our society that I have yet 
been able to resolve or forget. 

Margaret Ellington, a communicant of St. 
Michael's, Raleigh, is a freshman at the 
University of North Carolina at Greensboro. 
The encounters she describes took place last 
summer when she was enrolled in the "Urban 
Plunge" camp session for high school stu- 
dents at the diocesan Camp and Conference 
Center at Browns Summit. 



New books, religious 
and general 

Father Melancholy's Daughter. By Gail 
Godwin. New York: Morrow, 1991 
404 pp., $21.95 

It takes a brave writer to tackle the subject 
of religion in a novel. Either you cultivate an 
air or ironic detachment and scandalize the 
faithful, or you create cardboard characters 
and pious themes that bore the pants off 
everybody else. All of which is to say that, by 
avoiding both hazards, Gail Godwin has 
scored a triumph in her latest novel, Father 
Melancholy's Daughter. Father Melancholy 
is an Episcopal priest in a small town in 
northern Virginia. Some of his parishioners 
have given him that name because he is sub- 
ject to Periodic fits of depression, which he 
calls his Black Curtain. But the central char- 
acter is Margaret, his daughter, who narrates 
the story. 

When Margaret was six years old, her 
beloved mother put her on the school bus in 
the morning, then went off in the afternoon 
with an old school friend, a woman whom 
Margaret instinctively disliked and distrusted. 
It was supposed to be a short vacation for her 
mother, but it turned into a year's absence, 
and ended with her mother's death in an auto- 
mobile accident. After that fateful morning, 
Margaret never saw her mother again. 

The book follows Margaret as she grows 
up, acting as her father's housekeeper, friend, 
and confidant. She fits into the local commu- 
nity, participating in the life of her father's 
little parish with a mixture of reverence and 
bemusement. She reflects on the peculiarities 
of the life of the minister: 

"It was curious, this business of 
being rector. You were the star, 
nobody but you could wear the gor- 
geous vestments or administer the 
sacraments or preach the sermon, 
but at the same time you were 
always having to ask permission and 
plead for your spending money like 
a little boy and worrying about caus- 
ing gossip or offending people.. .." 
Madelyn Farley, the woman with whom 
Margaret's mother went away, is a stage 
designer who later turns to putting on avant 
garde stage productions with quasi-religious 
(or anti-religious) themes. Margaret discovers 
that Hadelyn has been using material gath- 
ered from conversations with her mother and 
even her father. Shocked and dismayed, she 
makes frantic contact with Hadelyn with 
unpredictable results. 

Though much of the book portrays 
Margaret's life with her father, her relation- 
ship with her mother is a powerful underlying 
theme. Margaret's sense of abandonment at 
her mother's departure is followed by a peri- 
od of anger and resentment, so deep that she 
is unable to talk with her mother on the tele- 
phone. But gradually, as her own maturity 
develops, she is able to understand the mixed 
motives behind her mother's departure. She 
finally comes to realize how much she loves 
her mother and is able to mourn her death. 

In Margaret's descriptions of her town, its 
people, the church and its members, the 
author draws a convincing portrait of a south- 

em town in the late twentieth century. Her 
characters are sometimes eccentric, usually 
interesting, and always believable. 

Even more impressively, she has a sure 
eye for the vagaries of Episcopal church life. 
She treats the church with both humor and 
respect, but she has got it all just right. The 
language, the issues, the manners, the charac- 
ters — even the gossip) — are all on target. 
Father Melancholy himself, the breezy, 
extraverted priest from the "successful- 
parish, his younger colleague, who has been 
kicked around through life and has setded in 
as a pastoral counselor, the visiting bishop, 
son of an influential parishioner, thoughtful, 
and just a little pompous— they are all 
authentic specimens of contemporary 
Episcopal church life. 

But Godwin does not confine herself to 
recording the externals of church life. She 
allows Margaret to engage in theological 
speculation (how does God see us in our 
wholeness? she asks), while cutting up the 
broccoli for dinner. She gives us Father 
Melancholy's Palm Sunday sermon almost in 
its entirety and a fine sermon it is. Clergy will 
be stealing from it for years to come. 

Paul Tillich once observed that there is a 
great deal of difference between a work of art 
that has religion as its subject matter and one 
that is truly religious in style and feeling. And 
it is rare work of art, indeed, that manages to 
express both. In an age when religion seems 
to manyto be merely a curious survival, when 
churches seem caught up in a round of mind- 
less activity, a book which takes spiritual 
issues seriously may appear to be inaccessible 
to most readers. But Ms. Godwin has man- 
aged to raise those issues to a level of univer- 
sality in this story of love, jealousy, disap- 
pointed expectations, and flawed human 
beings struggling to make sense of their lives. 

Beautifully written, thoughtful, comic, and 
more than a little sad, Father Melancholy's 
Daughter displays the working of faith, of 
love, and grace in the setting of a very ordi- 
nary place among some not-so-ordinary peo- 

ple. It serves as a convincing model for the 
spiritual quest of the contemporary pilgrim. 

Earl H. Brill 

Asked at the church door 

What's wrong with Morning Prayer? 

Why is the church pushing to have 
Communion every week? What's wrong 
with Morning Prayer? 

Morning Prayer is a wonderful, daily 
office. Unfortunately most churches have 
never offered it daily, only weekly, on 
Sunday. While every Episcopalian can pray 
the daily offices alone, or in small groups, 
few avail themselves of this opportunity. 

In the early days of the Christian church 
people gathered for daily prayers at sunrise 
and sundown. On the first day of the week, 
the Lord's day, they gathered to remember 
the resurrection, their baptisms, creation, the 
gift of the Holy Spirit, all the elements which 
reflect God's grace in lesus Christ. They did 
this by celebrating the Holy Eucharist each 
week, in the context of which they remem- 

bered how much God had given them. Not 
incidentally, the Sacrament also gave them 
spiritual sustenance for the week ahead. 

When the Book of Common Prayer was 
first used, in 1549, it clearly assumed that the 
Communion service would be weekly. The 
1552 revision made this even more clear. All 
subsequent editions, in various ways, stressed 
the weekly Sacrament of Holy Communion. 
Yet many American churches went away 
from this sacramental discipline. In North 
Carolina, Episcopal congregations were 
undoubtedly influenced by the examples of 
neighboring Presbyterian, Baptist, and other 
protestant groups who offered Communion 
infrequently, often only four times a year. 

Until 1892 the rubrics assumed the whole 
service of Morning Prayer preceded the 

Sacrament of the Lord's Supper (as it was 
often called then). That requirement, when 
properly carried out, led to long services. 
When the 1892 American revision was com- 
piled, it allowed Morning Prayer and the 
Eucharist to be offered separately. The inten- 
tion: just celebrate the Sacrament on the 
Lord's Day. The reality: just read Morning 
Prayer on Sunday, at least half the time. 

Morning Prayer is a fine service, for every 
morning. It is not a fitting substitute for the 
Holy Eucharist on Sunday. Morning Prayer 
was an insufficient celebration of the Lord's 
Day for Martin Luther, Thomas Cranmer, and 
most of the other protestant reformers. At the 
very least the Sacrament should be available 
in every church every Sunday. This is the 
Christian tradition from earliest days. 

MAY 199 1 


Prolife reader faults 
Convention coverage 

When I read the article on the past Diocesan 
Convention in March, 1991 edition of The 
Communicant, I was astonished by what was 
not mentioned as well as by what was writ- 
ten. The article overemphasized the signifi- 
cance of the "anti-war" protest and then total- 
ly ignored some very significant resolutions 
dealing with adolescent pregnancy and abor- 

For those readers that were not there, 
NOEL (National Organization of 
Episcopalians for Life) sponsored three reso- 
lutions intended to reduce the incidence of 
adolescent pregnancies. Two of those resolu- 
tions passed in amended form — "For 
Alternative to Abortion" and "On Providing a 
Diocesan Sex Education Program." Neither 
resolution was mentioned in The 

On the third NOEL resolution, The 
Communicant incorrectly reported that it was 
"tabled." The astounding truth is that the 
Committee on Social Concerns "unanimously 
rejected" the third resolution which called for 
support for legislation requiring parental con- 
sent for abortion. This action by that commit- 
tee meant that the delegates did not get to 
consider a resolution that public polls indicate 
close to 80 percent of North Carolina resi- 
dents favor. 

It is pure opinion as to which resolution 
was "most hotly debated," but it was pure 
fantasy by the editor to completely ignore a 
very significant and lengthy debate on 
Saturday over the resolution by Charlotte 
NOEL to provide an abstinence-based 
Diocesan Sex Education Program. What was 
significant and very clear in that debate was 
how the movement to ordain avowed homo- 

sexuals directly conflicts with family values. 
While research indicated that abstinence is 
the most effective method for reducing sexual 
activeness, pregnancy, disease and abortion 
among adolescents, NOEL's clear resolution 
for an adolescent sex education program 
"emphasizing the Biblical norm of sexual 
abstinence outside of marriage," was "amend- 
ed" arbitrarily by the Faith and Morals 
Committee to substitute a long rambling 
statement about "monogamous" relationships 
instead of "marriage." Why? NOEL had 
unwittingly come into conflict with the 
homosexual agenda in this Diocese when it 
asked for a clear teaching of abstinence 
before marriage. This teaching would not 
condone homosexual unions or the ordination 
of avowed homosexuals. In short, the best 
interests of our children had to be sacrificed 
for the sake of "inclusiveness"! 

Thankfully, during the course of events, 
"monogamous" was removed and a compro- 
mised, somewhat vague version was passed. 
Those of us in the Prolife movement have 
grown accustomed to biased reporting in the 
secular press on the Prolife issues and we 
have endured the deafening silence by our 
Episcopal "leaders" who would like to pre- 
tend that abortion is not a profound moral 
aberration costing millions of lifes a year, but 
it is sad that The Communicant has apparent- 
ly also followed suite: The secular media pat- 
tern of emphasizing Prolife setbacks and 
ignoring positive Prolife actions was fol- 
lowed precisely in the lead article on the 
Convention. I grant you that the overall 
results at Convention were disappointing and 
alarming for us in NOEL but not insignifi- 
cant. The issue of the Sanctity of Life was 
heard several times on the floor. I believe that 
many more delegates left that convention 
concerned about the issue and aware of 

Clergy changes and moves 

The Rev. F. Neff Powell, formerly 
archdeacon of this diocese, has been hired as 
assistant to the bishop, Diocese of Oregon, 
effective June 1 . 

The Rev. Jerry W. Fisher's status has 
changed from interim rector, St. Timothy's, 
Wilson, to non-parochial, effective April 30. 

The new rector of St. Timothy's, Wilson, 
is the Rev. Philip R. Byrum, effective May 1. 
He has been serving as rector of Christ 
Church, Albemarle, for a number of years. 

In Southern Pines, status of the Rev. 
Samuel C. Walker has changed from rector, 
Emmanuel Church, to non-parochial, effec- 
tive May 1. 

Coming from the Diocese of Western 
North Carolina, the Rev. Brian Suntken will 
serve as assistant to the rector, Christ Church, 
Charlotte, effective May 1. 

The Rev. Nelson B. Hodgkins, whose sta- 
tus has been non-parochial, is now serving as 
interim rector at St. Anne's, Winston-Salem, 
effective April 1 . 

The Rev. John Kenneth Gibson was 
ordained as a transitional deacon on 
November 10, 1990, and assigned to St. 
Paul's, Cary, effective February 1. 

New deacon at Church of the Nativity, 

Raleigh, effective March 1 is the Rev. 
Charles L. Oglesby, who was previously 
serving at St. Mark's, Raleigh. 

The Rev. Richard H. Callaway, who has 
been serving as vicar at Church of the 
Nativity, Raleigh, has been transferred to 
non-parochial status effective March 1. 

Status of the Rev. Keith J. Reeve of 
Raleigh was changed from non-parochial to 
retired effective July 1, 1990. 

Diocesan House staff notes 

Mary Catherine Sox, art director of The 
Communicant since 1986, has resigned to 
take a job as graphic design coordinator for 
North Carolina Biotechnological Center in 
the Research Triangle Park. 

Chris Agosta has been hired as secretary 
to the Director of Christian Social Ministries 
and for The Communicant. 

NOEL than before and that our efforts will 
bear fruit in the times ahead! 

Also, people in the pews are not generally 
aware how entrenched and high up is the elite 
movement to ordain homosexuals in this 
Diocese and National Church but it will be 
before another convention this summer — The 
Episcopal National Convention — and may 
well be adopted there! This movement is a 
threat to our families and our church! 
Somehow we must spread the word and 
become more active in opposing those in con- 
trol or lose this wonderful Episcopal form of 
worship as a valid expression of Christianity! 

George Rose 
Chairman, Charlotte NOEL 

Editor's Note: The editor regrets that his 
summary account of Convention proceedings 
did not contain a description of debate on the 
resolutions mentioned above, as well as sev- 
eral others that would have been of interest to 
Communicant readers. 

Reader urges participation 
instead of publicity 

It is amazing how much publicity the Rev. . 
Jim Lewis and the rest of his gang have 
received in the last six months. I read the 
recent story in the News and Observer about 
his group's significant contribution to the Red 
Cross. According to the story they sent $50 
to "help countries affected by the war." I 
wonder how many countries benefitted from 
this generous endowment. If he really wanted 
to help Iraq and other countries he should 
have sent at least $25,000 to one group and 
then a story might be -ustified. 

Mr. Lewis stated that it has been painful 
to watch Baghdad being destroyed and fur- 
ther that we should help rebuild it. I suggest 
he contact their leader, Saddam Hussein, who 
is a billionaire and ask him to contribute to 
his group. Surely it was an equally painful 
experience for Hussein. 

If Mr. Lewis and his gang really want to 
help, they should raise the money themselves 
and take a group over there to help restore 
Baghdad to the first class city it was before 
we Americans destroyed it. 

I suggest Mr. Lewis and others get off the 
front page and onto the front line helping 
these people restore their country. Sending 
$250 over there does not show a real commit- 
ment to the cause and is indeed an insult to 
the Iraqi people. 

James Broughton 
Christ Church, Raleigh 

Editor's Note; See story on page 6 regard- 
ing "Our Gang's" contributions to Kurdish 

School seeks new head 

Episcopal Day School in Southern Pines, which offers instruction to children in pre- 
Kindergarten through third grade, is seeking a man or woman for its new headmaster or head- 

Preference will be given to an applicant with a minimum of 18 graduate hours in school admin- 
istration plus classroom teaching and administrative experience. Interested persons should send a 
current resume and letter of application by June 15, 1991, to Episcopal Day School Search 
Committee, c/o P.O. Box 1655, Southern Pines, N.C. 28388. 

"New World Order" 

(Continued from page 6) 

New World Order does not have a place for 
justice, although it puts on the cloak of legiti- 
macy. The five permanent members of the 
United Nations Security Council dictate to 
the world. It is scary but not hopeless — par- 
ticularly for people of faith who dare to 

Kattub said that the Palestinian question 
is a very good barometer for the way things 
are going. "It lends itself to treatment accord- 
ing to ethics, morality, international law, and 
United Nations resolutions rather than brute 
force," he said. The Palestinian people since 
the beginning of the Intifada uprising have 
tried to work peacefully, he argued. "We 
have made concessions. We are willing to 
accept relative justice, a pragmatic solution. 
This was not easy, to persist in this path of 
largely non-violent activity. Israeli Premier 
Rabin wants a violent Palestinian population 
so he can move in and wipe us out. Just so, 
the U.S. needed the excuse of a violent Iraq. 
They need for that situation to stay in flux, 
and for that reason want Saddam Hussein's 
regime to stay in place." 

The United States and Israel have fol- 
lowed a path based on overwhelming mili- 
tary power and oppression, and are not will- 
ing to face public scrutiny, he charged. 

"Consistency" — that is an important word 
in fighting the New World Order, he said, 
because the New World Order says that it 
supports human rights. "Perhaps 'linkage' of 
the Gulf War and the Palestinian question is 
not necessary," he noted. "But we want the 
same standard applied to Israel as was 
applied to Iraq. I don't want the Iraqis to 
have nuclear, chemical, and biological 
weapons— but I don't want the Israelis to 
have them either. I'm glad President Bush 
has discovered Amnesty International, but he 
needs to read all the reports." 

"I don't think the New World Order is 
going to have much smooth sailing in the 
Middle East," said Kattub. "There will be a 
lot of movement— like a rocking chair— but 
little forward progress. I do expect that there 
will be much suffering and that it will not be 
limited to the Palestinians." 

"At its very roots, support of Palestinian 
self-determination is a humanitarian position. 
This war shows how inadequate a military 
solution is," he said. 

"Will Israel and the United States choose; 
life, that we may all live?" he mused. 

E. T. Malone Jr., editor of The 
Communicant, served in the U.S. Army 
Signal Corps in Europe during the 1967 
Arab-Israeli War. 



Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends, 

Under our present system of publication this 
will be the last issue of The Communicant 
before the General Convention in Phoenix, 
Arizona, July 11-20, 1991. 

The major issues which seem to be evolv- 
ing following an early issue of whether to go 
or not (due to Arizona's refusal to establish 
an official holiday in memory of Dr. Martin 
Luther King Jr.), are in the areas of sexuality, . 
liturgy, and the environment. Specific legisla- 
tion comes to Deputies and Bishops in book 
form in May, but the reports from the 
Commission on Human Affairs, Standing 
Liturgical Commission, and others are begin- 
ning to surface. 

There will be discussion about providing 
services for same-sex unions. There will cer- 
tainly be discussion about ordaining practic- 
ing gay and lesbian men and women and 
inclusive language liturgies. A great deal of 
interest will center on environmental con- 
cerns, and the Triennial of the Women of the 
Church have that as their theme. Racism will 
be an issue and concerns of Native 
Americans (Navaholand will be co-hosts with 
the Diocese of Arizona) will be expressed. 

Bishop Williams and I will sit in the 
House of Bishops (retired bishops are also 
voting member at this Convention), and Scott 
Evans, Joseph B. Cheshire, Jr.. Anne 
Tomlinson, and Cecil Patterson are our Lay 
Deputies. Robert Sessum, Dudley Colhoun, 
Janet Watrus and Ken Henry will our Clergy 

Deputies. Elsewhere in this issue you will see 
their addresses so you can write them if you 

As for my "position" on the issues, I feel 
that a great deal will depend on our debate, 
our prayers, and the guidance of the Holy 
Spirit. Sometimes it is hard to discern the 
Spirit in such a gathering, but it is my hope 

that what we do will reflect that Spirit and 
will be pleasing in God's sight. 

For the past two General Conventions I 
have voted with the ma~ority of bishops in an 
effort to place the responsibility for present- 
ing persons for ordination where it is now, in 
the hands of each diocesan bishop, 
Commission on Ministry, and Standing 
Committee. I would, as I have always done as 
a bishop, expect those who gualify to live 
lives as -wholesome examples" to their peo- 
ple. I favor the continuation, on a controlled 
basis, of the Supplemental Liturgie-, and I 
believe we should take every ~tep possible to 
protect our environment. These are the issues 
around which legislation will be presented 
and, of course, there will be other areas too. 
At this point we do not know what that will 

I will be presenting some "housekeeping" 
resolutions from the National Board of 
Theological Education and from the 
Commission on Health. The latter commis- 
sion is concerned about all sorts of medical 
ethics as well as alcohol and drug abuse. 

It should be hot in more ways than one in 
Phoenix, and I hope you will keep us in your 
thought and prayers during those days in July. 

Faithfully yours, 
Robert W. Estill 

Bishop's visitation schedule 

May I 9 

All Saints', Concord 9:00 & 11:00 a.m. 

May 26 

Holy Trinity, Greensboro 10:00 a.m. 

Holy Comforter, Burlington 4:00 p.m. 

June 2 

Christ Church, Charlotte 8:45 & 11:15 a.m. 

St. Christopher's, Charlotte 3:00 p.m. 

June 9 

Christ Church, Albemarle 10:00 a.m. 
St. Paul's, Monroe 3:00 p.m. 

June 16 

St. Cyprian's, Oxford 9:15 a.m. 
St. Stephen's, Oxford 1 1 :00 a.m. 
The Saviour, Jackson 4:00 p.m. 

June 23 

Good Shepherd, Rocky Mount 10:30 a.m. 
Epiphany, Rocky Mount 3:00 p.m. 
St. Michael's, Tarboro 5:00 p.m. 

June 30 

St. Andrew's & St. Philip's, Durham 

11:00 a.m. 
St. Luke's, Eden 3:00 p.m. 


St. Luke's, Yanceyville 9:00 a.m. 

St. Mark's, Roxboro 1 1:00 a.m. 

Suffragan Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends, 

As I write this I am looking forward to this 
Sunday when I complete my first year as your 
Suffragan Bishop. I think that the end of 
April will always be a special time for me 
and Mary. It has been quite a year, of learn- 
ing and of personal growth. 

One of the particularly interesting pieces 
of my ministry has to do with getting to know 
people who are in the process leading to ordi- 
nation. Between now and the end of June, I 
will have ordained one person to the 
Priesthood, one as a Vocational Deacon and 
two others Transitional Deacons who will 
become Priests a year from now. So far the 
new priest has been in the process for five 
years, the others for four years - a long time. 


This process began when each was accept- 
ed by the Bishop, on recommendation of their 
rectors and vestries and also of the 
Commission on Ministry as INTERNS. 
Those of you who have had an Intern 
assigned to your congregation for a year 
already know of the value of having an Intern 
in your midst. What you may not know is the 
value for the Intern. 

The purpose of spending a year as an 
Intern is to help her to discern and become 
more confident of the vocation to which he is 

being called: as a lay person, a vocational 
deacon or a priest. For twelve and a half 
unpaid hours a week, in a congregation dif- 
ferent from one's own, and functioning under 
supervision, the Intern is given exposure to 
leadership in many facets of congregational 
life. The Intern can begin to see how fitting 
becoming a priest or a deacon or a committed 
lay person may actually be, and before taking 
the next step to prepare for and develop that 
calling, with the encouragement of those who 
have observed the internship. 

There is a lot of evaluation along the way. 
My role is to be pastor to the Interns each 

year. My contribution is as a support person 
with no evaluative role. 

This year's crop of Interns is ready to take 
that next step. Two of them will spend the 
next three years in the Deacon's Training 
Program, and four others will go on to semi- 
nary. It has been a valuable year for them, 
and they are ready to make these substantial 
investments of their resources and energies 
that will hopefully lead to their ordinations. 

A new group of seven Interns is about to 
begin, scattered about in locations where they 
will function under their supervisors, making 
friends with those they'll be learning to serve 
in particular ways and becoming more certain 
of the shape of the discipleship God is calling 
them into as ministers of His church. 

They are good and promising people and 
worthy of our prayers. 

Faithfully yours, 
Huntington Williams 

Suffragan Bishop's visitation schedule 

May 19 

St. John's, Charlotte 9:00 & 1 1 : 1 5 a.m. 

St. Martin's, Charlotte 4:00 p.m. 

May 26 

St. Anna's, Littleton 9:00 a.m. 

St. Alban's, Littleton 11:00 a.m. 

June 2 

St. Andrew's, Haw River 10:00 a.m. 

St. Thomas, Sanford 3:00 p.m. 

June 9 

St. Barnabas, Greensboro 10:00 a.m. 

St. Elizabeth's, King 3:00 p.m. 

June 1 6 

St. Stephen's, Winston-Salem 1 1:00 a.m. 

St. Matthew's, Kernersbille 3:00 p.m. 

June 23 

St. Michael & All Angels, Charlotte . 

11:00 a.m.. 
All Saints, Charlotte 3:00 p.m. 

MAY 1991 

1 1 


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Vol. 82, No. 4 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

July/August 1991 

Report from General Convention deputies 

Anglican spirit of compromise prevails 

Epistle from the Phoenicians to the 
Episcopalians in North Carolina: 

Greeting! Your General Convention 
deputies have returned from Phoenix 
with this preliminary report. We look 
forward to the possibility of area meet- 
ings around the diocese when we can 
report more fully. We certainly appreci- 
ate the effort so many of you made to 
correspond with us. 

We report Convention action in five 
legislative areas: racism, environment, 
human sexuality, inclusive language, and 

RACISM was one of the major 
themes of the entire convention, and we 
had an opportunity to clarify our own 
attitudes through a special exercise pre- 
pared especially for the Convention. 
Two resolutions addressed this issue. 
The first declares that racism is a sin 
which specifically violates our Baptismal 
Covenant. The second identifies specific 
areas of church life which need to be 
evaluated to ensure inclusivity. 

ENVIRONMENT was a second 
major area of concern and also commit- 
ment, as we recycled paper, aluminum, 
newspaper, etc. every day. Scott Evans 
had her hands full as chair of the conven- 
tion Committee on World Mission, but 
we consulted her when it came time to 
vote on environmental resolutions, one 
of which she had submitted. The main 
resolution, which presented both a theo- 
logical understanding for the church's 
response to the environment and a com- 
prehensive plan for our stewardship of 

the earth, passed handily. A budget item 
of $100,000 per annum was earmarked 
for the next triennium. 

Of the many resolutions concerning 
HUMAN SEXUALITY, we bring to 
your attention Resolution A 104 substi- 
tute, as amended. This is the resolution 
substituted by the House of Bishops for 
the original by Bishop Hunt. It was then 
amended by the House of Deputies. We 
feel it is best if you have the text of the 
first Resolved: 

Resolved, the House of 

concurring, that this 70th General 
Convention affirms that the teaching of 
the Episcopal Church is that physical 
sexual expression is appropriate only 
within the life-long, monogamous "union 
of husband and wife in heart, body and 
mind.. .intended by God for their mutual 
joy; for the help and comfort given one 
another in prosperity and adversity; and, 
when it is God's will, for the procreation 
of children and their nurture in the 
knowledge and love of the Lord;" as it is 
set forth in the Book of Common Prayer. 

Further resolved clauses go on to 
identify the problem between "this teach- 
ing and the experience of many members 
of this body" and to suggest ways to 
keep working on reconciling teaching 
and practice: through General 
Convention deputies and their bishops 
continuing dialogue within their dioce- 
ses, and directing the House of Bishops 
to prepare a Pastoral Teaching using the 
results of the previously mentioned 
diocesan dialogues and experts in theolo- 

"Lift high the cards," a parody of the favorite hymn by the Diocese of 
Mississippi delegation, became a regular "anthem" for General 
Convention deputies. Voting here are North Carolina representatives the 
Rev. Bob Sessum, the Rev. Dudley Colhoun, and second row, Joseph 
Cheshire, Anne Tomlinson, and Cecil Patterson. 

gy, ethics, and human sexuality. This 
resolution passed overwhelmingly 
among both clergy and lay deputies. 

Inclusive language was dealt with in 
terms of specific SUPPLEMENTAL 
TEXTS which were devised after feed- 
back to Prayer Book Studies #30, which 
were complete services using inclusive 
language. The Standing Liturgical 
Commission responded to the voice of 
the Church which clearly rejected entire- 
ly new services, and instead brought to 
the Convention supplemental texts, that 

Estill's sabbatical: rest, travel 

The word "Sabbatical" belongs to our 
J udaeo-Chrisiian heritage, not to the 
academic world. It means "resL" Our 
diocesan policy calls for three months 
Sabbatical after five years of service, 
and I am pleased to see many of our 
churches following this for their clergy 
and lay employees. 

Joyce and I will be enjoying a 
Sabbatical this year during the months 
of September, October, and November. 
Because these are busy months for the 
Diocese, I have asked the Standing 
Committee to designate Bishop 
Williams as the Ecclesiastical authority 
during my absence. 

As with our first Sabbatical in 1986, 

we plan to travel abroad and to spend 
some time in this country, at Morehead 
and with our children in Texas and 
California. 1 will be reading theology at 
St. Deniel's Library in Wales and we 
will also have a visit with our friends 
Hester Gregory and John Kirkham in his 
Diocese of Salisbury. In addition to 
that, we will be in Spain and Portugal as 
first-time visitors, and lam looking for- 
ward to seeing the ancient town of 
Salamanca with the oldest university in 
the world. We will finish our trip with a 
visit to the beaches of Normandy and 
Dunkirk, where so many have their lives 
in World War II, and which Joyce is 
particularly interested in seeing. The 

only "work" I will be doing will be dur- 
ing the week of November 1 1th when I 
will be in New York attending the 
Council of Advice meeting with our 
Presiding Bishop. I serve on that 
Council by virtue of being President of 
the Fourth Province of the Church. 

We are, of course, looking forward to 
this time. This is the twelfth year of my 
episcopate and as with all clergy, I need 
time to "take in" as well as to "give 
out." Joyce and I are most grateful to 
the diocese and will be writing more in 
the next issue in The Communicant 
about it. 

—The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill 
Bishop of North Carolina 

is, specific parts of the services of Holy 
Eucharist, Morning and Evening Prayer, 
which may be used to supplement exist- 
ing Rite 2 services in the Prayer Book. 
These will be available for congrega- 
tional use under the bishop's direction. 
The Liturgical Commission was directed 
to keep working on this issue and to 
report back to the 72st General 

Both Houses passed a resolution reit- 
erating the Church's stand on ABOR- 
TION which was passed at the last 
General Convention. 

Several items are of specific interest 
to us here. Dr. Prezell Robinson, 
President of St. Augustine's College, 
was recognized for beginning his 25th 
year as a trustee of The Church Pension 
Fund. A resolution concerning Saint 
Mary's College saluted the college on 
the occasion of its 150th year. 

Professional lay workers in the 
Episcopal Church were granted a new 
benefit through a resolution which 
requires pension coverage for those who 
work a minimum of 1000 hours per 
year. Every parish was encouraged to 
provide medical and dental insurance. 

The Church's commitment to low- 
cost housing was addressed in two reso- 
lutions, one of which established a 
National Episcopal Housing 
Corporation. Several projects in our 

(Continued on page 10) 

Around the diocese 

The Rev. Ernest R.M. Parker 

AARP honors Parker for 
Roxboro Area Work 

THE REV. Ernest R. M. Parker, 
vicar, St. Mark's, Roxboro, on 
May 21 received a 1991 National 
Community Service Award from Person 
County chapter 1969 of the American 
Association of Retired Persons (AARP). 

The award was presented by Roxboro 
mayor Don Waldo and AARP chapter 
president Lib Paylor. 

The Rev. Mr. Parker, who entered the 
Episcopal ministry after retiring from his 
secular job, is active in a variety of 
causes and organizations in and around 
Roxboro, including hospital, prison, and 
senior citizens chaplaincies, Meals on 
Wheels, a family violence prevention 
group, Kiwanis Club, the Person County 
Ministerial Association, AARP, Cancer 
Support Group, Alcoholics Anonymous, 
Narcotics Anonymous, Hospice, and the 
local Lions Club eyeglass collection 

Also valuable to the community has 
been his service on a pastoral counseling 
group for students at Piedmont Commu- 
nity College. The presenters cited 
Parker's willingness to visit persons 
other than members of his parish at 
area hospitals. 

Christ Church, Charlotte, 
Compiling "Narrative" 

THIS FALL, Christ Church, 
Charlotte, will publish the final 
draft of its special "Narrative 
Budget," which undertakes to describe 
the mission of the parish in terms of the 
work of its many committees and to 
place a value on both volunteer time 
expended and use of facilities. 

According to parish stewardship 
commission chairman James Y. Preston, 
"We have known or suspected for some 
time that only a small fraction of the 
resources which we make available to 
God is reflected in our financial budget." 

Several hundred parishioners have 
worked, writing reports for the parish's 
more than 120 committees and 
organizations, arranging the budget 
according to the S-W-E-E-P-S (Service, 
Worship, Education, Evangelism, 
Pastoral Care, and Stewardship) model 
of Christian ministry. 

The committees have developed 
statements of purpose and information 
regarding how they are accomplished, 
how many hours are devoted annually to 
their work, estimates of the market value 
of those hours, and how much space they 
utilize in the church facilities. 

"I promise you a Narrative Budget 
that is an exciting distillation of the 
torrent of mission activity in and through 
Christ Church," Preston wrote in a letter 
to the congregation published in Christ 
Church Report, the parish newsletter. 

ECU Campus Ministry 
Welcomes Episcopalians 

Ministry at East Carolina Univer- 
sity in Greenville is preparing to 
welcome new or returning students at the 
Episcopal Student Fellowship headquar- 
ters at St. Paul's Church, campus 
minister Marty Gartman reports. 

Beginning August 21, the Episcopal 
Student Fellowship will meet every 
Wednesday at 5:30 p.m. at St. Paul's, 
located at 401 E. 4th St., one block 
from the 5th Street campus. Meetings 
begin with Eucharist in the church, 
followed by a supper provided by 
parishioners. Programs and conversation 
follow supper. 

"The Episcopal Student Fellowship is 
a parish-based ministry that hopes to 
help students in their transition from 
home to campus in any way we can," 
said Mrs. Gartman. "All students are 
welcome to join with us weekly in 
this diverse, fun, and supportive Chris- 
tian community." 

Clergy are encouraged to send names 
and home and/or campus addresses of 
Episcopal students coming to East 
Carolina to: 

Mrs. Marty Gartman, 
Campus Minister 
St. Paul's Episcopal Church 
401 E. 4th Street 
Greenville, N.C. 27858 

N.C. Council sponsoring 
fall trip to middle east 

The north Carolina 
Council of Churches is sponsor 
ing a delegation that will visit 
Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip 
in November to observe the Palestinian- 
Israeli conflict firsthand. 

The delegation will have the opportu- 
nity to visit refugee camps and villages 
in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. In 
each locale, overviews of the history and 
current situation will be provided by host 
organizations and community leaders. 

Delegates will also have meetings 
with Israeli groups and individuals 
involved in peace and human 
rights work. 

Cost for the trip is approximately 
$2,000, and the delegation is limited to 
twenty persons. A two-day orientation 
retreat in September is required for all 
members of the delegation, which will be 
traveling November 3-16. 

Applications are available from the 
North Carolina Council of Churches, 
1307 Glenwood Ave., Suite 162, Raleigh, 
N.C. 27605-3256. 

Human Sexuality is Topic 
for Fall LARC 

ALL INTERESTED clergy and 
lay people are invited to the 
LARC (Lutheran, Anglican, 
Roman Catholic) Study Days conference 
to be held Tuesday and Wednesday, 
November 19-20, at Trinity Retreat 
Center, Salter Path, N.C. 

The program will center around three 
presentations on human sexuality by the 
Rev. Richard J. Niebanck, pastor of the 
Lutheran Church of the Redeemer, 
Maywood, New Jersey. 

Under the overall topic "Human 
Sexuality & Ecumenical Dialogue," the 
Rev. Mr. Niebanck will attempt to 
address three perspectives-first, 
"Our Common Biblical Heritage"; 
second, "Divergences 
in Teaching, Pastoral Care, & Public 
Policy"; and, third, "Human Sexuality & 
the Post-modern Ethos: Our Common 

Registration information will 
be available closer to the time of 
the conference. 

Evangelism workshop held 

THE CLERGY of the Rocky 
Mount Convocation, assisted by 
the Evangelism and Renewal 
Commisssion of theDiocese, sponsored 
an Evangelism Workshop at the Church 
of the Good Shepherd in Rocky Mount 
on June 1. 

Ten congregations were represented: 
St. Mark's, Halifax; Good Shepherd, 
Ridgeway; All Saints', Roanoke Rapids; 
Christ Church and Good Shepherd, 
Rocky Mount; Calvary, Tarboro; All 
Saints' and Emmanuel, Warrenton; and 
St. Timothy's, Wilson. 

The small group discussions, led by 
members of the Evangelism and Renewal 

Commission, were the heart of this 
gathering of 53 people. Topics included: 
new members (Ken Kroohs, St. Anne's, 
Winston-Salem); Christian service (Jon 
Hamm, Calvary, Tarboro); non-verbal 
communication (Jim Godfrey, St. 
Timothy's, Winston-Salem); witnessing 
(Tony Hodgens, 

St. Christopher's, Charlotte); and 
worship (the Rev. Tom Droppers, All 
Saints', Greensboro). 

News of Other Dioceses 

PERKINS HALL, which housed 
classrooms and administrative 
areas at Episcopal High School in 
BatonRouge, La., was gutted by fire on 
April 2, according to a report in 
Churchwork, newspaper of the Episcopal 
Diocese of Louisiana. 

A hostel for the homeless sponsored 
by Church of the Good Shepherd in 
Galax, Va., has won a reprieve from the 
Galax Planning Commission, which 
threatened to terminate the hostel's 
conditional use zoning permit. The 
Commission voted 5-2 to renew the 
permit for the Hostel of the Good 
Shepherd for a second year, just two 
weeks after voting 3-2 to withdraw the 
permit. Since February 1990, located in 
a house next to the church, the hostel had 
evoked complaints from neighbors who 
said residents were disruptive. 

1 h* r<,wmuuicaauUSP$ 3«* 

5s0i i* published bimonthly, in 
Janu^ May, July* 

September, and November, by the 

*■+ » * •»-».• _ . 

Carolina, 201 St. Albans Drive, 

s icjah nc : . ■■- 

P!k s;. i*e-- K.^rt W. hRttll 

Rt. Rev. Huntington Williams Jr. 

The Rev. E,T. Ma r. 

Non-diocesan subscriptions are 
$10.00. Sub-. e wel- 

come and are due on the lOth of 
the month for (he issue dated the 
following month. 

Please send letters and 
address changes to: The Commu- 
nicant, P.O. Box 17025, R . . 
NC 27619. 
Phone: (919) 787-6313. 

The Communicant is a 
member of the Associated Church 
Press and the Association ■-: 

tscopal Co; mu Jtors, 
Second-class postage \iid a! 
Raleigh. North Carolina, and at 
■. . iiuonal post offices. 


This & that, from all over 

The Rt Rev. Robert W. Estill on May 

16 completed a one-year term as 
president of the North Carolina Council 
of Churches. The group's House of 
Delegates, meeting in Raleigh, elected 
the Rev. Raymon Hunt, pastor of 
Rockwell A.M.E. Zion Church in 
Charlotte, as his successor. 

* * * 

Father George Kloster, pastor of St. 
Michael's Church in Gastonia, in the 
Roman Catholic Diocese of Charlotte, 
has been chosen to receive the 1991 
Distinguished Service Award from the 
North Carolina Council of Churches. Fr. 
Kloster, a native of Clayton, has served 
churches in Ahoskie, Greensboro, 
Boone, and Gastonia. 

* * * 

Calvary Church, Tarboro, proudly 
displays an elaborate fair linen with 
Richelieu cutwork and embroidered ends 
in a pomegranate motif, which was 
blessed on Whitsunday, the Day of 
Pentecost, and used for the first time. It 
is a gift from Archie R. Burnette in 
memory of Sally Allen and Lois 

At the beginning of the present 
session of Congress, of the 104 
members of the United States Senate, 
19 were Episcopalians and 20 were 
Roman Catholics. 

* * * 

The women of All Saints', Greens- 
boro, have had it with rummage sales! 
"Please no more donations for the 
basement!" they pled in the June issue of 
the parish newsletter. Declaring that 
1991 "was the last All Saints' Annual 
Rummage Sale," they issued a challenge 
to the men of the church, instead, to pick 
up and carry on the traditional event. 

* * * 

Ed Dewitt-Robson, senior warden of 
St. Anne's, Winston-Salem, was the 

real author of the quotation attributed to 
the parish's interim vicar Nelson 
Hodgkins in the last Communicant. 

New chalice bearers, to serve from 
July 1, 1991, until June 30, 1992, at 
Calvary Parish, Tarboro, are Lawson 
Anderson, Joe Andrews, Pete Long, 
and Jim Taylor. 

There continues to be a wide variety 

of practices across the Diocese concern- 
ing retention of Morning Prayer as a 
major service on Sunday mornings. 
Whereas some parishes with a more 
contemporary orientation have not had 
Morning Prayer on Sunday in years, at 
one parish in the eastern part of the 
Diocese 92 percent of respondents to a 
recent survey indicated that they did 
not prefer having the Holy Eucharist at 
every service. 

* * * 

CORRECTION: Please note 
that Trinity Episcopal School 
for the Ministry is located in 
Ambridge, Pennsylvania (not 
Ambler, as was reported in an 
Episcopal News Service story on 
page 5 of the last Communicant.) 

* * * 

Episcopal parishes from Henderson, 
Oxford, Roxboro, Louisburg, 
Warrenton, and Townsville held a 
joint Ascension Day service at 
7:30 p.m. on May 9 at historic St. John's 
Church, Williamsboro. 

* * * 

The Rev. I. Mayo Little Jr., rector of 
St. Luke's, Salisbury, will begin a three- 

Province IV planners at Kanuga 

Among the eight Diocese of North Carolina deputies to General Convention were, from left, the Rev. G. Kenneth 
G. Henry of Charlotte, Scott Evans of Durham, the Rev. Janet Watrous of Raleigh, and the Rev. Robert L. Sessum 
of Concord, here participating in a pre-convention planning session June 5-7 for Province IV deputies at the 
Episcopal Conference Center (Kanuga) near Hendersonville, N.C. 

month sabbatical on August 1. 

* * * 

The National Episcopal Coalition 
on Alcohol and Drugs is asking 
parishes around the nation to set aside 
November 17 as 1991 Alcohol-Drug 
Awareness Sunday. 

* * * 

The western Pacific republic of Papua 
New Guinea will issue three postage 
stamps on August 7 commemorating the 
100th anniversary of the Anglican 
Church in that former Australian 
territorial possession. 

* * * 

Mary Ann Kerr of St. Thomas', 
Reidsville, has accepted the position of 
president of the Reidsville Soup Kitchen 
Board of Directors for a year. 

The Rev. Henry Parsley, rector of 
Christ Church, Charlotte, is on 
sabbatical until mid-September in 
Oxford, England. 

* * * 

The Thompson Children's Home, 
P.O. Box 25129, Charlotte, N.C. 28229, 
provides a haven and a new start for 
numbers of children who have been 
abused. Your contribution in any 
amount is always welcomed and put to 
good use. 

* * * 

Bishop Williams officiated at the 
blessing of newly constructed facilities 
at St. Stephen's, Winston-Salem, on 
June 16. 

* * * 

Participating in the annual concert 
series at the National Cathedral in 
Washington this summer is a progressive 
bluegrass group called "Rendered 
Senseless," scheduled to perform shortly 
before the advent of General Conven- 

* * * 

New lay eucharistic minsters at St. 
Luke's, Durham, licensed effective July 
1 by Bishop Estill are John Druesedow, 
Peggy Young, Julie Hege, and Bill 

* * * 

The American Cancer Society, 

North Carolina Division, wants to start a 
support program for men with prostate 
cancer in North Carolina. Needed are 
men who have been treated for prostate 
cancer and who have been in remission 
for at least one year. The Society is 
seeking people who have experienced 
the trauma and emotional side effects of 
the diagnosis and who can relate to the 
needs of others. For further information 
contact the Rev. Raleigh Carroll, 
coordinator, (919) 648-4598, or John 
Postiglione, 1-800-ACS-2345. 

(Continued on page 10) 

JULY 199 1 

Conference addresses AIDS housing problems 

"Shelter from the Storm" often elusive 

By Kathryn W. Martin 

What a strange title for a housing con- 
ference! When I first learned of the pro- 
posed conference sponsored, in part, by 
the Episcopal Diocesan AIDS 
Committee, I was delighted to know my 
church was taking proactive stances on 
such a critical issue. When I attended 
the conference, held in Raleigh, July 19- 
20, 1 was both impressed and challenged 
by the magnitude of the problem facing 
us as Episcopalians, as Americans, due 
to the HIV epidemic. 

Sponsored by the Episcopal Diocesan 
AIDS Committee and St. Mark's, 
Raleigh, a first-class conference on the 
issue of housing as impacted by HIV 
infection occurred to the edification of 
some ninety participants from all over 
the state, both Episcopalians and mem- 
bers of other denominations. The sup- 
port of several other churches — Christ 
Church, Raleigh; St. Paul's, Cary; the 
national Episcopal AIDS Coalition; the 
Small Parish Grant Program of the 
Episcopal Diocese; Church of the Good 
Shepherd, Raleigh; and Christ Church, 
Charlotte — showed me the broad inter- 
est in an issue very dear to my heart 
since my first friend died with AIDS in 
1986. I was proud to be both a partici- 
pant and to see the depth of the commit- 
ment of my church to caring for some of 
the "lepers" of the modern world. Many 
other agencies and individuals contribut- 
ed both time, talent, and money to pro- 
vide affordable information of top 

The conference opened with a panel 
of infected individuals covering the 
gamut of the illness and the range of 

housing issues. Two panelists were from 
rural North Carolina where support and 
housing were minimal. All exemplified 
the changing face of AIDS in the 1990's 
and were a powerful opening which kept 
us focused on the primary issues which 
had brought us there. They were fol- 
lowed by a well-known activitst in the 
AIDS community who talked about the 
national trends and resources available. 
The impact of his talk, for me as an 
AIDS nurse, was heightened by the 
headlines of that morning from the 
United States Senate requiring prison 
terms for health care workers who fail to 
disclose their HIV status to patients. 

Workshops followed which covered 
the entire gamut of housing needs for 
HIV-infected persons. We talked about 
case management of the AIDS patient, 
building AIDS care teams and buddy 
operations, homeless shelters with their 
myriad of problems, the special needs 
and problems of drug users in group 
home and shelter settings, what is 
involved in building specialized housing 
for HIV-infected people from the 
fundraising to neighborhood relations to 
quality of life issues. The issues of 
mothers and children were also 
addressed by the workshops, as well as 
minority services for clients. I was 
struck by the professional nature of the 
presentations and the number of offer- 
ings available made it difficult to choose, 
for I wanted to do it all. 

Several participants, many of whom 
were Episcopalians, commented about 
the conference. "If there is one recurring 
and urgent theme, it is the need to com- 
municate and coordinate all these various 
creative energies on a state-wide basis. I 
hope this will be the first step in that 

Paying close attention 

Conference participants listen to final plenary session by Lester Lee. 
From left are Cullen Gurganious (AIDS Service Agency for Wake County), 
Libby Guthrie (HIV Test Counselor from Southeastern N.C.). Tonia Mason 
(Christ Church, Raleigh), Brenda Youngblood (Western N.C. AIDS Project), 
and Louise Moye (Triad Health Project in Greensboro). 

direction," said the Rev. Driss 
Knickerbocker, interim priest at St. 
Peter's in Charlotte. Catherine B. 
"Kitty" Bowman, of Knollwood Baptist 
Church in Winston-Salem, said, 'To be 
able to sit down and talk with people 
with experience from our own state as we 
enter an implementation phase. Thank 
you and thank you and thank you." 
George Brown, R.N. from St Peter's in 
Charlotte, remarked, "It drove it home 
for me, with all my years of experience 
in AIDS work, when I realized one of the 
panelists was from my extremely small 
town in eastern North Carolina." 

Episcopal Church support 

Grace Bullen and John Barkley, con- 
ference coordinators, said, 'The partici- 
pants were impressed to see the amount 
of support provided by the Episcopal 
Church. We had financial support from 
the national church, diocesan, and parish 
levels and brought together people eager 
to share ideas and get support." Two 
AIDS caregivers, Sandy Hendrickson 
from Christ Church, Raleigh, and Brenda 
Youngblood, All Soul's, Asheville, both 
commented on the need to pull together, 
"We can't do it alone" and acknowl- 
edged that many AIDS patients had 
already been helped by transportation, 
money, buddies, food which had enabled 
people to stay in their homes. "My job 
would be much more difficult without 
the support of the Episcopal churches," 
stated Sandy. A presenter from San 
Francisco Catholic Charities said pub- 
licly she was awestruck by the level of 
commitment and huge case loads in 
North Carolina and what we were able to 
accomplish in different arenas. I echoed 
Sandy's sentiment that "It is important as 
an Episcopalian to realize that across the 
state, Episcopalians are leading the way 
in developing housing alternatives for 
people with AIDS." 

For those of us who have long worked 
in AIDS issues, this conference was 
"Shelter From the Storm" in finding peo- 
ple who care about this issue, especially 
people from our own churches. For the 
newer care provider, it was sustenance 
and encouragement from the stream of 
knowledge and expertise available both 
nationally and locally. Frederica Bishop, 
from Holy Family, Chapel Hill, mused 
"Being a volunteer with PLWA's (per- 
sons living with AIDS) is an excellent 
way to grow personally and emotionally 
and spiritually and to develop their indi- 
vidual gifts." 

I can attest to the great truth in 
Frederica' s statement and have seen the 
results of the caring and commitment of 
Episcopalians bring new hope and 

renewed spirituality to many of v my' 
people who had been disenfranchised by 
organized religion when they have seen 
the face of Christ in many areas of the 
Episcopal Church. At a time when many 
are facing death alone, what greater gift 
can we give as Christians? 

The hope for all of us on the Diocesan 
AIDS Committee may already be bear- 
ing fruit if Ann Koehler from St. Paul's, 

Lester Lee, keynote speaker 

Cary, is an example. "I find this useful 
to take back to our AIDS ministry com- 
mittee as we begin to look at ways we 
can serve and I want to share this experi- 
ence with our congregation. I was struck 
by the need for AIDS housing for all 
segments of society, including families 
with children. There are many children 
infected with HIV disease who need fos- 
ter parents." Kay Lindquist, also from 
St. Paul's, said she couldn't sleep as she 
focused on the moving experience she 
had seen and in what direction she need- 
ed to give her interest. 
Kathryn W. Martin of Winston-Salem is 
a member of the diocesan AIDS 

Editor's Note: For people interested in 
learning more about the Episcopal 
Church's work with AIDS, resources are 
available through the Diocesan AIDS 
Committee. There are speakers avail- 
able, and other projects in the future, 
including an AIDS spiritual retreat 
planned for October that needs, at least, 
prayer in addition to financial and trans- 
portation support. Last year two 
retreatants confirmed as Episcopalians, 
from this expression of love. What can 
we accomplish with more? Persons 
wishing to contribute to this work may 
send checks to Diocese/AIDS Retreat 
Fund, ATTN: The Rev. Jim Lewis, 
Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina, 
P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 27619. 


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Trinity Episcopal Cathedral, Phoenix, Arizona 

Taking it personally 

Triennial reflections 

EDITOR'S NOTE: Colleen Hartsoe was 
one of the Diocese of North Carolina's 
delegates to the national Episcopal 
Church Women's Triennial held in con- 
junction with the General Convention 
earlier this month in Phoenix, Arizona. 

By Colleen Hartsoe 

"A mind is like a parachute. It's no good 
unless it opens when you need it," com- 
mented Bishop Frederick Borsch, 
Diocese of Los Angeles, one of the three 
key-noters at Triennial. I think the main 
purpose of this meeting was to open 
minds. Did my mind open any? Let me 
consider the question. 

We were bombarded with messages 
about caring for the environment. One 
non-official pamphlet headlined 
"Yahweh or Mother Earth?" was handed 
out by a splinter group that apparently 
thinks we're in danger of worshiping the 
earth. Native-Americans brought vials 
of soil from various areas to place on the 

Triennial tapes available 

Bishop Barbara Harris preaching, July 
14, 1991. Bishop Harris uses the Bible 
story of Esther to illustrate the risk of 
radical action. Contact Carolyn Darst, 
Diocese of North Carolina ECW presi- 
dent, (919) 292-4008. 

"Racism. . .A Candid Conversation," 
July 18, 1991 (75 mins.). Six women of 
different racial backgrounds share their 
stories. Delegates' questions and com- 
ments follow. Said one reporter, ". . .two 
hours of honesty, pain, joy, expectation, 
hope, and grace." A grant from the 
Diocese of Oklahoma provided a copy 
for each deputation. Contact the Rev. 
Robert Sessum, All Saints, Concord. 

altar. Recycling bins were in full view. 
In 109 degrees of dry Arizona heat it 
wasn't hard to realize the importance of 

In all this, the stewardship concept 
that stirred my mind came from Bishop 
Borsch. He pointed out that our con- 
sumerism is rooted in greed which 
comes out of anxiety over the questions 
"Who am I?" Things are made too 
important. Competition among persons 
leads to competition among nations, and 
a resulting war is the worst thing that can 
happen to our environment. Then the 
bishop took the Triennial theme from 
Psalm 85 about mercy, truth, justice, and 
peace and noted that the psalmist said 
when we succeed in offering these rights 
to each other, then God's promise is that 
"our land will yield its increase." The 
threat is that we will not save our envi- 
ronment unless we save each other. 

'To seek God only in the comfortable 
and friendly or only in the beautiful or 
exotic is to limit God," said the Rev. 
Canon Nan Peete, keynoter from the 
Diocese of Atlanta. My first notion of 
seeking God involves the current trend 
of meditating, dreaming, and journaling. 
Here was someone saying you seek God 
in ruins of inner cities, in the poor, the 
ill, the abused. My mind moved a bit. 
But Canon Peete was not through. 
"Seek God in those systems and institu- 
tions that practice exclusivity by associ- 
ating with and therefore knowing only 
others like themselves." What listener 
was this directed to? Was she telling 
those who might feel rejected in my own 
church to go ahead and seek God in me? The irony stung my slightly 
ajar mind. 

The third keynoter, Dr. Fredrica 
Harris Thompsett, academic dean and 
professor of church history, Episcopal 
Divinity School, Cambridge, Mass., 

gave a lecture about sharing God. The 
opportunity my particular mind found to 
open a crack was her question, "Does my 
image of the Church encompass a radical 
appreciation of difference?" Said Dr. 
Thompsett, "Mere inclusion of difference 
is the shallowest kind of reform. ..given 
the vast diversity and particularity of 
God's creation, I have come to believe 
difference itself is the raw, powerful sub- 
stance which leads us to greater depth, 
understanding and wonder at God's 
expansive wisdom." She quoted M. 
Douglas Meeks, "Equality in the house- 
hold of God means radically different 
persons embrace and yet remain radically 
different." How often have I heard, 
"Don't emphasize our differences. It's 
what we have in common that counts." 
While this has some truth in it, I found 
myself thinking how hard we try to agree 
on issues. Why are we afraid that we 
cannot embrace the radically different 
and keep our own identity? I'm still 

At the Triennial Eucharist on Sunday 
the Rt. Rev. Barbara Harris, Suffragan 
Bishop of the Diocese of Massachusetts, 
was the preacher. "The chastisement and 
the challenge I offer have to do with the 
organized efforts of church women and 
the much heralded emerging leadership 
role of women in the church. Frequently 
church women want to exercise a leader- 
ship role by helping, and most often 
through philanthropy. We need to check 
out the help that we offer. Some of the 
traditional activities must continue but 
we must keep abreast of the truth of our 
times and the reality under which we 
labor." Bishop Harris also said, "I 
believe women must get into right rela- 
tionship with each other, leam to be sup- 
portive of each other." She suggested we 
pray to be freed from our collective fear, 
from "the fear that we have to go along 

to get along." 

The door to my mind felt a crack com- 
ing and it had to do with UTO (United 
Thank Offering) grants. Those were 
much on our agenda at Triennial because 
we reviewed all that the UTO Committee 
had recommended for funding. One 
young woman from a diocese in Texas 
had pleaded for a motion to pass which 
would require the Committee to give 
granting preference to programs benefit- 
ing women and children. The vote 
wasn't even close; it did not pass. In 

To see God only in the com- 
fortable and friendly 
or only in the beautiful 
or exotic is to limit God. 

light of Bishop Harris' sermon I find 
myself still asking "Why didn't it?" and 
"Should it have?" 

At the ceremonial opening of the 
meeting the speaker was Marge Burke, 
outgoing president of the National ECW. 
She said, "We who have been baptized 
into the life, death and resurrection of 
Christ crucified are called to respond to 
the cries of our hurting world, the cries of 
the oppressed. With our baptism comes 
some responsibilities when we are named 
before God and sealed with the sign of 
the cross, marking us as Christ's own for- 
ever." I saw for the first time that cross 
marked on my forehead. My mind 
played on an idea: how would it be if 
those crosses were indeed visible to all 
who observed us? No doubt the novelty 
would wear off, but for a few days we'd 
field some interesting questions. 

Colleen Hartsoe, a parishioner at St. 
Mary's, High Point, is editor of 
Patchwork, the diocesan Episcopal 
Church Women newsletter. 

An Open Letter to the Presiding Bishop 

On behalf of our many supporters, we want to say that we deeply appreciate the 
opportunity to participate in the life of the Church here at the 70th General 
Convention. We have gained a deeper sense of respect for the comprehensive nature 
of our Church. The devotion and dedication of many faithful Episcopalians has been 
in evidence here. 

We now more clearly see the deep divisions within our church. The divisions are 
real and will be with us for a long time. We continue to pray for unity and common 

We have gained a greater sense of the complexity of your office. We apologize if, 
in our zeal for the traditional heritage of the church, we have, sometimes in the past, 
not seemed to honor and appreciate your ministry. 

We leave this Convention committed to a new beginning. Recognizing the dys- 
function and pain now inherent in the Church's communal life, we are determined to 
work within the broad framework of our Church to help restore a sense of unity and 
balance to the exercise of our faith while continuing to bear witness to Christ Jesus. 

Faithfully yours in Christ, 

The Rev. Wesley T. Nelson 

Chairman of the Board 

Episcopalians United 


Planning study will put the diocese on the map 

By Judy Lane 

They're not charting latitudes and 
longitudes or mapping hills and valleys, 
but two modern-day geographers are 
now traveling the roads of North 
Carolina to sketch a portrait of us, the 
people of this diocese. 

Every one of us will be in the picture 
as Dr. Alfred W. Stuart and Dr. Gerald 
L. Ingalls, professors of geography at the 
University of North Carolina at Char- 
lotte, survey Episcopalians this summer 
and fall to find out who we are, how we 
behave, what our concerns are -and to 
show how our patterns of living and 
thinking relate to the church. 

We are already part of the picture. 
The first phase of the survey, an over- 
view prepared by Stuart called "Eco- 
nomic, Population, and Membership 
Trends in the Episcopal Diocese of 
North Carolina," has been submitted to 
the long-range planning committee that 
is commissioning this study. The 
overview gives statistics about where we 
live, our ages, economic status, and 
employment. It also tells where the 

Alfred W. Stuart 

different areas of the diocese, and spend 
two hours with each group listening to 
them talk about what is on their minds: 
how they see the diocese, what it's doing 
right or wrong, what expectations and 
concerns they have about the church. 

From the results of these focus 
groups, Stuart and Ingalls will develop a 
written questionnaire, with input from 
the long-range planning committee, that 

outdated perceptions... are strongest when 
we don't realize we have them 

Episcopal churches we attend are 
located, and how large they are. One 
discovery has been that 95% of the 
growth in Episcopal memberships in 
1989 occurred in the 1 1 churches that 
already have 500 members or more. As 
Stuart says, "That may not be good news 
for a lot of people, but it is the truth, and 
it points up the growth opportunity for 
the church." 

This summer Stuart's colleague, Jerry 
Ingalls, an expert on survey techniques, 
will meet with four groups of eight to 
ten people randomly selected from 

will be given out in each local church 
sometime in September. Every one 
of us will be asked to answer the 
short list of questions so that the 
survey will portray an accurate and 
complete picture. 

About 350 of those who respond to 
the written survey will then be randomly 
selected for an intensive question and 
answer interview by telephone. This 
survey will take a deeper look at 
personal views. 

Finally, Stuart and Ingalls will gather 
the information and present a statistical 

portrait, within a three to five percent 
margin of error, of the people of the 
Diocese of North Carolina and what they 
think about their church in relation to 
their lives. The researchers expect the 
process to be finished well before 

Why are geographers doing a study of 
the church? Jerry Ingalls describes the 
evolution of geography, from the listing 
of state capitals that many of us remem- 
ber to the applied science it is today, as a 
full-blown revolution. At the introduc- 
tory level, latitude, longitude, climate, 
and physical geography are still taught. 
But in the late 1950s a change began 
and by the 1970s a very different 
discipline emerged: 'The new discipline 
is oriented toward why people locate 
where they do, what locations are more 
efficient, how do we accurately predict 
whether one site is better than another 
for a particular activity." 

Stuart describes geography as the 
science of location, in relation to human 
behavior. "Once you understand why 
and how [a pattern of human behavior] 
works historically, you are in a position 
to understand what is going to happen in 
the future." That understanding can 
enable the church to plan and to have an 
impact on the outcome. 

For Al Stuart putting churches on the 
map is not a new occupation; he recently 
completed a study of the Mecklenburg 
County Presbyterian Church to identify 
potential areas for new congregations. 
As he looks out over the rolling hills — 
and ever-expanding human civilization- 
of the Piedmont from this fourth-floor 
office on the UNCC campus, he talks 
with enthusiasm of the role geography is 
taking in enabling institutions such as 
churches to see themselves in the 
context of the real world. He says, 'The 
major problem we all have in dealing 
with our lives in trying to plan is to 
approach the world with a realistic 
understanding of how it works, not to 
approach it with outdated perceptions. 

We hold onto these perceptions, and 
they are strongest when we don't realize 
we have them. 

"I think in the church, for example, 
there is still a very powerful perception 
that it is based on the family 
institution... if we insist on making 
everything for families, we'll leave 
everyone else out... and family is 
becoming statistically a minority. That's 
what this kind of study can help you do, 
get in touch with reality." 

In Al's personal life, family and 
church are important ingredients. 
Married to a woman he grew up with in 
Roanoke, Va.-their mothers were fellow 
charter members of the Defenders Bible 
Class at the Presbyterian church~and 
father of four grown children, he is an 
elder and head of the Christian education 
committee at Trinity Presbyterian 
Church in Charlotte. His interest in the 
land has taken him far afield, and one of 

Gerald L. Ingalls 

the most significant and moving experi- 
ences of his life was working at the 
icecap in Antarctica in the late 1950s; he 
even has a mountain named after him 
there. He has been at UNCC since 1969, 
where he served as chairman of the 
Department of Geography from 1969 

(Continued on page 10) 

Women, infants, children to be focus of conference 

Kathleen Guy of the Children's Defense 
Fund, author of Welcome the Child : A 
Child Advocacy Guide for Churches, and 
Walter Shepherd, executive director of 
the North Carolina Governor's Commis- 
sion to Reduce Infant Mortality, will 
keynote a conference at Browns Summit 
on August 23 beginning at 6:00 p.m. and 
ending August 24 at 4:00 p.m. 

Entitled "Little Ones to Him Belong," 
the conference has been organized by 
the Diocesan Maternal, Infant, and Child 
Advocacy Committee in association with 
the Regional Perinatal Education 
Program, at the Bowman Gray School of 
Medicine at Wake Forest University in 

Winston-Salem. Conference goals are 
to (1) increase participants' awareness 
of problems faced by women, infants, 
and children in North Carolina, (2) 
stimulate thinking about ways in which 
Christians can alleviate these problems, 
(3) provide a forum for sharing ideas, 
and (4) stimulate changes in secular 
life which could favorably influence 
the well being of women, infants, 
and children. 

Concurrent sessions will include 
discussions of community coalitions, 
financial resources, infant mortality in 
the workplace, making rural child care 
a reality, identifying specific needs in 

your community, the Lincoln Center 
link to community churches and an 
evaluation of critical needs and current 
diocesan responses to those needs. 
The chaplain for the conference is the 
Rev. Virginia Herring, St. Luke's 
Church, Salisbury. 

The faculty, in addition to the 
keynote speakers include Florence 
Glasser from North Carolina Equity; 
Sharon Grooms, Lincoln Center; the 
Rev. James Lewis, director of Christian 
Social Ministries for the Episcopal 
Diocese of North Carolina; Drs. Mary 
Lou Moore and Michael O'Shea from 
Bowman Gray School of Medicine; 

Bonnie Poindexter, executive director of 
the Greater Triad Chapter March of 
Dimes; Bob Sipprell, Wachovia Bank 
and Trust Company; and Jill Soukup- 
Moore, Guilford County Coalition on 
Infant Mortality. 

The cost of the conference is $60, 
which includes tuition, room, and board. 
A limited number of scholarships for 
$30 are available through a grant from 
the March of Dimes. Registration is 
requested by August 15. 

To register, please call Dr. Mary Lou 
Moore or Lisa Canada at (919) 748- 
3662. Checks should be made payable 
to Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina. 


News of the National Church 

Elizabeth II 

During her two-week visit to the 
United States, the Episcopal Church 
found several occasions to greet Queen 
Elizabeth II, head of the Church of 
England and Defender of the Faith. 

President George Bush invited 
Presiding Bishop Edmond Browning to 
join the official party that greeted the 
queen and her entourage on their 
arrival in Washington, D.C., May 14. 
The presiding bishop and his wife, 
Patti, were guests at a state dinner at 
the White House that evening. 

The Brownings were also guests at a 
dinner for the queen at the British 
Embassy, where the presiding bishop 
offered the blessing, praying especially 
for "all whose lives are closely linked 
with ours." In a brief conversation 
with the queen, Browning said they 
talked about her first encounter with 
American baseball. "The queen said 
that the game was very exciting--with a 
packed stadium and lots of cheering 
and booing," Browning reported. "She 
said the most exciting thing was when 
a man hit the ball down the white line 
and it curved left so it didn't count- 
leading to a great deal of booing. And 
the queen marveled that one man alone 

Queen of England visits Washington Cathedral 

Queen Elizabeth II and her husband Prince Philip worshiped at 
Washington National Cathedral during their two-week state visit to the 
United States. 

made the decision that it didn't count." 

On May 17 the queen and Prince Philip 
visited Washington National Cathedral, 

where they greeted schoolchildren, 
members of the cathedral staff, and an 
ecumenical delegation. During a short 
prayer service, Bishop Ronald Haines 
asked for blessings for the queen "that she 
may fulfill her calling as a Christian ruler" 
and that the Commonwealth "may be knit 
together in one great family, a strength 
and joy to all its members and an instru- 
ment of peace in our troubled world." 
The last time the queen visited the 

cathedral was in 1976, when she joined 
President Gerald Ford for the dedication 
of the cathedral nave to reconciliation of 
the peoples of the world. 

Episcopal News Service 

New in Sewanee posts 



The RL Rev. Duncan M. Gray Jr. , 
Bishop of Mississippi, was elected to 
a six-year term as chancellor of the 
University of the South at Sewanee, 
Tennessee, during the annual meeting 
of the board of trustees on May 2, 
Bishop Gray will replace the Rt. Rev. 
Judaea* Child, former Bishop of 
Atlanta, who was elected in 1985. 
Gray will serve as cnairman of the 
university's board of trustees and as 
an ex officio member of the board of 
regents. His installation ceremony ; 
was held later in May to All Saints' 

Robert L. Keele, a 1956 graduate of 
Sewanee and former bead of the school's 
political science department, has been 
appointed new dean of me twiversity's 
College of Arts and Sciences. He will 
replace W. Brown Patterson, who is 
returning to teaching after eleven years 
as dean. Keele, who has been a member 
of the faculty at the University of the 
South since 1961, earned his doetorate at 
Emory University in 1960. He is 
married to Karen Schwames Keele, 
director of the Disciples of Christ in 
Community (DOC€) program at the 
extension center of the university's 
SehOoi of Theology, 

Robert L. Keele 

Rochester ECW disbands 

The Episcopal Church Women of the 
Diocese of Rochester (New York) have 
disbanded the diocesan ECW, despite 
petitions from some parishes that the 
decision be reconsidered. Citing lack of 
participation, the executive board 
secretary said, "In our diocese, perhaps 
because of the important role women 
play as priests and on diocesan 
committees, it became increasingly more 
difficult to find women willing to serve 
as ECW leaders." 

The Chronicle 

Religious orders 
enter historic covenant 

The Brotherhood of Saint Gregory, an 
Episcopal religious community, and the 
Society of the Atonement, a Roman 
Catholic Franciscan order, recendy 
evoked a shared history as they entered 
into a covenant of prayer and witness. 
The Society of the Atonement, known for 
its sponsorship of the annual Week of 
Prayer for Christian Unity, was an 
Episcopal religious community before 
being received into the Roman Catholic 
Church in the early 1900's. 

The Brotherhood of Saint Gregory last 
year proposed a formal covenant with the 
Franciscan order after Pope John Paul II 
suggested Saint Gregory as an ecumeni- 
cal focal point between Roman Catholics 
and Anglicans. Augustine's historic 
mission to England was undertaken 
during the papacy of Gregory the Great, 
who was elected pope in 590. 

The Nebraska Churchman 

plans visit 
in autumn 

The first official visit to the United 
States by the new archbishop of Canter- 
bury, Dr. George Carey, will be a 10-day 
whirlwind tour including national and 
diocesan events across the country. 

"We want to give him a wide expo- 
sure to the life of our church," said the 
Rev. Patrick Mauney, deputy for 
Anglican affairs of the Episcopal 
Church, who is coordinating the trip on 
behalf of the presiding bishop. Mauney 
said the archbishop, within the context 
of obvious limitations on his time, is 
trying to honor longstanding invitations. 

Following his arrival on September 9, 
Carey will join the House of Bishops on 
the last day of its meeting in Baltimore. 
In September, Carey also will preach at 
the Washington National Cathedral, and 
will take part in diocesan events around 
the country. Before leaving, Carey will 
be awarded an honorary degree from 
General Theological Seminary. 

"The archbishop is still working out 
the details of his visit, but the excite- 
ment is building, and we look forward to 
his visit," Mauney said. 

Episcopal News Service 

Moratorium called 
on ordinations 

The Diocese of Central Florida has 
imposed a moratorium on ordinations to 
the priesthood, effective June 1. 

Bishop John Howe, acting on the 
recommendations of the diocese's 
Standing Committee and Commission on 
Ministry, explained the decision by 
saying that "More clergy for fewer 
positions has created tremendous 
deployment problems. It has every- 
where led to the ordination process 
becoming more and more complicated, 
time-consuming, and costly." 

The moratorium will extend for at 
least a year and a half, Bishop Hower 
said. He also questioned whether 
seminaries are offering adequate training 
to meet current realities. 

"While there will always be a need 
for traditional training for traditional 
parish ministry, there are some gaping 
holes in our seminary curricula.. .in the 
areas of evangelism and church plant- 
ing," the bishop said. 

Referring to estimates that only 20 
percent of this year's ordinands will 
spend their entire lives in parish minis- 
try, he predicted that an "increasing 
number of clergy will have to prepare 
themselves to be * worker priests' for at 
least part of their ordained careers." 

Episcopal News Service 

JULY 199 1 

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By William E. Smyth 

When I came home from Camp Cheshire 
at Vade Mecum in 1957 with an 
earache, my mother put me to bed and 
called the doctor. Soon Dr. Claiborne T. 
Smith padded up the stairs, growled 
amiably at me, withdrew what seemed 
like a quart of blood, and departed. 

This summer, thirty-four years later, I 
found myself serving on the staff of 
Junior Camp at our Camp and Confer- 
ence Center with Dr. Smith's great- 
grandson, Phillip Todd, a junior at N.C. 
State and a parishioner at St. Timothy's 
in Wilson. 

I spent the summers of 1964 and 
1965 on the staff at Vade Mecum, 
where I began every day driving the 
morning's garbage to the dump in a 

pickup truck with Bill Short. Today Bill 
is a vice president with SunHealth in 
Charlotte, worships with his family at St. 
John's, and serves as a member of the 
Board of Directors of the Camp and 
Conference Center. This summer, his 
son Kep was also a fellow staff member 
at Junior Camp. 

This sense of continuity is a large part 
of why for two summers I have directed 
Junior Camp for 4th, 5th, and 6th 
graders. From my own experience I 
know how joyfully and (at times) 
irreverently my church camp experience- 
-as camper, counselor, and staff member- 
-has strengthened my faith. I am in good 
company: a large number of clergy and 
lay leaders in our Diocese have this 
experience in common. 

But what do we do at Junior Camp? I 
suppose the typical day at camp hasn't 
changed much: oh, perhaps there's a 
little more air conditioning and pizza 
around, but we had some of both at Vade 
Mecum, too. This summer, from June 
22nd until July 5th, our day began with 
an 8 a.m. breakfast followed by cabin 
cleanup. Bible study, swimming, and art 
filled the morning before lunch. Rest 
hour and canteen prepared us for a 
vigorous afternoon of sports, hiking, and 
swimming. Evenings after supper were 
noisy occasions for games, singing, skits, 
talent shows, or campfires. 

Each morning we gathered to read a 
passage from the life of Moses, from his 

infant journey down the Nile in a basket 
to his death atop Mount Nebo. That first 
day a red-haired Cabbage Patch doll lay 
nesded on a few pillows in my laundry 
basket. We soon learned "Let my 
people go" from the Hymnal 1982. 
When we arrived at the plagues in our 
reading, we searched the swimming pool 
drains for frogs, and I went to the local 
bait shop and filled my cricket cage with 
the closest critters I could find to locusts. 
Gathered around a table in candlelight, 
we were gently guided through a 
Passover meal prepared by a staff 
member who has a Jewish background, 
while two hulking staff teenagers 
dressed in black hovered like death 
angels outside our circle. To convey the 
sense of dependency which the people of 
Israel must have developed for Moses, 
we had a "trust walk," blindfolding the 
campers and gently leading them around 
camp. (Of course, they insisted on doing 
the same to us, only occasionally 
ignoring a low-lying tree limb.) By 
wonderful coincidence, we read about 
manna in the wilderness on the Sunday 
we celebrated the Holy Eucharist in the 
outdoor chapel. Of course, we con- 
cluded our study of "Moses: Hero of the 
Nile" with Cecil B. DeMille's 1956 
classic The Ten Commandments: as the 
thunder and lightning of a summer 
thunderstorm raged outside our win- 
dows, on the screen before us Charlton 
Heston parted the tumultuous waves of 

the Red Sea in a shrieking wind, and Yul 
Brynner's face sank into his hands as his 
chariots and horsemen were over- 
whelmed by the returning waters. 

We departed from our Moses theme 
on July the Fourth and slept late before a 
light breakfast and canoeing and 
swimming in the lake. After our early 
evening cookout of hotdogs and ham- 
burgers, we returned to the lake to fish, 
and bluegills and largemouth bass were 
soon flying through the air to excited 
yells and squeals. We drove into 
Greensboro in time to park strategically 
in the Krispy Kreme parking lot on 
Battleground Avenue, where we ate hot 
doughnuts, drank cold milk, and 
watched the fireworks splash over the 
downtown skyline. 

All of this was loads of fun, as 
summer camp in its timeless way always 
is. We were a wonderfully diverse 
group in our ages and races and tempera- 
ments. Like the people of Israel making 
their way to the Promised Land, we had 
lots of adventures, many laughs, and a 
few setbacks, but we always knew we 
were a community deepening our 
relationships with each other and with 
God. This is the tradition that is finally 
most enduring, and I am grateful that our 
Diocese continues this legacy for a new 

The Rev. William E. Smyth is rector of 
All Saints' Church in Roanoke Rapids. 

New name, new mission; Patterson changes to Morgan 

In the Fall, on Patterson Preserve, just 
north of Lenoir and south of Blowing 
Rock, the Patterson School will open its 
doors for the 82nd year with a new 
name. Through the efforts of the Board, 
the school was awarded a grant of $1 
million for renovations and capital 
improvements from the Burton D. 
Morgan Foundation. 

It was in gratitude for the 
Foundation's support and the desire to 
show a renewed vitality that the 
Patterson School was renamed The 
Morgan School at Patterson Preserve. 

The Morgan School is an Episcopal 
college preparatory school which strives 
to provide an excellent educational 
experience, guided by Christian tradi- 
tions, for its students. Headmaster 
Robert H. Brigham, III is expecting an 
exciting and productive first year. 

'Outward Bound' connection 

The school has entered into a unique 
working relationship with the North 
Carolina Outward Bound School. This 
collaboration enhances the school's 
philosophical partnership with Kurt 
Hahn, founder of Outward Bound, who 
advocated a curriculum balanced with 
mental, physical, and spiritual activities, 

in a community which strives to serve 
others. According to Brigham, the 
Morgan School community is committed 
to these ideals, and to the importance of 
self-discipline and responsibility. 
Exemplary of this commitment are the 
school expectations in the areas of 
academic studies, sports, spiritual life 
and community service. 

The Morgan School offers a rigorous 
curriculum of academic studies designed 

the natural sciences. 

In athletics, students are actively 
encouraged to try new experiences and 
are expected to participate in two 
competitive and one non-competitive 
activities each year. 

Episcopal traditions 

The Morgan School believes that 
spiritual growth is an essential element 
for the development of both the indi- 

The Morgan School offers a rigorous curriculum of 
academic studies designed to provide the student 
with a solid foundation in the liberal arts. 

to provide the student with a solid 
foundation in the liberal arts. Students 
interested in pursuing projects in more 
depth are able to work in the "Acad- 
emies" - three hours set aside each 
week to provide the student with the 
opportunity to demonstrate mastery of 
certain subjects in a very hands-on 
manner. In their senior year, students 
are required to complete a project which 
is inter-disciplinary in character and 
reflects their knowledge of the humani- 
ties and the arts, a second language, and 

vidual and the community, Brigham said. 
The school's Chapel has a "Vestry" 
comprised of students, faculty, and the 
chaplain whose work is to plan worship 
centered around the needs and concerns 
of the community. In keeping with the 
school's emphasis on service, students 
will have the opportunity to experience a 
firsthand approach to stewardship. While 
the school strives to maintain its Episco- 
pal traditions, the community is continu- 
ally enriched by the diversity of the 
spiritual traditions brought to it by the 

faculty and students. 

The Morgan School plans to promote 
learning through challenging work 
experiences. The program of Commu- 
nity Service is designed to involve both 
students and faculty in a variety of 
projects which serve to maintain the 
functional operation of the school. By 
working on campus and in the broader 
community, it is hoped that all will gain 
respect for the surrounding environment 
and for each other. 

The Morgan School charges its 
students with the responsibility of 
participating in community service with 
vigor, with an open mind, and with the 
understanding that hard work is not 
always fun; but it remains a necessary 
part of the daily routine of responsible 
human beings and citizens. 

Although hoping to build its new 
curriculum around above-average 
students, the school will retain its 
learning skills program for students with 
dyslexia, but shift the emphasis to 
helping above average students with this 

For more information, call the Morgan 
School Admissions' Office at 1-800- 


W m i ii mill ■ will iminim in n«i im i'iwh iiiiBMiririi«niiiiiiwiniMiMiiiiii|iimii«iii|Mii iwnwn 11 n mini n mi 11 iiiiiiiibw iimiiiimiiiiib iiiiiii i ■■■■■■iiim— i iiMMu_UMiLimaMii*mmuuM^LX 

New books, religious and general 

The Religion of the Heart. 
By Ted A. Campbell. Columbia: 
University of South Carolina Press, 
1991. 224 pp., $29.95. 

Durham- What does a Hasidic Jew from 
New York have in common with a Texas 
Pentecostal, an Oxfordshire Methodist or 
a Chicago Catholic devoted to the 
Sacred Heart of Jesus? A common 
heritage of "the religion of the heart," 
answers the Rev. Dr. Ted A. Campbell, a 
church historian at Duke University 
Divinity School. 

According to Campbell, each of these 
disparate expressions of religion can be 
broadly understood as examples of a 
wide cultural trend that spread through- 
out 17th and 18th century European 
religion, a sort of spiritual parallel to 
the Enlightenment. 

Campbell describes these religious 
expressions in his recently published 
book, The Religion of the Heart: A Study 
of European Religious Life in the 
Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries 
(University of South Carolina Press). 

The book is not only a study in 
church history, but also an exercise 
in the much beleaguered 

multiculturalism sought in American 
higher education today. 

"As I see it, multiculturalism in 
education should mean not only that 
we teach students about cultures other 
than our own C Western Civilization'), 
but that we should also teach the 

historical diversity within Western 
culture itself, and the interconnections 
between cultures. 

"In The Religion of the Heart, I've 
explored some of the cultural intercon- 

Book gives introductions 
for readings in worship 

As Mark Twain once put it: "Eschew 
surplusage." Or, as author William 
Sydnor relates: "Avoid an excursion 
into tedium." Both describe the Rev. 
Mr. Sydnor' s approach to the art of 
introducing scripture readings in 
worship services. Sydnor has been 
composing such introductions at the 
Washington Cathedral for years -- 
and they have gotten shorter and 

"I came to realize that the job 
is to introduce, to say very little; to 
let God speak to the worshippers 

through God's word," writes Sydnor. 

The result is Morehouse 
Publishing's latest liturgical release, 
Introductions to the Scripture Read 
in Worship. The material, which 
includes introductions for years "A," 
"B," and "C," has been written for 
direct use by the reader at the lectern. 
With the introductions for each 
service printed on the same page, the 
page can be copied readily. 

"I firmly believe that, without a 

(Continued on page 10) 

nections between Western European 
pietistic movements (Catholic and 
Protestant) and Central and Eastern 
European religion (early Hasidic 
Judaism and Russian sectarian move- 
ments). I've also examined some of the 
ways in which women came to leader- 
ship roles in many of these movements," 
said Campbell. 

Despite their diversity, the religion of 
the heart movements see the alienation 
between God and humanity bridged in 
"heartfelt" experiences of repentance, 
faith and personal illumination, 
Campbell wrote. The category includes 
Quakers, Catholic groups known as 
Jansenists and Quietists, Moravians, 
Methodists, Russian sectarian groups 
and early Jewish Hasidism. 

This emphasis on the feelings and the 
will arose during a time of extensive 
Protestant-Catholic warfare in Britain 
and Europe and during Russian and 
Swedish persecution of the Jews of 
Poland. Leaders in the religion of the 
heart movements often supported 
Enlightenment thinking and, through the 
use of reason and experience, questioned 
their traditions and how knowledge was 
derived, Campbell said. Many were in 
favor of experimental science; John 
Wesley and Jonathan Edwards based 
much of their written work on John 
Locke's epistemology. The famous 
mathematician Blaise Pascal was one of 
the Jansenists, a Catholic religion of the 
heart movement. 

Campbell studied these movements as 
part of a wide-ranging cultural dynamic 
without equivocating between them. 
Although he acknowledged that these 
religion of the heart movements are 
"concerned with ultimate values," 
they cannot be completely explained 
by psychological or social analyses. 
Neither does the recognition of such 
similarities imply that all religions 
are the same, said Campbell, as 
claimed by 19th century studies of 
comparative religion. 

"The approach I've followed is based 
on contemporary studies of comparative 
religions, which stress the particularities 
of religious traditions as well as their 
cultural parallels. This approach also 
contrasts with some 20th century 
approaches that have taken a specific 
form of religious life-such as myth or a 
specific religious experience-and 
identified it as normative for all. These 
approaches tend to force a kind of 
unnatural homogeneity on religious 
traditions; what I've tried to do is see 
parallels without forcing them." 

Campbell admitted his approach is 
not easy. "I've tried to be clear from the 
start that this work reflects my own 
commitments as an evangelical Chris- 
tian, a United Methodist elder and a 
university scholar. 

Carter Askren 
Duke News Service 

Fall Conference views diversity of family 

"The Family of the Nineties" is the topic for 
a major fall conference to be jointly 
sponsored by three diocesan organizations 
on October 4-6 at the Camp and Conference 
Center at Brwons Summit. 

The Education and Training 
Commission, The Episcopal Church 
Women, and the Commission on 
Evangelism and Renewal are cooperating 
to present the conference, which will be led 
by the Rev. Bruce Stewart, of the Center for 
Liturgy and the Arts, Annandale, Virginia. 
Homelife as it really is today — singles, 

couples, housemates, the aging, single 
parents, same sex households, or married 
couples with children — will be examined 
with a view toward what the church can be 
and do for families, and how the gospel 
leads Christinas and the church community 
to respond to the need for support and help 
that people seek. 

This event is for church leaders, for 
persons interested in pastoral support for 
family groups in the church, as well as for 
individuals interested in personal growth. 
This will be the fall meeting for the ECW 

and will serve as the annual Christian 
Education conference. 

A variety of workshops will be offered 
to participants. 

Conference fee is $30 and cost of meals 
and housing will be S85. Registration forms 
may be obtained from Ellyn Easterling, 
Chairman, Education and Training 
Commission, 105 Stoneridge Drive, Chapel 
Hill, N.C. 27514, (919) 929-2522. Some 
scholarship help is available. Registratin 
forms should be returned by Sept. 7 to Susie 
Small, 2700 Lakeview Drive, Raleigh, N.C. 

JULY 1991 

This & that, from all over 

(Continued from page 3) 
Money raised through balloon sales by 
students at St. Timothy's School, 
Raleigh, is helping finance construction 
of an extension to St. Andrew's School 
in Belize. 

* * * 

At All Saints', Roanoke Rapids, 

worship committee chairman Deedie 
Moncure and her grandchildren 
gathered up Prayer Books with loose 
and missing pages and committee 
member Rev Winfree repaired them. 
This loving and useful work is needed in 
every mission and parish in the diocese. 

The Rev. Joanne Stearns, assistant to 
the rector at St. Philip's, Durham, will 
be leading a pilgrimage to Greece, 
October 24 through November 5. Sign- 
up deadline is August 15, and further 
information may be obtained from her at 
(919) 682-5708 

* * * 

Who is the senior confirmand in the 
Diocese of North Carolina? That is, 
what person in the diocese (confirmed in 
this state) has been confirmed the 
longest? If you have a candidate for this 
honor, please send a note to the editor of 
The Communicant. 

The Catholic Diocese of Charlotte 
will be served by its own new diocesan 
newspaper, The Catholic News & 
Herald, beginning July 1. Robert 
Gately will serve as editor and David 
Dykes as general manager. The 

Catholic Diocese of Raleigh will 
continue to publish the N.C. Catholic, 
which has since 1946 served the entire 
state. Guy Munger of Raleigh is acting 
editor. The Charlotte diocese, founded 
in 1972, now has 32,184 Catholic 
families and expects to double that 
number by the year 2000. 

* * * 

Cathy Catron has been appointed 
as a licensed lay reader at St. Mary's, 
High Point, for a two-year term to 

begin July 1. 

* * * 

Bishop Estill has licensed Sallie 
Faulkenberry to administer the chalice 
at Holy Eucharist at St. Anne's, Win- 

* * * 

Beth Ely of St. John's, Charlotte, 

has written a valuable new book, A 
Manual for Lay Eucharistic Ministers, 
which will be reviewed in the next issue 
of The Communicant.. 

Bishop Estill dedicated the new 
parish house at Church of the Saviour 
in Jackson on June 30 and the new 
building at St. Mark's, Roxboro, on 

July 7. 

* * * 

not form our moral vision by standing on 
the street corner, hoping to absorb 
it by osmosis."-Bishop Frank K. 
Allan, Diocese of Atlanta, in DioLog, 
July 1991. 


Thanks for coverage 

We are writing on behalf of the 1991 
ASID Designer Showhouse. The 
wonderful publicity received through 
your publication, The Communicant, was 
gready appreciated. Thank you for your 
interest and support in making the 
restoration of the Bishop's House a 

Mary Wheless 
Bess Walker 

Book gives ... 

(Continued from page 9) 

well-informed introduction, the Word 
of God heard through the distorting 
earphones of ignorance may com- 
pletely violate the meaning of the 
passages from Holy Writ. Could the 
devil have a more effective confeder- 
ate?" asks the Rev. Mr. Sydnor. 

Other Morehouse books by William 
Sydnor include Your voice, God's Word, 
Looking at the Episcopal Church, and 
The Story of the Real Prayer Book. The 
Rev. Mr. Sydnor is a graduate of Virginia 
Theological Seminary and has been an 
Episcopal priest for 55 years. Now 
retired, he serves part-time on the staff of 
Washington National Cathedral. 

Clergy changes and moves 

Coming from the Diocese of Arizona to 
Charlotte, the Rev. Rebecca E. Holmes 
has assumed non-parochial status in this 
diocese, effective May 1. 

The Rev. Mary Jeanne Eckert Kroohs 
was ordained deacon on May 25 and 
assigned to St. Timothy's, Winston- 

The Rev. Elmer Taylor Malone Jr. was 
Ordained deacon on June 1 and assigned 
to the Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill. 

Ordained to the priesthood on June 29 
was the Rev. Sonja S. Hudson, who has 
been serving as deacon with St. Stephen's 
and St. Cyprian's, the Episcopal churches 
of Oxford. 

The Rev. Arthur Jenkins was ordained 
as deacon (transitional) on June 15 in 
Scotland Neck and is going to Charleston, 
S.C., where he will be assistant to the 
rector at St. James Church. 

Interim rector at Church of the 
Nativity, Raleigh, is the Rev. Pamela 

The Rev. Richard H. Callaway, 
formerly vicar of Church of the Nativity, 
Raleigh, became vicar of St. 
Chrysostom's, Douglasville, Ga., effec- 
tive June 1. 

The Rev. Janice Chalaron, who has 

been serving as deacon at Church of the 
Holy Comforter, Burlington, was ordained 
to the priesthood on May 26. 

Ordained to the priesthood on June 29 
was the Rev. Randal A. Foster, who has 

July 1. 

The Rev. Judith A. Davis was or- 
dained to the diaconate (transitional) on 
June 22. 

The Rev. Jerry W. Fisher's status has 
changed from non-parochial to interim 
rector, Emmanuel, Southern Pines, 
effective May 20. 

The Rev. Fred Horton is now chair- 
man of the Department of Religion at 
Wake Forest University. 

The Rev. Foy Bradshaw, who has 
been serving as deacon at Calvary 
Church, Tarboro, will be deacon-in- 
charge at Epiphany, Rocky Mount, 
effective August 4. 

The Rev. June T. Chandler, who 
comes from the Diocese of Central Gulf 
Coast, will be new assistant to the rector 
at St. Stephen's, Durham, effective 
August 1. 

The Rev. Mary Kroohs, ordained 
May 25 at St. Anne's, Winston- 

been serving as deacon at Emmanuel, 
Southern Pines. He will be assistant to the 
rector at St. Mary's, High Point, effective 

Diocesan house staff notes 

The Rt. Rev. Huntington Williams Jr., 
suffragan bishop of this diocese, was 
awarded an honorary Doctor of Divinity 
degree at Virginia Theological Seminary 
in Alexandria, Virginia, on May 16. 

Planning Study 

(Continued from page 6) 
until 1986. 

Jerry Ingalls describes himself as a 
political or electoral geographer; he often 
provides political candidates with 
information about the best areas in which 
to campaign effectively. He thinks of 
geography as enabling him to pull 
together many different aspects of human 
behavior to understand what is happening 
and why. Even in his off-duty hours, he 
is a student of human behavior; his plans 
this summer include a trip with his wife 
to Guatemala, where they will study 
Mayan civilization and culture. At 
UNCC since 1973, he has found it a good 
place to work, and especially appreciates 
the university's permitting and even 
encouraging its faculty to pursue their 
own interests and be involved in the 
larger community. 

Jerry sees this diocesan study as a 
ground-breaking activity: "We think it is 
unique of the diocese to want it done, and 
very unique to allow it done in this 
comprehensive a fashion. It's quite 
impressive. I can't find any place else 
where it's ever been done." 

The Reverend David Williams, chair 
of the long-range planning committee, 
expects the study to give us a sense of 
who we are as a church and what we can 
be, a portrait of the diocese today. In 
1992 the committee will turn to the 
future to answer the question: What do 
we want to do about it? 

Judy Lane, who has been a frequent 
contributor to The Communicant, lives in 

Anglican spirit 

(Continued from page 1) 

diocese will be encouraged by this. 

The spirit of the House of Deputies was 
warm, open, and cooperative. We shared 
moments of serious and intense debate, as 
well as moments of tenderness and humor. 
Our farewell to the Very Rev. David Collins, 
retiring as President of the House, was a 
unanimous and heartfelt thanks, and the 
welcome to Pam Chinnis, first woman 
President of the House, was also enthusiastic. 

The entire cohort from North Carolina — 
delegates to the Triennial, deputies to the 
General Convention, Bishops, alternates, 
spouses, visitors, — provided support and 
humor for one another, as well as making 
significant contributions to the Convention 

Thank you all for your prayers and good 
wishes. We hope to talk with many of you in 


Bob Sessum, Dudley Colhoun, Janet 

Watrous, Ken Henry, Scott Evans, Joe 

Cheshire, Ann Tomlinson and Cecil 




Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends; 

Flying back from Phoenix and the 
General Convention I asked myself, 
"What happened? What did we do? 
What came from ten days of worship, 
legislative sessions, committee meetings, 
open hearings and counUess smaller 
meetings and gatherings?" I decided that 
the answers to those questions could best 
be given in an overview from my own 
experience. Others might answer them 

In the first place, I was proud of our 
Deputies. They worked hard, met in 
caucus each day following the sessions, 
kept up on issues by assigning individuals 
to each major topic, and were represented 
at every open hearing and at most 
committee meetings. In the second place, 
I was proud of our Presiding Bishop, who 
conducted the business of the House of 
Bishops, led the entire Convention, and 
gave, arguably, the best opening address I 
have heard him give. 

I was not as disappointed as some over 
the so-called sexuality conclusions. We 
did affirm the Christian view that the 
sexual act is only appropriate in marriage 
and that marriage is a life-long union of a 
man and a woman. We admitted that 
there are those whose experience does not 
correspond with this and that there are 
issues of sexuality which need further 
study before the mind of the Church can 
be determined. Two things in the debate 

stuck in my mind. One: we are seeking 
the will of God in these matters, not the 
will of the people, and second: it has 
always taken the Church a long time to 
take definitive positions on matters of 
theological and biblical importance. 

We also put some teeth in the study 
period which were not there during the 
last three years, and there will be more 
about this here in The Communicant in 
future issues. 

Regarding ordinations, this means that 
nothing has changed in our diocese in the 
policies we have had since I have been 
Bishop. I believe the 1979 action of the 
General Convention is binding, and I 
cannot present anyone for ordination who 
is "a practicing homosexual or who is a 
heterosexual who is promiscuous." A few 
bishops signed a minority statement in 
1979, and only one of those is a diocesan 
bishop today. Nonetheless, there are 
several (including Bishop Spong and 
Bishop Hanes, of Washington), who feel 
the Resolution is simply an advisory one 
and who have (and will in the future) 
ordain practicing gay and lesbian persons. 

Thanks in part to the leadership of our 
own Deputy Scott Evans, some far- 
reaching decisions were made to concern 
ourselves about the environment and 
thanks to Bishop Browning, there will be 
a major emphasis upon study of the 
problem of racism in this next triennium. 
Our diocese already has a committee in 
place, and I will join him in calling for 

Bishop Estill smiles during a recent ordination service 

this to be a major concern in North 
Carolina. Finally, an amended edition of 
prayers to be used under the direction of 
the Bishop, was adopted and I will ask 
your Liturgy and Worship Commission to 
help me set guidelines. 

I was proud of the Rev. Philip Byrum, 
of St. Timothy's, Wilson, who served as 
the Coordinator for the Convention 
Worship on July 17. Our 4th Province 
had the responsibility for the service on 
that day and Father Phil (assisted by the 
Rev. Timothy Kimbrough of the Church 
of the Holy Family, Chapel Hill) was at 
his best. The Rev. Canon Nan Peete of 
Atlanta was the Celebrant, and in doing 
so, she became the first woman celebrant 
in General Convention history. 

Mrs. Magdanz did her usual fine job in 

handling the arrangements for our eight 
deputies, two bishops, spouses, alternates 
(several attended at their own expense) 
and visitors. 

All in all I felt it was a good Conven- 
tion (it was my eighth) and that the Holy 
Spirit used us and through us strength- 
ened the Church. There will still be some 
who will interpret things and act for 
themselves, but the great majority of us, 
laity and clergy alike, seemed to be "One 
in the Spirit and One in the Lord." 

Faithfully yours, 
Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop's letter 

The Rt. Rev. Huntington Williams 
Jr., suffragan bishop of the 
Diocese, will serve as the 
Ecclesiastical authority during 
Bishop Estill's sabbatical, 

Dear Friends, 

The brilliant sunshine and heat of July in 
Phoenix was the external environment, 
but the work of the General Convention 
happened within the large and cooled 
spaces of the Civic Center. For over 
ten hours each day we sat in committee 
meetings, at worship, prayer and Bible 
Study, and in legislative sessions. We 
were apprehensive about the righteous- 
ness and unity of the Church. We 
worked hard to rediscover and to re- 
affirm these central aspects of our life as 
God's People. 

I had two keyholes through which I 
saw the Convention happening directly: 
The House of Bishops' Committee on 
Miscellaneous Resolutions, on which I 
served, and the Eucharist that included 
Bible Study in the same small group 
each morning. 

Among the resolutions referred 
to our committee was one from a 
bishop to censure the two bishops who 

had recently ordained active homosexual 
persons, actions which the General 
Convention had deemed inappropriate in 
1979. We offered a substitute which was 
passed after much debate by the House. 
It did not censure the ordaining bishops 
but instead acknowledged the dilemma of 
conscience reflecting the lack of 
concensus in the House of Bishops itself 
about whether or not to ordain the 
ministries of qualified gays and lesbians. 
Our concern about our leadership and the 
gap between what we say and what we do 
was referred to the Presiding Bishop and 
his Council of Advice to help us address 
at a future interim meeting of the House 
of Bishops. 

The text of "a house divided against 
itself shall never stand" (Mark 3:25) 
seemed timely when it was assigned for 
small group Bible Study one morning. 
I was in a group with two priests, a 
deacon, a college student and Lay 
Deputies. They came from dioceses 
in California, Newark, Oregon, and the 

Rio Grande. 

It had seemed artificial at first, to be 
assigned to a group of strangers. But 
the daily gathering was the kind of 
discipline within which we were no 
longer strangers to each other. Instead 
we discovered common ground based in 
the Word. We became friends. We 
found no final answers to the issues 
facing the Convention, but learning from 
each other we celebrated the Church 
we were, and were becoming. 

Two keyholes on the General 
Convention: The real tensions of our 
search for unity within our diversity, 
and the experience of that unity as we 
encountered the Word in our midst, alive 
and well as our Risen Lord. 

Faithfully yours, 
Hunt Williams 

JULY 1991 


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Vol. 82, No. 5 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

's only Episcopal college for women celebrates unique role 

September 1991 


Saint Mary's proudly enters 150th academic year 

Editor's Note: This is the first in a 
series throughout the coming year that 
will attempt to report on the Sesquicen- 
tennial of Saint Mary's College. 

By E. T. Malone Jr. 

Raleigh, September 19--Excitement 

Church gives 
fire victims 
$10,000 in aid 

Hamlet relief urged 

Raleigh, Sept. 9-Quick action by 
diocesan officials has resulted in an 
emergency grant of $10,000 from the 
Presiding Bishop's Fund for World 
Relief to help victims of the Hamlet 
poultry plant fire disaster. 

Additionally, a diocesan fund has 
been created and a diocese-wide 
appeal launched to raise more money 
for immediate help to the people of 
Hamlet, Bishop Huntington Williams 
Jr. announced. 

"It would be wonderful if we could 
double the grant and present Hamlet 
with a $20,000 check," Bishop 
Williams urged. 

The deadly blaze, which took the 
lives of 25 workers at the Imperial 
Food Products plant on Sept. 3, has 
devastated many families in the 
Hamlet community. Several of those 
who died were single mothers. 

The Rev. David Sweeney, vicar of 
All Saints' Church, Hamlet, is 
working closely with clergy in 
Hamlet to gather funds for both 
immediate and long-term assistance. 

In a letter to all diocesan clergy, 
Bishop Williams said, "Please 
consider making a contribution from 
any discretionary funds or special 
outreach monies you might have 
available. You might consider, as 
well, a special church offering and an 
approach to your local ECW and/or 
youth groups." 

All checks should be made payable 
to the Diocese of North Carolina, 
marked "for Hamlet relief," and sent 
to the Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, 
NC 27619-7025. 

permeates the conversations of Saint 
Mary's College staff, faculty, students, 
and alumnae as the school enters its 
150th academic year. 

Education for women, in the context 
of an all-female campus, is still alive, 
well, and relevant, they declare. 

As if in evidence of this assertion, a 
host of volunteers has been hard at work 
planning a series of special events to 
celebrate the Sesquicentennial scheduled 
this academic year and during fall 1992. 

Special events scheduled 

Highlights of the coming year include 
the 150th Birthday Party, Sept. 18; 
Parents' Day, Oct. 25; Founder's Day 
and Academic Convocation, Nov. 1; 
Lighting O' the Grove, Dec. 10; Wake 
County Alumnae Christmas Party, Dec. 
11; President's Faculty/Staff Christmas 
Party, Dec. 20; Spring Festival, April 24, 
1992; 150th Commencement, May 12; 
Aldert Smedes Ball, May 15; Alumnae 
Day, May 16; Founder's Day and 
Alumnae Forum, Oct. 30. 

New Dean Jack Hume welcomes students to the campus. 

History as a backdrop 

Graduation day this school year falls 
on Tuesday, May 12, exactly 150 years 
to the day after the Rev. Aldert Smedes, 
a New York priest, opened his school for 
young ladies in "a beautiful and 
elevated Oak grove" on a site then 
considered in the town's western 

Today, a leisurely walk across the 
campus and through its pre -Civil War 
central buildings reminds one of the 
school's physical and spiritual heritage, 
still tempering, coloring, texturing the 
present. Portraits on the walls of the 
stately Smedes Parlor in the 1837 main 
building recall the school's strong 

(Continued on page 10) 

St. Martin's Head Start program underway 

Migrant kids get a boost 

Avelie, a migrant child 

By Gayle Lane Fitzgerald 

It is 7 a.m. and already steam is rising 
from the sweltering rain-soaked soil of 
Johnston County, enveloping the small 
trailer that sits in a clearing amid green 
fields of tobacco. Nearby stands a 
rickety two-seat outhouse which is 
shared by the two migrant families who 
live in the trailer plus those living in an 
old tenant farmhouse a few yards away. 

At dawn, most of the adults here 
went off to work under the blazing 
August sun, harvesting the crops of our 
land. In earlier days, their young 
children would have gone with them, 
spending the day inside a parked car 
where they would be safe from chemi- 
cals and equipment in the fields but 
endangered by dehydration, severe heat, 
and lack of activity. They would 
probably have had little to eat and 
nothing to do all day but wait endlessly 
for their parents. 

Fortunately, these are better days. 

The Episcopal Farmworker Ministry has 
seen to that. So this morning at 7 a.m., 
three bright and shining youngsters, all 
under the age of three, emerge from the 
trailer and get in a van to ride to a 

St. Martin's East Coast Migrant Head 
Start is nothing less than that. And like 
so many miracles, it began small when a 
handful of Episcopalians in the Raleigh 
area decided to collect and distribute 
clothes to migrant farmworkers. Their 
efforts soon grew into the Episcopal 
Farmworker Ministry (EFwM for short), 
an outreach ministry located near newton 
Grove that is jointly sponsored by the 
Dioceses of North Carolina and East 
Carolina. This remarkable program 
provides a wide variety of vital services 
to migrants in a three-county area. It 
gives them food and clothes and other 
necessities. It offers them English 
classes, transportation to and from 
hospitals and health clinics, help with 

(Continued on page 8) 

Around the diocese 

Conference Center offers 
traditional Thanksgiving 

Browns SuMMrr-Families, couples, and 
individuals can enjoy a traditional 3-day 
Thanksgiving holiday at the Camp and 
Conference Center here this fall, director 
John Koch announced. 

Beginning Wednesday evening, Nov. 
27, and lasting through Friday morning, 
Nov. 29, the offerings include a tradi- 
tional Thanksgiving dinner; a "Pig- 
Pickin' and Hoe-down" Wednesday 
evening; special Children's Program on 
Thursday morning; child care for 
children under age three; Thanksgiving 
religious service on Thursday morning; 
full use of gym, tennis courts, hiking 
trails, etc.; access to a local golf course; 
and widescrccn and regular television 
available for movies, football games, 

Sponsored by the program committee 
of the Camp and Conference Center 
Board of the Diocese of North Carolina, 
the 3-day event is intended to offer a 
unique opportunity for people to become 
more familiar with the Conference 
Center facility and enjoy a brief, 
economical holiday away from home 
without traveling a long distance. 

Rooms, including two nights' lodging 
and five meals, are available for S99 for 
individuals (single occupancy) or SI 79 
(double occupancy). Families with 
small children may stay in one room. A 
few cabins are available for larger 
groups, at SI 79 for a family of up to two 
adults and three children under 16, with 
$25 charged for each additional child. 
Cabins for singles arc available at S179 
for two adults, with S35 charged for each 
additional adult, up to a total of five. 

Registration deadline is November 1 5 
and a non-refundable deposit of $50 is 
required. Checks should be made 
payable to The Camp and Conference 
Center, for "Thanksgiving Weekend"' 
and mailed to P.O. Box 660, Browns 
Summit, N.C. 27214. For more informa- 
tion please call (919) 342-6163. 

Good Shepherd Church: 
90 years in Cooleemee 

Cooi.EKMhE-The Church of the Good 
Shepherd, Coolccmcc, celebrated on 
September 15 the 90th anniversary of its 
founding in 1901. The first church 
building was constructed of wood before 
many of the houses in this small mill 
town. A parish house was erected in 
1912. The first church building burned, 
and the present church of red brick in 
gothic style was built circa 1925, the 
same time the present vicarage was 

Good Shepherd is one of many 
churches founded by the Rev. Francis J. 

The Rev. Charles L. Wood of 
Durham, serving as vicar of St. 
Luke's, Yanceyville, was re 
cently honored in ceremonies 
held in Washington, D.C., by 
being presented the Exceptional 
Service Award, second highest 
honor bestowed on military 
chaplains. Fr. Wood, who holds 
the Air Force rank of lieutenant 
colonel, is a 34-year chaplain 
with prior service as an enlisted 
man in the 20th Air Force in 
World War II and later service as 
a Signal Corps reserve officer 
and National Guard artillery 
officer. Retired from the Dio- 
cese of Michigan, he currently 
serves as national director for 
chaplains' communications. 

Murdock of St. Luke's, Salisbury. The 
Episcopal Church has given to 
Cooleemee its first church building, the 
first layman to conduct regular services, 
the first medical clinic, and a missionary 
for Liberian service, Ethel Louise Byerly 
Simmons (Mrs. Harvey). Through the 
years Good Shepherd has been served by 
1 8 clergymen and one lay reader. It is 
currently a mission of the Episcopal 
Diocese of North Carolina with a small 
but active membership. 

On September 15, the church family 
and guests celebrated with an 1 1:00 a.m. 
service of Holy Eucharist, Rite II, 
followed by a luncheon at the 
Cooleemee Elementary School. The 
guest homilist for the occasion was the 
Rev. William Penn Price, former priest- 
in-charge, and the Rev. Willis 
Rosenthal, also a former priest-in- 
charge, participated in the service with 
the vicar, the Rev. Edwin P. Bailey. 
Other past clergy present included the 
Revs. Thomas Aycock and John Zunes. 
Philip Deadmon, formerly a Cooleemee 
resident, was the guest organist, and Ms. 
Nicola Hodge of Reston, Virginia, was 
the flutist. The congregation of the 
Church of the Ascension, Fork, joined 
with Good Shepherd for this joyous 

ACTS Committee awards 
first set of grants 

RALEiGH-The Adopt-A-Teen program at 
St. David's, Laurinburg, received a 
$5,500 emergency grant from the 
diocesan ACTS Committee, according to 
Shara Partin, a committee representative. 

Meeting July 24, the ACTS Commit- 
tee also gave $500 in emergency money 
to the New Directions program in 
Durham's Fayetteville Street Commu- 

In making the first grants to programs 
subject to its review, the committee 
reported that it received no requests for 
grants in the area of diocesan disaster 

Under the world disaster relief 
category, a $3,000 grant was awarded to 
the Presiding Bishop's Fund for World 
Relief for work in Bangladesh, Jerusa- 
lem/Palestine, and in the Sudan and the 
Horn of Africa. 

Under new programs, the Episcopal 
Housing Ministry in Raleigh received 
$5,000, and $1,000 went to the Episcopal 
Servant Center in Greensboro. 

The committee uses the income from 
gifts to these areas to make awards. 
Gifts to each area/category are still 
welcome, as requests were greater than 
the amount of money available, Partin 
reported. Applications and funding 
guidelines are available from the Rev. 
William S. Brettmann's office at 
Diocesan House. The next deadline for 
applications is Oct. 11. 

Historic St. Mary's Chapel 
still makes history 

Hillsborough — For an "inactive" 
church, historic St. Mary's Chapel in 
Orange County continues to be active 
and making history. Recendy, St. 
Mary's was one of four Episcopal 
churches in North Carolina showcased by 
the National Episcopal Historians' 
Association in its annual meeting, held 
this year in Browns Summit, N.C, 
explained Mrs. Wallace Bacon, chairman 
of the St. Mary's Chapel Committee. 

Representing the Chapel during this 
summer's national conference, in 
addition to Mrs. Bacon, were the Rev. N. 
Brooks Graebner, rector of St. Matthew's 
Church in Hillsborough, and Dr. Polly 
Roberts, Chapel committee member and 
representative for St. Mary's on the 
convention's panel featuring the preserv- 
ing and honoring of historic Episcopal 
churches in North Carolina. During her 
slide show and commentary, Dr. Roberts 
detailed the condition of the 132-year- 
old Chapel, badly in need of repairs 
when the restoration committee became 
active 20 years ago, up to its present-day 
near-complete restoration. 

The latest in a long list of repairs is the 
construction of steps to both entrances 
with hand-made bricks which match "as 
nearly as possible the original bricks 
made by farm laborers in nearby fields for 
the structure built in 1859," Dr. Roberts 

"Inactive" refers to churches which do 
not conduct regular services, yet, in St. 
Mary's case, services are held on special 
occasions, particularly at homecoming, 
an annual celebration in the Chapel since 
1952 and planned this year for Sunday, 
Sept. 29. The service will begin at 11:15 
a.m., followed by a participation lunch 
and a reunion of St. Mary's Public 
School alumni, faculty, and friends from 
the school's founding, in the 1900's, 
through 1942. 

Mrs. Bacon adds that all interested in 
being at this event are invited to attend. 
St. Mary's Chapel is located seven miles 
northeast of Hillsborough near the 
intersection of St. Mary's and Pleasant 
Green roads. 

Other inactive North Carolina 
Episcopal churches of historic impor- 
tance recognized during the National 
Episcopal Historians' Association 
conference were St. Andrew's, 
Woodleaf; St. John's, Williamsboro; and 
Old Trinity, Scotland Neck. 

The Cominunicant(USPS 392- 
580) is published bimonthly, in 
January, March, May, July, 
September, and November, by the 
Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina, 201 St. Albans Drive, 
Raleigh, NC 27619. 


The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop 

Rt. Rev. Huntington Williams Jr. 


The Rev. E.T. Maione Jr. 

Non-diocesan subscriptions are 
$10.00. Submissions are wel- 
come and are due on the 10th of 
the month for the issue dated the 
following month. 

Please send letters and 
address changes to: The Commu- 
nicant, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, 
NC 27619. 

Phone: (919) 787-6313. 

The Communicant is a 
member of the Associated Church 
Press and the Association of 
Episcopal Communicators. 
Second-class postage paid at 
Raleigh, North Carolina, and at 
additional post offices. 


This & that, from all over 

St. Catherine's, Charlotte, is continu- 
ing its efforts to reach the goal of twenty 
adult communicants required for union 
with the diocese, according to senior 
warden Roger S. Hinson. Currently, 
members and friends worship together 

every Sunday at 10 a.m. at the First 
Union Bank, 108 Highway 49N in 
Harrisburg. Priest-in-charge is the Rev. 

Joe C. Coulter. 

* * * 

Trinity Church, Fuquay-Varina, is 

Acolyte Festival, Bishop's Ball 

Youth events set for Fall 

There's lots in store this fall for diocesan 
youth, according to the exciting list of 
events released by Youth Coordinator 
Frances Payne. 

First on the agenda is the Leadership 
Training Weekend, Sept. 27-29, at 
Browns Summit. "Are you a leader in 
your church? Youth or adult, we invite 
you to join us as we explore issues that 
concern you and your parish EYC and 
discover programs and plans that can 
help! We will use large and small group 
formats to cover leadership styles, active 
listening, communication, models for 
planning, how to get people involved, 
group dynamics, games, cliques, 
behavior management and more! Bring 
your adult advisors! Bring your youth 
leadership! Ask your parish to pay for 
it! The program begins on Friday at 7 
p.m. and ends Sunday at 11 a.m.," she 

The Middlers Fall Conference is set 
for Oct. 4-6 and is a new conference 
offered because of requests from youth. 
"Middlers now have their own fall event 
full of fun, fellowship, worship, small 
and large group activities, and new 
friends," said Frances. 

Next comes Happening No. 18, in 
which senior high students explore their 
relationship with Christ. Set for Oct. 18- 
20, this event is filling up fast. For 
Happening team and participant registra- 
tions, contact Laura Smith, St. Paul's 
Church, 520 Summit St., Winston- 
Salem, N.C. 27101 (919) 723-4391. 

The Senior Fall Conference is 
scheduled for Oct. 25-27, with the theme 
"Created in God's Image: Sexuality as a 
Divine Gift." Leaders will be John 
Bernhardt, St. John's, Charlotte, and 
Joan Patteson, Christ Church, Charlotte. 

The Acolyte Festival this year will be 
on Nov. 2 at Duke University in 
Durham. It begins with a festival 
celebration of the Eucharist at 10:30 a.m. 
followed by lunch and football, Duke vs. 
George Tech, at the Wallace Wade 
Stadium. Football tickets are $8.00 and 
meal tickets are $3.00. 

The 3rd Annual Bishop's Ball will 
take place on the weekend of Dec. 6-8 at 
Browns Summit. "Join Bishop Estill, 
Bishop Williams, Dave and Glenda Lee 
Minion, St. Paul's, Cary, and a team of 
leaders as we celebrate youth ministry in 
our church," Frances invites. This 
annual weekend is highlighted by a 
"ball" on Saturday evening and a relaxed 

weekend with friends and bishops. 

Further information about all of the 
above events may be obtained from 
Frances Payne, P.O. Box 61447, 
Durham, N.C. 27715, or by calling (919) 

Vocare planning retreat 

The first Vocare weekend for the 
Diocese of North Carolina will be held 
Friday, Nov. 15, through Sunday, Nov. 
17, at Mount Shepherd Camp in 
Asheboro. Vocare is a young adult 
ministry new to the diocese. Persons 
interested in attending may contact Rick 
Hardy at (919) 859-5966 or Glenda Lee 
Minion at (919) 380-7815. If you have 
attended a Cursillo weekend and would 
like to serve on this first team, call or 
write Vocare, P.O. Box 1976, Cary, N.C. 

Aging parents topic of 
Charlotte workshop 

"You and Your Aging Parents" is a 
conference scheduled for Saturday, Oct. 
5, at Christ Church, 1412 Providence 
Road, in Charlotte. 

Leading the conference will be Dr. 
Barbara Silverstone, author of the book 
You and Your Aging Parents, now in its 
3rd edition. Her research and publica- 
tions explore the challenges facing adult 
children who want to help elderly 
parents or relatives lead lives of indepen- 
dence and dignity-but also must meet 
career and family responsibilities of their 

Sponsored in part by Christ Church 
and the Episcopal Diocese, the confer- 
ence will include discussion of such 
topics as "Aging Parents, Whose 
Responsibility?," "Catastrophic Illness 
in the Family," "Coping with 
Dementia," "Understanding Behavior 
Changes," "Parent/Child Changing 
Relationships," and "Services and 

Registration arrangements may be 
made through Charlotte Mecklenburg 
Senior Centers, 1201 Dil worth Rd., 
Charlotte, N.C. 28203. 

participating in the state's Adopt-a- 
Highway program, in which parishioners 
volunteer to keep clean a section of their 
community's public roads. The Rev. 
Catherine Ravenel Powell is vicar at 

* * * 

"Prayers for a faith," a poem translated 
from the French by Deacon Patsy H. 
Walters of Charlotte, was published in 
the September issue of Diakoneo, 
newsletter of the North American 
Association for the Diaconate. Walters 
and Deacon Kermit Bailey of Greens- 
boro attended the biennial North Ameri- 
can Association for the Diaconate 
conference held June 13-15 in Spokane, 
Washington. Emphasis at the confer- 
ence, they report, was on the collabora- 
tive ministry of all baptized persons. 

* * * 

All Saints' Parish, Concord, has 
nominated George Viola, confirmed on 
October 3, 1926, at the age of 15, as the 
senior confirmand in the Diocese of 
North Carolina. Mr. Viola was con- 
firmed by Bishop Penick. 

* * * 

The Rev. Robert Walker Orvis, 80, a 

retired priest residing in Charlotte, died 
March 22, 1991. 

* * * 

Michelle Francis, former archivist for 

this diocese, has moved to Asheville and 
works in nearby Montreat as deputy 
director of the regional office of the 
Department of History of the Presbyte- 
rian Church (USA), an archive, museum, 
and library complex. 

Congratulations to Bishop and Mrs. 
Estill on the birth of a granddaughter, 
Sarah Mason Estill, born Aug. 29. She 
is the daughter of Robert W. Estill Jr. 
and his wife Cindy of Fort Worth, Tex. 

Diocesan House staff notes 

Letty J. Magdanz, business administra- 
tor and treasurer of the diocese, received 
her M.B.A. degree in May at Meredith 
College. She was recently elected to the 
board of the Conference of Diocesan 
Executives, a national organization for 
lay and clergy diocesan executives, and 
she was appointed by the national 
Church to chair a committee to review 
and rewrite the Manual of Accounting 
for the Episcopal Church. She also 
serves on a national committee to 
rewrite the parochial report. 

The Rev. E. T. Malone Jr., editor of 
The Communicant, spoke on "Scottish 
Themes in North Carolina Literature" at 
the Scottish Heritage Symposium in 
Fayetteville this month. 

Presiding Bishop's Fund to 


The Presiding Bishop's Fund for World Relief is intended as the 
ministry of every Episcopalian. Yet not all Episcopalians are 
familiar with this vital outreach arm of our church; many have 
never heard of the Fund. 

This fall, every Episcopalian who attends church will be given a 
chance to learn about the Fund and to contribute to its ministry. 
This is a first. The Annual Appeal of the Presiding Bishop's Fund 
for World Relief will be inaugurated in September 1991, in the 
following manner: 

Boxes of materials containing brochures telling the story of the 
Fund and explaining how it functions will arrive at every parish 
after Labor Day. They will include a summary of the grants given 
by the Fund in 1990 and envelopes for individual contributions. 
The suggested level of giving by every Episcopalian is $20.00. 
These packets will be available on three consecutive Sundays with 
the ingathering on the third Sunday. 

They come to every parish with the 

blessings of the Presiding Bishop, the 

support of thelocal dioceses, the backing 

of the Board of Directors of the Fund, and 

with the hopes of the millions of people throughout 

the world who will benefit from the ministry of the Fund 


Divisive issues force General Convention 
to grapple with the meaning of community 

By Jeffrey Penn and James Solheim 

A caravan of 1,100 deputies and bishops 
from 121 dioceses, attending the 70th 
General Convention of the Episcopal 
Church, journeyed into a legislative 
wilderness and attempted to set the course 
of the church for the next three years and 
beyond. Sometimes the temperature of 
the debate inside the Phoenix Civic Plaza 
during the 10-day meeting matched the 
sizzling heat outside -- particularly as the 
church turned to sexuality issues. 

Many came to Phoenix with suitcases 
filled with frustration and fear that the 
church was coming apart at the scams. 
Others recognized the deep divisions, but 
felt confident that God would lead the 
people out of the desert. Some came 
prepared to push the racism issue and 
protest holding the convention in a state 
without a paid holiday honoring Martin 
Luther King Jr. Others were excited that 
the church was ready to lend its moral 
energy to the environmental movement. 

Special interest groups in the church 
had threatened to scatter from Phoenix 
like wandering nomads if their expecta- 
tions were not met. Would the church 
fragment into lost tribes, or stay together 
as a community even if the promised land 
were nowhere in sight? 

In that complicated mix of fears and 
hopes, deputies and bishops would endure 
a messy legislative process poorly 
equipped to handle a crushing agenda of 
concerns - too much of it eventually 
brushed aside as the convention lurched 
toward a conclusion. 

In his sermon at the opening service, 
Presiding Bishop Edmond L. Browning 
said he anticipated an angry and noisy 
convention but added that was a sign of 
health. "Do not make the mistake of 
thinking that the presence of anger here in 
this meeting is a sign that the church is in 
danger. The presence of anger is a sign 
that the church is alive," and the noise 
will be "the noise of growth." He said the 
convention would reveal the church "in 
all its glory and with every last one of its 
warts," and that the convention would 
move through the huge volume of 
legislation "like an elephant in ballet 

Sexuality issue 

Like a desert storm that appears from 
nowhere, the sexuality issue burst into the 
General Convention on the second day. 
A sharp exchange between two bishops 
threatened the House of Bishops' ability 
to withstand the gathering storm of 
controversy expected on sexuality issues. 

It took an unprecedented six closed- 
door, executive sessions to produce a 
climate in which the bishops could deal 
with the issues. "It was critical that we did 
this," said Bishop Christopher Epting of 
Iowa. "This church was in a crisis in the 
first days of this convention." 

"We are trying to clear the air, to debate 
the issues before us," said Presiding 
Bishop Edmond L. Browning - to deal 
with the anger, confusion, and frustration 
"we have had with one another over the 
past couple of years." 

Although there were forecasts that an 
open hearing on sexuality could disrupt the 
convention, many of the 3,000 people 
assembled left with the sense that it had 
been a productive and informative meet- 
ing. "When people talk together you never 
know the outcome," said Bishop Otis 
Charles, dean of Episcopal Divinity 
School. "The people speaking were 
sharing what was deep and important to 
them in their lives. My hope is that out of 

Navajo Alfred Yazzie intones 
blessing as Bishop Stephen 
Plummer of Navajoland observes. 

the convention we can hold the whole 

Faced with the clear option of leaving 
the ordination of noncelibate homosexu- 
als to local dioceses, or of writing a 
canon law prohibiting sexual expression 
outside of Holy Matrimony, the conven- 
tion chose neither. 

Although the storm never completely 
dissipated during the 10-day convention, 
the clouds broke long enough to adopt a 
compromise that: 

• affirms the church's traditional 
teaching on marriage, 

• acknowledges the "discontinuity" 
between the church's teaching and the 
experience of some of its members, 

• confesses the inability of church 

leaders to reach a definitive conclusion, 

• calls for continued study on the local 
level and a "pastoral teaching" by the 
bishops with input from clergy and laity 
at the grass-roots level. 

The compromise emerged from the 
House of Bishops Committee on Ministry 
and was amended by the House of 

Reactions to the compromise clearly 
indicated that the issue was far from 
settled. Bishop Clarence Pope of Fort 
Worth, president of the Episcopal Synod 
of America, a traditionalist group, called 
the compromise "a positive sign" by 
affirming traditional sexual morality. 
"That's the only real positive-that it 
affirms traditional belief," Pope added. 
"It doesn't stop the problem of continuing 
ordination of practicing homosexuals. It 
has no teeth in it." 

Bishop William Frey, dean of Trinity 
Episcopal School for the Ministry, who 
proposed the canon, said that he does not 
view the compromise as either a victory 
or defeat for either conservative or liberal 
elements of the church. "I don't think 
we've lost any ground," Frey said. 
"We've simply exposed to public view a 
fact many people have suspected-that the 
leadership of the church is, at present, 
incapable of giving leadership in this 
particular area." 

On the other hand, Bishop Frederick 
Borsch of Los Angeles defended the 
compromise resolution, saying, 'The 
bishops weren't wimping out with this 
resolution. You saw a house with 
different minds on the issue strike out 
with integrity. In the long run the debates 
have helped people see that here's a 
church that wants to love with mind along 
with heart, to really-in a thoughtful and 
prayerful way-look at the great issues of 
our time, such as sexuality." 

Lingering concern about racism 

Another storm cloud gathering on the eve 
of the convention was the church's 
willingness to address its own racism. 
Many deputies and bishops arrived with 
lingering doubts about the wisdom of 
meeting in a state without a paid holiday 
honoring slain civil rights leader Martin 
Luther King Jr. 

As they gathered in the first legislative 
sessions in both houses, a substantial 
number of bishops and deputies declared 
that they were "present under protest." In 
an effort to address the anger and frustra- 
tion, the entire convention participated in 
a racism audit-"an institutional CAT 
scan," according to Diane Porter, interim 
executive of the church's Office of 

Advocacy, Witness, and Justice Ministries, 
and staff liaison to the Standing Commis- 
sion on Racism. Porter said that the 58- 
question audit was designed to sensitize 
participants to both personal and institu- 
tional racism, and to serve as a data 
baseline for church programming for the 
next 20 years. 

"We have lots of perceptions, but we 
don't have actual facts," said Porter. The 
Rev. Harry Nevels Jr., a deputy from 
Ohio, said the church's growing aware- 
ness of its cultural and ethnic diversity is 
relatively new. The purpose of the audit 
and the church's other efforts, he said, is 
"to develop a common ground on which 
to talk" since "we are talking about 
different cultural expressions of a truth." 

In a presentation of the audit's results, 
Dr. Lennox Joseph, a consultant who 
helped to design the audit, said that the 
results indicated "a clear mandate that the 
church must press on with its work on 
racism. There is a clear signal from the 
Episcopal Church that new programs 
should be developed to encourage the 
explicit recognition and appreciation of 
racial differences within the church," he 

Porter contends that the results of the 
audit "portend an openness to change and 
a willingness to engage this issue seri- 
ously." She added that the audit demon- 
strates "that the church is ready to get on 
with being an inclusive community." 

In responding to the results, the 
presiding bishop said he would do all in 
his power to assure that the church take 
racism seriously and "combat institutional 
racism at every level." 

The Rev. Joseph Pelham of Massachu- 
setts agreed that church leaders must now 
"pin down the accountability question." 
Pelham, speaking for The Consultation, 
an umbrella for 20 social activist groups, 
said that there is "a difference between 
good intentions and solid actions." 

Bishop Herbert Thompson of Southern 
Ohio expressed his disappointment that a 
convention dedicated to issues of racism 
left so many resolutions until the closing 
hours. "Such delayed attention is 
inconsistent with what we've said," he 
said. "What we do here is what is 

Although not all the resolutions on 
racism were dealt with in the crush of the 
legislative process, several emerged that 
will have long-range effects on the 
church. One resolution, for example, 
dedicated the Episcopal church to spend 
the next nine years "addressing institu- 
tional racism inside our church and in 
society." Another urged each diocese and 
local congregation to conduct a similar 


Sexuality open hearing draws nearly 3,000 

An open hearing on sexuality, the most explosive issue at the General 
Convention in Phoenix, drew almost 3,000 people who listened 

attentively to about 40 speakers representing the broad spectrum of 
views on the issue. 

racism audit. And another urged each 
diocese to establish a commission or 
committee on racism. 

Perhaps the most tangible decision 
around the issue of racism was the 
establishment of the Martin Luther King 
Jr. Legacy Scholarship Fund. The fund 
will provide scholarships for ethnic 
minority students. 

Native American presence 

The original intent to lift up the presence 
of Native American ministry in the 
Episcopal Church was almost lost in the 
storm of controversy over the choice of 
Phoenix as the site for the convention. 
Bishop Steven Plummer of the 
Navajoland Area Mission reminded the 
convention that Native Americans share 
with other Christians the same spirit, a 
belief that "the earth is our mother and 
the heaven is our father." 

In the opening Eucharist of the 
convention, Navajo chant prayer blessed 
the huge worship space and spawned a 
vision of reconciliation that would be 

woven throughout the entire convention. 

During the daily Eucharists, deputies 
and bishops seated at 300 round tables 
served one another from newly designed 
ceramic chalices and patens made by 
Navajo craftspeople. The altar cloth and 
vestments incorporated a variety of 
traditional symbols. Banners of white, 
yellow, blue, and black-traditional 
Native American colors for the points of 
the compass-decked the walls of the 
worship area. Participants were assigned 
to tables at random by computer, in what 
the Rev. Charles Cesaretti, project 
coordinator, called "an attempt to build 
another community here, gathered around 
bread, wine, and Scripture." 

In a centerpiece worship service on 
Saturday, a "holy ground ceremony" 
brought together representatives of 20 
tribes who mixed soils from the home- 
lands symbolizing the mixing of two 
cultures, "to become a new creation of 
strength, wisdom, hope, and joy," in the 
words of Bishop Steven Charleston, a 
Choctaw who is the new bishop of 


A litany of pain 

Following the traditional Native Ameri- 
can invocation that addressed the four 
compass points, several participants bore 
witness to the pain of the 500-year 
encounter with European culture and 
offered prayers for reconciliation. 
Several recited a sobering litany of 
massacre, slavery, eviction, and assimila- 
tion, but dispelled the assumption that 
Indians are a vanished people. 

In one of the more dramatic moments 
in the service, nearly 80 Native Ameri- 
cans, slow-stepping to the rhythm of the 
Lakota drum team, Morning Star, circled 
the altar platform. A Native American 
youth led the processional carrying a staff 
bearing a medicine wheel hoop. The 
hoop is significant to Indian Christians, 
explained the Rev. Mark MacDonald, one 
of the ceremony's coordinators, because 
it is both a cross and a circle. A cross 
splits the hoop's interior into four sections 
which, he said, can represent to Native 

Americans the four ages of life, the four 
virtues (wisdom, courage, honesty, and 
bravery), or the four elements (earth, 
wind, water, and fire). 

In a period of intercession, the presid- 
ing bishop and Rosebud Sioux Martin 
Brokenleg read prayers that used the 
circle as a motif. "Let us remember that 
everything an Indian does is in a circle, 
and that is because the Great Spirit 
always works in circles, and everything 
tries to be round," read Brokenleg. "In 
the old days it was believed that all power 
came to the Indian from the sacred hoop 
of the nation and tribe, and so long as the 
hoop was unbroken the people flour- 

But the hoop has been broken, read 
Browning, "broken by hurts, wars, 
massacres, discrimination, and racial 
jokes; by stereotypes and mean words and 
suspicious stares.. .Now is the time to say 
'I'm sorry' to each other and to our 
Creator and again make our hoop, our 
circle, strong." 

(Continued on page 6) 


Divisive issues 

(Continued from page 5) 

Church embraces 
en vironmentalism 

With a group of Lakota and Navajo 
young people singing "On Eagles' 
Wings," a setting of Psalm 91, the House 
of Deputies Committee on the Environ- 
ment introduced a package of resolu- 
tions, including measures establishing a 
national Environmental Stewardship 
Team and opposing oil drilling in the 
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. 

Committee chair Joyce McConncll of 
Olympia told the deputies the joint 
committees of both houses heard five 
main messages in the testimony they 
received at the open hearing. 

• "Don't put the responsibility on 
someone else's desk" — meaning the 
whole church must be involved in caring 
lor the environment. 

• "Don't try to develop a theological 
statement at General Convention" - 
leave it to the wider church — a lesson 
that likely grew out of confrontations at 
the open hearings and elsewhere over the 
orthodoxy of the doctrine of 
panentheism, the idea that God is present 
in all creation. Some believe that 
doctrine is uncomfortably close to 
pantheism, the concept that God and 
creation arc one. 

• "Get a structure in place" to deal 
with environmental issues. 

• "Don't bring a mishmash of 
resolutions to the floor" - act on "one 
good one." 

• "Use the expertise and gifts" of 
Episcopalians who care about the 

Environmental solutions must be 
rooted in biblical tradition 

In a major address at the open hearing. 
Archbishop Michael Peers of the 
Anglican Church of Canada warned the 
Episcopal Church not to get bogged 
down in the "luxury of correcting each 
other's theology while the planet 
continues to die." 

Peers emphasized that the crisis in the 
world's biosphere isn't merely one of 
scientific or technological import, but a 
spiritual crisis as well, a religious 
problem with its roots in "human 
sinfulness. ..rebellion against God as 
source and mystery of all created life." 
Pointing to the merits of various ap- 
proaches to the problem, from feminist 
theology to aboriginal traditions, Peers 
warned against falling into two of what 
he called "opposite temptations" in the 
debate on the environment. One is stark 
utilitarianism, viewing the earth as a 
resource to be exploited; the other is 
a "romantic cult of nature" that seeks 
to turn the world into a "global wilder- 
ness park." Neither, says Peers, is 
consistent with Christian faith rooted in 

the biblical tradition. 

The convention adopted what 
McConnell described as "the beginning 
of teamwork" for education, advocacy, 
and action in the church on the environ- 
ment: the creation of an Environmental 
Stewardship Team, a 14-member 
"interdisciplinary, multicultural" group 
selected by the presiding bishop and the 
president of the House of Deputies 
from each province of the church. 
Funded by a $100,000 line item in the 
program budget, the team will report to 
the Executive Council during the next 
three years and to the General Conven- 
tion in 1994. 

Laundry list of issues 

In the midst of debates on major issues, 
the convention attempted to address a 
laundry list of national and international 
issues. Among the major domestic 
issues were abortion, medical ethics, 
domestic violence, economic justice, 
and aging. 

On some issues the two houses 
clearly diverged. The House of Deputies 
supported exploration of peaceful uses of 
nuclear power as a way to "protect the 
environment, reduce dependence on 
foreign powers, and assure the quality of 
American life." Bishops, on the other 
hand, rejected the resolution out of a 
concern for the radioactive waste created 
by the nuclear industry. 

Attempts to expand the church's 
1988 statement on abortion bounced 
back and forth between the two houses. 
A strong resolution by the deputies 
opposed any governmental restriction on 
"the right of a woman to reach informed 
decision about termination of preg- 
nancy." At the conclusion of conven- 
tion, bishops failed to concur with the 
resolution. However, both houses 
approved a resolution opposing laws 
requiring parental notification for minors 
seeking abortions. 

In a direct outgrowth of the 
emphasis on the economic justice 
inaugurated at the 1988 General Con- 
vention, both houses concurred to 
establish an independent National 
Episcopal Housing Coiporation. 

Among the international issues 
creating the most heat were attempts to 
commend or condemn the Bush 
Administration's Persian Gulf policy. 
Ultimately, resolutions praising Bush 
and U.S. military leadership during the 
crisis were shot down. 

Resolutions on the Middle East that 
supported the rights of the Palestinians 
and criticized Israeli policy stirred strong 
reactions and drew sharp criticism from 
a representative of the American Jewish 
Committee (AJC). After the General 
Convention declared its support for an 
international peace conference to resolve 
the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Rabbi 
Robert Kravitz of the AJC delivered a 
stinging rebuke, expressing "keen 
disappointment with the tone, substance, 

and the timing of the major Middle East 
resolutions and their lack of fairness." 

In declaring its support for the Church 
of the Province of South Africa, the 
General Convention endorsed compre- 
hensive sanctions against the govern- 
ment of South Africa. The convention 
also urged the U.S. government to press 
for a negotiated settlement that would 
bring an end to the present violence in 
South Africa caused by political and 
factional fighting. 

Internal issues 

While demonstrating its eagerness to 
deal with weighty national and interna- 
tional issues, the convention dealt with 
internal issues that help shape the life 
and ministry of the church. For ex- 
ample, it declined to repeal the so-called 
"Episcopal Visitors" resolution, adopted 
in 1988, that provides episcopal over- 
sight to parishes that oppose the ordina- 
tion of women to the priesthood. 

The House of Bishops rejected an 
attempt to deny the vote to retired 
bishops. The convention also passed 
far-reaching legislation affecting 
pensions for lay employees at all levels 
of the church. 

After several days of parliamentary 
maneuvering, the House of Bishops 
rejected a canonical proposal granting 
equal access to the ordination process. 

The convention approved a resolution 
requesting that the Council for the 
Development of Ministry and the 

number of bishops required to call for the 
ecclesiastical trial of a bishop for 
teaching doctrine contrary to that of the 
Episcopal Church. The new canon will 
require one-quarter of the active bishops 
in the church rather than two-thirds-or 
nearly 75 bishops rather than nearly 200, 
in the current house. 

Censure attempt stirs debate 

In the final hours of the legislative 
sessions, there were clear reminders that 
many of the most explosive issues of this 
General Convention would continue to 
threaten the peace of the church until the 
1994 convention in Indianapolis. 

The House of Bishops was drawn into 
an attempt to censure two bishops- 
Ronald Haines of Washington (D.C.) 
and Walter Righter, former assisting 
bishop in Newark~for recent ordinations 
of noncelibate homosexuals. The 
resolution, proposed by retired Bishop 
Gerald McAllister of Oklahoma, stirred 
a whirlwind of controversy over collegi- 
ality and the responsibility of bishops to 
each other. 

McAllister warned that the issue 
was "one of ordering the household 
of faith." He said failure to censure 
would "destroy the fabric of our commu- 
nity life." 

In the end a majority of bishops 
disagreed with McAllister and passed a 
resolution that expressed the mind of the 
House of Bishops, recognizing "the pain 
and damage to the collegiality and 

Richard Morrisroe displays memorabilia of Jonathan Daniels, slain civil 
rights worker who was added to list of persons the Church 

Standing Liturgical Commission study 
the concept of "direct ordination" and 
report to the next General Convention. 
If the concept is approved, candidates 
could be ordained direcUy to the orders 
of priest or bishop without an intermedi- 
ate ordination to the diaconate. 

Deputies and bishops also concurred 
on a canonical change decreasing the 

credibility of this house and to parts of 
the whole church when individual 
bishops and dioceses ordain sexually 
active gay and lesbian persons in the 
face of repeated statements of this House 
of Bishops and the General Convention 
against such ordinations." 

Episcopal News Service 



News of the Anglican Communion 

New medical clinics 
underway in Tanzania 

Arusha, Tanzania -The vision of Bishop 
Alpha Mohamed is now being fulfilled in 
the Diocese of Mt. Kilimanjaro. Having 
just opened the new medical dispensary 
in Lucy Estate, the diocese with assis- 
tance from African Team Ministries, a 
member of the Episcopal Council for 
Global Mission, is already breaking 
ground for another one in Munguishi, 
Tanzania. This will be the second 
medical facility in a planned network of 
10 to be located throughout Northern 
Tanzania in response to the country's 
overwhelming need for medical care. 

Construction for the new dispensary 
began at the end of August, following 
the consecration of the new bishop, 
the Rt. Rev. Simon Makundi on 
August 18. The Diocese of Mt. 
Kilimanjaro has a total population of 
two million people, of which a million 
and a half people receive no medical 
treatment of any kind. 

Water-born diseases continually 
plague Northern Tanzania's more than 
200,000 nomadic tribesmen. Com- 
pounding this tragedy is a high rate of 
infant mortality, driven mostly by 
diarrhea, the chief killer of children 
under the age of 5. African Team 
Ministries and the Diocese of Mt. 
Kilimanjaro are working together for the 
expansion of the medical program and 

the drilling of water wells which will 
benefit one million people. 

Eight more medical dispensaries and 
the building of a medical center are 
planned as part of the Northern Tanzania 
Medical and Health Care Project. The 
expanded medical clinic in Arusha will 
serve as the hub with the 10 dispensaries 
acting as the spokes to distribute medical 
attention. As part of the program, 
community health workers from 100 
villages will be trained in personal 
hygiene, immunization, and preventative 
medicine so that they can then educate 
their fellow villagers. 

Bishop Mohamed, who addressed the 
Diocese of North Carolina's annual 
convention in January at Durham, has 
recently been elected bishop in the 
newly formed diocese of Rift Valley in 
Central Tanzania, where he was born. 

Episcopal Council for Global Mission 

Toronto bishop fires 
homosexual priest 

Toronto, Canada-A Unionville priest 
who would not end his relationship with 
his homosexual lover has been fired by 
the bishop of Toronto. 

Bishop Terry Finlay withdrew the 
license of die Rev. James Ferry of St. 
Philip's-on-the-Hill Anglican Church 
after Mr. Ferry refused to end his 
relationship with another man. 

The action has sparked protests from 

Sir Paul Reeves 'handed over' 

In a colorful service at Trinity Church, New York, Sir Paul Reeves, in feather cloak, was 
"handed over" to his new position as Anglican Consultative Council representative to 
the United Nations and Assisting Bishop in the Diocese of New York. From left are 
Bishop Whakahuihui Vercoe of New Zealand, Reeves, the Rev. Daniel Matthews, 
rector of Trinity Church, and Professor Whatarangi Winiata, finance officer of the 
Diocese of Aotearoa, New Zealand. 

Integrity Toronto, an organization of gay 
and lesbian Anglicans and friends, which 
called the firing "scandalous." The 
bishop cited national church policy as 
having forced him to take disciplinary 
action against the priest. 

Anglican Journal 

Canadian diocese ordains 
first woman to priesthood 

Fredericton, CANADA-Bishop of 
Fredericton George Lemmon has 
ordained the first woman priest in the 

history of the diocese. 

The Rev. Patricia Brittain, ordained a 
deacon last year, was priested in June at 
Christ Church Cathedral in Fredericton. 
Ms. Brittain, who obtained her degree in 
divinity from the Atlantic School of 
Theology in Halifax last year, is assis- 
tant curate at St. Luke's Anglican 
Church in St. John. 

The ordination of women has been 
controversial in Fredericton, but there 
was no protest. 

Anglican Journal 

Asked at the church door 

Unity undergirds our Anglican diversity 

Although this column has not received 
an appropriate question, the following 
quotation seems fitting to our recent 
convention experiences. The quotation 
comes from a one-time ordained 
member of this diocese, the Rev. 
William C. Cox. 

The Anglican Communion, including 
our own Episcopal Church, recognizes 
the fact that people naturally differ; and 
it makes room within the Church for 
different tastes and different opinions. 
The one thing it asks of all is that they 
be loyal to The Book of Common 
Prayer. Within that common loyalty 
there are diversities which puzzle mere 
onlookers; yet in that very diversity 
there is a unity which surpasses any 
purely external uniformity, for it rests 
upon the well known principle: -"In 
essentials unity, in non-essentials liberty, 
in all things charity." 

Fr. William Cox wrote the quotation 
printed above in 1944. We might phrase 
his thoughts differendy, but we cannot 

contradict him. The truth of his words 
has been maintained since 1549, even as 
revisions have been authorized. Episco- 
palians worship in a disciplined way, 
following the rites established by our 
national church. Yet local customs vary 
within that discipline. 

The Liturgical Commission acknowl- 
edges and commends that diversity 
throughout the Diocese. Still, we are 
concerned that freedom for local custom 
not supersede the rubrics. The General 
Convention established our current Book 
of Common Prayer. It allows for more 
local options than previous editions. But 
it places limits, too, which are part of 
our corporate discipline. 

A related example is found in 1 
Corinthians, Chapter 8. Our freedom, 
though theologically absolute, is subject 
to our commitment to the community of 
believers. As Paul puts it: "But be 
careful that this liberty of yours does not 
become a pitfall for the weak." 
(1 Cor. 8:9; REB). 

Why don't we use the good old King 
James Bible anymore? 

Most churches today use the King 
James Version (KJV) sparingly, if at 
all, because it is often difficult to 
comprehend. The cadences and syntax 
used in the KJV sound more biblical to 
us but their unfamiliarity also keeps 
many people at a distance from scrip- 
tural truth. In addition, words have 
changed in their meanings and contexts 
since 1611. 

The Episcopal Church in convention 
has authorized many different transla- 
tions for use in corporate worship: the 
King James Version (sometimes also 
called "the Authorized Version"), 
American Standard Version, Revised 
Standard Version, Jerusalem Bible, New 
English Bible, Good News Bible 
(sometimes called "Today's English 
Version"), New American Bible, R. S. 
V. Common Bible, New International 
Version, and the New Jerusalem Bible. 
This year's General Convention also 

authorized the use of the Revised 
English Bible and the New Revised 
Standard Version. 

All of these translations have their 
good and their bad points. Each parish 
must decide which of these translations 
to use in its worship. Some parishes use 
a variety; some use the same translation 
every week. 

There are two main questions to ask 
in determining what translation to use: 
Which translations are clear for being 
read out loud? Which of the clearer 
versions appears to be the most accurate 
translation of the original text? (General 
Convention considers all the authorized 
versions to be reasonably accurate. 
Scholars disagree on which is "most" 

"Asked at the Church Door" is a column 
prepared by members of the Diocese of 
North Carolina's Liturgical Commission. 



■ w n wwi 

Migrant children flourish at center 

(Continued from page I) 

immigration problems, and assistance in 

many other areas. 

But the dedicated people responsible 
for this ministry wanted to do more. - 
They wanted to provide a safe and 
nurturing daytime environment for 
young migrant children. So they prayed 
and planned and worked, and this 
summer they opened St. Martin's, in a 
new building in front of the Ministry's 

Each weekday 24 children come 
here, from infants through age five (and 
the center hopes to have additional 
space next spring to serve more chil- 
dren). The babies are cared for in a 
small, sunny nursery. The other 
children spend the day in a large bright 
room with a cathedral ceiling, windows 
on three sides, and shelves filled with 

Joyce, an aide, holds Maribel 

books and toys. An average day for 
them includes free play, teacher 
initiated educational play, time outdoors 
in the center's playground, and ruiplime. 
They eat three hot, nutritious meals- 
breakfast, lunch, and supper-plus a 
healthy snack in the afternoon. Twelve 
teachers and teachers-aides provide 
constant loving care and guidance. In 
the first three months of the program, 
the children showed astounding devel- 

"We had a child who came here at 
the age of five months who could not 
even accomplish newborn tasks," says 
Sheila Pederscn, the education coordina- 
tor for St. Martin's. "We were con- 
cerned that she might be deaf or 
neurologically impaired. But we 
worked and worked with her, spent 
hours and hours one-on-onc with her, 
and one month laster she had progressed 
up to par, to 6-month-old-tasks. Her 
problem was simply a lack of individual 
stimulation. She is fine now. And we 
are so grateful to see what she has 
achieved and to know that we have 

literally made the difference in her 
whole life." 

Progress is evident in other children 
too. Fifteen-month-old toddlers gath- 
ered around a little lavatory brushing 
their teeth. A two-year-old putting a bib 
on a younger child and carefully serving 
him a bowl of oatmeal for breakfast. 
Hispanic preschoolers becoming 
bilingual. Sheila says the parents are as 
excited about the progress as the staff. 

"When I visit parents, they will say 
things like N My child is speaking English 
to me! My child tells me to say please 
and thank you!' So the parents are 
learning from the children. And they are 
so happy about their children's achieve- 

Credit for those achievements belongs 
to the highly qualified teachers and staff. 
They are part of the miracle of St. 
Martin's- -the gathering of exceptional 
professionals to this remote and rural 
spot. Martha Hanover, vice-president 
and treasurer of the Episcopal 
Farmworker Ministry, says, "God is 
definitely at work in this project because 
the right people have come along at the 
right time. When we needed to raise 
money for St. Martin's, St. Paul's 
Episcopal Church in Cary came to us 
and said/ Let us help you.' Then 
Katerina Whitley was there with her 
beautiful way with words to tell our 
story. And then these wonderful staff 
people came along for us to hire. It is a 
never ending source of amazement." 

Christine Alvarado, St. Martin's 
director, believes that a vital qualifica- 
tion of the staff is the time each has 
spent in Spanish-speaking countries. 
"It's not simply a matter of speaking 
Spanish because you studied it in 
school," she says. "If you don't under- 
stand the culture of the people you're 
serving, then you really can't do much to 
help them. Wc can relate to them on an 
equal level because wc have experienced 
their culture. They pick up on that and it 
makes them feel comfortable with us." 

Christine's experience includes two 
years with the Peace Corps in Honduras, 
working with a hospital and with a day 
care center for malnourished children. 
Sheila spent a year in Madrid, teaching 
and studying. Denise Luper, the health 
coordinator, lived in Brazil for 10 years. 
Martha Arando, social services and 
parent involvement coordinator, lived in 
Mexico and her husband is from Hondu- 
ras. Each one brings a special point of 
view, an empathy that touches parents as 
well as children. 

"We want the families to know this is 
their program," Sheila says. "We 
emphasize that the parents are the prime 
educators of their children. We don't 
want them to feel that they arc taking a 
backseat. We tell them that they have 
an open invitation to come here anytime, 

to volunteer at the center, to eat lunch, to 
observe. We're here for them." 

"At the same time," Christine adds, 
"we let them know that they have a 
responsibility too. They have an 
obligation to attend the parent commit- 
tee meetings once a month, to discuss 
and vote on such things as staff hiring, 
and consider other issues involved in the 

center founded on such principles should 
be named for St. Martin de Porres, a 
seventeenth century mulatto from Lima, 
Peru. At the age of 15, he so astounded 
the Dominican friars in his hometown 
with his piety and concern for the poor 
that they invited him to enter their order 
as a lay brother. That life suited Martin. 
Although his father was a Spanish 

Eric enjoys a festive occasion with friends at St. Martin's 

center's operation." 

The parents take that responsibility 
seriously. They meet on Sunday 
afternoons with Christine and Martha 
and other staff members. "We do a lot 
of talking!" Christine laughs. And they 
plan for the future. Right now, they are 
working on a party and raffle to raise 
money for the float they will have in this 
year's Mule Day Parade in Benson. 

Another part of the St. Martin's 
miracle is Amy Trester, the outreach 
worker for the Episcopal Farmworker 
Ministry since 1983. 

"There probably wouldn't be a day 
care program without Amy," says 
Christine. "She did so much legwork, 
distributing flyers, soliciting donations 
to get this building built and pushing for 
the Head Start involvement. She's an 
amazing person." 

Amy and all the staff at St. Martin's 
share a deep commitment to the His- 
panic migrants who come by the 
thousands to North Carolina every year. 
"You can't believe how hard they 
work," explains Sheila. "They are doing 
jobs that Americans won't do. That's 
why they arc here. They deserve our 
respect and admiration." 

And so it is fitting that a day care 

nobleman, he deliberately worked at the 
most meager tasks, caring for the poor 
and the sick who flocked to his monas- 
tery for his healing touch. He was 
known as a man who could be trusted, so 
he received thousands of dollars in 
donations which he immediately spent 
on food, clothing, medicine, and shelter 
for the poor. He built a hostel and 
school for abandoned children which 
still exists today, the Orphanage of the 
Holy Cross in Lima. 

The spirit that moved St. Martin is 
evident in the day care center that bears 
his name. "There is a joy here, of 
people doing whatever they do best for 
Christ," says Martha Hanover. "I've 
learned that Christianity is a chain, with 
Christ as the spearhead. Each of us is a 
link in that chain, and our job is to hold 
up our link by doing what we do best. 
It's astounding to discover the power we 
have for good when we work together. 
This project demonstrates the power of 
lay ministry. It's nothing less than a 

Gayle Lane Fitzgerald, formerly with 
CBS News in New York, is an indepen- 
dent writer and parishioner at the 
Church of the Good Shepherd, Raleigh. 


New books, religious and general 

A Manual for Lay Eucharistic 
Ministers in the Episcopal Church. 
By Elizabeth Wickenberg Ely. 
Wilton, Conn.: Morehouse- 
Barlow , 1991. 

This parish priest of the Diocese of North 
Carolina has offered an invaluable gift to 
her Church. Beth Ely's manual for lay 
eucharistic ministers is the first to draw 
together the historical background, 
theological foundation, canonical 
authority, and practical dimensions of 
this sacramental ministry within our 
Episcopal Church. 

We are indebted to her for filling 
that void that has plagued us since the 
1985 General Convention allowed lay 
people to take the sacrament immedi- 
ately after the Sunday Eucharist in 
church to ill and infirm members of their 
congregation. The Convention gave us 
the authority and framework for this 
special lay ministry, but we were not 
given much helpful direction to enable 
us to carry it out. Beth Ely has come to 
our rescue. But her volume requires a 
careful reading. It is not to be skimmed 
over lighdy. 

Ely gives us a fascinating and 
succinct introduction to the practice of 
lay Christians taking the consecrated 
elements home with them following the 
Sunday Eucharist in the early centuries 
of the Church. They would then receive 
communion during the week, and 
sometimes give the sacrament to the sick 
and dying. In succeeding centuries there 
was a growing concern in the hierarchy 
about the handling of the sacrament by 
the nonordained. But at the same time 
there was always provision and concern 
for the dying. 

The law of the Church always 
provided for exceptions, when special 
ministers (even the nonordained) could 
bring communion to those who would 
have died without it. As Ely makes 
clear, the Church's first thousand years 
found home reservation of the Eucharist 
and lay communion of the sick and 
dying acceptable, although not necessar- 
ily normative. The second thousand 
years have found such a ministry 
controlled, and indeed, curtailed. With 
the far reaching liturgical reforms of the 
1970's, the Roman Catholic Church 
reintroduced this important lay ministry. 
This recovery has paved the way for the 
Episcopal Church to discover how this 
vital ministry may be carried out 
consonant with our theology and 

What is a lay eucharistic minister? 
Ely responds to this question by looking 
at the nature of the Church as commu- 
nity, not institution. She sees the lay 
eucharistic ministry as essential in 
reinforcing this reality of Church as 
community. Lay eucharistic ministers 

(LEMs) are "an important pastoral and 
sacramental expression of that commu- 
nity," she says. The visits of LEMs 
represent to the sick and infirm that they, 
too, are parts of that community, the 
Body of Christ. And LEMs bring with 
them the Body and Blood of Christ, 
God's gifts for God's people. The visit 
of the LEM is not done in isolation for it 
reflects the whole community of faith. 
And, it may appropriately be asked, 
"What about the ordained clergy?" Are 

eating with one's priest about concerns 
arising from visits, and on to the critical 
matter of confidentiality. Lay eucharistic 
ministry is never lost in rubrics, canons, 
or details. Beth Ely always brings us full 
circle to exhort the LEM to prayer before, 
during, and after the visit. 

Several helpful appendices are 
included. One is an adaptation of 
the Standing Liturgical Commission 
rite according to language similar to 
that of the 1928 Prayer Book, which 

they to step back? Will they be dis- 
placed, or, even, replaced? Not so, says 
Ely. The ministry of LEMs is an 
expansion of the pastoral and sacramen- 
tal life and ministry of the Church. It is 
done in addition to that done by local 
deacons and priests. And not in lieu of. 
In larger parishes with one priest on 
staff, it is simply not possible to take the 
sacrament to all of the sick and infirm 
every week. The ministry of LEMs 
would make it possible for those 
members of the Body of Christ to 
receive the sacrament regularly between 
regular visits from the priest. 

In a brief chapter, Ely looks at the 
roots of the Eucharist, and the subse- 
quent development of eucharistic 
theology and piety through the centuries. 
She speaks clearly on a massive subject, 
and yet, does not attempt to say every- 
thing. This short chapter is worth the 
price of the manual. * 

As she deals with an actual visit of 
LEMs to the sick and homebound, Ely 
has a marvelous capacity to be precise, 
practical, and detailed. But in the midst 
of her concerns about jots and titdes, she 
never for a moment lets us forget the 
heart of this ministry: one of presence, 
healing and hope. These are what LEMs 
bring to those being fed with the 
sacramental gifts. She does not seem to 
have forgotten anything. She moves 
from the subject of pastoral sensitivity 
to helpful suggestions about communi- 

would perhaps be more appropriate for 
some of our older members. (Preparation 
and planning, and pastoral sensitivity, 

This small volume should be required 
reading for all lay eucharistic ministers, 
and it will be a superb instrument for the 
preparation and training of others for this 
ministry of the lay order. My fellow 
clergy will find it a most helpful, basic 
text for preparing persons for this 
ministry, and, I suspect, find it as well a 
challenging and powerful reminder of the 
privilege and responsibility of our 
ministry of bearing the Body of Christ to 

the sick, homebound, and dying. 

The Rev. Philip R. Byrum 
Rector, St. Timothy's , Wilson 
Chair, Commission on Liturgy 

is opportunity 
for teaching 

Bart Simpson Fever has been sweep- 
ing our country. Everywhere one looks, 
the adolescent cartoon character from 
"The Simpsons" television series is 
blazoned on T-shirts and lunch boxes. 

If Bart Simpson is the role model for 
many of our young people, then what is 
he teaching them? 

Bart shows very little respect to his 
parents. He prides himself on being the 
quintessential under-achiever. Many of 
our young people identify with these 

How we react to Bart himself may 
affect our children's attitudes. Forbiding 
them to watch this popular program may 
have an adverse effect; they will learn 
about Bart Simpson secondhand from 

Perhaps we could watch the program 
with our children and then discuss the 
issues raised. Why does Bart behave as 
he does? What do you think about 
Bart's parents? Is his behavior accept- 
able? Why, or why not? 

This may provide an opportunity to 
teach our children about the reciprocity 
of respect between young people and 
adults. We-not Bart Simpson-should be 
teaching our children. Unless we educate 
our children about their current heroes, 
we will not be perceived as our 
children's teachers. 

Let us use "Bart-mania" as an 
opportunity to share our young people's 
attitudes and values. Because if we don't 
then perhaps Bart Simpson will. 
Episcopal Teacher 

Morehouse publishing history of Episcopal Church 

Publication of A History of the Episcopal Church — the first general history of the 
Episcopal Church in 25 years — has just been announced by Morehouse Publishing. 
Author Robert Prichard's history reportedly includes many of the rapid changes in the 
past twenty-five years: the ordination of women, the Charismatic movement, the rise 
of the Hispanic membership, racial integration, the new Hymnal and Prayer Book. 

Professor Prichard teaches church history at the Protestant Episcopal Theological 
Seminary in Alexandria, Va., and has published two other books with Morehouse, 
Readings from the History of the Episcopal Church and The Bat and the Bishop. In 
this new history, church events are set against the background of social contexts, from 
early colonial times with its evolution from English Christianity and the Reformation 
through the Age of Reason and the Oxford Movement to today's growing pains and 
the Church's place in the world. The story of the Episcopal Church is compared with 
those of other denominations in light of the continuing ecumenical dialogues. 

Copies may be obtained at $29.95 each by calling Morehouse at its "800" number 
(1-800-877-0012) or by writing to P. O. Box 1321, Harrisburg, PA 17105. 

Editor's Note: A review of this book will be published in a future edition of 
The Communicant. 


Saint Mary's 


(Continued from page I) 

connection to the Episcopal Church. All 
the early presidents were clergy, and were 
referred to as "rector" of the school. The 
Rev. Mr. Smedes, in fact, inaugurated his 
new educational enterprise in a three- 
building campus formerly occupied by 
the Episcopal School of North Carolina, a 
boys' school that operated 1834-1838 but 
went bankrupt after an over-ambitious 
building program. 

"Parlor" seems hardly the right word 
for the huge, gracious, airy room with its 
high ceiling, venerable wooden floor, 
huge oil paintings in ornate frames, 
oriental rugs, and grand piano-nowadays 
the scene of evening concerts of chamber 
music, recitals, lectures, and friendly 
conversations. Figures of Saint Mary's, 
past and present, cohabit there, literally 
and figuratively. 

Presiding over all this 

Next door in East Rock building, con- 
structed in 1834, is the office of Saint 
Mary's president Dr. Clauston L. Jenkins 

East Rock, Dr. Jenkins is quick to 
inform the visitor, is the oldest college 
building in Raleigh. From within its two- 
lcct-thick stone walls he presides over a 
unique institution-the only Episcopal 
college for women in the United States. 

"If we went co-ed, we might as well 
close up the college tomorrow. We'd 
have nothing special to offer," he said. 
But, indeed, Saint Mary's has lots to 
offer. It provides a transition into the 
larger university setting, and it serves as a 
training ground for future leaders in the 
Episcopal Church, he maintains. 

Forming Church leadership 

Although less than one percent of North 
Carolinians arc Episcopalians, about a 
third of Saint Mary's students arc mem- 
bers of the Episcopal Church. In some 
years the proportion has approached 50 

"You cannot underestimate the effect of 
the Church-related atmosphere here," Dr. 
Jenkins continued. "Alumnae tell me that 
they arc active in the church because of 
their Saint Mary's experience-chapel and 
related activities. Even though they 
complained about them at the time, those 
activities had a lasting impact on their 
habits of mind and made them understand 
the concept of service to the Church; for 
many, it is because of Saint Mary's that 
they are participants now. This says 
something about the benefit of compul- 
sion," he joked. 

"It has something of a cumulative 
effect on them, and it was an important 
thing in their lives. Every year, even 
now, several girls are baptized and a 
number arc confirmed each year-past the 
normal age," he added. 

"We don't push the church on anybody. 
We stand back and show them the church 
and let them find it. o>. " Mary's has a 
high school department, eleventh and 
twelfth grades, and these students have 
chapel once a week. On Sunday we have 
regular Episcopal services. Once a month 
there is what we call all-campus chapel, 
which may be an honors chapel, or various 
things. College students must attend their 
weekly chapel service at least twice a 
month," he explained. 

Benefits for young women 

Dr. Jenkins a Raleigh native who left a 
position as university counsel at N. C. 
State University in 1986 to accept the 
Saint Mary's presidency, sketches a 
picture of the type of young woman whom 
he sees as benefiting most from the Saint 
Mary's experience of small classes, 
community spirit, and liberal arts 

"She will have been to a coed school. 
She will have scored in the general range 
of 800-1,000 on the Scholastic Aptitude 
Test (SAT), and perhaps be not as confi- 
dent of her academic abilities as she 
should be. She will be someone who can 
benefit from small classes and individual 
help. She benefits more if she enjoys 
participation in activities— this is a 
participatory community, that's what we 
encourage them to do. She will be 
someone who, for whatever reason, is not 
ready to take on the big university, who 
would be overwhelmed there-someone 
who needs more time to make the transi- 
tion," he argued. 

Help from local parishes 

"We would like to work with local 
Episcopal parishes to help identify 
prospective students, to visit them and to 
talk with parents about the future of their 
sixth, seventh graders. There is a myth 
that Saint Mary's is only for rich kids. We 
want to help parents plan for college 
without just being overwhelmed by it. I 
think that more people can afford Saint 
Mary's than think they can, by combining 
the aid that we can offer with careful 
planning. Our unique high school-college 
combination hasn't caught on in America, 
but devclopmentally it is very smart," he 

"We are educating the next generation 
of leadership in the Church, and it is in the 
Church's long-range interest to help us do 
that," Dr. Jenkins observed. 

NOTE: Future stories in this series will 
feature issues of recruitment, develop- 
ment, academic/campus life, and history of 
the college. 

E. T. Malone Jr. is editor of The 

Morning Prayer, Eucharist 
alternated in Rockingham 

In the July/August edition of The Commu- 
nicant in the "This & that, from all over" 
column, I read where a church in the 
eastern part of the Diocese in a recent 
survey had indicated that 92% of its 
parishioners did not prefer having the 
Holy Eucharist every Sunday. I don't 
think the survey was done in my parish, 
but it sure sounded like it could have 

In our church, some of us prefer the 
Holy Eucharist and others Morning 
Prayer. We have reached a compromise 
in our parish that has worked out beauti- 
fully for us. 

On the first and third Sundays of the 
month we have the full service of Holy 
Eucharist. On the second, fourth, and 
occasional months that have a fifth 
Sunday we have Morning Prayer. 

However, we still have Holy Eucharist 
after Morning Prayer for those who wish 
to receive, after the full Morning Prayer 
service. Those wishing to take Commun- 
ion are asked to remain in the church 
while whoever has altar guild duty sets up 
for Communion. Then our rector picks 
up the Holy Eucharist at the Great 
Thanksgiving and continues until the end 
of the service. This way, those of our 
parishioners who do not wish to stay for 
Communion may leave while the altar is 
being prepared by the altar guild member 
who has it for that Sunday. 

I have never really liked Morning 
Prayer and would prefer the Eucharist 
every Sunday, but I have been able to live 
with this compromise. Maybe the church 
that did the survey could still offer 
Communion the way we do on Morning 
Prayer Sundays. This compromise sure 
seems to have worked for us. 

Mary Virginia Morris 

Church of the Messiah 


National Altar Guild also 
met at Convention 

I read with interest the reports of the 
General Convention from the deputies, 
bishops, and ECW. Nowhere in the July/ 

August Communicant was any mention of 
the National Altar Guild Association. 
NAGA was meeting at the same time and 
considers that it is a part of the National 
Episcopal Church. 

Hanna Kitchen 

Directress of Altar Works 

Scotland Neck 

MICA conference called 
'transfusion of energy' 

"A much-appreciated transfusion of 
energy" was the way one participant 
described the recent MICA conference, 
"Little Ones to Him Belong." Nearly 40 
adults and six children gathered at 
Browns Summit Aug. 23 and 24 to 
explore ways in which the church could 
respond to the needs of children in North 

The conference was the third activity 
of the MICA (Maternal, Infant Child 
Advocacy) Committee of the Diocese. It 
followed the development of data about 
the needs of children within the Diocese, 
distributed as "pink sheets" at the Dioc- 
esan Convention in January and a survey 
of parish activities this past spring. 

In the coming months the MICA 
Committee would like to serve as a 
resource to parishes and missions who 
want to explore what they might do to 
serve children in their communities. 
Committee members are available as 
speakers for parishes and missions. Data 
developed for the recent conference, 
including the results of the survey of 
health departments and the survey of 
parishes and missions in the Diocese is 
also available upon request. A handbook, 
Child Advocacy in the Church, written by 
Kathleen Guy of the Children's Defense 
Fund, is available for $15. 

This is also an excellent time for 
anyone who wishes to join the MICA 
Committee to do so, as planning for the 
coming year begins. To request informa- 
tion or to volunteer, please contact Dr. 
Mary Lou Moore, Department of Obstet- 
rics and Gynecology, Bowman Gray 
School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, 
N.C. 27103, or telephone (919) 777-3181. 

Mary Lou Moore, M.D. 


The Rev. Richard M. Silbereis, who came from the Diocese of Los Angeles, became 
vicar at St. Clare's, Mint Hill, effective July 15. 

Coming from the Diocese of Pennsylvania to Durham, the Rev. Claudia W. 
Patterson assumed non-parochial status in this diocese, effective July 22. 

Leaving the diocese is the Rev. William Parker Marks, who has been serving as 
assistant to the rector, All Saints, Concord. He took on new duties at St. Michael's, 
Easley, S.C., effective August 1. 

The Rev. Joan P. Grimm, who has been serving as vicar at St. Clements, Clemmons, 
assumed non-parochial status in this diocese, effective September 1. 

New interim rector at Christ Church, Albemarle, is the Rev. Joseph A. Hayworth, 
effective September 22. His status has been non-parochial. 



Bishop's Letter 

Dear Friends: 

Our Sabbatical began with a visit to our 
newest grandchild, Sarah Mason Estill, in 
Texas. I was saddened by reading about 
the tragedy in Hamlet at the chicken 
processing company. But I was also 
thankful that our Christian Social Minis- 
tries Commission, with the leadership of 
the Rev. Jim Lewis and a grant from the 
Jessie Ball duPont Foundation, have been 
hard at work for nearly two years helping 
poultry workers in the state organize and 
address some of the problems in their 
work situations. Inadequate medical care 
and benefits, bad working conditions, 
and, now, the shocking realization of the 
lack of safety precautions, all call for 
increased efforts to set things right. I was 
also proud of our Presiding Bishop, who 
made $10,000 available from his Fund for 
World Relief, for assistance to the 
families of the workers in Hamlet. 

In August, I took a two-week course 
on landscape painting at the 
Southhampton Campus of Long Island 
University. That may seem far-fetched, 
but anyone who has painted knows that it 
is a spiritual experience. The painter 
becomes a co-creator, as the painting 
becomes an expression of the simple 
desire to understand the world we live in. 
"Then," as Matisse has said, "one must 
charge the work with human emotion." 

Especially in landscape painting, I found 
that you become a part of the space and 
the light, and you never see things quite 
the same way again. 

The rhythms of our Sabbatical have 
been worked out in order to balance 
study, travel, reflection, physical rest, 
and recreation. We are being careful 
not to be "on the go" all the time, though 
it is hard to be at home without 
becoming involved with things in the 
community and in the diocese. The 
whole thing would be impossible were it 
not for our excellent staff, Bishop 
Williams, the "Ecclesiastical Authority in 
my absence," and, especially, my 
secretary, Sara Jo Manning. 

I have made a study of the theologian- 
bishop Charles Gore one of my projects 
for this Sabbatical. I am drawn back to 
him because I am convinced that the 
contemporary Episcopal Church needs to 
rediscover and emphasize our Anglican 
heritage. Reading Gore's works will 
bring me back to Richard Hooker, the 
Caroline Divines, the Oxford Movement 
(Newman, Keble, and Pusey), and other 
shapers of Anglican theology like F. D. 
Maurice and William Temple. In Dale 
Coleman's collection of Michael 
Ramsey's The Anglican Spirit 
(Cowley Publications, 1991), Dr. Ramsey, 
points out that Anglican theologians 
have been laughed at (by other theolo- 

Bishop Estill visited Christ Church, Albemarle, on June 9 and afterward had 
dinner at the home of Deacon Marvin B. Aycock Jr. Among the guests were 
Bill and Helen Comber, parishioners at Christ Church, who were 
celebrating their 80th birthdays. 

gians) for doing their theology to the 
sound of church bells. He comments: 
Well, continue to do theology to the 
sound of church bells, for that is 
what Christian theology is all 
about, worshipping God the Savior 
through Jesus Christ in the 
theology of the apostolic age. 
In our times of rest and reflection and 
as we travel (during most of October and 

part of November) wc will never be very 
far from "the sounds of Church bells." 
Nor will wc be very far away in our 
thoughts and prayers from each of you. I 
hope you will keep us in yours. 

Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop's Letter 

Dear Friends, 

This is an exciting time of year for the 
people of the Church. I sometimes 
wonder how God can survive it all. 

All the activities that are starting up, 
with familiar programs and creative and 
innovative ones described in glowing 
terms in the fat parish newsletters arriving 
in the mail. The energy that is being 
spent in our localities is prodigious as 
people have planned and begin to carry 
forward the best hopes that they have 
dreamed together. 

The Annual Canvass soon to come. 
Will we make it this year? What new 
strategies should we use? 

At the Diocesan House and Confer- 
ence Center we see similar things, 
some of these too having to do with 
estimating needs and resources, and 
creatively trying to balance them in 
budgets that will be proposed and 
hopefully subscribed to by us all. And 
other things, like the Annual Clergy 
Conference and the youth weekends at 
Browns Summit. 

And with my own Sundays, now back 

on schedule with a couple of visitations 
each Sunday to remind me of what a 
bishop does to keep in touch, and that did 
not happen during July and August. 

Where did the summer go, anyhow? 
And where did the excitements of the 
General Convention go? It feels as if it 
never happened 

Until . . . we're reminded that it did, as 
we pay those bills from our holidays, and 
as we respond to interested questions 
from people who really want and need to 
understand what went on in Phoenix. 

Yes, it is an exciting time, now that 
God is back from His vacation. Also, in 
its own way, now must be an exciting 
time even for Bishop Estill who will 
return refreshed from his Sabbatical on 
December first. 

We may well wonder how God can 
survive it all. But you know, He does. 
He's excited about His work in us, and 
through our faithfulness together. 

Faithfully yours, 
Hunt Williams 

Suffragan Bishop's visitation schedule 

September 29 

St. Johns/Holy Trinity, Henderson 1 1:00 a.m. 

St. Augustine's Chapel, Raleigh, 3:00 p.m. 

October 6 

St. Stephen's, Erwin 10:30 a.m. 

St. Christopher's, Garner 2:00 p.m. 

October 13 

St. Johns, Williamsboro 1 1:00 a.m. 

St. Andrews, Greensboro 4:00 p.m. 

October 27 

St. Alban's, Davidson 10:00 a.m. 

St. Mark's, Hunterville 3:00 p.m. 

November 10 

All Saints, Roanoke Rapids 1 1:00 a.m. 

Duke Student Center, Durham 5:00 p.m. 

November 17 

Christ Church, Rocky Mount 1 1 :00 a.m. 

Trinity, Scotland Neck 3:00 p.m. 

November 24 

Grace Church, Weldon 11:15 a.m. 

St. Mark's, Halifax 2:00 p.m. 


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Vol. 82, No. 6 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

November/December 1991 

Poultry project has timely mission 

Deadly Hamlet fire focuses attention 
on plight ofN.C. poultry workers 

By E.T. Malone Jr. 

Workers await turn at clinic 

Poultry processing plant workers wait to be seen at a community 
health clinic sponsored by Helping Hands in Sanford in October. 

A reflection 

Vigil against the Death Penalty 

By Lucy Nunnally 

Raleigh-M 8:00 p.m. Oct. 17, the eve 
of the execution of Michael McDougall, 
an ecumenical Service of Worship 
sponsored by the North Carolina 
Council of Churches was held here in 
the Chapel of Pullen Memorial Baptist 
Church. Between 150 to 200 people 
gathered for the service which included 
a reading from Matthew: 5: 1-10, 43- 
46a, 48, followed by a time of silence 
for reflection. 

A moving litany, led by the Rev. John 
Hilpert of Pullen Memorial Baptist 
Church, served to put each of us in touch 
with the many instances of violence in 
history. It began with Hagar, Egyptian 

slave of Abraham and Sarah, and 
brought us up to the violence of the 
death of Diane Parker and the assault on 
Vicki Dunno at the hands of Michael 
McDougall and finally to the coming 
violence in the execution of Michael 

Members of the congregation gave 
their own prayers during the Prayers of 
the People, with many asking God's 
forgiveness for our part in the coming 
execution for which "we continue to bear 
responsibility while a law that allows it 
remains," as the Rev. Jimmy Creech, 
program associate for the N. C. Council 
of Churches said in the opening prayer. 

After sharing the Body and Blood of 

(Continued on page 7) 

Raleigh, Dec. 6-As Christmas 
approaches, the debate over health and 
safety issues concerning Tar Heel 
poultry processing workers has not 
slowed down, even though it has been 
three months since the Sept. 3 plant fire 
that killed 25 and injured 56 at Imperial 
Food Products in Hamlet. 

Caught up in the midst of all this is 
the Helping Hands Poultry Project, 
newly begun in 1991 by the diocesan 
Christian Social Ministries office in 
response to previously recognized 
unhealthy working conditions in the 
state's poultry processing plants. 

According to CSM director the Rev. 
Jim Lewis, the Helping Hands project 
was the idea of a 1990 study task force. 
The group applied for and received a 
$150,000 three- year grant from the 
Jessie Ball duPont Fund to set up a 
program to assist workers. As the 
poultry industry has grown and demand 
for low-cost products has increased, 
workers have been forced to clean, chop, 
defeather, and package chickens and 
turkeys on ever-faster assembly lines in 
unsanitary conditions. Many suffer 
debilitating injuries, especially in the 
form of cumulative trauma disorders 
stemming from repetitive motion. Most 
do not know what their rights are, or how 
to go about getting help. 

Office in Siler City 

Ramon Rodriguez, a Hispanic man, 
and Brenda Harris, a black woman, 
representative of the two groups that 
make up a disproportionate percentage of 
workers in processing plants, have been 

hired by the Helping Hands project as 
directors of its worker advocacy office 
in Siler City. 

The site was chosen because of its 
central location in the three-county area 
of Chatham, Moore, and Lee, where four 
poultry processing plants are located 
with approximately 4,000 employees, 
roughly one-fourth of the poultry 
processing workers in the state. 

Many of the workers are under- 
educated and minorities. Increasingly, in 
this part of the state, the poultry workers 

(Continued on page 14) 

Hamlet fund drive 
approaches $10,000 

Raleigh, Dec. 4-The challenge that 
Suffragan Bishop Huntington 
Williams Jr. issued in September-to 
raise $10,000 within the diocese of 
North Carolina to match the Presiding 
Bishop's Fund for World Reliefs 
$10,000 emergency grant for victims 
of the Imperial Food Products fire in 
Hamlet-has nearly been met. 
Diocesan officials report that a $500 
gift received Dec. 3 brought the total 
to $9,096. Money has been forwarded 
to the Rev. David Sweeney, vicar of All 
Saints' Church, Hamlet, as 
contributions have arrived in Raleigh. 
Bishop Williams expressed the hope 
that last-minute gifts might boost the 
total to $10,000 by Christmas. Checks 
marked "for Hamlet relief should be 
made to Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina, P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, 
N.C. 27619. 

Episcopal Church may face schism over traditionalist plan for missionary diocese 

By James Solheim 
and Jeffrey Penn 

Despite a last-minute effort at 
reconciliation, a confrontation over a 
proposal by a group of traditionalists in 
the Episcopal Church for a "missionary 
diocese" may be difficult to avoid. 

Presiding Bishop Edmond L. 
Browning met with representatives of the 

Episcopal Synod of America (ESA) in 
Ft. Worth, Nov. 18, to discuss their 
intention to establish a nongeographic 
missionary diocese. 

The plan, unanimously adopted by the 
Synodical Council of the ESA in Fresno, 
California, Nov. 8, would invite existing 
congregations to transfer to a new 
diocese beginning the first Sunday in 
Advent 1991. The plan also intends to 
form new parishes in dioceses that the 

ESA now considers "hostile." 

Browning asked the ESA, a coalition 
of traditionalists that opposes what it 
perceives as liberal trends in the church, 
not to implement the plan. Despite 
Browning's plea, Bishop Clarence Pope, 
president of the ESA, said 
implementation would proceed. 

Although Browning has often 
expressed the need for traditionalist 
voices in the church, he told Pope and 

Bishop Donald Davies that the 
missionary diocese is "uncanonical and 
anyone identifying with it would be 
outside the Episcopal Church — they 
would be abandoning the church." He 
added that no other province in the 
Anglican Communion is prepared to 
encourage such a diocese. 

Browning also expressed dismay with 
the ESA's interpretation that the 

(Continued on page 7) 

Around the diocese 

Lewis receives 1991 Citizen 
Award from The Independent 

RALEiGH-The Rev. Jim Lewis, Director 
of Christian Social Ministries of this 
diocese, will receive one of five 1991 
Citizen Awards presented by The 
Independent newspaper. Their selection 
was based primarily on his efforts 
toward peace in the Middle East this past 
year. Receiving an award jointly with 
Lewis is Sister Evelyn Mattern, a nun 
and college English teacher who, with 
Lewis, was part of an October 1990 N.C. 
Council of Churches peace delegation to 
Iraq. The Citizen Awards were featured 
in The Independent on Nov. 20; and Jim, 
Evelyn, and four other groups or 
individuals will be the guests of honor at 
The Independent 's annual holiday party, 
Dec. 13. 

Presiding Bishop's Fund 
aids Episcopal Servant 
Center in Greensboro 

Greens BORO-The Presiding Bishop's 
Fund for World Relief has made a grant 
of $3,000 to the Episcopal Servant 
Center at the Church of the Redeemer, 
Greensboro, for its program to assist the 
illiterate, the handicapped, and AIDS 
victims in acquiring Social Security/SSI 
benefits, according to Center spokesman 
Deacon Kermit Bailey. The Episcopal 
Servant Center was established early in 
1991 by eight Greensboro congregations. 

Browns Summit hosts 
symposium on diaconate 

Browns SuMMrr-Thirty-four persons 
from 16 dioceses attended the 
symposium here on the diaconate Oct. 
10-11. Most were official 
representatives sent by their bishop, and 
some came from dioceses (including 
Alabama, Virginia, and Washington) 
considering having deacons. Caroline 
Hughes, canon for education in Atlanta, 
spoke on total ministry, stressing the 
need to keep all the ministers of the 
church distinct. The Rev. James M. 
Barnett of Nebraska spoke on the 
theology of the diaconate, including 
history. Deacon Ormonde Plater of 
Louisiana spoke on types of the 
diaconate and presented a vision of 
diaconate programs. Deacons Cris Greet 
and Joan Marshall (Western North 
Carolina) and Kermit Bailey (North 
Carolina) gave presentations on their 
ministry among the poor and sick. The 
meeting was sponsored by the diocese of 
Western North Carolina and APSO's 
Intramont unit. Bishop Robert Johnson 
of Western North Carolina presided at 
the eucharist and preached. Also present 
was Bishop Robert Tharp of East 


Thompson receives award 
for peace initiatives work 

GREENSBORO-At its annual dinner the 
North Carolina chapter of the American- 
Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee 
presented an award to Ann Thompson of 
Cary for her work done on behalf of the 
Peace Initiatives Network, a unit of the 
Christian Social Ministries Commission 
of this diocese. The award, for service 
toward Arab- American understanding 
and for peace and justice in the Middle 
East, was presented to Ann at the Four 
Seasons Holiday Inn in Greensboro on 
Saturday, Oct. 19. To promote Arab- 
American understanding, the Peace 
Initiatives Network has been 
instrumental in bringing Palestinians to 
various North Carolina cities where they 
have been able to present a human face 
to the less-well-known side of the 
Palestinian-Israeli conflict. 

ACTS Committee grants $5,000 
to Wake AIDS agency 

Raleigh, Oct. 30-The diocesan ACTS 
Committee granted $5,000 under its new 
programs category to the AIDS Service 
Agency for Wake County as seed money 
for a Cooperative Housing Agreement. 

Also under new programs, the 
Committee granted $1,000 to Vocare for 
expenses of its first college student 

St. George's College, Jerusalem, 
received $3,000 for staff salary support, 
under the Committee's world disaster 

There were no requests under the 
emergency or diocesan disaster relief 
categories, according to Committee 
chairman Shara Partin. Disaster relief 
requests are accepted at any time. 

Deadlines for 1992 grants are April 
10 and Oct. 9. 

Applications and funding guidelines 
are available from the Rev. William S. 
Brettmann's office at Diocesan House. 

NCECA to meet in Asheboro; 
Williams will discuss 
long-range planning process 

AsHEBORO-The North Carolina 
Episcopal Clergy Association will meet 
on Tuesday, Jan. 7, beginning at 10 a.m. 
here at the Church of the Good 
Shepherd, according to its president the 
Rev. Jay Hobbs. The speaker will be the 
Rev. David R. Williams, rector, Church 
of the Holy Comforter, Burlington, and 
chairman of the Diocesan Long Range 
Planning Committee, who will discuss 
preliminary findings of the recent 
diocesan-wide survey. Time will be 
provided for discussion and questions. 
Clergy planning to attend and stay for 
lunch should notify Louise Talbert, 
secretary, Church of the Good Shepherd, 

1991 Aids Poster 

An image of the Lamb of God is the central motif for the poster 
commemorating the 1991 Day of Prayer for persons living with 
HIV/AIDS observed on Dec. 1 in many parishes. 

Workshop will focus on healing 
of memories in counseling 

DuRHAM-'Hurt, scars, old traumas of the 
heart and mind keep us from real 
intimacy with God. Healing helps us to 
go forward," said Br. Eldridge Pendleton 
in announcing a workshop to be held on 
Wednesday, Feb. 12, at St. John's 

Writer and seminary teacher the Rev. 
Dr. John Westerhoff will conduct the 
session, "On the Healing of Memories," 
designed for clergy in the diocese whose 
counseling and pastoral duties involve 
them in helping people delve into often 
painful events of their pasts. 

Scheduled to run from 9:00 a.m. until 
9:00 p.m., the workshop will include two 
meals. Registration cost is $50.00, and 
the deadline for registering is Feb. 1. 
For further information contact Br. 
Eldridge at St. John's House, 702 W. 
Cobb St., Durham, N.C. 27707, (919) 

church members and local historians 
compiled a history of the church. In 
addition to the history of St. Thomas' 
since its consecration in 1840, the 270- 
page hardbound book includes 
heretofore unpublished information 
about the services of Anglican worship 
in Bertie Precinct in the early colonial 
period. Price of the book is $35 plus 
mailing costs. It may be ordered from 
the History Committee, St Thomas' 
Church, Postal Drawer M, Windsor, 
N.C. 27983, the East Carolina Diocese 
newspaper Cross Current reports. 

News of other dioceses 

Charleston, S.C.-The Archbishop of 
Canterbury and his wife were unofficial 
guests of the Rev. and Mrs. Paul Zahl in 
Charleston during September when the 
Careys visited the United States. The 
couples have been friends since Father 
Zahl studied theology in England 18 
years ago. The Most Reverend Right 
Honorable Dr. George R. Carey made 
his only public appearance in South 
Carolina on Sunday, Sept. 8, when he 
preached at St. James' Church, James 
Island, according to Jubilate Deo, 
newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of 
South Carolina. 

Windsor, N.C.-In celebration of the 
150th anniversary of the consecration of 
St. Thomas', Windsor, a committee of 

The Communicant (USPS 392-580) is 
published bimonthly, in January, March, 
May, July, September, and November, by 
(he Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina, 
201 St. Albans Drive, Raleigh, NC 


The Rt Rev. Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop 

The Rt, Rev. Huntington Williams Jr. 


The Rev. E.T. Matone Jr. 

Non-diocesan subscriptions are $10.00. 
Submissions are welcome and are doe on 
the 10th of the month for the issue dated 
the following month. 

Please send letters and address 
changes to: The Communicant, 
P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 27619. 

The Commun lean t is a member of 
the Associated Church Press and the 
Association of Episcopal Communicators. 
Second-class postage paid at Raleigh, 
North Carolina, and at additional post 


This and that, from all over 

Photographic negatives of the Dead Sea 
Scrolls that Huntington Library in San 
Marino, Calif., is sending on indefinite 
loan to Duke University in Durham will 
arrive at the Duke Divinity School 
Library early in 1992, the Duke News 
Services reports. 


Congratulations to St. Augustine's 
College rising senior Antonio 
Pettigrew, of Macon, Ga., who won the 
400-meter crown at the 1991 World 
Track and Field Championships in 
Tokyo. He also won this year's NCAA 
Division II tide in May and the United 
States national championship at New 
York in June. 


The Rt. Rev. George Lazenby 
Reynolds Jr., 64, bishop of the 
Episcopal Diocese of Tennessee, died of 
an aneurism of the brain on Nov. 3 at St 
Thomas Hospital in Nashville. 

PROBABLY A FIRST: Trinity Church 

in Tilton, N. H., host for the recent 
convention of the Diocese of New 
Hampshire, placed a row of port-a- 
potties behind the church (right next to 
the river!) because, Episcopal News 
reports, Trinity's two toilets were not 
expected to meet the need. 

Charles Crutchfield has been hired 
effective Jan. 1 as new organist- 
choirmaster at St John's, Charlotte. 

He has been serving as interim. 


Dr. Prezell Robinson was honored Nov. 
5 for 25 years of service as president of 
St. Augustine's College in Raleigh 
during a special convocation at Emery 


New vestry members at All Saints', 
Greensboro, are Charles Constantine, 
Ron Eastman, and Martha Apple. 

Control of the North Carolina Baptist 
State Convention remained in the hands 
of moderates as the Rev. E. Glen Holt, 
pastor of First Baptist Church, 
Fayetteville, narrowly defeated 
conservative pastor Billy H. Cline of 
Merrimon Baptist Church, Asheville, in 
an election held Nov. 12 in Asheville. 



Sally Mackie has been named interim 
executive coordinator of the Appalachian 
People's Service Organization (APSO) 
in Blacksburg, Va. 


The Washington National Cathedral 
Association (NCA) has named Betty 
and Gordon Reynolds of Summerfield 
as directors for the central North 
Carolina region. Both are members of 
St. Francis Church in Greensboro. 
They will represent the NCA throughout 
the diocese and are available to present 
informational programs about our 
National Cathedral and the National 
Cathedral Association. Interested 
parishes or parish organizations may 
obtain additional information by 
contacting them at 6308 Oak Forest Ct., 
Summerfield, N.C. 27358, (919) 643- 


Consistent. That's the word for 
Communicant readers Mr. and Mrs. 
Robert Graham, who live in the town 
of Graham. In a recent change-of- 
address notice from the post office, we 
learned that they had moved — to where 
else?— 216 Graham Road, 

j|c $ + + sfe $ s(e * 

New vestry members elected Nov. 6 at 
Calvary Church, Tarboro, were Gray 
Clark, HafTye Cox, Betty Shook, and 
Tom Womble. 


A University of North Carolina student, 
Bryan Harter, a senior who grew up as 
a member of St. Andrew's, Greens- 
boro, has been elected to fill an un- 
expired one-year term on the vestry of 
the Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill. 

Dr. Tim Lane, physician at Moses Cone 
Hospital in Greensboro and teacher at 
the UNC School of Medicine, was 
homilist for the AIDS Sunday service of 
anointing and laying on of hands, 
sponsored by the diocesan AIDS 
Commission on Dec. 1 at Church of the 
Redeemer, Greensboro. In Christ there 
is no east or west. 

A service of Christmas Lessons and 
Carols is scheduled for 4:00 p.m., 
Sunday, Dec. 29, at the Washington 
National Cathedral, featuring the 
Cathedral Choir of Men and Boys. 

Dr. Joseph F. Fletcher, widely known 
for his provocative 1966 book Situation 
Ethics, died of cardiovascular disease on 
Oct. 28 at the age of 86. He was a 
former Episcopal priest who renounced 
his belief and converted to humanism in 
the late 1960s. 


St. Luke's Episcopal Church in 
Richmond, Va., will publish traditional- 
language bulletin inserts as an alternative 
to the gender-inclusive inserts that 
Morehouse Publishing Co. will soon 
begin distributing to many Episcopal 
parishes. The fledgling endeavor will 
operate as St. Luke's Press, 104 
Cowardin Ave., Richmond, Va. 23224. 

Overhead at Diocesan House: "Where's 
the ex-ecclesiastical authority?" called 
out a visitor looking for Suffragan 
Bishop Hunt Williams, the day after 
Bishop Bob Estill had completed his 
three-month sabbatical and returned to 


to a book review published in The 
Episcopal News, Diocese of Los 
Angeles, the fust English child bom in 
America, Virginia Dare, was bom at 
"the Roanoke colony" in "Virginia." No 
mention of North Carolina. 


writer to State magazine, describing the 
circumstances surrounding the writing of 
"The Old North State," our state song, 
said that the author, State Supreme Court 
Justice William Gaston of New Bern, 
first sang it in 1835 in Raleigh gathered 
around the piano with friends singing, 
among whom was "beloved Episcopal 
Bishop Joseph Blount Cheshire." 
Fifteen years later in Tarboro, March 27, 
1850, Bishop Cheshire was bom. 

ECW Worship Retreat 

The ECW's annual worship retreat will be led this year by the Rt. Rev. 
Huntington Williams Jr., suffragan bishop of the diocese. 

To be held at the Camp and Conference Center at Browns Summit, the worship 
retreat is scheduled to begin at noon on Wednesday, Feb. 12, and conclude at noon 
on Thursday, Feb. 13. 

Bishop Williams' theme will be "Restoring God's Creation to Wholeness," and 
he will take as his "text" Revelations 21:5b) — "Behold, I make all things new." 

The event is sponsored by the Episcopal Church Women of the diocese. A 
registration fee of $40 will be charged, and it includes double room, all meals, and 
full service. Checks should be made to ECW Worship Retreat and mailed to Nell 
Finch, 1612-3 Oberlin Road, Raleigh, NC 27608, (919) 782-0683, along with the 
registration form printed below. 

Worship Retreat with The Rt. Rev. Huntington Williams, Jr. 

Wednesday, Feb. 12, 1992, 12 noon until Thursday, Feb. 13, 12 noon. 
The Camp and Conference Center/Browns Summit 

Sponsored by the Episcopal Churchwomen of the Diocese 







Fee: $40 (includes double room, all meals, and full service). 

Make checks out to ECW Worship Retreat and mail to: 

Nell Finch, 1612-3 Oberlin Road, Raleigh, NC 27608, (919) 782-0683 

Deadline: January 20, 1992 


Recruitment vital to survival of Saint Mary's 

Editor's Note: This is the second in a 
series of stories that will attempt to 
report on the Sesquicentennial of Saint 
Mary's College. 

By E.T. Malone Jr. 

Raleigh, Dec. 3 — Playing the numbers 
game is a sport that private colleges 
cannot avoid. Students — of sufficient 
quality and in sufficient quantity — must 
be attracted, or the doors will close. 

Long on tradition but short on 
financial resources, Saint Mary's College 
depends heavily on tuition revenues. As 
the demographic base from which it can 
recruit grows smaller, the challenge 
presented to the admissions office grows 
a little more stiff each year. 

With 365 students on the books this 
fall, enrollment is down somewhat. "But 
the mood is upbeat," said Admissions 
Director Jenny Herbert. "We are seeing 
an increase in the quality of the students 
we are getting." 

Religious connection attractive 

The school's affiliation with the 
Episcopal Church, which in the 
rebellious 1960s might have been a 
liability for some young women, is now 
seen as an asset, Herbert claimed. 

"At Saint Mary's about one-third of 
the students are Episcopalians — proof 
that we are serving the needs of students 
who are interested in getting an 
education under the aegis of an 
Episcopal establishment. It demonstrates 
that there is a need out there." 

Only one percent of North Carolina's 
population are Episcopalians — about the 
same percentage that the Church 
maintains nationally. 

What about the non-Episcopalian 
two-thirds in the Saint Mary's student 

"Perhaps they are drawn to the 
church," Herbert suggested. "A number 
of students are baptized and confirmed 
here each year. I think the pendulum is 
swinging back to asking ourselves what 
are our ethical and moral values. 

"Departments of religious studies are 
just being overwhelmed at big 
universities. Students seem to be 
experiencing a search for inner peace, 
looking for something more than just 
power and money. I think that the 
Episcopal Church — based on scripture, 
tradition, and reason — is a wonderful 
vehicle for education. It certainly seems 
a logical extension of the tenets of the 
Church to be involved in education," she 

Service to the diocese 

"Saint Mary's has a number of 
women who have gone on, not only to 
the ordained ministry but to serve the 
diocese well in a variety of ways. They 
have done everything for the diocese. 

Herbert "sells" Saint Mary's 

Saint Mary's College admissions director Jenny Herbert talks with sophomores Weldon Jackson, left, 
and Gray Williams, both of Raleigh, and Michelle McLaughlin of Roswell, Ga., outside chapel. 

There is a tremendous connection 
between the school and the diocese," she 

People in the Diocese of North 
Carolina do not recognize the uniqueness 
of Saint Mary's being the only women's 
Episcopal college in the United States, 
Herbert added. 

Year after year about two-thirds of the 
students are from North Carolina, she 
noted. Next, the largest numbers come 
from Virginia and South Carolina. 
"We're a Southern school — most of our 
students come from the South. Georgia, 
Florida, Tennessee, Kentucky, a few 
international students." 

"It's very effective to have Janet 
Watrous serving as our chaplain, 
reinforcing a positive role model. And 
members of the staff and students act as 
chalice bearers for services in the neo- 
gothic chapel, constructed in 1856," she 
said. The sanctuary, a National Historic 
Site, houses a Bigelow organ and lovely 
stained glass windows. 

High school department a rarity 

The Saint Mary's High School 
presents a transition into college not 
available in many places. "It's such a 
plus for high school students to be able 
to take college courses on the same 
campus," Herbert pointed out. 

Day students, she said, have a unique 
opportunity to get to meet people "from 
all over," but still live at home with their 
parents. This fall there are 45 days 
students out of 140 total in the high 
school division, which is "still primarily 

a boarding program." 

"We run our high school division on 
the same basis as the college division. 
We don't have intercoms, bells ringing, 
and so on. When they are not in class, 
their time is theirs. They leam a great 
deal about time management. They 
don't have Tiller' study halls. Between 
classes, they might want to go by the 
library to study, to do research, use word 
processors, get help from professors, or 
go to McDonald's for a hamburger," she 

'This provides a wonderful transition 
for the big university." She noted that 
Saint Mary's each year picks up students 
who made unwise choices to attend big 
universities, then were overwhelmed and 
had to drop out. "We get calls starting in 
October from young women at larger 

schools who want to come here in 
January," she said. 

"We offer the basics in math, English, 
history, a general liberal arts 
curriculum — presented in small 
classes — to incoming college students. 
You can't hide, the classes are so small," 
she noted. 

According to Jenny Herbert, Saint 
Mary's feels comfortable fulfilling a 
definite mission. 

"We know what we're doing. We've 
been doing it for 150 years." 

E. T. Malone Jr. is editor <?/The 

NOTE: Development will be the focus 
of the next story in this series. 

Tax free bond issue will support 
Weil-Spring retirement community 

Greensboro, Dec. 4-Officials report a 
steady sale of a special issue of tax-free 
municipal bonds to benefit the non-profit 
Well-Spring Retirement Community 
near here. 

The Well-Spring project is sponsored 
by seven Greensboro area Episcopal 
churches-All Saints', Church of the 
Redeemer, Church of the Holy Spirit, 
Holy Trinity, St. Francis', St. Andrew's, 
and St. Barnabas'-as well as the 
Greensboro First Baptist and First 
Presbyterian churches. 

Numbers of the bonds, which went on 
sale in November, are still available, 
according to Interstate/Johnson Lane 
account executive Bob Jones, who is 
handling the sale. 

Revenue from the bonds will be used 
to support construction of buildings at 
the retirement center. 

The bonds are expected to yield 8% 
interest, which will be free from federal, 
state, and intangible taxes. For further 
information, contact Bob Jones at 
Interstate/Johnson Lane (800) 937-1155. 


Can churches stop war in Croatia? 

By M. Kelly Davis 
and Dana Presusch 

Mapmakers, who often have redrawn 
the boundaries of Central European 
empires and nation-states, may be busy 
in the years ahead. Since the revolutions 
of 1989, people all over ex-communist 
Europe are deciding — in mainly peaceful 
ways — how they will relate to each other 
politically. In the old communist 
Czechoslovakia, for example, Czech and 



Slovak republics have thus far remained 
within a federation. Yet in Yugoslavia, 
which has experienced the movement 
toward free markets and democracy only 
in part, the result has been civil war 

.Violence and anarchy have 
characterized daily events in 
secessionist-minded Croatia, one of 
Yugoslavia's six republics. The federal 
army, which is controlled by the Serbian- 
dominated government and allegedly 
cooperates with ethic Serbians in 
Croatia, has been battling the breakaway 
movement. Earlier in the summer, the 

It is imperative that the 
Church in Yugoslavia 
begin to engage in the 
process of reconcilation. 

Yugoslav government did not forcefully 
resist the northern republic of Slovenia's 
initiative to declare independence. But 
Croatia's similar declaration was a 
different story. The government 
intended to keep at least part of Croatia 
within the federation. 

The threat of civil war is nothing new 
for Yugoslavia. The nation has struggled 
for many decades to reconcile divisions 
between competing religious traditions 
(Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Muslim), 
economic systems (capitalism, socialism, 
communism) and cultural mores. 
Unfortunately, deep chasms still remain. 
Yugoslavia's future hinges on the 
healing of old wounds. Yet one 
institution that has the potential to bridge 
the deepening divides, the Church, 
remains entangled in the dissension and 
strife. It is imperative that the Church in 

Yugoslavia begin to engage in the 
process of reconciliation. 

A brief review of Yugoslavia's 
history explains the acrimony between 
the various nationalities. At the 
conclusion of World War I, the collapse 
of the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman 
empires allowed Croats, Serbs, and 
Slovenes to form the Kingdom of 
Southern Slavs, which eventually 
became Yugoslavia in 1929. 

The Serbian royal house, however, 
gained dominance, and Croatia, a 
Catholic nation with Austrian customs, 
chafed under Orthodox Serbian rule and 
what it considered to be Turkish 
backwardness. Thus, the Creation 
Catholic Church initially rejoiced at the 
creation of a fascist puppet state by 
Germany in Croatia in 1941. This regime 
eventually would be responsible for the 
death of a half-million Serbs in Nazi-like 
concentration camps during World War 

Following the Second World War, an 
independent, democratic government 
flourished briefly in Croatia, but was 
crushed by Communist leader Josip 
Broz-Tito, who curtailed the factional 
wars and divided Yugoslavia into six 
self-governing republics. To a large 
degree, religious loyalties tended to be 
segregated along nationalist lines. The 
republics of Slovenia and Croatia, for 
example, are predominantly Catholic, 
while Serbia, Montenegro, and 
Macedonia's population align closely 
with the Eastern Orthodox tradition. 
Bosnia-Herzegovina, however, contains 
a mix of the Catholic and Orthodox 
churches plus a 40 percent Islamic 

Freedom of religious association 
typically was better in Yugoslavia than 
in other parts of Eastern Europe under 
communism. At the same time, the 
increased connection between religious 
traditions and political/nationalist 
movements is no surprise in light of the 
power vacuum left by the decline of 
communism. The Christian Democratic 
Party in Slovenia, for instance, has ties to 
the Catholic Church. Prime Minister 

Democratic Action in Bosnia- 
Herzegovina captured the Cull Muslim 
vote in last November's election. 
Election results in this republic 
consistently coincide with the religious 
breakdown of the population: 40 percent 
Muslim, 35 percent Orthodox, and 25 
percent Catholic. Finally, the minority 
Party of Serbian Renewal continues to 

Milan Kucan is a devout Catholic. The 
Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) 
openly courted the support of Catholics 
in recent elections. The Muslim Party of 

gain support from the Orthodox church 
in Serbia. Thus, throughout the six 
republics, religious bodies are testing 
their freedoms, including the freedom to 
shape public life. 

Yet corresponding to this new growth 
of freedom for the churches has been a 
decline in the acceptance of religious and 
ethnic pluralism. Free elections brought 
to the surface caustic feuding between 
the republics, and religious intolerance is 
only adding fuel to the fire. One 
prominent religious leader in Yugoslavia 
remarked: "At a time of economic 
hardship and social upheaval, many east 
Europeans are turning to God — but 
turning against their neighbors of a 
different ethnic, religious, or national 
origin" (Occasional Papers on Religion 
in Eastern Europe, May 1991). The 
Serbian Orthodox Church in Split, 
Croatia, a predominantly Catholic area, 
has not received permission to complete 
its church building. Islamic communities 
have had applications pending for years 
to build new mosques. The Orthodox 
cathedral in primarily Muslim Sarajevo, 
Bosnia-Herzegovina, has been defaced. 
Orthodox priests face harassment in 

Zagreb, Croatia, and the Serbian 
Orthodox Patriarchate issued a statement 
claiming that Serbians in Croatia are 
"deprived of human and national rights" 
because of the "national Croatian 
extremists" in power. The Serbian 
minority itself protested when Prime 
Minister Tudjman renamed the Square of 
the Victims of Fascism in Zagreb as the 
Square of Croatian Giants. 

The religious and ethnic rifts are 
great, and, sadly, at least parts of the 
Church are serving as a catalyst for civil 
war. Will the churches be responsible 
for increasing the tensions between rival 
groups, or will they encourage 
reconciliation? Will they heed Jesus 
Christ's warning as it applies to the 
Church that "a household divided against 
itself cannot stand?" 

Is there anything that churches in the 
West can do to help? A group of Eastern 
European church leaders in Hungary 
recently expressed concerns about being 
"invaded" by Westerners. Still, they 
suggested several ways of cooperating, 
ways that could help prepare churches 
there to play a constructive, rather than a 
destructive, social role. These include: 
(1) parish partnerships, (2) providing 
literature, (3) on-site training for leaders, 
(4) hearing criticism of western mission 
efforts, and (5) help in dispute 

The Episcopal Church, at its triennial 
convention of Phoenix in July, took a 
step in this direction. It passed a 
resolution encouraging all dioceses to 
"establish commissions or other bodies 
to develop links of support and 
encouragement" in Eastern Europe and 
the Soviet Union. It also called upon its 
Church Center in New York and 
ecumenical bodies to "explore particular 
means of contributing to the welfare and 
strength of the churches" to the end that 
they "may contribute to the development 
of justice, freedom and peace among the 
nations...." Yugoslavia's churches, 
already a "divided house," provide 
Episcopalians and others a serious 
challenge with which to begin. 

Religion and Democracy 





News of the National Church 

Episcopal Church Center reduces staff and simplifies structure 

By James Solheim 

Faced with a million dollar shortfall in 
the current fiscal year, and in response to 
a mandate from last summer's General 
Convention for "structural reform," the 
presiding bishop and his executive staff 
announced staff changes and unveiled a 
new simplified structure. 

"It is a new morning," one that the 
church should face with "hope and 
confidence as we plan for what's ahead," 
Presiding Bishop Edmond Browning told 
his staff September 30 at the opening 
plenary of a three-day In-House meeting. 

Describing a "sense of sadness and 
loss" that accompanied eight months of 
planning that reduced the national staff 
from 291 positions to 239, Browning 
added that he felt a "deep sense of 
thanksgiving" for the contributions of 
those who left the staff. Despite the pain 
of the moment, Browning said he faced 
the future with "a sense of peace coupled 

with enthusiasm." 

Terminations were made on the basis 
of functions rather than personalities, 
Browning said. The new staff 
configuration was achieved through 30 
terminations, five retirements, plus 
changes in some positions and 
combining others. The changes meet 
affirmative action guidelines. 

The presiding bishop also unveiled a 
new structure for the Church Center 
comprised of four groups-Admini- 
strative and Financial, Program, 
Planning and Development, and Support 
for the General Convention and Interim 

Among changes in the Program 
Group, Browning appointed Diane M. 
Porter to head Advocacy, Witness and 
Justice (which now includes Episcopal 
Migrations Ministry) and the Rev. J. 
Patrick Mauney to head the new 
Partnerships office, incorporating the 
former World Missions unit and Women 
in Mission and Ministry. The 

Lower primate and Episcopal Bishop 

Bishop Richard Grein of New York displays his episcopal crosier to 
a chimpanzee at the annual blessing of the animals at the 
Cathedral of St. John the Divine in Manhattan. 

Communication unit remains the same 
but Education for Mission and Ministry 
has been renamed Education, 
Evangelism and Ministry Development. 

Treasurer Ellen Cooke said the cuts 
involved "very painful decisions" 
because the church was losing the 
services of people "who were of great 
value to this community." Yet she said 
she was convinced that a "fair and 
equitable package" of termination 
benefits was "the very best we could 
have provided." Those leaving the staff 
receive three months termination salary, 
severance pay based on length of service, 
out-placement services, and health 
benefits for six months. 

"This is a day of transition, the end of 
a structure that served us imperfectly but 
well for the last five years," said Barry 
Menuez, senior executive for the 
Program Group. "We must live in a 
tension between our vision and 
priorities — and budget realities." 

Staff expresses pain on how cuts 
were made 

Some staff members like Bruce 
Woodcock, deputy to Menuez, saw the 
handwriting on the wall last January 
when the Church Center initiated a 
hiring and wage freeze. Woodcock 
realized that his own position was 
vulnerable but he was still shocked that 
he was included on the list of 
terminations released September 24. 
"There is no easy way to do this and it's 
painful for everyone, especially the 
presiding bishop." 

After the initial shock, some staff 
members expressed criticism of how the 
cuts were handled. "Many of us were 
stunned, especially by the demand that 
those terminated must leave by the 
weekend," said Margaret Larom, whose 
position as information officer for World 
Missions was eliminated. She and others 
expressed frustration in trying to tie up 
loose ends in a few days. 

Some staff members whose positions 
were eliminated expressed keen 
disappointment that the presiding bishop 
was not present during the week the cuts 
were announced. "Most people on the 
staff have an intense personal loyalty to 
him and needed his pastoral presence in 
this painful time," Larom said. 

Browning told the In-House meeting 
in his opening remarks that he was 
sensitive to those feelings but felt he had 
to trust the process and those he had 
empowered to make the decisions. 
Browning was able to speak with Larom 
and a number of staff over the weekend, 
on his return from a mini -sabbatical, and 
said in an interview that he found those 
conversations "renewing" because they 
revealed a deep sense of vocation and an 
openness to the future. He reported that 

all those terminated were using the out- 
placement service and that several 
already had job offers. 

The Rev. Linda Grenz, whose 
position in overseas development was 
also cut, conducted a Friday noon 
Eucharist that had an obvious healing 
effect on those who attended. Grenz 
was among those who expressed 
disappointment that the termination 
process seemed more corporate than 
"identifiably Christian in character." 

Presiding bishop calls for new 

In his discussion with the staff, 
Browning said that there may be 
additional cuts in the future but 
cautioned against overreaction. He asked 
for a "new and deeper commitment," 
asking the staff to bring their best to 
their work. "If you can't make this 
commitment you should consider 
finding other employment," he warned. 
"The time of lackluster performance and 
negative spirit is over." 

Browning said in an interview he had 
no intention of stifling disagreement or 
constructive criticism but reinforced his 
contention that "it is time to pull 
together and support each other." He 
expressed impatience with what he 
called "mean-spiritedness" and said it 
was a waste of valuable energy needed 
to deal with significant issues facing the 

Browning's comments were echoed 
by Bishop Furman Stough who said, 
"We are in for some rough times. There 
is discontent throughout the church. Yet 
I am sure we have the spirit, skills, and 
good sense to face the future." 

Episcopal News Service 

Sewanee receives 
$3.25 million bequest 
from 1932 alumnus 

Sewanee, Tenn. — The University of the 
South has received an unrestricted $3.25 
million bequest — the second largest 
bequest in Sewanee 's history — from the 
estate of 1932 graduate Carl Biehl. 

At Sewanee, Biehl majored in 
economics and was a student manager in 
athletics. He earned his MBA from 
Harvard University in 1934. 

In 1935, at age 23, he began a career 
in the shipping business. At the time of 
his death in 1987, he was chairman of the 
board of Biehl International Corporation, 
a company with international shipping 

University of the South 


Vigil against 
death penalty 

(Continued from page 1) 

Christ, about 100 of us marched with 
lighted candles to the grassy knoll 
directly in front of Central Prison where 
we were to keep vigil until after the 
execution. The ground was damp from 
the recent rain and the night air was quite 
cool. There were many familiar faces in 
the group mat gathered to let the world 
know that although we live in a state that 
allows the death penalty "we say tonight 
it is against our will that it takes place," 
as the Rev. Jimmy Creech had also said 
in his opening prayer. 

The week before at Community 
United Church we had heard a moving 
presentation by Marietta Jaeger, of The 
Witness magazine, about her experiences 
after her young daughter had been 
kidnapped and murdered. She told of 
how at first she felt that she could gladly 
kill the man who had done this, but that 
over time, God had opened her heart to 
get rid of the hate and desire for revenge. 
She talked eloquently of how she now 
believes that revenge and retribution are 
harmful to those who succeed in 
obtaining them and that it is far better to 
let the killing stop. 

That same night we had listened to 
the Rev. Jim Lewis, director of Christian 
Social Ministries for this diocese, speak 
movingly of the efforts of the N. C. 
Council of Churches to obtain a stay of 
execution for Michael McDougall, not 
because he was innocent of the crimes 
for which he was found guilty, but 
because nothing is gained by state 
sponsored killing. In fact, it simply 
perpetuates the cycle of violence and it is 

not the act of Christian people. 

Vickie Sigmon, member of St. 
Anne's, Winston-Salem, and director of 
the statewide Yokefellow Prison 
Ministry, told us about her work with 
prisoners on Death Row. She said that 
74 prisoners are now awaiting execution. 
Vickie talked about the needs of these 
men and their families and how we need 
to reach out to them much more than we 
are doing now. 

Nancy Prather of Durham, who visits 
a Death Row inmate, told us that on the 
night of an execution when the inmates 
can see our candles it is a comfort to all 
in the prison because then they do not 
feel so alone. She also pointed out to us 
later, after the lights had gone out in the 
prison, the tiny lights moving slowly up 
and down in the narrow vertical 
windows of the Death Row cells. "This," 
Nancy said, "is their way of telling us 
that they know we are here." 

It is a long time from the 8:00 p.m. 
service to the 2:00 a.m. execution. As it 
got later and later, some people had to 
leave because of jobs the next morning 
from which they could not be absent. 
We wondered amongst ourselves if 
maybe that was part of the reason for 
placing the execution at the time it was 
scheduled. We also wondered if the hour 
was selected in hopes that most of the 
prison population would be asleep. Then 
out of the darkness we began to hear, 
first a faint noise from the prison, and 
then a clearly unmistakable steady loud 
noise as the prisoners beat the walls and 
the bars of their cells. Then as we 
huddled together in small groups on the 
grassy hill, we could hear the wails and 
cries coming from inside the prison as 
the tiny lights continued to go up and 
down in the narrow windows. We could 
not hear what they were saying, but the 
sounds penetrated our whole being. 

Years ago Central Prison looked like 
a Medieval fortress where one could 
almost envision the cells in a dungeon. 
Now, to anyone just riding by on 
Western Boulevard, it could easily be 
mistaken for some kind of benevolent 
hospital. The modern facade has indeed 
made it look less menacing than before, 
but this night we took no comfort from 
the new architectural facelift. 

In contrast to the small groups of 
people huddled in the dark on the hill, 
the bright lights in the front part of the 
prison and the constant activity of the 
television camerapeople, reporters, 
prison officials, and lawyers seemed 
completely incongruous. Here we were 
literally mourning the deaths of Michael 
McDougall and his victims while other 
people were simply intent on doing their 
jobs. The women at the foot of the cross 
must have felt much the same way as 
they watched the Roman soldiers! 

At 2:20 by my watch, the cries and 
the noise ceased from inside the prison. 
Very soon thereafter, the television lights 
went on in the front "lobby" of the 
prison, and all of the busy people went 
into the room for a statement from the 
official. Some cars drove away carrying 
people to finish their jobs. Few of us on 
the hill moved. We simply continued to 
sit or stand in our little groups as some of 
us waited and trembled uncontrollably. 
About 3:15 a.m. the ambulance carrying 
Michael McDougall 's body drove slowly 
out of the prison driveway and up a side 
street away from Western Boulevard. As 
if on cue, we stood and sang "We Shall 

It was an extraordinarily moving 
experience. Ann Thompson, chair of the 
diocesan Christian Social Ministries 
Commission, said it was a "Gethsemane 
experience." What kept going through 
my mind the whole time was the 

scripture, "In as much as you have done 
it unto the least of these, my brothers, 
you have done it unto me." Many of us 
are convinced that if more people 
experienced this, we might be able to 
move this state away from the Death 
Penalty. Perhaps, someday, we shall 

Lucy Nunnally is a parishioner at St. 
Mark's, Raleigh 


(Continued from page 1) 

missionary diocese could be "an interim 
step as new situations are recognized and 
addressed by the church," as suggested 
in an ESA press release following the 
meeting. The presiding bishop also 
dismissed Bishop Clarence Pope's 
suggestion in a Nov. 19 letter to his 
clergy that "the presiding bishop agreed 
that the door would remain open for 
discussions about ways in which it could 
be brought into the structure of the 
Episcopal Church while it developed." 

Browning said he was clear and 
"unequivocal" that such a structure "is 
disallowed by the canons of our church 
and contrary to resolutions of Lambeth 
and the Primates." Browning said he 
continues to believe that "reconciliation 
is possible" and he holds out hopes for 
"pastoral solutions." 

News Brief 

Provincetown, Mass. — The Rev. 
Robert Williams, the noncelibate 
homosexual whose ordination to the 
priesthood in the Diocese of Newark in 
1989 touched off an international 
controversy, has renounced his 
association with the Episcopal Church. 

The presiding bishop's Christmas Message, 1991 

In the beginning was the Word, and 
the Word was with God, and the 
Word was God. 

We, the church, have begun again, at 
the beginning. Through Advent we have 
prepared our hearts to hear again, tell 
again, live again, the story of God's 
Word given to us. 

And the Word was made flesh, and 
dwelt among us, full of grace and 

The Word was made flesh, and dwelt 
among us.... The power of the Word 
ringing down through the centuries is 
almost too wonderful to comprehend. 
Perhaps that is why the thundering 
message of Christmas is so often 
diminished, confined to the 
understanding of our lesser, limited 
selves as consumers, revelers. Perhaps 
that is why it is made impersonal as the 
piped-in music in a shopping mall. We, 
God's people, those to whom the Word 
was sent, must live and know again the 
story in all its power — personal and 

God's Word given to us is a personal 

Word. It is as personal and intimate as 
the Mother's touch on the forehead of 
the Divine Infant. God speaks to each of 
us in a particular way through Jesus 
Christ. We celebrate the birth into the 
world, and in our hearts, of the Holy One 
who loves us, who saves us — personally. 

God's Word given to us is also a 
transcendent Word. It is the universal 
Word that all are meant to hear, to know, 
to live. 

Why must ours be a church with no 
outcasts? Because all are included in the 
saving message. Why do we work and 
pray that our divisions and differences 
will cease and we will be one in Christ? 
Because God's Word came to all: we 
hear it and know it through the church 

What is the Word that is given to 
you? That is your gift this Christmas. Is 
it a Word of healing? God does heal. Is 
it a Word of belonging? It is God to 
whom we belong. Is it a Word of 
judgment? God judges — with love and 
justice in the measurer. Do you hear the 
saving Word for you? 

What is the Word that is spoken to all 
of us, God's people gathered in this 
church? Is it a Word of healing? Of 
judgment made in love and through 
justice? Will we, together, hear the 
saving Word? 

And from his fullness have we all 
received, grace upon grace. 

My dear friends, the gift and message 
of Christmas is the Word itself. It is the 
transcendent Word of God made flesh 
and sent to dwell among us. It is the 
particular Word that lights and warms 
and inflames each of our hearts. 

My the joy and peace of Christmas 
fill your heart to overflowing. May you 
hear the personal Word that is Jesus, and, 
together, may we know that Word so to 
discern God's Holy Will for this grateful 
and obedient church. 

Edmond L. Browning 
Presiding Bishop and Primate 

Episcopal News Service 


Constance and her Companions were 'Martyrs of Memphis 9 

Episcopal nuns gave lives in service 

By Anne C. Pugh 

On a cold February day in 1865 at St. 
Michael's Church in New York, five 
women took vows as Anglican nuns. 
They followed in the footsteps of Anne 
Ayres, who in 1845 became the first nun 
in the Anglican tradition since the 

From the beginning, the Sisters of St. 
Mary faced hostility and opposition. 
Inherited from the Reformation was a 
mistrust of monasticism. Besides the 
controversy that embroiled evangelical 
and high church Episcopalians, many felt 
threatened by the fact that increasing 
numbers of Irish immigrants were 
swelling the ranks of the Roman 
Catholic Church. Not a few clergy and 
lay persons were "going over to the 
Romans"; among these were Bishop 
Levi Ives of North Carolina and John 
Henry Newman, who had been active in 
the Oxford movement. 

Ten Decades of Praise, by Sr. Mary 
Hilary CSM (Community of St. Mary), 
an account of the Community's first 
hundred years, describes the indignities 
that the Sisters were subject to because 
of their so-called "Popish and praying 
tendencies," which included the use of 
The Book of Hours. Self-styled 
inquisitors descended on the Sisters' 
quarters looking for scourges, noting the 
kind of cloth from which their habits 
were made, and searching for candles 
and other evidence of "ritualism." No 
one objected to their work with 
immigrants, prostitutes, the homeless 
and the destitute, but several institutions 
such as the House of Mercy shut their 
doors against the Sisters, despite strong 
support by such churchmen as Morgan 
Dix, rector of Trinity Church in New 
York City. It was not until the Sisters 
established St. Mary's Hospital, a free 
hospital for children in New York's 
Hell's Kitchen, that the furor began to 
die down. 

In 1870, Charles Todd Quintard, 
second bishop of Tennessee, invited the 
Sisters to come to Memphis to establish 
a boarding and day school for girls that 
would draw pupils from throughout 
Tennessee, and to take charge of the 
Church Home, thus paving the way for 
them to make a foundation in the South. 
Four Sisters went to Memphis: Sister 
Constance, serving as Sister Superior, 
who had been raised as a Unitarian; and 
three others, Sister Thecla, who had 
worked with the poor in Manhattan, and 
Sister Amelia and Sister Hughetta, who 
would help with the school. 

St. Mary's School was almost ready 
to open when the Sisters found 
themselves in the midst of a raging 
yellow fever epidemic. Infected sailors 
arriving at the port of Memphis on the 
Mississippi River from New Orleans 

St Mary's Convent at Sewanee 

The altar of St. Mary's Convent, Sewanee, Tennessee, showing view of the mountains and the gold chalice and paten 
used by Constance and her Companions. The Sisters bought a chalice and paten for $125 when they arrived in Memphis. 
They were used in their chapel. After their deaths, friends and associates contributed gold jewelry to be melted down to 
cover the chalice and paten. 

were bitten by house-loving mosquitoes, 
which transmitted the virus to the city's 
inhabitants. The onset of the disease was 
usually sudden, with backache, 
headache, and high fever. The vomiting 
of blood and jaundice that characterized 
the disease followed within a day or two. 

Letters in the archives of the Eastern 
and Western provinces of the 
Community vividly describe conditions 
in Memphis and the terrible plight of the 
people. In October 1873, an exhausted 
Sr. Constance wrote to Mother Harriet 
Starr Cannon in Peekskill, New York, 
that there was "no drainage — no system 
of cleaning the city — Every one carries 
the kitchen refuse into the back alley, 
and the pigs, which run about the city, 
eat it up." Rain, she added, "just stirs up 
the horrible filth of this wretched city, 
and leaves muddy pools to stagnate in 
the sun." 

Everyone who could afford it left 
Memphis, leaving only "a few thousand 
people..., those mostly poor & dying at 
the rate of from fifty to seventy a day. 
Persons with yellow fever must be fed on 
hot liquid food & many have no one to 
prepare it for them. Others who are 

convalescent require many things but 
have not a cent to buy with. They can 
get no work to do, even if they are strong 
enough to do it for there is nothing to be 
done in a deserted city. The suffering is 
very great." 

Bewildered city officials did not 
know how to stop the spread of the fever. 
The Board of Health ignored the bayou, 
in places an open sewer, that ran through 
Memphis. Instead, they shot cannons 
and burned kegs of pine tar to purify the 
air. When the city was organized into 
nursing districts, despite their lack of 
training, the Sisters began their work of 
mercy, not as teachers, but as nurses. 

"If I live to return to N.Y.," Sr. 
Constance wrote, "I trust that I may have 
a little hospital training — I would have 
given almost anything to be able to do 
two or three simple things for the relief 
of some of our patients." The Sisters 
established a soup kitchen to feed fever 
victims and convalescents, but it was 
almost impossible to find a cook who 
would stay more than two days. Left 
behind in the city, servants of the well- 
to-do suffered even more than the poor. 
One Swedish girl, alone in an empty 

house, was discovered "in a dirty little 
room, on a bed in the worst imaginable 
condition." At least most of the poor, 
wrote Sr. Constance, had friends or 
neighbors to help them until a nurse 
could come. 

By the end of October, the weather 
became cooler, and the fever appeared to 
be subsiding, but the terrible suffering 
went on. Sr. Constance told of a family 
where a woman lay dying with fever in 
one room with "her son very ill in the 
next, and her husband lying intoxicated 
on the floor, just sufficiendy conscious 
to be somewhat in awe of us, when we 
went in and out of the kitchen, where he 
lay, almost under the stove on which I 
was trying to boil some water for the 
beef-tea, which, I am afraid, was too late 
to do any good." When the woman 
began to recover, "her husband beat her 
& the boy, & pushed her out of doors — 
she had no food or stimulant for hours, 
and I fear is dying of exhaustion — I wish 
they had sent for us before!" 

As 1873 drew to a close, the danger to 
the Sisters seemed past. Sr. Constance 
wrote to the Mother Superior in 
Peekskill, "I am not always wholly 


grateful for our present safety — 
sometimes I am afraid that we were not 
worthy of the slightest suffering in this 
service — it seems so strange that we out 
of so many should pass through it all 
without giving any thing, without its 
costing us anything." She never doubted 
that the Sisters had been led by God to 
His service in Memphis. 'There is only 
one thing very clear in my mind...the 
sense of perfect, entire, utter rest in His 
leading, not only every day, but every 
hour, in every action and movement 
You cannot tell how strange it seemed 
always to know exactly what to do next, 
in things I had never done before — and 
yet it was such a matter of course in the 
doing! You know how I always needed 
a lesson in faith. ..I think I have had it 

Late in 1873, St. Mary's School 
finally opened, and the institution 
flourished. But during the ensuing years, 
Memphis' sanitation did not improve 
measurably. On Aug. 17, 1878, a 
telegram from Memphis came to 
Peekskill where the Sisters had gone on 
retreat, advising that yellow fever was 
again spreading over the city, urging the 
Sisters' immediate return. Sister 
Constance and Sister Thecla left that 

On arrival, Sr. Constance found 
conditions in Memphis to be "much 
worse than the facts allowed to be 
published. The fever is in its most 
malignant form — stores shut — scarcely 
any provisions or fresh meat to be had— 
and the city is deserted." The first thing 
they saw was "the old familiar whiteness 
of the streets, covered with lime — the 
next, a wagon heaped with the rough 
boxes, used for coffins." Later she 
wrote, "They are carrying the town poor 
off by force to the camp [located outside 
the city] — it makes a great disturbance — 
the people are violently opposed to it, & 
the city regiments are on guard there." 
Two weeks later, Sr. Ruth was called out 
of retreat in response to another 
telegram. She left the next day. 

"There are fewer cases that in /73," 
wrote Sr. Constance, "but they are all so 
sudden and so severe — less than two 
days will usually bring the end. Five 
physicians have left the city — the rest are 
working bravely." And from another 
letter, "I found two families — all down 
with the fever, — who had been without a 
nurse — one for two days — one for 
three — they had crawled about in their 
misery, and helped each other.... The 
hearses go by constantly without a single 
mourner — the poor are thrown into pine 
boxes, and buried by dozens, — carried 
away in express wagons without a 
prayer.. ./73 was play-work to this — it is 
more like a plague than an epidemic..." 
Exhausted and depressed, the Sisters 
pinned small squares of linen soaked in 
carbolic acid to their clothing to ward off 

infection and went out every day after the 
celebration of Holy Communion to help 
the fever victims, returning only for the 
evening meal and talks with Dean Harris 
of the Cathedral. Often they didn't 
realize what day of the week it was. 
"Oh, it's Sunday!" someone once 
exclaimed when the fever was at its 
height. "Every day is the Lord's day 
now," came the answer. 

This time the Sisters did not escape 
the fever. Sr. Frances, who had come to 
help with the orphanage for surviving 
children of fever victims, became ill first, 
but seemed to recover. On Sept. 7, Sr. 
Ruth wrote to the Sisters in New York 
that both Sr. Constance and Sr. Thecla 
were ill. "Dr. Armstrong [the Sisters' 
physician] told us this morning that he 
has no hope for either one. We are 
helpless and do not know what we can do 
or how help can come." Mr. Charles C. 
Parsons, the Sisters' priest, died after 
reading for himself the commendatory 
prayer. Sr. Constance died on Sept. 9. 
On Sept. 12, Sr. Thecla died, followed by 
the death of Dr. Armstrong on Sept. 14. 
On Sept. 16th, their faithful Associate 
Mrs. Nannie Bullock succumbed; on the 
17th the Rev. Mr. Schuyler, who had 
come to Memphis from New Jersey to 
help and had been in the city only two 
weeks, became a victim of the fever. A 
few hours later, Sr. Ruth died. And on 
Oct 4, Sr. Frances, who had become ill 
again, died. When it was over, over 5000 
of Memphis' inhabitants were dead, and 
the city eventually became bankrupt and 
lost its charter. 

With the deaths of Sr. Constance and 
her companions, wrote Dr. G. H. 
Houghton, rector of the Church of the 
Transfiguration in New York, "died and 
was buried — never to return again — the 
prejudice against Sisterhoods. The 
Sisters of St. Mary are now everywhere 
loved and honored." Many other brave 
and compassionate priests, nuns, doctors, 
and pastors — Roman Catholic and 
Protestant alike — gave their lives during 
the yellow fever epidemic. But it was 
Constance, Nun, and her Companions 
who became known as the Martyrs of 
Memphis and whose feast day is 
celebrated on Sept. 9, by 
recommendation of the Standing 
Liturgical Committee at the 68th General 

'These Saints' Days are reminders to 
us," said the Rev. Sr. Lucy Lee Shetters 
CSM in her sermon at the Festival 
Eucharist in Memphis on Sept. 9, 1986, 
"of what the grace of God can 
accomplish in the lives of ordinary men 
and women." 

Anne C. Pugh, oblate /CSM, serves as 
deacon at the Church of the Good 
Shepherd, Raleigh 

Romanian orphans in desperate need of hope 

Abandoned and sick children are 'one of the most tragic legacies 
of the Communist era in Romania,' according to two volunteers 
from the Diocese of Massachusetts who just returned from a 
mission of mercy. 

New Sewanee scholarship 
to aid children of clergy 

Swanee, Tenn. — The University of the 
South has announced the creation of the 
George William Hopper Scholarship 
Fund, a program which will provide 
$1,000 scholarships to children of 

Religious orders favor 
inclusive ordination 

The Superiors and officers of 16 
Anglican religious communities 
throughout the United States and Canada 
have signed a statement saying they 
believe "the call to ordination is from the 
Holy Spirit, who cannot be limited and 
who may therefore call any individual, 
regardless of race, sex, or sexual 

The statement was drafted and signed 
July 1 1 at the triennial meeting of the 
Conference on the Religious Life in the 
Anglican Communion in the Americas. 
It is an organization of 24 communities 
comprising 450 to 500 monks and nuns. 

Twenty of the 24 member 
communities were represented at the 

"It is the first time the Conference has 
taken such a stand and one of the rare 
times the Conference has issued a 
statement around a General Convention 
issue," said the Rev. Richard G. Johns, 
its general secretary. 

Holy Cross Newsletter 

Episcopal clergy during each of their 
four years at the university. 

The fund was created through a 
bequest from 1951 alumnus the late 
George Hopper and gifts from the 
Hopper family. The first scholarships 
were awarded during the 1991-92 
academic year and are available to 
students regardless of financial need. 

Hopper, who practiced law in Golden, 
Colo., was the son of an Episcopal 
clergyman. His widow, Sally, who 
played a crucial role in the creation of 
the Hopper fund, is the daughter of an 
Episcopal bishop. She currently serves in 
Colorado's state legislature. 

For more information on the Hopper 
scholarship fund, contact the Office of 
Financial Aid at (615) 598-1312. 

News Brief 

Forth Worth, TEX.-Citing its 
disapproval of the actions of General 
Convention, a parish in the Diocese of 
Fort Worth has voted to leave the 
Episcopal Church and seek affiliation 
with the Roman Catholic Church. "We 
were concerned about the church's 
inability to affirm traditional Christian 
morality," said the Rev. Allan Hawkins, 
rector of die Church of St. Mary the 
Virgin in Arlington, Tex. 

Episcopal News Service 


News of the Anglican Communion 

Anglican envoy Terry Waite released 
after nearly five years as hostage 

LoNDON-Church bells throughout 
England welcomed Anglican envoy 
Terry Waite back home after nearly five 
years as a hostage in Lebanon. And the 
vicar of Waite's parish in London 
snuffed out a special candle kept burning 
throughout his captivity — and thanked 
God for answering the prayers of people 
all over the world. 

"I think you can imagine that, after 
1,763 days in chains, it's an 
overwhelming experience to come back 
and receive your greetings," Waite said 
to a cheering crowd waiting for him at an 
air base near London. 

The Islamic Jihad released Waite and 
American hostage Thomas Sutherland on 

Nov. 18 after announcing in a terse note 
that the group intended to "complete 
what we have started with the United 
Nations Secretary General Perez de 
Cuellar." Waite said at a Damascus 
news conference that the remaining three 
American hostages would be released 

Lord Robert Runcie, former 
archbishop of Canterbury, and his 
successor, George Carey, met Waite at 
the airport. Waite was on a mission for 
Runcie seeking the release of American 
hostages when he disappeared in Beirut, 
Jan. 20, 1987. 

Episcopal News Service 

Archbishop Carey praises missionary work 

During his first official overseas visit 
as archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. George 
Carey said that missionary work took a 
bad rap from charges that missionaries 
had been spurred by colonial objectives. 
"England itself may need missionaries," 
Carey added during a press conference in 
Port Moresby, as he kicked off his 10- 
day visit to Papua New Guinea (PNG) in 
early August. Carey was there to join 
the centenary celebrations of the 
Anglican Church. Carey said that the 
church in Papua New Guinea had 
"enviable figures" compared with the 
English church. "England itself may 
need missionaries to come to us with the 

same verve and fervor as they did one 
hundred years ago to this land," the 
archbishop stated. Carey emphasized 
that he looked forward to seeing how 
traditional Anglican expression blended 
with indigenous customs in the worship 
practiced by the PNG Anglican Church. 
Referring to recent favorable studies 
about the sensitivity of missionaries to 
people's customs, Carey said, "Christ 
changes people and institutions. He 
never destroys good customs, but he 
refines them and makes them better." 

Episcopal News Service 

Apartheid victim still compassionate 

The terror of a letter bomb that maimed African National Congress member, the 
Rev. Michael Lapsley, has only deepened his compassion for others. The bomb 
attack has left Lapsley with the conviction that victory over apartheid is possible. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury's Message, Christmas, 1991 

I am very glad to inherit the tradition of 
the archbishop of Canterbury's 
Christmas letter to the Anglican 
Communion. Christmas is a time when 
families try to be together, so I am happy 
to be in touch with members of our 
Anglican family, and to wish you the joy 
and peace of the new-born Christ. 

I write this letter in October, so it is 
now six months since I was installed in 
St. Augustine's Chair in Canterbury 
Cathedral as the 103rd archbishop, and 
Archbishop Manasses Kuria of Kenya, 
as the senior primate of the communion, 
gave me God's blessing. Within a few 
feet of my chair stood the other primates 
groups around me, and already from our 
meeting in Ireland the previous week I 
knew them as friends. So much has 
happened since then, but nothing can 
detract from that enthronement service in 
Canterbury Cathedral on April 19. 
Perhaps you have seen photographs of it, 
or even the video, and can imagine what 
it meant to me to receive so much 
encouragement and support. Thank you 

for the hundreds of messages of prayer 
and love that I have received from you 

During these six months I have 
discovered what striking contrasts there 
are between the splendor of our calling 
as Christians and the pain of our world. 
According to the shepherds, the coming 
of Christ was hailed by a choir of angels, 
and greeted with a heavenly chorus. 
They sang the praises of God. But the 
birth in the stable, the threat of 
persecution, and the escape into Egypt 
speak about a very down-to-earth and 
familiar world. It's a world that many of 
our Anglican churches still inhabit 
today — the world of refugee camps, 
oppression, and cruel hardship. Yet that 
is where the message of the angels first 
came, and where we are asked to take the 
message today. You have only to think 
for a moment of some of the countries to 
which those primates at Canterbury 
belong — Liberia, Sudan, Bangladesh, 
Ireland, the Middle East — to realize how 
much the world's pain needs to be healed 

by Christ. 

Christ came on a mission of love from 
God. He calls us to share his mission. In 
many of the churches of the communion 
we are struggling with some of life's 
complexities — ecumenical dialogues, 
interfaith challenges, theological 
dilemmas — all are necessary tests of our 
discipleship. But I want to affirm also 
the fundamental simplicities of Christian 
faith — the generosity and goodness of 
God, his forgiveness of sins, his love for 
us all, and the hope and healing he offers 
us in Christ. This is the message of 
evangelism to which our communion is 

Early in January I shall pay my first 
overseas visit of 1992. I am joining 
Bishop Samir Kafity and others in 
Jerusalem to celebrate the 150th 
anniversary of the founding of the 
Jerusalem bishopric. We shall give 
thanks to God for all that the Anglican 
Communion has been able to achieve in 
the Holy City and Holy Land, and for the 
witness of the church there today. 

While I am there I shall join in the 
Epiphany celebrations. In the West, 
January 6 is the festival of the Epiphany: 
in the East it is the festival of Christmas. 
That night I shall be in Bethlehem at the 
Church of the Nativity among our 
Orthodox friends. We shall sing the 
goodness of God — but around us we 
shall not be able to ignore the misery, 
fear, and conflict that people suffer there. 
This is the constant setting of our 
Christian life. This is where we offer our 
love and praise to the Father for sending 
us his Son. This is where in his name we 
serve one another, help one another, and 
call people to share in his redeeming 
love. May his light continue to lead and 
guide you and your family in this coming 

The Most Rev. and Right Honorable 
George R. Carey 
Archbishop of Canterbury 

Episcopal News Service 



LARC speaker stirs up tempest 

By Ed Devany 

Pine Knoll Shores, Nov. 19-20 — At 
the sixth annual LARC (Lutheran, 
Anglican, Roman Catholic) East 
Ecumenical Conference at Trinity 
Center, located on the North Carolina 
coast, the topic "Human Sexuality and 
Ecumenical Dialogue" was as explosive 
as might have been expected. Whether it 
was a blast clearing progress-blocking 
underbrush, or one obliterating the path 
ahead, remains to be seen. 

Speaker Richard J. Niebanck, pastor 
of the Lutheran Church of the Redeemer, 
Maywood, N. J., examined three areas: 
(1) the situation we find ourselves in as 
Christians today, (2) shared doctrinal 
landmarks and (3) practical (regulative) 

He responded to questions raised at 
LARC East V — How is it possible to 
mediate between doctrines of faith, and 
pluralism, and how is it possible to make 
a public impact without offending the 
consciences of members? Churches, 
said Niebanck, needed to rise above 
these low level — managerial, political — 
concerns and to resume operations on the 
high level, employing doctrines of the 
church and doctrines of human nature for 
effective pastoral care. 

Religion only a commodity? 

"The consumer ethos permeates all of 
us," Pastor Niebanck said, "We see 
ourselves as marketers, merchandisers. 
He cited a Lutheran effort at targeting a 
"market group" (disaffected Roman 

"Are you an active Roman 
Catholic? We rejoice if you are. 
However, if you're not active, we 
welcome you to the sacramental 
conviviality of the Lutheran Church." 

He spoke of people coming as 
consumers to churches, which are seen 
as purveyors of a commodity, people 
seeking legitimation without subscribing 
to any precepts of canon law, or moral 
theology: couples wanting marriage 
ceremonies tailored to their fancies, 
divorced parties seeking to remarry 
without first addressing matters of 
forgiveness and repentance over 
previous failed unions. He saw pro- 
abortion, homosexual, and other activist 
groups demanding rights rather than 
seeking reconciliation, attacking any 
form of objection or disagreement as 
insensitive, or homophobic. 

Nevertheless, in responses, and small 
groups following, there was a strong 
sense that Niebanck 's approach was 
judgmental, off-putting, that we should 
listen to people, that these suffering 
consumers are the people sent to us, for 
better or worse, by God. 

Obedience vs. 'wholeness' 

Inexplicably, Pastor Niebanck chose 
to begin the "common doctrinal 
landmarks" segment of the program by 

having his wife read a parody of the 
woman taken in adultery story. 
Portraying the woman as a flaky, glib 
yuppy, the parody ended with Jesus 
picking up the first stone himself to hurl 
at the woman. (Soon enough, verbal 
stones were being hurled from all 
directions at Pastor Niebanck.) 

His catalogue of shared doctrinal 
landmarks included: 

We are creatures — male and female — 
created by God in a situation of 
answerability and stewardship (or 
dominion). It is in having dominion that 
we exercise our Godlike qualities. 

Marriage comes from the beginning 
of creation. Sexuality is the means of 
propagation, and pleasure and fulfillment 
are by-products whereby male and 
female beget children and provide for 
their nurturing and protection. 

With these biblical views normative 
to all of us, we see the "life, liberty and 
the pursuit of happiness" in the 
Declaration of Independence as "life is a 
gift, liberty is a means, and happiness is 
a by-product of obedient living." 

Against this viewpoint is ranged a 
world-wide army of neo-pagans telling 
us we need to recover our divinity, our 

But, the Bible tells us only God is 
Divine. We are finite, and broken, 
needful of the redemption of Christ's 
life, death, and resurrection. 

Warns of ' post-modernity' 

In the third and final plenary session 
the next morning (by which time, East 
Carolina Episcopal Bishop B. Sidney 
Sanders later observed, "Our numbers 
have shrunk" — a number of angry and 
deeply disturbed participant had departed 
overnight), Pastor Niebanck concluded, 
"The culture of Post- Modernity wants 
the Church demolished, to make it out as 
a moral dinosaur, unloving, insensitive." 

He cited how, in New York, the 
Cardinal/Archbishop is seen as punitive, 
moralistic; how warning people against 
the dangers of smoking is considered a 
moral imperative, while warning them 
against promiscuity is considered an 
intrusion. He cited a homosexual saying 
he had the right to give blood without 
being questioned as to his sex habits. He 
read from the Marquis de Sade, "The 
torch of reason has overcome the 
teachings of morality." 

Bishops' summaries 

In the Bishops' summaries, host 
Bishop Sanders noted that sexual 
relations are sick because all relations 
are sick, that the real problem of our 
society is not sexuality, but loneliness. 
The church has missed the boat by not 
becoming a secondary support family for 
all kinds of people. 

Episcopal Suffragan Bishop 

Huntington Williams of the Diocese of 
North Carolina quietly compared Pastor 
Niebanck's position to that of 
conservative U. S. Senator Jesse Helms, 
saying that while Helms evoked feelings, 
Pastor Niebanck evoked thoughts, and 
for thoughts the Bishop was grateful. 

Father Mike Shugru, representing the 
Catholic Archdiocese of Raleigh in 
Bishop Joseph Gossman's absence, 
thanked Pastor Niebanck for recalling 
the centrality of God. He noted that now 
Catholics do connect procreation and the 
fostering of mutual love. 

"Experience," added another priest, 
"is one of the ways God speaks to us." 

Another participant suggested, "I 
think the church needs to address the 
hurt in people, and not just see them as 
the enemy." 

And, in a final response to earlier 
acrimony, someone from the group cited 
the Credo of Alcoholics Anonymous: 

"All are welcome. 

All admit brokenness. 

With God's help, they assist one 


in overcoming brokenness. 
And, if they slip, fall away, 
they can still come back." 

Ed Devany, a Chapel Hill free lance 
writer, is a communicant of the Chapel 
of the Cross. 

Ecumenical congregation launched in Virginia 

Episcopalians joined Lutherans and Presbyterians in signing a covenant that launched Trinity Ecumenical Parish in 
Virginia. (Photo by Mary Lee Simpson/Episcopal News Service.) 



Historians hear defense of Bishop Ives 

By E.T. Malone Jr. 

Tarboro, Nov. 9 — Warm hospitality 
and a lively program compensated parish 
historians from across the diocese who 
gathered here at venerable Calvary 
Church on a chilly, blustery, stormy day. 

This meeting of the Episcopal Church 
Historians, sponsored by the diocesan 
Department of Records and History, 
heard a greeting from the new diocesan 
historiographer, a discussion of the status 
of historic churches, a lecture defending 
the career of apostate Bishop Levi S. 
Ives, a call for revision of parish 
historical sketches, and a report on the 
use of microfilm in preserving church 

Representing Calvary Parish in 
greeting the visitors were Connie M. 
Hull, chairman of the parish archives and 
history committee, and parish historian 
Jaquelin Drane Nash. 

The Rev. Diane B. Corlett, head of 
the diocesan Department of Records and 
History and rector of Christ Church, 
Cleveland, presided and introduced new 
diocesan historiographer the Rev. Dr. 
Richard W. Pfaff, professor of history at 
the University of North Carolina in 
Chapel Hill. 

'Broaden your horizons' 

"All parish history is also human 
history," Pfaff told the group. He urged 
them to broaden their horizons in terms 
of the types of documents and items that 
they preserved. In addition to the 
obvious vestry minutes and parish 
registers, they should keep files of 
bulletins, pictorial directories, 
information about non-clerical 
employees, non-confidential 
correspondence related to clergy 
searches, self-studies, architectural plans, 
candid photographs, copies of sermons, 
and Church School records. As the 
parish must be understood as part of its 
larger community, Pfaff encouraged 
them to collect information on the 
community as a whole, especially data 
such as population changes, major 
employers and the opening and closing 
of plants, and the openings of new 
retirement homes. 

Maintain Episcopal presence 

Jane House of St. Paul's, Louisburg, 
explained the activities of the Committee 
on Historic Churches, a subdivision of 
the Department of Properly 
Management. Established three years 
ago, the committee, of which she is 
chairman, evaluates properties that 
should be preserved. Mrs. House, who 
also serves as ex-officio on the 
Department of Records and History, said 
that prior to the establishment of the 
committee, the diocese had active 
preservation programs at St. John's, 
Williamsboro; St. Andrew's, Woodleaf, 
Rowan County; and St. Mary's Chapel, 

Orange County. 

Since that time, preservation 
organizations have been established at 
St. Philip's, Germanton; St. James', 
Kittrell; and Grace Church, Lawrence, 
Edgecombe County. 

"We are looking at churches that no 
longer have congregations," she 
explained. "Our goal is for them to have 
one service each year in order to 
maintain the Episcopal presence." The 

important function of a church historian, 
the Rev. Canon Michael T. Malone of 
Charleston, S.C., emphasized in a lecture 
about how the career of North Carolina's 
second bishop Levi Silliman Ives was 
sensationalized and distorted by those 
who disapproved of his conversion to 
Roman Catholicism in 1852. 

Malone, a North Carolina native who 
wrote a biography of Bishop Ives as a 
doctoral dissertation at Duke University, 

James Hart portrait of Bishop Ives confirming students at Saint Mary's, 1845. 

Diocese of North Carolina owns the land 
and buildings of inactive churches. "Old 
Trinity in Scotland Neck, which is owned 
by the present active parish in the town, 
is in a different category but still needs 
our attention," she added. Old 
cemeteries associated with Episcopal 
churches are also of interest to the 

"Finally, we want to look at living 
congregations over 100 years old, to 
reaffirm their ministries," she said. 

A vilified bishop 

Trying to set the record straight is one 

maintained that contemporary critics of 
Ives claimed that he was mentally ill 
and dishonest. Later state historians 
passed on these allegations as facts, he 

Ives naively believed that people 
would follow his lead as bishop in 
introducing liturgical changes and a 
limited form of monasticism in the 
Order of the Holy Cross which he 
established at Valle Crucis. Ives asked, 
"If the Episcopal Church refuses parts 
of ancient Catholic practice, how can it 
be part of the Holy Catholic and 
Apostolic Church?" Eventually 

disillusioned by the bitter attacks against 
him, he left the Episcopal Church. 

Ives, Malone maintained, did not 
understand the depth of anti-Catholic 
feeling in the South. He was neither 
dishonest nor mentally unbalanced, but 
rather simply doctrinally at odds with his 

Importance of microfilming 

Following lunch served in old Clark 
Hall by the ECW of Calvary Parish and a 
tour of the parish archives, the group 
viewed a video tour of the Calvary 
churchyard, grounds, buildings, and 
plantings, narrated by Mrs. Nash, who 
explained how the local history 
committee decided to experiment with 
making such a video. 

Carolyn Hager, a retired Asheboro 
librarian and genealogist who is a 
volunteer worker in the diocesan 
archives, spoke to the group after lunch 
about the importance of trying to start 
microfilming programs on the local 
level. The North Carolina Division of 
Archives and History in Raleigh has 
microfilmed many records of Episcopal 
parishes and has staffmembers who can 
advise parish historians, she said. At the 
diocesan archives, Hager said she works 
one day weekly "trying to catch up," 
answering letters and calls now that the 
diocese no longer has a full-time 

Regarding organization of the 
Episcopal Church Historians, the Rev. 
Mrs. Corlett said that it was decided by a 
study committee that the group doesn't 
need officers, and that its organizational 
matters can be handled by the 
Department of Records and History. 

She said that Lucy Davis has invited 
the historians to meet at Calvary Church, 
Wadesboro, in 1992. 

E. T. Malone Jr. is editor of The 

CBS to air 
Christmas Eve 
service again 

Few churches ever have the oppor- 
tunity to broadcast their services of 
worship on national television. The 
Cathedral of St. Philip, Atlanta, will 
have that opportunity this Christmas for 
the second year in a row. 

CBS Television Network announced 
in mid-October it had reached an 
agreement with the Episcopal Radio-TV 
Foundation to televise live the 
cathedral's Christmas Eve service at 
1 1:30 p.m. (ET). The program will be 
broadcast in the Raleigh area by WRAL 
television, Channel 5, according to a 
station spokesman. 

1 2 


New books, religious and general 

A History of the Episcopal Church. By 
Robert Prichard. Harris burg, Pa.: 
Morehouse, 1991. 315 pp., $29.95. 

As this book has been widely 
advertised and highly praised by 
respected colleagues, and as it may for 
some years to come probably be 
regarded as the standard history of the 
Episcopal Church, one does not lightly 
express serious misgivings about it. 
Before that task is undertaken it would 
be well to state its virtues. It is even- 
handed, up-to-date in underlying 
research, and painstakingly determined 
to leave no group unmentioned; it is also 
very current, carrying its story to 1990. 
In addition, it is succinct (perhaps too 
much so), and punctuated with fifty-five 
illustrations. All this being so, what is 
there to complain about? 

Three major weaknesses may be 
identified. First, there is a marked 
uncertainty as to the level of both 
readership addressed and scholarship 
presented. While there is certainly room 
for a popular treatment of this subject, as 
there is for a detailed scholarly treatment 
(and, perhaps best of all, for what the 
French call haute vulgarization), what 
we have here is an uneasy mixture. This 
is epitomized by an apparatus of end- 
notes some of which contain references 
to unpublished doctoral dissertations and 
others to old textbooks, Forward 
Movement pamphlets, and even the 
Encyclopedia Americana: is this meant 
for the use of scholars or of high school 
students writing term papers? For 
example, authentication for the possibly 
surprising statement that 'The first 
Virginia legislature (1619) declared its 
commitment to the 'conversion of the 
Savages'" (p. 5) turns out to be a 
Forward Movement publication, whereas 
the acts of the Virginia legislature are 
easily obtainable and are the primary 
source a reader might want to consult. 

Next should be noted the 
poindessness of many of the 
illustrations — most of them simple mug 
shots of people (Episcopalians, to be 
sure) like Theodore Roosevelt, General 
Pershing, and Henry J. Heinz, or tiny 
drawings of stained-glass windows. The 
impression these give is that the reader is 
so simple-minded as to be grateful for 
any breaking-up of the text (which is 
printed on unattractively black pages) by 
pictures, no matter how perfunctory. 

Sometimes, to be sure, the 
illustrations do contribute substantially: 
in such images as the dominating pulpit 
of the Old Chapel in Clarke County, 
Virginia, to show "the increased 
importance of preaching following the 
Great Awakening" (p. 64); David 
Pendleton Oakerhater's drawing of the 
Ladies Archery Club, c. 1880, near the 
Florida fort where he was imprisoned (p. 
163); or the wonderfully 'spiritual' 
painting from St. Mary's Chapel of our 

own diminutive Bishop Ives, 
administering confirmation to a group of 
young ladies, which supplies him with 
the physical stature not bestowed on him 
by his Creator. 

Likewise, the text sometimes departs 
from its prevailing blandness to become 
really interesting reading. We can be 
grateful for such imaginatively selected 
material as the pathetic testimony of the 
rural rector whose salary was cut below 
survival level during the Depression (p. 
218), or the inferences drawn from 
comparing the number of clergy 
photographed wearing neckties in the 
1953 Clerical Directory with those in 
clerical collars (p. 225). On the whole 
the treatment of the Broad Church 
movement is the most consistently 
surehanded; the main thing one could 
wish for in the chapter largely taken up 
with this is simply discussion at greater 

But — here is the biggest problem — 
the distinctive thrust of the book is not 
directed at such well-treated matters as 
these; it is rather (as the author makes 
plain in his Preface) the inclusion of 
"laypersons, females, blacks, Hispanics, 
Asian Americans, and the deaf: in other 
words, a multi-cultural history of the 
Episcopal Church. There is of course 
nothing wrong with this as an idea or 
goal — unless it leads to constructing 
history as we wish it had been rather 
than as stringent investigation indicates 
that it was. To be sure, there were 
efforts, some of them noble and 
enduring, in the direction of all the 
groups mentioned above — for example, 
Gallaudet's work among the deaf or the 
astonishing success of Episcopal 
missionaries among the Sioux in South 
Dakota (pp. 182-183). But the degree of 
multi-cultural sensitivity implied by the 
weight Prichard gives this theme is 
surely an ahistorical back-reading; for 
much of their history most American 
Episcopalians have not been very aware 
of the need, still less of the desirability, 
of what is called here "ministry to other 

groups" (p. 183). 

This widespread blurring, of what 
should have been with what seems in 
fact to have been the case, results in 
distortion in aspects both trivial and 
weighty. As an example of the former, 
surely even such an impeccably liberal 
figure as Dean Sayre was not 
"chairperson" of the Fellowship of 
Reconciliation in 1915, as stated on p. 
197; the locution did not exist then. At 
the other extreme, the distortion of 
greatest weight is perhaps the stress on 
" covenant theology' (the second of the 
distinctive emphases of this volume 
singled out in the Preface) as a driving 
doctrinal force in the history of the 
Episcopal Church. To speak of some 
Episcopalians in the 1820s as those "for 
whom the covenant theology had been 
most important" is again ahistorical: 
those here described — roughly, the early 
high churchmen — would not have heard 
of the "Anglican covenant theology" 
which is said to be so basic to their 
position. We recognize that as a useful 
description of a theological approach 
with widespread and positive 
contemporary ramifications (e.g. as to 
the "ministry of the laity"), but historians 
should try to limit themselves to 
categories and formulations — 
Homoousian, Arminian, Tractarian, 
whatever — integral to the period(s) they 
are dealing with. 

It has seemed necessary to labor this 
point somewhat because it raises a 
consideration of some magnitude: that 
the tone of the book seems to come close 
to mirroring the tone of our 
denomination today, so that to recognize 
the deficiencies of the former may 
suggest reflections about the problems of 
the latter. Such reflections (which can 
only be hinted at here) might include 
wondering whether the blurring of our 
past as an American denomination, to 
say nothing of it as part of the Holy 
Catholic Church, does not encourage us 
to comfort ourselves with a theoretical 
commitment to Mnclusivity' which is 

National Cathedral Christmas 
morning service to be televised 

The Christmas morning service at 
Washington National Cathedral will be 
broadcast on television for a nationwide 
audience again this year. WJLA-TV, 
Channel 7, a division of Albritton 
Communications, will televise live and 
distribute nationally the hour-long 
service for the fifth year in a row. 

"Christmas at Washington National 
Cathedral" will feature the traditional 
Christmas story from the Gospels of 
Luke and John and also the Cathedral 
Choir of Men and Boys performing 
music of the season. Bishop Ronald H. 

Haines will preach and newly-elected 
Dean Nathan D. Baxter will be celebrant. 
The telecast will allow audiences across 
the United States to share in the 
cathedral service which has been an 
American tradition for over thirty years. 

Among the more than fifty stations 
across the country that have agreed to 
broadcast the service are Raleigh- 
Durham WYED (Channel 17), 
Wilmington WWAY, Fayetteville 
WFCT, Charlotte WBTV, and New Bern 

itself stultifying; whether if we convince 
ourselves that we could have been, or 
even in come tiny way were, all things to 
all people we prevent ourselves from 
pursuing a mission which history shows 
us clearly and distinctively to have; and 
whether the ultimately rather depressing 
story this book tells does not challenge 
us to be something with more edge, more 
vividness, than the blandly optimistic 
and somewhat ineffectual body we tend 
to present ourselves as. These are 
serious questions; a book which assists 
us to formulate them has, whatever its 
other shortcomings, performed a 
valuable service. 

Richard W. Pfaff 

The Rev. Dr. Pfaff, a Chapel Hill priest 
and history professor at the University of 
North Carolina, is historiographer of 
this diocese. 

Note to readers 

Books mentioned or reviewed on 
this page may be purchased or 
ordered through our diocesan 
bookstore, Education/Liturgy 
Resources, 140 College St., Oxford, 
N.C. 27565, (919) 693-5547. 

Bold thieves 
increasingly eye 
English churches 

While the number of churchgoers in 
England continues to decline, criminal 
attendance at English churches is 
apparently on the rise. Damage and 
losses to Anglican property in 1990 
totaled about $7.4 million, and one in 
two churches will be burglarized this 
year, predicted the Ecclesiastical 
Insurance Group, which insures most 
Anglican churches. Thieves are now 
more organized, selective, and bolder in 
their efforts. Church boxes, organ pipes, 
doors, and even coffin stools have been 
plundered, with antiques often being 
channeled abroad. In one instance, the 
London Economist reported, a gang of 
thieves employed a fork-lift truck to 
casually remove the stained-glass 
windows of an empty London church. 
The toll upon the church community has 
extended beyond rising insurance rates. 
Churches have been forced to limit their 
hours of public access, and to install 
security lights, intruder alarms, and anti- 
climb paint. A Staffordshire police 
booklet, quoting Revelation, cautioned 
churches to "be watchful and strengthen 
the things that remain." 

Episcopal News Service 




(Continued from page 1) 

are Hispanic, most from Mexico and 
Central America. Few speak English 
and many are undocumented, creating 
problems of communication and limiting 
legal recourse for problems experienced 
on the job. 

The Helping Hands project's primary 
goals are to increase public awareness of 
the problems such workers face, and to 
provide help to the workers themselves 
in legal and medical matters. 

Community health clinics 

Health clinics for poultry workers 
were held in April at Pittsboro and in 
October at Sanford, sponsored by 
Helping Hands and staffed by volunteer 
medical, legal, and social services 

"Several cases of cumulative trauma 
disorders (CTD) were found at the 
second clinic," Lewis said. "We also 
found some other serious, work-related 
injuries. Attendance was much greater at 
the second open clinic, as the word is 
getting around among workers. Many of 
them encounter a certain amount of risk 
in coming to the clinic, the possibility of 
job loss." 

At the Sanford clinic, at least one 
woman who was involved in the Hamlet 
fire spoke to the workers about safety 
aspects, he added. More such clinics are 
planned in the near future, Lewis said. 

Union muddies the waters 

Efforts by a union, the United Food 
and Commercial Workers, to organize 
the poultry plant workers, have 
complicated matters for the Helping 
Hands project, Lewis pointed out. 

This has happened at the same time 
that a consultant's study of the diocesan 
Christian Social Ministries program has 
recommended that it is detrimental for 
CSM to be identified with union activity. 
Helping Hands, said the October 1991 
study by MDC Inc. of Chapel Hill, 
should stick to its stated goals of 
addressing the "physical and mental 
health needs" of poultry workers and 
avoid involvement in organizing workers 
and/or assisting in efforts at 
unionization. "Union organizing would 
also jeopardize support for the project 
within the diocese," the report notes. 

"There is no connection whatsoever 
between Helping Hands and the union 
organizers," Lewis explained. "The 
union has come into the area, 
coincidentally to our efforts; it is a 
reality. We are not opposed to it, but 
some people mistakenly assume that the 
two efforts are related." 

Seeking support for the project 

Support for Helping Hands comes 

from the diocese in the form of its 
commitment of Christian Social 
Ministries director Lewis's time. But 
success will come only when there is 
commitment to the project from local 
churches, he said, as is beginning in 
places such as St. Bartholomew's, 
Pittsboro. "It's got to be organized there; 
our people have to meet the workers, 
listen to them, hear what needs to be 
done, and work with them. A lot of us 
are consumers, and we need to know at 
what price this chicken comes to us. It 
also puts us in touch with the changing 
nature of the community, the rising 
number of Hispanics." 

The original task force has been 
replaced by a board, he noted, but the 
task force worked hard for a year putting 
it all together, advertising for the jobs, 
drawing job descriptions, interviewing, 
and hiring the two directors at Siler City. 

"A sense of disjointedness comes," he 
commented, "from simply being a new 
project, bringing people on board, the 
union coming in, and the fire and its 

The theology behind the effort 

"The laborers who are putting that 
food on our tables are living in abysmal 
situations, absolutely terrible. The 
Church must see that the effort to work 
with workers who are oppressed is the 
very nature of our mission," Lewis 

"These are migrating people. They 
are in situations on the line where they 
are hurt frequently. They are treated like 
machines, and simply replaced when 
hurt. As Christians, if we see that there 
is something harmful, a violation of 
people's rights and human dignity in this 
system, then we must step in," he said. 

Environmental factors are also a 
consideration, as there is considerable 
wastewater pollution from the water- 
intensive production process of these 
plants, he said. The health and safety of 
consumers of the products is another 
factor — the percentage of products 
coming out with salmonella infection is 
alarmingly high. 

This type of advocacy is a traditional, 
natural direction for the Church to move, 
he said, citing Jesus who moved among 
the outcasts and less advantaged people. 

"Many Hispanic workers come here 
with a real sense of working with the 
Church. They are people who have been 
baptized. They wear crosses. In many 
ways they are our guests, and we're not 
treating them very well. The Church 
doesn't have to look for a mission — it's 
right there. The Bible is full of 
agricultural, pastoral imagery — Jesus as 
the worker. We need to join in this 
harvest with him — for our own 

E. T. Malone Jr. is editor o/The 

NOTE: The continued involvement of 
this diocese in advocacy for poultry 
workers and migrant agricultural laborers 
will be the subject of future stories. 


Hamlet vicar thanks diocese 

Thank you all for your support to the 
victims of the fire at the Imperial Foods 
plant in Hamlet. I cannot begin to tell 
you how significant all of your assistance 
has been. From phone calls and notes to 
contributions of money and canned 
goods, the people of our diocese have 
been wonderful. 

Life is now beginning to normalize 
for the community. Still, no single 
employer has been able to absorb the 
unemployed, and some may eventually 
need to relocate to find work. Those 
suffering from smoke inhalation or 
related medical problems continue to 
have huge medical bills. Family 
members of the victims have ongoing 
need for counseling. So, although things 
are less obviously upset in Hamlet, life 
continues to be difficult for those 
affected by the fire. 

Few of the employees of Imperial 
Foods know that they have been in 
Episcopalians' thoughts and prayers. 
But they know that they have received 
much support from people they will 
never meet. On their behalf, and on 
behalf of All Saints' Episcopal Church, 
may I say thank you for everything. 

David C. Sweeney 

Vicar, All Saints' 


Cary couple praised for aid 
to farmworkers 

We give thanks and praise for Jody and 
Henry Vess, communicants of St. Paul's, 

As coordinators for the Episcopal 
Farmworkers clothing ministry located at 
the Tri-County Health Center near 
Newton Grove, they have given untold 
hours of service in the name of our Lord. 
Jody and Henry are an inspiration to the 
other volunteers and to the farmworkers 
themselves. Thanks be to God! 

Barbara Berkeley 

Margaret Skeels 

St. Stephen's, Goldsboro 

Diocese of East Carolina 

Priest protests prolonging of 
' 'Judas Procession* 

The letter in the last issue of The 
Communicant from Mary Virginia 
Morris of the Church of the Messiah in 
Rockingham came as a surprise to me. 
As a retired priest from the Diocese of 
Chicago, now living in Kannapolis and 
active at All Saints' Church in Concord, 
I was appaUed to find that what was 
called "tie Judas Procession" when I 
was in seminary still exists forty years 

While it is my understanding that the 
1979 Book of Common Prayer 
anticipates that the services on Sunday 
will be all Holy Eucharist, I know that a 
great many people still like Morning 
Prayer. How many of them use this 
service daily as is also indicated by the 
Book of Common Prayer is moot. Even 
many of the clergy today do not read 
Morning and Evening Prayer daily. 

Provided that other opportunities are 
afforded for the reception of the Blessed 
Sacrament on Sunday, I can even 
appreciate an occasional service of 
Morning Prayer in a parish or mission 
where it is desired. What bothers me is 
the attitude of a congregation where a 
part of the group leave before the arrival 
of Our Lord in the Blessed Sacrament 
What is the rationale behind this? Not 
time enough on Sunday morning to 
spend more than an hour in church? No 
distinction between the centrality of the 
Holy Eucharist in the life of the church 
and a nice prayer service to make us feel 
good? Could it even be an unintentional 
rejection of Our Lord? 

Strong words, and perhaps 
unwarranted, but the effect upon a 
congregation when a part of it departs 
just when the Church engages in the 
most significant service of worship that 
she has must be devastating to the 
theological understanding of the 

The Rev. Robert E. Blackburn Jr. 

Charlotte job program gets $30,000 

Charlotte — A United Thank Offering 
grant of $30,000 has been awarded to 
establish a satellite of the St. Francis 
Jobs Program Inc. at Walls Memorial 
AME Zion Church. 

This program, following the format of 
the existing St. Francis Jobs Program, 
will work with at-risk youths in small 

Since its inception in 1986, the St. 
Francis Jobs Program, an ecumenical 
partnership of black and white churches, 
has worked to help young men and 
women, ages 18-24, in obtaining and 
holding long-term, career-building 
employment. Its primary source of 

funding is Christ Episcopal Church, 

The program will stress study at 
Central Piedmont Community College 
towards the completion of a high school 
diploma or G.E.D.; parenting classes; 
tutoring in reading and math; workshops 
on substance abuse, sexual 
responsibility, personal motivation and 
self-esteem; spiritual development; job 
development skills; group counseling; 
long-term moral support through a "big 
brother" system; and job placement. 

The funding from UTO will be part of 
a total $58,000 start-up package for one 
year of operation. 

1 4 


Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends, 

As you read this Joyce and I will have 
returned from the portion of our 
sabbatical spent abroad. After spending 
a long weekend in Dorsett with our 
friends Hester (Gregory) and John 
Kirkham, we returned to London and 
then, by hovercraft to France. Paris 
afforded us the chance to visit with 
friends from New York who live there 
and, of course, we did all the things one 
does in that magic city. Our "tour" took 
us from there through the middle of 
France to Orange and Avignon, an 
important spiritual center in the Middle 
Ages and the residence of several 
antipopes (and, of course the famous 
bridge we all sang about in grammar 
school French class). 

James Michener begins his book 
Iberia with the statement that he believes 
anyone interested in either the mystic or 
the romantic aspects of life will, sooner 
or later, define an attitude concerning 
Spain. He maintains that, "philo- 
sophically the concept of Spain intrudes 
into the imagination, creating effects and 
raising questions unlike those evoked by 
other nations." 

We will explore the mystic aspects of 
Monteseratt, Salamanca, and Avila and 
the romantic aspects in its music and 
great museums, especially the Prado. 
Gaudi has always fascinated me in his 
architecture and like the Spanish 
themselves I like El Greco and many of 
the other "adopted" artists. I am not as 

familiar with Goya or Valazquez and I 
look forward to learning more about 
Cervantes, Miguel de Unamuno, Jose 
Ortega y Gasset (whom I've read), and 
Pablo Casals whom I've heard. 

Tom Midyette alerted me to the riches 
that abound in the library at Salamanca 
and surprised me with the information 
that St. Thomas Acquinas' major works 
are preserved there. Only Barcelona and 
Paris pre-date Salamanca as universities 
and Avila is one of the finest medieval 
remnants left in Spain. So we will be 
going back in time. Santa Teresa de 
Avila and (like St. Clare and St. 
Frances), her spiritual companion, Juan 
de la Cruiz, came from this area and, as 
Michener puts it, "illuminated Avila and 
all Spain." Another spiritual giant from 
this region was Ignatius of Loyola, 
founder of the Jesuits and spiritual 
architect of the Counter-Reformation. 

From Spain we will make a brief visit 
to Portugal and Lisbon and then head up 
the coast entering France at Bianitz and 
on to Mount Saint Michel, the World 
War II Landing Beaches, another stop at 
the monastery at Bee and then back to 

The final week abroad will be spent in 
northern Wales at St. Deiniol's library. 
Founded in the last century by the great 
Victorian Prime Minister, William Ewart 
Gladstone, "To escape from the 
pressures of State Affairs" as he himself 
often did in his library-study at 
Hawarden Castle, his "Temple of 


It is there in that library that I hope to 
draw together some of the strands of our 
sabbatical study. For Ignatius of Loyola 
is not unlike those who shaped 
Anglicanism. He endeavored to reform 
the church from within, principally by 
education and the more frequent use of 
the Sacraments and the preaching of the 
Gospel. Charles Gore with his Catholic- 
liberalism, Hooker with his emphasis 
upon Scripture, Reason, and Tradition, 
and William Temple whose social gospel 
was built upon all of this were going to 
the same roots and the same Lord Jesus. 
Part of my search during this time, is to 
make connections along those obvious 
lines, but another part is to look for those 
same revelations in the great artists, 
writers, and creative people in these 
countries we are visiting. For doesn't 
the Psalmist say (Ps.87:6): 

The singers and the dancers 

will say, 
"All my fresh springs are 

in you." 
Joyce and I hope the fresh springs we 
are finding will be things that we can 
share will all of you when we return. In 
the meantime, you are very much in our 
thoughts and prayers. 

Faithfully yours, 

Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends, 

'The loose offering at today's service is 
designated for the Bishop's Discre- 
tionary Fund. 

'The announcement echoes down 

Suffragan bishop's visitation schedule 

December 8 

St. Paul's, Thomasville 1 1:00 a.m. 

St. Christopher's, High Point 3:00 p.m. 

December 15 

St. Peter's, Charlotte 10:00 a.m. 

St. Stephen's, Durham 5:00 p.m. 

January 5 

St. Joseph's, Durham 10:15 a.m. 

January 12 

St. Bartholomew's, Pittsboro 1 1:00 a.m. 

St. Mark's, Raleigh 3:00 p.m. 

January 23 

Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill 6:00 


January 26 

St. Luke's, Eden 1 1:00 a.m. 

St. Timothy's, Winston-Salem 3:00 p.m. 

through the years of my life from the 
time I was a small boy and the Bishop 
came to confirm children older than 
myself, and I heard the word 
"discretionary" for the first time and 
wondered what it meant. It was a word 
I'd never heard used at home in those 
necessity-driven years of the depression. 

Now, I hear it used at least twice a 
Sunday on my Visitations to your 
churches, and I'd like to share with you 
what I find it means, since it was your 
money until you offered it to God and 
gave it away. 

I find that discretion means the power 
to open my eyes to see some of the 
human hurt and need that is all around 
us. I find that it means making the often 
hard choices about how to make the 
money entrusted to me count for 
something important as I pass it along, 
doing bits and pieces of God's Will with 
it. It means: 

♦helping a priest who has lost his job 

pay for long distance calls that may 

enable him to get another; 
♦helping pay for the cost of 

counseling for a person who is 

♦covering the cost of six months' 

medical insurance for a person who 

has been fired; 

♦helping to pay the consultant's fee 
for a congregation that has lost its 
sense of direction because it is so 
upset with its clergy person; 

♦contributing toward a mortgage 
payment for a couple whose jobs 
have evaporated; 

Bishop's visitation schedule 

December 8 

St. John's, Wake Forest 11:00 a.m. 

December 1 1 

Christ Church, Raleigh 5:30 p.m. 

December 15 

All Saints', Warrenton 9:00 a.m. 
Emmanuel, Warrenton 1 1:00 a.m. 
Good Shepherd, Ridgeway 3:00 p.m. 

December 22 

St. Mary Magdalene, Troy 10:30 a.m. 

St. Andrew's, Charlotte 3:00 p.m. 

December 25 

The Penick Home, Southern Pines 10:15 


January 5 

St. Titus, Durham 1 1:00 a.m. 

St. Paul's, Smithfield 4:00 p.m. 

January 12 

Epiphany, Rocky Mount 1 1:00 a.m. 

January 19 

St. Matthias, Louisburg 9:00 a.m. 

St. Paul's, Louisburg 11:00 a.m. 

January 26 

Holy Comforter, Charlotte 8/10:00 a.m. 

♦enabling a person to go to court to 
correct an injustice with the help of a 

♦providing some scholarship money 

enabling a person to share in a People 

With AIDS retreat. 

Discretion is a secret act, wrapped 
inside the mystery of God's love in 

It is a privilege to have discretion, and 
to use it, and to become part of the work 
of the Holy Spirit redeeming some of 
what has been broken or bent or 
imperiled in people's lives. 

It comes in dollar bills and sometimes 
as checks for larger amounts. It comes 
in driblets, but it comes regularly so the 
driblets add up. 

Every Sunday I hear the words 
inviting it, "The loose offering at today's 
service is designated for the Bishop's 
Discretionary Fund." I am called once 
again to be a steward of God's gifts 
entrusted to me. And I am grateful to 
you and to our Lord. 

Faithfully yours, 

Hunt Williams 



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Vol. 83, No. 1 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

January 1992 

Convention opens in Winston-Salem 

Council recommends reduced budget 

Raleigh, Jan. 20— The 176th Annual 
Convention of the Episcopal Diocese of 
North Carolina will open Thursday, Jan. 
30, and continue through Saturday, Feb. 
1, in Winston-Salem, faced with a 
scattering of lingering rumbles from 
unresolved General Convention issues, 
as well as a request to approve a pared- 
down 1992 diocesan operating budget. 
The Convention, which will be held 
at the Marque Hotel and the Benton 
Convention Center, will be hosted by the 
Winston-Salem Convocation. 

Copeland to address luncheon 

Featured speaker for the Christian 
Social Ministries luncheon (formerly 
called the Hunger Luncheon) on Friday 
at 1 1:30 a.m. will be Ms. Tamara 
Copeland, director of the Southern 
Regional Project on Infant Mortality, 
"Hold Out the Lifeline," an initiative of 
the Southern Governors' Association. 
The location of the luncheon will be 
announced at Convention. 

Ms. Copeland works with governors 
and legislators from seventeen Southern 
states and two territories on problems 
related to adolescent pregnancy, and 
infant mortality and morbidity, assisting 
them to identify strategies to correct 
problems, build coalitions, implement 
programs, and identify funding support. 
The cost of the lunch is $7 with the 
proceeds going to the Presiding Bishop's 
Fund for World Relief. 

Council suggests budget cuts 

The Convention will consider 
recommendations from the Diocesan 
Council, which met Dec. 9 at Browns 
Summit and debated various ways to 
revise the 1992 budget, parish 1992 
quota acceptances revealed a shortfall of 
over $170,000. The Council voted to 
accept the maintenance budget, with a 
few minor changes, but made numerous 
reductions in the program budget, 
including a salary freeze for all diocesan 
employees making over $30,000, 
elimination of one half-time secretarial 

BULLETIN: Bishop Estill, 
along with eight other 
religious leaders, met with 
Governor Martin on Jan. 9 to 
plead for clemency for Anson 
Avery Maynard, scheduled for 
a Jan. 17 execution in Raleigh. 
Two days later Governor 
Martin granted that clemency. 

position from the Diocesan House staff, 
and the elimination or reduction of 
several other items, including Planned 
Giving, Parish Grants, and the Overseas 
Commission, and a $15,000 cut in the 
Conference Center budget. Still, an 
$11,000 deficit remains. 

Resolutions from 'A' to 'Z' 

Thirteen resolutions, on topics 
ranging from alcohol to zoology, will be 
considered by the more than 500 
delegates and clergy. Some echo the 
sexual questions of General Convention. 
Others deal with planning, 
environmental stewardship, scriptural 
authority, and substance abuse. 

Schedule on Thursday 

Bishop Robert W. Estill will have 
lunch with diocesan deacons at 1:00 
p.m.At 2:00 p.m. Thursday, registration 
will open for Convention delegates, 
clergy, and guests in the Benton Center. 

Convention committees dealing with 
resolutions are tentatively scheduled to 
hold hearings from 3:00-6:00 p.m., but 
persons interested in attending the 
hearings should double-check the 
announced times when they arrive, as 
they may be subject to change. The 
committees and their places of meeting 
include: Administration of the 
Diocese — Jefferson Davis Room (Lower 
level of the Marque Hotel), Faith and 
Morals — Marque II Ballroom (Lower 
level of the Marque Hotel), National and 
International Affairs — Room 227 
(Second floor of the Marque Hotel, 
Program of the Church — Room 23 1 
(Second floor of the Marque Hotel), and 
Social Concerns — Granville Room 
(Lower level of the Marque Hotel). An 
orientation session for new delegates to 
the convention will be held at 4:00 p.m. 
in the Marque I Ballroom (lower level), 
with the Rev. Bob Sessum presiding. 

The Convention Office (Secretary of 
the Convention) will be located in the 
Benton Center, Room B (adjacent to the 
Convention Hall). 

Delegates will have dinner on their 

From 6:15 p.m. to 7:15 p.m., buses 
will leave for St. Paul's Episcopal 
Church, where a service of Evensong 
will be held. Clergy are requested to be 
present and vested by 7: 10 p.m. The 
service is scheduled to begin at 7:30 
p.m. with the Rev. Dudley Colhoun, 
Homilist and the Rev. Phil Byrum, 

Raleigh rectors combine for 61 years 

The Rev. B. Daniel Sapp, left, Christ Church rector since 1957, and the 
Rev. Louis C. "Corky" Melcher, rector at Good Shepherd since 1964, both 
now retiring, were friendly downtown Raleigh rivals for three decades. 


Buses will return to the hotel from 
9:30-10:00 p.m., and further hearings are 
tentatively scheduled beginning around 
9:45 p.m. Exhibit hall hours are 2:00- 
6:00 p.m. and 9:00-1 1:00 p.m. 

Schedule on Friday 

Delegates will be welcomed by the 
mayor of Winston-Salem, Martha Wood. 
The Friday morning session gets 
underway at 8:00 a.m. with Holy 
Eucharist beginning about 8:10 a.m., 
followed by the Bishop's Address, and 
the first business session. 

Exhibits and the book store will be 
open from 7:00-8:00 a.m., 1 1:30 a.m.- 
1:00 p.m., and 7:00-8:00 p.m. 

In addition to the Christian Social 
Ministries luncheon, there will also be a 
cash luncheon from 1 1:30 a.m. to 1:00 
p.m. in the Benton Center for those who 
have pre-registered for it. The business 
session will resume at 1:00 p.m., 
including the Suffragan Bishop's 
address and Evening Prayer. 

At 7:00-8:00 p.m. there will be a cash 
wine reception at the Benton Center. 

The Convention Banquet, with 
entertainment provided by the Mt. Zion 

Baptist Church Youth Choir, will go on 
from 8:00-1 1:00 p.m. 

Schedule on Saturday 

Following a 7:00 a.m. cash breakfast, 
for those pre-registered for it, in the 
Benton Center, the Saturday morning 
proceedings will get underway with 
Morning Prayer at 8:00 a.m., followed 
by the business session. 

The report of the Council 
Departments of Budget and the adoption 
of a budget for the Diocese are 
scheduled to be the first items of 

(Continued on page 3) 

Procession at Convention 

Bishop Estill has requested all 
diocesan clergy, postulants, and 
candidates for Holy Orders to join in 
the procession at the Convention 
Evensong on Thursday night, Jan. 30, 
at St. Paul's Church in Winston- 
Salem. Participants in the procession 
should be at St. Paul's, vested in 
cassock and surplice, tippet and hood, 
by 7:10 p.m. Ushers will assist clergy 
in locating the vesting area, also to be 
indicated by signs. 

Around the diocese 

Regional workshops scheduled 
for lay eucharistic ministers 

Raleigh — The Rev. Beth Ely, assistant 
to the rector at St. John's, Charlotte, and 
author of the new book A Manual for 
Lay Eucharistic Ministers, will lead a 
series of regional workshops on lay 
eucharistic ministry. 

Sponsored by the diocesan Liturgical 
Commission, the workshops are intended 
for lay eucharistic ministers, clergy, 
those interested in becoming lay 
eucharistic ministers, and simply those 
who are interested in how this special 
ministry functions. 

Workshops are scheduled for 
Saturday, Feb. 8, at St. John's, Charlotte; 
Saturday, Feb. 29, at Diocesan House in 
Raleigh; and Saturday, March 7, at All 
Saints', Greensboro. 

Registration and coffee will be 
provided beginning at 9:30 a.m. The 
workshops will begin at 10:00 a.m. and 
end at 3:00 p.m. Beverages will be 
provided, and participants are urged to 
bring a bag lunch. 

of Holy Trinity Church, 
Greensboro, was the winner of 
N.C. Equity's 1991 Carpathian 
Award for Speaking Out. 
Nominated by the Episcopal 
Church Women of North Carolina, 
Cone was recognized for her 
advocacy of women and families. 
A trustee of UNC-Greensboro and 
Randolph-Macon Woman's 
College, she is active in the 
Episcopal Church, the pro-choice 
movement, and the Republican 
Party. The Carpathian Awards are 
named for the Carpathian women 
of ancient Greece, who were 
renowned for sharing the 
responsibility of government and 

The workshop fee is $5.00 and may 
be sent in advance to the Rev. Philip R. 
Byrum, St. Timothy's Church, P.O. Box 
1527, Wilson, N.C. 27893. For further 
information, call Father Byrum at (919) 

New convocation deans 

Raleigh — New deans were elected in 
three convocations, and four deans were 
reelected at pre-Convention convocation 
meetings across the Diocese held Jan. 
13-15. New dean of the Durham 
Convocation is the Rev. Stephen Elkins- 
Williams, rector, Chapel of the Cross, 
Chapel Hill. New dean of Greensboro 
Convocation is the Rev. Fred Warnecke, 
rector, St. Francis', Greensboro, and new 
dean of Winston-Salem Convocation is 
the Rev. Edward C. Scott, rector, Trinity 
Church, Mt. Airy. Reelected were the 
Rev. Fred L. Thompson, rector, Calvary, 
Wadesboro (Sandhills Convocation); the 
Rev. William Smyth, new rector of 
Calvary, Tarboro (Rocky Mount 
Convocation); the Rev. Jane Gurry, 
rector, St. Mark's, Raleigh (Raleigh 
Convocation); and the Rev. Robert L. 
Sessum, rector, All Saints', Concord 
(Charlotte Convocation). 

Dreams, visions, coincidences 
will be topic of retreat 

Raleigh — "The Encounter with God 
through Dreams, Visions, and 
Meaningful Coincidences" is the theme 
of a retreat to be held at the Camp and 
Conference Center at Browns Summit, 
Feb. 26-28. Participants will consider a 
variety of such spiritual experiences as 
practical methods of coming to know the 
reality of the spiritual world and the 
Christ who is victor there. Retreat 
leaders will be the Rev. Robert K. 
Pierce, rector, St. Paul's, Smithfield; the 
Rev. Wilson A. Carter, rector, Grace 
Church, Lexington; and the Rev. 
William S. Brettmann, diocesan director 
of continuing education. For further 
information contact Father Brettmann, 
P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, N.C. 27619- 

New Communicant/iea/wre: 
'Focus on the Parishes' 

Raleigh — Beginning with the March 
issue, The Communicant will add a new 
regular feature, "Focus on the Parishes," 
patterned after the "Parish Profile" type 
of story that is carried by many church 
newspapers. Each article will be an in- 
depth profile of one parish, with a 
photograph of the church and 
information about its clergy, staff, 
programs, history, and concept of 

Youth events in March 

Raleigh — Coming up in March at 
Browns Summit are two outstanding 
events for Diocesan Youth — Middlers 
Winter Conference, for grades 6-8, with 

Vestry at Saint Mary's College 

Members of the Vestry for 1991-1992 for the chapel at Saint Mary's College 
in Raleigh are, front row, from left to right, Ann Lee of Sumter, S.C., and 
Lainey Milani of Raleigh; second row, Anna Taylor of Ahoskie, Charlotte 
Bikie of Wilson, Anne Glenn of Charlotte, Mimi Pinner of Poquoson, Va., 
and Emily Workman of Mebane; top row, Lisa Furukawa of Wilmington, 
Sarah Montgomery of Raleigh, Dow Perry of Colerain, and Sidney Coggins 
of Raleigh. 

the theme "Free to Be the Sexual Me," 
on March 6-8, and Happening No. 19, 
for grade 9-college freshmen, set for 
March 27-29. For further information 
contact Diocesan Youth Coordinator 
Frances Payne Smyth (919) 536-3525, or 
for more information about Happening 
No. 19, contact Laura Smith, St. Paul's 
Church, 520 Summit St., Winston- 
Salem, N.C. 27101, (919) 723-4391. 

St. Philip's honors Midyette's 
25th anniversary of ordination 

Durham — Parishioners, friends, and 
colleagues past and present honored the 
Rev. C. Thomas Midyette III, rector of 
St. Philip's, Durham, with a special 
celebration here on Jan. 6, the Feast of 
the Epiphany, marking the 25th 
anniversary of his ordination to the 

Bishop Robert W. Estill was celebrant 
for a festival high Eucharist with 
reaffirmation of ordination vows, and the 
Rev. Don Raby Edwards, rector of St. 
Stephen's Church, Richmond, Va., was 
the preacher. Edwards was a participant 
in Midyette's ordination 25 years ago. 
The collection from the service went for 
Episcopal Church work in Belize, a 
special interest of Midyette's. 

Local composer Ben Keaton drafted a 
special arrangement of "We Three 
Kings" for the occasion, and a 15-inch 
high cake was crafted with subtle artistry 
in the semblance of the honoree. 

The women of the church prepared a 
buffet for a reception held in the Urban 
Ministry Center located immediately 
behind St. Philip's. Midyette was 
instrumental in founding of the Center 
and of the St. Philip's Community 
Kitchen that preceded it, with a mission 
to feed the homeless in Durham. 

Midyette received a variety of gifts. 

Representatives were on hand from 
two former parishes where he was 
rector — St. Paul's, Beaufort, and St. 
Paul's, Clinton. 

News Brief 

Washington — Bishop Ronald Haines, 
early in December, formalized his 
intention to call for the election of a 
suffragan bishop. 

The Communicant (USPS 392-580) is 

published bimonthly, in January, March, 
May, July, September, and November, by 
the Episcopal Diocese of Norm Carolina, 
201 St. Albans Drive, Raleigh, NC 


The RL Rev. Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop 

The Rt. Rev. Huntington Williams Jr. 


The Rev. E.T. Makme Jr. 

Non-diocesan subscriptions are $10.00. 
Submissions are welcome and are due on 
the 10th of the month for the issue dated 
the following month. 

Please send letters and address 
changes to: The Communicant; 
P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 27619. 

The Communicant is a member of 
the Associated Church Press and the 
Association of Episcopal Commuracators. 
Second-class postage paid at Raleigh, 
North Carolina, and at additional post 


The St. John's, Charlotte, delegation 
(25 strong) had a fantastic time learning, 
praying, playing, and partying their way 
into the New Year at Kanuga, Dec. 27- 
Jan. 1 at the 16th annual Winterlight 
youth conference. There were over 350 
participants from across the Southeast. 


On Thursday, Feb. 13, at 7:30 p.m. the 
Rev. Dr. Nathan Baxter will be 
installed as Seventh Dean of the 
Washington National Cathedral. 


Bill Holland is new Senior Warden and 
Locke Allison is new Junior Warden for 
1992 at Trinity, Statesville. 

Deacons of the Diocese have been 
invited to have lunch with Bishop Estill 
at 1:00 p.m. on Thursday, Jan. 30, the 
first day of Diocesan Convention in 
Winston-Salem at the Benton 
Convention Center. 

At St. Paul's, Smithfield, the new 
Senior Warden for 1992 is Gene 
Johnson and new Junior Warden is 
Billie Stevens. 

Church of the Holy Innocents, 
Henderson, concluded the Christmas 
season and ushered in the season of 
Epiphany with a Feast of Lights service 
on Jan. 5, Epiphany Eve, followed by a 
Wassail Party with wassail, Twelfth 
Cake, and Twelfth Night fellowship. 
Parishes across the Diocese celebrated 
Twelfth Night, according to local 
customs, with evensong, pot luck 
suppers, and King's Cake with hidden 
lucky coins. 


MONKEY SEE?: An anonymous 
person clipped out and mailed to us the 

Convention opens 

(Continued from page 1) 

business of the Saturday morning 

Lunch is scheduled at noon. 

Immediately following lunch, the 
convention is scheduled to adjourn into a 
Committee of the Whole for a 50-minute 
open discussion of "the hopes and 
concerns of delegates." No legislative 
action will be taken during this period, 
and individuals will be limited to one 
presentation lasting no longer than three 

After this, the Convention will return 
to order and continue until adjournment. 

Exhibit hours on Saturday will be 
7:00-8:00 a.m. and noon to 1:00 p.m. 

This and that, from all over 

photograph published in the 
November/December Communicant 
featuring Bishop Richard Grein of New 
York and a chimpanzee, which carried 
the tagline "Lower primate and 
Episcopal Bishop" and which was taken 
at a blessing of the animals service. Our 
anonymous correspondent was 
sufficiently intelligent to recall that 
bishops are also termed "primates" 
because of their position of primacy in a 
diocese, and possessed the additional 
cleverness to comment: "Oh, cute. 
Which one is the Bishop?" The editor 
takes credit for mindlessly copying the 
ready-made tagline supplied by the 
Episcopal News Service. You mitre 
known I couldn't cope. 

scheduled for May 22-24 at the Camp 
and Conference Center. For further 
information call her at (919) 846-8477. 

The Rev. Rick Callaway and Wynn 
Rainey were married on Dec. 7 at St. 
Michael's, Raleigh. 


Diocesan Coordinator for Youth 
Activities, Frances Payne, was married 
on Dec. 28 at St. John's, Williamsboro, 
to the Rev. William E. Smyth, rector of 
All Saints', Roanoke Rapids. 


Education for Ministry (EFM) 

coordinator Mary Mainwaring reports 
that the next EFM Mentor Training is 

The Rev. Carl Franklin Herman of 

Greensboro, who became a familiar face 
for thousands of Convention delegates 
during his many years as Secretary of the 

Diocese, died Nov. 23. He was for over 
30 years rector at St. Andrew's, 
Greensboro, and since his retirement in 
1977 had been vicar at St. Paul's, 


The Rev. James R. Fortune of Littleton, 
who served from 1943-1977 as missioner 
to the deaf in this diocese, died Jan. 2. 
After his retirement in 1977 he had 
served as part-time priest-in-charge at St. 
Alban's and St. Anna's, Littleton. 

LAST ISSUE'S COVER: Several people 
have asked about the photograph used on 
the cover of the November/December 
Communicant. It was a rear view of the 
old Chapel of the Cross on a rare snowy 
day in Chapel Hill about 90 years ago. 

Asked at the church door 

When to make sign of the cross? 

Why do some people make the sign of 
the cross during the service? When is 
the right time to make the sign of the 

There are two primary reasons people 
make the sign of the cross during the 
liturgy: as a symbolic way of reminding 
us of our baptism and as a way of 
personally affirming me liturgical texts. 

The average Episcopalian makes the 
sign of the cross this way: first, touch 
yourself on the forehead (where we were 
sealed in baptism); then, touch you 
chest, making (in effect) the bottom of 
the cross. Then touch your left breast, 
then the right breast, and then, finally, 
the center of die cross you have just 
designed. We make five points because 
our Lord endured five wounds on the 
cross (the last being his pierced side). 

There are variations on this. Roman 
Catholics generally touch themselves 
four times rather than five. The 
Orthodox touch right breast, then left 
breast. Some individual people have 
another, personal method. 

What are the appropriate points in the 
liturgy to make the sign of the cross? 
Where it has meaning for you. Do not 
concern yourself with what other people 
are (or are not) doing. The most 
common time is at the closing blessing, 
symbolically accepting the church's 
blessing as the priest pronounces it. 

There are other traditional points in 
the liturgy to make the sign of the cross: 
the opening acclamation, as a physical 
expression of the words and a way to 
focus our attention on the Lord we 
worship; when the Holy Trinity is 

directly invoked, especially before 
and/or after sermons; as the priest 
pronounces absolution; before receiving 
the body and blood; in the creeds, when 
we refer to the resurrection of the dead. 

As you see, there are many traditional 
moments when people make the sign of 
the cross. Few exercise all of the 
options, which leads to a more general 
comment about devotional practices of 
personal piety. 

Acts of piety can help us enter more 
fully into the liturgy, the work of the 
people of God. We all have different 
backgrounds, different experiences, 
which help us define our devotional 
practices individually. 

For example, many Episcopalians 
bow towards the sanctuary around the 
altar as they enter the church. Some 
people bow as a sign of respect for this 
sacred space, a space which represents 
the mysteries of God. Others bow as a 
symbolic request for permission to 
worship, as if to say, "Lord, may I enter 
your house?" Some bow from their deep 
sense of thankfulness for God's grace. 
There is no definitive right or wrong 
interpretation of an act of piety. 

Some Episcopalians dislike public 
expressions of piety, such as those 
described above. To them, these are 
distractions to their worship. They may 
even dismiss other people's expressions 
of piety as showing off. 

Some people may, indeed, be 
showing off. Most, however, are merely 
using physical actions as a means of 
drawing their whole attention away from 
every day life and towards their worship. 

In deciding to develop a particular 

devotional practice (or not to), the 
essential question must be: "What does 
this practice mean to me? Does it mean 
anything, or am I simply using an empty 
gesture I saw other people do?" 

While it helps to learn the traditional 
purpose of a given act, that traditional 
understanding may be meaningless to 
you, even if you find the practice itself 
of devotional benefit. So, what does it 
mean to you? Does it enhance your 
worship? Only you can make this 

"Asked at the Church Door" is a 
column prepared by members of the 
Diocese of North Carolina' s Liturgical 

Fenhagen to head programs 
for Cornerstone Project 

New YoRK-The Cornerstone Project, a 
national venture to strengthen the 
ordained ministry of the Episcopal 
Church, will soon be represented in a 
key role by one of the most respected 
figures in theological education, the 
Very. Rev. James C. Fenhagen, dean and 
president of the General Theological 
Seminary in New York. 

Presiding Bishop Edmond L. 
Browning, making the appointment with 
funding from the Episcopal Church 
Foundation, said, "We are delighted that 
he has accepted this commission. 
Cornerstone has already made a 
significant impact on clergy 
development, and we hope with Dean 
Fenhagen's contributions clergy 
throughout the country will benefit." 


Alumnae, friends increase gifts to Saint Mary's 

Editor's Note: This is the third in a 
series of stories on the Sesquicentennial 
of Saint Mary's College. The next story 
will take a look at academics and 
campus life, and the final article will 
discuss the college's history and 

By E.T. Malone Jr. 

Raleigh, Jan. 20— At midpoint through 
Saint Mary's College's 150th academic 
year, President Clauston Jenkins and 
Director of Development Henry Read 
discussed with The Communicant some 
of the hard facts of keeping a small, 
church-related woman's college going. 

Saint Mary's experienced the best 
fund-raising year in its history during 
1989-1990, bringing in over S2.5 million 
in donations, President Jenkins noted, 
but at the same time, he said, costs are 
rising and some traditional sources of 
giving are drying up. Giving from 
alumnae, however, remains strong. 

Dependence on tuition troubling 

"If we have a financial problem," said 
Dr. Jenkins, "it's that 85% of our 
revenue is from student tuition and fees, 
which leaves us very vulnerable to 
fluctuations in enrollment." Most 
private schools, he said, derive only 60- 
65% of revenue from student tuition and 

In a typical year, the remainder of 
Saint Mary's revenues comes from the 
Episcopal Church (dioceses, parishes, 
and Episcopal Church women's 
chapters) — about 5%; from gifts and 
grants — about 5%; and from state and 
federal funds — also about 5%. 

More help needed from Church 

Giving to Saint Mary's from the 
Episcopal Church has not grown, pointed 
out Read. "This puzzles me," he noted, 
"in view of the religious life on campus, 
our chapel program, the emphasis on and 
sympathy towards religious thought in 
our classrooms, and the leadership our 
graduates provide for the Episcopal 

Sue Battle Moore (Class of 1963) has 
been working as a volunteer liaison 
officer with church leaders through 


alumnae to make Saint Mary's better 
known, Read said. She has stopped 
temporarily due to illness but expects to 
return in the near future, he said. 

The college is owned by five 
Episcopal dioceses: North Carolina, East 
Carolina, Western Carolina, South 
Carolina, and Upper South Carolina, 
each of which has a representative on the 
board of trustees. 

The Diocese of North Carolina does 
not allocate any of its annual ooerating 
budget directly to support of Episcopal 
colleges. In 1992, however, the budget 
recommended by Diocesan Council on 
Dec. 9, provides $30,000 for a joint 
chaplaincy for Saint Mary's and N.C. 
State University. Prior to 1992, the Saint 
Mary's chaplain has been paid by the 

Alumnae support encouraging 

The most encouraging development 
on the financial horizon has been the 
increase in alumnae giving in the last 
five years, noted Dr. Jenkins. 

"It indicates support by the alumnae 
and shows what direction they think we 
are headed." 

Read added his praise for alumnae. 
"We have raised over $1 million in four 
out of the last five years, and the 
alumnae have led the charge, providing a 
tremendous demonstration of their 
loyalty to Saint Mary's needs." 

At the close of the fiscal year ending 
June 30, 1991, he said, the College had 
raised $1,280,000 in total gift dollars, of 
which $627,000 was given by graduates. 
Of the remainder, about $410,000 was 
given by friends, $26,500 by parents, and 
$36,000 from the five diocesan owners, 
ECW chapters, and individual parishes 
within them. 

Fewer than 10% of giving units 
within the dioceses give to the College, 
Read said. Over the past three years 
Church giving has averaged about 
$44,000 annually— less than 3% of the 
school's gift total. 

Other revenue sources 

"In fund raising, our biggest problem 
is to get corporations and businesses to 
take Saint Mary's seriously," said Dr. 
Jenkins. "A lot of people think Saint 
Mary's girls are rich and that we don't 
need money." 

Read pointed out that whereas Saint 
Mary's has increased its endowment 
from only $800,000 in 1977 to a market 
value figure now of about $9 million, 
that endowments at other Raleigh 
schools such as Peace College and St. 
Augustine's are more than double that. 

Two-year institutions have less 
success than do four-year schools in 
getting help from business, said Read. 
"Here, the high school presence is a 
factor that sometimes confuses the 
issue — but we like having the high 
school and defend that segment of our 

An outward manifestation...' 

Saint Mary's College Director of Development Henry Read, left, and the 
college's president, Clauston Jenkins, pose in front of the massive brick 
wall and gate erected in 1990 along the Hillsborough Street side of the 
campus in honor of 1944 alumna Betty Johnson Ragland by her family. 

program. Over the last 18 months it 
appears that interest in higher education 
is fading among corporations, in favor of 
interest in social issues and primary and 
secondary education," he said. "We 
have more success with them when 
we're in a large capital campaign. On a 
year-to-year basis we are working with 
local business and having some success." 

New approaches underway 

Utilizing the services of new Major 
Gifts Officer, G. Dodge Geoghegan, 
recently retired from Wachovia Bank, 
the College has begun an ambitious new 
program in planned giving, pointing out 
to potential donors the possible financial 
benefits and tax advantages of gifts to 
Saint Mary's. Planned gifts are usually 
deferred donations of such items as cash, 
securities, real-estate, life insurance 
policies, trust income, and bequests 
through wills. 

Annual fund important 

Read pointed out that giving to the 
annual fund remains very important. 
Total alumnae giving is up 53% since 
1986, he said, but noted that two-year 
schools usually have to share their 
alumnae with at least one or two other 
schools. An important recent 
development boosting giving has been 
the Saint Mary's Reunion Gift Agent 
Program, in which classes combine fund- 
raising with their periodic reunions. 

Last year, Read said, over $400,000 
was raised in unrestricted gifts from 
alumnae. Additionally, he said, support 

from friends has increased dramatically. 
In planned giving, 42% of giving over 
the last three years has come from 
friends, many of them Episcopalians. 
"Much of our work in planned giving," 
he pointed out, "is coordinated for us by 
the National Church." 

Holding the line 

Pointing out that Saint Mary's has had 
a balanced budget for the past 15 years, 
Dr. Jenkins said, "We do that because we 
don't spend what we don't have. The 
faculty and staff cooperate in focusing 
on essential things. Budgets have not 
been growing — that's a reflection of 
enrollment. This year's is about $5.25 
million, compared to about $3,158 
million ten years ago. Operating very 
leanly, we're having to spend a lot of 
money on deferred maintenance because 
of what was neglected in the past. Old 
buildings are tremendously expensive to 
keep up. Intellectually, there is no 
reason to believe that we are an 
anachronism. Evidence shows that 
women's colleges work for women, and 
we are determined to make Saint Mary's 
work better and better." 

Henry Read added, "We hope that 
love of Saint Mary's will prompt people 
to consider helping the College in either 
our planned giving or regular giving 

"But above all, we urge you to send 
us your greatest gifts — your daughters." 

E. T. Malone Jr. is editor of The 


E C I 

D I O C 

O N V 

N T I 

I N S E R 



Armed Forces Commission 

Copies of the new edition of A Prayer 
Book for the Armed Forces (1988) are 
available without charge for distribution to 
parishioners serving in the uniformed 
services of the United States. This edition, 
published for the Bishop for the Armed 
Forces, The Episcopal Church, is 
copyrighted by the Domestic and Foreign 
Missionary Society of The Episcopal 

The forms for Daily Devotions, the 
celebration of the Sacraments, the Psalms, 
and many of the other services and prayers 
in this book are reprinted from The Book 
of Common Prayer of The Episcopal 
Church. The corresponding material in 
Spanish is taken from El Libro de Oracion 
Comun, copyright 1982 by The Church 
Pension Fund, and is used by permission. 
Other prayers are adaptations by the editor 
of prayers from earlier editions of this book 
and from other sources. The Bible 
Readings are adapted from the Revised 
Standard Version of the Bible, copyright 
1946, 1952, 1957, and 1973 by the 
Division of Christian Education of the 
National Council of Churches of Christ in 
the U.S.A. Hymns have been selected 
primarily for use in private devotion, rather 
than in public worship. Since they are 
intended to be used as prayers, instead of 
being sung, no music is provided. 

Twelve clergy requested sixty-six 
copies of this shirt pocket size Prayer Book 
and sixty-six Episcopal Church Service 
Crosses to send to their people on active 
duty during 1991. 

Walter D. Edwards, Jr., Chaplain, 
Major, USAF, Retired 

Commission on Constitution 
and Canons 

During the current year the Commission 
has received no requests to consider new or 
revised versions of either diocesan 
constitution or canons. It has, however, 
given substantial attention to making minor 
clarifying and improving provisions in the 
Rules of Order applicable to the Diocesan 
Convention The proposed rule changes 
are drafted to make clear that: 

1. Once adopted, the 
Convention's Order of Business can be 
changed only by Convention vote; 

2. Preambles and explanatory 
comments preceding or annexed to 
resolutions for adoption are not parts of 
such resolutions for purposes of 
amendment and adoption; 

3. The Convention's presiding 
officer has authority to require any motion 
to be written; 

4. A motion to call for the 
question is allowed; 

5. By whom and when a motion 
for the previous question may be made; 

6. In accord with recent 
Convention practice, substitute resolutions 
rather than amended resolutions are to be 
presented by Convention committees for 
Convention consideration; 

7. Any member of the 
Convention may by motion, duly seconded, 
appeal a ruling of the presiding officer. 

Henry W. Lewis, Chair 

Commission on Historic St. 
Andrew's, Woodleaf 

The 151st anniversary of the 
consecration of St. Andrew's was 
celebrated on August 25, 1991. The 
celebrant and preacher was the Rev. 
William P. Price. The occasion was a 
homecoming for the Rev. Mr. Price, who 
served St. Andrew's, along with churches 
in Woodleaf, Cooleemee, and Fork in the 
late 1940's. He was assisted by the Rev. 
Claude Collins. Special pump organ and 
hammered dulcimer music was enjoyed by 
approximately 200 persons. 

The service was followed by the usual 
meal under the oaks. 

St. Andrew's continues to be a source 
of information which is freely shared with 
many groups: public school students, 
historians, and students of church and 
architectural history. It is the scene of 
weddings and baptisms. 

Guy W. Etheridge, Chairman 

Department of Records 
and History 

The Department of Records and History 
met March 18, April 29, June 3, Aug. 12, 
Oct. 7, and Dec. 12, in 1991. We 
discussed issues pertaining to the 
publication of the Diocesan Journal in the 
absence of an editor employed by the 
diocese. At the department's 
recommendation, a set of deadlines for 
acceptance of reports and other information 
needed for the Journal was sent out to 
diocesan clergy. The department hopes 
that general adherence to these deadlines 
along with clear delegation of 
responsibility will expedite Journal 
publication. The department continues to 
oversee maintenance of diocesan archives 
and offers assistance to parishes and 
missions seeking to update archives or 
preserve their historical record. 

The department hosted a gathering June 
24-28 at the Camp and Conference Center, 
Browns Summit, of the National 
Association of Church Historians. The 
conference for church historians in this 
diocese was held Nov. 9 at Calvary 
Church, Tarboro. 

Diocesan archives have been 
maintained by a volunteer, Carolyn Hager, 
who works in the archives once each week. 

The Rev. Diane B. Corlett, Chair 

Committee for Ministry 
with the Deaf 

The Committee for Ministry with the 

Deaf met Jan. 26, 1991. Funds from the 
trust fund for ministry with the deaf helped 
to sponsor a deaf delegate to Diocesan 
Convention. Davis Moore was the 
delegate for Ephphatha, the special 
mission for the deaf in our diocese. 

Trust fund monies also purchased 
Bibles for deaf children in Lexington and, 
along with youth money, helped sponsor a 
retreat for a deaf youth group. 

Churches serving the deaf community 
in our diocese include: The Church of the 
Nativity, Raleigh; St. Paul's, Winston- 
Salem; St. Mark's, Huntersville, and St. 
Christopher's, High Point. 

The Rev. Diane B. Corlett, Chair 

Communications Commission 

The members of the Communications 
Commission — The Rev. Dr. Earl Brill, 
Becky Christian, the Rev. Tom Ehrich, 
Alice Foster, Betty Hodges, Frank 
MacKnight, Lainey Milani, the Rev. Bill 
Brettmann, and the Rev. Ted Malone — 
have formed a hard-working and effective 
group this year. At its six meetings, the 
Commission has dealt with the following 

Questionnaire: Though delayed by the 
departures of John Justice and Mary Sox 
from the diocesan staff, a questionnaire 
surveying the readership of The 
Communicant was sent out in August to 
1000 randomly selected people in the 
Diocese. Almost 400 questionnaires were 
returned. They were evaluated by a 
professional marketing firm, and the report 
is now being studied by the Commission 
for future action. 

The Communicant: The Commission 
regularly evaluated issues of the paper, 
now published six times a year, and 
suggested changes in content and layout 
for consideration by the editor, Ted 
Malone. Ted reported that The 
Communicant had placed fourth among 
nineteen entries in the Newspaper General 
Excellence category of the Associated 
Church Press. 

Communications network: Several 
avenues for establishment of a diocesan- 
wide communications network were 
explored during the year, but a successful 
formula was not found. 

Communications officer: The 
Commission proposed, for consideration 
by the 1992 Convention, that the Diocese 
re-establish a full-time position of 
Communications Officer. The job would 
include design as well as editorial duties 
for The Communicant and supervision of 
the publication of the Journal. The request 
was made in response to a consensus in the 
group that The Communicant requires 
more editorial time than the ten hours a 
week for which Ted Malone is presently 
paid, and that it is possible to combine the 
editorial and design functions. 

Redefinition of job functions: The 
Commission developed a statement of 
purpose for communications in the 
Diocese, defined the role of the 

Communications Commission, and 
outlined a job description for the 
Communications Officer. 

We plan to work with the Bishop and 
the Long-Range Planning Commission to 
find ways to improve the communication 
of the work of the church in the Diocese of 
North Carolina. 

Judy Lane, Chairperson 

Standing Committee 

Through the date of this report, the 
Standing Committee met nine times to 
carry out its canonically assigned 
responsibilities. It expects to meet two 
more times prior to convention. The 

Committee consented to five Episcopal 
consecrations and one election. 

The Committee reviewed, consented, 
and advised the Bishop to give his written 
consent to real estate transactions by the 
Thompson's Children Home, Inc.; the 
Trustees of the Diocese; Emmanuel, 
Southern Pines; St. Clement's, Clemmons; 
Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill; St. 
Mark's, Huntersville; St. Stephen's, 
Winston-Salem; and Holy Trinity, 
Greensboro, and responded to inquiries 
about real estate matters from Christ 
Church, Rocky Mount, and with respect to 
St. James', Kittrell. 

The Committee carried out its 
responsibilities in connection with the 
ordination process by interviewing and 
recommending to the Bishop seven 
postulants to be admitted as candidates for 
Holy Orders, three candidates to be 
ordained transitional Deacons, two 
candidates to be ordained into the 
vocational Diaconate, and five transitional 
Deacons to be ordained Priest. The 
Committee consented and advised the 
Bishop to shorten the time before 
ordination of four persons in the ordination 
process. It declined to consent in one 
instance. The Committee discussed with 
the Bishop its concern about the ministry 
to the world or "servant ministry" of those 
persons seeking to enter the vocational 

The Committee carried out its assigned 
responsibilities to the Bishop in connection 
with grant applications by advising him to 
interpose no objection in connection with 
two applications. After consultation with 
the Bishop, and a review of the history of 
the role of the Committee as a council of 
advice to the Bishop in connection with 
such applications, it was mutually 
determined that the mandatory role of the 
Committee in connection with grant 
applications be ended. 

The Committee consented to the 
absence of the Bishop from the Diocese 
for more than three months and, at the 
request of the Bishop, designated the 
Suffragan Bishop to be the Ecclesiastical 
Authority during such absence. 

The Committee acted as a council of 
advice to the Bishop on two occasions and 
to the Suffragan Bishop on three occasions 
and conferred with the Bishops on other 



The Committee carried out its canonical 
duties in connection with delinquencies in 
compliance with canonically mandated 
audit requirements. 

Alfred L. Purrington III, Secretary 

Youth Commission 

The Youth Commission, young people 
throughout the Diocese of North Carolina, 
and people involved in ministry with youth 
have experienced another exciting year. 
We continue a challenging and healthy 
period of growth and are thankful for the 
overwhelming enthusiasm, support, and 
hard work from all over the Diocese that 
makes this growth possible. 

A highly visible product of our work is 
the Conference program. Conferences 
offered during 1991 included two senior 
high conferences, two middle grades 
conferences, two conferences for grades 6 
through 1 2, and two work weekends. The 
Fall Middlers' Conference is a new 
addition to the schedule this year, 
reflecting an effort to meet the needs of a 
growing number of enthusiastic young 
people. Young people have been called on 
to examine their lives, decisions, 
spirituality, relationships, and the world 
through challenging conference themes, 
including "You and AIDS," "Oh, the 
Places You'll Go," "Sexuality," and "Who 
Do You Say That I Am?" The hard work 
of many talented adult and youth 
volunteers has made this year's programs 
fun, creative, and stimulating. 

Effective this fall, all youth events have 
a non-smoking policy for all adult and 
youth participants and staff. In a 
community where health, wholeness, and 
care of God's creation are valued, we 
believe we cannot continue to condone 
behavior which is so clearly harmful. We 
knew that this decision would be 
uncomfortable to some and a welcome 
relief to others. Our hope is that it is 
received in the spirit it is given: for the 
growth and enrichment of the community 
of youth in the Diocese. 

As we wrestled with the need to cut 
rising costs of conferences, we economized 
by raising registration fees from $45 to 
$55; asking conference staff members, who 
had previously attended at no cost, to pay 
$27.50; and limiting conference T-shirt 
designs to one side, one color. 

The second summer of the full camp 
program was extremely successful. 
Children and young people grades 4-12 
attended Choir Camp, Junior Camp, 
Middlers Camp, Senior Camp, H.U.G.S., 
and Urban Plunge. With the expansion of 
the paid camp staff to ten people, we were 
able to use the gifts and skills of the staff 
and volunteer clergy directors to their 
fullest potential. 

Our first Leadership Training Weekend, 
designed by and for adults and young 
people, provided an opportunity to develop 
skills that will support a successful youth 
program. Another excellent opportunity 
for training was the Adult Leadership 
Training Event, sponsored by the national 
church office's Youth Ministry department. 
Eleven people from our Diocese attended 
the event, and several were involved in the 
planning and implementation of some of 
the program. 

Our diocese hosted the Province IV 

Youth Network meeting in November. 
The Youth Commission made a 
comprehensive presentation to the group 
about our program, including information 
about our organizational structure, 
conference program, and planning, budget, 
and public relations efforts. 

Diocesan Youth Ministry prospects are 
bright. By striving to provide quality 
programming throughout the year, and by 
providing resources and support to the 
youth ministry programs at the 
congregational level, we will continue to 
challenge young people to discover and 
develop their ministries and their rightful 
place in the Body of Christ. 

Kat Hardy, Chair 

Commission on Institutions 

The Commission on Institutions reports 
on the following five institutions: 

The North Carolina Association of 
Schools, completing its third year with 15- 
20 schools in its membership; 

The Penick Memorial Home, 
highlighting the establishment of the 
Penick Development Fund, the 
Intergenerational Day Care Center, and the 
200-member volunteer organization, 
Friends of Penick; there are a total of 235 
residents at theJ4ome; 

Saint Mary's College, celebrating its 
150th anniversary and its unique 
contributions in the education of young 

The Thompson Home, within this last 
year increasing its treatment capacity 25%, 
adding its new Chaplain, Dick Silbereis, 
and noting the work of it Long Range 
Planning Committee; 

University of the South, continuing to 
receive a large number of students from 
this diocese (36 in 1990), and $31,043.58 
in contributions. 

The Rev. Rachel Haynes, Chairman 

Commission on the Diaconate 

As the number of deacons in the 
Diocese grows so does the activities with 
which they are involved. With the 
additions of Mary Kroohs and Ted Malone, 
we now have 15 deacons who have been 
ordained in our Diocese. There are now 
ten people in the process including two 
people from the Diocese of Southern 
Virginia, and two serving as interns. 

One of the goals for diaconal training 
has been to create a spiritual development 
program for those in the process as well as 
others who might like to be involved in 
such a program. We are really pleased that 
this program is now being developed and 
will be in place in the Spring of 1992 for 
those beginning their internship year for 
the diaconate and priesthood. This is a 
pilot program, and we hope that it will 
become available for the laity as well. 

A new feature added this past year to 
the three-year diaconate program has been 
a course on Diaconal Ministry coordinated 
by Deacon Harriette Sturges and led by the 
ordained deacons. It covers the history of 
the diaconate, the four-fold ministry of the 
church, models of diaconal ministry, the 
ordination process, life after ordination, 
and visions for the diaconal program. 

The deacons in the diocese are making 
their presences felt through various 
activities. They continue to accompany 

Bishop Estill on his visitations whenever 
possible. In June, Deacons Kermit Bailey 
and Patsy Walters attended the North 
American Association for the Diaconate 
biennial meeting in Spokane, Washington, 
where they shared with other dioceses their 
programs, stumbling blocks, and plans for 
growth and support. One of the highlights 
of this conference was hearing newly 
ordained Deacon Ted Malone 's hymn 
called "Diaconia" sung at the final 
Eucharist for this meeting. Deacons Bobbie 
Armstrong and Kermit Bailey served as 
hosts for a 16-diocese program on the 
diaconate held at Browns Summit in 
October. This conference was sponsored 
by the Diocese of Western North Carolina 
and APSO's Intramont Unit. Deacon 
Kermit Bailey and Paul Valdes, Minister to 
the Laity, have developed the Episcopal 
Servant Center in Greensboro. The 
Center's first year's goal is to concentrate 
on helping people receive Social 
Security/SSI assistance and needed food. 

With four more deacons expected to be 
ordained next June, we are sure that the 
Diocese will begin to be more and more 
aware of the impact of the presence and 
value of our deacons. 

Dn. Patsy H. Walters, Chair 

Commission on Alcohol a 
nd Drugs 

As a result of its concern for the 
diocesan response to alcohol and drug 
problems, the commission on Alcohol and 
Drugs is presenting several resolutions to 
the 176th Convention. While we are 
certainly concerned with the devastation 
caused by alcohol and other drugs in our 
society, the Commission is acutely aware 
that recovery, like charity, begins at home. 
For this reason, most of the resolutions at 
this year's convention will deal with how 
we, as the community of faith, act and 
react to the issues of alcohol and other drug 
use and abuse in our midst. 

We are asking that our diocese go on 
record as adopting for our institutions, 
parishes, and missions the policy on 
serving alcoholic beverages at church 
functions which has been used by the 
national church for some years. This will 
clear up any ambiguity which may exist 
about where we stand on serving alcohol at 
church sponsored functions. 

Many persons do not realize that 
drunkenness is a clinical indicator that 
alcoholism is either present or is in some 
stage of development within the person 
observed. In this regard, the commission 
has a resolution which will encourage that 
appropriate responses be made (such as 
clinical intervention) when this condition is 
observed in our lay and clerical leadership. 

Our diocese does not have an employee 
assistance program for employees of the 
diocese and its institutions. Establishing an 
EAP is a pro-active measure which can be 
taken to insure that persons with various 
kinds of problems, including chemical 
dependency, can secure timely and 
adequate help. It also insures that our 
responses to these problems are more 
guided by clinical judgment than by biases 
against addicts, alcoholics, and persons 
with other types of affliction. In this 
regard, we will propose the establishment 
of an EAP for the diocese. 

The Commission on Alcohol and Drugs 

is concerned that the Diocesan Council 
acted to de-commission the concern for 
alcohol and drug abuse in the diocese and 
make it a committee of Social Ministries. 
This action was taken without consultation 
with either group. That aside, the issues of 
alcoholism and drug abuse still plague our 
communities and churches, and the 
committee/commission on alcohol and 
drugs will try to work within whatever 
structure there is with the small budget 

The Rev. John E. Shields, Chairman 

Trustees of the Francis J. 
Murdoch Memorial Society 

The Francis J. Murdoch Society was 
founded by Margaret Murdoch to honor 
her brother, the Rev. Francis J. Murdoch, 
late rector of St. Luke's, Salisbury. The 
society makes loans to persons preparing 
for the ordained ministry of the Episcopal 
Church, the loan being converted to a non- 
repayable grant when the recipient is 

Application forms for loan/grants from 
the society may be obtained from the 
convener of the trustees, whose name 
appears in the Journal of Convention, or 
from the Assistant to the Bishop for 
Ministry and Program. 

During 1991, the society made a 
grant/loan to William Bennett, and is in 
process of considering another request at 
the time of this report. 

The income from the fund is not great 
and loan/grants are quite small in 
comparison with the cost of theological 
education. The diocese is in need of a 
greatly expanded financial base for the 
support of those studying for the ordained 
ministry. The Murdoch Society stands 
ready to take an active role in such an 

N. Brooks Graebner, Convener 

Church Deployment 

In 1991, the Church Deployment 
Commission continued to assist clergy and 
lay church professionals in registering and 
updating with the Church Deployment 
Office at the Episcopal Church Center in 
New York. 

In addition, the Diocesan Deployment 
Officer worked with 13 congregations in 
1991 as they underwent search processes. 
The assistance provided by the North 
Carolina Episcopal Consultant Network to 
congregations during this critical time 
continues to be invaluable. 

Increasing interest in the use of interim 
clergy has made searches for these 
specialists more intense. In 1992 the 
Deployment Officer and a representative of 
the Consultant Network will meet with 
interim clergy serving in the Diocese to 
survey their perceptions of this ministry. 

The Commission looks forward to 
continuing its assistance to the clergy and 
lay people of the Diocese in 1992. 

The Rev. William E. Smyth, Chair 

Department of Finance and 
Business Methods 

Canon 15 directs the Department of 
Finance and Business Methods of the 
Diocesan Council to "direct, coordinate, 


D I O C 


and administer the business affairs of the 
diocese not vested by Canon in other 
officers and agencies and not otherwise 
assigned by the Council." In furtherance 
of this directive, the department reports the 
following activities in 1991. 

1. On Feb. 10, 1991, the Council, 
on recommendation of this department, 
remitted a portion of the Church's Program 
Fund quota originally accepted by St. 
Thomas, Reidsville. However, this 
remission was rescinded at the request of 
that parish on April 8, 1991. 

2. On April 8, 1991, the Council, 
on recommendation of this department, 
ordered that the Conference Center 
construction loan be retired from the first 
funds to become available to the diocese 
from the Estate of Winslow Smith. 

3. In March, 1991, this 
department reviewed the diocesan health 
insurance plan with a view toward 
considering whether to recommend an 
increase in deductibles, co-payment 
provisions, and other coverage. At that 
time, we concluded that none of the 
optional plans currently available from the 
Church Insurance Corporation offered 
savings in premium cost adequate to offset 
the relatively large increases in medical 
costs for covered employees that would be 
entailed. A serious shortfall in quota 
acceptances for the 1992 Church's 
Program budget caused the Council to 
reconsider this decision in December and 
to increase the medical expense deductible 
from $100 to $200. 

4. On July 31, 1991, pursuant to 
Canon 16 this department authorized the 
vestry of St. Matthew's, Hillsborough, to 
hold cash and securities of the parish in a 
brokerage account, provided that the 
account is adequately insured. 

5. On Dec. 9, 1991, the Council 
heard a petition from the wardens and 
vestry of St. Luke's, Eden, to be relieved of 
all unpaid assessment for 1991 and all 
assessment for 1992. After careful 
consideration of the facts presented, the 
Council declined to reduce the assessment 
for either of the years in question. 

6. On a number of occasions 
throughout the year, the chair of the 
department advised the diocesan business 
administrator on matters of budget and 
financial administration. 

Joseph S. Ferrell, Chair 

Appalachian People's Service 
Organization (APSO) 

APSO is in a period of transition. The 
Rev. R. Baldwin Lloyd, our executive 
director for 22 years, retired at the end of 
1 99 1 . The Board of Governors, working 
with a consultant, has scheduled three 
regional meetings of dioceses to gather 
data to be used in setting future priorities 
and programs. 

Playing an integral part in this will be 
the APSO Committees in each of the 
member dioceses as they develop a process 
of creative interaction between the needs of 
the dioceses and the resources APSO can 
offer, to provide for better 
communications, to see where APSO fits 
into diocesan mission strategies, and to see 
where dioceses fit into APSO's regional 
strategy for mission and ministry. These 
diocesan committees are comprised of all 
representatives to the APSO Board and 

ministry units and those persons in the 
diocese involved in ministries of service, 
evangelism, justice, and advocacy. Such a 
committee helps keep everyone informed 
and knowledgeable about what resources 
are available. 

Board members from the Diocese of 
North Carolina are Bishop Williams and 
Laura Hooper. 

APSO carries out its work through three 
ministry units: 

Intramont focuses on congregational 
development and training for clergy and 
lay leaders. The Diaconal Symposium held 
in October in Browns Summit was co- 
sponsored by Intramont and the Diocese of 
Western North Carolina with help from the 
Diocese of North Carolina. Deacon Kermit 
Bailey was one of the presenters. The Rev. 
Harrison Simons is representative to this 

Leadership Development works 
through two task forces — Youth and 
Women — to emphasize training, leadership 
development, and personal growth. The 
Youth Task Force sponsors one leadership 
training event annually. After attending 
the training, youth are encouraged and 
supported as they develop work projects in 
their home community. 

The Women's Task Force publishes 
the Mountain Women's Journal. The first 
Journal was published with a grant from 
the Diocese of North Carolina ECW. 

The Urban Ministry Unit helps 
parishes and dioceses respond to the plight 
of the urban poor, particularly 
Appalachians who have migrated to the 
cities in search of jobs. Beth McKee 
represents the diocese on this unit. 

APSO is the Episcopal representative 
on the Commission on Religion in 
Appalachia (CORA), a seventeen- 
denomination planning and coordinating 
group. As the Episcopal representative, 
APSO advocates for denominational funds 
for grassroots projects screened and 
selected by CORA's Appalachian 
Development Projects Committee (ADPC). 
Through this process in 1991 the North 
Carolina Occupational Safety and Health 
Project in Durham was granted $6,000 by 
the Coalition for Human Needs (CHN). 

The Diocese of North Carolina 
contributed $7,000 for the support of 
APSO in 1991. Other support came from 
St. John's, Charlotte; Calvary, Tarboro; St. 
Joseph's, Durham; and Church of the 
Nativity, Raleigh. 

Laura L. Hooper 

Trustees of the Diocese 

The Trustees of the Diocese of North 
Carolina carried out their responsibilities as 
set forth in Canon 10 and, acting with the 
written consent of the Ecclesiastical 
Authority, acting with the advice and 
consent of the Standing Committee of the 
Diocese, took the following actions with 
respect to real property vested in them: 
January 2, 1991 

On behalf of the Diocese, executed a 
Deed conveying to Daniel L. Fisher, Lot 
52, Section 36, as shown on the map 
recorded in Map Book 18, Page 143, in the 
office of the Register of Deeds for 
Mecklenburg County, such property being 
a part of the property devised by Winslow 

W. Smith to the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the Diocese of North Carolina. 

March 26, 1991 

On behalf of the Thompson Children's 
Home, Inc., entered into a billboard lease 
agreement with Adams Outdoor 
Advertising to permit Adams Outdoor 
Advertising to continue to maintain a 
billboard at the intersection of Highway 
277 and Independence Blvd. for a five-year 
term commencing January 1, 1991, with an 
annual rental of 12% of the gross revenues 
less agency commissions, if any, with a 
minimum rental of $2,500. 
April 5, 1991 

On behalf of the Diocese, executed a 
Deed conveying to Stella Frances G. 
Durham and Anne P. Neese 20 acres of 
land more or less in Barbeque Township, 
Harnett County, North Carolina, such 
property being a part of the property 
devised by Winslow W. Smith to the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese 
of North Carolina. 

April 23, 1991 

On behalf of the Diocese, executed a 
Deed without warranty conveying to 
Kanuga Conferences, Inc., a parcel of land 
intended to be conveyed in 1968 but 
omitted because of an error in the 
description subject to the condition that the 
deed will not be delivered unless and until 
the other four North and South Carolina 
dioceses take the same action. 

August 30, 1991 

On behalf of St. Clement's, Clemmons, 
in consideration of the sum of $2,000.00, 
executed a grant of a 20-foot sanitary 
sewer easement together with a temporary 
30-foot construction easement across 
property held for the benefit of the church 
located in Clemmonsville Township, 
Forsyth County, North Carolina. 

November 4, 1991 

On behalf of the Board of Directors of 
the Conference Center, entered into an 
agreement with Executive Adventure, Inc., 
renewing its authority to design, construct, 
and maintain an outdoor adventure 
program on the property of the Diocese 
denominated the Camp and Conference 
Center for a term of three years with rights 
of renewal. 

The Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill 
Cornelia Tongue 
A. L. Purrington Jr. 

Assistant to the Bishop for 
Ministry and Program 

My work as Assistant to the Bishop for 
Ministry and Program began officially on 
Feb. 1, 1991. For eleven months of the 
year, under the direction of Bishop Estill, I 
have continued my work as Director of 
Continuing Education, overseeing the 
giving of grants-in-aid for clergy 
continuing education, working with clergy 
in the first two years of their ordination 
("The Residents' Program"), consulting 
with clergy concerning sabbaticals and 
specific programs, and doing tutorial work 
in theology. In addition, with the help of 
several clergy and lay colleagues, I have 
developed a new repeatable retreat for the 
Diocese called "Marked As Christ's Own 

Forever: An Encounter with Baptism." 

I have served as the Bishop's liaison to 
the Long Range Planning Committee in its 
crucially important first year of life and 
have been one of many active members of 
that body working with Doctors Alfred 
Stuart and Gerald Ingalls of the University 
of North Carolina at Charlotte to produce 
an extensive survey of the Diocese, with 

I have worked with three Commissions 
of the Diocese as staff liaison: 
Communications, Education and Training, 
and Stewardship. These latter two 
Commissions have held conferences for the 
Diocese with which I have cooperated, and 
my office has assisted the Communications 
Commission to implement a Diocesan- 
wide readers' survey of The Communicant. 

In addition to the responsibilities 
mentioned, I have produced eight issues of 
"Please Note: A Newsletter for the Diocese 
of North Carolina," which focuses on 
clergy affairs and gives notices of various 
upcoming events in Christian education 
and training. 

William S. Brettmann 

Stewardship Commission 

The Stewardship Commission met 
seven times during 1991. 

At the October meeting, the 
Commission was saddened by news of the 
impending departure of the Chairman, the 
Rev. Verdery Kerr, who had accepted a 
call to become rector of St. Thomas' 
Church, Sioux City, Iowa. Verdery's 
resignation was accepted with regret and 
appreciation for his excellent leadership. 

The Commission undertook four major 
activities on behalf of the Diocese in this 

1 . A Conference on stewardship, 
conducted by the Rev. Robert Bonner, on 
"The Star Plan" was held at the Camp and 
Conference Center on March 1 -2. 

2. Norm Wood and consultant Lathrop 
Smith were instrumental in producing a 
loose-leaf manual on Stewardship theology 
and methods to be used by congregations. 
This manual will be distributed, with 
training in its use, to parish clergy and 
stewardship leaders in early 1992. 

3. Scott Evans produced a manual on 
stewardship of the environment to be 
distributed at the Convention in 1992. 
Mrs. Evans worked with all members of 
the Commission in this valuable endeavor. 

4. In cooperation with the Stewardship 
office of the National Church, a training 
event for seventeen people, clergy and lay, 
who have volunteered to serve as 
stewardship consultants to parishes, was 
held in November. 

The Rev. William S. Brettmann 

Commission on Admission of 

The Commission on Admission of 
Congregations has not met in 1991, and to 
the best of my knowledge had no reason to 
do so. No congregation has requested 

The Rev. Elizabeth Saunders, Chair 


D I O "C 


Proposed 1992 Budget: Episcopal Maintenance Fund 






Bishop Salary/Housing 
Bishop's Travel 

Suffragan Salary/Housing 
Suffragan Bishop's Travel 

Secretary of Diocese 






Treas/Business Admin. Salary 



Treas/Bus Admin Travel/Prof Exp. 



Archivist Salary 



Archives Special Supplies 



Support Staff 



Pension/Social Security 



Life/Medical/Dental Insurance 



Support Staff Prof. Training 



Telephone Expense 



Utility Expense 



Office Supplies 






Equipment Repair/Replacement/New 



Computer Service 






Building Repairs/Renovauons 



Conference Center Capital Repair 



Business Insurance 








Diocesan Council 



Standing Committee 



Chancellor Expense 



Constitution & Canons 


Admission of Congregations 



Convocation Deans/Wardens Exp. 


Commission on Ministry 



Convention Expense 



General Convention Assessment 



General Convention Deputies 



Diocesan Car Depreciation 



Retired clergy/widows/diocesan 

lay employee benefits 



Contingent Fund 





Church Assessments 


Long-Term Investment Income 


Other Trust Income 






1992 BUDGET 
















10,600 25 

7,500 27 

495 31 

750 33 










Proposed 1992 Budget: Church's Program Fund 



1 Christian Soc Min Dir Sal/Hsg 

1992 BUDGET 



BUDGET 12-9-91 

$ 41,924 

$ 41,924 

2 Christian Soc Min Dir's Travel 6,400 

3 CSM Program Funds 35,000 

4 Program Director Salary/Housing 9,799 

5 Publisher Salary 8,481 

6 Publisher Travel 

7 Publication: "The Communicant" 38,188 

8 Ass't to the Bishop for Program 41,562 

9 Ass't to the Bishop Travel 4,850 

1 Ass 't to the Bishop Program Funds 8 ,080 

11 Youth Co-ordinator - Salary 30,030 

12 Youth Co-ordinator - Travel 5,000 

13 Youth Program Funds 44,224 

14 Support Staff 62,337 

15 Pension/Social Security 32,814 

16 Life/Medical/Dental Insurance 30,138 

17 UNC-Greensboro Chaplain Sal/Hsg $ 35,648 

18 UNC-Greensboro Support Staff 10,379 

19 UNC-Greensboro Pension/Insurance 12,327 

20 UNC-Greensboro Program Funds 4,939 

21 UNC-Greensboro Operating Expense 2.430 

Total UNC-Greensboro Funds 

22 NC State/St. Mary ' s College Chap 

23 NC State Univ. Pension/Insurance 

24 NC State Univ. Program Funds 

Total NC SUSt. Mary's Funds 

25 Duke Chaplain Salary/Housing 

26 Duke Pension/Insurance 

27 Duke Program Funds 

28 Duke Operating Expense 

Total Duke Funds 

29 W/S Chaplain Salary/Housing 

30 W/S Chaplain Pension/Insurance 

31 W/S Program Funds 

Total Winston-Salem Funds 

32 Charlotte Chaplain Salary/Hsg 

33 Charlotte Pension/Insurance 

34 Charlotte Program/Travel 

Total Charlotte Funds 

35 UNC-Chapel Hill 

36 A&T State Univ/Bennett College 

38 St. Andrew's College 

39 NC Central University 

40 Student/Department Support 
Total Ministry Higher Ed. Budget 

41 Mission Church Ass't. $ 173,662 

(."omissions and Committees: 

42 Alcohol & Drug Abuse 

43 Armed Forces Commission 

44 Christian Education/Tmg 

45 Church Deployment 

46 Communications 

47 Companion Diocese 

49 Deacons Training Program 

50 Ecumenical Relations 

51 Evangelism & Renewal 

52 Overseas Commission 

Included in CSM 












$ 35,648 


$ 65,723 

$ 65,745 

$ 34,043 



$ 30,000 


$ 52,608 

$ 37,000 

$ 16,685 

$ 21,749 




$ 34,403 

$ 35,882 

$ 34,368 

$ 34,368 

$ 56,205 • 

$ 56,789 

$ 33,524 



$ 33,524 



$ 54,542 

$ 54,483 

$ 37,959 



$ 40,000 


$ 1,560 

$ 1,350 

$ 311,450 


$ 187,486 



D I O C 



Planned Giving 
Small Church 
Women's Issues 


N.C. Episcopal Church Foundation 

Parish Grant 


Misc. Committee Expense 

Moving Clergy 
61aLong Range Planning 
62 Conference Center Operations * 

64 Appalachian People's Svc. Organ. 

65 N.C. Council of Churches 

66 Province IV Assessment 

67 National Church Program 

68 Contingent 































Quota Asking/ Acceptance Dec. 

Investment Income 

Other Trust Income * 



Total Revenue 

Deficit (Surplus) Budget 

Presentation Difference * 







$ 33,000 







$ (9,722) 

*1991 Budget quota included $39,000 which was for the Conference Center's capital 
improvements and new constucuon. This has been moved to the maintenance budget. It 
also included a $6,000 credit in the expense section for salary paid from a trust fund in 
the amount of $6,000. This is now included in other trust income. The Bishop will be 
requesting the Council to reinstate Planned Giving which will have the affect of 
presenting a deficit budget in the amount of $1,978. 

1992 Assessment and Quota 





& Assig 

Albemarle, Christ Church 


$ 10,747 

$ 1,747 


Ansonville, All Souls' 




Asheboro, Good Shepherd 




Battleboro, St. John's 





Burlington, Holy Comforter 




Cary, St. Paul's 




Chapel Hill, Chapel of the Cross 




Chapel Hill, Holy Family 





Charlotte, All Saints 





Charlotte, Chapel of Hope 




Charlotte, Christ Church 





Charlotte, Holy Comforter 




Charlotte, St. Andrew's 





Charlotte, St. Christopher's 




Charlotte, St. John's 





Charlotte, St. Margaret's 




Charlotte, St. Martin's 





Charlotte, St. Michael & Angels 




Charlotte, St. Peter's 




Clemmons, St. Clement's 




Cleveland, Christ Church 





Concord, All Saints' 




Cooleemee, Good Shepherd 




Davidson, St. Alban's 




Durham, St. Andrew's 




Durham, St. Joseph's 




Durham, St. Luke's 




Durham, St. Philip's 




Durham, St. Stephen's 




Durham, St. Titus' 




Eden, Epiphany 





Eden, St. Luke's 




Eden, St. Mary's 




Elkin, Galloway 




Enfield, Advent 




Erwin, St. Stephen's 





Fork, Ascension 




Fuquay — Varina, Trinity 




Garner, St. Christopher's 




Greensboro, All Saints' 





Greensboro, Holy Spirit 




Greensboro, Holy Trinity 




Greensboro, Redeemer 




Greensboro, St. Andrew's 




Greensboro, St. Barnabas' 




Greensboro, St. Francis' 





Halifax, St. Mark's 




Hamlet, All Saints' 




Haw River, St. Andrew's 




$ 2,278 

Henderson, Holy Innocents 




Henderson, St. John's 




High Point, St. Christopher's 




High Point, St. Mary's 




Hillsborough, St. Matthew's 




Huntersville, St. Mark's 




Iredell Co., St. James' 




Jackson, Saviour 




Kernersville, St. Matthew's 




King, St. Elizabeth's 




Laurinburg, St. David's 




Lexington, Grace Church 




Littleton, St. Alban's 




Littleton, St. Anna's 




Louisburg, St. Matthias' 




Louisburg, St. Paul's 




Mayodan, Messiah 




Mint Hill, St. Clare's 




Monroe, St. Paul's 




Mt. Airy, Trinity 




Northampton Co., St. Luke's 




Oxford, St. Cyprian's 




Oxford, St. Stephen's 




Pittsboro, St. Bartholomew's 




Raleigh, Christ Church 




Raleigh, Good Shepherd 




Raleigh, Nativity 




Raleigh, St. Ambrose 




Raleigh, St. Augustine's 




Raleigh, St. Mark's 




Raleigh, St. Michael's 





Raleigh, St. Timothy's 




Reidsville, St. Thomas' 




Ridgeway, Good Shepherd 




Roanoke Rapids, All Saints' 




Rockingham, Messiah 





Rocky Mount, Christ Church 




Rocky Mount, Epiphany 




Rocky Mount, Good Shepherd 




Rocky Mount, St. Andrew's 




Roxboro, St. Mark's 




Salisbury, St. Luke's 





Salisbury, St. Matthew's 




Salisbury, St. Paul's 





Sanford, St. Thomas' 




ScoUand Neck, Trinity 




Smithfield, St. Paul's 





Southern Pines, Emmanuel 


$ 48,747 

$ 3,500 

$ 45,247 

Speed, St. Mary's 





Statesville, Trinity 





Tarboro, Calvary 




Tarboro, St. Luke's 




Tarboro, St. Michael's 




(Continued on page 12) 



Parish Grant Commission 

The Parish Grant Commission was 
established in 1972 to encourage 
congregations of this diocese to become 
involved in social outreach programs in 
local communities. The intent was to 
provide congregations with seed money to 
initiate such programs with special 
emphasis on congregational participation 
and ecumenical cooperation. 

The Commission meets four times 
during the year. At the end of the third 
quarter of 1991, the Commission has 
received eleven applications and awarded 
ten grants. Congregations of all sizes 
submitted these applications. The 
guidelines for the program indicate clearly 
that the vestry of the church must give 
approval to the program and then must 
submit a year-end evaluation of the 
program. The guidelines further stipulate 
that innovative pilot projects are 
particularly encouraged and that assurances 
are to be given that future funding has been 
considered. The Commission studies each 
application carefully to make certain that 
the program meets the criteria that have 
been set by the diocese. 

During the past year the Commission 
has been encouraged by the interest of the 
various congregations that have applied for 
grants and the innovative programs which 
these congregations are beginning. The 
following grants have been made in 1991: 

"Mothers' Time" $3,000 

Emmanuel Church, Warrenton 

"AIDS Housing Conference" $1,000 

St. Mark's Church, Raleigh 

"Chatham Therapeutic Riding Program" 
$3,000 St. Bartholomew's Church, 

"Episcopal Servant Center" $3,000 

Church of the Redeemer, Greensboro 

"Episcopal Farmworker Ministry 

Development Office" $5,000 

Church of the Good Shepherd, Raleigh 

"WesburyU" $3,000 

All Saints' Episcopal Church, Concord 

"Crossroads of North Carolina" $3,000 

St. Stephen's Church, Durham 

"Stay-in-School Program Year 2".. ..$2,000 
Emmanuel Church, Warrenton 

"Christian Help Center" $3,000 

St. Mark's Church Roxboro 

"Project Uplift" $3,000 

St. Martin's Church, Charlotte 

The Rev. I. Mayo Little, Chairman 

Department of Property 

The Department of Property 
Management was involved with the 
following activities in 1991: 

(a) We met with the Social 
Responsibility in Investments Committee 
to review our guidelines for future 
operations and completed our meetings 
with our investment managers. We found 
them to be operating within the National 
Church's guidelines as well as Diocesan 
guidelines. The Committee was thanked 
for their service and commended for their 
efforts. Their 3-year term is complete and 
therefore it is up to the Bishop and 
Diocesan Council to fill the six-person 

(b) Considerable time was spent 
in selling off parcels of properly in order to 
dissolve an estate left to the Diocese. This 
has been completed except for one small 
unattractive piece of approximately 2 
acres. Many thanks to Zach Smith of 
Christ Church, Charlotte, for handling the 
sales details and for getting the tax 
valuation reduced on all the pieces of 

(c) The Department was also 
successful in getting the zoning changes as 
requested on the land adjacent to Diocesan 
House. It is felt that conditions are not the 
best at this time to push for a sale, but the 
Diocese is prepared for the best zoning 

Church Pension Fund 

The Church Pension Fund paid out 1 2% more in pensions and other benefits for the year 
ending March 31, 1991 than was expended in fiscal year 1990. For the 99 domestic dioceses, 
the Fund paid out a total of $56,252,577 during fiscal year 1991 compared to $50,233,926 the 
previous year. A greater number of beneficiaries and higher individual pension payments 
account for the increase. 

While the number of beneficiaries and the benefits paid to them increase each year, the 
growth of the Fund's assets is more than keeping pace. The value of Fund assets during 
fiscal year 1991 increased from $1.7 billion to almost $2 billion dollars. 

The following table gives a detailed comparison of benefits paid during the two fiscal 
years, each ending March 3 1 : 

Beneficiaries 1991 

Retired Clergy 3,478 

Disabled Clergy 394 

Surviving Spouses 2,139 

Dependent Children 183 

Totals 6,194 

Beneficiaries 1991 

Retired Clergy 40 

Disabled Clergy 1 

Surviving Spouses 27 

Dependent Children _2 

Totals 70 




3,303 $37,916,181 
396 4,450,765 

2,106 13,722,797 
201 162,834 





6,006 $56,252,577 


efits paid to beneficiaries 

in this diocese: 

1990 1991 


38 $420,196 

1 20,027 
25 187,372 

2 2,998 





66 $ 630,593 

$ 555,716 

Payments for beneficiaries in this diocese during Fiscal 1991 were $74,877 more than paid 
during Fiscal 1990, an increase of more than 13%. 

H. Gilliam Nicholson, Chairman 

possible if and when a sale seems in the 
best interest of the Diocese. 

Many small items were handled with 
other properties and I wish to especially 
thank Mr. Charles Blanchard of Raleigh for 
his very efficient help and also Mrs. Letty 
Magdanz, Business Manager for the 

L. A. Tomlinson, Jr., Chairman 

Commission on Ministry 

The Commission on Ministry continued 
to work very hard this past year, 
interviewing a total of thirty-one people 
aspiring to, or in various stages of, the 
ordination process. We met seven times at 
the Conference Center, five times staying 

In addition to working with these 
individuals, a major accomplishment of the 
year was to update and rewrite the 
Diocesan "Guidelines for Those Seeking 
Ordination." That is available from 
Diocesan House as Part 1 of the document, 
"The Discernment of Ministry in the 
Diocese of North Carolina." Part 2 is titled 
"Discernment in the Parish" and consists of 
guidelines for aspirants and parish 
discernment committees. 

Other texts that were rewritten included 
the Pre-interview Questionnaire that is 
filled out by all aspirants before the initial 
interview and the three evaluations that are 
used by the supervisor during the intern 

A significant contribution for the future 
was conceiving and planning a Spiritual 
Development Program to be utilized for 
Interns beginning in May of 1992. This 
program, directed by Carolyn Lupo, will 
involve six overnights at the Conference 
Center over the course of six months, 
which will help deepen the interns' 
relationships with God and their awareness 
of the inter-relationship of their spiritual 
lives with their ministry. Spiritual 
direction, the relationship of personality 
types and spirituality, the call to service, 
spirituality and sexuality, the relationship 
of body and spirit, and spiritual discipline 
will all be explored. A grant from 
Cornerstone should fund the majority of 
this pilot project, whose learnings will be 
shared with other dioceses. 

An important education day the 
Commission spent this year revolved 
around the issue of homosexuality as it 
relates to ordination. Earl Brill spoke to us 
about different theological approaches to 
homosexuality, and Bishop Williams 
addressed us about the actions of recent 
General Conventions. We all found it a 
helpful dialogue. 

On a personal note, it has been my 
privilege to serve on the Commission these 
last four years and as chairman the last 
two. The dedication of both the members 
of the commission and the people 
preparing for ordination has been most 
inspiring. I now gratefully and confidently 
relinquish the leadership into the able 
hands of Sam Mason, whom the Bishop 
has appointed as chairman. 

Stephen J. Elkins- Williams, Chairman 

The Penick Home 

Penick Home has continued this year to 
provide an effective and meaningful 
ministry to the older adults of this diocese 

and the state under the able and caring 
leadership of our Board of Directors. The 
board members have given freely of their 
talents and time to ensure that the quality 
of care provided by Penick is maintained at 
the highest level. 

Guided by the vision of Bishop Penick, 
the Penick Home is committed to 
providing our residents and staff with an 
environment that encourages them to 
realize their full potential as individuals. 
Following is an overview of some of the 
Home's most effective and innovative 
programs which have made the Penick 
Home a hallmark for retirement 
communities across the country. 

The Penick Development Fund (PDF) 
was established in January 1991 to build 
awareness for the Penick Home and its 
needs with a goal of raising more than $5 
million for the Home's Endowment Fund. 
This Endowment Fund is restricted to 
providing financial assistance to residents 
in need. The need for the Endowment 
Fund is clear: currently, the Penick Home 
provides more than $275,000 in annual 
resident assistance. The Penick 
Endowment Fund needs to generate an 
annual income in excess of $300,000, 
which will enable the Home to maintain its 
commitment to turn no one away for lack 
of funds. 

One of the strongest commitments of 
the Penick Home and its staff is self- 
direction of our residents. As part of this 
commitment, residents, through the 
Resident's Council and its committees, 
develop the bulk of the social, educational, 
and recreational programs offered at the 
Penick Home. The Home is developing a 
variety of new programs, including special 
sessions about living wills and medical 
directives. This ministry will be carried 
further next year with sessions for family, 
staff, and the larger Southern Pines 
community regarding advanced medical 

The Home is experiencing a rather 
unusual set of circumstances which now 
enable us to offer prospective residents 
more timely entrance into their units. 
Currently, there are 280 people on the 
waiting list, but most of those on the list do 
not have a particular time schedule for 
entry. In most cases, the Penick Home will 
be able to admit these new residents on a 
very timely basis due to turnover and an 
increase in the total number of available 
units. For this reason, individuals who 
may not be on the waiting list, but who are 
interested in joining the Penick Home in 
the coming months, are encouraged to 
submit an application to the Home. 

The Penick Home Intergenerational 
Day Care Center celebrated its first year of 
operation on August 27, 1991. Currently, 
the Center provides care to 14 older adults 
living in the Southern Pines community 
and 30 children ranging in age from six 
weeks to five years, 20% of whom are 
children of the Home's employees. 

Currently, the Home has 26 employees 
with more than 10 years of experience and 
29 employees who have been with Penick 
for more than five years. This continuity 
of service has enabled the Home to build a 
program of the highest quality for its 
residents and staff. In selecting members of 
our staff, the Penick Home looks for a 
caring, sensitive person who combines 
professional expertise with a unique blend 


E C I 



of quality leadership. 

Friends of Penick is an organization of 
more than 200 friends, family, and 
supporters of the Penick Home and its 
residents. The Friends serve three primary 
purposes — to recruit volunteers to visit 
with residents and implement the Home's 
many programs, to promote a better 
understanding of the ministry of the Penick 
Home both within the Southern Pines 
community and throughout the Diocese, 
and to raise funds for special projects that 
enhance the overall quality of resident life. 

The success of the Penick Home in 
meeting the needs of our residents and 
enhancing their overall quality of life has 
always depended on the support of those 
who share in our commitment and vision. I 
am continually astounded by the level of 
effort put in by the staff, board members, 
volunteers, PDF trustees, families, and the 
residents themselves to continually 
improve upon the programs and services 
offered by the Penick Home. It is through 
their efforts that the Penick Home has 
become the high quality, caring community 
it is today. 

Robert G. Darst, President 

Department of Ministry in 
Higher Education 

The Department of Ministry in Higher 
Education has much good news to report 
for 199 1 . Because of the evaluation and 
assignment process that was put in place 
last year, the Department members have 
become more knowledgeable about the 
work of the various chaplaincies, and with 
that knowledge has come a deepened 
confidence in and excitement about our 
diocesan ministry in higher education. All 
of our chaplains (Stephen Stanley in 
Chapel Hill, Will Hinson in Charlotte, 
Charles Hawes in Greensboro, Bob McGee 
in Winston-Salem, Gary Brower in 
Durham, and Janet Watrous in Raleigh) 
demonstrate a high level of enthusiasm for 
their work and take seriously their 
responsibility to be good stewards of 
diocesan funds. Thus they make the work 
of the Department in evaluating and 
supporting their ministries a very positive 

Moreover, the chaplains themselves 
have begun in the last several years to meet 
regularly for planning and support. One 
result has been new programs at the 
diocesan level, two of which deserve 
special mention. The first is the 
establishment of a Vocare program for the 
Diocese (Vocare is the college-age version 
of Cwrsillo). The second is the creation of 
a diocesan retreat for high school seniors. 
The program is under the joint sponsorship 
of the Department and the diocesan Youth 
Commission. The first of what we hope 
will become an annual event is scheduled 
for this spring at the Duke Episcopal 
Student Center. Lisa Fischbeck, a 
Department member and former interim 
chaplain at Chapel Hill, is coordinator of 
this retreat with Frances Payne. 

Much of the work of the Department 
this year has centered on the two 
chaplaincies which became vacant in 1991: 
Duke University, where the Rev. Dr. Earl 
Brill retired in December 1990, and North 
Carolina State University, where the Rev. 
William Brettmann resigned in February, 
1991, to take the newly-created position of 

Assistant to the Bishop for Ministry 
Program. With respect to Duke, Gary 
Brower, the interim chaplain, has 
undertaken a major renovation of the 
Episcopal Center at Duke and its programs. 
The positive results suggest that the 
existing institutional arrangements are 
quite viable. The Department is eager to 
begin work on the search for a permanent, 
full-time chaplain who will build upon the 
work Gary has begun. 

At N.C. State, a decision was made not 
to search for a full-time successor to Bill 
Brettmann, but rather to accept a proposal 
from Saint. Mary's College in Raleigh to 
develop a cooperative arrangement 
whereby the Rev. Janet Watrous would 
become chaplain at both schools. 
Department members worked with Bishop 
Estill and Janet to set goals and establish a 
structure for her work at N.C. State two 
days per week. Janet has agreed to do this 
on a two-year trial basis, and the 
Department will work with her in the 
process of evaluating the arrangement. 

Besides continuing to work closely with 
the Duke and N.C. State chaplaincies, the 
Department in 1992 will also take the time 
to study and reflect upon the issues facing 
campus ministry, something we began to 
do this year. 

N. Brooks Graebner, Chair 

Saint Mary's College 

The 1991-92 academic year opened 
with special enthusiasm, as students, 
faculty, and staff began our 
sesquicentennial year. Several events 
within our yearly calendar give special 
recognition to the people and occasions 
which have brought us to our 150th year. 

Since the founding of Saint Mary's in 
1842, many things have changed in 
women's lives. Educated women have 
made many changes in their communities, 
their churches, their families, and, 
increasingly, in the global family. 

Study after study shows that the skills 
and self-confidence which produce such 
effective women are uniquely nurtured at 
women's colleges. Women who are 
currently recognized as exceptional 
decision-makers and committed co- 
workers are overwhelmingly graduates of 
women's colleges. Women's colleges 
provide benefits to women, and to our 
society. Research has validated Aldert 
Smedes' vision of the advantage of a 
"thorough and elegant education" for 

As the number of women's colleges 
shrinks — from nearly 300 in 1965 to fewer 
than 100 today — Saint Mary's remains 
committed to providing a liberal arts 
education for women. We continue to see 
the benefits such a community provides. 
Churches in the diocese see it, school 
boards see it, volunteer groups see it. We 
hope you see this advantage too, and will 
continue to send young women to Saint 

The traditions which have made Saint 
Mary's strong for 150 years remain. Our 
excellent faculty, with its primary 
commitment to teaching, provides 
guidance and support outside the classroom 
as well. Our student leaders evoke our 
praise and support for their efforts. 
Community outreach programs draw 
student volunteers and develop their 

leadership. It's an historic and exciting 
year for us, and we hope you will rejoice 
with us. 

The Rev. Janet C. Watrous, Chaplain 

Department of Mission 
and Outreach 

The Department of Mission and 
Outreach of the Diocesan Council is made 
up of three members of Diocesan Council 
and all the Deans and Lay Wardens from 
the Convocations. This department's 
responsibilities include the coordination 
and oversight of the programs of the 
diocese, excluding any program which is 
deemed higher education. 

It has been a creative and resourceful 
year for the programs of the Diocese. With 
limited resources, both human and 
financial, we have brought the gospel to 
bear in outreach, education, evangelism, 
stewardship, worship, pastoral care, 
communication, and social justice. The 
Bishops and the Diocesan staff are to be 
commended for their hard work. Many lay 
people, deacons, and priests, who are 
compelled and supported by the diocesan 
budget and programming, have brought 
good news to many in our parishes, state, 
and beyond. 

The Department of Mission and 
Outreach has been clear about several 
priority ministries during the past two 
years and the budget reflects those 
priorities: youth, the Conference Center, 
stewardship, and evangelism. Setting these 
priorities in no way diminishes nor reduces 
our commitment to the other aspects of 
diocesan programming and outreach, but it 
does give emphasis and direction to several 
very important areas which have been 
identified by parish delegates, and various 
diocesan meetings and hearings, to be of 
utmost importance. 

Your commissions and committees 
continue to develop and foster avenues of 
mission and outreach. Their reports are 
contained herein and close attention should 
be paid to how their work might include 
you and your parish. 

Our Camp and Conference Center in 
Browns Summit continues to be the central 
place where our diocese gathers. At this 
stage in its history, The Center is a costly 
operation, but everyone involved agrees 
that while we need to be fiscally 
responsible and cut costs wherever we can, 
the Conference Center pays great dividends 
for those who work, gather, pray, and plan 
in that place. It is clear to most that the 
Diocese will always have to support the 
Conference Center. It is in real terms not 
just "bricks and mortar" but in fact is also a 
vital part of diocesan programming and 

To foster good communication and 
support, the Department of Mission and 
Outreach has planned several gatherings in 
1992 for commissions and committees of 
the diocese. Here following are the dates: 
March 23, June 1, and September 8-10. 

I wish to extend my thanks to all 
department members and I commend their 
good work to you. 

Robert S. Dannals, Chairman 

Commission on Liturgy 

1991 Report 

24-26 January. Planned and assisted 

with daily services and Convention 
Eucharist for the 175th Annual Convention 
at the Omni Hotel in Durham. 

8 February. Winter meeting at the 
Conference Center, Browns Summit. 

4-5 March. Assisted with liturgies at 
Clergy Retreat, Browns Summit. 

16-17 April. Planned and assisted with 
daily services and Eucharist at the Annual 
Meeting of the Episcopal Church Women 
of the diocese. 

16-21 June. Sponsored the annual 
Worship and Music Camp for Children 
(choir camp) at Browns Summit, with 
some 55 children attending. This year's 
theme: 'The Sacraments: Gifts of God's 
Presence." Leaders of choir camp were 
the Rev. Timothy E. Kimbrough, director; 
the Rev. Thomas J. Garner, chaplain; 
James H. Padgett and Karen Jacob, music 
directors. Also assisting with leadership 
were Darlene Kimbrough, and two Sisters 
of the Holy Spirit, Sister Helena Marie and 
Sister Faith Margaret. 

17 July. Planned and coordinated the 
General Convention Eucharist on this day 
in Phoenix, Arizona, on behalf of Province 

30-3 1 August. Sponsored a Music and 
Liturgy Workshop for parish musicians 
and clergy at the Conference Center. Dr. 
Sam Batt Owens, of Louisville, Kentucky, 
led this event, attended by some 75 

30 September - 2 October. Assisted 
with liturgies at Clergy Conference at 
Browns Summit. 

7 October. Fall meeting at the 
Conference Center, Browns Summit. 

2 November. In consultation with the 
Bishop and the Youth Commission, 
planned and assisted with the annual 
Acolyte Festival Eucharist at Duke 
University Chapel. The Rev. Timothy E. 
Kimbrough was the preacher. 

1 December. Assisted with and 
planned the Diocesan Healing Service for 
those with HIV-AIDS at the Church of the 
Redeemer, Greensboro. The Rev. Carlton 
O. Morales was celebrant. 

Throughout the year the Commission 
has consulted with clergy and 
congregations about musical and liturgical 
concerns. These have included addresses, 
classes and workshops, and assistance with 
planning for services of ordination to the 
diaconate and priesthood, the celebration 
of a new ministry, and the visitation of the 
bishop. The Commission has also 
contributed a monthly column, "Asked at 
the Church Door," to The Communicant, 
as a forum for liturgical questions and 

The Rev. Philip R. Byrum, Chair 

Education and Training 

The E&T Commission met six times in 
1991 at the Camp and Conference Center. 
The Commission has eighteen members, 
nine of which are representatives from 
committees or organizations and nine are 
members-at-large. The E&T Commission 
serves as support and a resource for 
strengthening Christian Education in the 
Diocese. The Marriage Committee was 
dissolved with the permission of Bishop 


D I O 

C O N V 

I O N 

Philip's in Durham rendered beautiful 
music for this service. 

CONTRIBUTIONS: From 1967 to 1980, 
Friends of St. Mary's gave approximately 
$15,000. In 1980, contributions slightly 
exceeded $21,000. In 1981, The Chapel 
fund received from the Diocese the 
proceeds of the sale of land to St. Mary's 
Country Day School, at an earlier date, in 
the amount of $5,900. Receipts from a 
fund-raising letter and the annual 
homecoming service in 1981 were 
approximately $2,500. During 1982, 
through Homecoming Day, receipts were 
about $5,000. In June of 1983, an 

anonymous donor offered to contribute 
$2,500 if matching money was contributed 
by others. This goal was met and resulted 
in slightly over $5,000 being contributed. 
In 1984, contributions were $2,880, and a 
total of $2,021 was received in 1985. 
1986-1989 contributions were 
approximately $5,000, plus memorial 
contributions to the Wallace Bacon Fund 
of $1,700 in 1988. One other significant 
source of funds for more recent restoration 
work was from proceeds of a $500 Webb 
Trust established in 1937. This $500 gift 
has been "at work" in the Diocesan 
investments over the years and made a 
contribution of $5,000 to the last major 

Investment Committee 

The Investment Committee is responsible for the investment of the Common Trust Fund 
of the diocese and for a fund managed for the benefit of the Thompson Home. The Common 
Trust Fund consists of a combination of trusts and bequests that have been made to the 
diocese over a long period of time. The title to these funds rests in the name of the Trustees 
of the diocese. The Investment Committee supervises the investment of these funds. The 
income generated by these funds is disbursed in accordance with the trust or bequest as 
directed by the donor; or if no designation of income is made by the donor, the income is 
disbursed as directed by the Diocesan Convention, Diocesan Council, or the Trustees. 

The primary goal of our investment policy is the preservation of capital with a secondary 
goal of achieving sufficient capital appreciation to offset the erosion of economic inflation. 
Our specific investment objectives, which are reviewed regularly, are to obtain a real 
compound rate of total return (current income plus capital appreciation or depreciation) of 
4%, measured over the most recent five-year period. This real return is the sum of the actual 
return achieved, less a factor for inflation as measured by the CPI. These funds are not 
invested in the securities of companies doing business in South Africa unless that company 
has signed the Statement of Principles for South Africa. These funds are actively managed 
by the trust department of the NCNB National Bank and the fund's investment results have 
exceeded the guidelines over the most recent five-year period. 

Listed below is a comparison of the market value and income on each share of the 
Common Trust Fund for the last five years as of each September 30th. 

Number of shares 
Net Annual Income 
Net Income per share 
Market Value per share 
Income Yield per share 

The total return for the fund for the year ending Sept. 30 was 22.1%. For the past five 
years the fund has enjoyed an annualized total return of 14.0%, which is in the top 25% of all 
Balanced Funds for that period. 

As of Sept. 30, 1991, the funds supervised by the Investment Committee were invested as 































Carrying Value 

Market Value 

Diocesan Common Trust Fund: 

Principal Cash 

$ -0- 

$ -0- 

Revolving Note 



Government Bonds 



Corporate Bonds 



Episcopal Church Building 

Fund Bond 


1 14,665 

Mortgage Backed Securities 



Self Help Credit Union 



Common Stocks 






Fund for the Benefit of Thompson Home: 

Principal Cash $ -0- 

Revolving Note 110,389 

Government Bonds 877,516 

Corporate Bonds 720,418 

Mortgage Backed Securities 179,014 

Totals $1,887,337 

John W. Red, Jr., Chairman 

$ -0- 
1 10,389 


phase of work on the interior of the Chapel. 
The Webb Trust funds, plus over $3,000 
from other funds marked for St. Mary's, by 
1991, equal to more than $12,000 in 

GOALS: For the 1991 Homecoming 
bulletin, Jane Isley, Max Isley's wife, 
wrote a wonderful "UPDATE" on what has 
been accomplished at St. Mary's. It is 
unlikely any of the Committee members 
can adequately describe the beauty and 
wonder of the new steps constructed of 
hand-made brick. It is marvelous to enter 
the Chapel on "solid ground." Indeed this 
addition of substance is a fitting memorial 
for Wallace Bacon who made so many 
substantial contributions to St. Mary's 
Chapel's life and restoration. 

Mrs. Wallace Bacon, Chairman 


During the calendar year 1991, the 
Chancellor attended and acted as 
Parliamentarian at the Diocesan Annual 
Convention; served throughout the year on 
the Commission on Constitution and 
Canons; attended as a Deputy the 1991 
General Convention and served on the 
Committee on Canons; advised a priest the 
canonical relationship of a mission Vestry 
and its Vicar vis-a-vis the Bishop's power 
to make and change clergy assignments to 
missions; advised the Business 
Administrator regarding coverage under 
the Diocese's group insurance policy; 
advised a complaining parishioner the 
powers of the Vestry; dealt with a 
boundary line problem at Kanuga, the 
Diocese being one of its owners; advised 
the interested parties concerning the 
establishment, jointly with East Carolina, 
of a child care center under the Farm 
Worker Ministry; assisted in the settlement 
of a claim by a clergy spouse against the 
Church Benefit Trust; advised a 
prospective donor how to contribute for the 
benefit of a mission, recommending no 
restrictions on the gift; responded to 
information request from the Diocese's 
auditors; dealt with the tax valuation and 
title problems regarding property owned by 
the Diocese under restrictions for the 
benefit of St. John's, Williamsboro; dealt 
with ongoing problems arising from the 
ropes course at the Conference Center; at 
various other times conferred with and 
gave advice to the Bishop, the Suffragan 
Bishop, the Diocesan Business 
Administrator, other Diocesan officials, 
clergy, and lay people on a great many 
matters, both legal and otherwise, arising 
in the administration of Diocesan and 
congregational affairs; offered my 
resignation as Chancellor which the Bishop 
declined to accept. 

Joseph B. Cheshire Jr. 

Companion Diocese 

"Go ye into all of the world...." has 
been an underlying theme for the 
Companion Diocese Commission for the 
past eight years and has been maintained as 
a theme this past year. As we embark on 
our final year of the Companion Diocese 
relationship between the Diocese of North 
Carolina and the Diocese of Belize, there 
are many different thoughts that come to 


It has been a very special relationship, 
and we are pleased to have had the 
opportunity to know and work with the 
people of Belize. It has been a time of 
growing intellectually, as well as 
spiritually, and a time of pause and 
reflection on who we are and how we all 
work together and live together in 
this-God's world. 

There have been two very important 
trips this year. There was an adult trip in 
early January with the Rt. Rev. and Mrs. 
Hunt Williams, the Rev. Jody Kellermann, 
Jerry and Ginger Jones, Ginny McEwen, 
and Jim and Martha Alexander. One of the 
main reasons for this trip was to participate 
in the dedication of the annex to the 
Anglican Cathedral College in memory of 
Bishop Keith A. McMillan. A plaque was 
erected in Bishop McMillan's memory. 
This project was significantly funded by 
the Diocese of North Carolina. 

A youth trip took place in July. It was 
led by the Rev. Jeff Murph, Michael Battle, 
and Julia Davis. Participants included 
Alison Carter, Valeree Freeman, Elizabeth 
Irwin, Nikke Jones, Meredith Lovelace, 
Dwight Peebles, Caron Register, Scott 
Sutton, Hank Willis, and Chris Workman. 
The trip began by going to Caye Caulker. 
Then the group proceeded to the Youth 
Camp, which was held in Corozal Town. 
The young people from Belize and North 
Carolina participated in a Bible study, 
which revolved around the stewardship of 
God's resources including themselves, 
planned and directed a worship mission to 
Orange Walk, and visited Altan Ha, an 
ancient Mayan ruin. 

Monies were contributed to a school in 
Haifa, Jerusalem, as part of this 
commission's previous purpose, which 
included outreach in the world. And 
monies were designated for supplies and 
books needed in Belize to be used at the 
Youth Camp. 

A lot of the year was spent on trying to 
define the role of the Companion Diocese 
Commission within the diocesan structure 
and the relationship between it and the 
Overseas Commission, formerly the 
Centra] America Task Force/Commission. 

Plans continue to be implemented 
between the Diocese of Georgia and the 
Diocese of Belize, which will aid in a 
smooth transition with the ending of the 
North Carolina relationship in February of 

Martha B. Alexander, Chairman 


Resolution No. 1 

On Planning in the Diocese 


This Convention endorses Phase I of the 
work of the Long Range Planning 
Committee and mandates the Committee to 
undertake Phase 2, namely: 

1. Transmitting Phase I information to 
all congregations. 

2. Launching a planning process for the 

3. Offering all congregations an 
opportunity also to engage in long range 



D I O 

C O N V 


Bishop Estill at Diocesan Convention, 
1990, expressed a desire for a long range 
planning process and caused a committee 
to be formed under the Diocesan Council 
Department of Planning and Review to 
carry out this planning. 

The Committee has met ten times in the 
past year and a half to discuss and devise 
methods and means to make plans for the 
future of the Diocese and has spent many 
hours from which evolved a reasonable and 
workable program to bring about a long 
range plan. 

In March, 1991, the Committee engaged 
professional assistance in the form of a 
team of polling and survey experts from 
the University of North Carolina at 
Charlotte to survey the entire Diocese, top 
to bottom, about its frustrations, needs, and 
wants from the Diocese and its 

That survey and its analysis have 
pointed out the feelings and desires of the 
Diocesan lay and clergy members of the 
various congregations and the ways in 
which they wish the Diocese to go in the 

These raw findings have been 
transmitted to the Diocesan leadership, lay 
and clergy, via meetings and other 
communication and they have expressed 
general approval of the work and plans of 
the committee. 

The Long Range Planning Committee 
now is ready to take these findings and 
design an action plan, following 
Convention endorsement. 

David R. Williams and 

The Long Range Planning Committee 

Resolution No. 2 

On Belief in the Holy Scriptures 


That the Diocese of North Carolina 
affirm our abiding belief in the Holy 
Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments 
as the revealed Word of God containing all 
things necessary to Salvation, and further, 
that we place ourselves in humble 
obedience to the Holy Scriptures as the rule 
and ultimate standard of Faith and 


Considerable confusion has arisen in 
recent years over the place of the Holy 
Scriptures in the doctrine and discipline of 
the Episcopal Church. 

Many theologians and ethicists within 
the Episcopal Church have sought to cast 
doubt on the reliability of the Holy 
Scriptures as the definitive and inspired 
record of God's revelation of Himself and 
His will for mankind 

Mrs. Cleo B. Arlington, 
Christ Church, Albemarle 

Resolution No. 3 

On the Extramarital Sexual 

Abstinence of Clergy 


That this 176th Annual Convention of 
the Diocese of North Carolina, meeting in 
the Hyatt Regency Hotel, Benton 
Convention Center, Winston-Salem, N.C., 
on January 30 - February 1, 1992, go on 
record as urging the General Convention of 
the Episcopal church to place in the 

Canons of the Episcopal Church at the 
earliest possible date the following 

"It is expected that all Members of the 
Clergy of this Church, having subscribed to 
the Declaration required by Article VITI of 
the Constitution, shall be under the 
obligation to abstain from genital sex 
relations outside of Holy Matrimony." 


At the 1991 General Convention of the 
Episcopal Church in the United States of 
America, meeting in Phoenix, Arizona, 
Bishop William Frey presented a resolution 
to place the above provision in the Canons 
of the said Church, but the resolution was 
defeated in both the House of Bishops and 
the House of Deputies. 

Mrs. Cleo B. Arrington, 
Christ Church, Albemarle 

Resolution No. 4 

On the Authority of Holy 



The Diocese of North Carolina 
reaffirms the priority of Scriptural 
authority in matters of faith and practice; 
and the Diocese of North Carolina holds to 
the characteristic appeal of Anglicanism to 
Scripture as interpreted by the Church's 
tradition and applied with reason. 


The New Testament reaffirms that "all 
scripture is inspired by God (I Timothy 
3:16); that Jesus affirms the Scriptures bear 
witness of Him (John 5:39, Luke 24:27), 
and that "no prophecy ever came of the 
impulse of man, but men moved of the 
Holy Spirit spoke of God" (II Peter 1:20). 

The Episcopal Church historically 
affirms "the Holy Scriptures of the Old and 
New Testaments as the revealed Word of 

The Catechism of the Church affirms 
the Holy Scriptures are called the Word of 
God because God inspired their human 
authors and because God still speaks to us 
through the Bible. 

The Collect for the Sunday closest to 
November 16 affirms that God "caused all 
Holy Scriptures to be written for our 

Those ordained to Holy Orders to 
solemnly declare that they do "believe the 
Holy Scriptures of the Old and New 
Testament to be the Word of God and 
contain all things necessary to salvation." 

Mrs. Cleo B. Arrington 
Christ Church, Albemarle 

Resolution No. 5 

On Chastity and Fidelity 


That this 176th Annual Convention of 
the Diocese of North Carolina, meeting in 
the Hyatt Regency Hotel, Benton 
Convention Center, Winston-Salem, N.C., 
on January 30-February 1, 1992, reaffirms 
the action of the November 1987 General 
Synod of the Church of England, in 
making this resolution its own position: 

"This Synod affirms that the Biblical 
and traditional teaching on chastity and 
fidelity in personal relations is a response 
to, and expression of God's love for each 
of us, and in particular affirms: 

1 . That sexual intercourse is an act of 
total commitment which belongs properly 
within the permanent marriage 

2. That fornication and adultery are sins 
against this ideal, and are to be met by a 
call to repentance and the exercise of 

3. That homosexual genital acts also fall 
short of this ideal, and are likewise to be 
met by a call to repentance and the exercise 
of compassion; 

4. That all Christians are called to be 
exemplary in all spheres of morality, 
including sexual morality, and that holiness 
of life is particularly required of all 
Christian leaders." 


The General Convention meeting in 
Phoenix, in July of 1991, was unable to 
provide clear leadership for the Episcopal 
Church in matters of proper sexual conduct 
for Christians, but the November, 1987, 
General Synod of the Church of England 
adopted the above resolution. 

Mrs. Cleo B. Arrington 
Christ Church, Albemarle 

Resolution No. 6 

On Restoring Parental Rights to 
Make Decisions Concerning the 
Health and Welfare of Their 
Minor Children 


We of the Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina urge the North Carolina 
Legislature expeditiously to enact 
legislation requiring the consent of at least 
one parent or guardian (or a judicial bypass 
when a verifiable risk of physical or mental 
harm exists) before an abortion may be 
performed on a minor in this state. 

That the Secretary of the Convention 
send a copy of this resolution to the 
Governor and Lieutenant Governor of 
North Carolina, and to the members of the 
State Legislature. 


1 . The practice of performing abortions 
on minors without parental involvement or 
consent denies parental rights to make 
decisions for the health and welfare of their 
minor children. 

a. The performance of an abortion 
poses a substantial risk to the physical and 
psychological health of minors. We have a 
malpractice report of severe injuries to 
minors as a result of legal abortions at 
Hallmark Clinic in Charlotte. We also 
have video testimonies involving other 

b. Current North Carolina laws DO 
NOT REQUIRE parental consent or 
parental notification prior to abortions to 

c. By contrast, current North Carolina 
laws REQUIRE parental consent for 
medically safe procedures which pose little 
risk to minors. 

d. The practice of abortion on demand 
violates the Biblical beliefs of many 
Christian parents regarding the sanctity of 
human life. 

2. A study in the American Journal of 
Public Health shows that after passage of a 
law requiring parental notification, the 
number of teenage pregnancies in 
Minnesota declined over 25%. 

3. Although national and state polls 
indicate that over 75% of those polled 
support parental notification and consent 
legislation, key North Carolina state 
legislators have blocked parental consent 
legislation in legislative committees during 
the last several sessions. 


A minor is an unmarried child 18 years 
of age and under. 

George G. Rose, St. John's, Charlotte, 
chairman, Charlotte NOEL; Steve Onxley, 
St. Margaret's, Charlotte 

Resolution No. 7 
On Sexual Sins 


That the 176th Convention of the 
Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina, 
while affirming the civil right of 
consenting citizens to engage in any lawful 
sexual behavior or to be a party to lawful 
abortions, does declare that acts of 
fornication, adultery, and sodomy, and 
abortion for purposes other than to protect 
the life or health of the mother, are sins and 
as such like all other sins are to be avoided 
by Christians, but if committed they are 
subject to pardon and absolution through 
our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ for those 
who truly repent and unfeignedly believe 
his Gospel. 


It is alleged that telling children to just 
say no is ineffective and therefore the 
Church should preach "Safe Sex." This is 
nonsense and implies that it's okay to do 
anything as long as you use a condom. 
The Church should not equivocate on the 
issue of sins of the flesh. 

On the subject of abortion, Bonhoffer 
says, "Destruction of the embryo in the 
mother's womb is a violation of the right to 
live which God has bestowed upon this 
nascent life. To raise the question whether 
we are here concerned already with a 
human being or not is merely to confuse 
the issue. The simple fact is that God 
certainly intended to create a human being 
and this nascent human being has been 
deliberately deprived of his life. And that 
is murder." We all agree that murder is a 

There is no such thing as "Safe Sin." 
There is no condom for the soul. 

James C. MacLachlan 

St. Timothy's, Winston-Salem 

Resolution No. 8 

On Middle East Peace and 
United States Financial Support 
of Israel 


That the 176th Annual Convention of 
the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 
go on record as opposing the proposed $10 
billion U.S. loan to Israel to subsidize the 
construction of settlements until such time 
as land issues between Israel and 
Palestinians are resolved. 

That a copy of this resolution be sent to 
the President, Secretary of State, North 
Carolina members of Congress and the 
Presiding Bishop, and that all parishes and 
missions in the Diocese of North Carolina 
be encouraged to become further informed 
on this issue in order to communicate 


O C E S A N 


support for this resolution through contact 
with the President and Congressional 

The Rev. Robert Sessum, Concord 

Resolution No. 9 
On Commendation and 
Acceptance of the Stewardship 
Commission's Publication, 
"Caring for God's Creation: 
Called to be Stewards" 


That the 176th Diocesan Convention 
meeting in Winston-Salem, January 30- 
February 1, 1992, commend the Diocesan 
Commission on Stewardship for its 
publication, "Caring for God's Creation: 
Called to be Stewards." 

That the Bishops, clergy, and delegates 
to this Convention make healing and 
restoring God's creation a top priority in 
their lives and ministry, accepting and 
implementing these guidelines, where 
appropriate, in institutions, parishes, 
businesses, and personal lives and urging 
others to do likewise. 

That Rectors and Vicars are strongly 
urged to take the leadership role in seeing 
that vestries establish a Committee on 
Environmental Stewardship in their 


The 175th Diocesan Convention urged 
our churches, institutions, and members of 
this church to respond to the crisis facing 
planet Earth by becoming models of 
stewardship of God's creation. The 
Stewardship Commission responded by 
publishing this booklet to assist in this 
ongoing struggle to change attitudes and 
habits of our consumption of resources. 

Scott T. Evans 

for the Commission on Stewardship 

Resolution No. 10 

On the Use of Alcohol 


That this One Hundred Seventy-Sixth 
Annual Convention of the Diocese of 
North Carolina exhort and encourage those 
Christians using alcohol to do so in a legal, 
mature, and moderate fashion at all times, 
and especially at public and private church 
and diocesan meetings and events. 


All Christians are called "to proclaim 
by word and example the Good News of 
God in Christ" (BCP, p. 305), and to be 
wholesome examples and imitators of 
Christ, and in our society the liberal use of 
alcohol is, through various media, 
associated with a lifestyle of sophistication 
and "good times." 

A significant proportion of people are 
incapable of consuming alcohol 
responsibly because of their susceptibility 
to the disease of alcoholism, and many 
diocesan events include the presence of 
youth and teenagers who are experimenting 
with or considering the use of alcohol. 

The Rev. John Shields, Chair 
Committee on Alcoholism and Drug 

Resolution No. 11 

On the Use of Alcohol at Church 

Functions and Institutions 


That this 176th Convention of the 
Episcopal Church in the Diocese of North 
Carolina affirms and mandates the 
following of the 1985 General Convention 
guidelines regarding the use of alcohol in 
all of the parishes, missions, meetings, 
conventions, retreats, institutions, and 
buildings of the Diocese. 

That this Convention mandate the 
Committee on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse 
to continue to study this issue and make 
any further specific recommendations for 
such policy for the Camp and Conference 
Center, which will be reported to the Camp 
and Conference Center and the next 
Diocesan Convention. 


The abuse of alcohol and other drugs 
affects at least half of all families and 
people living in the United States of 

All Christians should be mindful of and 
concerned for those who suffer from 
alcohol and other drug addictions, and 
should be aware of the effects of adult 
usage of addictive substances on young 

Immoderate or intemperate use of 
alcohol, or illegal use of any drug by 
church members, whether on church 
property or elsewhere, is contrary to the 
discipline of the Christian life. 

The 1985 General Convention of the 
Episcopal Church passed guidelines for the 
use (if any) of alcohol at church functions 
and institutions, as follows: 

- All applicable state, federal, and local 
laws must be obeyed. 

- Alcoholic beverages and food 
containing alcohol must be clearly labeled 
as such. 

- Nonalcoholic beverages must always 
be served in an equally attractive and 
accessible way. 

- Food must always be served when 
alcohol is served. 

- Organizations sponsoring events in 
church facilities must ask for permission 
from the church to serve alcoholic 
beverages, and must comply with these 

- The church (or group or organization) 
must assume responsibility for those 
people who might or do become 
intoxicated, and must provide alternative 
transportation for anyone whose ability to 
drive is impaired. 

- The serving of alcoholic beverages at 
church events shall not be publicized as an 
attraction of the event. 

The Rev. John Shields, Chair 
Committee on Alcoholism and Drug 

Resolution No. 12 

On Establishing an Employee 
Assistance Plan to Treat Alcohol 
and Other Drug Abuse 


That the Diocese of North Carolina 
provide a written procedure for the 
provision of direct intervention, evaluation, 
and treatment of clergy and lay employees, 
and members of their families, who suffer 
from the illness of alcoholism and/or drug 

That intervention treatment for the 
addicted person and family, along with 
counseling and continuing support during 
recovery, be coordinated with the clergy 
and other support groups in the parish. 

That every effort be made to offer job 
protection and re-employment, with 
salaried sick leave during hospitalization 
for alcoholics and drug abusers accepting 
treatment, and that those refusing treatment 
not be offered this protection. 

That Church health insurance policies 
include provision for the treatment and 
care of persons afflicted with addiction 


Alcoholism and other drug addiction is 
a primary, rather than a symptomatic, 
condition that, given a specific form of 
care, can be expected to result in a high 
rate of recovery. 

The nature of alcoholism/drug abuse is 
such that those who are its victims are 
incapable of recognizing the severity of 
their condition, and that denial of the 
condition is a chief characteristic of the 
illness, and that to wait for its victims to 
"come to their senses" may well be to 
watch them die. 

Intervention by knowledgeable and 
trained persons around the addict is to be 
viewed as the norm rather than the 
exception, and that the Church, by Divine 
Commission, is uniquely equipped to serve 
in that necessary function. 

One of the major concerns of the 
Committee on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse 
is the treatment and rehabilitation of clergy 
and lay employees who suffer from the 
disease of addiction, and that several 
Diocesan clergy and lay employees are 
successfully recovering from this illness 
and currently exercising fruitful and 
productive ministries. 

The Committee on Alcoholism and 
Drug Abuse feels that now is the time to 
present a more structured procedure than 
has been used in the past to assist clergy 
and lay employees who are suffering from 
addiction in their treatment and 

Alcoholic and/or drug addicted clergy 
or employees of the church should be 
treated with pastoral love and concern. 

The Rev. John Shields, Chair 
Committee on Alcoholism and Drug 

Resolution No. 13 

On Chemical Substance Usage 
by Clerical and Lay Leaders 


That this 176th Annual Convention of 
the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 
require that all appointed, elected, and 
employed lay and clerical members of the 
Episcopal Church in the Diocese of North 
Carolina refrain from public intoxication, 
so that their witness to the Christian faith 
will not be diminished by impaired 

That once persistent impaired behavior 
has been observed and reported there shall 
be a strong, firm, consistent, and loving 
confrontation with the afflicted person by a 
trained intervention professional called by 
the vestry, in concert with the Bishop, and 
that a program of treatment shall be 


That if any church leader persists in a 
public display of impairment, the vestry, in 
concert with the Bishop, shall initiate 
further appropriate action. 


The purpose of lay and clerical leaders 
in the church is to lead by example, 
through proper personal conduct. 

The Rev. John Shields, Chair 
Committee on Alcoholism and Drug 


Conference Center Board 

Lay Order: 3 to be elected 

Fred Bowers. City or town: Charlotte. 
Congregation: St. John's. Occupation: 
Certified Public Accountant. How long 
confirmed: 37 years. Congregational or 
diocesan offices, current or past: Canvass 
chairman; Lay Eucharistic Minister. 
Nominator: The Diocesan Council 
Committee for Conference Center 

Hugh Currin, Jr. City or town: Oxford. 
Congregation: St. Stephen's. Occupation: 
Attorney. How long confirmed: 9 years. 
Congregational or diocesan offices, current 
or past: Vestry; Church School 
superintendent; Every Member Canvass; 
Outreach Committee; Finance Committee. 
Nominator: The Diocesan Council 
Committee for Conference Center 

John H. McGee. City or town: Winston- 
Salem. Congregation: St. Paul's. 
Occupation: Insurance broker. How long 
confirmed: information not provided. 
Congregational or diocesan offices, current 
or past: Vestry; Lay reader; Education and 
Training Commission; Marriage 
Commission. Nominator: The Diocesan 
Council Committee for Conference Center 

John N. Ogburn. City or town: Asheboro. 
Congregation: Good Shepherd. 
Occupation: Attorney. How long 
confirmed: 32 years. Congregational or 
diocesan offices, current or past: Vestry; 
Senior Warden; Treasurer; Clerk; Lay 
Reader; Deacons' Formation Program, 4th 
year student. Nominator: The Diocesan 
Council Committee for Conference Center 

Priscilla Swindell. City or town: Raleigh. 
Congregation: St. Michael's. Occupation: 
Office manager, engineering firm. How 
long confirmed: 43 years. Congregational 
or diocesan offices, current or past: 
Congregational — Chaired chapter ECW; 
Co-chaired Faith Alive Weekend at St. 
Michael's; Vestry, secretary; Convention 
delegate 5 years. Diocesan — Task Force 
on Women's Issues and Family Concerns; 
Conference Center Board (chair of its Long 
Range Committee); Diocesan Council 
(chair of Department of Ministry in High 
Education). Nominator: The Rev. G. 
Kenneth G. Henry. 



D I O 

C O N V 

I O N 

Clerical Order: 3 to be elected 

The Rev. Glenn Busch. City or town: 
High Point. Position: Rector, St. Mary's. 
Number of years since ordination: 20. 
Number of years in the Diocese: 11. 
Diocesan offices, current or past: President 
of Standing Committee; Diocesan Council; 
Chairman, Department of Finance and 
Business Methods; Dean of Greensboro 
Convocation; Chairman of Stewardship 
Commission; Chairman of Planned Giving 
Commission; President, North Carolina 
Episcopal Clergy Association. Nominator: 
The Rev. Frederick J. Wamecke, Jr., for 
the Conference Center Board. 

The Rev. G. Kenneth G. Henry. City or 
town: Charlotte. Position: Rector, Holy 
Comforter. Number of years since 
ordination: 20. Number of years in the 
Diocese: 16. Diocesan offices, current or 
past: Liturgical Commission (1977-1979); 
Trustee, University of the South (1978- 
1979); Diocesan Council (1980-1982); 
Commission on Ministry (1980-1983); 
Executive Committee, Thompson 
Children's Home (1980-1983); Conference 
Center Board (1985-1987); Standing 
Committee (1983-1985, 1989-1991, 
president 1985, secretary 1989); General 
Convention Deputy (1985, 1991); 
Alternate General Convention Deputy 
(1988). Nominator: The Rev. Frederick J. 
Wamecke, Jr., for the Conference Center 

The Rev. Meta Louise T. Ellington. City 
or town: Raleigh. Position: Deacon, St. 
Timothy 's. Number of years since 
ordination: 3. Number of years in the 
Diocese: 43. Diocesan offices, current or 
past: Conference Center Program 
Committee; Youth Conferences and 
Summer Camp Leader, Planning for Altar 
Guild and Acolyte Festival; Cursillo 
Secretariat. Nominator: The Rev. Jane T. 

The Rev. David C. Sweeney. City or 
town: Rockingham. Position: Rector, 
Church of the Messiah, and Vicar, All 
Saints', Hamlet. Number of years since 
ordination: 6. Number of years in the 
Diocese: 7. Diocesan offices, current or 
past: Liturgical Commission; Youth 
Commission; Small Church Commission; 
Currently completing first term on Camp 
and Conference Center Board. Nominator: 
The Rev. Frederick J. Wamecke, Jr., for 
the Conference Center Board. 

Diocesan Council 

Lay Order: 3 to be elected 

Sydenham B. Alexander, Jr. City or 
town: Chapel Hill. Congregation: Chapel 
of the Cross. Occupation: Attorney. How 
long confirmed: 30 years. Congregational 
or diocesan offices, current or past: Vestry; 
Convention alternate delegate; Diocesan 
Council (1981-1984); Commission on 
Campus Ministry. Nominator: Joseph S. 

Clyde Fitzgerald. City or town: Winston- 
Salem. Congregation: St. Paul's. 
Occupation: Retired senior executive of R. 
J. Reynolds. How long confirmed: 23 

years. Congregational or diocesan offices, 
current or past: Parish Finance Committee; 
Usher; Chairman of Resource 
Development Commission. Nominator: 
The Rev. Dr. E. Dudley Colhoun, Jr. 

Clerical Order: 2 to be elected 

The Rev. Thomas L. Enrich. City or 
town: Charlotte. Position: Rector, St. 
Martin's. Number of years since 
ordination: 14. Number of years in the 
Diocese: 3. Diocesan offices, current or 
past: Communications Commission. 
Nominator: John E. Andrews. 

The Rev. Virginia Norton Herring. City 
or town: Salisbury. Position: Assistant to 
Rector, St. Luke's. Number of years since 
ordination: 4. Numbers of years in the 
Diocese: 12. Diocesan offices, current or 
past: Education and Training Commission; 
Commission on Women's Issues; Province 
IV Commission on Women's Issues; 
Committee to Rewrite Marriage Canons; 
Commission on Marriage. Nominator: the 
Rev. Jane T. Gurry. 

The Rev. William E. Smyth. City or 
town: Roanoke Rapids. Position: Rector, 
All Saints'. Number of years since 
ordination: 11. Number of years in the 
Diocese: 9. Diocesan offices, current or 
past: Chair, Clergy Deployment 
Commission (1985-present); Chair, Parish 
Grant Commission (1985-1988; 
Conference Center Board (1986-1988, 
1990-present); Pastoral Concerns on 
Homosexuality Committee (1990-present); 
Dean, Rocky Mount Convocation (1989- 
present). Nominator: The Rev. Henry T. 
Parsley, Jr. 

Penick Home Board of 

10 to be elected 

E. E. "Jack" Carter. City or town: 
Raleigh. Congregation: Christ Church. 
Occupation: President and CEO, Media 
Production Services. How long confirmed: 
44 years. Congregational or diocesan 
offices, current or past: Vestry; Senior 
Warden; Chairman, Every Member 
Canvass; Chairman, Christian Education 
Committee; Long Range Planning 
Committee; General Chairman, New Parish 
House Committee; Treasurer, Diocesan 
Men's Club. Nominator: The Rev. Mark 

The Rev. Diane B. Corlett. City or town: 
Cleveland. Position: Rector, Christ 
Church. Number of years since ordination: 
5. Number of years in the Diocese: 5. 
Diocesan offices, current or past: Diocesan 
Council (Chair, Department of Records 
and History); Commission on Liturgy; 
Small Church Commission; Chair, 
Commission on Ministry with the Deaf. 
Nominator: The Rev. Mark House. 

Bette Hanham. City or town: Troy. 
Congregation: St. Mary Magdalene. 
Occupation: Receptionist. How long 
confirmed: 45 years. Congregational or 
diocesan offices, current or past: Lay 

Reader; Vestry; Senior Warden; President, 
ECW; Penick Home Board. Nominator: 
The Rev. Mark House. 

Mary Katavolos. City or town: Pinehurst. 
Congregation: Emmanuel, Southern Pines. 
Occupation: Retail. How long confirmed: 
At same time as baptism, in infancy, Greek 
Orthodox. Congregational or diocesan 
offices, current or past: Past President, 
current member, Penick Home Board; Past 
Vice-President, ECW, Emmanuel Church. 
Nominator: The Rev. Mark House. 
June Boume Long. City or town: Roanoke 
Rapids. Congregation: All Saints'. 
Occupation: None. How long confirmed: 
55 years. Congregational or diocesan 
offices, current or past: Many offices of All 
Saints' ECW; Altar Guild Chairman; 
Vestry; Chairman of Search Committee; 
Delegate, alternate to Diocesan 
Convention; President, Diocesan ECW; 
Delegate to Triennial (twice); Diocesan 
Council (three terms); Diocesan 
Representative, Saint Mary's College 
Board; Member, Suffragan Bishop Search 
Committee; Penick Development Fund 
Board. Nominator: The Rev. Mark House. 

Mrs. M. E. Motsinger (Margaret). City 
or town: Roaring Gap. Congregation: 
Galloway memorial, Elkin. Occupation: 
Wife and Christmas tree grower. How 
long confirmed: 50 years. Congregational 
or diocesan offices, current or past: 
Diocesan Council (three terms); President, 
Diocesan ECW; Delegate to Triennial (five 
times); Current member, Penick Home 
Board; Vestry; Various offices with parish, 
convocational ECW; Many times delegate 
to Diocesan Convention. Nominator: The 
Rev. Mark House. 

Francis I. Parker. City or town: 
Charlotte. Congregation: Christ Church. 
Occupation: Attorney. How long 
confirmed: 54 years. Congregation or 
diocesan offices, current or past: Vestry; 
Acolyte Director; Chairman, Worship 
Committee; Executive Committee, 
Thompson Home; Penick Home Board. 
Nominator: The Rev. Mark House. 

Charles W. Pinckney. City or town: 
Greensboro. Congregation: Holy Spirit. 
Occupation: Retired. How long confirmed: 
40 plus years. Congregational or diocesan 
offices, current or past: Vestry, Treasurer 
at Church of the Redeemer, Greensboro; 
Vestry, Holy Spirit, Greensboro; 
Conference Center Board; Penick Home 
Board. Nominator: The Rev. Mark House. 

W yndham Robertson. City or town: 
Chapel Hill. Congregation: St. Luke's, 
Salisbury. Occupation: Vice-President for 
Communications, University of North 
Carolina at Chapel Hill. How long 
confirmed: 42 years. Congregational or 
diocesan offices, current or past: Penick 
Home Board. Nominator: The Rev. Mark 

Garland S. Tucker, DI. City or town: 
Raleigh. Congregation: Christ Church. 
Occupation: Founder and President, First 
Travel Corporation. How long confirmed: 
32 years. Congregational or diocesan 
offices, current or past: Vestry; Junior 
Warden. Nominator: E. E. "Jack" Carter. 

Standing Committee 
Lay Order: 1 to be elected 

Scott Evans. City or town: Durham. 
Congregation: St. Stephen's. Occupation: 
Housewife. How long confirmed: 45 plus 
years. Congregational or diocesan offices, 
current or past: Vestry; Senior Warden; 
Clerk; Altar Guild; Sunday School 
Teacher; Newsletter Editor; ECW; 
President, vice-president, Diocesan 
E.C.W.; Standing Committee (two terms); 
Diocesan Council (two terms); Deputy to 
General Convention (four terms); Delegate, 
Diocesan Convention (15 years); 
Commission on Ministry; Stewardship 
Committee; Chair, Land Stewardship. 
Nominator: Phyllis C. Barrett. 

Clerical Order: 2 to be elected 

The Rev. Anna Louise Reynolds Pagano. 

City or town: Chapel Hill. Position: 
Associate Rector for Parish Ministry, 
Chapel of the Cross. Number of years 
since ordination: 8. Number of years in the 
diocese: 1 8. Diocesan offices, current or 
past: Chair, Commission on Marriage, 
1984-1987; Commission on Aging, 1983- 
1987 (Chair, 1984-1987); Commission on 
Christian Social Ministries, 1983-1987; 
Commission on the Diaconate, 1983-1990 
(Chair, 1987-1990); NCEC A Executive 
Committee, 1983-1986, Vice President, 
1987-1989, President, 1989-1991; 
Diocesan Council, 1988-1990 (Chair, 
Budget Department, 1990); Ad Hoc Study 
Commission on Diocesan Funding, 1988- 
1990; Advisory Committee, St. John's 
House, 1987-1990 (Convenor, 1989-1990); 
Clergy Deployment Commission, 1985- 
present. Nominator; The Rev. Robert C. 
Johnson, Jr. 

Trustees of the 
University of the South 

Lay Order: 1 to be elected 

George Atkins Brine. City or town: 
Durham. Congregation: St. Joseph's. 
Occupation: Research Chemist. How long 
confirmed: 34 years. Congregational or 
diocesan offices, current or past: Vestry; 
Senior Warden; Parish Audit Committee; 
Treasurer; Parish Budget Committee; 
Chair, Ordination Committee; Acolyte; 
Acolyte Trainer; Lector; Lay Eucharistic 
Minister; 1967 graduate of University of 
the South (magna cum laude, B.A. 
Chemistry); Wilkins Scholar; Order of 
Gownsmen; Phi Beta Kappa; Benefactor. 
Nominator: David D. McKee. 

Axalla Hoole, M.D. City or town: Chapel 
Hill. Congregation: Chapel of the Cross. 
Occupation: Physician/Professor, 
University of North Carolina Medical 
School. How long confirmed: 40 years. 
Congregational or diocesan offices, current 
or past: Parish Liturgical Committee; 
Parish Representative, Meals on Wheels 
Board; Acolyte; Youth Lay Reader; 1960 
graduate of University of the South, B.A. 
English; Cheerleader; Highlander; Order of 
Gownsmen; SAE; Parents' Council, 
current member; UNC Medical School 
Teaching Scholar. Nominator: The Rev. 


1 1 

o c 


William S. Brettmann. 

1992 Convention Committees 

(Per Canon 13) 

On Administration of the Diocese 

Charles Newcomb, Chair 
The Rev. Jane Bruce 
The Rev. Edward Scott 
The Rev. Dudley Colhoun 
Joseph Springer 
Judy Clayton 
W. O. Warner 
Eileen Greenwood 
Thomas Wellman 
Marion Follin, III 
Ogburn Yates 

On Credentials 

Lloyd Childers, Chair 

The Rev. Joanne Stearns 

The Rev. James Horton 

The Rev. William Poulos 

Wilson Sadler 

Marian Safreit 

Caroline Goodwin 

On Elections 

The Rev. David Sweeney, Chair 

The Rev. Sonja Hudson 

Camilla Hutcherson 

Kathy Hykes 

Doris Page 

Martha Waters 

May Gibson 

John Achey 

Marianne Aiken 

On Faith and Morals 

The Rev. Elizabeth Grant, Chair 
The Rev. Leland Smith 
The Rev. Harold Cobb 
Irma Hoffman 
Powell Glidewell 
Nancy Rizzuto 
William Bullock 
Vivian Patterson 

On National and International Affairs 

Jane House, Chair 

The Rev. Kenneth Henry 

The Rev. Anna Louise Pagano 

The Rev. Thomas Midyette 

Robert Hanes 

Marian Thome 

Erika Rowe 

Steven Techet 

On the Program of the Church 

Edward Hardison, Chair 
The Rev. Brooks Graebner 
The Rev. Janet Watrous 
The Rev. David Williams 
Parker Phillips 
Margaret Motsinger 
Lucy Gray 
Andrew Steever 
Lucy Davis 

On Social Concerns 

Jan Freeman, Chair 

The Rev. Henry Parsley 

The Rev. Charles Hawes 

The Rev. Victoria Jamieson-Drake 

Carter Lofton 

J. Randall May 

Elizabeth Hargrave 

Donnie Simmons 

James Austin 

Scott Evans 


Thursday, January 30 

2 p.m.-6 p.m., 9 p.m.- 11p.m. 
Exhibits and bookstore open 
Benton Center 

2 p.m.- 10 p.m. 

Registration of clergy, delegates, and 


Benton Center 

3 p.m. -6 p.m. 
Committee hearings 
Marque Hotel 
Social Concerns 
Faith and Morals 

National and International Affairs 
Administration of the Diocese 
Program of the Church 
constitution and Canons 

4 p.m. 

New delegate orientation 
Marque I Ballroom (Lower Level) 

7:30 p.m. 

Evenson at St. Paul's Episcopal Church 

9:30 p.m.-Midnight 

Hearings continue 
Marque Hotel 

Friday, January 31 

7 a.m. -8 a.m., 11:30 a.m.-l p.m., 7 
p.m. -8 p.m. 

Exhibits and bookstore open 
Benton Center 

7 a.m. -8 a.m. 
Cash breakfast 
Benton Center 

8 a.m. 

Holy Eucharist, Bishop's Address, and 
first business session, followed by 
Noonday Prayer 
Benton Center 

11:30 a.m.-l p.m. 

Christian Social Ministries luncheon 
(site to be announced) 

11:30 a.m.-l p.m. 

Cash luncheon 
Benton Center 

1 p.m.-5 p.m. 

Business session continues, followed by 

Evening Prayer 

Benin Center 

7 p.m.,-8 p.m. 

Banquet with entertainment 

Benton Center 

Saturday, February 1 

7 a.m.-l p.m. 

Exhibits and bookstore open 

8 a.m. -Noon 

Morning Prayer and business session, 
followed by Noonday Prayer 
Benton Center 

Noon-1 p.m. 

Cash luncheon 
Benton Center 

1 p.m. 

Business session until adjournment 
Benton Center 

Convention office, Room B 

Parishoners at St. Titus, Durham, receiver Communion from Bishop Estill 
during his Jan. 5 visitation. 

1992 Assessment and Quota 

(Continued from page 5) 








& Assig 

Thomasville, St. Paul's 




Townsville, Holy Trinity 




Troy, St. Mary Magdalene's 




Wadesboro, Calvary 




Wake Forest, St. John's 




Walnut Cove, Christ Church 




Warrenton, All Saints' 




Warrenton, Emmanuel 




Weldon, Grace Church 




Wilson, St. Mark's 




Wilson, St. Timothy's 




Winston-Salem, St. Anne's 





Winston-Salem, St. Paul's 




Winston-Salem, St. Stephen's 




Winston-Salem, St. Timothy's 




Woodleaf, St. George's 




Yanceyville, St. Luke's 






S 741.987 $ 11717.548 $ 1.504.639 $ 212.909 

Patronize your 

Camp and Conference 


at Browns Summit! 

1 2 


Visit to the Middle East: 'horrible reality' 

By Mike Roark 

"Maintain your objectivity," the 
briefing materials warned, "Don't choose 
sides." Easy enough, I though, as I 
prepared for a two- week trip in 
November sponsored by the North 
Carolina Council of Churches and 
Middle East Witness to Israel and the 
Occupied Territories (the West Bank, the 
Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem). An 
attorney by training, what could be more 
natural than to objectively marshall facts 
concerning both "sides" in the long- 
standing Middle East dispute between 
Israelis and Palestinians? Reason and 
logic would do the rest and the result 
could be tallied like a scorecard. 

That's what I though, anyhow, before 
leaving as one of a 17 member 
delegation from North Carolina and 
West Virginia, including four 
Episcopalians from the Diocese of North 
Carolina. Considering myself to be a 
well versed and read student of current 
affairs, was I ever in for the surprise of 
my life. 

Not ready for the reality 

Nothing in my preparation, the 
briefings that were held and the books 
and articles that were given to us to read 
before we left the United States, or 
talking with others who had travelled 
there caused me to anticipate the shock 
and anger and frustration that began to 
build within me soon after our arrival 
and which, to date, still has not 
dissipated. Conditioned by years of pro- 
Israeli, anti-Arab slanted media and 
governmental propaganda, I was not 
ready for the horrible reality of everyday 
life in the Occupied Territories. 

During our two- week sojourn we met 
and talked with many Palestinians; we 
also encountered many Israeli Jews who 
echoed their Palestinian brothers' and 
sisters' requests for an end to the Israeli 
occupation, for just peace and 
independence and self-determination for 
the Palestinian people. During overnight 
visits with Palestinian families in their 
homes in the UNRWA Refugee camps 
where some have been forced to live for 
the past 40 years, we shared their food 
and hospitality and listened raptly as 
they catalogued a seemingly endless 
chronology of violence, human rights 
violations and inhumane, immoral and 
illegal treatment of themselves and their 
friends, Palestinian Arabs, by Israeli 
soldiers and civilians. 

A catalogue of atrocities 

Security checks, color-coded 
identification cards, roadblocks, 
administrative detentions, illegal arrests 
and warrantless searches and seizures, 
beatings and extrajudicial executions, 
illegal deportations, destruction of 

houses and personal property by 
bulldozers or dynamite — there were as 
many such stories as there were victims 
to relate them. And we saw the 
evidence. Jagged bullet holes in the 
walls and door facings of their homes 
caused by Israeli soldiers and setders 
randomly shooting rifles into refugee 
camps; permanently scarred and crippled 
Palestinian children who had been shot 
and beaten; monuments of rubble — rock 
and concrete and scattered personal 
belongings faded by age and weather — 
the aftermath of official Israeli 
destruction of a Palestinian home 
because the son and brother of the other 
ten occupants of the house had been 
arrested by Israeli soldiers (and months 
later still remained imprisoned without 
being charged or formally accused of 

We learned that in the Occupied 
Territories there is only military law and 
British mandate law. Under these laws 
soldiers can enter anyone's home at any 
hour, day or night; a Military 
Commander can destroy a house on 
"suspicion," private property can be 
confiscated and the Israelis have the 
power to expel from the country. 
Interestingly and ironically, when the 
Jewish community was suffering under 
these heinous regulations, which were 
used by the British against both 
Palestinians and Jews after World War 
II, Yacov Shapiro, a leading Jewish 
Lawyer who later served as Israel's 
Minister of Justice, denounced them as 
"unparalleled in any country; there were 
no such laws in Nazi Germany." 

How could this be happening here in 
Israel, a country that proudly proclaims 
itself to be a democracy? Were these 
counUess stories exaggerations? Why, it 
would take days to inventory and list the 
misconduct and atrocities that were 
related to us in painfully vivid detail by 
both Palestinians and Israeli's. Based on 
my experiences there, including those 
that follow, there is no doubt in my mind 
as to the truth of what we saw and heard. 

Herded along at gunpoint 

As a former Marine Corps infantry 
officer, it is difficult to mistake the 
sound of the safety being clicked off on 
an M-16 rifle; at a distance of less than a 
meter, it is impossible. Tension, 
annoyance, and anger were etched and 
reflected in the smooth baby face of the 
young Israeli soldier blocking my 
movement as he poked the barrel of his 
weapon at me. Pressed into the front 
rank of a crowd of Palestinians, mostiy 
older women and children, I was being 
forcibly herded backward by a cadre of 
Israeli soldiers. Decked out in combat 
gear — flak jackets, tear gas 
paraphernalia, clubs and automatic 
weapons, the soldiers were clearing 
civilians from most of the walkways and 
public market area outside the Damascus 

Children at Jabaliya Refugee 
Camp, Gaza, Occupied Territories. 

Gate of the Old City of Jerusalem. 

Forcibly redirecting pedestrians, the 
soldiers left a trail of scraps — scattered 
pieces of plastic bags, bits of parsley, 
mint, and other spices and vegetables, as 
well as remnants of cheap clothing that 
regularly hawked and sold daily by 
women and children who gathered along 
the sidewalks and steps outside the Gate. 
A small boy had verbally challenged the 
youthful soldier who stood before me, 
then ducked behind me. As I heard the 
safety clicked off I felt a rush of fear and 
a growing, seething anger, being 
involuntarily caught on the business end 
of an M- 16 rifle. In the midst of this 
cacophony of voices and sounds I was 
rocked by the deja-vu of my own 
military experiences twenty plus years 
ago as a young infantry company 
commander. There, other baby-faced 
soldiers in similar combat gear and 
automatic weapons cleared village 
squares forcing civilians from point A to 
point B. 

Oppressors and oppressed. The 
military and civilians. Soldiers, elderly 
women and children. The Occupiers and 
the Occupied. The faces, the weapons, 
the languages and the venues change but 
the soldiers and always noticeably and 
unbelievably young and the victims 
nearly always shrieking, protesting and 
defenseless women and children. 

I suppose I should not have been 
surprised by what I was witnessing. 
Since our arrival in "occupied" East 
Jerusalem there was no missing the 
ubiquitous presence of Israeli soldiers. 
Heavily protected military vehicles and 
walking soldiers patrolled the 
neighborhood of our hotel, a largely 
Arab populated part of East Jerusalem. 

The attitudes of soldiers do not 
mystically take form out of a vacuum. 
They are almost always reflective of 
their government, their leaders. If the 

leaders and their policies are racist and 
militantly discriminatory, similar 
conduct at the troop level is believed by 
the troops to be officially "sanctioned." 

Arabs are 'different* 

Several days after the incident at the 
Damascus Gate, our delegation met with 
a spokesman from the Foreign Ministry, 
a substitute for a meeting that had been 
scheduled but canceled with 
representatives from Israel's ruling 
Likud party. "These people are 
different," he said. "We are dealing with 
people and societies that are not the same 
as ours. They do not have and they do 
not respect, not just Israel, but American 
and (Western) European judeo-christian 
values... Most Arabs are people who do 
not know what democracy is... They 
(Arabs) live by different values. If you 
understand this, then you can understand 
the obstinacies and unreasonableness we 
must cope with daily with our 
neighbors..." Moshe Evell is a retired 
foreign service officer, having served as 
Israeli ambassador to several countries. 
Impeccably attired in a pin stripe suit, 
with stately features and carriage, neatiy 
cut, trimmed hair, he spoke 
authoritatively, calmly, with the cold, 
self-assured logic and rationale of the 
true believer. Arabs are not equal to 
Israelis and Americans. They are 
different. They are not as "human" as 
we are. 

In America, we have called Asians 
"gooks," "slopes" and "dinks" and we 
have lamented how different "they" were 
from us, not only in Vietnam, but years 
before in Japan, China and Korea. Why 
is man's inhumanity to others nearly 
always based on a belief in the inherent 
"goodness" of some — ourselves — our 
"friends," and the inherent "badness" of 
others— our "enemies?" 

In the early morning hours of the day 
before our delegation left Israel, soldiers 
gunned down a 16 year old Palestinian 
while he attempted to paste to a wall in 
the old city of Jerusalem a poster 
proclaiming the day as Palestine 
Independence Day — the fourth 
anniversary of the equivalent of our 
American Fourth of July. I am told it is 
a "crime" to do such a thing under the 
occupation. But, is it a capital offense? 

Mike Roark, a Raleigh Episcopalian who 
is an at-large member of the diocesan 
Christian Social Ministries 
Commisssion, traveled in November with 
Donna Hicks of St. Philip's, Durham, the 
Very Rev. Robert Sessum of All Saints' , 
Concord, and Lucy B. Nunnally of St. 
Mark's, Raleigh, as part of a 17-member 
North Carolina Council of Churches 
"Middle East Witness Delegation" to 
visit the Palestinian population of the 
Occupied Territories of Israel. While 
there they wrote a letter of protest to the 
President of the United States. 


Clergy changes 

The Rev. William J. McNeeley, who 
has been serving as assistant to the 
rector, Christ Church, Raleigh, has left 
this diocese effective Sept. 30 to accept a 
position as vicar of the Church of the 
Incarnation, Bloomingdale, 111., in the 
Diocese of Chicago. 

The Rev. Starke S. Dillard Jr., who 
has been serving as assistant to the 
rector, Christ Church, Raleigh, has 
retired, effective Sept. 30. 

Coming from the Diocese of 
Michigan is the Rev. Charles L. Wood, 
who became priest-in-charge at St. 
Luke's, Yanceyville, effective Dec. 19, 
1990. He and his wife reside in Durham. 

Status of the Rev. Joan P. Grimm of 
Greensboro has changed from vicar, St. 
Clements, Clemmons, to non-parochial, 
effective Sept. 1. 

The Rev. Joseph A. Hayworth of 
High Point became interim rector, Christ 
Church, Albemarle, effective Sept. 22. 
His status was previously non-parochial. 

The Rev. Driss R. Knickerbocker, 
who has been serving as interim rector at 
St. Peter's, Charlotte, has left the diocese 
to assume a position at St. Peter's 
Church, Bennington, Vt., effective Oct. 

Coming from the Diocese of East 
Tennessee is the Rev. Gary D. Jones, 
new rector at St. Peter's, Charlotte, 
effective Nov. 1. 

Also new as assistant at St. Paul's, 
Winston-Salem, is the Rev. Carol E. 
Henley, effective Oct. 28. Her status has 
been non-parochial. She was previously 
vicar at St. Anne's, Winston-Salem. 

The Rev. Douglas G. Hodsdon, who 
comes from the Diocese of Upper South 
Carolina, is new rector at St. Thomas, 
Sanford, effective Dec. 1. 

Status of the Rev. David Earnest, who 
has been serving as interim rector at St. 
Thomas', Sanford, has changed to non- 
parochial, effective Nov. 28. 

At St. Augustine's College, the Rev. 
Cyril C. Burke has retired as chaplain, 
effective Jan. 1. Burke, who recently 
served as chairman of the Commission 
on Ministry, will move to the Diocese of 

The Rev. Christopher C. Gray has 
been serving as interim chaplain, St. 
Augustine's College, Raleigh, since 
Sept. 1. Prior to that time he was vicar, 
St. Mark's, Wilson, and vicar, Church of 
the Epiphany, Rocky Mount. 

Ordained to the priesthood on Nov. 
16 at St. Paul's, Cary, was the Rev. John 
Kenneth Gibson. He served his 
transitional diaconate in that parish. 

The Rev. Louis C. Melcher Jr., for 
many years rector at Church of the Good 
Shepherd, Raleigh, has retired, effective 
Jan. 1. 

The Rev. Richard L. Ullman, who 
comes from the Diocese of Southern 
Ohio, will serve as interim rector at 
Church of the Good Shepherd, Raleigh, 
effective Jan. 5. 

The Rev. John W.Gibson Jr., who has 

been serving as assistant to the rector, St. 
Timothy's, Raleigh, is the new vicar of 
Church of the Holy Cross, Raleigh, 
effective Jan. 1. 

The Rev. Harold J. Cobb Jr., who has 
been serving as deacon at St. Stephen's, 
Winston-Salem, was ordained to the 
priesthood on Nov. 26. 

Bishop Estill has issued letters 
dimissory to transfer the canonical 
residence of the Rev. Dr. John H. 
Westerhoff III from this diocese to the 
Diocese of Atlanta, effective Jan. 9. 

The Rev. Ralph E. Macy, formerly 
resident in the Diocese of Rhode Island, 
has been accepted by Bishop Estill for 
canonical residence in this diocese, 
effective Jan. 7. 

The Rev. John W. Davis of 
Henderson, who has been serving as 
interim rector, Good Shepherd, Rocky 
Mount, has retired, effective Jan. 12. 

New rector at Church of the Good 
Shepherd, Rocky Mount, is the Rev. 
Bollin "Bo" M. Millner Jr., effective Jan 
28. He has been serving as rector at St. 
John's, West Point, Va. A Duke 
graduate, he was assistant at St. 
Stephen's, Durham, 1983-1986. 

Leaving the diocese is the Rev. 
Gregory A. Toumoux, effective Oct. 27. 
He has been serving as assistant to the 
rector, St. Paul's, Winston-Salem, and he 
departs to take a position at Christ 
Church, Owosso, Michigan. 

The Rev. Grant Folmsbee of Apex, 
who has been serving as priest-in-charge, 
Church of the Saviour, Jackson, and St. 
Mark's, Halifax, has retired, effective 
Nov. 17. He will be at the Convent of 
the Transfiguration, 495 Albion Drive, 
Glendale, Cincinnati, Ohio 45246 as 
interim chaplain until early April. 

New rector at St. Titus, Durham, 
effective Jan. 1 is the Rev. Monroe 
Freeman Jr., who comes from the 
Diocese of Albany where he was rector 
of St. Paul's, Greenwich, N.Y. Bishop 
Estill made his annual visitation to St. 
Titus on Jan. 5, the Rev. Mr. Freeman's 
first Sunday as rector, and was present 
with him at a reception afterwards. 

At St. Thomas', Reidsville, the rector, 
the Rev. Verdery Kerr, has ended his 
eight and one-half year tenure to depart 
for a new rectorship at St. Thomas', 
Sioux City, Iowa. He conducted his last 
service in Reidsville on Thanksgiving 
Day. The Rev. Kermit Bailey, deacon, 
has also completed his affiliation with St. 
Thomas', effective Dec. 1. 

The Rev. Sara Elizabeth Kelly of 
Pittsboro, formerly canonically resident 
in the Diocese of Connecticut, has 
assumed non-parochial status in this 
diocese, effective Nov. 1. 

The Rev. Samuel C. Walker, until 
recently rector of Emmanuel Church, 
Southern Pines, has accepted a call to be 
rector of Christ Church, Chaptico, Md., 
in the Diocese of Washington, effective 
Dec. 8. 

Status of the Rev. Pamela Porter has 

The Rev. Monroe Freeman Jr., 
new rector at St. Titus Church, 

changed from interim vicar, Church of 
the Nativity, Raleigh, to non-parochial, 
effective Dec. 1. 

Status of the Rev. Craig Philips has 
changed from interim rector, St. Titus, 
Durham, to non-parochial, effective Dec. 

New rector at Calvary Church, 
Tarboro, effective March 1 will be the 
Rev. William E. Smyth, who has been 
for several years rector at All Saints', 
Roanoke Rapids. His last Sunday in his 
present parish will be Feb. 23. 

The Rev. B. Daniel Sapp, rector at 
Christ Church, Raleigh, since 1957 and 
active in a wide variety of diocesan 
offices including a recent term as 
chairman of the Commission on 
Ministry, will retire effective Jan. 31. 

Interim rector at Christ Church, 
Raleigh, effective Feb. 1, is the Rev. 
Robert H. New, who comes from the 
Diocese of Ohio. He has served 
churches in Ohio, Missouri, Michigan, 
and Virginia. 

The Rev. Julie C. Clarkson, who has 
been serving as vicar at St. 
Christopher's, High Point, will assume 
non-parochial status, effective March 1, 

The Rev. Lisa Galen Fischbeck was 
ordained a transitional deacon on Jan. 

Suffragan bishop's visitation schedule 

February 2 

Good Shepherd, Raleigh 9, 10 (adult 

forum), 11:00 a.m. 

February 9 

St. Ambrose, Raleigh 1 1:00 a.m. 

February 23 

St. Luke's, Salisbury 10:00 a.m. 

February 26 

St. Luke's, Durham 7:30 p.m. 

March 1 

St. Paul's, Cary 10:30 a.m. 

March 8 

Christ Church, Cleveland, with St. 

George's, Woodleaf 1 1:00 a.m. 

March 15 

St. Mary's, High Point 10 (adult forum), 

11:00 a.m. 

Church of Ascension, Fork, with Good 

Shepherd, Cooleemee 3:00 p.m. 

March 18 

Grace Church, Lexington 7:30 p.m. 

March 22 

Christ Church, Raleigh 9 & 1 1:00 a.m. 

Church of the Nativity, Raleigh 5:00 


March 25 

St. Mary's Chapel, Raleigh 6:30 p.m. 

Bishop's visitation schedule 

February 9 

Redeemer, Greensboro 10:00 a.m. 

All Saints', Greensboro 3:00 p.m. 

February 16 

St. Catherine's, Charlotte 11:00 a.m. 

St. Clare's, Charlotte 3:00 p.m. 

February 23 

St. Michael's, Raleigh 9 & 11:15 a.m. 

March 1 

All Saints', Charlotte 1 1:00 a.m. 

St. Margaret's, Charlotte 3:00 p.m. 

March 15 

Trinity, Fuquay-Varina 10:00 a.m. 

Good Shepherd, Asheboro 3:00 p.m. 


Reader, usually disappointed, 
finds an issue to like 

I have read The Communicant for over 
20 years, and am usually disappointed in 
it. However, the November/December 
issue was excellent. I especially like the 
articles about Yugoslavia, the "Martyrs 
of Memphis," and the LARC 

Bob Williams 
Good Shepherd, Raleigh 

Comparison of killer's death 
to that of Christ offensive 

Ms. Lucy Nunnally's reflection "Vigil 
against the death penalty" in the 
November/December issue disturbed 
me. How could she possibly compare 
the execution of killer Michael 
McDougall with the death of Christ? 

Jim Longworth 


Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends, 

Sabbatical-time seems far away after 
being back for nearly two months. After 
returning from abroad we spent some 
time at my theological school in 
Cambridge, Mass., luxuriating in their 
splendid library, chatting with students 
and faculty (the latter all new since my 
day), and enjoying Harvard, Boston, and, 
on Sunday, lovely Christ Church in 
Cambridge.My reading in Cambridge 
brought me deeper into my search for 
our "Anglican roots," and I share even 
more strongly the conviction that the 
church is a divine society, a part of the 
One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic 
Church, and that we must never be 
identified with a nation nor subject to a 
national state. I also believe more 
strongly that William Temple was right 
in saying, "We exist to glorify our 
creator." That is "the true end of our 
being"..."we are created in order to be 
worshippers..." And yet, "there is no 
genuine worship of God that is not 
reflected in the urgent, practical, 
outgoing service of humanity." 

Now, as you will see in this edition of 
The Communicant, we come to our 
Annual Diocesan Convention. As usual 
we will debate resolutions, adopt 
budgets, elect and appoint people to 
diocesan commissions and committees, 
and set the course for the future by 
sharing in a very exciting Long Range 
Planning Process. All of this will stem 
out of our worship together before, 
during, and after the business sessions. 
At the Convention (as a carry-over from 
the last National Convention) we will be 

discussing theological and biblical 
matters. Again, my studies remind me 
(as did Archbishop Michael Ramsey in 
his writings) that "The Anglican shape of 
theological education simply means this: 
you study the Bible, and you study the 
ancient tradition, and you use your God- 
given reason in doing so." 

In a Church and a Diocese where 
approximately 70% of our membership 
comes to the Episcopal Church from 
other church backgrounds, I believe we 
need to be sure of "our identity" as 
Episcopalians and as members of the 
larger Anglican Communion. A rather 
lengthy but, I believe, vital, quote from 
Charles Gore (Bishop and theologian 
who died in 1932) summarizes this: 

"The (Anglican) Church's vocation," 
Bishop Gore wrote, "is to realize and 
offer (to all people) a Catholicism which 
goes behind the Reformation in real and 
unimpaired connection with the 
Catholicism of the past.. .which is 
scriptural and represents the whole of 
scripture; which is rational and can 
contain the light of all genuine enquiry; 
which is free to deal with the new 
problems and wants of a new time while 
it does the old work of conversion and 
sanctification; which acknowledges the 
authority of its ministry, but an authority 
constitutional, not absolute; scriptural, 
not arbitrary." 

Faithfully yours, 
Robert W. Estill 

Estills visit Sherborne Castie 

Sherborne Castle, Dorset, England, home of Simon Wingfield-Digby, 
second from left, was the site of a memorable evening during Bishop and 
Mrs. Estill's recent sabbatical. Also pictured, from left, are Mrs. Estill, the 
Rt. Rev. John Kirkham (Bishop of Sherborne), Hester Gregory Kirkham 
(former resident of the Diocese of North Carolina), and Bishop Estill. 

Suffragan Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends, 

We are nearing the middle of the 
Epiphany Season, the time in the 
Christian Story of the Manifestation of 
Christ to the Gentiles. We have 
inherited as its great symbol the story of 
three Gentile men of wisdom or royalty 
coming to adore the Christ child, having 
followed a star and successfully 
outwitting King Herod. 

This great symbol, when we ponder it, 
seems a bit irrelevant to our similar task 

of manifesting Christ to the Gentiles, 
many of whom are members if not 
leaders of our churches, but who live 
rooted in a Gentile culture. 

I look and find that in our days there 
are no Wise Men. Instead, we have 
inherited the structures of the Church, to 
which both believers and unbelievers 
look, sometimes hopefully, sometimes 
despairingly, for some manifestation of 
the Lordship of Christ. They look at our 
national church; they look at our 
diocese; they look at our 
congregations — all for some sign that 
Christ is Lord for all people. 

We know that in some ways they 
look at our national church for signs of 
the Lordship of Christ. The picture is a 
mixed one: perhaps a depressed, or at 
least an uncertain one. 

We know that in some ways they 
look at their own congregations for signs 
of the Lordship of Christ. Sometimes 
they can see the strength of His Spirit 
alive and moving others into life. But 
sometimes all they can see is a local 
mixture of distrust, defensiveness, habit, 
or apathy. 

The Rt. Rev. Huntington Williams, 
Suffragan Bishop, standing in the 
Clarkson Garden following his 
first official visitation to St. Peter's 
Church in Charlotte, his former 
parish, Dec. 15. 

We also know that they look to their 
diocese, at its people and programs and 
mission for signs of the Lordship of 
Christ, especially if there are few such 
signs to nourish their faith at the distant 
national church level, or few they can 
behold locally, within the congregations 
where they live. 

I do not believe that what people 
hunger for in any of these structures of 
the Church is perfection in performance 
as much as it is for signs of good faith. 
They look for signs that Christ really is 
the center around whom we work, and 
signs which effectively reveal Him as the 
grounding and final hope for what we try 
to do. 

For that is what the Lordship of Christ 
must mean for all of us, if people shall 
find Christ to manifest to the Gentiles, 
not through some Wise Men, but through 
the faithfulness we have in Him. 

Faithfully yours, 
Hunt Williams 


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Vol. 83, No. 2 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

March 1992 

Convention focuses on budget, planning 

By Gayle Lane Fitzgerald 

Winston-Salem, Feb. 1-Budget cuts, 
teenage pregnancy, resurgence of the Ku 
Klux Klan, alcoholism, and drug abuse. 
These issues that challenge all 
Americans were the focus for 464 
delegates who gathered at the 176th 
Annual Convention of the Episcopal 
Diocese of North Carolina, held here 
Jan. 30-Feb.l. 

The Convention opened Thursday 
with Evening Prayer at St. Paul's 
Church. The service included a moving 
sermon by the Rev. Dudley Colhoun, 
rector of St. Paul's, who reminded the 
delegates of their responsibility. "Billy 
Sunday said that if the Episcopal Church 
ever awakens to its potential, watch out," 
he told them. "We are timid and afraid 
many times to stand and act on what we 

Bishop Estill's address 

On Friday morning, Diocesan Bishop 
Robert W. Estill addressed the 
Convention, noting that it was ten years 
ago in this same place that Bishop Fraser 
announced his impending retirement. 
Since then, he said, the Diocese has 
made great strides in many areas, 
beginning with "a mammoth job of 

restructuring the diocesan organization." 

Bishop Estill went on to list other 
achievements. The fund-raising drive 
called ACTS (A Celebration Through 
Stewardship) provided for additions to 
the Camp and Conference Center which 
nearly doubled its capacity and included 
"one of the finest youth facilities in the 
country." Funds from ACTS and other 
sources enabled the church to "go 
forward with a superb Youth Ministry" 
and substantially increase other outreach 
activities. The Diaconate Program, 
which Bishop Estill reactivated, now has 
produced 15 deacons through whom the 
Holy Spirit is working in ways "that 
have enriched and broadened our 
worship." There are now 42 ordained 
women in the diocese. Twelve new 
congregations have been established 
since 1982. The diocese's Companion 
Relationship with Belize in Central 
America has been very successful. The 
long-range planning process has 
completed its first phase, and the Decade 
of Evangelism is well underway. 

Praising both clergy and laity for their 
hard work and dedication during the last 
decade, Bishop Estill noted the special 
contributions of Frances Payne Smyth, 
director of the Youth Ministry; the Rev. 
Jim Lewis, director of Christian Social 
Ministries; Letty Magdanz, business 

Judge Nicholas Long, left, watches Convention proceedings with other 
representatives from All Saints' Church, Roanoke Rapids. 

administrator and treasurer; John Koch, 
director of the Camp and Conference 
Center; the Rev. David Williams, 
chairman of the Department of the 
Council on Planning and Review; and 
Jim Godfrey, chairman of the 
Commission on Evangelism. 

Still there are many challenges ahead. 
The bishop called on delegates to 
strengthen their efforts in environmental 

Some claim baptism of black youth a factor 

Controversy surrounds circumstances 
in resignation of rector at Erwin 

Browns Summit, March 17-Bishop 
Robert W. Estill, who led the annual 
retreat for the clergy of the diocese at the 
Camp and Conference Center here 
provided time for discussion of the 
reasons behind the recent dismissal of 
the Rev. James T. Horton as rector of St. 
Stephen's Church in the small Harnett 
County town of Erwin. 

Horton, who was present and spoke 
to the approximately 100 clergy at the 
retreat, alleges that he was forced to 
resign after he baptized a black teenager 
in his parish on Jan. 12. 

Bill Lanier, senior warden at St. 
Stephen's, maintains that a number of 
other unrelated factors involving 
leadership style and personality conflicts 
led to the Vestry's 10-2 vote asking 
Horton to resign. The dismissal, Lanier 
says, was not a result of the baptism but 
of irreconcilable differences between the 
rector and the parish. 

Bishop Estill, who met several times 
for lengthy negotiations with vestry 
members and the Rev. Mr. Horton, told 
the clergy at the retreat that he felt, 

based on what he knew of the situation, 
that the baptism was not the primary 
reason for Horton' s dismissal. 

The Rev. Rod Reinecke, a diocesan 
consultant who had consulted with the 
parish during its search process, also met 
with the Vestry and rector both in Erwin 
and for a weekend "retreat." Father 
Reinecke also stated that the baptism 
was not the reason for Horton' s 

A private newsletter circulated by the 
Rev. Jim Lewis, diocesan director of 
Christian Social Ministries, however, 
argued that the dismissal was in fact 
racially motivated and cited instances of 
alleged racial slurs and a threatening 
telephone call made to the white 
godparents of the black teenager. 

Since his resignation, Horton told the 
clergy, he and his wife, the godparents of 
the youth, and the teenager himself, have 
attended an Episcopal Church in 
Fayetteville, about 25 miles south of 

Following circulation of Lewis's 
newsletter, the Raleigh News and 

Observer, on Friday, March 13, 
published a lengthy article at the top of 
its front page about the dismissal of the 
Rev. Mr. Horton. The newspaper 
followed the next day with an editorial 
critical of Bishop Estill for his 
endorsement of the Vestry action. 

On Sunday, March 15, the Rev. 
Arthur Calloway, rector of 
predominantly black St. Ambrose 
Church in Raleigh, led a group of 
approximately 20 persons from his 
parish and elsewhere in the diocese to 
attend the 1 1 o'clock service at St. 
Stephen's. They remained afterward to 
talk with members of the Erwin 

The situation has generated much 
spirited and concerned debate throughout 
the diocese. The North Carolina 
Episcopal Clergy Assn. has met 
separately with the Rev. Mr. Horton and 
with Bishop Estill and plans to have an 
open discussion of the situation at its 
next meeting, May 5, according to the 
Rev. Jay Hobbs, association president. 

stewardship, to follow the lead of the 
diocese in making a study of sexuality 
issues in their home parishes, and to 
remember their responsibilities not only 
to their own church but to the greater 
Anglican community. Noting that 
parishes who face budgetary problems 
often question the need to give financial 
support to the diocese, he warned that 
reduced funds from local churches in 
turn reduce the diocese's contributions to 
the National Church. "If we break that 
chain," he warned, "we risk the loss of a 
great deal that goes to make us an 
Episcopal Church." 

And what does make us 
Episcopalians? The Decade of 
Evangelism calls on us to answer that 
question more thoroughly and 
thoughtfully. "We still need to know 
more about who we are as Anglicans and 
what we believe," he said, "before we 
can hope to share our faith and our 
Church with others." 

Bishop Estill quoted the psalmist who 
wrote: "The boundary lines have fallen 
for me in pleasant places: I have a 
goodly heritage." (Psalm 16:6.) 
Referring to those words, the bishop 
said, "This diocese is a pleasant place, 
and we do have a goodly heritage. While 
Joyce and I were winging our way back 
over the Atlantic at the end of our 
Sabbatical, that passage was on my 
mind. From all of us, blessed as we are, 
much will be required. My hope for this 
diocesan family is that in the year ahead 
we will use the gifts God has given us in 
every way possible. We have, by our 
Lord's commission to us, a special 
responsibility to speak for the 
vulnerable, the inarticulate, those who 
are weak in bargaining power, for all 
those at the bottom of the heap." 

Finally, Bishop Estill announced his 
(Continued on page 8) 

Around the diocese 

Chapel of the Cross 
Plans 150th Anniversary 

Chapel HiLL-The Chapel of the Cross, 
organized in 1842, will celebrate its 
150th anniversary this year with a series 
of special events spanning the past, 
present, and future. 

On Saturday, May 16, a major service 
of worship and thanksgiving will be 
held, followed by a luncheon on the 
church grounds. All former parishioners 
and clergy are invited. 

Three days prior to that, on May 13, 
the actual day of the founding will be 
marked by a simple service of evening 
prayer in a form familiar to worshippers 
in the parish's early days. The Rev. 
Robert Emmet Gribbin Jr., chaplain for 
University of North Carolina students 
and parish assistant 1941-1946, will 
preach at that service. On Oct. 1 1 a 
second service of thanksgiving is to 
focus on the 150 years of the parish's 
ministry to the University. It too will be 
followed by a luncheon both for 
parishioners and guests. For further 
information regarding these events, 
contact the parish office at (919) 929- 

Workshop to evaluate 
Hymnal 's first 1 years 

"The Hymnal 1982 — Ten Years Later: 
An Evaluation and Celebration for the 
Clergy and Church Musicians" is the 
title of a wokrshop/seminar to be held 
Thursday-Saturday, Sept. 3-5, at the 
Camp and Conference Center at Browns 

Raymond Glover, general editor of 
The Hymnal 1982 and author of The 
Hymnal Companion, will lead the 
workshop, which is sponsored by the 
Diocesan Liturgical Commission. 

More detailed information about 
registration and costs will be published 
in the next issue of The Communicant. 
In the meantime, persons having 
questions may contact Karen Jacobs in 
Charlotte at (704) 334-3468 or the Rev. 
Philip R. Byrum at St. Timothy's, 
Wilson, at (919) 291-8220. 

Holy Innocents, Henderson, 
celebrating 150th anniversary 

HENDERSON-March 29 marks the exact 
date of the founding of Holy Innocents 
parish in Henderson in 1842, and a 
special combined service is planned on 
that date to celebrate the 150th birthday 
of the Episcopal Church in Vance 

This second event in the parish's 
year-long observance is set for 10 a.m., 
followed by an adult forum highlighting 
special moments from the past century 
and a half. On display will be a rare 
photograph of the original building, 
discovered by parishioner Wayne 
McGohan. A water color of the church 
as it appeared in 1842 has been painted 
by James Stevenson. 

Pilgrimage for Peace and Life 
announces Holy Week walk 

RALEiGH-The Carolina Interfaith Task 
Force on Central America is sponsoring 
again this year the Pilgrimage for Peace 
and Life, which will focus on 
connections between the economies of 
Central America and the United States. 

The walk, set for April 12-18, will be 
routed through Benson, Newton Grove, 
Dunn, Smithfield, Garner, and into 

"This is a Way of the Cross," said a 
Task Force press release. "We will stop 
at migrant farmworker camps, poultry 
factories, etc., and reflect and pray." 

Citing the closure of textile factories 
in North Carolina and jobs transferred to 
"maquiladoras" or sweat shops in 
Mexico, Guatamala, El Salvador, and 
other Third World countries where 
workers are sometimes locked in and 
forced to work overtime at factories for 
$2.00 daily or less, the Task Porce 
announcement called on concerned 
citizens to become involved by 
organizing educational forums in schools 
or church settings. 

Further information is available from 
the Carolina Interfaith Task Force on 
Central America, 1 1.05 Sapling Place, 
Raleigh, N.C. 27615, (919) 856-9468, or 
from the Rev. Jim Lewis, Episcopal 
Diocesan director of Christian Social 
Ministries in Raleigh at (919) 787-6313. 

Integrity/Triad now 
being re-established 

GREENSBORO-Integrity/Triad is now 
being re-established in the Triad area. 
Integrity is the National Organization for 
Gay and Lasbian Episcopalians. At the 
present time there are two chapters in the 
Diocese of North Carolina, those being 
in Charlotte and the Triangle. 

Integrity membership is not limited to 
gay men and lesbians — Integrity is open 
to all people (clergy and lay) who wish 
to support the work of Integrity and the 
fellowship of its members. 

An Organizational Meeting and Holy 
Eucharist will be held at 6:00 p.m. 
Tuesday, March 31, at St. Mary's House 
on the UNC-G campus. 

For further information please contact 
Integrity/Triad at St. Mary's House, 

Conference on preaching 
features Barbara Taylor 

Winston-Salem-A nationally- 
recognized preacher, described by John 
Claypool as having "a rare constellation 
of gifts — intellectual carefulness and 
depth coupled with an artistic sensibility 
of image- making," will be the featured 
speaker at the Annual Spring Conference 
on Preaching, at Wake Forest University, 
April 6-7. 

She is Barbara Brown Taylor, 
associate rector of AH Saints' Episcopal 
Church in Atlanta, whose theme will be 

Washington Event Celebrates Martin Luther King Jr. 

Dignitaries gathered in the Washington National Cathedral on Jan. 21 to 
celebrate the life of Martin Luther King Jr., and to raise funds for the 
Episcopal Church's scholarship fund for minority students. Pictured (left 
to right) are Presiding Bishop Edmond L. Browning; Pamela Chinnis, 
president of the House of Deputies; Senator John Danforth (R-Mo.); Dr. 
Thomas Law, president of St. Paul's College in Lawrenceville, Virginia; Dr 
Prezell Robinson, president of St. Augustine's College in Raleigh, North 
Carolina; and Mayor Sharon Pratt Kelley of Washington, D.C. 

"Preaching Beyond the Palace: 
Proclaiming Gospel to a Postmodern 
World." Her books are Mixed Blessing 
and The Seeds of Heaven. 

Lectures at the free conference, 
sponsored by the Wake Forest University 
Department of Religion and the Office of 
Denominational Relations, will be in 
Room 401 of Benson University Center. 
Registration is not required. For more 
information on the conference, call the 
Wake Forest University Department of 
Religion at (919) 759-5461 or the Office 
of Denominational Relations at (919) 

Boys' Choir Festival 
held in Charlotte; 
Girls ' event set April 3-5 

CHARLOTTE-The Second Annual Boys' 
Choir Festival for boys' choirs in central 
North Carolina took place March 6-8 at 
Christ Church, Charlotte. Participating 
in the Festival were 34 boys from the 
boys' choirs at Christ Church, Charlotte 
(directed by Ben Hutto), Emmanuel 
Church, Southern Pines (directed by 
Alan Reed), and St. Paul's Church, 
Winston-Salem (directed by Barbara 
Beattie). The music director for the 
Festival was Barbara Beattie, and the 
organist was Ben Hutto. The combined 
boys' choirs were joined by men from 
Christ Church and St. Paul's for a 
Eucharist and an Evensong on March 8, 
featuring music by Alyeward, Archer, 
Bouman, Brewer, and Mendelssohn. 

On April 3-5, Emmanuel Church in 
Southern Pines will host the girls' choirs 
from the same three churches for the 
First Girls' Choir Festival. Music by 
Archer, Bertalot, Faure, Marcello, 
Mendelssohn, and Sumsion will be sung 

at a Eucharist and Evensong on April 5. 
The girls' choirs will be joined by altos, 
tenors, and basses from the three 
churches. The Festival music director 
will be Ben Hutto, and Alan Reed will 
be the organist for the weekend. 

St. John's House quiet days 

Durham-Sl John's House will provide 
quiet days for clergy only on April 8 and 
May 6. Call (919) 688-4161 for details. 

The Communicant <USPS 392-580) is 
published bimonthly, in January, March, 
May, July, September, and November, by 
the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina, 
201 St, Albans Drive, Raleigh, NC 


The Rt Rev. Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop 

The Rt. Rev. Huntington Williams Jr. 


The Rev. E.T. Malone Jr. 

Non-diocesan subscriptions are $10.00. 
Submissions are welcome and are due on 
the 10th of the month for the issue dated 
the following month. 

Please send letters and address 
changes to: The Communicant. 
P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, NC 27619. 
Phone: (919) 787-6313. 

The Communicant is a member of 
the Associated Church Press and the 
Association of Episcopal Communicators. 
Second-class postage paid at Raleigh, 
North Carolina, and at additional post 


This and that, from all over 

The Women of Christ Episcopal 
Church, Walnut Cove, are holding an 
on-going Lenten Program in cooperation 
with the Episcopal Lay Institute. The 
six-week series runs from March 1 1 
through April 15, and is being presented 
at Christ Church, Walnut Cove, on 
Wednesday evenings from 7:00-9:00 
p.m. Pre-registration is not required, but 
will be helpful. For further information, 
please call Joanne Marshall at (919) 
595-4416 or Ann Okerson at (919) 294- 

* ***** * 

APPOINTMENTS— The following 
North Carolinians have been tapped for 
service on national Episcopal Church 
interim bodies, committees and 
commissions: Mrs. Scott T. Evans of 
St. Stephen's, Durham, and East 
Carolina Diocese Bishop B. Sidney 
Sanders (convenor), Joint Committee 
on Nominations; Mrs. Anne B. 
Tomlinson of Christ Church, Charlotte, 
Joint Committee on Program, Budget 
and Finance; the Rev. Robert L. 
Sessum, All Saints', Concord, Standing 
Commission on Peace with Justice; Dr. 
Robert B. Mullin.Raleigh, Standing 
Commission on Ecumenical Relations. 

The Holy Hoopster basketball program, 
sponsored by Calvary Parish Tarboro, 

concluded its 1991-1992 season with a 
banquet in Memorial Hall on Feb. 18. 

WHAT'S IN A NAME?: Young people 
across the Diocese seem to want to hold 
on to the familiar acronym EYC for their 
youth groups, even though many might 
not be able to explain just what the 
letters represent. The term Episcopal 
Young Churchmen seems increasingly 
anachronistic, and most diocesan 
newspapers nationwide (including this 
one) that formerly included the word 
"churchmen" in their tides have, with a 
few exceptions, eliminated it. 
Meanwhile the youth, supposedly in the 
forefront of agitations for progress, roll 
blithely along as "churchmen." 
Attempts by clergy in some parishes to 
impose new names such as Senior 
Young Episcopalians and Junior Young 
Episcopalians, haven't proven popular. 
Terms such as "churchpersons" and 
"churchpeople" seem jargony and 
artificial. Consistency across the diocese 
would help everyone, and, as most 
people seem to want to hold on to the 
term EYC, the editor of The 
Communicant suggests the following 
compromise tide: Episcopal Youth 
Community. How about it, Diocesan 
youth? Give us your opinions. 

Holy Trinity, Greensboro, will devote 
part of its worship service on Pentecost 
Sunday, June 7, to a liturgical dance 
presentation being choreographed by 
Sandy Hurt. 

Paul Briggs, former youth minister at 
St Michael's, Raleigh, has joined the 
staff of Ascension Church, Knoxville, 
Tenn., as Director of Youth Ministries. 

NEW IDEAS: Declaring that "Humor 
heals!," Judy Rumble of St John's, 
Charlotte, is attempting to form a humor 
group in her parish. She points to 
medical research that shows the 
beneficial effect of humor on illness, 
depression, despair, and plain old blues. 

Episcopal News, the newspaper of the 
Diocese of New Hampshire, has 

reduced the size of its pages in order to 
lower postal costs by qualifying as what 
the U.S. Postal Service terms "letter 
size" when folded. Space in the paper 
will be reduced by about 25 percent, but 
the move will enable the financially- 
struggling Diocese to continue its 
publication. The 8-page newspaper is 
issued ten times per year. 

New vestry officers for 1992 at St 
Titus, Durham, are Mary Hawkins, 
senior warden: Lenzie Barnes, junior 
warden: Cecil Patterson, clerk; R. C. 
W. Perry, treasurer; and Cheryl Myers, 
assistant treasurer. 


The Herald, newsletter of St Mary's, 
High Point, is one of the most lively and 
interestingly written of all the parish 
newsletters that arrive at Diocesan 
House. Advertising the congregation's 
Shrove Tuesday "Carnival," The Herald 
reported: 'The kids will parade as usual 
mid showers of beads and crawdads." 

The Rev. Fred Warnecke, rector of St 
Francis, Greensboro, was one of the 
heroes of the recent Diocesan 
Convention. In his role as head of the 
Commission on Dispatch of Business, he 
cracked the whip at the head table, kept 
the often ponderous wheels of the 
proceedings rolling, and enabled the 
body to adjourn early on Saturday, to the 
delight of all involved. 


Joseph Brown was elected at St 
Francis, Greensboro, to fill the 
unexpired vestry term of Woodrow 
Miller, who has moved to Nashville, 


Sixteen men were inducted on Feb. 16 
into the new chapter of the Brotherhood 
of St. Andrew at St Paul's Church, 
Smithfield. Craig Jones is the chapter 


The Rev. Jane Gurry, rector of St 
Mark's, Raleigh, picked up the 
following note left on a delegate table at 
Diocesan Convention: "Do all passed 

resolutions go to Resolution Heaven, 
never to be heard from again?" Jane, 
who with others was doing recycling 
duty, reports: "Actually there was quite 
a story in what we picked up off the 
tables or found in the boxes!" 

"Resolution Heaven" has been abolished. 
This year the resolution regarding loan- 
guarantees to Israel has been sent to the 
President, Presiding Bishop, and 
members of Congress, as ordered by 
Convention, and the complete texts of all 
resolutions adopted by the 176th Annual 
Convention are published in this issue of 
The Communicant. 

Education/Liturgy Resources, the 
outstanding diocesan bookstore operated 
in Oxford by the Rev. Harrison T. 
Simons and assistant Margo Acomb — 
who double as rector and parish 
secretary for St Stephen's and St 
Cyprian's churches there — was the 
subject of a very complimentary feature 
story by Betty Hodges (a St Philip's, 
Durham, parishioner and member of the 
diocesan Communications Commission) 
on the book page of the Durham Herald- 
Sun on Sunday, March 1. 

People in Oxford were saddened by the 
death of the Rev. Emmett G. Jones, 

retired Army chaplain, on Feb. 20. 

Jones, 82, had lived in Oxford for nine 
years, making St Stephen's and St 
Cyprian's, the Episcopal Churches of 
Oxford, his home, while assisting the 
rector and working as a volunteer at 
Education/Liturgy Resources, the 
diocesan bookstore. One of the few 
chaplains to take glider training during 
World War II, Father Jones spent five 
years on troop transports, crossing the 
Atlantic by boat more than any other 
Army chaplain; and during his career he 
baptized 1,468 persons. 

Campbell University in Buies Creek 
has edged out Wake Forest University 
in Winston-Salem to become the third 
largest Baptist college in the nation. 
Campbell's current year enrollment is 
5,777 compared to 5,755 at Wake 

* * * * * * * 

MAKING WAVES: Shortly after 
intense debate had concluded at 
Diocesan Convention on several 
resolutions regarding clergy and lay 
alcohol abuse, the Rev. Robert L. 
Sessum of All Saints', Concord, decided 
to relieve tension in the auditorium by 
running back and forth in the center aisle 
and leading delegates in doing "the 
wave". Rolling his eyes in dismay, 
veteran chancellor Joseph B. Cheshire Jr. 
growled down from the dais: "The 
man's drunk!" 

ECW Annual Meeting 

Southern PiNES-The annual meeting of 
the Episcopal Church Women will be 
held at Emmanuel Church in Southern 
Pines on Tuesday, April 28 and 
Wednesday, the 29th. The theme of the 
meeting, "Restoring God's Creation to 
Wholeness," will be reflected in the 
keynote speaker as well as in the 
workshops that will be available for the 
delegates, clergy, and other guests. 

Mary Cosby, the keynote speaker, 
will address the meeting during the 
celebration of the Holy Eucharist on 
Tuesday evening. According to Carolyn 
Darst, Diocesan ECW president, "Mary, 
along with her husband, Gordon, is the 
co-founder of the Church of the Saviour 
in Washington, D.C. This is a highly 
innovative ecumenical community which 
combines an equally serious commitment 
to both the 'inward journey' of deep 
spiritual growth and the 'outward 
journey' of service to the poor. The 
fruits of their approach to ministry can 
be seen in the abundance of startlingly 
effective outreach missions in the 
surrounding Adams-Morgan 
neighborhood. They recently founded a 
Servant Leadership School to help 
people develop their potential for service 
to the poor and to communicate their 
powerful vision of ministry to a wider 
audience. Mary Cosby is an outstanding 

Mary Cosby 

teacher and 

Mrs. Cosby 
will also conduct 
a workshop on 
morning entitled 
Change: Learning 
from Each Other." This workshop will 
deal with the nature of Kingdom power 
(unlike aggressive power), what it means 
to hear God's call in one's life, and the 
rich experience of crossing cultural 

Other workshops on Wednesday 
morning will include "Domestic 
Violence — Out of the Closet," a 
workshop that will address the dynamics 
of domestic violence, how and why it 
happens, how society perpetuates and 
condones it, and how the church has 
participated in its continuation; and 
"Broken Wings," a workshop that will 
shed new light on the yoke of poverty 
and ways to help the poor heal their 
wings so they can fly. These workshops 
will be led by women who will give their 
compelling and personal stories. 

The 1992 ECW Annual Meeting will 
also include Seminar for Service, 
"Women of Vision," and "Thoughts on 
Racism" workshops. 

MARCH 1992 

Saint Mary's: A place for growing, maturing 

Editor's Note: This is the fourth in a 
series of stories on the Sesquicentennial 
of Saint Mary's College. The fifth and 
final article will discuss the school's 
history and traditions. 

By Gayle Lane Fitzgerald. 

Raleigh, Mar. 20-The sounds of Saint 
Mary's on a spring afternoon tell a good 
deal about campus life at this 150- year- 
old school. Through an open window in 
the Fine Arts Building, you can hear a 
student practicing the piano. Nearby, the 
chorale rehearses for a performance. 
From behind Smedes Hall come the 
whacks and thumps of a volleyball game 
in progress. A covered walkway 
reverberates with groans that give way to 
giggles as three girls head toward a class. 
And most of all at Saint Mary's you hear 
silence, the energizing silence of 368 
young women studying, learning, 
growing into adults. 

Ask a Saint Mary's student what's 
special about this place and the answer is 
inevitably the same. First is the 
academics. Two years of high school 
taught by college professors, all of whom 
have a Masters or Ph.D. degree. The 
opportunity to begin college work while 
still a senior in high school. A choice of 
majors in college that range from the arts 
and humanities to math and science. 
Small classes that average 18 students. 
A focus on intensive reading and writing 
assignments. Individual attention. 

A chance for involvement 

The results are evident in comments 
of girls such as Gillian Troy, a 
sophomore from Atlanta who came here 
three years ago. "I wasn't involved in 
my public high school." she says. "My 
grades weren't good. 1 wasn't really 
challenged. Classes here are harder than 
they were in public school. Everything 
has changed for the better since I've 
been here." 

Dr. Jack Hume, the new Dean, sees 
stories like Gillian's unfolding every 
day. '"I think our experience corresponds 
to that of all institutions," he says. "Kids 
are coming to us less well prepared and 
we have to address that. It makes our 
job harder and also much more 

Bridging the chasm 

Academic excellence is only one of 
Saint Mary's goals. Another involves 
transition, bridging the chasm between 
small town high school and big 
university campus. Gillian, who will be 
at Emory University next year, says, "If I 
were coming from my old high school, I 
would be lost at Emory. Saint Mary's 
has given me more confidence, and I'm 
glad I've had the opportunity to gain that 
confidence in this small college 
atmosphere. Saint Mary's is a good 
bridge between high school and college." 

The small size has a lot to do with 

Cold Cuts: A musical tradition 

Members of the 1990-1991 edition of the Cold Cuts group at Saint Mary's were, from left, Kim Goines, Morehead 
City; Becky Covert, Graham; Katherine Pulliam, Cedarburg, Wise; Michele Reason, Williamston; Heather 
Scoggins, Rocky Mount; Leila Sutherlin, New Orleans, La., and Suzanne Nordan, Concord. 

building that bridge. But as any student 
will tell you, another important aspect is 
the fact that this is a girls' school. 

All-female setting unique 

"Because it's all girls, there's 
something very unique about life here," 
says Michelle Giammarco, a sophomore 
from Holy Comforter Church in 
Charlotte. "I've never been in a setting 
with all girls before, and it's a good 
chance for you to be able to gain 
confidence. You have all the 
opportunities here to be the best." 

That comment doesn't surprise Dr. 
Wylie S. Quinn, Professor of Religion at 
Saint Mary's. He states, "Studies have 
consistently shown that women achieve 
at higher levels, that they develop greater 
levels of self-confidence and leadership 
skills in a women's college, particularly 
in the traditional male-dominated areas 
of math and science. Saint Mary's is a 
very good place to begin a college career 
for students who, for whatever reason, 
aren't ready to tackle the university 

Librarian Martha Smith wanted to 
make sure that students would feel at 
ease using university libraries, so she 
recently computerized the school's 

30,000 books. The new information 
system includes an online catalog and 
circulation system, index and abstracts 
from hundreds of current periodicals, full 
texts of articles on science and social 
issues, and Word Perfect software which 
students can use on library computers to 
write their school papers. 

Variety of activities 

Another important aspect that makes 
Saint Mary's a special place is the wide 
variety of activities that are available. 
Beth Ford came here from 
Lawrenceville, Va., for the academics as 
well as the music. Back home, Beth 
says, "I was driving two hours away 
from my house every week for voice 
lessons, and here they're right on 
campus." Not only that. She has also 
had a number of opportunities to 
perform, giving recitals on campus and 
at other places in Raleigh including 
Meredith College and First Presbyterian 

Anna H. R. Taylor, a sophomore from 
St. Thomas Church in Ahoskie, is eager 
to take advantage of all she can. Her full 
schedule includes two or three classes a 
day plus a part-time job helping one of 
the teachers, plus participation in a long 

list of social clubs, the Circle (an 
honorary leadership club), Phi Theta 
Kappa (an academic honor society), and 
the campus chapel Vestry. For her 
required physical education class, Anna 
has gone out for tennis, horseback riding, 
ballet, all the things which she says "I 
know after I leave here I will probably 
not be able to take." 

Ellen Zimmerman, a sophomore from 
Greenwood, S. C, especially enjoys the 
friends she has made through school 
activities. Like so many students, she 
doesn't spend much time off campus. 
"It's fun to be here," she says. And she 
makes it fun for others as well by 
playing in the school's famous Cold 
Cuts. This washtub band, organized in 
1958, features unique homespun music, 
sung and played on just about anything 
that makes a noise. The current combo 
includes sticks, a cowbell and salt and 
pepper shakers along with the more 
mundane piano, bongo drums, and 
maracas. Ellen's contribution? She 
plays a bubblegum machine. 

Life at Saint Mary's is a kaleidoscope 
of academics, sports, and the arts, held 
together by a strict honor code and 
Anglican ties that date back to its 

(Continued on page 10) 


Resolutions adopted at Diocesan Convention 

On Planning in the Diocese 


That this Convention endorse Phase 1 
of the work of the Long Range Planning 
Committee and recommend that the 
committee undertake Phase 2 as funds 
are available, namely: 

1 . Transmitting Phase 1 information 
to all congregations; 

2. Launching a planning process for 
the Diocese; 

3. Offering all congregations an 
opportunity also to engage in long range 

On the Authority of Holy 


That the Diocese of North Carolina 
reaffirm the authority of Holy Scripture 
in matters of faith and practice as 
interpreted by the Church's tradition and 
applied with reason. 

On Middle East Peace and 
United States Financial Support 
of Israel 


That the 176th Annual Convention of 
the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina, 
in order to support efforts toward a peace 
accord in the Middle East, go on record 
as opposing the proposed $10 billion 
United States loan guarantee to Israel to 
enable that country to subsidize 
provision of housing for immigrants 
from the former Soviet Union unless 
Israel agrees to build no more 
settlements in the Occupied Zones. 

That copies of this resolution be sent 
to the President, Secretary of State, 
North Carolina members of Congress, 
and the Presiding Bishop, and that all 
parishes and missions in the Diocese of 
North Carolina be encouraged to become 
further informed on this issue in order to 
communicate support for the resolution 
through contact with the President and 
Congressional members. 

Elected at Convention 

Elections and appointments filled the 
following positions on diocesan boards, 
commissions, and other bodies at the 
176th Annual Convention of the 
Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina, 
Jan. 30-Feb. 1, in Winston-Salem. 

Standing Committee 

Three persons, one lay and two 
clergy, were elected to the Standing 
Committee: Scott Evans, St. Stephen's, 
Durham; the Rev. Harrison T. Simons, 
rector, the Episcopal Churches of 
Oxford; and the Rev. Janet Watrous, 
joint chaplain for N.C. State University 
and Saint Mary's College, Raleigh. 

Conferende Center Board 

Six persons, three lay and three 
clergy, were elected to the Conference 
Center Board. In the lay order, those 
chosen were John H. McGee, St. Paul's, 
Winston-Salem; John N. Ogburn, Good 
Shepherd. Asheboro; and Priscella 
Swindell, St. Michael's, Raleigh. Clergy 
winning election were the Rev. Glenn 
Busch, rector, St. Mary's, High Point; 
the Rev. G. Kenneth G. Henry, rector, 
Holy Comforter, Charlotte; and the Rev. 
David C. Sweeney, rector, Church of the 
Messiah, Rockingham, and vicar, All 
Saints', Hamlet. 

Diocesan Council 

Five persons, three lay and two 
clergy, were elected to the Diocesan 
Council. In the lay category, the three 
chosen were Sydenham B. Alexander Jr., 
Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill; Martha 
Alexander, Christ Church, Charlotte; and 

Robert G. Darst, Holy Trinity, 
Greensboro. Clergy elected were the 
Rev. Virginia Norton Herring, assistant 
to the rector, St. Luke's, Salisbury, and 
the Rev. William E. Smyth, rector, 
Calvary Church, Tarboro. 

University of the South 

George Atkins Brine of St. Joseph's, 
Durham, was elected a lay trustee of the 
University of the South, Sewanee, 

Penick Home Board 

Ten persons were elected to 3-year 
terms on the board of directors of the 
Penick Home in Southern Pines: E. E. 
"Jack" Carter, Christ Church, Raleigh; 
the Rev. Diane B. Corlett, rector, Christ 
Church, Cleveland; Bette Hanham, St. 
Mary Magdalene, Troy; Mary 
Katavolos, Emmanuel, Southern Pines; 
June Bourne Long, All Saints', Roanoke 
Rapids; Mrs. M. E. Motsinger 
(Margaret), Galloway Memorial, 
Roaring Gap; Francis I. Parker, Christ 
Church, Charlotte; Charles W. Pinckney, 
Holy Spirit, Greensboro; Wyndham 
Robertson, St. Luke's, Salisbury; and 
Garland S. Tucker III, Christ Church, 

Secretary of the Diocese 

The Convention confirmed the 
appointment by Bishop Estill of the Rev. 
E. T. Malone Jr., deacon, Chapel of the 
Cross, Chapel Hill, and editor of The 
Communicant, as secretary of the 

On Commendation and 
Acceptance of the Stewardship 
Commission's Publication, 
"Caring for God's Creation: 
Called to be Stewards" 


That the 176th Diocesan Convention 
meeting in Winston-Salem, January 30- 
February 1, 1992, commend the 
Diocesan Commission on Stewardship 
for its publication, "Caring for God's 
Creation: Called to be Stewards." 

That the Bishops, clergy, and 
delegates to this Convention make 
healing and restoring God's creation a 
top priority in their lives and ministry, 
accepting and implementing these 
guidelines, where appropriate, in 
institutions, parishes, businesses, and 
personal lives and urging others to do 

That Rectors and Vicars are strongly 
urged to take the leadership role in 
seeing that vestries establish a 
Committee on Environmental 
Stewardship in their churches. 

On the Use of Alcohol 


That this 176th Annual Convention of 
the Diocese of North Carolina exhort 
and encourage those Christians using 
alcohol to do so in a legal, mature, and 
moderate fashion at all times, and 
especially at public and private church 
and diocesan meetings and events. 

On the Use of Alcohol at 
Church Functions and 


That this 176th Convention of the 
Episcopal Church in the Diocese of 
North Carolina reaffirm and mandate 
that in all of the parishes, missions, 
meetings, conventions, retreats, 
institutions, and buildings of the Diocese 
the 1985 General Convention guidelines 
regarding the use of alcohol be adhered 
to as follows: 

-All applicable state, federal, and 
local laws must be obeyed. 

-Alcoholic beverages and food 
containing alcohol must be clearly 
labeled as such. 

-Non-alcoholic beverages must 
always be served in an equally 
attractive and accessible way. 

-Food must always be served when 
alcohol is served. 

-Organizations sponsoring events in 
church facilities must ask for 
permission from the church to serve 
alcoholic beverages and must 
comply with these guidelines. 

-The church (or group or 
organization) must assume 

responsibility for those people who 
might or do become intoxicated, and 
must provide alternative transportation 
for anyone whose ability to drive is 

-The serving of alcoholic beverages 
at church events shall not be 
publicized as an attraction of the 
That this Convention mandate the 
Committee on Alcoholism and Drug 
Abuse to continue to study this issue and 
make any further specific 
recommendations for such policy for the 
Camp and Conference Center, which 
will be reported to the Camp and 
Conference Center Board and the next 
Diocesan Convention. 

The Rev. John 
Shields urged 
responsible use 
of alcohol. 

On Establishing an Employee 
Assistance Plan to Treat 
Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse 


That the Diocese 
of North Carolina 
provide a written 
procedure for the 
provision of direct 
evaluation, and 
treatment of clergy 
and lay employees, 
and members of 
their families, who 
suffer from the 
illness of alcoholism 
and/or drug addiction. 

That intervention treatment for the 
addicted person and family, along with 
the counseling and continuing support 
during recovery, be coordinated with the 
clergy and other support groups in the 

That every effort be made to offer job 
protection and re-employment, with 
salaried sick leave during hospitalization 
for alcoholics and drug abusers 
accepting treatment, and that those 
refusing treatment not be offered this 

That Church health insurance policies 
continue to include provision for the 
treatment and care of persons afflicted 
with addiction illnesses. 

On Chemical Substance Usage 
by Clerical and Lay Leaders 


That this 176th Annual Convention 
of the Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina expect that all appointed, 
elected, and employed lay and clerical 
members of the Episcopal Church in the 
Diocese of North Carolina refrain from 
public intoxication, so that their witness 
to the Christian faith will not be 
diminished by impaired behavior. 

That once persistent impaired 

(Continued on page 10) 

MARCH 1992 

Additional reports from Diocesan Convention 

Secretary of the Diocese 

The Department of Records and History is 
charged by the canons with the supervision of 
the work of the Secretary of the Diocese. The 
Journal of Convention 1991 was published 
and distributed on September 30. 

Included among the duties of the 
Secretary of the Diocese were recording the 
minutes of proceedings of the Convention, 
recording and distribution of the minutes of 
the Council meetings, and overseeing and 
editing of The Journal of Convention for 
publication. Meetings of the Council were 
held on January 24 (Durham at Convention). 
February 10-1 1 (Camp and Conference 
Center. Browns Summit). April 8 (Diocesan June 24 (Diocesan House). 
September 23 (Diocesan House). December 
9-10 (Camp and Conference Center. Browns 
Summit). The Secretary of the Diocese 
attended all meetings of the Council. All pre- 
convention notices required by canon were 
issued. The duties of the Secretary of the 
Diocese are listed in Canon 5. 

Without the generous support and 
encouragement of Lynne Atherton-Dat. my 
secretary at St. Michael's, Raleigh, the 
responsibility would have been impossible. 
Mary Sox and Paul Briggs did an outstanding 
job in the layout and design production of 
The Journal of Convention. Included among 
those assisting in this ministry were the 
clerical and professional staff at Diocesan 
House. Sara Jo Manning. Lillian Reynolds. 
Annette Hemmer. and Letty Magdanz were 
of invaluable assistance and deserve much 

The Rev. Dwight E. Ogier. Jr. 

University of the South 

"National universities and liberal arts 
colleges' are the major leagues of higher 
education, usually with more selective 
student bodies, greater resources and broader 
reputations than schools in other categories." 
So stated U. S. News and World Report in 
ranking the University of the South in the top 
25 percent of America's national liberal arts 

The achievement of this enviable position 
among the many great institutions of higher 
learning in this country is accomplished by 
deliberate effort and attitudes which are so 
well expressed by both student and faculty. 
A member of the class of 1995 said. "In 
looking at other colleges, I didn't find any 
school that I was interested in that put so 
much emphasis on the development of 
character and values." Director of 
Admissions Robert Hedrick said. "We can 
emphasize. ..the incredible successes of our 
students after they leave Sewanee." 

Sewanee competed in an intense 
recruiting market for the 1991-92 academic 
year with the result that freshman enrollment 
is up 14 percent and the College's full-time 
enrollment of 1 .080 is the second highest in 
the University's history. A major tool in this 
success is the devotion of the University of an 
increasing portion of its general endowment 
and tuition income to scholarships. In the 
past ten years, aid to students has grown from 
less than $1.5 million and 9 percent of the 
budget to more than $4.5 million and 16 
percent of the budget. 

The Diocese of North Carolina is a major 
beneficiary of Sewanee's scholarship 
program. Aid to 12 students from the 
Diocese amounts to $ 1()3.6(X) for the current 

academic year. The university appreciates 
the support that it receives from the Diocese 
and its congregations. "Bless all who have 
contributed to this institution and raise up to 
the University a never-failing succession of 
benefactors" is from the University prayer. 

At the Annual Board of Trustees' 
Meeting, the Rt. Rev. Duncan M. Gray, Jr., 
Bishop of Mississippi, was elected as the 20th 
Chancellor of the University. Other 
important matters discussed were University 
domain land use, new deans of the College 
and Seminary, implementation of a new 
curriculum, a new capital campaign, and a 
visit with Vice-Chancellor and Mrs. 
Williamson in the newly completed Vice- 
Chancellor's residence, Clement Chen Hall. 
The Vice-Chancellor is providing Christian 
and cultural leadership and. at the same time, 
is achieving the practical recognition for the 
quality that is Sewanee. 

Sewanee trustees from this Diocese are 
the Rt. Rev. Robert W. Estill, the Rt. Rev. 
Huntington Williams, Jr., the Rev. Dwight E. 
Ogier, Jr. (1994). Edward McCrady III 
(1993), and George A. Atkins (1992). 
George A. Atkins 

Commission on Ecumenical 

National Highlights 

During the calendar year 1991 the 
Episcopal Church has maintained official 
dialogues with the following churches: The 
Oriental Orthodox, 
the Orthodox (see 
particularly the 
Dublin Agreed 
Statement), the 
Reformed (see 
particularly God's 
Reign and Our 
Unity), the Roman 
Catholic Church (the 
present work of 
proceeding to a 
consideration of 
moral questions between the two churches), 
the Consultation on Church Union (COCU), 
and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in 
America (see the Concordat of Agreement). 

The formation of new ecumenical 
dialogues was approved by the 70th General 
Convention in Phoenix, Ariz. Groundwork 
for dialogue with the Historic Black 
Methodist Episcopal Churches and with the 
Reformed Episcopal Church will be laid 
during this triennium. 

The presentation of Tlie Concordat of 
Agreement between the Episcopal Church 
and the Evangelical Church in America last 
spring has been and is of great historic 
significance. This paper addresses the 
concerns which remain and impair "full 
communion" between these two churches, 
e.g., implications of the Gospel, the historic 
episcopate, and the ordering of ministry 
(Bishops. Priests. Deacons). The 70th 
General Convention received this paper and 
commended to the church for study "the goal 
of which is full communion between the 
Episcopal Church and the Evangelical 
Lutheran Church in America." "By full 
communion. ..[is understood]. ..a relationship 
between two distinct churches or 
communions. Each maintains its own 
autonomy and recognizes the catholicity and 
apostolicity of the other, and each believes 

Timothy Kimbrough 

the other to hold the essentials of the 
Christian faith." 

Local Highlights 

The Commission continued to represent 
the Diocese of North Carolina, its people, 
clerics, and bishops, at the National 
Workshop on Christian Unity (St. Louis. Mo. 
4/91), and the corresponding Episcopal 
Diocesan Ecumenical Officers (EDEO) 17th 
Meeting. Considerable time was spent by 
both bodies processing The Concordat of 

The sixth in a series of 
Lutheran/ Anglican/Roman Catholic (LARC) 
overnight conferences was held in late 
November at Trinity Conference Center, 
Salter Path (subject: Human Sexuality and 
Ecumenical Dialogue). The Rev. Richard J. 
Niebanck, pastor of the Lutheran Church of 
the Redeemer in Maywood, N.J., and author 
of numerous social statements of the 
Lutheran Church in American (LCA) was the 
keynoter. The Rt. Rev. Huntington Williams 
and 20 clerics/lay professionals from this 
diocese were in attendance. 

The Commission on Ecumenical Relations 
also helps coordinate our relationship with 
the North Carolina Council of Churches, of 
which the diocese is a member. 

The Commission invites your inquiries 
and questions about ecumenical affairs and 
concerns. Speakers on the current 
ecumenical scene are available upon request. 
Inquiries may be addressed to the Ecumenical 
Officer. 200 Hayes Road, Chapel Hill, NC 

The Rev. Timothy E. Kimbrough, 
Ecumenical Officer 

Episcopal Church Women 

The Episcopal Church Women of the 
Diocese of North Carolina began 1991 under 
the capable leadership of Mittie Landi. who 
concluded a successful three years as 
diocesan president in April. The Episcopal 
Church Women continued their varied 
programs in 1991 on both diocesan and local 
levels. The highlights of this year's activities 
are listed as follows: 

1 . The Church Women led the diocese in 
environmental concerns by introducing the 
theme "Caring for God's Creation: The earth 
is the Lord's, and the fullness thereof; the 
world and they that dwell therein" (Ps. 24:1) 
at the February Worship Retreat led by 
Bishop Estill. This theme challenged us as 
Christians to reclaim the earth as the Lord's 
through our concerns and actions dealing 
with environmental issues. This theme was 
developed further at the Annual Meeting 
which was held for the first time at Browns 
Summit. The Rev. Canon Nan Peete, Canon 
to the Ordinary. Diocese of Atlanta, gave the 
keynote address on our theme. A panel 
which further addressed various 
environmental issues was made up of Billie 
Elmore, an activist with N.C. WARN; John 
Sullivan, Agricultural Service at N.C. A&T 
State University; Norm Gustaveson, from 
Triangle Land Conservancy; and the Rev. 
Verdery Kerr, St. Thomas. Reidsville. 

2. Another "first" for the Episcopal 
Church Women was scheduling the Spring 
Seminar for Service workshops as an adjunct 
to the traditional two-day Annual Meeting. 
This was well received by those attending 
and was attempted in order to accommodate 
today's women's busy schedules. 

3. Fourteen women received scholarships 
from the Lex Mathews Scholarship Fund. 
This fund provides financial assistance to 
women over 35 years of age who need further 
education or training to enter or re-enter the 
work force. 

4. Four Triennial delegates attended the 
Province IV Women's Conference at Kanuga 
in June in preparation for Triennial Meeting. 
June Gregory, from our diocese and a 
member of the National ECW Board, was 
one of the organizers and speakers. At the 
same time, our Diocesan Altar Work 
Chairman attended the Province IV Altar 
Guild Conference also held at Kanuga. 

5. In July, the four Triennial delegates 
attended the Episcopal Church Women's 
40th Triennial Meeting and our Altar Work 
Chairman attended the National Altar Guild 
Conference, both of which were held in 
Phoenix, Arizona, in conjunction with 
General Convention. The theme "Restoring 
God's Creation to Wholeness" dealt with 
many issues and fears that keep us from 
being whole. The delegates returned with a 
renewed sense of celebrating the diversity of 
our Church and shared this as well as the 
highlights of the Triennial Meeting at the 
seven ECW convocation meetings in 
October. We were also proud that June 
Gregory was elected to serve a second term 
on the National Board. 

6. A Fall conference "Bless This 
House..." was sponsored jointly by the 
Church Women with the Education and 
Training Commission and the Evangelism 
and Renewal Commission. The Rev. Bruce 
Stewart was the leader of this conference 
held at Browns Summit. 

7. Working in conjunction with the 
Women's Issues Commission in response to a 
diocesan-wide concern about domestic 
violence, the Episcopal Church Women 
allocated funds to purchase a copy of the 
book Keeping the Faith by Marie Fortune for 
every parish. This book is especially helpful 
to clergy as they counsel abused women. 

8. In addition to giving generously of 
their time and talent in "hands-on" projects to 
the disadvantaged, the Episcopal Church 
Women, on both diocesan and local levels, 
contributed over $220,000 to various 
outreach programs inside and outside our 
diocese. Recipients included our diocesan 
institutions and missionaries as well as 
programs designed to help women and 
children here and in other countries. Over 
$66,000 was collected by our diocesan 
women for the United Thank Offering. A 
UTO grant of $30,000 was returned to our 
diocese for the Wails Memorial Jobs Program 
in Charlotte, a program patterned after the St. 
Francis Jobs Program started by Christ 
Church, Charlotte, which seeks to give a 
second chance to at-risk young people who 
have dropped out of school. 

The Diocesan ECW Board continues to 
work very hard to try to meet the needs of all 
women — our own as well as others. We 
encourage branches to be creative in 
scheduling events and meetings so that 
professional women can participate as much 
as possible. We are yery pleased that new 
ECW branches have formed (or re-formed) 
this year. Women are rediscovering the fact 
that we need each other and are finding ways 
to get together as women of faith. 

Carolyn O. Darst, President 


Christian Social Ministries 

The Christian Social Ministries (CSM) 
Commission met seven times in 1991. CSM 
is comprised of a representative from the 
following Commissions and Committees: 
Aids, Aging, Episcopal Farmworkers, 
Maternal-Infant Child Advocacy. Pastoral 
Concerns on Homosexuality, Peace 
Initiatives Network, Overseas, Stewardship, 
Alcohol and Drugs, Women's Issues, 
Housing, Legislative Lobbying and four 

The role of CSM is to provide resources 
to the parishes and missions to raise issues of 
concern to the entire diocese, and to connect 
with one another around the issues that face 
the church. 

Each of the Commissions and 
Committees sponsored a number of events 
around the diocese to inform interested 
persons about the issues, to witness to the 
position that the church has taken on 
particular issues, and to provide direct 
assistance to the oppressed among us. 

As a Commission we provided the 
Council with the screening of the Investment 
Portfolio of the Diocese done by Advent 
Advisors. This screening was done using a 
standard for social justice, concerning the 
environment, racism, sexism, nuclear 
weaponry, etc. We requested and were 
granted a seat on the Socially Responsible 
Investment Committee. It is the hope of 
CSM members that the Socially Responsible 
Investment Committee will be instrumental 
in acting on these issues. 

The Commission members also requested 
and were granted representation on the 
Diocesan Property Committee. Our concern 
is that all voices be heard on issue before 
that committee. 

In late spring the Jessie Ball duPont Fund 
approached CSM with the idea of having an ' 
outside consultant look at the CSM structure 
and the work CSM has done. Their reason in 
having a review done was because they have 
liked the initiative the diocese has taken with 
regard to farmworkers, poultry issues, aids 
housing, etc. Our reasons for agreeing were 
to get a clearer picture of our strengths and 
weaknesses as well as ideas for possibilities 
for change. The report has been completed 
giving us another perspective of CSM. At 
the last meeting of CSM for 1991 members 
began responding to the report and will 
continue that work in 1992. 

CSM members met twice with CSM 
members from both the Eastern and Western 
dioceses. We continue to look for ways to 
support and network around the events that 
we each sponsor. We see the work in the 
future being more intentional about crossing 
the diocesan lines. 

Ann Thompson, Chair 

Board of Directors of the 
Conference Center 

As we move into 1992 there is good news 
and bad news from the Camp & Conference 
Center. In October i*>91 we broke all 
records for occupancy at Browns Summit 
with 1895 bednights and an income for that 
month that grossed nearly $83,000. Overall 
there has been about an 1 1% increase in 
usage over the 1990 figures. 

The Center entered 1991 with some very 
positive signs and had a number of good 
conferences on the books. However, as the 
economy slowed and the recession deepened, 
agencies and organizations were forced to cut 
back and a number of scheduled events were 
canceled. John Koch, our Director, worked 
very hard to search out day groups and other 

events to help bridge the gap. 

Having been involved with the Center for 
so many years. I can attest to the lift I feel 
when I drive into the grounds and have to 
search for a parking space and often a goodly 
distance from the lodge. Under the 
leadership of Frances Payne, Youth 
Coordinator, the use of our Youth facilities 
continues to be strong. Another group of the 
"young of heart," Elderhostel, under the 
direction of the Rev. Theodore Weatherly, 
has given us over 400 bednights. One cannot 
help but be hopeful for the future when we 
see the good things happening at the Camp 
and Conference Center. 

Unfortunately the Center continues to find 
itself in a deficit position. A study of the 
financial statements indicates that in most 
cases, with the help of the Diocesan subsidy, 
we are operating within the budget. Our 
trouble stems from the fact that we have no 
reserve funds to take care of unusual 
emergencies like roof replacement, road 
repair, and other unexpected expenses. When 
the ACTS campaign was planned we wrote 
into it an endowment fund foreseeing just 
such emergencies. Sufficient funding was 
not received to achieve this goal and so now 
we find ourselves with needs but no funds to 
meet them. 

John Koch, director of the Camp 
and Conference Center 

The Board of Directors continues to work 
with a management consultant and we are 
searching for ways to handle the deficit and 
to become less dependent on the Diocese. 
One of our goals is to increase occupancy. 
More months like this past October would put 
us in a good position. Another goal is to 
increase our endowment fund with an eye to a 
capital reserve fund. 

Each of you, as members of this 
convention, can be of great assistance to the 
Camp and Conference Center by acting as 
ambassadors in your communities. 
Encourage your parish to use our Center for 
adults and youth. There are some fine 
programs available. Encourage business 
groups you have contact with to come to 
Browns Summit and use our facilities for 
conferences and sales meetings. You can also 
endorse the Center as a recipient of 
memorials to be applied to an endowment 
fund. A number of our parishes do include 
the Conference Center annually in their 

budgets. If yours is not doing so you might 
encourage this. The Camp and Conference 
Center is an extension of the Diocesan House 
in Raleigh and is used for many Diocesan 
events. It belongs to every member of the 
diocese, and we all have a responsibility for 
its use and its'care. 

Browns Summit is blessed with a fine 
staff, who give many hours of good and 
faithful service. The Board of Directors is 
grateful to each one of them. 

Six members of the Board rotate off this 
year. They are James Arthur, William 
Bryant, Julie Clarkson, Robert Haden, 
William Short, and David Sweeney. Each 
one of these has given invaluable service to 
the Center in their own areas of expertise. 

I continue to be very positive for the 

future of the Camp and Conference Center. 

and I pray that the people of the Diocese will 

support it as it works through its difficulties. 

Rose C. Flannagan, Vice-Chairman 

of the Board of Directors 

Education and Training 

The E&T Commission met six times in 
1991 at the Camp and Conference Center. 
The Commission has eighteen members, nine 
of which are representatives from committees 
or organizations and nine are members-at- 
large. The E&T Commission serves as 
support and a resource for strengthening 
Christian Education in the Diocese. The 
Marriage Committee was dissolved with the 
permission of Bishop Estill. There does not 
presently seem to be a demand for a 
committee on Marriage. The feeling is that 
there are other groups — Marriage Encounter, 
etc. — who are meeting this need. 

EFM has more than 20 active groups 
across the Diocese and has held two 
overnight workshops to train or certify 
mentors to lead these groups. More than 
thirty persons were newly certified or re- 
certified as mentors at these workshops. 

M ATC has had several of our reduced 
rate spaces used this year for Leadership 
Skills Development training. Some partial 
funding was also provided for these persons. 

A resource manual listing available 
programs for Christian Education in the local 
church was mailed to each church in the 
spring. This will be updated each year and 
mailed to the Christian Education leader in 
each church in the diocese. 

Plans are underway to enlarge and 
organize the Diocesan Resource Center and 
to locate it at the Camp and Conference 
Center. Scholarship money has been 
provided for several persons to attend 
conferences and training events, to develop 
skills to be used in the Diocese. 

Two Resource Days were presented, one 
in Oxford and one in Concord, to acquaint 
the CE leadership of the Diocese with 
available resources for use in their program 

Funding was provided for two parishes to 
present new programs for their parishioners. 
One church sponsored a CLAY (gifts 
identification) program, the other organized a 
Stephen Ministry (lay caregivers) group. 

A quarterly newsletter is being published 
and sent to each church in the diocese. This 
contains program ideas, information on new 
or existing program materials, and scheduled 
events in the diocese. 

A Steering Committee has been appointed 
to begin work on presentation of a 
conference entitled "Living into our 
Baptism" with the Rev. John Westerhoff as 
leader. The dates for the conference are Oct. 
16-18, 1992, at the Camp and Conference 


The E&T Commission continues to look 
for ways in which to support and strengthen 
Christian Education in our diocese. 

It has been an exciting and challenging 
year for me, as commission chair, to see the 
work accomplished this year by this group of 
dedicated and talented people. I am sure that 
they will continue to serve Christian 
Education in the Diocese in every way 

Ellyn Easterling, Chair 

Committee of Friends of St. 
Mary's Chapel 

SERVICES: The St. Mary's Chapel 
Committee continues to be interested in 
increased use of the building. We are 
pleased with the use of the Chapel by St. 
Mary's Country Day School. During 1991 
they inducted their new headmaster in the 
Chapel, and they regularly use it for 
graduation and some student functions. 
Other uses of the Chapel in 1991 included the 
annual Homecoming on Sept. 29. weddings, 
christenings, and a special service at the end 
of the Historical Tour in Hillsborough. The 
choirmaster and the choir of St. Philip's in 
Durham rendered beautiful music for this 

CONTRIBUTIONS: From 1967 to 1980, 
Friends of St Mary's gave approximately 
$15,000. In 1980, contributions slightly 
exceeded $21,000. In 1981, The Chapel fund 
received from the Diocese the proceeds of 
the sale of land to St. Mary's Country Day 
School, at an earlier date, in the amount of 
$5,900. Receipts from a fund-raising letter 
and the annual homecoming service in 1981 
were approximately $2,500. During 1982, 
through Homecoming Day, receipts were 
about $5,000. In June of 1983. an 
anonymous donor offered to contribute 
$2,500 if matching money was contributed 
by others. This goal was met and resulted in 
slightly over $5,000 being contributed. In 
1984, contributions were $2,880, and a total 
of $2,021 was received in 1985. 1986-1989 
contributions were approximately $5,000, 
plus memorial contributions to the Wallace 
Bacon Fund of $1,700 in 1988. One other 
significant source of funds for more recent 
restoration work was from proceeds of a 
$500 Webb Trust established in 1937. This 
$500 gift has been "at work" in the Diocesan 
investments over the years and made a 
contribution of $5,000 to the last major phase 
of work on the interior of the Chapel. The 
Webb Trust funds, plus over $3,000 from 
other funds marked for St. Mary's, by 1991, 
equal to more than $12,000 in principal. 

For the 1991 Homecoming bulletin. Jane 
Isley, Max Isley's wife, wrote a wonderful 
"UPDATE" on what has been accomplished 
at St. Mary's. It is unlikely any of the 
Committee members can adequately describe 
the beauty and wonder of the new steps 
constructed of hand-made brick. It is 
marvelous to enter the Chapel on "solid 
ground." Indeed this addition of substance is 
a fitting memorial for Wallace Bacon who 
made so many substantial contributions to St. 
Mary's Chapel's life and restoration. 

Mrs. Wallace Bacon. Chairman 

Patronize Your 

Camp and Conference 


at Browns Summit 

MARCH 1992 


(Continued from page 1) 
intention to retire. In this 12th year of 
his episcopate and 10th year as 
Diocesan, he said that the time had come 
to begin steps toward electing his 
successor. He expressed the hope that a 
Search and Election process would be 
developed for presentation at the 1993 
Convention and that the 1994 
Convention would elect a Bishop 

Recalling his recent visit to 
Canterbury Cathedral, Bishop Estill 
closed with these words. "In the long 
run," he said, "we all come now, back to 
this table and to the Sacrament of His 
Body and Blood. Despite all we have 
done and shall do, it is here, empty 
handed, that we are filled, and no place 

Copeland addresses CSM lunch 

The Christian Social Ministries 
Luncheon (formerly called the Hunger 
Luncheon) on Friday featured Tamara 
Copeland. director of the Southern 
Regional Project on Infant Mortality for 
the Southern Governors Association in 
Washington, D.C. An attentive group 
listened to Ms. Copeland discuss the 
continuing crisis of infant deaths in the 
South. This diocese, she said, "is in the 
infant mortality belt" where 41 babies 
under the age of one die every day. 
Calling on churches to become actively 
involved in stemming this tragic tide, she 
described possible projects including 
transportion services to take expectant 
mothers to their doctors, providing 
maternity clothes and layette items, and 
developing support groups for new 
mothers. Ms. Copeland" s office has 
developed a program called "Hold out 
the Lifeline" which helps parishes match 
community needs and resources. 

Suffragan Bishop's address 

Later on Friday, Suffragan Bishop 
Hunt Williams spoke to the Convention, 
describing "some of the things that I 
have seen afresh as a baby bishop of this 
Diocese toward the close of a second 
year." He talked of his visits to parishes, 
saying "It feels very good to be getting 
to know you, and for you to be getting to 
know me. And I'm grateful for your 
hospitality and openness." On his three 
months last fall as the Ecclesiastical 
Authority, he said, "You do the best you 
can in such areas and circum- 
stances. ..where the Bishop had done all 
the work and worrying until he went on 
Sabbatical. And then you really do 
welcome him home." 

This past year, he said, had given him 
a broader view of the Diocese and he 
sees it now as two kinds of pictures. 
First, there is the "still shot" of each 
congregation which is a center of loyalty. 
"Here the focus is on unmet needs," he 
noted, "and opportunities that people can 
see and know and do something about in 
ways that are understandable, relatively 
direct and satisfying." 

Why then should each of these centers 
care about the other centers, he asked the 
delegates. Why should the church in 

Statesville be interested in activities of 
the church in Laurinburg? Or the one in 
Oxford be concerned about the one in 
Wadesboro? The answer, he suggested, 
lies in the second kind of picture. 
Consider what happens when the 
television weather person sets in motion 
the radar's reflection of clouds. "We see 
inter-relationships," he said, "and 
systems evolving and making their 
impacts with power. We see trends. We 
see elements that we do not see when 
focused only on what we can see at a 
single moment, and locally." 

"So put the picture in motion," he 
continued "and behold the Diocese and 
its Convention and Council and 
Departments and agencies. We see the 
Bishop and Standing Committee. And 
on the periphery we see the National 
Church. All these things not as ends in 
themselves, but interacting: perhaps not 
quickly, but with needed purpose and 
power under our common discipleship to 
Christ. We see the Diocese which 
emerges as our common center of 

Moreover, the Diocese is an act of 
faith, he said, "lived out in all those 
places and on all those occasions where 
our focus in on life beyond our local 
habits and enthusiasms, but which give 
depth and breadth and continuity to what 
we do weekly as the church." 

Budget enacted, with cuts 

Budget cuts were a primary concern 
for the 168 clerical and 296 lay delegates 
at the Convention. Mrs. Letty J. 
Magdanz, diocesan Business 
Administrator and Treasurer, presented 
the 1992 Program budget which totaled 
$1,550,417, and the 1992 Maintenance 
budget which totaled $778,187. These 
figures reflected decreases from 1991 in 
a number of areas, including staff 
benefits and travel, Parish Grant funds, 
and the chaplaincy program. Salaries 
have also been frozen and another 
secretarial position cut. Despite dismay 
among the delegates over the need to 
trim funds for valuable programs, the 
budget passed. 

'Parental consent' fails 

Anticipated debate on several 
resolutions dealing with sexual behavior 
failed to materialize as the Convention 
rejected those resolutions in favor of one 
calling on the Diocese to make a 
thorough study of human sexuality. A 
lengthy discussion developed over the 
proposal calling on the General 
Assembly to require parental consent for 
a minor to have an abortion. Supporters 
emphasized the incongruity of laws that 
prohibit drinking under the age of 21 and 
yet permit a 13-year-old to have an 
abortion without any parental 
involvement. One speaker said, "If my 
child has to have a parental slip to 
receive a Tylenol at school, surely the 
same should be required for an 
abortion." Opponents reasoned that 
children in dysfunctional families would 
suffer from such a ruling and that it 
would create a needless legal labyrinth. 
One delegate summed up the debate 
saying, "There are caring, well-meaning 

people on both sides." The resolution 
was rejected. 

Alcohol resolutions enacted 

A good number of delegates rose to 
speak on the four substance abuse 
resolutions sponsored by the Rev. John 
Shields of St. Elizabeth's in King. The 
Rev. Mr. Shields, chairman of the 
Committee on Alcoholism and Drug 
Abuse, made an impassioned speech 
from the convention floor, lamenting the 
need to remind church organizations 
once again of the General Convention 
guidelines on serving alcoholic 
beverages at church gatherings. 
"Ministry is a simple thing," Shields 
said. It is simple to provide non- 
alcoholic alternatives for pregnant 
women, people who must drive, people 
who for whatever reason cannot or 
prefer not to consume alcohol. He noted 
that there was not even so much as a 
glass of water for these people at the 
Convention's reception the night before. 
And yet, he repeated, "it would have 
been so simple." All four resolutions 

Support shown for Herring 

Many delegates were surprised to 
learn of the ordeal of the Rev. Virginia 
Herring of St. Luke's in Salisbury. 
Having become the subject of the local 
KKK hate line, the Rev. Mrs. Herring 
has been receiving obscene phone calls 
and death threats. She was pursuing 
legal action but has suspended those 
plans pending a possible federal suit 
filed by the U.S. Attorney. The 
Convention unanimously passed a 
resolution of support in her struggle for 
justice. Bishop Estill told the delegates, 
"I stand with you in every way I can to 
oppose the Ku Klux Klan and I certainly 
bid your prayers for Virginia Herring in 
what has certainly for her been a very 
traumatic and difficult time and one that 
I feel she has met with real distinction." 
Herring thanked the delegates for their 
vote and Bishop Williams for the fund 
he established earlier to help with her 
legal battle. "Keep the prayers coming," 
she said. 

Long Range Planning report 

In other business, the Convention 
heard a report on the diocesan survey 
commissioned by the Long Range 
Planning Committee. Conducted by Dr. 
Gerald Ingalls and Dr. Alfred Stuart, 
both professors of geography at UNC- 
Charlotte, the survey showed that the 
Diocese is growing (by about 10% over 
the last 10 years) but not at the rate of 
the general population. Nearly one third 
of our members belong to churches that 
have at lease 1 ,000 members, and the 
average parish now ministers to "an 
unusually broad spectrum of society." 
Pastoral care and the need for more 
youth ministry dominated the topics of 
greatest concern. A spirit of 
"Congregationalism" was evident in the 
survey, with most communicants feeling 
that the diocese had a minimal effect in 
their daily lives. 

Students praise chaplaincies 

Young people played significant roles 

in this year's Convention. Amy Wease, a 
sixteen-year-old from St. John's in 
Charlotte, is believed to be the youngest 
delegate ever sent to a convention of this 
Diocese. The Youth Commission report 
was presented by B. J. Owens from Holy 
Trinity in Greensboro with the able 
assistance of other young people 
involved in the commission including 
David Acomb, Page Newsom, Ben 
Sullivan, Miriam Varner, and Jason 
Silver. Laura Smith headed a group of 
energetic pages who coped with copier 
breakdowns and amended resolutions, 
keeping the delegates up-to-date and 
content. Three college students were 
also a big hit with the delegates. Paul 
Andresen and Neil Willard of Wake 
Forest University talked about the 
rewards of campus ministry, as did Stacy 
Swarthout of UNC-Greensboro. Ms. 
Swarthout, speaking of her experiences 
at St. Mary's House, said, "I came to the 
church partly to, as I had heard the 
phrase back home, 'find God.' And in 
the greatest sense I have found God, for I 
have found that it is not in desperate soul 
searching or unexplainable images in 
one's morning coffee that one finds the 
significance of the Creator, but in the 
reflections of purity, devotion, action, 
and kindness on the part of people like 
those at St. Mary's." 

Sapp, Hale give valedictories 

Delegates gave a warm welcome to 
two special homilists, retiring rectors 
Daniel Sapp of Christ Church in Raleigh 
and George Hale of St. Timothy's in 
Raleigh. Father Hale focused his 
remarks on his long family tradition of 
Anglican priests who stood up and spoke 
out on the burning issues of their day. 
Following faithfully in the footsteps of 
his father and grandfather. Father Hale 
has often rowed against the prevailing 
currents in the service of his Lord. 

"For forty-seven years, I have 
wondered what it would be like to 
address the convention and what I would 
say. "Now I know," Hale told the 
gathering. "Ladies and gentlemen, my 
priesthood is an overwhelming joy." 

The Rev. Mr. Sapp's remarks were 
recalled later during the period which 
Bishop Estill had set aside for delegates 
to voice their hopes and concerns. The 
Rev. Stephen Elkins- Williams, rector of 
Chapel of the Cross in Chapel Hill, 
summed up the two days with these 

"I want to express my gratitude for a 
peaceful convention.... The tone with 
which we've addressed one another in 
this convention has been one of both 
respect and affection and even when we 
have disagreed, I think the respect and 
care for one another has been 
evident.. ..Dan Sapp mentioned in his talk 
about the Word of God being engraved 
in our hearts as well as on our minds. I 
think in some sense this has been a 
convention of the heart." 

Gayle Lane Fitzgerald, formerly with 
CBS News in New York, is an 
independent writer and a parishioner at 
the Church of the Good Shepherd, 



Views from the Convention floor, 1992 

MARCH 1992 


(Continued from page 5) 

behavior has been observed and reported 
there shall be a strong, firm, consistent, 
and loving confrontation with the 
afflicted person by a trained professional, 
and that a program of treatment shall be 

On Support for the Presiding 
Bishop's Fund for World Relief 


That this 176th Annual Convention of 
the Diocese of North Carolina give 
thanks for the ministry of the Presiding 
Bishop's Fund for World Relief and 
encourage our congregations to support 
generously its Annual Appeal and other 
efforts to be an ever more effective 
expression of the compassion of Christ 
and his Church for the suffering people 
of the world. 

On the Study of Human 


That this 176th Annual Convention of 
the Diocese of North Carolina endorse 
the implementation of General 
Convention Resolution A- 104 Substitute, 
which in Section 4 "commissions the 
bishops and members of each diocesan 
deputation to initiate a means for all 
congregations in their jurisdiction to 
enter into dialogue and deepen their 
understanding of these complex issues 
(i.e., issues of human sexuality)." 

Resolution A-104, Substitute 

RESOLVED, the House of Deputies 
concurring, that this 70th General Convention 
affirm that the teaching of the Episcopal 
Church is that physical sexual expression is 
appropriate only with the life-long, 
monogamous "union of husband and wife in 
heart, body and mind. ..intended by God for 
their mutual joy; for the help and comfort 
given one another in prosperity and adversity: 
and. when it is God's will, for the procreation 
of children and their nurture in the knowledge 
and love of the Lord." as set forth in the Book 
of Common Prayer; and be it further 

RESOLVED, that this Church continue to 
work to reconcile the discontinuity between 
this teaching and the experience of many 
members of this body; and be it further 

RESOLVED, that this General 
Convention confess our failure to lead and to 
resolve this discontinuity through legislative 
efforts based upon resolutions directed at 
singular and various aspects of these issues; 
and be it further 

RESOLVED, that this General 
Convention commission the bishops and 
members of each diocesan deputation to 
initiate a means for all congregations in their 
jurisdiction to enter into dialogue and deepen 
their understanding of these complex issues; 
and further that this General Convention 
direct the President of each province to 
appoint one bishop, one lay deputy, and one 
clerical deputy in that province to facilitate 
the process, to receive reports from the 
dioceses at each meeting of their Provincial 
Synod and report to the 71st General 
Convention; and be it further 

RESOLVED, that this General 
Convention direct the House of Bishops to 
prepare a Pastoral Teaching prior to the 71st 
Genera] Convention calling upon such insight 
as is necessary from theologians, theological 
ethicists, social scientists, and gay and lesbian 
persons, and that three lay persons and three 
members of the clergy from the House of 
Deputies, appointed by the President of the 
House of Deputies, be included in the 
preparation of this Pastoral Teaching. 

Saint Mary's 

Regarding KKK Hate Lines 


That the 176th Convention of the 
Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 
does hereby reaffirm its support of the 
Resolution of Conscience and Concern 
regarding the Ku Klux Klan and neo- 
Nazi activity as it was adopted at the 
170th Diocesan Convention in 1986. 

In keeping with that resolution, this 
Convention does hereby affirm its strong 
support of the Rev. Virginia Herring in 
her efforts to bring action against the 
Klan through the United States 
Department of Justice. 

Furthermore, the Diocese of North 
Carolina hereby joins with the North 
Carolina Council of Churches in 
standing ready to assist the legal process 
in appropriate ways. 

On the Decade of Evangelism 


That, since we are in the midst of the 
decade of Evangelism, there be given by 
the next Diocesan Convention, 
convening in 1993, a status report on this 
subject (what the Diocese of North 
Carolina has planned for the decade and 
what the progress is at the time of the 

Bishop's visitation schedule 

March 22 

St. John's, Battleboro 9:15 a.m. 

Advent, Enfield 1 1:00 a.m. 

April 5 

St. Mary's, Eden 9:00 a.m. 

Epiphany, Eden 1 1 :00 a.m. 

St. Barnabas, Greensboro 3:00 p.m. 

April 12 

Messiah, Mayodan 1 1:00 a.m. 

April 26 

St. Elizabeth's, King 3:00 p.m. 

May 3 

St. Stephen's, Winston-Salem 1 1:00 a.m. 

May 10 

Trinity, Statesville 9:45 & 1 1:00 a.m. 

St. Matthew's, Kernersville 3:00 p.m. 

May 17 

St. Paul's, Winston-Salem 9:00 & 

1 1 :00 a.m. 

May 2 7 

St. John's, Charlotte 7:30 p.m. 

May 31 

St. Martin's, Charlotte 10:00 a.m. 
Chapel of Christ King, Charlotte 
3:00 p.m. 

(Continued from page 4) 

founding in 1842. We're an Episcopal 
school," says Dean Hume. "We're a 
parochial school. We do believe that 
there is a spiritual side to the education 
of a girl." Consequently, regardless of 
her major, every student must take a 
religion course. "The courses we give," 
he adds, "are not Bible training. These 
are academic courses taught by people 
with degrees in systematic theology." 

Building a spiritual community 

The spiritual foundation of Saint 
Mary's is most evident in the chapel 
program. All high school students who 
are at school on Sunday must attend the 
chapel service that day. Monthly 
weekday services are mandatory for both 
high school and college. As one student 
recently explained to visitors who 
thought those rules excessive, "It's not 
bad. It really brings us together." 

Chaplain Janet Watrous is gratified by 
such comments. "There is a deliberate 
element of community-building here," 
she says, "that is perceived and received 
by students. I look on my work as new 
church development, because every year 
we have a new group of strangers here 
who, over the course of a year, have to 
become a church, a community. Most 

Suffragan bishop's 
visitation schedule 

April 1 

St. Clement's, Clemmons 5:45 p.m. 

April 5 

Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill 9:00 & 

11:15 a.m. 

April 12 

St. Timothy's, Raleigh 1 1:00 a.m. 

St. John's, Wake Forest 3:00 p.m. 

April 22 

St. Mary's House, Greensboro 5:30 p.m. 

April 26 

St. Thomas, Reidsville 3:00 p.m. 

May 3 

All Saints, Concord 9:00 & 1 1:00 a.m. 

St. James, Mooresville 4:30 p.m. 

May 6 

St. Matthew's, Hillsborough 7:00 p.m. 

May 10 

St. Francis, Greensboro 10:00 a.m. 

Holy Spirit, Greensboro 2:00 p.m. 

May 13 

Holy Trinity, Greensboro 7:30 p.m. 

May 17 

Holy Innocents, Henderson 10:00 a.m. 

St. Luke's, Tarboro 2:30 p.m. 

May 31 

Christ Church, Charlotte 8:45 & 

11:15 a.m. 

students are not Episcopalian, so we try 
to be sensitive to our own integrity as an 
Episcopalian church while at the same 
time being open to and reflective of life 
on campus." 

The chapel's Vestry plays a big role 
in this community-building effort. 
Composed of about 20 girls from all 
four classes, this group has 
responsibility for the chapel's acolytes 
and lay readers as well as campus 
fellowship activities and outreach 
programs. Current social ministry 
projects include student volunteers at 
schools for handicapped children and 
convalescent homes, participation in 
CROP Walks, and a Project Angel Tree 
on campus which sponsored 85 children 
last Christmas. Chaplain Watrous has 
helped students develop an ongoing 
relationship with an orphanage in 
Honduras called Our Little Roses. And 
she assigns one Vestry member each 
year to send every student in the school 
a special card on that student's birthday, 
an activity which she says "deepens the 
fellowship sense of the whole school." 

A place for maturing 

Still this is not a complete picture of 
life at Saint Mary's. There is another 
element that is more difficult to describe 
but is nonetheless there, making the 
school a special place. It is an 
environment created by staff and faculty 
in which young women mature with 
assurance and grace. 

Gillian Troy remembers her first 
week here when she kept calling home, 
"crying about this and that. But I grew 
up a lot and I'm proud that I can handle 
things on my own. They treat us like 
young adults here," she says. "They 
help us as much as they can, but they 
don't baby us. They give us a lot of 
respect, and that made me want to try 
harder. You have room to make 
mistakes but not fatal ones. You have 
room to learn little lessons about life." 

Chaplain Watrous knows what 
Gillian means. "A major discovery for 
our students is just how capable they 
are," the chaplain says. "Our influence 
goes way beyond what we might expect. 
They are drawing on what we say and 
who we are all the time. I can't imagine 
any other kind of school setting that 
could be more satisfying than Saint 

Gayle Lane Fitzgerald, formerly with 
CBS News in New York, is an 
independent writer and a parishioner at 
the Church of the Good Shepherd in 

$£MM* a 

i o 


Focus on the parishes: St. Mark's, Huntersville 

St Mark's, Huntersville 

8600 Mt. Holly-Huntersville Road 

Huntersville, N.C. 

Members: 130 

Year established: 1884 

Worship services: 

Holy Eucharist at 8:30 a.m., 10:30 a.m. 

and 7:30 p.m., Sundays 

Clergy: The Rev. Glenn H. Gould 

Staff: Lavonne Ensley, Indoor Sexton 

Will Bell, Jr., Outdoor Sexton 

Mark Reed, Organist 
Senior Warden: Dave Roberts 
Junior Warden: Donna Wanucha 
Clerk: Betsy Davis 
Treasurer: Roxanne Pletchan 


St. Mark's Episcopal Church was 
organized on Oct. 25, 1884. Columbus 
W. McCoy, a Long Creek farmer, had 
become dissatisfied with the Calvinistic 
teachings of his own church, Hopewell 

A younger community acquaintance, 
Edwin A. Osborne, had captured 
McCoy's interest by leaving the 
Presbyterian Church to study for the 
Episcopal priesthood and subsequently 
had lent him a Book of Common Prayer 
to study. McCoy also had attended 
some services at St. Peter's Episcopal 
Church in Charlotte. Through a friend, 
Colonel Hamilton C. Jones, a prominent 
Charlotte attorney and Junior Warden of 
St. Peter's, McCoy was introduced to 
Joseph Blount Cheshire Jr., rector of St. 
Peter's Church. This meeting occurred 
in early 1883. 

Thinking that a number of other 
people in the community might be 
interested in the Episcopal Church, 
McCoy invited Cheshire to come out to 
Long Creek to conduct a service. The 
first service was held on Nov. 18, 1883, 
in the Beech Cliff School House on 
McCoy Road, a mile and a half north of 
St. Mark's. 

On Oct. 24, 1884, Bishop Theodore 
B. Lyman came from Raleigh and 
preached the sermon, and confirmed 
sixteen communicants. Some of their 
descendants are members of St. Mark's 

The following day, Oct. 25, 1884, 
Bishop Lyman organized St. Mark's 
Mission. The name St. Mark's, 
proposed by Cheshire and Osborne, 
suggested the conversion of Mark by 
Peter. Their relationship suggested that 
between St. Peter's and St. Mark's, St. 
Peter's having been the means by which 
the first members of St. Mark's had been 
converted to the Episcopal Church. 

Early in 1886, the members of St. 
Mark's Mission, led by Cheshire and 
Osborne, began to make plans to erect a 
church building. Land was donated for 
the building, and the members borrowed 
a few hundred dollars. On Oct. 28, 
1886, the cornerstone was laid. The first 

service held in the church was on March 
27, 1887. St. Mark's Mission became a 
parish in 1956. 


The area we serve north and west of 
Charlotte is rapidly changing from a 
quiet rural community to a bustling, 
energetic, patchwork suburbia. Many of 
the old farms are being sold. Housing 
developments, business parks, and other 
commercial ventures are growing up 
where once there were only woods and 


We are diverse. Perhaps a fourth of 
our people are retired. Many of them 
have lived in the area most of their lives. 
They have worked and raised their 
families in and around Charlotte. 

The children and grandchildren of 

these retired families make up another 
significant portion of St. Mark's. Three 
of these "children" now serve on our 

The "new people" complete the 
picture of our congregation. They come 
from as far east as Concord, as far north 
as Troutman, and as far west as Stanley 
and Iron Station (across the Catawba 
River — in that "other" diocese). 


AA meets twice a week. 

NA meets once a week. 

Through the year we collect and 
donate clothing and food. 

Several of our members volunteer at 
Christ the King center. 

Our annual Bazaar usually distributes 
$l,200-$2,000 to local charities like the 
Battered Women's Shelter and Crisis 


We believe that when people come to 
St. Mark's (whether they've been 
coming for 90 years or have come for the 
first time) it's because God has nudged 
them our way. We believe He has done 
so for a reason. At our best we treat 
these people as having been entrusted to 
us by God. 

Mission Statement 

We've heard and read that all 
churches ought to have mission 
statements. We've read some really fine 
ones. We've just spent our time on 
projects that we felt were more necessary 
or more important. 

Editor's Note: St. Mark's has a unique 
columbarium, built into a rustic stone 

MARCH 1992 

1 1 

News of the National Church 

Episcopal team observes Russian 
Church 'worshiping on the 
ashes of atheism' 

By James Solheim 

A team OF Six Episcopal communicators 
returned from an eight-day trip to 
Moscow with two very strong 
impressions-the Russian Orthodox 
Church is overwhelmed but excited by 
the challenges it faces, but the 
sociopolitical turmoil is still very 

The team, composed of diocesan and 
national communicators from across the 
United States, visited the Moscow area 
in February at the invitation of the 
Russian Church and as part of a series of 
exchanges established after the presiding 
bishop's official visit in 1989. 

The largest national church in the 
world.- with about 70 million members, 
the Russian Orthodox Church is 
"worshiping on the ashes of atheism," 
the team was told. In the last two years, 
thousands of churches have been 
returned, but many of them need 
extensive renovation-at a time when 
Russian society is reeling from dramatic 
economic reforms implemented by 
President Boris Yeltsin in January. 

Ending the long period of isolation, 
former Soviet president Mikhail 
Gorbachev recognized that the church 
was important in attempts to rebuild 
society-much as Stalin decided he 
needed the church to rally the people 
during World War II. 

Suzanne Massie, an author who 
teaches at Harvard's Center for Russian 
Studies, told the team during a briefing 
that "the church is the only institution 
with an unbroken link, and therefore the 
only source of identity for the Russians." 

Massie, one of three Episcopal 
members of the joint coordinating 
committee formed to promote relations 
with the Russian Church, said that 
"Russians cannot exist without the 
church, without a spiritual life-that is 
their glory." But they are now involved 
in a "poignant effort" to "search through 
the rubble of Soviet communism for 
their lost souls." 

Second mission to 
Russian people 

That search was painfully obvious 
during a week of interviews with church 
leaders. Archbishop Clement, deputy of 
the department for external relations and 
host of the visit, said that the Russian 
Church was beginning a "second 
mission" to the people of Russia. "Yet 
we can't make a country 

Christian in a day," he said. "There is 
a great need for new apostles.'' 

The attempt to open thousands of 
churches at the same time has placed a 
tremendous strain on the resources of the 
church. Newly gilded onion domes and 
crosses rise on the landscape of cities 
across Russia as a signal of 
determination by the church to move 
back to the center of society. 

One of the new difficulties in the 
"new era of apostolic service to the 
Russian people" is the attempt to build a 
new basis for compassion. "Russians 
have been taught that there is no need to 
love one's neighbor because that is the 
duty of the party," the archbishop 
observed. "They were told the party 
would love them — but now there is no 
party. So we must rebuild the spirit of 
charity in the whole society, beginning 
with believers." 

Clement, who spent eight years at the 
Russian Orthodox cathedral in New 

Statement of the Presiding Bishop on the 
South African Referendum 

I am deeply relieved by the historic vote of the white community in South Africa 
calling for the end of apartheid by a significant margin. This vote is dramatic 
evidence of the desire of white South Africans to abandon the tragic and inhuman 
policies of apartheid. . 

However, let this be the last time that white South Africa casts such a vote 
without the full participation of all other South Africans. I join with all those who 
now call for rapid movement towards a transfer of power to an interim government 
which represents all South Africans. Let 1992 be the year that South Africa achieves 
the long sought goal of establishing a non-racial, non-sexist, democratic society. 

While this vote is encouraging, I am dismayed by the violence that continues to 
plague South Africa. The daily atrocities are to be roundly condemned. This 
senselessness must stop. May violence give way to a spirit of reconciliation and the 
creation of a just society, and quickly. 

The Episcopal Church in the United States is ready and eager to end its long 
campaign of economic sanctions and divestment. Such a step will be possible once 
the violence has ended and power has been transferred irreversibly to an interim 
government ensuring that white South Africa no longer can be in a position to thwart 
the will of the majority. 

God bless Africa. Guide her rulers. Guard her children. And give her peace. 

Edmond L. Browning 
Presiding Bishop 
The Episcopal Church, U.S.A. 

York City, extolled the warm and 
friendly relations between his church 
and the Episcopal Church. He said that 
the Episcopal Church "helped and 
protected us in a difficult time," 
standing by the Russian Church during 
the Communist era, when many others 
assumed that the church had been 
compromised by the state. 

"The church was preserved here — it 
did the best it could," Clement observed. 
He was critical of those who see Russia 
as a fertile missionary field and "come 
to fight against the Orthodox Church," 
whose competition will only lead to 
confrontation. "How can they preach 
against Orthodoxy — how can that be 
love?" the archbishop asked. He said 
that these outsiders did not understand 
the "unique soul" of the Russian people 
and employed Western techniques that 
drew the curious more than the faithful. 

When asked about aid from churches 
around the world, Clement said that the 
Russian Church did need help, 
especially in rebuilding churches and 
establishing social services for a society 
in a difficult transition. "Provide us with 
Christian help in the spirit of love," he 
Episcopal News Service 

Russian Churches Opening 
Sunday Schools: The dean of 
Moscow's Patriarchal Cathedral of 
the Epiphany blesses the children 
during consecration services for a 
new Sunday school. 

A Statement of the House of Bishops 
March 12, 1992 

As bishops of the Episcopal Church, meeting for three full days at the Kanuga 
Conference Center, Hendersonville, North Carolina, in the first week of Lent 1992, 
supported by the prayers of the church, and our own life of daily prayers and 
Eucharist, we bind ourselves to God and to one another as those responsible for 
symbolizing and guarding the unity of our church. 

We identified and examined four hypotheses related to our common life based on 
a survey of the House of Bishops. We examined our understanding of the 
episcopate. We analyzed our sense of vision and mission that guides the House. 
We explored the quality of our relationships with each other. We gave attention to 
the ways the House of Bishops is currently structured and how it might be structured 
for more faithful and effective ministry and mission. 

What has emerged is a commitment to a new community of relationships among 
the bishops without which it is not possible to make decisions which manifest the 
Gospel. We recognized that we must focus upon our communal life as a House of 
Bishops because it is the source of our identity. We learned that if we cannot be 
bishops together, we cannot be bishops alone. 

A concensus emerged that we must reorganize many aspects of our common life 
and we began to make a commitment to one another to take the actions required to 
make these changes. We chose intentionally not to confront specific issues, but to 
ground ourselves in our common faith and commitment. It is our hope that enriched 
and strengthened by our deliberations and interaction we will be able in the days 
ahead, in the grace of the Holy Spirit, to deal with the serious and important issues 
facing our church with faith, courage, and wisdom. 

Therefore we shall build a new way of meeting as a House of Bishops. Whatever 
the immediate agenda that brings us together, we resolve to define ourselves 
primarily as a community of prayer, worship, and biblical and theological reflection 
in which to give and receive one another's gifts, and to seek God's will for our lives 
and our work as the servants of the church. 

Whenever we meet, we will strive to prize the vows of our ordination and the 
bonds that unite us above the issues that divide us. While absent from one another 
between meetings as a House, we will hold one another and our communities of 
faith across the church in daily prayer — that we and all our people may experience a 
new birth of love for God and one another to the glory of Christ whose name we 
bear as ambassadors of the Gospel, one with the apostles in proclamation, service, 
and witness. 

1 2 


New books, religious and general 

Directory of International 
Congregations. New York: Church 
World Service, 1992. 

Americans seeking a place to worship 
while traveling abroad will be aided by 
the newly revised Directory of 
International Congregations, which is 
available free from Church World 
Service, 475 Riverside Drive, 6th floor, 
New York, N.Y. 10115. The directory 
lists about 120 English-language 
congregations in over 60 countries, and 
includes the time and place of worship 
and the pastor's name and telephone 

The Good Society. By Robert N. 
Bellah, Richard Madsen, William M. 
Sullivan, Ann Swidler, and Stephen 
M. Tipton. New York: Albert A. 
Knopf, 1991 

For the past several years, we have 
been treated to any number of analyses 
and critiques of contemporary American 
society. What has been missing in those 
discussions has been any projection of a 
vision of what would constitute a 
desireable society, it is this lacuna 
which the present work seeks to fill. 

In 1985 these same scholars published 
Habits of the Heart, in which they 
examined our traditional American 
individualism and found it wanting as a 
way of coping with lifein today's 
interdependent world. In that book, they 
called for a reaffirmation of communal 
values and noted the need of a language 
of social obligation that would enable 
Americans to visualize a kind of 
solidarity that would bring people 
together rather than dividing them 
according to race, class, region,or 
income level. 

Now they turn their attention to 
describing the good society and some of 
the steps needed to work toward it. The 
term itself comes from Walter Lippmann 
who used that title for a book published 
in 1937. The term is to be distinguished 
from "the great society," a term that 
describes the large-scale social 
environment which can be both 
impersonal and devoid of moral content. 

While affirming the traditional 
American value of freedom, the book 
focuses on the reform of our institutional 
life. Whereas in simpler times, freedom 
meant the right to be left alone, today we 
find our freedom, not apart from other 
people, but in the midst of social and 
institutional life. As the authors put it, 

Freedom must exist within and be 
guaranteed by institutions, and must 
include the right to participate in the 
economic and political decisions that 
affect our lives, (p. 9.) 

Central to the concept of the good 
society is a reinvigorated democracy. 
We have been used to turning social 
problems over to experts — in either 

business or government. But experts 
often fail to see the political dimensions 
of their proposals, so that their solutions 
often produce unanticipated disaster. 
Only a genuine democracy can enable us 
to promote the common good that lies 
beyond our several individual goods. 

The discussion moves on to deal with 
the economy, government, education, 
world affairs, and religion. In 
economics, we need to move beyond the 
idea of wealth as merely the 
accumulation of consumer goods; 
corporate life needs an infusion of 
democratic process; corporations need to 
become socially responsible; work needs 
to be seen as vocation. In government 
and law, the need is to move beyond the 
abstract language of rights to a vision of 
the common good as a basis for a 
dynamic politics. Grassroots activism, 
along with intentional public policy, can 
revitalize the political parties and 
provide them with coherent programs 
that voters can identify and affirm. 
Education from grade school to the 
university must recover its moral 
dimension and its commitment to the 
creation of responsible citizens. Our 
relationship with world society demands 
that we better educate ourselves and our 
children about that world and the many 
people and cultures that comprise it. 

Turning to religion, the authors ask if 
our religious institutions can offer 
genuine alternatives to the destructive 
tendencies in our society. To do so, they 
need to affirm a biblically grounded 
view of the world and of society, 
beginning with the family, of course, but 
including common social life, and 
extending to politics. The formation of 
committed citizens begins in the local 
church but also requires a public voice 
for the church in the larger social scene. 
Formation ought to include a theological 
critique of consumer culture, and a call 
for members to participate in the life of 
the wider community. Religious 
institutions are uniquely equipped to give 
people help in grappling with the 
ultimate problem of meaning, beyond 
cost-benefit analyses and slavery to the 
desire for instant gratification. 

To meet that challenge, church 
groups, from parishes to ecumenical 
communities might well consider using 
this book in adult study groups, to help 
members look at and make decisions 
about their social context and their call to 
influence the larger society. The authors 
have done a remarkable piece of work in 
lining out the issues. The religious 
community should seize this opportunity 
to make its voice heard in the current 
discussion of the future of our society. 

Earl H. Brill 
Durham, N.C. 

Note to readers: 

Books mentioned or reviewed on this page may be purchased or ordered 
through our diocesan bookstore, Education/Liturgy Resources, 140 
College St., Oxford, N.C. 27565, (919) 693-5547. 


Hobbs reiterates opposition 
of Church to racism 

I am writing as president of the North 
Carolina Episcopal Clergy Association 
in regard to the recent happenings at 
Saint Stephen's Episcopal Church in 
Erwin. I want to be very clear in stating 
that the Episcopal Church, its bishops, 
priests, deacons, and laity stand in direct 
opposition to, and deplore, any and 
every form of racism. This is stated so 
powerfully in the very Baptismal 
service, "...One Lord, one Faith, one 
Baptism, one God and Father of all." 
The Episcopal Church is made up of 
many people, all of whom are human — 
frail, fragile, and sinful. Racism is one of 
the sins shared by us all, red and yellow, 
black and white. To deny that we are 
victims of our own prejudice is to deny 
reality. The Episcopal Church believes 
that it is for just such sins as racism that 
God came to humanity in Jesus Christ to 
atone for those sins and reconcile us to 
Him and to one another. This gives us 
the hope that enables us to face 
ourselves and the world in which we 
live. It gives us the courage to continue 
to combat racism and other sins that 
separate us from God's love. 

The recent incident in Erwin is multi- 
faceted. Whereas it is our state's 
newspapers' business to sell newspapers 
by reporting news, it is ours to care for 
souls. This takes time and patient 
understanding. The Episcopal Church in 
this Diocese cares deeply for the Rev. 
Jim Horton, the young man who was 
baptized, and equally for the people of 
St. Stephen's, Erwin. Care is being 
shown to all involved so that we may all 
learn and grow in God' s Love and 

Please be quite clear — the Episcopal 
Church does not tolerate racism in any 

The Rev. Jay Alan Hobbs, President 
N.C. Episcopal Clergy Assn. 

Supports Bishop's interpretation 
of Erwin rector's removal 

The Raleigh News and Observer in 
its 3/1 3/92 issue ran an article about St. 
Stephen's Episcopal Church in nearby 
Erwin under the title "Accusations of 
Racism Test Erwin Church's Faith." The 
article implied that the action of the 
rector in baptizing a black teenager on 
the 12th of January led directly to his 

resignation on the 21st of February. 
Later, in its Monday, 3/16/92 issue, the 
News and Observer reported the visit to 
St. Stephen's, on Sunday the 15th, of a 
group of Episcopalians from Wake 
County who think the rector's ouster was 
racially motivated. The visitors were 
protesting racism in the church. 

Interestingly, the people who know 
the most about the rector and his 
resignation-namely Bishop Estill and 
the Senior Warden at St. Stephen's-state 
plainly that the rector's removal was the 
result of his leadership style and personal 
conflicts. Church members at St. 
Stephen's also deny that the rector's 
removal was racially motivated. As one 
member of the church there put it, "I can 
assure you it was not a racial issue, but 
unfortunately, it is being portrayed that 

The Communications Officer for our 
Diocese, who has followed this episode 
closely, also stated that the rector's 
personality and performance were the 
true issues in his being asked to resign. 

No one doubts that vestiges of racism 
exist in some American churches, and I 
have heard a number of fine 
presentations on its unhappy, 
dehumanizing effect. But, I choose to 
believe the statements of the people 
closest to the full story of what happened 
at the Erwin Church, to the effect that the 
rector's ouster was not a racially 
motivated event. 

Our own position fat St. Paul's, 
Smithfield] is clear. Every time we 
recite our Baptismal Covenant, we 
promise to "respect the dignity of every 
human being." Sincere worshippers are 
welcome among us regardless of their 
color or any of the other differences 
which divide human beings. When St. 
Peter finally became convinced that the 
Gentiles were also acceptable candidates 
for the Christian Gospel, he expressed 
the inclusiveness of our faith in these 
memorable words: "Truly I perceive that 
God shows no partiality, but in every 
nation anyone who fears him and does 
what is right is acceptable to him." (Acts 

Join me in opposing racism in all of 
its unhappy shapes and forms. But at the 
same time, please don't be misled by the 
News and Observer's coverage of the 
rector's troubles and eventual resignation 
as rector of St. Stephen's, Erwin. 

Robert K. Pierce, rector 
St. Paul's, Smithfield 

MARCH 1992 

1 3 


Concerned about alcoholic 
beverages at Convention 

I recently had the pleasure of being a 
guest at one of the evening functions of 
the recent Diocesan Convention in 
Winston-Salem. Prior to the convention 
banquet, on Friday night, there was a 
"cash wine reception" at the Benton 
Center. Unfortunately, alcoholic 
beverages were the only refreshment 
available. The fact that many people do 
not choose to consume alcoholic 
beverages apparently was overlooked. 

It is a concern of mine that the 
message I see on television with the 
glitzy commercials for alcoholic 
beveratges as being a staple of a happy 
life, seems to have been reinforced by 
the message that I received when I 
attended this pre-banquet function. 

It is a function of my profession, as a 
psychiatrist specializing in the field of 
addiction medicine, to make 
observations and form clinical opinions 
in regards to chemical dependency 
disorders including the overall dynamics 
that occur in families affected by active 

It is my opinion that indeed we are a 
sick lot. It is also my opinion that unless 
we recognize that our own attitudes and 
values must change prior to our being 
able to help others, that the church 
places itself in a position of helplessness 
especially where the mission is to teach 
service to mankind. 

I would suggest that the current 
Committee on Alcoholism and Drug 
Abuse be encouraged and supported to 
look at this issue and make 
recommendations as deemed appropriate 
by the Committee. 

Thomas E. Laver, M.D. 
High Point 

Real help for pregnant 
better than endless debate 

I have returned from our latest 
Diocesan Convention with the usual mix 
of joy and frustration. I feel the joy 
because I have been reminded of how 
many wonderful, dedicated Christians 
there are in our diocese. 

The frustrations come from hearing 
the same issues, debated with the same 
points year after year after year. 
Certainly abortion is an important issue 
and we should discuss it. We need to be 
concerned about those women whose 
lives are ruined by a legal abortion and 
those whose lives are ruined by an 
illegal abortion or an unwanted 

We need to be concerned that the 
rights of the parents and spouses are 
protected. We need to be concerned that 
the safety and health of the pregnant 
woman is protected. 

What frustrates me is not the 
discussion, but that after (how many?) 

consecutive years no progress has been 
made. I am not lamenting the lack of a 
solution since I do not believe there is a 
clear, easy solution. But when I hear the 
public opinion responses, I believe the 
real data is that 99% of the people do not 
think the existing situation is very good. 

Why can't we move toward 
improving the situation? I believe most 
people would like to reduce the number 
of abortions. Maybe we have spent too 
much time with the extremists on both 
sides and it is time to work toward 
improvements. Maybe those efforts 
could eventually instruct us about true 

I do not have a detailed program but I 
believe any such program would have at 
least three components. First, a 
reduction in the number of unwanted 
pregnancies. The best way to reduce the 
number of abortions is to reduce the 
number of unwanted pregnancies. But I 
sincerely doubt we can do that by 
posting Just Say NO posters in our youth 
rooms. I also do not believe the answer 
is a box of condoms in the youth rooms. 
We need to understand that ultimately 
the decision is made by the people 
(youth) involved. We need to help them 
make good decisions and that certainly 
includes telling them our opinions as 
individuals and as an institution. The 
Youth Commission should be 
congratulated for their programs, but 
they can not do it alone. Maybe 
convocational level programs, with very 
strong parish clergy support, would 
provide a partial answer. Somehow the 
family needs to be included in those 
programs without excluding any youth 
whose family will not participate. 
According to the statistics, if we reach 
every Episcopalian youth, we will reach 
less than 1% of all youth in our diocese. 
But, maybe if we discover how to reach 
our youth, we then have the right to 
speak to the rest of society. 

The second component must be to 
recognize that unwanted pregnancies 
occur. We argued about the problems of 
having a court judge as the youth's 
guardian. It seems to me that the church 
is called to be more than another 
judgment-screaming adult. Why can't 
the church be the loving, reconciling 
advocate for the woman? But we can 
not pretend in take that role when our 
real intention is to encourage either 
course of action. This is where the 
extremists will be especially upset at me. 
I believe in this role we must love 
unconditionally. Love the woman (and 
hopefully the man) who are struggling 
with this decision. Love those people no 
matter what decision they make. Why 
can't the church be their advocate with 
the medical system? With the legal 
system? With their parents, spouses, 

Finally if we are to say there are 
alternatives to abortion we must 

recognize our responsibility to make 
those work. I do not know God's will 
toward abortions, but I am convinced we 
are wrong in God's eyes in the way we 
treat our young. If one child is left 
hungry, without medical care, and most 
important without love, that would be a 
crime in God's eyes. We leave 
thousands of children in those 
conditions. And then we say, give birth 
to more. If we have any conscience at 
all we should cry over how many 
children are abused and neglected. We 
should work to make good prenatal care 
available to all mothers. We should 
work to provide food and medical care 
for all young people. The attitude "the 
mother should not have gotten pregnant 
and so we owe nothing to the child" is 
wrong in any sense. It is especially 
wrong if we are working to have that 
mother avoid an abortion. 

We actually spent more time during 
convention discussing our financial 
problems than we did abortion. Anyone 
who thinks these proposals have merit 
must remember they will cost money, 
both from the churches and from the 

As I said (too many words ago) these 
proposals will not solve the problem — no 
matter how the extremists define the 
problem. Some extremists will say I 
have not outlawed any behavior or 
allowed complete freedom. I accept that 
criticism. My only hope would be to 
make a small improvement. Maybe ten 
years from now we could look back and 
see fewer unwanted pregnancies, fewer 
abortions, and fewer neglected children. 
And maybe God will accept that we tried 
our best. 

Ken Kroohs 

St. Anne 's 


Reader recalls long service 
of Carl Herman to Diocese 

I noted with great interest the most 
appropriate picture of the Rev. Carl 
Herman on the cover of the January 
Communicant. However, I was greatly 
disappointed to read your note of his 
death on page 3. I am of the opinion that 
he deserved much more than a few lines. 

Carl Herman was a dedicated, 
conscientious clergyman who served his 
Lord faithfully for fifty-five years; seven 
years in the Zion's Evangelical and 
Reformed Church and forty-eight years 
in the Episcopal Church. He served as 
rector at St. Stephen's in Erwin, St. 
Paul's in Smithfield, and Good Shepherd 
in Asheboro before beginning his thirty- 
two years of devoted service at St. 
Andrew's in Greensboro. He retired in 
1977, but a year later he became supply 
priest at St. Paul's in Thomasville, and 
continued in that capacity right up until 
the time of his death. 

He served for thirty-one years as 

secretary of the Convention for the 
Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 
where he earned the admiration and 
respect of his colleagues as a strict and 
knowledgeable parliamentarian and 
authority on church law. 

He was a twenty-six year member of 
the Standing Committee of the Diocese 
and took pride in being the only member 
of the diocese not to have missed a 
convention since 1943. 

He held a monthly communion 
service at the Masonic Home in 
Greensboro for forty-six years and 
would visit afterward in the wards and 
give communion to those unable to 
attend the chapel service. 

He served on the board of the 
American Red Cross for more than forty 
years, and was a faithful member of the 
Greensboro Kiwanis Club, where he 
once served as president. Many lives 
were touched by this man in a most 
positive way, and he will be greatly 

I do hope you will give this letter 
your consideration and publish a more 
appropriate obituary, although belated, 
for this devoted and faithful servant of 
the Episcopal Church and his fellow 

Shirley O. Henley 

(Mrs. Eugene P.) 


Priest reaffirms Roark's view 
of oppression by Israelis 

Amen to Mike Roark's "Visit to the 
Middle East: 'Horrible reality!'" I was 
in the Holy Land in the summer of 1990, 
and I saw all the things he saw and more. 

I saw Israelis shoot holes in water 
lines leading to Palestinian refugee 
camps, and the poor Palestinians who 
needed the water saw it being wasted. 
We learned about Israelis throwing 
American-made tear gas into 
Palestinians' hospitals. I got a whiff of 
tear gas when they threw it into the camp 
I was visiting, but it wasn't enough for 
permanent damage. The Episcopal 
Church has done such good medical 
work there, and it breaks my heart to see 
our people suffer. 

The generosity of even the poorest 
Arab people touched me. A refugee boy 
bought a cold watermelon and cut it up 
and distributed it to us. Whe our leader 
offered to pay, he said, "No, you are our 
guests." It was probably all the money 
he had. Since our taxes are paying for 
the Israeli oppression, I hope that 
everyone will give as much as possible 
to the Good Friday Offering and to the 
Presiding Bishop's Fund to help these 
suffering people. 

Peace, salaam, shalom. 

The Rev. John A. Zunes 

Chapel of the Cross 

Chapel Hill 



Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends: 

Ever since I can remember the 
Episcopal Church has spoken out against 
racism. As with many issues, resolutions 
have been passed, sermons have been 
preached and biblical and theological 
evidence brought forward. Still, our 
churches are (with very few exceptions) 
segregated, education and housing are 
not equally shared, banks and other 
lending institutions turn their backs, and 
employment opportunities are not there 
for Blacks and Hispanics as they are for 

Someone once said," You can't 
legislate morals." And perhaps that is 
right. Yet even the government is ahead 
of the church in at least passing laws 
which can be appealed to when racial 
discrimination is proven. 

In our own Diocese of North Carolina 
we have again experienced the vile 
nature of the Ku Klux Klan which has 
slandered and harassed one of our clergy. 
In another congregation, ugly racial slurs 
and criticism followed the baptism of an 
African- American. Our recent "Portrait 
of the Diocese," a status report from our 
Long Range Planning Committee, 
recorded a pitifully low number of Black 
Episcopalians and we continue to 
struggle to encourage Black aspirants for 
the ordained ministry. 

A year or two ago we had a meeting 
of clergy and laity from our 
predominantly Black congregations. I 
have worked for human rights most of 

my life and have chaired State 
Commissions, lobbied for legislation, 
walked in demonstrations, and taken part 
in most of the things clergy my age have 
encountered. Yet, I was amazed (and 
shamed) by how easy it is to think that 
things are better, or that the problem of 
racism is declining. Over and over at 
that meeting we heard stories that were 
told in the 50' s and 60' s and that are still 
alive and almost the same in the 80's and 
90' s 

One of the books I read when I first 
came to North Carolina was William H. 
Chafe's splendid, Civilities and Civil 
Rights. Professor Chafe, a Duke 
historian, makes the point that good 
manners can be a clever ruse to frustrate 
significant change, especially when it 
comes to racial change. James Reston, 
in reviewing the book for The New York 
Times wrote, "From the view across the 
tracks — which still divide the few 
medium-sized cities and many more 
rural villages as dramatically as ever — 
the open countenance, the ready 
handshake, the sincerity and 
understanding of the powers-that-be has 
always been the most formidable block 
to real social inventiveness...." North 
Carolina was crying 'Never!' every bit 
as much as Alabama, Chafe argues; it 
just did so "with more grace and 
subtlety, and in the end, with greater 
effectiveness." At the end of his study 
Professor Chafe concludes that "civility 
within a context of oppression simply 

Bishop Estill celebrates the Eucharist at the Jan. 18 ordination of Lisa 
Fischbeck to the diaconate at Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill. Parish 
rector Stephen Elkins-Willams is at right. 

provides a veneer for more oppression." 

Lent is a time for penance. It is a 
time to "repent and return to the Lord," 
as we promised to do in our Baptismal 
vows. It is a time to renew those vows 
which include the promise, "with God's 
help," to "persevere in resisting evil." 
Surely no better use for Lent could be 
had than fighting racism wherever it 
appears. We may not be able to do much, 

but we can do what we can where we 
are. If we do, then we will have the kind 
of Lent that will allow us to "rise with 
Him" in the newness of the Easter life. 

Faithfully yours, 

Robert W. Estill 

Suffragan Bishop's letter 

Dear Friends, 

A recent meeting took place at the 
Diocesan House that proved fascinating 
and hopeful for all of us who are 
concerned with the Church's Mission, 
particularly beyond our own borders. 

Members of the Diocese with recent 
exposure to that mission in Haiti, 
Guatamala, San Salvador, the Middle 
East, Honduras, Costa Rica, Nicaragua 
and Belize shared their stories and what 
their visits had meant to them and those 
with them. A remarkable commonality 

of learning emerged in phrases such as: 
'They do so much with so little." 
"We made new and lifelong friends." 
"Their gifts of the Spirit helped 

balance our gifts of materialism: a real 


"I found it so hard to tell people back 

home what had happened to me inside, 

and to make them understand." 

"You really have to be there to know 

what Christian hope is all about." 
"My life and outlook on the world 

will never be the same." 

Any sense we might have had — that 
"my" trip to this place or that place was 
more important, or more worthy of our 
interest and support — evaporated, as we 
searched for ways of coordinating and 
sharing these experiences so deepening 
to our Christian faith. 

Currently our Diocese has three 
targets of concern for missions overseas: 

• Our Companion Diocese, and its 
successor with which we'll enter a new 
Companion Diocese relationship in 

• Honduras, the focus of interest of 
the Overseas Commission; 

• The Middle East, the focus of the 

Peace Initiatives Committee of the 
Christian Social Ministries Commission. 

In addition, there is a lively interest in 
other places in this country and overseas 
where members and congregations of 
our Diocesan family have invested 
themselves, their prayers and their 
work:. The Philippines, Mexico, 
Uganda, Zaire, Appalachia and various 
Native American communities. 

An initial step has been taken to 
coordinate, to nourish our common 
interest and to learn more about our own 
mission by seeing it happen elsewhere. 
Representatives from our three target 
areas will meet with others who are 
interested on Sept. 25, from 9:45 a.m.- 
2:30 p.m., at the Diocesan House. If 
you'd like to come, please drop me a 
note so we can arrange to include you. 

For in the end we can only keep what 
we give away. And surely that includes 
the Gospel of Christ. 

Faithfully yours, 

Hunt Williams 

Bishop Williams accepts a 
Convention gift of Episcopal 
Church front bumper plates from 
the ECW of Good Shepherd, 
Cooleemee, as Chancellor Joe 
Cheshire looks on. 

MARCH 1992 

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Vol. 83, No. 3 

The Newspaper of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 

May 1992 

No Coadjutor after all 

Diocese to elect new Bishop in 1993; 
Estill retiring spring '94; Williams 
will stay on to work with new Diocesan 

'PERSIST: Gov. Douglas Wilder of 
Virginia urged St. Augustine's 
graduates to survive and thrive. 
(See story, page 4) 

Raleigh, May 18 — Plans for choosing a 
Bishop Coadjutor have been scrapped, 
and the Diocese of North Carolina will 
move instead directly to election of a 
new Diocesan Bishop. 

Bishop Robert W. Estill, after 
consultation with advisors, proposed this 
new scenario to the diocesan Standing 
Committee, which gave its consent, and 
to the Diocesan Council, both meeting 
here today. 

A Search Committee will be 
announced at the next Diocesan 
Convention, to be held Jan. 28-30, 1993, 
in Raleigh. Final candidates will be 
interviewed in the diocese in early fall, 
and the election will take place at a 
Special Convention on Dec. 11, 1993, at 
the Camp and Conference Center at 
Browns Summit. Consecration of the 

new Diocesan Bishop will occur in late 
March or early April 1994, at which time 
Bishop Estill will retire. Suffragan 
Bishop Huntington Williams Jr. will stay 
on to work with the new bishop. 

Bishop Estill, in a tentative 
announcement of his retirement plans at 
the January Diocesan Convention this 
winter, had suggested that he would call 
for the election of a Bishop Coadjutor at 
the 1994 Diocesan Convention, and he 
said that he might work with the 
Coadjutor for up to 18 months after his 
consecration, therefore placing his own 
retirement as late as Jan. 1, 1996. To 
avoid having three bishops on the 
payroll, Bishop Williams would have 
needed to retire in mid- 1994, at the time 
of the new Coadjutor's consecration. 

Now, all this is out the window, and 

there will be no Coadjutor. Bishop- 
watchers around the diocese are 
speculating that the change in plans will 
alter the character of the election, 
making the stakes a bit higher in that the 
position will now be more attractive to 
existing suffragan bishops, coadjutors, 
and bishops of dioceses smaller than this 

Commenting on the change, Estill 
said, "I think that this is a responsible 
way of handling the transition and 
avoiding an unnecessary period of 
coadjutorship, because Bishop Williams 
has been in the Diocese a long time and 
can provide all the help that the new 
Bishop will need." In his regular letter 
to the Diocese in this month's 
Communicant, he has elaborated on his 
reasoning for this change of plans. 

Group ponders 
relationships of 
clergy, parishes 

By E.T. Malone Jr. 

High Point, May 5 — "What used to be a 
luncheon club is now rolling up its 
sleeves," said the Rev. Jay Hobbs, 
president of the North Carolina 
Episcopal Clergy Association. 

Holding its first general meeting since 
the dismissal of the Rev. James T. 
Horton as rector at St. Stephen's, Erwin, 
and of the Rev. Anna Louise Reynolds 
Pagano as associate for parish ministry at 
Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill, the 
group took on the complex topic of 
clergy-parish relationships. 

"We saw no point in rehashing the 
particulars of those two situations," said 
Hobbs. "They ended when the persons 
involved agreed to leave. But these 
instances point up the serious work that 
needs to be done in these areas." 

The association focused its discussion 
on three basic areas: the call process, 
maintenance (including salaries, 
sabbaticals, and evaluations), and 
conclusion (including retirement, 
accepting another call, or dissolution). 

Noting that the association is 
concerned not only about priests but 
about deacons and lay employees as 

(Continued on page 14) 

Taking the Cross downtown 

St. Mark's Outreach Committee sponsored a special "Way of the Cross" tour of 
soup kitchens, shelters, and other sites aiding the poor in downtown Raleigh 
on Good Friday. Over 50 people joined in the walk and special liturgy. 

Bishop deplores 
King verdict, 
L.A. violence 

Forms new Advisory 
Task Force on Racism 

Raleigh — Bishop Robert W. Estill 
issued the following statement in 
response both to the Rodney King 
verdict and resulting riots in Los 
Angeles, Calif., and to continuing 
questions of racial problems within this 

"I deplore the apparent injustice of 
the acquittal of the Los Angeles police 
officers who beat black motorist Rodney 
King, as well as the resulting violence 
that has caused death, injury, and civil 
strife. I pray that our nation will look, 
instead, to the example of the late Dr. 
Martin Luther King Jr. and seek the 
nonviolent path to peace and justice. If 
the California courts have erred in this 
present criminal verdict, then it is my 
hope that federal authorities will 
promptly and vigorously pursue 
prosecution on the basis of violation of 
Rodney King's civil rights. 

In response to questions of racial 
discord here in North Carolina, I have 
appointed an Advisory Task Force on 
Racism, consisting of black leaders from 
throughout the Episcopal Church in this 
diocese. I have asked them to advise me 

(Continued on page 14) 

Around the diocese 

Christ Church, Charlotte, 
choir releases cassette 
of hymns and anthems 

Charlotte — Benjamin Hutto, organist 
and choirmaster of Christ Church, 
Charlotte, has announced the release of a 
tape of hymns and anthems recorded by 
the choir in 1990 and 1991. 

Titled "Hymns and Anthems/Christ 
Church, Charlotte," the recording — 
which is also available as a compact disc 
(the first to be produced by a choir in this 
diocese) — is available for purchase and 
may be ordered from the Music Office, 
Christ Church, P.O. Box 6124, Charlotte, 
N.C. 28207. The cassettes are $10.00 
and the CDs are $15.00. An additional 
$2.00 should be included for postage and 
handling. If paying by check, please 
make it payable to Christ Church Choir. 

Proceeds from the sales will benefit 
the Choir's England Tour, July 30-Aug. 
10, 1992. The Choir of Men and 
Women will be in residence at St. 
Alban's Cathedral and will sing at 
Southwark Cathedral, London, and at 
several locations in Yorkshire. 

St. Michael's, Raleigh, 
boosts SPCK book drive 

Sewanee, Tenn. — "Books Galore from 
North Carolina!" declared the headline in 
the Winter 1992 issue of New Light, 
publication of the Society for Promoting 
Christian Knowledge (SPCK), whose 
American headquarters is located here. 
The article described efforts by 
parishioners of St. Michael's Church, 
Raleigh, to collect religious books for 
distribution by the SPCK in nations 
where such publications are difficult to 
obtain. The Rev. Dwight Ogier 
coordinated an effort to collect books 
from all over the Diocese of North 
Carolina during 1991. The large 
accumulation of volumes was stored in 
every nook and cranny at St. Michael's, 
where Ogier is an assistant rector, until 
they were transported in a U-Haul trailer 
in October to Tennessee. SPCK officials 
said the books may be sent to 
Yugoslavia, the former Soviet Union, 
and Uganda, where "Christian books are 
like gold," according to the late Bishop 
Festo Kivengere. 

St. Mark's begins HIV /AIDS 
ministry of hospitality 

Raleigh — On Palm Sunday the AIDS 
Ministry Group of St. Mark's, Raleigh, 
held its first Ecumenical Prayer Service 
and Supper for people affected by 
HIV/AIDS. Invitations to this service, 
which included laying-on of hands for 
healing, were sent to churches, agencies, 
and individuals thrbughout the Triangle 
area. Services were also scheduled for 
May 10 and June 14, and will continue 
again in the fall. A light dinner is served 
after the services, which begin at 4:00 

p.m. People of all denominations, 
beliefs, backgrounds, and lifestyles are 
welcome. Dress is casual and no 
offering is taken. Transportation is 
provided as needed for individuals and 
families living with HIV/AIDS. St. 
Mark's is located at 1725 New Hope 
Church Road. For more information, 
contact the Rev. Ginny Going, tel. 821- 

Evangelism conference 
set for Browns Summit 

Raleigh — A conference on evaluating 
and implementing the plan for the 
Decade of Evangelism will be held June 
25-26 at the Camp and Conference 
Center at Browns Summit. Sponsored 
by the diocesan Evangelism and 
Renewal Commission, the conference 
will be a "reenforcing type of thing," 
said Jim Godfrey, commission chair. 

"We want to plan strategy, look at the 
evangelism plan and see what changes, 
modifications need to be made," said 
Godfrey. He said that all convocation 
deans and wardens and heads of 
diocesan commissions will be invited. 
Copies of the plan adopted by the 
January 1990 Diocesan Convention will 
be sent to the deans and wardens prior to 
the meeting, he said. The conference is 
open to all interested persons, however, 
he noted. 

For further information, contact 
Gordan A. "Chuck" Smith, conference 
registrar, 1324 Knights Way, Raleigh, 
N.C. 276 15, or call (9 19) 847-0931. 
Registration cost is $20, and the deadline 
is June 15. 

Scholarships for women 
over age 35 available 

Raleigh — The Office of Christian Social 
Ministries has announced a June 15 
deadline for applications for 1992 Lex 
Mathews educational Scholarships. 

The scholarships are intended for 
women age 35 and over, to provide 
educational opportunities for upgrading 
skills or to advance career opportunities. 

Applicants may be seeking 
specialized training in vocational or 
technical skills, a degree or certification 
below doctoral level, or continuing 
education courses for upgrading job 

Applications are available by writing 
to Lex Mathews Scholarship Fund, The 
Office of Christian Social Ministries, 
Diocesan House, P.O. Box 17025, 
Raleigh, N.C. 27619. 

Stephen Ministers commissioned 
at Chapel of the Cross 

Chapel Hill, May 10 — A new chapter is 
being written in the long history of 
Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill. 
Today, a group of twenty women and 
men were commissioned as the parish's 
first Stephen Ministers. The brief 
ceremony took place during the 11:15 

Father Paul Wessinger, SSJE, ponders proceedings at Diocesan 
Convention in Winston-Salem earlier this year. 

service. The rector, Stephen Elkins- 
Williams, commissioned the new care- 
givers, after which they received 
certificates indicating that they had 
satisfactorily completed the fifty hours 
of requisite training for caring ministry. 

The instructors for this group were 
the Rev. Anna Louise Reynolds Pagano 
and five lay leaders: Mary Schoenfeld, 
Martha Hart, John Duguid, Archie 
Copeland, and Nan Cushing. 
Commissioned were Carolyn CapowsTd, 
Ed Devany, Miriam Fahrer, Frances 
Finney, Joan Fouts, Marilyn Grubbs, 
Lanier Harper, Wadleigh Harrison, Lois 
Harvey, Bea Hughes, Libby Lindsay, 
Penelope Olson, Kathy Schenley, Robert 
Scully, Helen Stedman, Lib Taylor, 
Elizabeth Ward, Judy Watkins, Lynne 
Wentworth, and Teri Zack. 

Stephen Ministry is an 
interdenominational program for the 
training of laypersons in Christ-centered 
care-giving. These lay ministers are 
available to members of the parish who 
desire assistance in a time of crisis or 
need. The leaders — who receive twelve 
days of intensive instruction in 
implementing and sustaining a workable 
Stephen Ministry program within a 
parish — provide instruction to 
prospective care-givers, who are chosen 
through a process of